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好险!中国人差一点就废除春节了

大伙是不是常有这样的体验:元旦了29fb609ace998fdffb8aa54eff8b14f9f4372440,“新年快乐!”;春节了38d3928374a2e56c470d47fe4d8598b4,还可以“新年快乐!”我们习惯了一年祝福两次新年XjVhODkzMTJmMzBlZDU=,不过即将到来的隆重春节6c3204257bd0a7e2d3e5c340a3d9d9051ed67336,却差一点就彻底跟中国人说再见了NWE4OTMxMmYzZmY1Ng==。一劳永逸解决春运问题的机会ea0d3663efe0320d27590a4d15b1dac2c20bcac6,是怎么跟中国人失之交臂的呢?e1756d5a3af0f5b9e5154b18933e01efb1e83cb4

接下来你将看到:85f422f101751cbe24d0f276646d607c0e9ffd79

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdhGOwpbWi

    ● 一岁过两年47c081c7dca346597458df293ea223a2,初始官民相安无事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrGdhGSxqLWi

    ● 读书人说春节陋习多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtfK2xuL2i,该废7e96d87d82ee13d05243c59283ca2d0b477a514a

    ● 说干就干!国民政府废掉春节4e90d7a430f3a69207f82e2dc579d844584e7974,可是失败了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdhGa9pc-i

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrGdhGiwy7Wi

觉得春节很好干嘛要废的值班编辑 / 老梁JDVhODkzMTJmMjNiNzY=

763408c914f8838a9ea14c9c532a32555d0bf63f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdhZ6wtbmi

f16e05ecf07d404bb8f4f67096be935a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdhaCyqKmi

5156135032c3e1ab11b4be1f942c7aa3

df2a19eb8b2d64deffdbbad442377094caade6cd

929a5a7a10f06a5c25c02ab7bc789c50e57ce3a8

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdiGO8zqmi

df237e0381f8c8711c446a35c209e4856b9ddf17

d129eacdeef261d2f0d0724902ee885a49b19a36

ed6212010d77f82ab4d8f7df0dbda1fc

一岁过两年a0ba345a3bc9071bfbcc73210877ee372f98d441,初始官民相安无事04b105165e32e93a958884f970ef6e4f

-+-179afc287ca4a4e585deeb920757f71bb551c028

KjVhODkzMTJmMjRkNmQ=

孙中山一定没想到ITVhODkzMTJmMzE4OTA=,当他就任南京临时大总统、宣布中华民国改用阳历的时候dc6b063a66ba25171e07cf2d90dd02a756cca729,会给中国老百姓的生活带来这么大的影响JTVhODkzMTJmNDAwZDU=1c225c680417d11adc29886cbacfb9c1c6941ede

67f85eaa978381f8874582d45241dce5f430876f

JjVhODkzMTJmMjUxOGI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egYp8nrGdjKu9qLWi

● 1912年元旦孙中山在南京宣誓就任临时大总统3124c39bfe7d71378746061ef6485cb4

6e6d4bae74a332efb2b9cb2dbd4711b2c8bb193d

那是1912年1月1日ITVhODkzMTJmNDAyNDE=。按照临时政府的纪年be4f8eca2529018c620a54658a78b60467ce2093,时为中华民国元旦1eee7e81794e3f032e3261cb125c85b5eddc7ee4。“元旦”的称呼JTVhODkzMTJmMzFjYmU=,按老黄历来说MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrDcgaOLq7GKiKu8sqGi,本是新年的开端MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egYp8nrJ3eGO8tbWi。新年要搞点新气象MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtfZ-x28ei,革命的政府也不能免俗啊!不过彼时政府公务繁忙MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrDcgaOLq7GKkZ69oqGi,时间仓促2c447f7f6827a261b17202f8f84b13e06e8b6d92,给全国人民发了一个迟到的福利包说d35d63d46d04605efe9a19dacdc0df982c3f1f0c,“订定于阳历正月十五日db214a73e3d4a41d8cb0c6c479b1e2df,补祝新年”8a3a9fa46af114aa41519b48c5cdd9439cb21209f454a0009b75deb07aac7b5d

