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为什么肯德基麦当劳卖的是土豆条而不是红薯条?

炒红果:#脑洞#明明红薯条也很好吃MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KhKq828ei,为什么我们在快餐店看到的薯条都是土豆做的64c0b73e4268627449c4d60a87757dd8bc929049,而不是红薯做的?QDVhOGY5MjE3YTJlNjY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HgZ-8y8ui

8c0aa0ce20bbdfdfb235f5cd04d7a84dab8fae72

薯条要蘸麦旋风的值班编辑/马马马KjVhOGY5MjE3YTMyNWM=

ee6ad8a5caf191e50fc49ad7edb3d345c51a3f5a

2c81abcdf29c5fb15e244156ff52795ce710d0ad

红薯条比不上土豆条的直观原因MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KhK2x27miIzVhOGY5MjE3YTM2NDU=

KjVhOGY5MjE3YTM3ODg=

是口感问题MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2dgK28zrmi1a7ce11c0bebe3c1add11b2fd2a256efdc8472b4

856d3b733b382b6e1dba967c5208da10

红薯比土豆含糖量高、油炸爱粘连XjVhOGY5MjE3YWM1ZDI=,热的时候韧性大、凉了之后硬度高MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KhGWwy6mi,甚至往往需要包裹面粉才能炸成型da0c285cb92a75d419955097e473371bMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HhZuxtc-i

 bf93485afaf2ec9d1b00abfe86e6a9252fc05247

但想想同样不怎么酥脆的美式鸡块MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KhGax27Gi,我们就能知道4a760dd6bb342e139179e6743c3fb423,一种食物流行程度的决定性因素2fde1be182714ed3820fedb2b2b3c868f8be9af1f672c63cb061e3c6e4add6493332c6e8d2f6cc18

b6c526c1d64797308642bf5c2a8535a4d483f72b

肯定不是口感7cb2fc5b918c291498c67046cefbd76dd983dc88ITVhOGY5MjE3YTQwYTk=

059221b3831a54e30c4e9b4bd808f56e4f697e48

3d4e9f616b03cf4a86de3934b75bd136

QDVhOGY5MjE3YTQ0ODI=

●  也并不难吃的甘梅地瓜条19bfedfec6eeeb38b099be7b87377cec

6b02e3a2c0230408d41d500ae5f3bfe8

显然MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KhZyx28ui,麦当劳也好、肯德基也好、汉堡王Wendy’s也好MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KhZ29pami,都是美国籍的快餐店96d924aa88f0b193d8ddde6ff90ad25dMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HiGaxzrmi

b363f9beed0bedd5e7ae67bc7004d91aa9ba74b1

就算在中国市场推出了油条豆浆川香汉堡f959a109b4d4d68e0245537759ca20e0c8fa7564,他们设计菜单的时候MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KhaCx28-iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HiGi9zrGi

78e4f915ab68886b1fc7e0f8b33e0166a1445b76

还是必然会受美国本土饮食的影响31c671064e1f51711b109a1427bba52bd7b92af0MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HiZ2ytc-i

所以MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KiKq8k6mi,在问为什么肯德基、麦当劳只把土豆给炸了时258e578838db5e585e9ac181121d8de4d5e1524e,我们得先看看MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQzM7dgYqWmb53hGewoqGi,为什么美国人相比红薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KiGO9pami,更爱吃土豆条?3965f85f115555a1807c0cf4ffd18a22

2b5141af710ae8e83f232fae4a3d683738c60cd1

首先是“传统文化”JDVhOGY5MjE3YjJjMmY=6ee1634e105949455da5409ff157d73e

QDVhOGY5MjE3YTUyZDk=

土豆和红薯的身世差不多c729569b78703c4dc833607cfcb632bb9ae6e5e1,这两种原产南美洲的农作物fb94cae05399c786eb3a1c67fd8f23ab04857060,在地理大发现时代3360ff2780f24fc2bcdc4f1fc4af3234,一起在16世纪被西班牙人带回了欧洲MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQzM7dgYqWmb56fGOxyKGi,再一步步推广到全世界359f642e74ceb5c42f67cd2ec1f1994fc39b6835e8da17b2287f95db32232788571cc144

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQzM7dgYqWmbKHiGaysqGi

f777405036660f239017458279f5264cb6333bd6

1620年MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KiZy8taWi,五月花号带着第一批穷困潦倒的清教徒抵达北美新大陆35b0a7fc3c42a93a11abb483b851150afd661c14,这帮人主要来自英国f6231431f33dd4a8fec88bce4ead0ff025c316a101717e03abb9d012c75ad09b7f37e255

ed7287a3d670c347206e402560764a1f55fd37ee

后来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KiZ-xpa2i,欧洲移民源源不断地来到北美殖民地JDVhOGY5MjE3YWUwYTE=,法国、西班牙、荷兰、爱尔兰人都是移民里的主力军JjVhOGY5MjE3YjMwOGM=ITVhOGY5MjE3YTVhYTc=

