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为什么肯德基麦当劳卖的是土豆条而不是红薯条?

炒红果:#脑洞#明明红薯条也很好吃MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdnmSxqK2i,为什么我们在快餐店看到的薯条都是土豆做的ITViMDc0MjcwMjg3ZDk=,而不是红薯做的?3260174d76b3382ce438b452be2eff1c

9765b7728de421efcb0a4afc66bb6ed8812c4bad

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGKjZuyqLmi

薯条要蘸麦旋风的值班编辑/马马马IzViMDc0MjcwMWVkMTk=

97aa74775ec91faf246ce5a7163f3b0755de4067

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGKjZ-8zq2i

红薯条比不上土豆条的直观原因913ab56b16cd74be79e47479426b5c9d830aee62d8dcda9695c54946554414ed13b395ae

NWIwNzQyNzAxZjI3Zg==

是口感问题KjViMDc0MjcwMmVmZGI=cd73e1b09713364306b0cf324126d47720302e8d

2f164effa88ccf49ba29a2192964e200

红薯比土豆含糖量高、油炸爱粘连11a4818b9827f2767ddd88740a0e2ea4,热的时候韧性大、凉了之后硬度高MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdn5ywpa2i,甚至往往需要包裹面粉才能炸成型fb8013c4c2df4545c6b524a01f6581c0d9be2f2aXjViMDc0MjcwMWY2OTM=

 14bef91a8238feb81c6cec42f5c4fbc54427cbe7

但想想同样不怎么酥脆的美式鸡块83967efd85791e1e961a12499b96e510,我们就能知道4f01087f5bf3a07f8d23ae6e2b6092acadbca18c,一种食物流行程度的决定性因素MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdn6Cx28ui60a73622f15e8c6ccb92c1a5f65f3cd6

64dabb1a9c49393a5fcf1a35bca7fbd8

肯定不是口感MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGgkKu8ta2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGKkZywy6mi

JjViMDc0MjcwMWZkOGE=

1792359657fae887b88b2103ca5edb2e339b4f2f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGKkaCw28ui

●  也并不难吃的甘梅地瓜条IzViMDc0MjcwMjAxODQ=

f8cd183ed371eb8c72dbcef7d0b2d7cfd31dd678

显然MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2E3LTdgrBzqrOHeaCw2KGi,麦当劳也好、肯德基也好、汉堡王Wendy’s也好KjViMDc0MjcwMjkzODY=,都是美国籍的快餐店d204eec8d2efe08f21bb1360abb1faec1b0fb208e8879de3cb8a3d9235200ddab1a4ba9c

ITViMDc0MjcwMjA1OGY=

就算在中国市场推出了油条豆浆川香汉堡JTViMDc0MjcwMjk0ZmY=,他们设计菜单的时候MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdomSxtamiaab47b8a04fda7cde81806c16638b595

9ce8b1ea80c8a4264b8a9a3e1405c9c52702229c

还是必然会受美国本土饮食的影响JDViMDc0MjcwMmY1OWI=7e33a85b4897e743fbc71be37206771d

所以MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdomW828ei,在问为什么肯德基、麦当劳只把土豆给炸了时JjViMDc0MjcwMjk5NTA=,我们得先看看MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGdomi8tami,为什么美国人相比红薯条8b90894f0fc78563fd40cbf05f2c2fee,更爱吃土豆条?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdeZuwpa2i

7d9ef9d0b565c02d7043c6f2cb0d6764

首先是“传统文化”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGgkGS9uLWid30bca9593b289e47987f5bde3866819

QDViMDc0MjcwMjBmMjQ=

土豆和红薯的身世差不多83793b78a91bee8bae1534b0413108f3,这两种原产南美洲的农作物fdaea1c69015df5f0fa2b3c2817144f01ecb41b0,在地理大发现时代XjViMDc0MjcwMmEwNzU=,一起在16世纪被西班牙人带回了欧洲XjViMDc0MjcwMmExZWI=,再一步步推广到全世界IzViMDc0MjcwMmY4NzA=JDViMDc0MjcwMjEwN2Y=

