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好险!中国人差一点就废除春节了

大伙是不是常有这样的体验:元旦了1fc0a1c135b6599c3486552e14d05de6f978b585,“新年快乐!”;春节了JDViMDIxOTY5NWM1ODQ=,还可以“新年快乐!”我们习惯了一年祝福两次新年ITViMDIxOTY5NWM2ZmI=,不过即将到来的隆重春节MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiZgqCdYr2tmmSx2KGi,却差一点就彻底跟中国人说再见了f18752631a7e9bcb1201e200ac859d44860b21c5。一劳永逸解决春运问题的机会MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKhGe828ei,是怎么跟中国人失之交臂的呢?95f69d52c7843f5da3d7fe9dcba303fa

接下来你将看到:161aad1b4037f28d005e399e299584840fd3c33e

153c5f4891ddcc027b65357a175ab51a

    ● 一岁过两年586a0cba4a44b25803b483081b0e3007b4710f48,初始官民相安无事fb56a757bb35f7b06d4169bafa5d7cdb

    ● 读书人说春节陋习多KjViMDIxOTY5NWNjZTg=,该废bdeb3a80cee8cafbc42c6d6e250accf59e3fd237

    ● 说干就干!国民政府废掉春节MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKhZ6w28ei,可是失败了MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiZgqCdYb56jGO8sqGi

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrJ6iaC8uK2i

觉得春节很好干嘛要废的值班编辑 / 老梁JDViMDIxOTY5NGUyMzQ=

XjViMDIxOTY5NGUzODc=

27ad02ed5ab9b41476ebfd38cadce3b8

a538474374855b36128bd2066adbb339ebe6cd78

XjViMDIxOTY5NGU4NTk=

d624dca593131fa9c8489f8b8fe59203

QDViMDIxOTY5NGViMDk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrJ6jZyxtbmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrJ6jZ28zr2i

f49e6f0ba01d85cef418c7a729d5d9ce5cde6aaf

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrJ6kKqyqKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrJ6kKu9y8ui

一岁过两年f7afb4f4094db19d44cac4d2bfab9cc1,初始官民相安无事76213b2e8d4491dae38dda0eb30b3379

-+-a3dfc65cd9dda81be68ffabaee21e409

553b8c68a907b9ec285f0de5a523b523

孙中山一定没想到5131c9a571292c91c4a71580f90fd57982dd8709,当他就任南京临时大总统、宣布中华民国改用阳历的时候67f0f2c34aa8dc707cda9faeddc1cc67,会给中国老百姓的生活带来这么大的影响MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKgiGWw26mibe5137e9f61831963665b85ed6e940874ee0df91

IzViMDIxOTY5NGZhNGU=

JjViMDIxOTY5NGZiYzY=

KjViMDIxOTY5NGZkNGE=

● 1912年元旦孙中山在南京宣誓就任临时大总统ITViMDIxOTY5NGZlZDM=

505fea3458893e6b0d68cdec924e0603

那是1912年1月1日923d5b5ff8840087388a611a2223ffd2305aef1e。按照临时政府的纪年IzViMDIxOTY5NWQ0NTY=,时为中华民国元旦485e58ccc040974cf3524a46666c1bdccf051a2b。“元旦”的称呼MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiZgqCdYr53iZywoqGi,按老黄历来说c0652dfb761713f0f1b3b9179e54c178,本是新年的开端IzViMDIxOTY5NmRiNmE=。新年要搞点新气象MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKiGa8taWi,革命的政府也不能免俗啊!不过彼时政府公务繁忙4ed23f5359795e7015e9e9cf04311c76,时间仓促56638038111ae876f8a5058b9b981996,给全国人民发了一个迟到的福利包说c7751f94a59b4a451afc33da0fe31e63,“订定于阳历正月十五日86bf4bdc58f033714d286eea8df1b48eb0d5f09a,补祝新年”7dcefb6f109fabae117b10c75a175d43MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHeKq8y7Wi

7453cfb4cc307da352482a516af82e2c

民国的新年干什么呢?放假、升旗f33d0dc05f0a8c12e638b6325c06693be62f8d0d,一个都不能少fc6fdceee80cd50abeffb0a72c0b7e02。有书记载说:2ad555f74be917da3fc40532f01c0abd

