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古罗马人为什么沉迷于性狂欢?丨历史八卦咨询处

罗马讽刺诗人尤维纳利斯说:“如果没有找到男人2b79c06eb810cb2686a66f23a762d036,她们甚至会找一头驴子借以发泄……因为这些处于疯狂状态的女人是什么都干得出来的XjViMDg1OGE4NDhhNzM=。”b1be28d8eb83f0e02000b28f4ab8e3551c206135

QDViMDg1OGE4Mjg1NWY=

这句话不仅是在说女人d8c51b09eada070703d39ac165d6249e9414a7b3,嘲讽的是整个罗马社会的“淫乱放纵”35d22f02b1313e526b5811fbc86cbfa52ffad659MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbGdnmS8uLGi

24c0aa5fda930bd6806dce25f606be66

信仰众多神灵的罗马人同时渴求狂欢的欲望XjViMDg1OGE4MzY1YWU=,就像洪水一般势难遏制64352a7b46506f647ab32d2ed83e1579880679ab。罗马人腐蚀了他们的神32b81705425cf22a88e1fccc05b5f3eb。当所有的神祇都不再有新的借口来“牵头组织”狂欢时JjViMDg1OGE4MzY3NjI=,他们便制造新的神祇c3d952a9010213e7e0be7d8dbc683656。这个荒诞的循环bca4337fb414688b48148dd317b035ea,影响至今MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3oquwpbWiIzViMDg1OGE4Mjg5N2Q=

接下来你将看到:JTViMDg1OGE4MjhhZDQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsqVg313ZbGdn5ywy6Wi

     ● 狎妓KjViMDg1OGE4MzZhYTg=,是罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容ac4b6bb7ac531fadf7e3d1a5927384b847df328f

    ● 祭祀神灵名义下的性狂欢6795da4eaa7fa4882702030c3d27b59ccc8e5eca

    ● 罗马风气289759e618dafc105429f0e5bb288edf,天下不绝1a2f6712cdb3e6f7d6027b8cf2d9cf04

7c0c92eaf829d23a6c9b7a48c5ff58b197cf31c2

李书崇 / 文IzViMDg1OGE4MjkzMDI=

摘自《性文化史》JjViMDg1OGE4MzZkZjc=,已获授权f806a3a0f35e23939724e5bc78bfcd2c,有删减NWIwODU4YTgyOTQ2NQ==

JjViMDg1OGE4Mjk1Yjk=

9c61674f7a6f5b8777593a0edcaeb2d0782a71fe

狎妓XjViMDg1OGE4MzcxNjQ=,是罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容QDViMDg1OGE4Mjk4N2Q=

-+-ec993c284d7140bf8652605b30357a08c0974f98

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsqVg313ZbGdo5uwy6Wi

罗马人跟希腊人同属印欧种族ITViMDg1OGE4MzczMGE=,大约在公元前1000年左右他们从欧洲北部迁徙至意大利半岛MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsqVg313ZbGtmq2xy72i,活动在罗马附近MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3oqyytbmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbGdo5yypa2i

cf8cd1d9a72131d3210739fc9b43eaf63b79f6e0

公元前6世纪末66b0a2516d7fcbf83690cc9dd70a120f,罗马人驱逐了埃特拉斯坎人KjViMDg1OGE4Mzc3ZjY=,接管了这个已经发展起来的城市国家JDViMDg1OGE4NDk1NTg=。这个骁勇善战的民族有一大特点IzViMDg1OGE4Mzc5YWU=,那就是非常天真589db15e8747fc2f4c4ebc2a37eddf39fba7a10c,他们什么都信JDViMDg1OGE4NDk2ZjY=。所以有人说罗马的神祇比它的人口还多9588eb59c68082dd145b46822ecc42ccaa108f1cKjViMDg1OGE4MjlmODc=

