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为什么肯德基麦当劳卖的是土豆条而不是红薯条?

炒红果:#脑洞#明明红薯条也很好吃KjVhNjRmNTdhNDBkNWM=,为什么我们在快餐店看到的薯条都是土豆做的3a54f8021061120c3e950ec9211392d6224c6b32,而不是红薯做的?JTVhNjRmNTdhMzdjNDk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzLXRgoqWmbGtm52ytcei

08015125645276c64d0f3b7a2ec0232f

薯条要蘸麦旋风的值班编辑/马马马50aeb494a76d3f937c9d027e3fdc4503

74c9b6dd09de2acdb483b4e7c5ea7841

0eb2a61307779f6762cce959bd872910

红薯条比不上土豆条的直观原因MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3eZ-9zr2i7b292ed3b2a814cd47bf4816ce79582a3a19c520

KjVhNjRmNTdhMzg1YmI=

是口感问题QDVhNjRmNTdhNDZmMDg=631f163db4f6fa34036dcc56778f902b

21c9b6ec3dd4cb0e52f8ea6ed2927c29

红薯比土豆含糖量高、油炸爱粘连97759eda12dca193195a1f060f7b5617,热的时候韧性大、凉了之后硬度高MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3fKu8tbGi,甚至往往需要包裹面粉才能炸成型MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3kaCxuLGi1ac5dcb63bd3f3b22aafe7fafd5e7b119fc793fe

 b4cf11327b6d5110424f133bf383c317

但想想同样不怎么酥脆的美式鸡块7daf82045a8ca6e0d4d954c152b8748a,我们就能知道e3c346625b42969360c6e2f158c24933,一种食物流行程度的决定性因素f42f2219cac015568a3c976cc42af13f3d30fc5dda3d4f5cf0a4d78d76f33822

85473ad67284edba564aa0f6b3eda9a37271efea

肯定不是口感396007a5dc0dceb113a501a5cabecf500f232dd6MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzLXRgoqWmbGtn569zq2i

c4ba65511a95575192a9e593877836bf

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzLXRgoqWmbGtoqqypc-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLXRgoqWmbGtoqu8k7Wi

●  也并不难吃的甘梅地瓜条69a7f4c058e5dfbbf9238ddaf707b3cc6cd2fdc2

JTVhNjRmNTdhMzk1NWU=

显然d152f95baf3dfc03375ecec1407396a65f187ee5,麦当劳也好、肯德基也好、汉堡王Wendy’s也好KjVhNjRmNTdhNDE5MzM=,都是美国籍的快餐店NWE2NGY1N2E0NzMyMQ==MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLXRgoqWmbGtomS8uKmi

1d14f6b0dfe556a4d8f64812dcdbf1aa

就算在中国市场推出了油条豆浆川香汉堡4a015d00f1cf9cbcd53594d3222f5d8b,他们设计菜单的时候f2d57fa0858248f47b552a3e2077aca932ed77bbMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbGtomewzrGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiEqbyVgmh3q7OHomiwyKGi

还是必然会受美国本土饮食的影响MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3mq2x262ic45e6f179b16465a1c83377bbe171938

所以MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3fZ2wpbWi,在问为什么肯德基、麦当劳只把土豆给炸了时947c5b1eb8b2f95d0a492e1394de4ed239de6ead,我们得先看看abb72b3764be27abb9087ed9552d79a1,为什么美国人相比红薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiEqbyVgmh3YbGKkZ6xsqGi,更爱吃土豆条?986ee05194033e229768d6550d4721f3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLXRgoqWmbGto569tc-i

首先是“传统文化”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3mmO8k7mi8904aa4792a57333c0ecebdab5c864d2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFlfKq8y6Wi

