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为什么肯德基麦当劳卖的是土豆条而不是红薯条?

炒红果:#脑洞#明明红薯条也很好吃ea087f900a3e1143f66fd7edd5fdc3a8,为什么我们在快餐店看到的薯条都是土豆做的JjVhOGQxOTQ2ODkxMmQ=,而不是红薯做的?MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQpqiZgnqLZL6diGSxyKGi

2911388b693d80fae44501947ecda1825d681fe7

NWE4ZDE5NDY3ZjgwZA==

薯条要蘸麦旋风的值班编辑/马马马03d05972239b357d5e536818296a476c50ddee1c

JTVhOGQxOTQ2N2ZhOWU=

XjVhOGQxOTQ2N2ZiZTc=

红薯条比不上土豆条的直观原因f46010dd348d6736f85b34007efc8f064678a75c931b1bd6b330c7b11f24f886

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7JlkZ6xk72i

是口感问题7eb5b6f2ad65d5727a79d14feaea367ebc32d7dbIzVhOGQxOTQ2N2ZmY2Y=

IzVhOGQxOTQ2ODAxMmU=

红薯比土豆含糖量高、油炸爱粘连KjVhOGQxOTQ2ODkzZjY=,热的时候韧性大、凉了之后硬度高JTVhOGQxOTQ2ODk1NTY=,甚至往往需要包裹面粉才能炸成型IzVhOGQxOTQ2OGY4MmI=50a16c9d6c6dcc85616f16818cfac15c

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3eKy9qLmi

但想想同样不怎么酥脆的美式鸡块XjVhOGQxOTQ2ODk2Yjg=,我们就能知道MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3omawqLGi,一种食物流行程度的决定性因素6920ae1a874f74666b48d944030da592e23336d70db42512b748fed672e87e66be9d991c

6d9b064010c94e8f9d9aefb424e33e54

肯定不是口感MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6kGex272i3ff9077fe3258a76a4f01070f4411b948cc7f901

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3eGewuK2i

ITVhOGQxOTQ2ODBhNzA=

628f08f06e1a41593221a9461128b12c

●  也并不难吃的甘梅地瓜条ITVhOGQxOTQ2ODBkMDA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3eZ6xtaWi

显然MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbTcg4qDY7N3o5uwpa2i,麦当劳也好、肯德基也好、汉堡王Wendy’s也好MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3o5yxzrWi,都是美国籍的快餐店93a260d0b06105389de487483642867e64f8d05dc936d8e4afcbf4949eb79c2b6a57697ce9edfc44

53bd11d2374b2dcfee165bc4a2b28caaf5ce9be1

就算在中国市场推出了油条豆浆川香汉堡d418b9cffdeeeb3e23a4f4200b78f28f,他们设计菜单的时候MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3o5-wk72iXjVhOGQxOTQ2ODEyNWU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3fKy8uLmi

还是必然会受美国本土饮食的影响9cc874f0e5b847531e94f211df4670dfc900c4efMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3fGOwta2i

所以16d61b30bc86f91c2dbb28f64be6e24d1b6ee107,在问为什么肯德基、麦当劳只把土豆给炸了时JDVhOGQxOTQ2OGEyMmE=,我们得先看看QDVhOGQxOTQ2OGEzOTU=,为什么美国人相比红薯条JTVhOGQxOTQ2OGE0ZjY=,更爱吃土豆条?ITVhOGQxOTQ2ODE2N2U=

b699390af3f955982f60788fa77226be

首先是“传统文化”a4396bfdf1362974d5ad3f4adc5b8a056da8bec0c8be86b344d5a2233b8fe702f4402d9a521893f8

8595725393dadb959cd89a0cd717a09c

土豆和红薯的身世差不多0ddaa0be0748970e5ddb9fb9e8165ad0c73231b8,这两种原产南美洲的农作物5aedfd5784874b43ba4db93f59668909309f2397,在地理大发现时代NWE4ZDE5NDY4YTk0ZQ==,一起在16世纪被西班牙人带回了欧洲MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6fGi8ta2i,再一步步推广到全世界98009bfa8d180493f210769da0d5f5d8XjVhOGQxOTQ2ODFiZWM=