JDViMDg1OGE4MmExMDk=

而他们所信奉的各种各样的神祇KjViMDg1OGE4MzdkMGU=,出身非常混乱68b98fc209a49feb79d5b1c185105fa058ef6601,有来自埃及的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsqVg313ZbGtm6Cwta2i,有来自希腊的da282f1b8621a7d4fb76eb2e61c41851e0274946,也有来自小亚细亚的b741b0952930545cfc6573907102f44e0aaf0521,查起谱系来十分复杂MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3ome9tbWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2FpriYjYqZqr2HfGW82KGi

JDViMDg1OGE4MmE0MTk=

JDViMDg1OGE4MmE1OTI=

d151789757dcfbb826e79763eb28ad89

QDViMDg1OGE4MmE4YTE=

● 罗马神庙JTViMDg1OGE4MmFhMWE=

36bb0695a3648ee107040f8aa58cbb8e

比如说MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2FpriYjYqZq7N3iKy8yKGi,他们的生殖神公认为匹里亚柏斯6190f159974abd997cf225eaf96c8754,但他们把男性生殖器称作“Mutinus”QDViMDg1OGE4Mzg4ZDU=,这“穆丁纽斯”后来又被当做男生殖神加以奉祀;他们放在爱神庙中祭祀的爱西斯58fb1506d5e511fa955cfbf27472c259ab711077,本为埃及的生殖女神ITViMDg1OGE4MzhjMWI=,与此对应的应当是埃及太阳神奥赛里斯92bb33ade61977470e2f3d130caa6e60,然而不是JjViMDg1OGE4MzhmOTQ=,他们祭祀的是希腊化的奥赛里斯的转型——巴库斯55bc831a801150b0424fc6fe9d616709。但罗马人不管这个MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbGtn6C9y6mi,他们只要有个狂欢的理由就行IzViMDg1OGE4NDlkNWI=feccb4282bef7d297bc2c99e1a6eeb53ed5ceeeb

68a39b828b693effc1714fe2ff5949431847c7bf

在当时4900bccd36c8ecd9c6a1c75d42b5adbd68ee39d9,罗马城中差不多每条街上都建造女神庙;雄伟的男根到处耸立25068f2dbcbe4f6304b1dcf554860b1880b7ea57,抬眼可见MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3o568y7Wi。每逢祭祀生殖神071df0c203fc4e0ebefc536e24872cce,男男女女都裸体跑上大街QDViMDg1OGE4Mzk3ZWI=,相互追逐嬉戏;男人以皮鞭追打裸体的女人们IzViMDg1OGE4Mzk5ODc=,女人们则故意躲避而实际上渴望被鞭打臀部86516eb5b8aced9f706440fbc1e1caac,因为据说挨过鞭打的女人会有旺盛的生育能力8601a2e1ad9e145e439ebf1d42944efe4dcd52ebITViMDg1OGE4MmIwNmE=

XjViMDg1OGE4MmIyMGU=

这种裸体追逐的游戏闹到后来7f09e86129ab6e5defba7aff27ec3bc0122f3f92,就会发展为疯狂的2078cd9e2bf35833548a06e0d4664cea

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsqVg313ZbGggGOwzrWi

群交MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ6fKq9tbWid0ad6171e47e909e626746e8fe576410

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsqVg313ZbGggGaypb2i

即使在没有祭祀活动的日子里b96e116fcbe93299b6a0dbe935435c14c0607b24,罗马人仍然不断地受到来自环境的性刺激:公共浴室、理发店、面包房、旅店以及很多公共场所MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbGto5-xy6Wi,表现性爱的雕塑、壁画、标志随处可见MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsqVg313ZbGto6C9uK2i,琳琅满目697d80d5b5b342c2c57051d7fb77ea0aa913eda175172d850646b3f4b49b57c4340877053fcdebba