土豆和红薯的身世差不多b7aa64d0986d0b084360346e44566a04,这两种原产南美洲的农作物IzVhNjRmNTdhNDIzOTc=,在地理大发现时代MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3gK29uLGi,一起在16世纪被西班牙人带回了欧洲b234f1a197452a8e520ac92804ae053a,再一步步推广到全世界8870e8813a7c08ddd8240d89373f83f3MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzLXRgoqWmbFlfKywpcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFlfK2xy6Wi

a6728f6181b7dd0f936d56f1207928508ea6dba7

1620年84ed0e11eeff2d3a190a9e6ba2738f34,五月花号带着第一批穷困潦倒的清教徒抵达北美新大陆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3gGewpcui,这帮人主要来自英国JjVhNjRmNTdhNDc4ODA=d6e7612b71973bcf79860491698eb05c2406f717

KjVhNjRmNTdhM2E4YTk=

后来c2ac5a754bc5eda4fa9c4315b8d754e2,欧洲移民源源不断地来到北美殖民地eb9e9b22d86cc412ba5d6a6781ae1d9f,法国、西班牙、荷兰、爱尔兰人都是移民里的主力军0e01832c65f8b770bc521067014deba1JjVhNjRmNTdhM2FhMDM=

58468c5ba3afbf852cb9f5a878312088909e094d

美国吃炸马铃薯条的习惯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3gZ2wqLWi,就是从欧洲传来的JTVhNjRmNTdhNDdiMzA=NWE2NGY1N2EzYWNjOQ==

87829820ac9f79a91c49d557f47facf8

如今炸土豆条的形状和吃法排列组合一下有几十种MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3gZ6xzq2i,不过不管是英国的炸鱼薯条、德国的大香肠配薯条、还是法国比利时的深炸薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3gZ-8zrWif7388d420d48b9194f007592fd1fff2d

JDVhNjRmNTdhM2IxMDI=

最开始都是在穷人里流行起来的5ce90081237474bcc00b2252ada6bff060b11ed0785b74876953bb5d53e963100561b0bc

1815992f2030177f34f5ae6205cdafd3

五十年代中国人穷的时候JDVhNjRmNTdhNDMxMTM=,曾经大范围吃水多料少的红薯稀饭度日MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiEqbyVgmh3YbJlhZ69oqGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFlgGOwy8ui

ITVhNjRmNTdhM2I2ODM=

土豆在几百年前的欧洲85a9885d3986aaf9ef85e9e260f8bfa87373a29d,地位就和红薯稀饭在六十年前的中国差不多e36aa7df463ce41087e3e677fc6b42b2370a1e1182f91dd09e043874f5c766ca5183417c

7131e131a3830c421e8a64d8da0b7d2d

世胄人家拒绝土豆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3hKy8zrmi,认为《圣经》里没提过这种“野蛮人的食物”IzVhNjRmNTdhNDM1Mjk=,吃了要得麻风病2e0d2a37cfb81dadb98401e780a7f0a6MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzLXRgoqWmbFlgGix26Wi

1f4be09f6632bf9d4c8082a29f4acceabf885f66

而且土豆长在地底下JTVhNjRmNTdhNDM2N2I=,和高贵挺拔的麦穗不同7295faab2f0adf5454e21a6178307657e16c6c68,不配做成面包IzVhNjRmNTdhNDgxZTc=IzVhNjRmNTdhM2JjZWM=

 9acea92e11b1446380f14d3f302de997098effec

但是食物洁癖向来只属于贵族MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3hGewuK2i,挣扎在死亡线上的平民百姓可管不了那么多MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3nqyw28uid3ab3df985e789e76ada5fb97d58e68439170f63

JTVhNjRmNTdhM2MwYzQ=

16世纪末XjVhNjRmNTdhNDNhOGM=,土豆传入英国JTVhNjRmNTdhNDNiZGY=,并迅速地在英国MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3hZ2wzrmi,尤其是爱尔兰地区传播开来1070f3bb8e9bfc40a0bb0a5d69b8d237941cf694d09307b70be0359ebc377f630927fb16