0cbe2c17e2e1de384358079df09e6a95

“所有各衙、署、局、所、学堂、商店以及各项团体6885633c4b2948a425b4b677ed50e8d7a5621840,于是日一律悬旗MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKjKyxy8ui,衙、署、局、所停止办公242489f3936db75e1afc659445241ec0,学堂停止上课各一天MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKjGSxzrWi,藉伸庆祝”KjViMDIxOTY5NmUwMDE=JDViMDIxOTY5NTA3ZWI=

109f1747b884ef5c3b6398ad2c4cda23

JDViMDIxOTY5NTBiZTE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHeZ2w262i

● 1912年1月2日的《申报》6618f91e56fa2758ab531e857d5abb28dff5ffe9

6b32d628c0232a102d31f52496bd600970898aca

补过新年、且显得有些寒碜的庆祝方式a447b7df2ac5569faf8ded468f7f42bd,大概在民国史上只发生了这么一次JjViMDIxOTY5NmUxNzE=。第二年73593790dadaa196ee33569576b86eeb001aa573,也就是政府北迁、袁世凯执政的时候NWIwMjE5Njk1ZWI3ZQ==,氛围也就热烈多了QDViMDIxOTY5NmUyZTM=2fc394fda310ed1e119029eb5022a0a0

QDViMDIxOTY5NTEyYjQ=

报纸上说:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHfK2wqKmi

d247bd3bfcfd63ad3302d9f17a0b47d0

“官场之庆贺元旦者XjViMDIxOTY5NWVjZjM=,北京自总统府国务院以下2b80527b4eec2d29027dcb06e34f468a38ae1d87,外省自都督府民政府以下f0efebf064bb650b87ec7c462736f8ae,相与悬旗结彩MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKkKqxk7mi,脱帽鞠躬82fe91286524fc3ddfaf24f179b6f4fae8a29c35,欢呼‘民国万岁’者MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKkK2ypcei,何等兴高采烈!……大总统对于开国元勋f5255720848812525a2cbd3cd75ec978,必有加恩命令4b662b74cdeb69d9c1c13d961ef6705c26b6bd9d,或则优赏389df9ba65b35e48949694188a947dc8,或则晋封1eb7cb959427b59d2c37516cae9062d1,以粉饰此元旦纪念大典IzViMDIxOTY5NmU0NTc=。”IzViMDIxOTY5NTE2ZDI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHfGawuL2i

也就是说a3e7b14158184bd241e69640bed4b3abd6306784,元旦把过新年和纪念民国成立一锅烩了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKgjGO8tcei99dfb2add2a557e85cdcebc4d9c1f40d2a0c0442

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHfGi8k7Gi

民国新年在元旦MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKkZ29uLWi,对于旧历(或称阴历、夏历、农历、阴阳合历)中的新年“元旦”又该如何?JDViMDIxOTY5NTFjMzA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHfZ2xk7Gi

政府还算人性化ITViMDIxOTY5NWZmYjA=,讲究“新旧二历并存”00416f77ef821b03c52f357e414873a3,袁世凯同意将“阴历元旦改为春节”bf28ade666c9258380ad007e14f26a5b。积习难除QDViMDIxOTY5NjAyYjk=,老百姓想的念的盼的望的新年JTViMDIxOTY5NjA0NDA=,称呼一变而为春节!NWIwMjE5Njk1MWVmYw==

720c1ebda58ee937db0236951ce040c51d0c0b14

结果XjViMDIxOTY5NjA1ZWY=,民国创造的奇迹是2657010309c408fdd75e8f2e0431a056,历史上出了两个新年6819f5f3ccc623630a796b53192a4f7056794325f605678ea8f2152c4d4550db340fc114

IzViMDIxOTY5NTIzMzY=

有报道说:“官厅贺喜MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiZgqCdY7F3m568sqGi,街市悬旗26350db948db37bb60f37d38f38b610f,此新新年之气象也bc963adfea0380e74d980a418fdf80d267969df0。千家爆竹QDViMDIxOTY5NjBjMjk=,万户桃符05d9ce7ee312df7331f7b697223859725a7bbb6a,此旧新年之景色也”JjViMDIxOTY5NmViOTU=0daac94901067bec074c0ea29c0956e3

