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为什么肯德基麦当劳卖的是土豆条而不是红薯条?

炒红果:#脑洞#明明红薯条也很好吃MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqzcgrCdqbJlhGi9tc-i,为什么我们在快餐店看到的薯条都是土豆做的22469f0d465f8d257b585361c4d0393b,而不是红薯做的?QDViMDIxNzkxNzJjZTk=

62e3171008fad3fe79e5ff965d23557ccac13932

NWIwMjE3OTE3MmZiOA==

薯条要蘸麦旋风的值班编辑/马马马ITViMDIxNzkxNzMxMGU=

ae3958bb1d3bdcb2203d86fa6a35a2a0

KjViMDIxNzkxNzMzY2U=

红薯条比不上土豆条的直观原因78d79fbb9d759bf1bf9dcc98874f7f1aJjViMDIxNzkxNzM1MjM=

a37dbb66b7a1cfe8254c22cfe181db1caff0370f

是口感问题e961c83fbebc76a58c57e02c9dd7c392NWIwMjE3OTE3MzdlOA==

QDViMDIxNzkxNzM5M2I=

红薯比土豆含糖量高、油炸爱粘连642da960684bd6035ad214071c87ff29904cdd19,热的时候韧性大、凉了之后硬度高ccc718d454393fbfd4b7d403959d91bbb84486e6,甚至往往需要包裹面粉才能炸成型KjViMDIxNzkxODM5NmI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKthGiyqLGi

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKthZu9taWi

但想想同样不怎么酥脆的美式鸡块273d1f54b6e137060e51bc20a134ab71a5d70596,我们就能知道KjViMDIxNzkxN2Q0NGU=,一种食物流行程度的决定性因素MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJliGO8tbGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKthZ2w27mi

KjViMDIxNzkxNzNlOTM=

肯定不是口感MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiXg4p3ZbGto529oqGiecde1b1e2567221b0debf32862b5d2d9

192ce7e3b15b4776dec068a9100040dc58fd4155

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqzcgrCdqbKtiKu8tb2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqzcgrCdqbKtiK2wpaWi

●  也并不难吃的甘梅地瓜条e68eab97ee2aa9c96bb8a2b27f62bba9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKtiGS8uL2i

显然MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJliGWwy7Wi,麦当劳也好、肯德基也好、汉堡王Wendy’s也好7c4bc3c7b4cb8e3cc25afa6e3be780cc7c834c4b,都是美国籍的快餐店85b0edf1cf43a9b5a434a0ff3189cb5ae6f655f8IzViMDIxNzkxNzQ4MTE=

QDViMDIxNzkxNzQ5NzY=

就算在中国市场推出了油条豆浆川香汉堡3c3bef1c524583f75ce3483e2400c5d9c23cc104,他们设计菜单的时候61f9db4d3204f083fb6bcfe0dd646600df2026373db726978d59681026ab855ea9ea0dc624150394

82b1b6c2ad6e35f31022b020597f716f417bd5b4

还是必然会受美国本土饮食的影响XjViMDIxNzkxODNkZmM=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKtiZ2xk62i

所以KjViMDIxNzkxN2RkNGE=,在问为什么肯德基、麦当劳只把土豆给炸了时e05fa1c7b7dc072be55cd429b04d2e96959dce8e,我们得先看看d328660a2f99d248ecaf8540f132c171,为什么美国人相比红薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJljKq8uL2i,更爱吃土豆条?aee473e8df9463e94e089e69ac832c60

e78e561df56b2a4f1500004d15585e4c

首先是“传统文化”XjViMDIxNzkxODNmNzU=KjViMDIxNzkxNzUxZDA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiXg4p3ZLKHgKy82KGi

