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南方方言真的比北方方言更洋气吗?丨脑洞问答

欢迎光临我知的暂定周末栏目“脑洞问答”4b9911758d47b5584faf6606cd291d50。我们会从知了留言的提问中发掘出一些脑洞清奇的问题MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtmmaxpb2i,尽编辑部平生所学回答一下1d7ee3ef9b4c0fbb27f7a2e844e6495e,用知识hold住脑洞eca750c479b393a9840b7ba4816fcc465b2104d1。你可以在后台中留言给我们提问QDViMDE2MzY3NzdiOWM=,记得打上#脑洞#标签39a3816a42da1ee89e4ebf93e15259c964c6139df76b554880374734719b809ae3aa1cb233afe13b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKthZu9y7Gi

仁贵:为什么南方方言听上去会比北方方言洋气?是因为经济上南方比北方强c42efef1a7875d51deaf9a49d3bbbeed095e31d1,所以给人留下了这个印象?还是有其他原因?fc9ae2040c96e1694bc4bee47dbd2d15

 41a9db20ebce4c62161d06c863ecd553

会说东北话里最洋气的东北话的值班编辑 / 冬鱼MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtrzegqCVZLFlkK29oqGi

 7f1e231b9020e1bccd7998233cab8b61b0be6346

南方的范围很广MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtm56yqKmi,有西南中南东南79f01341da2dba9b3ade328bf5d3154d765851fc,东南又有福建广东海南f47206a4e2516a1aa1c6207017bf03e5c8d99c64,广东又有广府客家潮汕QDViMDE2MzY3N2MxZTU=。他们的方言更是多种多样、截然不同JjViMDE2MzY3N2MzM2Q=1bc635c5a36113aa2725a900a9095c94

JDViMDE2MzY3NzQ0NTY=

c52c7740428bf5cb6319ab792858c8301fe190db

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtiGWwpa2i

bf196c18aab36dfd6739c7259ccaa06cb69598a4

这位知了说的听起来洋气的南方方言大概是指包邮区一代的吴方言和两广地区的粤语吧MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgbCLZLJlhK2yqKmi毕竟很多南方地区的方言听起来也并不悦耳1d5b978148abc6e3af7cce4a4dc029c96555acc9MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtiGixpcui

那么如果问题是为什么吴方言和粤语听起来洋气2942d23b7204b31bafaeba1472cbe8c3,那经济文化的因素确实就很关键了f5e731a7a21806f4494de94a1f72880b。经济文化发达地区的人说话就是洋气啊KjViMDE2MzY3N2M4ZjE=。至于穷人64e6b2299be521cd0f352fc679ffc2e650fe6be3,不光说话土MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgbCLZLKtnmSyqK2i,干啥都MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtiZu8uLmi

248c77f2ab8fd367f0b63619bce08fd221892dbc

01e97bec86f0e9053d457acad0d98ce5458114bceade78a4f3e3cfcf59c49f96a4fbdbdd

我们在多数的电视广播影视剧中看到ed0da7aaa67bf80319879533f0f3f78547f10103,操南方口音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgbCLZLKtnme9uLmi,特别是上海话和粤语的人大都衣着光鲜、出手阔绰7744ccd9cf03f480250e2d32c797d63b13b233d6,你会自然觉得他们说话的调调挺洋气a0fdce84f4ce039de5a5a14a03a17f11,但一旦实际打过交道MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtn56ypcei,这种好印象能不能维持就说不定了NWIwMTYzNjc3Y2MxZA==c14b219636859be6e98f23aa62054f338914fb35

而且MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtn6Cwpa2i,你能接触到的南方方言大都是比较上档次的b2643a894f588aeb236414dda08fcb5bc4f4bbd3。事实上f333591f18fc48bc4655e511e83bab52,南方的边缘地区也有很多说话土的人d2fe8e6b01db06ff6c37f89dda922d7a,只是生活在城市里的你平常没机会听到罢了b0c6207b770e4f89a839143f2173db1780da1ec40c35f057c0c63819ccefe68688671b6a8ed3f728

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgbCLZLKtjKu8k62i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtjK2xtbmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtjGO9y62i