JDVhOGQxOTQ2ODFkNGQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQpqiZgnqLZbGKiZuyoqGi

1620年3b953033774662d5aad3032380921fa81062c001,五月花号带着第一批穷困潦倒的清教徒抵达北美新大陆800fd69acf68b359e7be6ba1de7d687f18024407,这帮人主要来自英国MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6kZ-9pc-iITVhOGQxOTQ2ODIwMTE=

XjVhOGQxOTQ2ODIxNzI=

后来MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQpqiZgnqLZb2KiZ-x2KGi,欧洲移民源源不断地来到北美殖民地0004ce223a0c6cc58ea60f0ddf8d837666e06b95,法国、西班牙、荷兰、爱尔兰人都是移民里的主力军e0a70d302fdd37024b4a8b77c5b254168641ed5191b8c3b3764d93748ef38c5ff521b398

16af5f9bedb6b61c11224266c23987176b915235

美国吃炸马铃薯条的习惯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6gKq8y7Gi,就是从欧洲传来的feab21cdb8de6b4a496b15fb609879fa335e7924c28f67269d14bebc4c73d337aff9f14a

JTVhOGQxOTQ2ODI2ZjY=

如今炸土豆条的形状和吃法排列组合一下有几十种d8b735bd35ec03cb955c0a4071cab652,不过不管是英国的炸鱼薯条、德国的大香肠配薯条、还是法国比利时的深炸薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6gK2ytaWib1677b20d1efcd356d9e7a874543d5fcd803a453

7b7887e9cf6d5bb164c65231f16943a1

最开始都是在穷人里流行起来的2b70dfb9c78a92b81cf573e771612d40MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3gZuwtbWi

bd6a434eb4ef43b137bb72e1909fddd4

五十年代中国人穷的时候JTVhOGQxOTQ2OGI2MTI=,曾经大范围吃水多料少的红薯稀饭度日a414fc5e7d0924b5550f1c2fe413cd0b9603f7fb412b32a31790793a21de62c116f28cf2505a0caa

NWE4ZDE5NDY4MzAzNA==

土豆在几百年前的欧洲ITVhOGQxOTQ2OGI3NzU=,地位就和红薯稀饭在六十年前的中国差不多74e1f6229abfbf1030724088581822636faf7cc9MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3hKqyqK2i

0161698f14b083c1696acacb70db87a9de6939de

世胄人家拒绝土豆NWE4ZDE5NDY4YjhmYg==,认为《圣经》里没提过这种“野蛮人的食物”KjVhOGQxOTQ2OGJhNWQ=,吃了要得麻风病MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7OHeGWyqL2i18e38441f4621f57e92f1ba23ec1cc6d

XjVhOGQxOTQ2ODM2MzM=

而且土豆长在地底下df91565258b8931bee065b2dd1353018dd02a926,和高贵挺拔的麦穗不同IzVhOGQxOTQ2OGJkMzM=,不配做成面包QDVhOGQxOTQ2OTA4ZjU=35f7edada16ff33aa020f1c1a3e646f8

 NWE4ZDE5NDY4Mzk3OQ==

但是食物洁癖向来只属于贵族MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6gZ6ypcei,挣扎在死亡线上的平民百姓可管不了那么多MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbTcg4qDY7OHeGixpbWi23c8eca7160816f38ef9e9703c5f1a42782554ba

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbTcg4qDY7N3hZyxk72i

16世纪末NWE4ZDE5NDY4YzAwOQ==,土豆传入英国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6hKqxuLGi,并迅速地在英国9629fa84911cbf0510ab711b4e4a3f8d,尤其是爱尔兰地区传播开来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbTcg4qDY7OHeZu8tceiXjVhOGQxOTQ2ODNlMDM=