0702bf4ab24fe928681c04072a4d5a0f

民国的新年干什么呢?放假、升旗2247731a911094f796cf90124a5e0d578a068aad,一个都不能少9a0be94569d2bcc0a002a4ff9bce2740。有书记载说:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdjGexk62i

d1c565681b9506fb0706f5afb680b6f7ba280368

“所有各衙、署、局、所、学堂、商店以及各项团体2761252ba71442b628e54217a6eee0fa,于是日一律悬旗MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtgGewuL2i,衙、署、局、所停止办公8c65b7e2a3d8c6e000e68d5680d0ad8d,学堂停止上课各一天MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egYp8nrGtgZu9pbGi,藉伸庆祝”JjVhODkzMTJmNDBhNGI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdjZywpbmi

0db61459a8a4e9b7a94a269bcbb7c20f2460cf08

93c4fc9f4ca1d74c2b11f3dc289c98a5b02ba730

7068f417e8e87f17cd7889781f470d29bc3b8da9

● 1912年1月2日的《申报》c2c673796e7e7ef7ae8c8a7b52d28d6b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdkKyxuK2i

补过新年、且显得有些寒碜的庆祝方式78d6fe2e551b5ba4fecc858e206e566d51cc567a,大概在民国史上只发生了这么一次d975199f33a983eb0123e40fbb03f84e。第二年7a1d065b01996b0cd4e623496f64a8257b8e35ce,也就是政府北迁、袁世凯执政的时候XjVhODkzMTJmMzJmZTI=,氛围也就热烈多了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3eZ2xqLmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdkK29pa2i

KjVhODkzMTJmMjY2OGU=

报纸上说:QDVhODkzMTJmMjY4MDU=

f9392212b499b3f430ae86a0eca33eb3

“官场之庆贺元旦者JjVhODkzMTJmMzMxM2E=,北京自总统府国务院以下b19506ee6013169fc5620f5e4097688f8e5a7a7a,外省自都督府民政府以下JTVhODkzMTJmMzM0MWE=,相与悬旗结彩MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGthGOxzq2i,脱帽鞠躬JDVhODkzMTJmMzM2Yzk=,欢呼‘民国万岁’者MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrGthGawuKmi,何等兴高采烈!……大总统对于开国元勋MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egYp8nrGthGex26mi,必有加恩命令MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrDcgaOLq7Gto56xyKGi,或则优赏13c021e6dc4ca991807b0929a35488a2,或则晋封MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrGthZ28uLWi,以粉饰此元旦纪念大典MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3eZ69uLWi。”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdkGi9paWi

NWE4OTMxMmYyNmM0Mw==

也就是说IzVhODkzMTJmMzNlZTY=,元旦把过新年和纪念民国成立一锅烩了NWE4OTMxMmY0MTA1MQ==KjVhODkzMTJmMjZkYTA=

07829f116b6b2ab8d5de1fcbf1814cfc51cb4871

民国新年在元旦3748a93bf6714c3802d7354e4a3d66ed6a4df5ff,对于旧历(或称阴历、夏历、农历、阴阳合历)中的新年“元旦”又该如何?f7320d47c4ae8f0b2ce817b65366a71b

f7e132d31b16c9dde8e03870f5cbb0109c82c1bb

政府还算人性化89dc5b03f92c769c1fc58ac695c49703,讲究“新旧二历并存”5b757c940cc484c9095da22e63d5daf6452b45ba,袁世凯同意将“阴历元旦改为春节”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3fKqyuLWi。积习难除MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtiK2wk7Gi,老百姓想的念的盼的望的新年f5b472f2ad6075a53cce4271717556fe,称呼一变而为春节!JDVhODkzMTJmMjczMGQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdmq2xuLGi

结果QDVhODkzMTJmMzQ2YjM=,民国创造的奇迹是9f6694281a6219e67423c0e3c55ec895f3de5c77,历史上出了两个新年93f745f0677c99aaec68026ff4a92963104cd16522eed97f6d83b725c9419cbe21f8d45dbf75e561