e914790f5f9995bb9fd75e4aa8a821c5b0f4e940

在多次禁止宗教卖淫均告失败的情况下MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbFlfKux27Wi,罗马官方只好宣布卖淫是合法的IzViMDg1OGE4M2E0MTQ=,但妓女必须在神圣的场所从事活动14a5c249dac0e3985fd328a116c8e13e,并缴纳高额所得税40a460af89956557befcf0ea86294bafIzViMDg1OGE4MmJkZTM=

 f348890734f4694808b37bb626c28f83

于是圣妓们纷纷离开了固定的神庙NWIwODU4YTgzYTczZA==,转业到了民间——罗马是个思想非常自由的地方MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbFlfGax27Gi,有数不清的神明、宗教、偶像2f9b33287e7241f7d0fc38f23983e2c0,也就有数不清的“神圣场所”c6833eb3814f1e6fa6f2c7dbb8d66e2ba3b20997,结果是政府的规定形同虚设01952a0ccc0b0f9f9c1f621a81e41915,罗马妓业从此进入天高任鸟飞的空前繁荣期;狎妓41b2a808ee9e9702fdc2e640b36e3e28,成为罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ6fGS8tbWi8a92ba509afb6ae6c4e53c036db5f0f0

074a92d56cd814dd5c7ca56ba21d6347

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpsqVg313ZbGghK2ypaWi

44b0928b3f09eb83c9ccd4a78b7781bc040eb920

2eec70e2380d313a1ba3ae40d775004e8a6a0d68

XjViMDg1OGE4MmM5YzI=

● 古罗马妓院中的色情壁画cb9884825bb890bc735cb2b4ba6fcf5d

KjViMDg1OGE4MmNkMTQ=

XjViMDg1OGE4MmNlYjI=

祭祀神灵名义下的性狂欢9aa11ab56823f86a3bd9a4725d153214

-+-dbaf32d8ecb9aa92eb72ae7c08f837275772b8c8

6af507444113b5a561c471cd11930662

与爱西斯一同受到祭祀的巴库斯598a75d5d3d281d9c318ac502bcbc9ac746419f1,在罗马的“职称”是酒神03515197b54736bbc2523f2f56b307cfeb9a711c。这位酒神的女信徒自称BachantesJTViMDg1OGE4M2IyYzQ=,男信徒自称 BachantsMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2FpriYjYqZYb2Hn56xoqGi。不可理解的是6244eeed8b11a29cfe94f3cff4ae34f4,酒神节一开始是在庆祝森林神的节日中举行468e5803787c777c1e63c883e92220c87d1e5ca0JjViMDg1OGE4MmQ1NzI=

ITViMDg1OGE4MmQ3MzI=

届时KjViMDg1OGE4M2I2MGM=,信徒们头上顶着羊角和尖耳朵MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsqVg313ZbFlgGWxy8ui,屁股后面安着羊尾巴MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsqVg313ZbFlgGewuLmi,赤身露体骑在驴子背上e28fbdf5a134abb713f5a7cd62ab8ee1,满街乱跑bf28c5189780c2cf311f2b3b3d7badce,一边调笑XjViMDg1OGE4M2JlNTk=,一边以阳具形状的容器喝酒;女人们则围绕在一辆装载硕大男根的车子周围MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbFlgZ-8y72i,狂歌浪舞404371e37ce5806e9c0348e06eec46e4。游行之后就进入神庙24959a2782c98aa315c7635bff107b7250e9d03e,男女易装相戏58d5982ecdd34fe9f23632d31dfea64f,恣意性交db85b0d566c8fdbcf6641ff0e06eef20c0808fe9ee0d67da4c245f0f240e2de0

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbGgiGixpaWi

跟对待宗教卖淫一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbFlhK2ytbmi,罗马官方对民间酒神节的禁止XjViMDg1OGE4M2M2YTM=,也经历了拉锯式的对抗QDViMDg1OGE4NGIwNTU=。在最严厉的一次镇压中甚至出现了&#42&#42件QDViMDg1OGE4NGIxZjg=XjViMDg1OGE4MmRjNDY=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2FpriYjYqZqr56hZywyKGi

