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脑洞问答丨“撸”到底是个什么动作?

下面是撸撸更健康编辑奉献的“脑洞问答”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZuP3KnNgaCdq7Gto52yuLGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6NpNCDuazdg4p_q7GHeKyx2KGi

IzU5YzFiMjkzMzEyYWI=

81d59c427c3960f7c95b07c7c5d7b56f

KjU5YzFiMjkzMzE1NGQ=

靠撸猫撸串解压的实习编辑 / 阿呆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtfGSytb2i

撸这个字最初的意思真的吼简单MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtiaCwqLGi,最早在金代的一部字典《四声篇海》里MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtjKq8ta2i,只给了这么一个解释:“撸MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtjKu9uLWi,动也5048aba20865f7f851ac4fcbc1b03e74。”但是具体怎么动、向哪个方向动、用身体的哪个部位动acb9e4a1c13cd126c3efaa2bb26f825c,一概不知道655bd07a88cdde2f75345fc363834fb9d7fc40b4,自己领会7235fcf6744f2b117b1af310f0377b4efa839cb3。而且在历史中8c0352452cdada988ddb42b6c1d78778c935d9aa,这个字也不怎么用ae3a97c8efad9182c5a8ca55b73734aec196055e,在书籍中出现353c9b7ba6bfcf14f42ed97f381adf7ebd406c5b,经常当作“橹”的通假字MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7FlfKq8uL2i。所以721a754df1fdf4bc8884e3b04d0363b2,实际上“撸”字并不是一个历史悠久的字JDU5YzFiMjkzMzVjN2M=,而是一个临时工转正的汉字MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZuP3KnNgaCdq7FlfKu9y8ui。它在漫长的历史中fa24eabac2cce241161b3fe78701a6c5b089cc8f,一直是作为写字者手抖JjU5YzFiMjkzMzVmMjc=,或者民间瞎写的不正规文字存在的MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6NpNCDuazdg4p_q72HhGiwyKGi。在明代学者张自烈编写的字书《正字通》中74b4b1248a7a55d668b51b664f810eb94df5a319,对“撸”字的解释只有两个字:“俗字”40ae78b566878887d343477d3452ea18990dee8b。所谓俗字d1d9cadcf2a0fb1d825ba3a7a3c6c52f22571f96,就是不合规范的汉字ITU5YzFiMjkzM2E3NmY=。作为正字的捍卫者XjU5YzFiMjkzMzYzNjI=,张自烈同志连音都懒得给“撸”注ITU5YzFiMjkzMzY0YzA=,就差标注一个“呸”了KjU5YzFiMjkzM2E4YjU=。 ITU5YzFiMjkzMzE3Y2Y=

cba8083a27beac53de08136fb04809a4

NTljMWIyOTMzMWFlMQ==

●《正字通》康熙时期刻本第四卷影印版41c7bb1bc696b50aff2738c18b9c5ea68ff479f6,手部JjU5YzFiMjkzMzY3NDg=,撸条4b984b07c72b7111bc8afb25b31e6e68db96d7c8。在其他正字密密麻麻的注音、解释中9d34942ecc6cad900583a91ece2a7b0ed4f24e12,显得很孤独XjU5YzFiMjkzMzFjMjY=

b11dc17d3d9c03a9ed95dda1dfcf32a3

不过在明清时代f9c06c75e3694824071639343595680cb266f26f,这个字也出现在小说、著作里JDU5YzFiMjkzM2FiNjQ=。比如明代武学著作《**法选》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtkZuw27mi,在讲解枪法时写道:0f67534da7dc439abf7e6efc610521da

6a78ae555c9a72d5a6dc2351dcb066e3

“用腰力一摆XjU5YzFiMjkzMzZjYTU=,撸开你枪”5821e95659a3069db3ff6640d8bdf187a7ae3ebcMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtgKqxy8ui

JjU5YzFiMjkzMzIyZDM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtgK2wuLGi

3c7734ac7a09e8fdf0c4fa6f2ac5a08f

JDU5YzFiMjkzMzI2Yzc=

再比如大家都知道的《红楼梦》第八十三回MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtkZ29uLWi,大夫给林黛玉把脉60d89ae9ca5d3c76ea61c83bd11c7bd6,“紫鹃又把镯子连袖子轻轻的撸起MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtkaCypcui,不叫压住了脉息f79eb211bdf03dc2b448373f010f1513e70eb1e6。”XjU5YzFiMjkzMzI4MGY=

 32e67a182eb3aee2311ac4f22c9a7a926db02a88

不管是撸你的枪a159be0753ba4b76b5fa15a871ec0513,还是撸起黛玉的袖子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jZuP3KnNgaCdq7Gtmqyw262i,这时候“撸”的意思还是非常严肃纯洁的(好像有哪里不对……)7995a39589cd1d2627ef03bf9052eaa4dfa620f012ebd249861745c1fe079fb03df364d8

 QDU5YzFiMjkzMzJjMGU=

撸字意思的丰富78f3d6fc5e1a0eb86ee4f16d24c7001f727b74b1,其实是靠各地的方言+白话文运动506acb09f0ccd6725b1ef9e7b182a7cbMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtgZ2xtcui