JjVhODkzMTJmMjc3MGI=

有报道说:“官厅贺喜252593de47f774df73b5f01c80f81ed7ebe47e78,街市悬旗a26b839dc004fd8cc7194c2039107c60,此新新年之气象也4d4a488c4f6fa1bb366b2afe43809be489254671。千家爆竹e77d93f007546b9c08cd123ebb9fde3a52e4059e,万户桃符MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrGtiZ2wqK2i,此旧新年之景色也”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egYp8nrJ3fGOyqL2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdmmaxuLmi

f0fe3ad38f584859a1fda7d4f9248aa88d0c2365

又有说:f77b2c30989120ce6e94e8495cb17fb9390c443d

d1426a16fb7e78c442acc01d15a60c053b7a9cf0

“夫过新年何足奇?所奇者一月中而过两新年耳0b34e381a07aab34e27857cb003906f0。然官样之新年MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egYp8nrGtiZ6xtb2i,方瞥眼而去3bce3383f3c2807ba3f3d4cd86793c7bcf4f3efc,民俗之新年IzVhODkzMTJmMzUwZTg=,又继武而来e5e1bc3f2b095c454ac3147f37e0169b58dbe6b1,亦未始非日新又日新新新不已之象ITVhODkzMTJmNDE4NTQ=。”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdm528y6Wi

JDVhODkzMTJmMjdmMmQ=

史家总结了时人眼中两者对峙的状态:“民国新年”VS“国民新年”、“新新年”VS“”旧新年、“官派新年”VS“民俗新年”、“官家之年”VS“百姓之年”b8086fdb3d7f764e04b478b610d2fae0。有好事者还写段子讽刺说:QDVhODkzMTJmMjgwODY=

NWE4OTMxMmYyODFlMg==

“男女平权MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtjKyx26mi,公说公有理JjVhODkzMTJmMzU0YWQ=,婆说婆有理;阴阳合历IzVhODkzMTJmMzU1Zjk=,你过你的年6e8563f7e7c055ecde81a4ac726a48da,我过我的年QDVhODkzMTJmNDFhZTY=。”0f37b3c4c9628f1f470104d5b73c72edd8345161

d4e357bafe4aebe7d9e163e4548d433c

faca1bca6f59bd37f140a4f38447313c

2d8110a4fb54cc6b4cd791e74ade222f

● 1917年1月27日《申报》宝罗制药公司庆祝新年春节广告MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdnma8tcei

6218723a5232de01e36da3bcd4f715090ca3c9ef

对于大伙而言d5917175e01d0046d37770e52a156ac5,多出来一个阳历元旦db4c4d83517df81f4028b7241768fd62fbe2461e,尽管怎么称呼还是个麻烦事KjVhODkzMTJmMzViMjI=,不过能休假数天3935f335f0047f85e1e1db84d4fed6a0,毕竟不是坏事9b87aa2b8b64c2b05c79611acde8a145。两个新年节日逐一过遍09d5f1597ef71a34bc91222d8042e22ffbe56b7e,一时倒也相安无事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrJ3fZ6xpcuiJDVhODkzMTJmMjhiNGM=

NWE4OTMxMmYyOGNhOQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrDcgaOLqrN6iKqwyKGi

65348569b86724e8be59f3c99fb9985aa6e743ce

● 1920年1月3日《申报》银行、公司庆祝新年元旦广告92a23a77dc4332e7bbcb42803d1b1e0d

 IzVhODkzMTJmMjkyMGM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrGdoqyxuLGi

读书人说春节陋习多c9b5b46c93ea6171bd717ffdcc602cc1,该废KjVhODkzMTJmMjk0YzA=

-+-MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrDcgaOLqrOHjKuyoqGi

IzVhODkzMTJmMjk3ODE=

不幸的是55010ff255773d368bc57590e98d3f673aa8a60f,春节的命运同那时旧中国的大环境息息相关c0793c5519e1a8c626aaab5f04b6b96596a424cdce216a9009b5f589531b7284

3c0a3130e173ffca645ae79d189b671a

我们先来说说阴阳历问题0be9b775328f4848170c39a44ba0eeea。民国初年采阳而不废阴6aa041920455f8a801319d8e3f0bbdce121fad2e,必然会造成历法使用上的“二元社会”格局MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3gKuwpcui。也就是说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrGtkKu8272i,社会上层包括机关、学校、团体和报馆主要用阳历a1dd3a6c3485a040f65e742b971f8c325ff1ac7d,下层民众包括商家、一般市民与广大农民主要用阴历MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrJ3gKyxuLGi。就整个社会来说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtkGOxqLWi,阴历为主、阳历为点缀41847fc7a7562448e141e4ca70fa2e642ce42a6f003bd8cab5aea76c957c5865485599ff