75533734e8f9723171b2cab12950b968

美国吃炸马铃薯条的习惯JjVhOGY5MjE3YWUxZjM=,就是从欧洲传来的MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQzM7dgYqWmrGteZ-8yKGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HjZ2w28ei

053c11cc480ae938d84b20f933b12d3e

如今炸土豆条的形状和吃法排列组合一下有几十种QDVhOGY5MjE3YWUzNGI=,不过不管是英国的炸鱼薯条、德国的大香肠配薯条、还是法国比利时的深炸薯条QDVhOGY5MjE3YWU0YTU=b4f23b5b861431ab2956b9ba1896d16e

8e063c1e48ce8d489eae8866049df4604c9f22ff

最开始都是在穷人里流行起来的3c587f4f2fe048c02fce2db729610010bf5f765cMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HkKuxuK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HkKyyuKmi

五十年代中国人穷的时候MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KjGO9y7Wi,曾经大范围吃水多料少的红薯稀饭度日MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2dhK28zr2iIzVhOGY5MjE3YTY0Y2I=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HkGSwtb2i

土豆在几百年前的欧洲c3c3062b9c092397fc6ff0cc8a252eee,地位就和红薯稀饭在六十年前的中国差不多4faf4b3ba5af5177d96316a40ec5f37b24f688f07576f312ccefd00da5e6e41a

XjVhOGY5MjE3YTY4OTE=

世胄人家拒绝土豆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KjGayuKmi,认为《圣经》里没提过这种“野蛮人的食物”6b0dee76008e94fbd37a3f2b84636950285dff72,吃了要得麻风病MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2dhGWytbGibd64f870b1cbba830ca2682c103716fe

NWE4ZjkyMTdhNmIyYw==

而且土豆长在地底下321433f984f7ce02a83346f393aef719,和高贵挺拔的麦穗不同958dd89f57ecd4461abd406514d39b088fee54b7,不配做成面包MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQzM7dgYqWmrGtnquw2KGi62d49abc9814a86c45bf377fc4a68890804aca84

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HkZ29qLGi

但是食物洁癖向来只属于贵族MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KjZ29tami,挣扎在死亡线上的平民百姓可管不了那么多59392e4146afbf9162016d78bd5a32912ef6455c8b01f6de0717c22c297a0e98f1035b5f

KjVhOGY5MjE3YTcwYWM=

16世纪末QDVhOGY5MjE3YWVmMzM=,土豆传入英国XjVhOGY5MjE3YWYwOTc=,并迅速地在英国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KkKq9tcei,尤其是爱尔兰地区传播开来IzVhOGY5MjE3YjNjMGM=16ef091a6286aab0ce3aff3d390a2f46627eb5be

 568b88b3aa015b32db6daee41ffbb8a8

到了1650年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KkKyw28ei,土豆就成了爱尔兰的主要粮食作物JTVhOGY5MjE3YjNkNjU=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2Hmq29pbWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HmmSw272i

最晚在18世纪末JTVhOGY5MjE3YWY0OTA=KjVhOGY5MjE3YTc3YWM=

bbc72b18c1590c8ea3d9c59282493505

炸土豆条已经在欧洲大陆遍地开花MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2dhZ68y7miQDVhOGY5MjE3YTdhODA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2Hm5u9pbWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2Hm52w28ei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQzM7dgYqWmbJliZuxsqGi

0bbadb7fcaef91b79b0baa21f2449cbe

●  英国国菜 炸鱼薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2Hnqqypami

JTVhOGY5MjE3YTgzMGQ=

欧洲当时也有红薯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KkGO9taWi,为什么穷人只爱吃土豆?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2Hnq2xy8-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2HnmO9uKmi

这就涉及到更本质的问题:22a039ac72854e0f3cd9277ad48d79df

JTVhOGY5MjE3YTg5Mzc=

土豆和红薯的种植条件不一样706d4fb6576bc201a754c42c5226126704d502c167a2021e3783d6fd328ccac5

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2Hn5ywuLmi

从适应性上看IzVhOGY5MjE3YWY3MzQ=,土豆可以完爆红薯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2diKqxy8uiJDVhOGY5MjE3YThkYzY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2Hn5-wuLmi

土豆春夏秋冬都能种ITVhOGY5MjE3YWY4ODY=,三摄氏度以上就能发芽7d51d8ce8bfbbe0afb599be49d30eb30,两三个月就能收获b510236ec366d5bd3a0905b420bf07ac341185c9,耐寒耐旱JDVhOGY5MjE3YWZjNjE=,酸性碱性土壤都能适应MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KkZ28uK2i,一般不会绝收734b9f1f0770b6a137405563ebd7ef37650b33db,堪称救穷人于水火的神器MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2diKu8zrmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2Hn6Cytc-i

 IzVhOGY5MjE3YTkyNTI=

而红薯就要娇气得多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KkaCw27Wi,十摄氏度以下不发芽MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2deKqx272i,虽然在南美洲长得好好的04e330a26b1653e16ce7f1b88fc42f4a,但是移植到北半球以后KjVhOGY5MjE3YjAzZmY=,除了北回归线以南f10de11740f1587b139bfef52ff48582a1e8e8a6,其他地方基本只能四月种植十月收获MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2deGSytbmi,非常不灵活MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQzM7dgYqWmrJ3hKu82KGi2ac3a768076ad2c653f390dd7755d5c0fd739494