XjViMDc0MjcwMjExY2Q=

beb2563c43bcb64e4e8cd78a62f2ebae

1620年4b59bbd5105af73aae03f7d1565c9210,五月花号带着第一批穷困潦倒的清教徒抵达北美新大陆e03c9a62e020eb2ea3875a6915ecc209ccb4deb9,这帮人主要来自英国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGgkGe826mi3fc5120e3d7bc0caa5d1f26991e68d4af510da74

3d8c549eeab3cf738535a92775cfd9c7

后来JDViMDc0MjcwMmE2NGY=,欧洲移民源源不断地来到北美殖民地NWIwNzQyNzAyYTdjYw==,法国、西班牙、荷兰、爱尔兰人都是移民里的主力军443bfd0f2be5709f510f56136f602c0d13a988dfKjViMDc0MjcwMjE3YzM=

db7aa29022a4d6e0eb70842a3d6bc3d0

美国吃炸马铃薯条的习惯MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2E3LTdgrBzqr2Hnqy8sqGi,就是从欧洲传来的cafcaa17348ef3dd10cee291194edffd0e2497720ffa3c9cd5267e597d98f5d6e140764d

dbaa2f95b380c05663b2bf3e02cf54a480e8d81f

如今炸土豆条的形状和吃法排列组合一下有几十种bc33530a5875807135246fcdd05e0b65cc0cb463,不过不管是英国的炸鱼薯条、德国的大香肠配薯条、还是法国比利时的深炸薯条b758f2824bb3852956f893ebd923ed72555dcd517ef21e499329f11437701c98

59eb94f363b06308b875920d2a0ee5641956bf73

最开始都是在穷人里流行起来的222b2145e9c4e85b694a3e20568d53dff97cf991MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGdfaC8y8ui

19a46632fde4798410015aa55684e55a

五十年代中国人穷的时候JjViMDc0MjcwMmFkNWY=,曾经大范围吃水多料少的红薯稀饭度日dc931ef2fc30d258ff139eead0b694f23fd377cfMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGdgKy8y8ui

ITViMDc0MjcwMjI1NTY=

土豆在几百年前的欧洲e4e0e0b20fc56303a68dcd75cb675733,地位就和红薯稀饭在六十年前的中国差不多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGgkaC9y8-i7b77fb6dd3167a40e12e8f1f7f496063

23647a433e0de0cd6345f77ce8ee56e2b42db68e

世胄人家拒绝土豆23fa668a452d73e5caccda515df6e85b,认为《圣经》里没提过这种“野蛮人的食物”04add0c10abac300f4dfc9cfad3280daf0135a0c,吃了要得麻风病KjViMDc0MjcwMzAyNzk=51d8663e5a943864ae582a87b64ba537de740131

f61948af8f0534ddd2f6d0b8b4d99460

而且土豆长在地底下MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2E3LTdgrBzqr2dgKyxsqGi,和高贵挺拔的麦穗不同9d09a66778c26d6b2f0ef77e24a7cbfd,不配做成面包a30c33df418a0de5c71f4c29cb113a777410137c453b50ac587402ef2d060fe9b8130ce5c43a06a5

 XjViMDc0MjcwMjJlN2E=

但是食物洁癖向来只属于贵族MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGggGSwpcei,挣扎在死亡线上的平民百姓可管不了那么多4a3c8a9ede626b8f2ff3fc33c66cff5b237abafec18405270389031ae700866b83cf314b87479954

KjViMDc0MjcwMjMxNmI=

16世纪末672b5a0b6983df491b33cb54081488f3,土豆传入英国042173ae9da79c3bdd45e907921ca725944a7296,并迅速地在英国JDViMDc0MjcwMmJhNzM=,尤其是爱尔兰地区传播开来6e92195c3037fa13a73130f6d2d959841e2b09b7JTViMDc0MjcwMjMyZTA=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdhK2wzrmi