土豆和红薯的身世差不多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqzcgrCdqbJljKyw27Gi,这两种原产南美洲的农作物3446879c9b8aa785bb7f17848ba16367,在地理大发现时代eee4fe92ad137f6097e75c0b00750242,一起在16世纪被西班牙人带回了欧洲XjViMDIxNzkxN2U3ZGQ=,再一步步推广到全世界MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3haC8k62iJDViMDIxNzkxNzU0YTI=

c4bae00e8839aa954edad302bb42cd42

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKtjGWxqKmi

1620年QDViMDIxNzkxN2U5NjQ=,五月花号带着第一批穷困潦倒的清教徒抵达北美新大陆41da8e6aedb222663e6846bf57901ffb,这帮人主要来自英国73409f33d28c88b1e7f65a9974ccabd3704afdf1f85d5306ec55aec04a8866d2

76f085c47d0e4aa587ef8512b5c39c10

后来IzViMDIxNzkxN2VjNTc=,欧洲移民源源不断地来到北美殖民地MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqzcgrCdqbJljZ28uLWi,法国、西班牙、荷兰、爱尔兰人都是移民里的主力军385af5dc42fb7498598d2d58f25cd31aIzViMDIxNzkxNzViNTE=

17c019c9dfd4bf54b9fad8bf6ca7bb1bf15c8f7f

美国吃炸马铃薯条的习惯JTViMDIxNzkxN2VmMWU=,就是从欧洲传来的NWIwMjE3OTE4NDU5NA==MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKtjZ29zqmi

b7057e967ee10a856e06b5c7e06568d925bb9ea2

如今炸土豆条的形状和吃法排列组合一下有几十种MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJljaCxzq2i,不过不管是英国的炸鱼薯条、德国的大香肠配薯条、还是法国比利时的深炸薯条0b442049f0b5df5abfa1e9260b81d4bf544b4a712d311be3b3801d95bc4d101580f8f12b

5f713a9a1e08ff764e5d29803120f3e879b92ad5

最开始都是在穷人里流行起来的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3iGS9uKmi8cdf319e42cf702bd54408ccab1aaffffd600505

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKtkGOxqLWi

五十年代中国人穷的时候e952f3d3d688f1d546c3d4aacba3bf14169c780f,曾经大范围吃水多料少的红薯稀饭度日750ec55f9e9779e8b01c8f56ab7d3df0d6c7c1aeff67ae12347a9abf2dc71099a162d7ff

0f1ff1136978a8df30379f4d26a2d85d

土豆在几百年前的欧洲MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJlkK2xk72i,地位就和红薯稀饭在六十年前的中国差不多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3iGe9tbmic44e16c637c191c1cb41ce6e2caa0cdf

JjViMDIxNzkxNzZiYWI=

世胄人家拒绝土豆XjViMDIxNzkxN2Y1ZWE=,认为《圣经》里没提过这种“野蛮人的食物”d6fd6117f0368e1b0d79676d35c8fb2d,吃了要得麻风病IzViMDIxNzkxODRiZTM=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKtkZ2wpaWi

2942333248690d1f778d89b73c57fea73f31b605

而且土豆长在地底下MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJlkGayqL2i,和高贵挺拔的麦穗不同MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqzcgrCdqbJlkGe9y72i,不配做成面包eb2a8013055955432a0efa3721398de940ca6e307969129bdbea770638f918d4

 d3097cd6268ebab317aa3517d2d2421e

但是食物洁癖向来只属于贵族1f944f519b01e249996015e5b1387e7f,挣扎在死亡线上的平民百姓可管不了那么多ba6ecd747ef63a63486f095a43371964005bc1449409d4f1a9109246db599cac14b3c0a3

0d2caf04acadd2c73d5d8401b8684e0cde9e12f7

16世纪末XjViMDIxNzkxN2ZjZGM=,土豆传入英国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJlkZ6w28ui,并迅速地在英国b0d05028ccd4dc1db74b20ddfb7719ff62c732bd,尤其是爱尔兰地区传播开来MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqzcgrCdqbN3iaCxpa2i7302e9679a4d050234b219b9210c9d6b4c894c56

 f8bf5090e574fa5173954c7119c1004a

到了1650年QDViMDIxNzkxODAxNmM=,土豆就成了爱尔兰的主要粮食作物XjViMDIxNzkxODUxZTE=IzViMDIxNzkxNzc5M2E=