公元前3世纪a126bf0cc9cb21bd80afa5f4a8c93718,罗马统一了意大利015bbb7a1d9c024c7e80e2ab0add908574d29bc3。此时腓尼基人所建的迦太基(在今突尼斯)早已发展成为西地中海强国0f0107517d71e81e0b4660d0a8d965fe,与罗马相对峙ITViMDg1OGE4NGI1MjM=。为了争夺海上控制权NWIwODU4YTgzY2JiOQ==,罗马与迦太基之间爆发了三次大战MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbFlhZ2wtbmi,史称“布匿战争”IzViMDg1OGE4NGI2YjM=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpsqVg313ZbGgiZ-xtb2i

b3d297b1328d3471ad12b13cedc2dfa632e506ac

正当罗马军队在艰难地跟汉尼拔率领的迦太基人拼斗时d1ce8da6d97e0bcbf4b77cbb36551c12890c6210,罗马政府发现MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsqVg313ZbFlhaCxtcei,民间一直秘密地祭祀着从希腊传入的酒神巴库斯(Bachants)MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ6gGawqLGi。这个在深夜里举行的巴库斯祭祀仪式a3ac5671fbba1a77171cb02c059b1c0e,每月5次MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbFliKy8y6mi,每次都聚集男女纵情欢会XjViMDg1OGE4M2Q1YjU=,随意性交0cd20e66c3e39096e2c8e258f4257324cc5e7239b746f52cefb5af8465a2e7ae0be548ae

 8688c39b5f88ee70ec725e24bef761c25902dded

这次秘密活动最终被曝光e59206c0976ee70778824681c01c10c4,是因为官方接到一名叫希斯帕拉的女子报告JjViMDg1OGE4M2Q5Mjk=,她男友的继父为了侵占男友应得的遗产MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbFliGiypbmi,怂恿男友夜里祭祀时扮作酒神巴库斯与自己的母亲性交MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsqVg313ZbJ6gZuw27Wiafdbafe5c89034948f084be2380ef942f68720c8

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsqVg313ZbGgjGWytbGi

ac6080d2d60184ed4d99149456bd72ae5340260c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbGgjGi9tbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2FpriYjYqZqr6KgGixoqGi

● 米开朗琪罗雕塑作品《酒神巴库斯》da03615ac42bbd65fa9899ffc2e84bc2

39dca41cd5d36da1e5fceeb79084c461b6e748d5

励精图治的罗马政府立即作出了严厉反应:公元前186年罗马元老院对酒神节事件展开了调查JjViMDg1OGE4M2RjNzQ=,跟着就处死了部分参与欢会的男子2a9edda4e34008b42ba506ba07b2a4a7,逮捕了7000多名热衷群交的男女1a8374600e229db85fc6e62726ae1177dc60ade8,勒令其余女人回家恪守妇道ce45922db9734c83db512f137a2f582b4cf6f091。与奥古斯都大帝有着密切关系的历史学家李维MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbFljKqwuLmi,在他的《罗马史》中详尽地记述了这件事情JTViMDg1OGE4NGJlYWE=eb9db7cc98ab5bbdb33adf2325059193

03acfbdd1e7cf563911f82cc61ee0fcb

更为有趣的是ITViMDg1OGE4M2UzMGY=,甚至连罗马人的善良女神也卷入了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbGgkGOwta2i