XjViMDIxOTY5NTI1ZjM=

又有说:IzViMDIxOTY5NTI3NTU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHgGa8ta2i

“夫过新年何足奇?所奇者一月中而过两新年耳aa236678f9382d79f0b153a29c06bca45ca6bffa。然官样之新年MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdeZ-wzr2i,方瞥眼而去JTViMDIxOTY5NjEwZjU=,民俗之新年MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdfKuxqK2i,又继武而来MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdfKy9y7Gi,亦未始非日新又日新新新不已之象26350ba385afe66fd24d825073c51f8d。”XjViMDIxOTY5NTJhMGI=

d3b306e369c5d3b21a21e85bc6489af9

史家总结了时人眼中两者对峙的状态:“民国新年”VS“国民新年”、“新新年”VS“”旧新年、“官派新年”VS“民俗新年”、“官家之年”VS“百姓之年”2258f5a1d2541dc18c257db598ee5161。有好事者还写段子讽刺说:c7fe4bce36aadaa1bcccd306138983eab5e6f71e

NWIwMjE5Njk1MmU0Yg==

“男女平权KjViMDIxOTY5NjE1YmQ=,公说公有理KjViMDIxOTY5NjE3NDc=,婆说婆有理;阴阳合历MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdfGayuLmi,你过你的年6e645bfb44ddd317564a75afd93430c2,我过我的年57270e0da126fa04d10888f354f6317d1b266048。”JTViMDIxOTY5NTJmYTQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHgaC9y6mi

XjViMDIxOTY5NTMyNWI=

6189eacc07b74df0e9b6bb5396535aaf

● 1917年1月27日《申报》宝罗制药公司庆祝新年春节广告aa4f4996dacbbd95eb554a68dfa75c1a41875f66

NWIwMjE5Njk1MzZhNg==

对于大伙而言42b2dd8f92f3c5ed1f85f7a0825f67b6,多出来一个阳历元旦6499385b9253508be686eef93a417559f8b0aedb,尽管怎么称呼还是个麻烦事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdfZ6826mi,不过能休假数天MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiZgqCdY7GKkGWx2KGi,毕竟不是坏事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKgkKu9qK2i。两个新年节日逐一过遍QDViMDIxOTY5NjIyMjk=,一时倒也相安无事MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKgkK2wy7mi7e84a70e7dd8e802f899e56d89184f8458cabf8f

744c5b1c1dddcc787cb4305d9fea55c74cfd49f1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHhGi8uLGi

KjViMDIxOTY5NTNjMjM=

● 1920年1月3日《申报》银行、公司庆祝新年元旦广告7e087f7735c6530ea7e904132abdf52cf4c62947

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHhZ69pami

c2372e5dcefffe6ce0d1c307b86fe77912c29373

读书人说春节陋习多KjViMDIxOTY5NjIzYjg=,该废df83ca6664299c4d7fe576c4eadec621

-+-MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHiKywqL2i

JDViMDIxOTY5NTQ0OGU=

不幸的是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdgGOwtaWi,春节的命运同那时旧中国的大环境息息相关6579833f36fe8f659444f8e4ee9e9ff1050d51948ee9cf00a60fb0d30aea28e6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiZgqCdYrJ3kGSx2KGi

我们先来说说阴阳历问题7fa9eb4ee94967587b10a49e96551d59。民国初年采阳而不废阴QDViMDIxOTY5NjI2ZTQ=,必然会造成历法使用上的“二元社会”格局d4feb6bf8bf668d7dc7026f2b0499aca42f9320f。也就是说51560374ce6e2f6741f7914ac3f1db23,社会上层包括机关、学校、团体和报馆主要用阳历7f09bdcffde1686c0f14b85f73552d58,下层民众包括商家、一般市民与广大农民主要用阴历MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKgkGe8tb2i。就整个社会来说IzViMDIxOTY5NjJiOWY=,阴历为主、阳历为点缀JTViMDIxOTY5NmZiMTg=5b338365b68f2588f796cff2fc4ac169