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egYp8nrGdo5y9pbmi

孙中山改用阳历361a0f3a08e19e38545b84c805d55da0,本意是开新10618220095ad4f070659accf64085e2。然而在民初的十多年间cc4967c8737b39cde0e71c4b7dc2336a,先后有袁世凯复辟、张勋复辟JTVhODkzMTJmMzY5NTQ=,不仅民国纪年几经更张019b13f6b26b251816c271d9c8386020b940ab61,更有阳历遭废的厄运MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3gGWwpami。1926年MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtkZu9y62i,北京政府实际最高领导人张作霖又以薪水为诱饵MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egYp8nrGtkZ2w26Wi,让中央观象台编制附载有迷信内容的旧历书《通俗历书》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3gGaxqLWi。同年发行的《中华民国十六年阴阳合历通书》又将吴佩孚、张作霖、段祺瑞、孙传芳等一干北洋系首领e9d749d90c20069f5bca68726beabd7d,列入“民国伟人图”1a5121576d36196957c874e50c9908f440dbf5d3ITVhODkzMTJmMjllNTg=

c3bcbfb5ed3d198d371bbe4784cfe1c5

d57ae5847bc7e61babcc51fe068bdd1d342ae265

 如此种种53c806a6bf0df38fa11e80201a471de1,加重了一部分知识分子对阴历厌弃的观感IzVhODkzMTJmNDJhZGM=。他们把阴历称为“废历”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtkaC9y72i,甚至将还在使用“废历”的人bbc3171486d8eed775a47d377fc740a497e2a008,称为民国的叛贼、顽固不化的遗老遗少MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3gZywy8eiJDVhODkzMTJmMmEyNjE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrDcgaOLqr2HgZyysqGi

再来说春节0f0c7d406ac5b2f1ded10924b9a6090f4ac3f682,它也背负了自身的“原罪”53d1c4077a45912a572a6a605e005a37fb5122ddc9d0c99bc6801e82e15d00d2e7c60214

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7egYp8nrGgfGSxzr2i

受新文化运动的影响aaf28047484ea8448a9832f22555e689,春节中的习俗也被拉出来拷打MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3gZ68uL2i。诸如祭神、送年礼、压岁钱、燃放鞭炮、娱乐赌博之类MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrGtmmSwy6mi,无一不受到时人的批判4981a695f4676ca7a2521858a1ff12d8698a2d4333d105f2df8aa24856fa22a08cd2a7ef

a56cefd439878bf20a8bc3fe9f490caf84a4da0c

例如迎财神5c32edbe7f72927aea60aa941e6335c615012fa7,有人说:MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egYp8nrGgfGix28ui

13ed8c5a1ae1fb1ca291a6c9cc348085e4db6216

“此所谓神MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtmma8tc-i,近于魔鬼d040093b5792dd3403811ba3a63bd9e188cf71a6,此所谓祭ITVhODkzMTJmMzdiMWQ=,近于行贱0617ab20c18220cd0fe47190ff19e1e018e8970d。姑无论于迷信XjVhODkzMTJmMzdjNjc=,其居心之猥鄙4b76f19193ccd65c5351e2aa9e319783,已不可问矣”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtm569y6mi,这样搞ec4bb05323cc29bf4bcb59b94f50f408,只会一方面“养成恶劣思想”bc31ac522e62e22e729a46f1a54aa9c2b304bd0b,另一方面“表现民性愚劣”JTVhODkzMTJmMzgyYmE=,让洋人听了9b0b5dfd3d1217c5ba73d2af7abc52d5d4242e2f,“岂有不讶为愚狂传为笑谈者哉?”(《打破迎财神之迷信》27d3eafbf38372f48d74d9fccbc34bbe,载《申报》JDVhODkzMTJmMzg2OGE=,1921-2-3)50570125ca4ad0600872e47612fded412b84b2c1MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGgfZ2wuLWi

daa57bd76fa01d1672dd7beb12368fb5d068c85f

再如新年红包MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtnmW9pbmi,彼时的报纸这样说6f4c2aa1aa242da23fe99e503819f663,长辈给晚辈的压岁钱有五大害处:KjVhODkzMTJmMmFmZDU=

IzVhODkzMTJmMmIxNDA=

    1_“养成小儿卑鄙嗜利之性质”;MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrGggKuyqL2i

    2_“养成一种挥霍性MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtnmiwk72i,长大时亦不知节省”;XjVhODkzMTJmMmIzZWQ=