135d28b1320f84c410e8a9e7764bf5c4

色情活动!da9c6182450bce82a1bacf52c27c69f1

 fedd03faf935fbdd13a060af1c32de45

善良女神是位只属于女人的神KjViMDg1OGE4M2U0YjE=,所以在她的庆典到来时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsqVg313ZbFljGSwqLWi,所有男人都必须从家里出去ITViMDg1OGE4M2U4MDM=,把地方给女人腾出来KjViMDg1OGE4NGMwNDE=。在这样一个没有男人的狂欢活动中8a622946072e56dd35a93eb8a3f8542efb488fdd,女人们疯狂地吃喝笑闹MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsqVg313ZbFljZuwtaWi,开怀畅饮着掺有纯葡萄酒的混合饮料MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbFljZy8uL2i,大嚼牡蛎;在酒精和疯狂鼓乐的刺激下XjViMDg1OGE4M2VlOTU=,女人们到午夜时已经不知道喝下了多少美酒ff4bbea3e7f86ac6824f0b5b42ccca7d,这时她们开始拼命扭动腰肢NWIwODU4YTgzZjFmZg==,一边旋转身体403ca054670d085a8d8d51a175cbc9bca2326c52,一边狂呼生殖神的名字be0a509c0c63d2f73ed0c0ed3b617393ecb9b6b0d0eee3e991ad02baea11f51c

883299b2bd891ff075d8c5d208398441

到了难以控制性欲之时1b6e7b4b89ea141ed0aa9668f8984ce1,女人们就在屋子里狂叫:“让男人们进来吧!如果情人在睡觉4ce30633fb22b9db1608da5b32a474c6,那就披上外套快来这儿!如果他不在JjViMDg1OGE4M2Y4YTU=,让奴隶代替也行;如果奴隶也不在209fea1d9e865e397024f3f8dd2b84a6,那就上街随便找一个流浪汉吧!”e533078362dec8fe4284384dd8e2be3ed3eaebc3

  3f9ad1bd4ea1421e90c21092ca75fc41

可见ec4a8dadbdf55917d720cbe6653cc2aaf9fcb36b,官方用镇压来改变民俗几乎是不可能的52ba430260de6560842758929b6647d79ca97df7aa1c087b42ce52ca3c8d6e92

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsqVg313ZbGteKyxy8-i

毫无疑问94ed587c1637abf6d5110d8aef6092c4,民间崇祀的巴库斯酒神节仪式MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpsqVg313ZbFlkZ-wpc-i,源于人类共有的性交崇拜和生殖崇拜fc53353d7e8a17cebeb3e01b528596e157623fd3。罗马政府对于酒神节祭祀活动的镇压d6e7d8860a6de073ce84ed7a00f59746,完全是一种政治行为2209a739c740ff1b3b85c231fc6b69de11cf9db9。之后的历史很快就证明ac752cb43a8f4d5f48cd805eb086a3c2083920fb,罗马贵族及其掌权者951fa4581cad6a43183eecec9b22f276,其实是最热衷于性乐的阶层MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ6hGaxqLGiKjViMDg1OGE4MzA1MDU=

 IzViMDg1OGE4MzA2YTg=

希斯帕拉所报告的未遂乱伦fdce907204cd1e8b19ec82dcacf05ad9,是导致上述血腥镇压的起因MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ6hGe9uK2i。而不久之后9e7aec9af43cde3c4ba65799df1dae6b,真正的乱伦在罗马权贵中就已成为不足为怪的事情了57b1b364b8d74ec8e84f6d3fb6ee391e5dc790c65c6d54cc15448a013166b945d0356185

 JTViMDg1OGE4MzA5YTg=

比如罗马第五任皇帝尼禄KjViMDg1OGE4NDA5NDQ=,不仅跟他的胞妹上床MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsqVg313ZbJ3eGi8taWi,最后竟跟他的生母阿格里品娜发生性交——当然08e8215fca0abc52ef36986128d548b702878264,这主要是阿格里品娜勾引的结果:她向儿子展示了她美丽的裸体;在尼禄担心这可能违法的犹豫中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3eZ29uKmi,阿格里品娜对他说:“你是皇帝JTViMDg1OGE4NDBmZTI=,你就是法律!”终于使尼禄投入了她的怀中JjViMDg1OGE4NGNkODA=1e8b383ac482f1078d557d1a459845316a086e1c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbGteZyytb2i

