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脑洞问答丨“撸”到底是个什么动作?

下面是撸撸更健康编辑奉献的“脑洞问答”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jZqElLXNjn13YrF3gZ2xqLGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KhZ-w28ui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KhaC8k7Gi

0678f84181e8190505348b92aa7ccfc4a879c554

fc24ace1fdd706273d478757c4a631b0d01ae13c

靠撸猫撸串解压的实习编辑 / 阿呆QDU4N2RiZGE0ZWQ1YTk=

撸这个字最初的意思真的吼简单MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jZqElLXNjn13Yb6dfGSwpbGi,最早在金代的一部字典《四声篇海》里e63bacb4394eb9ae756c419260bcfc1f,只给了这么一个解释:“撸MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqElLXNjn13Yb6dfGewtbWi,动也XjU4N2RiZGE1MDJmNDY=。”但是具体怎么动、向哪个方向动、用身体的哪个部位动QDU4N2RiZGE0ZjFhY2I=,一概不知道1acbe3f761665b79ccdb05169cd26112b362f677,自己领会01fd82f359fe84dd6a468899f79f97bda5d9e771。而且在历史中MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Nn5mQqa3PjYqEnrGKhZ6yoqGi,这个字也不怎么用JDU4N2RiZGE0ZjFmNzE=,在书籍中出现8939263005a97a82d8552b649527c0dc,经常当作“橹”的通假字72ce0f64b1ac587b495ae33e15ac6b3a0b694233。所以MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZqElLXNjn13Yb6dgKuypcei,实际上“撸”字并不是一个历史悠久的字MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZqElLXNjn13Yb6dgKy9zq2i,而是一个临时工转正的汉字MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZqElLXNjn13YrF3hK2wpcui。它在漫长的历史中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZqElLXNjn13Yb6dgGOxy8-i,一直是作为写字者手抖JTU4N2RiZGE0ZjI2Zjc=,或者民间瞎写的不正规文字存在的5af2882eb32cde546b096bc993ac5fedce55a893。在明代学者张自烈编写的字书《正字通》中b87fb657caad495f382900a1a31a014a,对“撸”字的解释只有两个字:“俗字”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjZqElLXNjn13YrF3hGWwuKmi。所谓俗字MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZqElLXNjn13Yb6dgGiwpcei,就是不合规范的汉字05ae26c10b51a081cee9690a8312fb5f。作为正字的捍卫者XjU4N2RiZGE0ZjJjMDU=,张自烈同志连音都懒得给“撸”注3bdead40f398a1d9e88967e499b23459,就差标注一个“呸”了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZqElLXNjn13YrF3hGiwzq2i。 9d28a0b1b6c8433a0ff540d6decec86475d64cf9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KiGaxy7Wi

JjU4N2RiZGE0ZWQ5ZTc=

●《正字通》康熙时期刻本第四卷影印版MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jZqElLXNjn13Yb6dgZ69qK2i,手部JTU4N2RiZGE0ZjMwZDA=,撸条MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqElLXNjn13YrF3hZu8y7Gi。在其他正字密密麻麻的注音、解释中MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Nn5mQqa3PjYqEnrGtfGOxyKGi,显得很孤独00030f88cfba7f09994290e9bdf36a27

ff06caa6628b35b6b23ab4c9fc4840a9

不过在明清时代JDU4N2RiZGE0ZjMzZjA=,这个字也出现在小说、著作里dd01275d54de569f0c2649fd42ac65f857cd6d59。比如明代武学著作《**法选》bbd27e29e472ade91a73c79168d215dfc06429e0,在讲解枪法时写道:8791c8c311dd057c0172abd6d7a236c478444490

JTU4N2RiZGE0ZWUwMTU=

“用腰力一摆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjZqElLXNjn13Yb6dhGS9tb2i,撸开你枪”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqElLXNjn13YrF3hZ69pa2i32ab5f998d5f1eafec282ee775e704786cb899d5

d417c205fa44e3029bdddec06448053a

ITU4N2RiZGE0ZWU0M2E=

41834fbc197926b93effb58348e25d04370ee962

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KjGS9y6mi

再比如大家都知道的《红楼梦》第八十三回JTU4N2RiZGE0ZjM4YzU=,大夫给林黛玉把脉MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqElLXNjn13Yb6dhGiwtcui,“紫鹃又把镯子连袖子轻轻的撸起QDU4N2RiZGE0ZjNiYzk=,不叫压住了脉息KjU4N2RiZGE1MDQwOTM=。”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KjGaypcui

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KjGe9y7Gi

不管是撸你的枪a5dd1b2d3103529fe2bea4a44b2f736900405118,还是撸起黛玉的袖子d686bab4e68dc16a47f79d41c113366e,这时候“撸”的意思还是非常严肃纯洁的(好像有哪里不对……)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jZqElLXNjn13YrF3iKq9tbWiITU4N2RiZGE0ZWViYTM=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KjZy9y6mi

撸字意思的丰富6306e9fa8cabfb017b3452fec7f369076f866c86,其实是靠各地的方言+白话文运动073b88ec74d4d64d5b69503862f23f75JjU4N2RiZGE0ZWVlOWQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KjZ-9uLWi