QDViMDIxOTY5NTRhNjk=

孙中山改用阳历30eda9beca9b2e9e3241735b67973867,本意是开新QDViMDIxOTY5NmZjNmU=。然而在民初的十多年间ce191356fbd413bf6888a9e535ba5924212e021b,先后有袁世凯复辟、张勋复辟e37beca310a82043deadac57177560a4,不仅民国纪年几经更张JTViMDIxOTY5NjMxZmU=,更有阳历遭废的厄运fec15ea02553a129eec3634878f478e4d3775d29。1926年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdhKyxtbmi,北京政府实际最高领导人张作霖又以薪水为诱饵9f7faa774d9fdfd8c90f504d8332eed2d933c467,让中央观象台编制附载有迷信内容的旧历书《通俗历书》64fd2ec161c7708d11f00422f7f92f29。同年发行的《中华民国十六年阴阳合历通书》又将吴佩孚、张作霖、段祺瑞、孙传芳等一干北洋系首领49eb2fba87c5fceccdb46dbbc6221edad3c5e685,列入“民国伟人图”4e7bbf9a25a1da54a83cac7a1e9095730503c04b7dcbaf55d7e633b07545919f02d3aae0

JDViMDIxOTY5NTRkMjA=

ab2d65533359d40bb5aa0e57fbea3b0f

 如此种种503b16be8c8fc3c7b22edb4e9cb269b3,加重了一部分知识分子对阴历厌弃的观感ITViMDIxOTY5NzAxZTY=。他们把阴历称为“废历”JjViMDIxOTY5NjM5ZGQ=,甚至将还在使用“废历”的人0adb11a5bbd1e3bdb90aff70bfa74097,称为民国的叛贼、顽固不化的遗老遗少ec7eb012235df63f932ac702a33f8f715a4fd549eb16a95638a5289bbadd58a1f7fb935933f11e6f

JDViMDIxOTY5NTUxNTc=

再来说春节JTViMDIxOTY5NjNjZjA=,它也背负了自身的“原罪”5e3e238acb605791ba7c69e4b81470becd71cd0dMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHjKu8tc-i

ITViMDIxOTY5NTU0MzY=

受新文化运动的影响MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdhZ6xpb2i,春节中的习俗也被拉出来拷打f1d4e3e9ae5d6e21fe113c781ceccfff。诸如祭神、送年礼、压岁钱、燃放鞭炮、娱乐赌博之类MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdhZ-828-i,无一不受到时人的批判JDViMDIxOTY5NzA3NTU=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHjGOypcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHjGS9y62i

例如迎财神cd8bf59fc279c2707a58e5de4d7f121bbd1f38d3,有人说:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHjGax26Wi

3103c3201354930281a037433e03d43e6873d452

“此所谓神77eb557ffa56870e77be722986ec3c4138ce2423,近于魔鬼eb9e40a827a697578f07cd287d732dbb,此所谓祭JDViMDIxOTY5NjQ2MGQ=,近于行贱JjViMDIxOTY5NzA4YzU=。姑无论于迷信89ed213d892c477d0fdcd298baf6a3716bba5bbb,其居心之猥鄙MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdiGa9y7Gi,已不可问矣”e191b1d03f9c3c5d38a18ec7ab35c192,这样搞ITViMDIxOTY5NjRjMDE=,只会一方面“养成恶劣思想”e8811dc89e85d82e87542d760e2b377d946d8054,另一方面“表现民性愚劣”205de08ec0edd528477f0a1e9e3f29b3,让洋人听了e248d1a648f3a81d4ca13d9c576c5fbfd064a046,“岂有不讶为愚狂传为笑谈者哉?”(《打破迎财神之迷信》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdjKqypbmi,载《申报》11a9da09bc643e2416427f1abbb0d628d6b2f79f,1921-2-3)85d989de9c5a04541347ae9ae3be1bf7NWIwMjE5Njk1NWI4Yw==

34800147fcaf0a21ff21670b4547815f

再如新年红包MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdjK2x26Wi,彼时的报纸这样说140d3ef971eac4d46079468000d432e6063796f6,长辈给晚辈的压岁钱有五大害处:55445cbba96509f2fefaf572d3c251dd247af3a1

b00aab1b8f5cc229e40524c3d4e5c506e82991a6

    1_“养成小儿卑鄙嗜利之性质”;MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHkKqxpbGi

    2_“养成一种挥霍性1c71a03dd18485a99cacf9f41f997ee7,长大时亦不知节省”;91a61a9ee1a9c496c4d3f702c2cafd541dd50ab1