051d6a911db78a994d5bd1ad8078b2189b74e4a6

ITViMDg1OGE4MzEwMjY=

474695b70ca56f9a4cf1f194ef76197aaf8decf7

● 罗马皇帝尼禄(Nero)的浴盆及希腊十字馆(Sala a Croce Greca)QDViMDg1OGE4MzEzNmE=

NWIwODU4YTgzMTUxYg==

提比略皇帝是奥古斯都大帝的继任者85374032c9c9f2b5e7ed0e3bed73bbf9052f28b6,他那出身妓女的宠姬弗罗拉是个非常放荡的女人IzViMDg1OGE4NDEzMzc=,经常在提比略的身上留下又抓又咬的伤痕f0ca39409ffcabf6e703856029b4c4ed2b5c08ec,这已经足以让罗马人喜爱她了22a5da91ee92315f94bfb652dd4bf056。后来JjViMDg1OGE4NDE2N2I=,弗罗拉又将她的巨额遗产全部捐赠给了罗马市民ITViMDg1OGE4NGQwZWM=。于是弗罗拉获得了罗马人献给她的一座神庙f960a5cd17e430da39c7e70aba269c379bd134ea,神庙内供奉的是弗罗拉巨大的阴户模型MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3fGeytbGi,并从此以后每年都在4月26日到5月23日这段时间内JTViMDg1OGE4NDFiNzc=,为她举行庆典以资纪念MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsqVg313ZbJ6iKuxpc-iNWIwODU4YTgzMTZjYQ==

 QDViMDg1OGE4MzE4Njc=

庆典期间MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3fZy9pbWi,妓女们活跃在街头JTViMDg1OGE4NDFlYmM=,展示她们薄纱后面的迷人身段MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3faCwtcui,男人们注意到1c17664ad8c90dcf84d254389792edf4,就连她们的胴体都是化了妆的!ITViMDg1OGE4MzFhMGE=

IzViMDg1OGE4MzFiYzE=

庆典达于高潮时KjViMDg1OGE4NDIzZDA=,妓女们把一具鲜花簇拥着的巨大阳具MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3gGOwzrWi,拖向弗罗拉神庙ad270f74c29ac6c5442bc3cb0c670d45,让它去穿刺弗罗拉巨大的阴户6bb204ff21bc1460aae9beee0adbce6cc1734330。完成交媾仪式之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3gGa8tbmi,放荡的罗马男女们便冲向圆形剧场狂欢MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3gGixpami,而妓女们此时则向男人们提供不要钱的“维纳斯的服务”23cfb882c40bf3267db1bccfd65fe1911d8c63d2d17739e8521cebe69a1b607d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbGtfZ6828ei

据塔西佗在《编年史》中说7289a7bc79c853c7b2401875b17482c730914cd7,这个实际上是纪念妓女的节日5850690bf4d4e2d03e61ee57948c6542,被叫作JDViMDg1OGE4MzIwYmU=

JTViMDg1OGE4MzIyNzM=

罗马花节MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ6iGWxtbGiJTViMDg1OGE4MzI0MjM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbGtgGOypaWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbGtgGWwuLmi

罗马风气QDViMDg1OGE4NDJmOGQ=,天下不绝QDViMDg1OGE4MzI5MGU=

-+-5019c1465d1206d7f6329c7b6d5c945f4a65ccc4

b2b7ab343f25cdae0dd4ce29ce35fe7d329c0f29

此后MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2FpriYjYqZYbGgkaCyoqGi,民间对酒神的崇祀活动870b78f5c5758b4dda084edb59cef584,在欧洲从未中断MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ6iGewta2i。例如20个世纪之后ITViMDg1OGE4NDM0OTE=,卢本斯(Peter Paul RubensMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsqVg313ZbJ3hGO9uLWi,1577年—1640年)在他杰出的画作《甘尔迈斯》中b790b48ba71c0161ae47d9af5bc9bdb272886abe,就无所顾忌地描写了法兰德斯人的酒神节——甘尔迈斯87d4cac3fcfc3873eeee2cf6cb1cfa1cMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbGtgZ28zqmi