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFlhKyxtcei

到了1650年86611739db0cc247bfaef2eac087298f80479564,土豆就成了爱尔兰的主要粮食作物ae2b9a55e915259479da07c0ce9a3cffJjVhNjRmNTdhM2M0YTA=

XjVhNjRmNTdhM2M1ZTc=

最晚在18世纪末2e90469eb450662b2075dae03a2ee0bcMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzLXRgoqWmbFlhGWwy8ui

37d83076abf64542006760fbf2c0dc24eaf1f6fb

炸土豆条已经在欧洲大陆遍地开花b94823671917f8bc26144c261e96c6fdIzVhNjRmNTdhM2M5YTk=

dde271f9b137766b7b6fffdf9db99b7d

JjVhNjRmNTdhM2NjMmM=

f977b34bf8bda27b1536c10ba34abc15171a3d9d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFlhZ68y7Wi

●  英国国菜 炸鱼薯条fa87af20af78e02984d0f902be3f8dabec263a1f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFliKqw28ui

欧洲当时也有红薯ITVhNjRmNTdhNDQxM2Y=,为什么穷人只爱吃土豆?JTVhNjRmNTdhM2QyNzY=

d4ff53d63113f7baa525b5021c94201172c48e3c

这就涉及到更本质的问题:XjVhNjRmNTdhM2Q0ZjE=

JjVhNjRmNTdhM2Q2NGI=

土豆和红薯的种植条件不一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3nma8tceiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFliGWytb2i

 IzVhNjRmNTdhM2Q4Yzk=

从适应性上看e9367fe9d5db84352ef7218fdd08dbbb,土豆可以完爆红薯282826bab2274ad565f0d4469fb341fe6322855638468703c212685d680c4d58

2dea8110cf3ab644ec0d9c48371974a9

土豆春夏秋冬都能种MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3iKy9tami,三摄氏度以上就能发芽NWE2NGY1N2E0NDU1Yg==,两三个月就能收获9f904cb08d79f5ee46f9c365a3db7f1e,耐寒耐旱3c68f89b0716ab5bebafdc973114eb1d,酸性碱性土壤都能适应MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3iGextbWi,一般不会绝收MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3iGi8y6mi,堪称救穷人于水火的神器d20dcb12038f7448f4ea50709e12d9149ade43e5MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFliZyytaWi

 c8726ce30562c557dfbfc656d33112e7

而红薯就要娇气得多JTVhNjRmNTdhNDRjMDc=,十摄氏度以下不发芽ITVhNjRmNTdhNDRkNTk=,虽然在南美洲长得好好的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3iZ68tcui,但是移植到北半球以后8cbedd2c912b622c6e91f0b3a4f8aef4,除了北回归线以南e906275998e7c8d280f699bd7fa6917b430d7fd2,其他地方基本只能四月种植十月收获ef68d18b9f3dd050a02f9a9bc173ca4a,非常不灵活MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiEqbyVgmh3YbN6gZu82KGi7e9b9f6651ee3f7cf7e2597c804f42af

146486446e82488c9c61764eb518163d

穷人想充饥还得等半年?46b29e6da0a77b7231e87ab86a2328ddbf7a068e

e0b10ad70b0fe6df55df854c80e3088ce7d52785

人们决定放弃红薯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3n56wpbWi650ffe12e74174274e7938a80931a9e142e81f0a

 QDVhNjRmNTdhM2U1Njc=

一般认为7d5793258b715c43750a4ed464265ec8b3cf373f,美式快餐店里的薯条NWE2NGY1N2E0NTU3YQ==,是在一战时期MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3jGS828-i,美国士兵从法国和比利时习得的饮食习惯的影响下诞生的213276fe93e6002b2e1c171de8428c720124b26bd8064a48d49e2fbba34de182d63b9822