268be59107e80320290a19a01dae8f84

最晚在18世纪末MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3eKu826miMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiXg4p3ZLJlgKuxyKGi

0a5a4b8bf4f866ac9542dec1f7cefb204fc9d0e2

炸土豆条已经在欧洲大陆遍地开花MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiXg4p3ZbKHgGOw2KGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKtm5-wtc-i

a9fb85576827cdd22ea61bb381e54b90

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKtnquxqLGi

IzViMDIxNzkxNzg0MDA=

5d290c9fb2be7e7a1fa82d86f41180d4ff2d9a45

●  英国国菜 炸鱼薯条67ba87db8b3a8880cec2bb6195b73acafac9a3da

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKtnmaxy6Wi

欧洲当时也有红薯60eb8b725701b6fc74c6a09747988b68,为什么穷人只爱吃土豆?ITViMDIxNzkxNzhhMGQ=

8b7e389a83edda34ee65ef4364908de4

这就涉及到更本质的问题:6de5f6ef610d1f2e3cb89264e21ae8e04ce74fb9

7617bd03545ccae222d7994ed9aa45b53f0de621

土豆和红薯的种植条件不一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqzcgrCdqbN3jK28262iJTViMDIxNzkxNzkwMTU=

 ec5ada0040b78ed44c8a9782a4832873

从适应性上看MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3eGO8zrWi,土豆可以完爆红薯MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiXg4p3ZbKHjGOysqGi0f2b885a2437a3cb20a2352fc5fe6397

9b95f571c1b11097f4f1549d43a206c4007ef66d

土豆春夏秋冬都能种84b7242a021af3052940d4b2e90ab90955b33ab5,三摄氏度以上就能发芽JjViMDIxNzkxODA4ZWM=,两三个月就能收获MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3eGixpami,耐寒耐旱4be2a15ec14e0175ce5c07c2477fbda0,酸性碱性土壤都能适应QDViMDIxNzkxODBkNzU=,一般不会绝收JDViMDIxNzkxODBlZWQ=,堪称救穷人于水火的神器0bd5b50f6b91113d812b504c10257fc6QDViMDIxNzkxNzk2MmY=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKtomWypbmi

而红薯就要娇气得多IzViMDIxNzkxODEwNmE=,十摄氏度以下不发芽IzViMDIxNzkxODExZjI=,虽然在南美洲长得好好的d017dd97ed40c358168112436b119e9c,但是移植到北半球以后JjViMDIxNzkxODE0ZjM=,除了北回归线以南0f2c267a0329e4a834f798a90d9bead0bba3c42a,其他地方基本只能四月种植十月收获63789d8ed8c606a6bc00abe8ba45f166ae9308cb,非常不灵活MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3jGextbmiIzViMDIxNzkxNzk5MjE=

cf96f5ad281c01980324191571fc5431

穷人想充饥还得等半年?25e4f0d2a1b05c9f1cf47d19484284f6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbKto52ypaWi

人们决定放弃红薯MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiXg4p3ZbKHo569oqGiITViMDIxNzkxNzlmNGI=

 92fe05204506a26e8e2240a614fb6e38e4a6ca14

一般认为6e1c25b66493aa84d8eb06b0f186b4d99861be0d,美式快餐店里的薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3fGi8zqmi,是在一战时期580533b173adf8be928c4196ce7a5984,美国士兵从法国和比利时习得的饮食习惯的影响下诞生的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3jZyxuLWiJjViMDIxNzkxN2EyMWU=

