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脑洞问答丨“撸”到底是个什么动作?

下面是撸撸更健康编辑奉献的“脑洞问答”KjU4YWNjZDAzMTI5NDE=JjU4YWNjZDAzMDgyNWM=

88cc58f01a9c3a951f3fc149a411af91

IzU4YWNjZDAzMDg1Yjg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZqPubHOjnpzq7F3nmWwqLWi

靠撸猫撸串解压的实习编辑 / 阿呆1e03b3d4d993a5518aa3233a135d1885

撸这个字最初的意思真的吼简单f569af89bc35c81242894109e07a8b9ce1ce9485,最早在金代的一部字典《四声篇海》里e40571547e90bbeef2b92b5b18bafcb7,只给了这么一个解释:“撸06c4a97201de9cb17783cbc19648ced0,动也JjU4YWNjZDAzMTJiMWY=。”但是具体怎么动、向哪个方向动、用身体的哪个部位动229d241f9a04e9cc0b7dbfcd55c9f954c3684972,一概不知道MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6iKywy6mi,自己领会JTU4YWNjZDAzMTJjZGU=。而且在历史中913115779ef544d777febced240132b4,这个字也不怎么用11b26dd98144575093b1be04319b135f6b3f1023,在书籍中出现JTU4YWNjZDAzMGQ3ZTU=,经常当作“橹”的通假字4255441cc8a869e5a1c26cf09c05bcde。所以798365bb8b94c66f2d6f9eeed1c41caf7513d54f,实际上“撸”字并不是一个历史悠久的字KjU4YWNjZDAzMGRiMTY=,而是一个临时工转正的汉字MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jZqPubHOjnpzq7GHgZ-9pa2i。它在漫长的历史中d5dbdc5f8d211eadf28c1add7cece99a5601a36a,一直是作为写字者手抖QDU4YWNjZDAzMGRlYTA=,或者民间瞎写的不正规文字存在的1a66f932504451a91d34863ebc9e004aede81be6。在明代学者张自烈编写的字书《正字通》中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jZqPubHOjnpzq7F6iZ-9y72i,对“撸”字的解释只有两个字:“俗字”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjZqPubHOjnpzq7GHhKy8zrWi。所谓俗字0d03bbf2e0b14796393b71f4c69e2ec4fd3c6a5a,就是不合规范的汉字QDU4YWNjZDAzMTM1YTE=。作为正字的捍卫者b24067d9a78433a8e25efc5c5051e163,张自烈同志连音都懒得给“撸”注798b27dbfde29e5b09e83bf7ddb46039453b8e31,就差标注一个“呸”了ITU4YWNjZDAzMTM3NDE=。 1cf70b0d4358d80451cd437cbf161ab1e935a21a

ITU4YWNjZDAzMDhjOGY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqPubHOjnpzq7F3n529tbGi

●《正字通》康熙时期刻本第四卷影印版KjU4YWNjZDAzMGU2YTE=,手部JDU4YWNjZDAzMGU4MjM=,撸条7e10a85c09ff5488f59b0806245ccbd287579f93。在其他正字密密麻麻的注音、解释中MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6NoM6PlLHPgXp_qL6Hn5uwyKGi,显得很孤独MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqPubHOjnpzq7F3n5-xtcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6NoM6PlLHPgXp_qLOHeKu8yKGi

不过在明清时代2573a8fbe050c9ec49e1971e27efa64f,这个字也出现在小说、著作里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqPubHOjnpzq7GHhGiw27mi。比如明代武学著作《**法选》ITU4YWNjZDAzMGVkMWE=,在讲解枪法时写道:31b7da81d16dc3fbd68e03636188a6613c997a3e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jZqPubHOjnpzq7F3oq2w26Wi

“用腰力一摆XjU4YWNjZDAzMGVlOWY=,撸开你枪”JTU4YWNjZDAzMTNjNmI=JjU4YWNjZDAzMDk1ZjQ=

50ba6cc1557d4b74a6d0d6cfe38b528e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqPubHOjnpzq7F3oma8y8ei

e50bf55d190961db1b879aeed7fa9094

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqPubHOjnpzq7F3o5u8y7mi

再比如大家都知道的《红楼梦》第八十三回5db5d0642e063bb37e2a6ec9f7a6e1e301001949,大夫给林黛玉把脉313eaf61827dd1eb1c6b88f108725e08,“紫鹃又把镯子连袖子轻轻的撸起a85d81d2ee769a79846367c4b3cca05b,不叫压住了脉息MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6NoM6PlLHPgXp_qbFlhZ-9oqGi。”NThhY2NkMDMwOWQ5OA==

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjZqPubHOjnpzq7F3o569uLGi

不管是撸你的枪XjU4YWNjZDAzMGY1MWY=,还是撸起黛玉的袖子499f563ae1e90878bd9c3f8855ead66480b6d680,这时候“撸”的意思还是非常严肃纯洁的(好像有哪里不对……)734f6f8104422aa1c759d546567ebeaf8863df1cJDU4YWNjZDAzMGEwN2I=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6fKq8k62i