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbGtgZ-xuLGi

5e871a10b482bfb7fa65f0b808e3ea340108214b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbGthKu8y8ui

ee462c5edbb3c1a0942ab2dc0299bf87

● 卢本斯(Peter Paul Rubens)画作《甘尔迈斯》JTViMDg1OGE4MzM2NWM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsqVg313ZbGthGW8y8-i

所不同的是51f3ad058a326ed21fc96184d3174161,法兰德斯人已经用不着在深夜偷偷摸摸地举行欢会JjViMDg1OGE4NDNiMzU=,他们就在大白天dbc003989f6c185d383c0510ee8079588d06b8be,在野外MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsqVg313ZbJ3hZ6wzrmi,开怀畅饮ITViMDg1OGE4NDQwMTY=,纵情笑闹MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3iKqx262i,任由自己的血管为美酒怒张IzViMDg1OGE4NGRjYjY=。他们疯狂地拥抱、接吻KjViMDg1OGE4NDQzNjc=,肆无忌惮地性交4d4cca9983bafb7b842097e188184cd99b55e372。法国学者丹纳评价这幅名画:“在鲜艳洁白的裸体上面9ca127cd27febea0417b78c4c45eba3cc04d5011,在肉欲旺盛的血色上面577534b867da94bd6574ba13699e1970cb093372,在毫无顾忌的放荡中间KjViMDg1OGE4NDQ3Zjg=,尽量炫耀生活的富足1e76e9ce1737f115d2c46872238ca2bd39ac09d7,尽量发泄粗野的快乐……”9873bd69b013134323d154aa109f3ac4

 XjViMDg1OGE4MzNiODY=

显然8edfe1aff39065bbea6a193c5f3c17bed0fa8b5e,卢本斯并不是在杜撰故事IzViMDg1OGE4NDRjODY=,他描写的是先后饱受过勃艮第公国、日耳曼帝国和西班牙蹂躏02c8ced93dfa56d3b4985b2144b371f9,又经历了残酷的宗教战争之后NWIwODU4YTg0NGZhOA==,法兰德斯人终于获得了一个难得的休养生息的大好时期NWIwODU4YTg0NTE0Ng==,于是他们原始的生命力复苏了b926e461c8189a314f0da5835be727a2,历史的记忆也被激活了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsqVg313ZbJ3jK2wuKmi,来自各方面的文化禁忌都失效了JjViMDg1OGE4NDU1Zjc=,一种更为健壮有力的“人”被凸现出来……这说明QDViMDg1OGE4NDU3YTM=,酒神节的仪式从来就没有被人们遗忘过MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsqVg313ZbJ6iZ-827miMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2FpriYjYqZq7FlgaCwyKGi

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpsqVg313ZbGthZ68taWi

17世纪3c243c8359aa5ad606d0fd351919657a70515c7a,欧洲又开始盛行希腊罗马式的祭神仪式ce2a64a51c7ff477a8392977bf088c08a18b6d19。这些活动中有一种似乎回归到了圣娼时代0aed96768da747ad1f001a40e8ed48531c2c334e5220cdd9f154b3a56735969dae460190

 b356636399e3513e5fe680d6b3791836

在参与仪式活动的男女中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3jGiyqLGi,允许人们彼此亲吻身体的任何部位JTViMDg1OGE4NGU1MDY=。在场的“魔鬼”们一旦提出要求46a740a6cc68869bf2814dee8c40f020494bea96,女人便有义务跟他们性交MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsqVg313ZbJ3jZ28zrGi,不能拒绝9c983e882be7ddcc8d59c1c1815f34335a962071。但“魔鬼”往往很坏MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3jZ-xy62i,他们常常用淫具“把女人弄得大喊大叫”JjViMDg1OGE4NDYxMjY=,因为那些玩具生殖器“就像骡子那玩意儿一样”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2FpriYjYqZYbKdfGix2KGi,还“像鱼一样长着鳞片”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsqVg313ZbJ3kK2wk6mi,要么是“滚烫的”37a45745694391ee6f023ea327e41a4558a8b070,要么是“冰凉的”……bc01782ae45a10d9b9a4dc5ebf6ac83b