    3_小孩子有余钱后乱买零食MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtn5uypc-i,一时误食不干净食品会生病;QDVhODkzMTJmMmI1M2Y=

    4_乱买零食MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtn5y9pb2i,导致吃饭不规律b3db13abb977010ca94a6bc74ed47360e670f39d,“有伤胃部”;ITVhODkzMTJmMmI2OTM=

    5_小孩子把玩铜钱2ba3238599db0106b8ef18d8a47d5e88771178e0,有误食入肚的危险MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrDcgaOLYbGtgZ29sqGi60ef20ca79aeb89ebbe06be7bfaff866

ITVhODkzMTJmMmI5Mzk=

JTVhODkzMTJmMmJhOWY=

a30ff40fcd9bc6ffd8713bf2f756c1595694097e

● 1922年2月2日《申报》ad993fcf6c00088993a07c31d2c0e839dae1cf28

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egYp8nrGggZ68zr2i

还有赌博e8f937d4b528fec7d5a2f96ed4dd81955ac8366a,“旧历新年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrGtoqq9uL2i,莫盛乎赌”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3hGOwy8ui。时人说:4539b90a67ddfa7a0b9bd58b4b9fa39e

ITVhODkzMTJmMmMxOWI=

“良家子弟安分店伙之因旧历新年赌博之故QDVhODkzMTJmMzkzMjY=,失业者有之KjVhODkzMTJmMzk0NmE=,游荡者有之c71da37e4328d443bd5f421fe0c0792a55366d22,破家者有之JDVhODkzMTJmMzk3MjE=,其流毒殆有不可胜言者矣MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3hGSypa2i。”(《严禁赌博》NWE4OTMxMmYzOThiNw==,载《申报》NWE4OTMxMmYzOWExYQ==,1921-2-3)8f0fda306de88be8239e907f506d631d89d50adc

QDVhODkzMTJmMmM0NWU=

在改革家的眼里4b6b4e4c93be56eb4ad78343d10c3e71,阴历是有问题的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrGto5y8zrWi,附之其上的春节也是有问题的JjVhODkzMTJmNDM3YzI=。更有甚者bcaac033469d40d54cbbbc81d9c470e00ee1da99,有人将阴历新年比作军阀NWE4OTMxMmYzOWY4MA==,认为废除了它aa92ace018e555754e0f79e3a68eb659,就如同打倒军阀一般MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrFlfKuwy62i,“则拨阴云惨雾而见青天白日”17ec9a9d5ce0b65d35985efafe31bd17c5be18d5MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrGghGO8uLmi

97c5d5629ac62422d168038e13268e7b63e4ce01

新文化运动的主将之一陈独秀还说:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrGghGaxtc-i

QDVhODkzMTJmMmM5Yjg=

“中国的旧历新年655c9330bb94baf15c97cbebeb48e01079e04faa,没有丝毫历史上纪念的意义7319c84f80784067e20ac8741ac908f61efbd1a7,全国人竟有十余日事实上的休息JjVhODkzMTJmM2E2MmY=,各社会一切停顿QDVhODkzMTJmM2E3ODI=,真是世界上一件怪事50f41e30ab0156363b9de311155e301a。”a2c5131d5c2f2d1c4e92ecba0ba9602a

9da3477fdf64b6ead9acbd961e04d18f0ed0c645

JTVhODkzMTJmMmNkZDc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGghZ-wy72i

● 陈独秀JTVhODkzMTJmMmQwODk=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrGgiKq9qLGi

JDVhODkzMTJmMmQzNmM=

说干就干!国民政府废掉春节cd76709bc2b4708d605167f410f343c4,可是失败了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrGgiK2827Wi

-+-54f29aa11733e4b0422abd6a37c29625

30e58cd292f2b1cfc092bace917bcb47fe6e0032

别看改革者们嘴炮打得那么响203721aa33d585541aa4f54e38165f13e7829abb,说要批判、要废除啥的JDVhODkzMTJmM2FiOGM=,真到过春节那会儿392f1ed149d4cb9aa2f5d4832bdcde8613cb7a04,大多数还是该过得过NWE4OTMxMmY0M2JhOQ==XjVhODkzMTJmMmQ5Mjc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrGgiGix272i