QDU5YzFiMjkzMzJlOTE=

在白话文写作兴起之前54312e310c931b7781d0c4c1edef511fa53ba771,文字和日常语言是脱离的ITU5YzFiMjkzM2IxYzY=。“昨天读了你的信”JTU5YzFiMjkzMzc3NDM=,写下来得是“敬悉大札”NTljMWIyOTMzYjMyMQ==。不光是“撸”、“搞”、“干”这些现在的常用字MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtmmayqLGi,虽然上世纪20、30年代的人也说dbe177dafea0c2970f66bf184a2222a6,但很少以我们熟悉的意思出现在文字书写中1b4efb0feaeff6416c2a687d2abc515f7fafe2c7MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtgZ-9pcui

 027d6f1fedacdfbf95b126b685ae0ad286a9ad76

当白话文写作普及之后JDU5YzFiMjkzMzdiNGI=,写作者们将日常语言写入文字NTljMWIyOTMzN2NhYg==,这时候就遇到了问题5885107fc17b648c2d2f804c834b73c96545beb5bf069afaa6d9a0cf6c79151861058b27

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GthKy8k72i

有些说话的音MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZuP3KnNgaCdq7Gtm529y7mi,并没有严格对应的文字a2ee7abc77509e2d73ce5127f44fe856,就找了个差不多的先凑合写上MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZuP3KnNgaCdq7Gtm6Cypc-i,慢慢约定俗成3dda1c7ae390dd4d4b504736e349f811a42a9ecd,丰富了字的含义fc618d02f3435f87f34b262eb26ca028MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GthK29zrWi

f0b15026c64100c1d35ab38a18dae34033b9c738

比如一些地方b42b68cba5fe77d0d5ad5f05104c168b,把“捋”的意思嫁接给了“撸”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZuP3KnNgaCdq7Gtnq2ypaWi,于是“撸”就有了“用手握着条状物ITU5YzFiMjkzMzg1YzE=,顺着移动、抚摩”的意思MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtnmWwpc-i,并写入了汉字字典2407abf3240de8f28e40222f207ce126362a3c19,也引起了奇怪的联想a4d9807d008a74bcdba5b8a6b98b87efJjU5YzFiMjkzMzM3Nzg=

 NTljMWIyOTMzMzhhNw==

另一些地方6b12ea7d9d858a5b3a0179d6bb14fe27,把“用手掌击打”叫做lu93ceaecec022d102ed52ac08050df31f,写进白话文的时候也给配上了“撸”这个字XjU5YzFiMjkzM2JhNTQ=。还有一些地方ebf98bdbf2a7ea8fdddfcb40a6ca3133,把斥责、批评也叫lu02d8c47971d4b1578983d2136847d404,于是“撸”又有了训斥的含义c677ef0ea530041f5a46fdadf0872f16586b41e1JTU5YzFiMjkzMzM5ZWQ=

 f3faf377bdc34aa404d949d3e2d5b9bac47ec529

一个本来很平淡、没什么故事的俗字“撸”75fa7169b381856d19b5166161af591da9dac135,就这样意义丰满起来JTU5YzFiMjkzM2JjZjQ=。于是猫可撸、串亦可撸636b3b66237237d5bf0f1b41deec8797d0a229af,袖子更要撸MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7FlgZ6xqLmi。大体上JDU5YzFiMjkzMzkyNTQ=,都符合顺着条状物移动、抚摩的意思JjU5YzFiMjkzM2JmYWE=a9ec9fd810abbb92bc79151c24ae339dd2e3fcf6

 bd64d62086f4bf9c7d7f253edbb5a7a1

但其实表示这个动作的正主儿啊MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjZuP3KnNgaCdq7Gtoqy8262i,应该是JjU5YzFiMjkzMzNmNDc=

XjU5YzFiMjkzMzQwODY=

e8dbf69ab6b94bf2d7d29ebfc5f7dcf1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtiKywqK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtiK2xqLWi

感谢有无之境同学提供的脑洞问题83423aa0982857413af35f24bb71ecc8,请在后台或留言中留下“姓名+手机号+地址”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtomS8tbGi,我们有一份足够惊喜的小礼物相送~KjU5YzFiMjkzMzQ1ODU=

d3fa9ce17ab947fc5229fdaf05cad9bb

更多脑洞请向我知砸过来359a6992b7657aa63190334cde88005be0d044c4,在后台提问XjU5YzFiMjkzMzk5YTA=,记得打上#脑洞#标签MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZuP3KnNgaCdq7FlhKqwpc-i1ce29a7314d1ec7dc83794058998853893558e1b

- 姿势互动 -JDU5YzFiMjkzMzQ5NWI=

看完文章MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jZuP3KnNgaCdq7Gtomi9tcui,请用一句话解释“撸”字的无穷深意...MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZuP3KnNgaCdq7GtiGi8ta2i

(拉到文末7cfa9b0f8cae94dad2ed53b6c62eea96,“写留言”告诉我)2de48b0a9a6d6ec946f9f78915a335aa9434b916

a621f1ab1a1a4a2823468735fee3c41c50b836c3

IzU5YzFiMjkzMzRlYTQ=

 

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