在白话文写作兴起之前41918df9c94bccf34513c0b36a5c178e511920ea,文字和日常语言是脱离的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZqElLXNjn13YrF3iK29y7mi。“昨天读了你的信”0ac295dbf005536e89aa176eedc516fa,写下来得是“敬悉大札”f5235e563ec9385b32c404eb5ee012ad。不光是“撸”、“搞”、“干”这些现在的常用字6e894b2ebfd18dd358e86b602263e190,虽然上世纪20、30年代的人也说JTU4N2RiZGE1MDA0Zjc=,但很少以我们熟悉的意思出现在文字书写中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqElLXNjn13YrF3iGaw28uiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KkKqxtc-i

 adaee0224621d479b6cd43b027c8d2a3

当白话文写作普及之后NTg3ZGJkYTUwMDZhNQ==,写作者们将日常语言写入文字c93082e9a969e3983d26095f1875b148c09cfdd5,这时候就遇到了问题MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Nn5mQqa3PjYqHqLJ3n5-8sqGiaad9190e1e3e14094b67b75f9efb8d69

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KkGO8tami

有些说话的音b4bb5f1358f61e006b18412a51aa8b35,并没有严格对应的文字cea0ac291e0cc9206d20fc6b77c9324ff4a49e65,就找了个差不多的先凑合写上ITU4N2RiZGE1MDBjYTE=,慢慢约定俗成34ba0e59a9e3c317e94ad3e07ab6e4d226355973,丰富了字的含义2c03a29224dcdadc4976ae9ade7ed241JjU4N2RiZGE0ZWY3MjM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KkGax26mi

比如一些地方MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjZqElLXNjn13YrF3eZ-xtc-i,把“捋”的意思嫁接给了“撸”b0c5f5b6be0bcb0837f971dfca8051ed8ba55af7,于是“撸”就有了“用手握着条状物f705a604eb3741e7c00172ede1a152ada915a372,顺着移动、抚摩”的意思MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZqElLXNjn13YrF3fKy9y7mi,并写入了汉字字典ceedc0d8f735cf614ee74c365fe52625,也引起了奇怪的联想MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjZqElLXNjn13YrF3iZy9tbGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjZqElLXNjn13Yb6KkGe9qKmi

 f04dd2af6ec14bba39d01002811e6049d990f56f

另一些地方66e0bfe70d2da410b1fd305c4da03a0b,把“用手掌击打”叫做luad0e1c5d983059fec2eb4f05bb116e71affb933b,写进白话文的时候也给配上了“撸”这个字14d477a5e745f5acd7472368c06849e4。还有一些地方ca83997a7762bea3efd433663ad363b80f214e5b,把斥责、批评也叫luNTg3ZGJkYTUwMWMzNQ==,于是“撸”又有了训斥的含义MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jZqElLXNjn13YrF3iZ-9y8ui1498ff0d211227cc7db9ed1018b31eca1c77802f

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jZqElLXNjn13Yb6KkZ6wtb2i

一个本来很平淡、没什么故事的俗字“撸”80b691b39a0f8af2d50bd8e1f00855068ee40e59,就这样意义丰满起来ITU4N2RiZGE1MDUxZTM=。于是猫可撸、串亦可撸IzU4N2RiZGE1MDFmNWU=,袖子更要撸MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjZqElLXNjn13YrF3jKyw28ei。大体上55d8f16ee4632bc245d2887670c56606f1c2a0b4,都符合顺着条状物移动、抚摩的意思ba188306cb45ee27f20de4732d606480d490f830e07c66553621372bd6a77a83

 fb36bfcace738b14df6cdac1ad2303dd

但其实表示这个动作的正主儿啊MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjZqElLXNjn13YrF3gKuwk62i,应该是XjU4N2RiZGE0ZjAyZGU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjZqElLXNjn13Yb6deK2wzrGi

687b3beeca99b926341e651ba4e8e555

e04fe1cc09ec2b745b9304d8c9a23de7aef9ce69

72900288aae0847ccc4a74c3c2e0e121

感谢有无之境同学提供的脑洞问题6cd9de5904e1a715374587c49f08fabadc957ed0,请在后台或留言中留下“姓名+手机号+地址”JTU4N2RiZGE1MDI1ODQ=,我们有一份足够惊喜的小礼物相送~JTU4N2RiZGE0ZjBhNjU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjZqElLXNjn13Yb6deZu8y7mi

更多脑洞请向我知砸过来MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jZqElLXNjn13YrF3gGS9pbmi,在后台提问1cd50ea33154a05cfb28aadb65a1fe1b17284d55,记得打上#脑洞#标签a191410f9021290a649025c40822fadc60c2fba7347a2095296f16e584848882088a0919

- 姿势互动 -fa29ce426e29f9080027b1956797d158daa78aa9

看完文章6965deceecf807a12fdea814d78a4f51451c1222,请用一句话解释“撸”字的无穷深意...612f17b6d52850f1f9504cd2b798eff3

(拉到文末IzU4N2RiZGE1MDJiZDY=,“写留言”告诉我)486a50c750563206953b44bddbc35ed8e678a9d9

KjU4N2RiZGE0ZjEzMTI=

c3ce71a7c96c208c3cb266fb1789afd4

 

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