    3_小孩子有余钱后乱买零食2653c847fe3351919b7b34aee217a8e7,一时误食不干净食品会生病;f3b90e0f454fa8305874c1d05e2ea296

    4_乱买零食IzViMDIxOTY5NjVhNDA=,导致吃饭不规律fa1b734d972e8102b692cb4874b81cbe,“有伤胃部”;1f6ebc9c5a7c03a797ca0ec3392fc613

    5_小孩子把玩铜钱JTViMDIxOTY5NjVjZWU=,有误食入肚的危险02dd19580f170b761847d8c58d7b63a3983879811d178cae92301ddc081bdea8140df672

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHkGax26mi

JDViMDIxOTY5NTY5ZjA=

ed8eabc0b43cd4d485cb2e262e5195240c35d8c7

● 1922年2月2日《申报》86626e261b9cb74bf72dc301beb91102dd0b62f0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHkZ6wk6mi

还有赌博1e05bc77497b3b8a07ca0b947e24e0fe1ca1a07f,“旧历新年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdjZ-8k7Wi,莫盛乎赌”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiZgqCdZLF6gZ-woqGi。时人说:75c5c25666a66d4abf3e5fed0985ba5c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHmqqwuL2i

“良家子弟安分店伙之因旧历新年赌博之故XjViMDIxOTY5NjYxNWI=,失业者有之7ad782a77a2ef9d35c7cf2a49b9580e0,游荡者有之JjViMDIxOTY5NjY0MzU=,破家者有之45e30e8523951118982b5a83c99d7ade,其流毒殆有不可胜言者矣5c2f33302e0d3d0b5d545a7f55207a9c。”(《严禁赌博》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdkGS9zr2i,载《申报》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdkGaxy8-i,1921-2-3)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHmquyqLGi

f4c2e0a44e0c08bdb2fea2e27724449b

在改革家的眼里IzViMDIxOTY5NjY5ZjU=,阴历是有问题的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdkZuxpcei,附之其上的春节也是有问题的1f212c284dc0967654bc0ab6ef81635e2aa3db1c。更有甚者MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdkZy8k62i,有人将阴历新年比作军阀XjViMDIxOTY5NjZlNDk=,认为废除了它27dffe77206dbfc62266def204f579925bc7b849,就如同打倒军阀一般NWIwMjE5Njk2NzEyNQ==,“则拨阴云惨雾而见青天白日”XjViMDIxOTY5NzExMTI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHmmOxy8ui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHmmS9qLmi

新文化运动的主将之一陈独秀还说:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHmmaxpc-i

4eb37226a7de355c699d4f826dd4e934

“中国的旧历新年MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdmqux28ei,没有丝毫历史上纪念的意义MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdmqy9tc-i,全国人竟有十余日事实上的休息MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdmmOxuL2i,各社会一切停顿MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdmmWwpa2i,真是世界上一件怪事008a09735923d04878d3622586e4105e。”18ec1a60d03c963bfe5c9e13fa87cb1a

NWIwMjE5Njk1N2NlYw==

XjViMDIxOTY5NTdlNjQ=

e7a96ba1c60256c49afd241ce21b4415

● 陈独秀d799c2bc40cca2b56ac54cdd82ab21300fce1a8a

 QDViMDIxOTY5NTgyYWY=

dbe40af681024cde21b11a4fe0b72d75b55d51b3

说干就干!国民政府废掉春节KjViMDIxOTY5Njc4YWE=,可是失败了a4a27353d0cb3541f1e6a1d18bbc7934

-+-QDViMDIxOTY5NTg3NTU=

ccd8ce2d7fdd3fb838b73cc1ece1c350

别看改革者们嘴炮打得那么响MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdmme9zrGi,说要批判、要废除啥的bdecde0baed7f88119131876d03d5d57,真到过春节那会儿ITViMDIxOTY5NjdkMDA=,大多数还是该过得过ITViMDIxOTY5NzEzZWU=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHnmiw26mi