到了1650年af1f79ecf41cc85ab0d9f78c0d391240,土豆就成了爱尔兰的主要粮食作物NWIwNzQyNzAzMDg1ZQ==6e987f1c9780df0334380015dcf04b42

6e7a8d7755057a99d1f6005887821dde

最晚在18世纪末MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGggZ2w26miccb8b8256263f36d0f67439d3f60905f52b34b6a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdhGe8y62i

炸土豆条已经在欧洲大陆遍地开花JDViMDc0MjcwMzA5ZDM=ITViMDc0MjcwMjNiMTk=

6532386e763a5278c64f9b74881970a1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdhZ29pc-i

XjViMDc0MjcwMjNmNWU=

60b11d9a1810af8d0fd95a9a79dfc9e4

●  英国国菜 炸鱼薯条QDViMDc0MjcwMjQyMjk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdiKyxk72i

欧洲当时也有红薯326b9ba244bb8cb4c07327c7565b437afb20a1e9,为什么穷人只爱吃土豆?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGdiGOwpb2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGdiGSypbGi

这就涉及到更本质的问题:NWIwNzQyNzAyNDgzMA==

c9efa22d6ce357307628ab19cf107179

土豆和红薯的种植条件不一样ITViMDc0MjcwMzBiNDA=1b1c6779358e8bdad707cf262f98fde0dd1a0271

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGdiZyyqLGi

从适应性上看cbd8cf52f650242a02e6aace79532f0d9fe1bbab,土豆可以完爆红薯c9f7af7971d6d3aa7c9c9312cf639e53JDViMDc0MjcwMjRlMzc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdiZ-yqLGi

土豆春夏秋冬都能种MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGghKqytaWi,三摄氏度以上就能发芽MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGghKu9zrGi,两三个月就能收获MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGghK2xy72i,耐寒耐旱e56c814f0f456d386f44c2525a4fcf18,酸性碱性土壤都能适应10d2cba2e4481c46b4c933f6b6c7978d9d996c84,一般不会绝收XjViMDc0MjcwMmM4Y2Y=,堪称救穷人于水火的神器MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGteZ6wpbWi02036d6ef1c822e119cbe51743f9abd7b0c722d9

 d09bf68fd3df4daf208bf69a75969d46e9ae518e

而红薯就要娇气得多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGghGiwy6Wi,十摄氏度以下不发芽1c3ca39b2ad372884157e48e61e2c1f5,虽然在南美洲长得好好的024ecc368289c3336ea168a411d3259d,但是移植到北半球以后c6261f835e984431c33bed70c8c3a915,除了北回归线以南aaa3b3f3be3fe08361cb2983369bc122a064be3d,其他地方基本只能四月种植十月收获XjViMDc0MjcwMmQxNWI=,非常不灵活MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGteZ-xzrmi8b372a4a70f0c8b44e890d0501c11b34d0f56166

QDViMDc0MjcwMjU1YWU=

穷人想充饥还得等半年?MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdjGWwpbWi

07f7507ee51eee140fc14c750dad5e03

人们决定放弃红薯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGteaC9pceiNWIwNzQyNzAyNWEzYQ==

 5fbccb1272646414134801f70ea8327f

一般认为JjViMDc0MjcwMmQyYzU=,美式快餐店里的薯条0c19cf5e197b25914b879355420e04c3852fe055,是在一战时期9b07cbb24a4ed253224581722111d90b01a9cc64,美国士兵从法国和比利时习得的饮食习惯的影响下诞生的cfe260464bf057d09c7546f15a9f7d0707a96d43860930414cbb9c86e2031eb5

 a548175e5d53c89c1f0188371d4f7a53

不同于欧洲现炸现卖的饮食习惯7560ec69d7164f21f3f6afde3ffa33deb24d73c1,热爱速冻和半成品的美国人JTViMDc0MjcwMmQ4OGM=,在上世纪六十年代63beaecb3a3937f3f56d7506acbdd3fc,发明了速冻炸薯条da7fd7645761a880e21b5fe47d819b07JDViMDc0MjcwMjYwMjg=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdkKqx27Wi