 36695e2c362caabefcb3bc79f47ec677aac83ff5

到17世纪末MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsqVg313ZbJ3kGWxtbmi,还出现过由皇家组织的群交狂欢活动:菲利浦二世的亚当节JjViMDg1OGE4NGU4NjM=。高贵绅士和美丽的命妇淑女们29520af3694e25963c2699b5d655bfb87dc74b21,夜夜都聚集在永不消散的宫廷夜宴上JTViMDg1OGE4NDZhYWQ=,争奇斗艳NWIwODU4YTg0NmM0Yw==,优雅风流e4f24c9e4539b8e32811197f3a10978d,而每次宴会都有个高潮MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3kZ-wk62i,那就是随意地群交……NWIwODU4YTgzNDc0Ng==

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2FpriYjYqZq7J3m5ywyKGi

酒神节狂欢所表达的性交崇拜和对群交历史的再现MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3kaC9pc-i,一直深深地刺激着人类6e5b8a8840cd3e3a9c6127f635e793d82f0c8748,以至那种历史的记忆在心灵上已成为抹杀不掉的痕迹b51c71e0366492d0acd4ebd1658d76dc。甚至直到眼下5cd6dc44e8aebf2b7132546bc4d756e1,澳大利亚人在圣诞节时仍可跳进国王十字街的喷水池中4e202452e186425d43c0658329c84ba49e233e49,在那里享受陌生男女相互亲吻、性交之乐7c7b0d4d247e71008cc88dc6611248923a5634ffMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpsqVg313ZbGtiGixuLWi

b2685a3b0b2a5a61d1d614e0c7fc4f8f246b15c1

如果说968dd431163e16ad5aa4fd653fdadbe11bca8012,罗马政府对酒神节活动的镇压是出于政治考虑的话JDViMDg1OGE4NDc5MGE=,那么MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3mmixy6mi,上古时期的中国同样是出于政治考虑d77b4805921e04a999c70f818a0dd025,在力劝它的人民积极参与“仲春之会”——一种类似酒神节的“团体操”狂欢活动MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ6jZ2wy8ei1b78522a97fe757bee92844b6018b1e2

 92dbedaa473a7003049fcb173560466fe41b4e97

有趣的是JTViMDg1OGE4NDdkYzY=,罗马帝国没能堵住汹涌澎湃的酒神节活动XjViMDg1OGE4NDdmNTM=,自己却被裹挟进去MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbJ3m6C8uK2i,醉得一塌糊涂8569d6d779de1e15a30bbbcebcb4f983,最终导致了帝国的灭亡QDViMDg1OGE4NGVmMzM=。而古代中国历代王朝始终都领导着性游戏的潮流e40959b894168abf50a76ff589ef4341,常常开风气之先XjViMDg1OGE4NDg1YmE=,上行下效JTViMDg1OGE4NDg3NDQ=,却能安邦治国KjViMDg1OGE4NDg4Y2U=,实现有效的社会控制QDViMDg1OGE4NGYwZTU=1c38904b04eb2cd5e04d2a60b97ec4ec

 04dfb7859b921ac7c8b0dc0f341a4da17a4045d7

f054fa75c31c4d302c17966895ba633d2885b098

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsqVg313ZbGtjGSwk7mi

KjViMDg1OGE4MzU4MjQ=

书名:《性文化简史》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsqVg313ZbGtjGeypami

作者:李书崇cfb0d46d8ae253f5247a8046e078bb1c

出版方:北京斯坦威图书有限责任公司a92e45d316389d8eab3064d585f7580f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsqVg313ZbGtjZ6ytbWi

3adafb18d125b2a8a8cf18293e3a684c

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