有报纸讲了这么件事:社会教育团的讲演员周少英d96cc8751d0379a60e826f9197a80df286995d50,在街头演讲劝导大伙不要过阴历的新年fdf9b3c1b4a19f3bd60eb839ac0f011abef16901。然而等到他工作结束回到家时863b30b44fdd8cdd5081c3e1be2f6793efb33b90,“放下小旗子接过猪头腊肉”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrFlgKqwpbGi,依旧要进行过年的准备03a574fd53af0da0afd468be7484833192af689c。这哥们心里头还嘀咕道c3f3bc8fb69b6ea7e5723e31a2f8d79a055514a0,“我亦未能免俗耳”148195e21c0a1184b98ec57ec7b13043533cb9d2。(廖国芳:《过年》MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrDcgaOLq72dgZ2w2KGi,载《申报》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrFlgGOwtb2i,1928-1-28)d95acc28adb41f8633365a8fce61b50e

56d2313ce0762c2c24c6a19f7d40f587058a104f

还是南京国民政府有情怀051901dfe3371010160b1970ae811ced40c29275,也有力量MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3haC8zr2i。在打倒北洋系主导的北京政府、成立新政府之际MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrFlgGW8k7Gi,“改正朔”便成了一等一的大事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3iKuwpaWic52d16bd6e56c5de0ef0d4c95a22344b03b6d906

80b39632f9df0c674584dde1c1f02996

它宣称:ff063f7940933560955096123e05467c8bbd159b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrGgjKuypc-i

“新旧历并用bc9dc644c2a4c66307455a5d0db6cece8cd82709,是军阀假共和名行专制实的一种象征MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egYp8nrFlgGiytami,彻底革命90538760552c987a33f513bfe56cf1c3a0cb840a,非实行国历废除旧历不可911b2ca8172319544cbc0927aa48b8ab。”(汝驹:《告奉行国历者》53ee9bf661bd0e9077b09b82ffead1d95df05d2f,载《广州民国日报》b526a7daa0b8df90473ba1cb610fce6d,1929-12-25)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrGgjKy9tami

dbb952ccf6a34d2378e73ab9efcaaca08031ef3e

也就是说8f9455dca93bde4e625fac3c494ca816,彻底废除旧历f1b6964844ea1b51bec2f6c8e06fb7586efca5ea,定阳历为国历fd07c1701d64bbd0123ed4db070ae166,国民政府便有了标榜革命、以示正统的合法性IzVhODkzMTJmNDQ0NzU=。从20世纪20年代末到30年代初KjVhODkzMTJmM2MzODk=,一场史称的“国历运动”(或“废历运动”)便在神州大地如火如荼地开展起来b24213a9be139f75c4948aba97da619c8283200bIzVhODkzMTJmMmU2ODU=

7873c6aec21ea3e30eacafbc03c573fc

2087be115cdb261e8d8ced1613d6965e1063e8b9

JTVhODkzMTJmMmVhOGM=

● 1930年1月16日《申报》影戏广告MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egYp8nrGgjZu9qLGi

2221d5be870ad28a9704b4735e9df6564ed08a92

政府对付春节的法子相当简单粗暴:旧历新年不放假MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egYp8nrFlhK29pbmi,或者少放假;“废历新年放假日数及废历新年前后所沿用之各种礼仪娱乐点缀QDVhODkzMTJmM2M2MWI=,如贺年、团拜、祀祖、春宴、观灯、扎采、贴春联等一律移置于国历新年前后举行”152082eb76db72b1b0bb447d762a233fJDVhODkzMTJmMmVlNjY=

7f807eda76f707ada7859b65f1654996

对于不遵守规定的IzVhODkzMTJmM2M3ODc=,罚款呗!例如1930年2月9日《申报》报道说d14588065ba61e1258f86cacad45c937,上海有居民在家迎财神7f9d3268b38e44f7a2d75297225fed5d,被警察拘了fbf12b78ee952e7cde2ff8c5504a346a6d279ea5,不仅没收供品4a6cee034b5b89aaf2c1f4eba9783b57,“再因为他有钱做这种靡费无益的举动ebcd50b00a23dda5f728f8570028f476efd945c4,又罚他十四块钱”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrDcgaOLYbJ3mmSxoqGiKjVhODkzMTJmMmYxMTI=

4816ffef8889da480f37adcd9b6f730ca6a93a02

1dc238ad0771f65732b0c9c316959db5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrGgkGOwpa2i