撸字意思的丰富MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6kGW9zrGi,其实是靠各地的方言+白话文运动ac0bccda3bef0679f1b0477e970bfd7522ce19d7NThhY2NkMDMwYTNhMw==

debdf2975f83b22b73663a7feffa6349

在白话文写作兴起之前b2be6abcbc2bd23d50840f7e08ed626c,文字和日常语言是脱离的d731d7a0d08cb416a2744211b88b4e1c。“昨天读了你的信”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6kZuxuLGi,写下来得是“敬悉大札”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqPubHOjnpzq7GHiK29tami。不光是“撸”、“搞”、“干”这些现在的常用字29378e06224a49d74524bd48eb1d7d378b18168c,虽然上世纪20、30年代的人也说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6kZ6xy8-i,但很少以我们熟悉的意思出现在文字书写中fa81433b6da0c8376da06ead939476e12138abed230d855b1aa5dfd9aa4184d1

 6146d8cfe9b7d2379f00ae0d8b5ee710e10f3dbf

当白话文写作普及之后c5c021338aa86a39ef073a020125093de2282d0e,写作者们将日常语言写入文字7b44399d350afc7df8caf4f7f781255b,这时候就遇到了问题4df97e1da83f42f5caa1a31286742cd4MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6fGe8tbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6NoM6PlLHPgXp_qL2KfGSxsqGi

有些说话的音IzU4YWNjZDAzMTAzMmI=,并没有严格对应的文字dfc5c5bf9888b4ddae28964ab5ff3bcc0aecffd3,就找了个差不多的先凑合写上512f27abaeb9bf31322f4673ffcf9204f04e7db6,慢慢约定俗成58c49f0f3d4f2a81b2e1748224326abd,丰富了字的含义7fa4759c45de07015a5df7758bef16f1c67794d0bccfcf5361acf262b6ffc00e

192fbe25b3aa509f77c479101f017210

比如一些地方MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZqPubHOjnpzq7GHeGewy62i,把“捋”的意思嫁接给了“撸”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jZqPubHOjnpzq7GHeGi8tb2i,于是“撸”就有了“用手握着条状物JjU4YWNjZDAzMTBjNjQ=,顺着移动、抚摩”的意思786092390604f01a464faf0f9a9be64adad268ab,并写入了汉字字典XjU4YWNjZDAzMTBmZWE=,也引起了奇怪的联想JDU4YWNjZDAzMTRiNDY=e5df0d134f3108d15bda92201bffe8f5

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6gKqxzrWi

另一些地方7e294104f18b5bf03a47a24b082b0e3c,把“用手掌击打”叫做luITU4YWNjZDAzMTEzMDc=,写进白话文的时候也给配上了“撸”这个字02b8db7e16f41571ac5096451251d404c0e3d3da。还有一些地方a833056e768d97ac7df0c2abe7d1289e,把斥责、批评也叫lue62b89e47557965b801fa8a0c0da9abc,于是“撸”又有了训斥的含义1c8a6e87e31d85fbeac46e95e25f4305f54ea855MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6gKu9qL2i

 a97fdfb6a0d8daa878698902609b3fa6

一个本来很平淡、没什么故事的俗字“撸”980c9f12f73038d67b10d69a2a238360179066ac,就这样意义丰满起来ITU4YWNjZDAzMTUwNjM=。于是猫可撸、串亦可撸MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZqPubHOjnpzq7GHfGexuKmi,袖子更要撸b458909e9f2e443345f0ce7ac1eae991。大体上e8effe2ea742c272f916033bb7635f0efa2db64f,都符合顺着条状物移动、抚摩的意思MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqPubHOjnpzq7GHjKyxqLWi14cf5b30ab62611ba804b224b4ae6cc8

 c2c09f1d69aaeb69e1600f7431e0aea51168dfd0

但其实表示这个动作的正主儿啊ddf7831715b7ac9620fbd0fb1e195986,应该是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6gGextbGi

KjU4YWNjZDAzMGJiMmM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6gZyxk7Gi

ed1123ed31371e462e9f6b29f6f02494

a172896abeebe838303701a679f6bfca6a216aa7

感谢有无之境同学提供的脑洞问题fda5a6b0fb5b5310184b24de76d10c19,请在后台或留言中留下“姓名+手机号+地址”6bf893ddd1de0f92f5f7d7e4048d4b7575720df9,我们有一份足够惊喜的小礼物相送~33549c0c55999bb1fdc0d3d101f948b8

06d45f5ad0c174342536685cdabd9ac94ea0a3ed

更多脑洞请向我知砸过来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjZqPubHOjnpzq7GHgKuwy8-i,在后台提问NThhY2NkMDMxMjQ1Yw==,记得打上#脑洞#标签2367da5b226f8abc85bb4a159740dc52MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6hK2wpa2i

- 姿势互动 -MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6hGOx27mi

看完文章f0abeb07ca27dea29327751b0e046536311dd259,请用一句话解释“撸”字的无穷深意...MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jZqPubHOjnpzq7F6hGS9tbWi

(拉到文末IzU4YWNjZDAzMTI3OTI=,“写留言”告诉我)5f31f00bb70e23faac1c48fc07243a42d6c15bb0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6hGe8y6Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZqPubHOjnpzq7F6hZuwy6mi

 

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