如今7e10bad980e7300e2c18d6a75f7f8a5b23e4068c,十磅一袋的家庭优惠装速冻薯条堆满了美国超市的货架JDViMDc0MjcwMmRjZTU=,而全球美式快餐店的炸薯条0ee4bf57e81a0d81bca3c86b16fd36df,其实也是由辛普劳等餐饮业巨头预炸后配送的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGtfGOwuKmi7a354b442fca260b1fe2419fd271bfea

b19454633612eef7774de78107aca46d

改良后的薯条消费模式MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGgiZ-828ui,越发越发具有现代化气息7fd2911401034f738b358b491e8232c9,和当代生活无比契合XjViMDc0MjcwMzE2YjM=7c3096b5cf107a04e8e663df5f221481

3bef80535e46223a1254bf731dc670bef6c215d7

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdkGaxpb2i

98460835d44a7bf72164945493d8d4b7ff8275c2

390f9f6ccb8fdb76b73b586c6d389b57f1f45275

●  就是这种粗糙的食物d35eb74a952bc29f071e7d8cd902a351

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdkZ28zqmi

种种历史因素的影响下b5f881f741af1b9de21f83b3f60f93a7b65c957d,土豆和红薯这一对南美兄弟2c96aeb3f79c0c6a5c78b0aa200e2a43MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGdkZ-wtami

c7ba03f4f2a39b828e0bf632d8c34feb4c7b0a88

如今国际地位天差地别eb47f524097fe378935d455760ab50df4a92ee5cIzViMDc0MjcwMjcyMWI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGdmqyxzrGi

据联合国粮农组织统计03b3810281ac565b159f0008aeb7e1ea,2012年全球的土豆种植面积是红薯的两倍697516bc9ea965f9011ed4b8f06fd027,总产量是红薯的三倍多JTViMDc0MjcwMzE5OTU=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdmq29qKmi

 ac2f02b0d515b3e87a5a7e758e70156f

土豆收获面积前十位的国家里1282ad5aed2f2dbf380142e8a2fc2d78,俄罗斯、乌克兰、美国和波兰都榜上有名a13606339295cbc08e29e947993d059ff61fe104149077c85435ffe394d27c25eb730d17

832f604bb1b23c13ab1893da6fe85022

红薯的主产区则是中国、尼日利亚、坦桑利亚、乌干达、印尼、越南、马达加斯加、安哥拉、莫桑比克和巴布亚新几内亚——ITViMDc0MjcwMjdhYjM=

0cd136a6192fc879c9bfdef4b21df4d3

一个西方国家都没有0ffea0950a74991aace47dc5aa5a3862bbbfef87MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2E3LTdgrBzqrJlhGa9sqGi

 485c589aa8c6678c14f89412cbfa924071632d2d

所以e028f6030cd2642b194847ca1eb0fff60e8478c0,不是说现在爱吃炸土豆条的人还是那么穷0da89c91025edc27d54f5b6f110fc8e00f220900,也不是说红薯不能炸MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGgjZy9pcui,或者快餐店们对红薯条有偏见cacd9a8191c4deb5b24f37290094267c4e7df19cae43909767c4d92ca4c0092526a7ad32

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdnqq9tbmi

只是想改变这个在西方世界根植了几百年的饮食习惯c3b19d57396e9feab567b4577311ed63,难度可能和逼着北方人吃饺子蘸沙茶酱一样困难MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUgaCVqLGtfZ-w26WiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUgaCVqLGdnqyxqL2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2E3LTdgrBzqrN3hZ6woqGi

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