95ec40e122d17863bb6430726226eb9b

穷人想充饥还得等半年?e7f35e5ffc361911c35db58839026e4de6bc378a

949e2cc4efbea93160d892fb22f5ef64

人们决定放弃红薯984f0c543c00da083d2e72d79a868dfbMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2Home8uKmi

 b2ce4c850b76c612821b58ba80900abd2631cb24

一般认为MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2deGawy7Wi,美式快餐店里的薯条c35e41b8dd5a54146e8589ae02537c56,是在一战时期aea24c8d0b09476d744990bc063649e7,美国士兵从法国和比利时习得的饮食习惯的影响下诞生的QDVhOGY5MjE3YjQ2Yzc=50d78ffcf0f963bee17ef624d343d7cd

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2Ho529pb2i

不同于欧洲现炸现卖的饮食习惯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2deZyx27mi,热爱速冻和半成品的美国人9580d04c8d96c045ff5c5effd55fc983,在上世纪六十年代JDVhOGY5MjE3YjBmNzU=,发明了速冻炸薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2diGawtb2ieaa288d2022bce0baac8e34562649e8e

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2Ho6Cxtb2i

如今NWE4ZjkyMTdiMTBlYQ==,十磅一袋的家庭优惠装速冻薯条堆满了美国超市的货架ccd510f35edcba80ed1572f2d0f2f2964823c8db,而全球美式快餐店的炸薯条0dd0a9d0fb2a414405ae6a421615a9a5,其实也是由辛普劳等餐饮业巨头预炸后配送的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2diGex272i3db3771913e09ebd2d0cfe2d534f85d8

JTVhOGY5MjE3YWEyZDI=

改良后的薯条消费模式QDVhOGY5MjE3YjE1MzA=,越发越发具有现代化气息MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2dfGSypbmi,和当代生活无比契合XjVhOGY5MjE3YjRhY2Y=de5c108a5f87e7fa229b131d3ad73236

7812c8a89e4923a3390c60059f8597d5044d65c7

695424bad18ab57860b794ff20da699e9d7139a4

1f9c9f61ad997f652a0d4e304e92a03db6959b64

NWE4ZjkyMTdhYTkzMQ==

●  就是这种粗糙的食物MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KfGixk7Wi

57ac11abf458c9449034f58a24726d9cf51bf191

种种历史因素的影响下KjVhOGY5MjE3YjE4MDU=,土豆和红薯这一对南美兄弟8b53666e0579dd3453ade7676e4b8ce73d84c87adf0f829165d6e22a8f89818c

aa83d109c224301cb1e063843ad47fa1d359b7d2

如今国际地位天差地别aa2c6ee2cdc7dddbccb78ecf762b30f43ef76be75ce02eca8480e0b3fe173ad44a58424408c81b10

23e14f8b0041ce10ee2351f44cdbf6c74133f385

据联合国粮农组织统计MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2dfGi827Wi,2012年全球的土豆种植面积是红薯的两倍MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2dfZywzrmi,总产量是红薯的三倍多JTVhOGY5MjE3YjRkN2U=8bd248f3a7cba3dc73c321a4ef882564

 4adeb13d70030e3f15539b1b8c63c61faea528c5

土豆收获面积前十位的国家里MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6FqbyZgaB3ZL2dfZ2ytb2i,俄罗斯、乌克兰、美国和波兰都榜上有名e849059c141eefd10cefe50abeeef92d2e370d523b071c888aead73fc808c785848ee248

796cff0e7ed38cf491f9f0fb39083ed0eb13ed89

红薯的主产区则是中国、尼日利亚、坦桑利亚、乌干达、印尼、越南、马达加斯加、安哥拉、莫桑比克和巴布亚新几内亚——NWE4ZjkyMTdhYjcyNQ==

e4eca92c8f49b294875a8bd0ae742268

一个西方国家都没有JTVhOGY5MjE3YjUwMjU=KjVhOGY5MjE3YWI5YTc=

 b00bac2527516dbaf07a8a969ef63aff

所以ec905bf9176ba172daf78b9709612191,不是说现在爱吃炸土豆条的人还是那么穷JTVhOGY5MjE3YjIwN2Q=,也不是说红薯不能炸8f9828ca2600bb6073445198cc30cc2188a22bfd,或者快餐店们对红薯条有偏见54f06ca908de4afdff51f4b631353ca07501037eMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbyZgaB3ZL2KgZyw272i

499dc6f1c5a8e8ba3ed68682d2e8056a519c39fe

只是想改变这个在西方世界根植了几百年的饮食习惯MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQzM7dgYqWmrGdgGOysqGi,难度可能和逼着北方人吃饺子蘸沙茶酱一样困难29a1bd4f8812350b34e33e152e61087c5e556c5cIzVhOGY5MjE3YWJmMTE=

5c741b02cb1e584bc6a2d776d7b3a163029b8653

 

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