● 南北方在土气上的差异349f05e758c8c998ebc58bcb49da48e1

 7571be53815e859966ad3bf8c74405ac

而北方口音常在朴实穷苦的农民形象上出现c1a791ea6c35311f1cc7a48414b8bdb4,会让人形成一种北方人说话很土的刻板印象MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgbCLZLJlhaCxk6mi。但其实有的北方方言比如北京话听起来也还挺洋派MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtomSwqLGi,有不少人会刻意模仿呢f49979a541a3b92d060281c7e36d345bMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtjGi9y6Wi

1a689507fe55ddab69d589cefa9175ca7f3bc53c

再有一点MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgbCLZLKtomWytbGi,大多数北方方言更接近普通话JDViMDE2MzY3Nzk5NTI=,而南方的方言更多更复杂NWIwMTYzNjc3OWFlMQ==,也更难听懂IzViMDE2MzY3NzljNjk=,人对陌生的语言大多都会持客观中立的态度88964c1875b1f62b8ccebee5b81469b0,但能听懂一点的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKto5-xy6mi,你就会有意无意地把它和普通话对比56767cea02ff6e1a847292f275da306ead07a062,那觉得土一点也是正常感受2cfbe1b5fe9c090d48711efd84821441113bf125MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtjZ6wtami

fc80dd90119a0e92822cc944c685a953d8ad98c9

有的知了会问JTViMDE2MzY3N2EyODI=,南方人相对柔软的发音确实比北方人更粗犷、更硬的发音更好听啊MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgbCLZLJlfKy8k72i,比如你多半会觉得韩国人说话比朝鲜人洋MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtrzegqCVZL2HiGOwoqGi,而台湾地区的人说话也比大陆人说话更嗲4a41eaf6c3db8889ce6f72b2f7abfc62d0992091。可这也只是你主观的感受罢了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgbCLZLJlfGS8tbmi,还有不少人觉得柔软的发音方式“娘”呢477eeb18496eeb45be494ea41b79ae49b9f91581MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgbCLZLKtkKqytaWi

 02625b6f7154c8be6d7f93cb667b244aa6c22a75

45f8e2eb4c3e2f833f6fc6be55c05806bbfda7db

8e27c72b958cbd3f9d882992b3be057a

上面说的多是个体经验fe2262d81e8d6d0a146c1bc5c2bdc0b500a17a7e,那在客观上有没有什么论据证明哪种发音更洋气呢?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgbCLZLKtkGW9uK2i

有语言学家认为ITViMDE2MzY3N2E5YTA=,说话的升降幅度太大13da01d5480b4dc1df76eb287850c2f5f10fc8fa,重音太多会相对难听58fa4101b4dd05feb66330d4a29150e646eb860f。在汉藏语系中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgbCLZLJlfZyxqLWi,完全没有平声MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgbCLZLJlfZ28uL2i,降调又很明显的语言会显得比较“粗鲁”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgbCLZLJlfZ-w27Wi,而像一些南方方言中有声调变化但幅度较小的会很好听JDViMDE2MzY3N2Q5YjY=644fe370d7f697997c2064bc7a3b9e38678972b8

另外MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgbCLZLJlfaC8taWi,北方人说话大多比较靠后JDViMDE2MzY3N2IyMmY=,辅音比较多bb641ebeb72b9c63ce504efa95516166,辅音因为声波不规律604ffd654322dc8beca5555be306b12e08e53f98,所以不是太好听;而南方人说话会相对靠前cac26101c93f00d1e4956034bb65096a,ang、ing这类发音也比较少3b8818cc55c69ab93f9501809d49f3b8a4a9b8db,所以会更悦耳MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgbCLZLJliZuwqLWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgbCLZLKtkZuwtbmi

 当然KjViMDE2MzY3N2I5NTI=,很多北方人并不认为南方人说话洋气NWIwMTYzNjc3YmFjMg==,尤其是听南方人说着蹩脚普通话的时候76bfd95efc33dab98186beae367c4e31e328038817231c1adf3eb0f54156db7c81c1f7e8

IzViMDE2MzY3NzZlZDU=

更何况f390d81e38d39d428db538f3c3c0f3e1,南方人说话听起来再洋气又有什么用呢?高考语文试卷第一题的答案JTViMDE2MzY3NzcwMzI=

3fb89345df97485fd76a71fe222562f990217106

只以普通话为准啊MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtrzegqCVZL56iKqxsqGiKjViMDE2MzY3NzcyZjE=

4d7432f6c293c63c8ad501f7f5f25cdaffccc43c

3cb460ef0eb96dae539ce51c4b99ccea7bd77f98

ITViMDE2MzY3Nzc2ZjM=

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