 9e056a94eb7fdb2e2c0cfac402e1441c7c8f1895

不同于欧洲现炸现卖的饮食习惯0ff3fbe941de09b91274108e154a4265,热爱速冻和半成品的美国人f9fa2cb9bd4ea2201d9e0cdf1a2976d9,在上世纪六十年代c2ba18164d59f117bc6f6dc409c0735cb57c0b72,发明了速冻炸薯条f5b3a8f3c822f6528f9727b924eefe5cJDViMDIxNzkxN2E0Y2Q=

 071f6cce840ba4c83d433e9f23796d85e6a05768

如今95b91fb768014bdfc3daf54b4a588240,十磅一袋的家庭优惠装速冻薯条堆满了美国超市的货架b38f89d4d20a0ff3e388d998fd0fd5ae,而全球美式快餐店的炸薯条7e0f7ec817448e3fd129f3d995114471,其实也是由辛普劳等餐饮业巨头预炸后配送的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3jZ-xy6mib43669df2e87ea47f982127c787f2496

QDViMDIxNzkxN2E4ZGU=

改良后的薯条消费模式NWIwMjE3OTE4MjczYQ==,越发越发具有现代化气息76b495dd1cf5c04e5f56ff3648fdbdd9e657f0e6,和当代生活无比契合d95bfcb71b0b472e9142a12efda8798087a6cf1ffb58bb580c1999e4485a4c9589564e81

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJlfZuxk72i

ITViMDIxNzkxN2FjZWM=

389fbe8934100970fc1523d22d22e98b

a8631d6f689b506107e909b50166e661d6092b6f

●  就是这种粗糙的食物MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJlgKqwqKmi

843bc978477b029f6d6149ba481da250

种种历史因素的影响下da16c463c683784b25d20e062938d2f4,土豆和红薯这一对南美兄弟45a89b3cf32e03c42aec6f8ea7e32f2266761c5bJjViMDIxNzkxN2IzY2I=

a1a6fd4f78c590cdc4d31d41029e1592

如今国际地位天差地别6328abd6a27a0d7e3d5c21c55d56f619391143608a24e8af7e5f7158708f6258463c7c72

cd9f1295fd677397d7457d0184c61f65

据联合国粮农组织统计8d5027463bf355b3049256d571cee952,2012年全球的土豆种植面积是红薯的两倍JjViMDIxNzkxODJlZGY=,总产量是红薯的三倍多a88d61b7ca82f4f7ab88d41dc2df5b0eJjViMDIxNzkxN2I5NGQ=

 f3f769e55f726b92ad6bcc7ae85883d139d179f9

土豆收获面积前十位的国家里JTViMDIxNzkxODMwNjY=,俄罗斯、乌克兰、美国和波兰都榜上有名fd3d197c5db246687c0964bd6300ddf1MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJlgZywpami

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJlgZ2xuLWi

红薯的主产区则是中国、尼日利亚、坦桑利亚、乌干达、印尼、越南、马达加斯加、安哥拉、莫桑比克和巴布亚新几内亚——MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJlgZ68zr2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqzcgrCdqbJlgaCxtcei

一个西方国家都没有JDViMDIxNzkxODY3MTI=6160ea1d41c71eae8de2615e27c85a5dd8bb7d11

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJlhKyxzrGi

所以MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3hKq8zrGi,不是说现在爱吃炸土豆条的人还是那么穷ITViMDIxNzkxODMzNjc=,也不是说红薯不能炸MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqzcgrCdqbN3hK28zrGi,或者快餐店们对红薯条有偏见MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqzcgrCdqbN3kGaxy8ui16d7de0c8d19cddc45cb3f7201f36dc5e550b53f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqzcgrCdqbJlhGSxuL2i

只是想改变这个在西方世界根植了几百年的饮食习惯JTViMDIxNzkxODM2NTY=,难度可能和逼着北方人吃饺子蘸沙茶酱一样困难97e3b999792a6e5022a75ff16b76d7b5ea1521241cb67dbc627fd17ce43f846d501edf9a

ac96d53028cd6a363c5b790acd07f0a706d435f6

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