JTViMDIxOTY5NThjMDk=

有报纸讲了这么件事:社会教育团的讲演员周少英ae73b1a9e13a9cfa7565dd8837acdc23,在街头演讲劝导大伙不要过阴历的新年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKtfGOxpaWi。然而等到他工作结束回到家时MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdm5-8zq2i,“放下小旗子接过猪头腊肉”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiZgqCdY7N3eK29yKGi,依旧要进行过年的准备b7bdf6f6fe155b8e4eaf8ffa80e7fac2d73db86c。这哥们心里头还嘀咕道972d2ef0c65bfad84e62295c1988a176,“我亦未能免俗耳”ae91a75bd8f5f7e06ad500401aadb30a036ccd27。(廖国芳:《过年》d21205191a447921dca627dae0ce5f88,载《申报》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdnmOyqLWi,1928-1-28)69e253d7f5afb8d6d4047b9571e58fe8

NWIwMjE5Njk1OGYyMw==

还是南京国民政府有情怀37eb59e195bfc5e4dfa777e68f6dcfa4,也有力量ITViMDIxOTY5NzE5NmY=。在打倒北洋系主导的北京政府、成立新政府之际MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdnmaypbWi,“改正朔”便成了一等一的大事NWIwMjE5Njk3MWFlNQ==44a90b60fd439013a458b619cde8dac0

c6aafa099b6f23a3a461a754b5c32c56

它宣称:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHoqyytaWi

a4836cf5a03834ed7b49d0e065d4072a724ac96b

“新旧历并用MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdnmiwpbmi,是军阀假共和名行专制实的一种象征NWIwMjE5Njk2OGI5Ng==,彻底革命71a4242cb8ad3db7868544bd59ea68572f682de0,非实行国历废除旧历不可d902a8b28625126b6ea3f6756aa9d63050f6b338。”(汝驹:《告奉行国历者》8e885dd5b1d77b7894869f6a6eb446d4,载《广州民国日报》03281e514ca75dc3fd48eed9a67c297a,1929-12-25)MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHomS8tami

68fcb8738c62a6bf1a40380da4cff289

也就是说JjViMDIxOTY5NjkxNTk=,彻底废除旧历IzViMDIxOTY5NjkyYzU=,定阳历为国历IzViMDIxOTY5Njk0NDY=,国民政府便有了标榜革命、以示正统的合法性MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKtfZ2yqL2i。从20世纪20年代末到30年代初NWIwMjE5Njk2OTVjOQ==,一场史称的“国历运动”(或“废历运动”)便在神州大地如火如荼地开展起来MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKtfZ69y7miMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHome8tbWi

5c8629fe4d657ede31fb169808557780

JDViMDIxOTY5NTlkMGU=

d167961c4026b830280609ded3f3829a439dee82

● 1930年1月16日《申报》影戏广告MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKHo5-9tcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiZgqCdYr2HeGS9sqGi

政府对付春节的法子相当简单粗暴:旧历新年不放假7eb1eafaf2f1cab67b6acc1ce7973031,或者少放假;“废历新年放假日数及废历新年前后所沿用之各种礼仪娱乐点缀65a21dbd1de8e00bd736658180deacad9b019013,如贺年、团拜、祀祖、春宴、观灯、扎采、贴春联等一律移置于国历新年前后举行”5271ecf666ed16d63fdfc6172c336359MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiZgqCdYr2HfaCx2KGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKfK2xk62i

对于不遵守规定的2f24efe36026cb0c8014157625a2dd7c5489c900,罚款呗!例如1930年2月9日《申报》报道说ba74dc8d919cce152bf30c4212f2f663,上海有居民在家迎财神QDViMDIxOTY5NjlkMTc=,被警察拘了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKdo56xy8-i,不仅没收供品QDViMDIxOTY5NjlmZjM=,“再因为他有钱做这种靡费无益的举动87ecc95b76017a520a059c8d0ccc1705,又罚他十四块钱”IzViMDIxOTY5NzIxY2E=78025533f327fa42a5a818492c50173e895ce84b

JjViMDIxOTY5NWE4N2E=

a84f51c194a7e264fdbfa2db1eaac7e6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKfZuxzqmi

● 《废历的前途》XjViMDIxOTY5NmEyYzk=,载《时事月报》6679c1bdd25da7083767ca30163d5af0,1931年第4卷第1期;图中有“废历”、“残废收容所”字样e87bfcf53e8938eec9835b77e66766ff82e07aa1