● 《废历的前途》18ed300e84290fabdc78eab56661479616f28d13,载《时事月报》79ee4ef272ce1bbe8bd07b42c66347a4,1931年第4卷第1期;图中有“废历”、“残废收容所”字样JjVhODkzMTJmMmY2NWM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrGgkGW8uK2i

对于元旦82e4028718144f94db0e9dfc2cc5e428,政府又是另一番面孔KjVhODkzMTJmNDQ5ODk=。1931年上海新年庆典MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrFliKyx28ei,国民党组织当地成立国历新年筹备委员会MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3iGi9pbGi。筹委会干啥事呢?印了春联一万六千幅97cb462008ac107d19ea18c43d755b5413ae21f4,分送各商店和住户;又在各交通要道搭设电灯牌楼QDVhODkzMTJmM2Q2MjQ=,“诚开民国成立以来庆祝新年未有之盛况”d7afee7d52e040872571947d77ae4610fe4e8e088dbdee6e47aaea2a0ebf81658c4869d3

KjVhODkzMTJmMmZhNjU=

尽管政府慢慢培养了大伙“爱生活6e27531ab53997a35a0aaf03550aeb94,爱元旦”的情感2f74b2f9f045ce4d6cbe8f056adb4a67,然而JDVhODkzMTJmM2RhMGQ=,中国人民最珍视的春节c2233ddf8b84e11334a476e63a519d49,却不是说废就能废的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3iZ2xtcui。“不能改日期8cbbe32567f4be06f85d82cac88518b4,改了便不是那个味儿”e8f034a1ea7f73f662321941776afbef。(《论禁过旧历年》da2ab10e5edecc0a7f15be08418b400e16c474e4,载《大公报》JTVhODkzMTJmM2RmNjk=,1931-2-16)ITVhODkzMTJmMmZiYjA=

XjVhODkzMTJmMmZjZmM=

1934年初MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrDcgaOLq756kZ2wyKGi,执政当局灰头土脸地承认:8bb762dd0a165ad61b201971b8ceb932

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrGgkZ-8tc-i

“对于旧历年关MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrFljKuwtbWi,除公务机关XjVhODkzMTJmM2UzN2E=,民间习俗不宜过于干涉MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7egYp8nrJ3iZ-9taWi。”6746c01aca59124640a6b2637c4461eb

JjVhODkzMTJmMzAyODE=

等到民国后期cdf6f62ca7166a6467de69f20d9238001978c424,仍有报纸感叹说:1f352480e33be451a1843973afaff1f3

f8ee3c299f0e13e7b06a355825f9918d

“以前5f161549dbaebe308a28823bc67c35f5ece5dcba,为了推行国历MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrFljGW8zrmi,旧历新春都不放假bb2a238c35de725b3af8e8dddf8f1d74,现在连这一点都做不到了3aff0c5ca1bbebbff179ae9708c1f4251b811f94,‘春节假’也堂而皇之行起来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egYp8nrFljZu828-i,是拗不过农民的保守性呢QDVhODkzMTJmM2VkMjU=,还是没有毅力再推行下去?于是1a5e9da115a8d82b77ee8bf3ab07df5a,两个元旦还是年年庆祝JTVhODkzMTJmM2VmZGI=,年年过两个新年47c0de11dbb66c0d8e316b218f753adb12e71a7e。”(介丁:《两个元旦》MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrDcgaOLq76deK2xoqGi,载《申报》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egYp8nrFlkKuytaWi,1948-1-1)XjVhODkzMTJmMzA2OGU=

d81d46be8089469d791f4925e00971fe

也就是说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egYp8nrFlkKy9tbGi,新年的庆典NWE4OTMxMmYzZjU1Nw==,是元旦过a6e446436e70fe4051351a6c549e4de7,春节也过23528e18336e06ba798cb0e8e1e77516d5661c63。作为历史遗留的问题MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egYp8nrFlkGawtami,一直延续到现在4ac59ff497233bff77e21601556ad663d9c0fc94。而我们隔壁的日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7egYp8nrFlkGexy6mi,在这方面就走得彻底一些3129db6c86cd3db94086223c6bf5bcc6,他们的春节MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egYp8nrFlkZywtcei,就是公历的元旦0017770f2ff67333c7a7fdb3ccf1c42ce5d56df9,农历春节就随他去吧36f9abbe099ab637fb470f39404c28deKjVhODkzMTJmMzA5NGE=

2446dc4f5f664cf7361db9a9afd9aace

 

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