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiEqbyVgmh3q76HmqqxyKGi

不同于欧洲现炸现卖的饮食习惯MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3jGawuLGi,热爱速冻和半成品的美国人be1d72772fe2b4b87de481846a4e73f3,在上世纪六十年代dc99d6e2f21419ba2118b1e7b62fecb8,发明了速冻炸薯条NWE2NGY1N2E0OTBiZA==9a438268e7db680f5e5237b11dad8597ac69bf60

 QDVhNjRmNTdhM2VhOTc=

如今0c64d79bd6a77521bacecd1278903c87b05a3895,十磅一袋的家庭优惠装速冻薯条堆满了美国超市的货架39727cb52ee57556a68545e0c3528795,而全球美式快餐店的炸薯条f1774afe22ac48db9e515af33c9eb30c,其实也是由辛普劳等餐饮业巨头预炸后配送的fc344b87452ef8a7ad313c59b64a9d2e4791d50e254fd0ed58bcc544c8966542354b68c7

c2df02b64e47576634fec57587534823

改良后的薯条消费模式KjVhNjRmNTdhNDYwMzQ=,越发越发具有现代化气息014ca76791877f1d33d3a250ea0bc9f3,和当代生活无比契合ITVhNjRmNTdhNDkzN2E=JTVhNjRmNTdhM2VlNTk=

c30fc11abc9fcf04bb5162cbae70f8d4

b76408294d4c1a379795a6eb32711749

f7bfe157d2cf2e69a6bff28948719b8565908825

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFlkKyxuLWi

●  就是这种粗糙的食物MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFlkK2yuKmi

67191b4254bd26984121c7136162e905863f5fa5

种种历史因素的影响下5443e73bb6b24d3fe11a571c67c1c038,土豆和红薯这一对南美兄弟MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3kK2wk7Wi202e9b3728eaa77e4260c134b2a59433

1c97e88105699657a58d2b2328044c1417b9b0ce

如今国际地位天差地别MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3oq28k6miMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFlkGe9zr2i

259983f0a34c3bab053b57d817cc8ad7f21c5035

据联合国粮农组织统计a87197547aa0ba84b94fc8d9d580e468,2012年全球的土豆种植面积是红薯的两倍16a55e525b82260cf8f78f102860b01b52f0a2e8,总产量是红薯的三倍多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3omSwzrGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbFlkZy8y8-i

 b15fe4b90c5751535d92a88cee03941189df55c5

土豆收获面积前十位的国家里IzVhNjRmNTdhNDY4NDQ=,俄罗斯、乌克兰、美国和波兰都榜上有名adc56ba163e411e46adeb09745ce30e6f38168c2QDVhNjRmNTdhM2ZmNzI=

IzVhNjRmNTdhNDAwYzQ=

红薯的主产区则是中国、尼日利亚、坦桑利亚、乌干达、印尼、越南、马达加斯加、安哥拉、莫桑比克和巴布亚新几内亚——NWE2NGY1N2E0MDIyMA==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3eKyx26Wi

一个西方国家都没有606be54c779b3d23f376bdd52f2ae48dd59e39cfMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiEqbyVgmh3YbF3hZ28sqGi

 XjVhNjRmNTdhNDA2M2Q=

所以MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3kGeytbWi,不是说现在爱吃炸土豆条的人还是那么穷054c2a5eec715eb35fafc7baa01e3f16,也不是说红薯不能炸1e03357208f46a9fbfcef86296ca1a4c,或者快餐店们对红薯条有偏见58608b3542549833080b1aa8d4ef82c1d73d5ca5JjVhNjRmNTdhNDA3OTg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3eGa9zrWi

只是想改变这个在西方世界根植了几百年的饮食习惯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3kZ2yqLGi,难度可能和逼着北方人吃饺子蘸沙茶酱一样困难MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzLXRgoqWmbJ3o5u9y7GiNWE2NGY1N2E0MGE3YQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiEqbyVgmh3YbF6fZ6w2KGi

 

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