7167f4135d3a58fec6a9df1f30e1b1ceb48a03d4

对于元旦bc4878c602c22bf6bb32a2452d19a0de,政府又是另一番面孔JTViMDIxOTY5NzIzM2Y=。1931年上海新年庆典MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKgfGWwtc-i,国民党组织当地成立国历新年筹备委员会7a253ff5be9fb94afc2e1e52335362f2。筹委会干啥事呢?印了春联一万六千幅IzViMDIxOTY5NmE4YWU=,分送各商店和住户;又在各交通要道搭设电灯牌楼ca8324d89df20f8172d1863a4753935b,“诚开民国成立以来庆祝新年未有之盛况”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiZgqCdZLGdjKy9oqGic0297be76e00b8b4059d5308f640a3b72aad51a0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKgKqwpcei

尽管政府慢慢培养了大伙“爱生活9a9f2ddad6fd1abebb0e78875172f0e7,爱元旦”的情感MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKgfZy9uK2i,然而IzViMDIxOTY5NmFlN2Y=,中国人民最珍视的春节JDViMDIxOTY5NmFmZTg=,却不是说废就能废的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKtgGW8y6mi。“不能改日期c850f8bb67d91da28a51872d590a943a9d8239d6,改了便不是那个味儿”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKtgGewzq2i。(《论禁过旧历年》JDViMDIxOTY5NmIyYzg=,载《大公报》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKggK2wuK2i,1931-2-16)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKgKuxuKmi

050fd392953c3b3b1ab10dfc3d258e8d

1934年初59738d081c8daeead56f754ac6339ae0,执政当局灰头土脸地承认:XjViMDIxOTY5NWI1MjM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKgGSx28ui

“对于旧历年关MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKggGWwuK2i,除公务机关MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKggGayuKmi,民间习俗不宜过于干涉dac6bae14724de47028032156fe9ab3912322e0c。”227dc6e03ad9847973fb115f925f106251c041ef

NWIwMjE5Njk1Yjk5YQ==

等到民国后期de2a977c9570f1e8058681770257c2d950c51faa,仍有报纸感叹说:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKKgGi9tc-i

JDViMDIxOTY5NWJjNzk=

“以前MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKggZux272i,为了推行国历QDViMDIxOTY5NmJjZmM=,旧历新春都不放假NWIwMjE5Njk2YmU3Mg==,现在连这一点都做不到了223bc8996bb8937565c0564c39c573e4,‘春节假’也堂而皇之行起来dd1e3222d9344cfd9d1a21b3d36568b7,是拗不过农民的保守性呢2a84cbb2588a6bc12d5619f61a8754e6f49cda88,还是没有毅力再推行下去?于是KjViMDIxOTY5NmM0M2U=,两个元旦还是年年庆祝17ea82dc797cf214f961955834818753,年年过两个新年24fb2082d8e31d16985dd52752ec7a2f8bb7b9f2。”(介丁:《两个元旦》0f3d3e0f56796cdba301ed2578eaa616277c2f02,载《申报》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKghGax262i,1948-1-1)NWIwMjE5Njk1YmUwMA==

7ac5f821ee2d0aa80213ab8d3163bf6c49954e14

也就是说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKghGe9tami,新年的庆典QDViMDIxOTY5NmNiOTU=,是元旦过de98b09cf17a103db9d2999a911c222a,春节也过f1d20de5d6f29b8ac53ed996c2b1bb2f。作为历史遗留的问题JDViMDIxOTY5NmNlNzg=,一直延续到现在4aa62143afbf4b0f1912209c30a4570a。而我们隔壁的日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg4qLZrKghZ-8k7mi,在这方面就走得彻底一些8ffce79370f3210f8e3826d0525658e9bd94e17a,他们的春节MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg4qLZrKgiKu8y8ui,就是公历的元旦60905c5cd68b7fa52313c05aac52e8e69b59d238,农历春节就随他去吧a8eb24c7a0ba0e97d058f7d0adbdd9382e51db021f8ecfce7712ec93ad9f2bb1e27e639202842b4b

657125229cd9f6daa5ec75720e342555

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