 1d27d260c70084730de32c127345e9f130f1b772

到了1650年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6hK2wy72i,土豆就成了爱尔兰的主要粮食作物309ecb557ea3e64e91e7a38398195dca21a760919619e2c9566c1620e197d77623b44ad985f5d292

edbb79d05dfd75068423eb24a190005e

最晚在18世纪末MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6hGOypceie3994ecba9df4587c5c17adc24263df161fcc28d

03c0d9d6d6fec4072d2536cea269a125340b12f2

炸土豆条已经在欧洲大陆遍地开花1c9df4f5a1585394ef2351325d8da21882e5559aITVhOGQxOTQ2ODQ2NmE=

a54977f115779e24804e2897882ec1de213b5bcc

0a4c9ac0eba65c27abe76c6c5d87245fb88a18ed

IzVhOGQxOTQ2ODRhYjU=

QDVhOGQxOTQ2ODRjMmI=

●  英国国菜 炸鱼薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3iZ2xk72i

c40c2336ffd77a5f4bfb33d7fbff17b1

欧洲当时也有红薯9046999abb7ac21f35cc339babe5a997,为什么穷人只爱吃土豆?c217791428e4801c889c863044d9932d75c8145f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3jKq8tami

这就涉及到更本质的问题:NWE4ZDE5NDY4NTMyNQ==

3189cc4c8d6e9683b49afbdfb480a68e5f30a955

土豆和红薯的种植条件不一样3b798177a8960e0a4d4d9201d60c10985ab587fce2cb175e9823c16ee23b596efbae80247c5f201a

 7838593c1ec429f824df0b2eeca309e7466bb583

从适应性上看JTVhOGQxOTQ2OGM4ODY=,土豆可以完爆红薯b4e0f57cc1eee1b8be19ff123de72476MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbTcg4qDY7N3jGa8y6Wi

ITVhOGQxOTQ2ODVhMmQ=

土豆春夏秋冬都能种ITVhOGQxOTQ2OGM5ZTc=,三摄氏度以上就能发芽250adf7787375e632e9f25a2ed7a4caa,两三个月就能收获1b65f1af4dcae5367e9221ab01961635,耐寒耐旱5079b7efe7d87a1d893f15b28d52adb6,酸性碱性土壤都能适应MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6hZ-xk72i,一般不会绝收MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6FqbTcg4qDY7N6haC9tami,堪称救穷人于水火的神器57c0b249a24b653a20d8df1ad301dcf6c4e25ca2a55972e51e48361ecb71098ec93a57e8

 917f2db7bedbd8062ac75c097e1728ca

而红薯就要娇气得多NWE4ZDE5NDY4ZDI2YQ==,十摄氏度以下不发芽JTVhOGQxOTQ2OGQzY2I=,虽然在南美洲长得好好的7b4e3a03deb3a499fb29bb8b8af6a861881384c8,但是移植到北半球以后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6iGSyqKmi,除了北回归线以南MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6iGW9zrmi,其他地方基本只能四月种植十月收获df65f84a627d574d91855cdeb5caf4ca,非常不灵活12b4776f62e42b4b75996b3a63360477667d4342XjVhOGQxOTQ2ODVlNjY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQpqiZgnqLZbKKjZ2yoqGi

穷人想充饥还得等半年?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3kKqwzqmi

ITVhOGQxOTQ2ODYyYmY=

人们决定放弃红薯ITVhOGQxOTQ2OTE1MTA=NWE4ZDE5NDY4NjQzNA==

 XjVhOGQxOTQ2ODY1OWY=

一般认为ae500f8b9d02989c2793e92b4228fa3b89657eeb,美式快餐店里的薯条3021d7369373d7599ef4fe6238c2a84d,是在一战时期MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6iZ2yuL2i,美国士兵从法国和比利时习得的饮食习惯的影响下诞生的JDVhOGQxOTQ2OTE2NzY=JTVhOGQxOTQ2ODY3MDE=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6FqbTcg4qDY7N3kGaxtbmi

不同于欧洲现炸现卖的饮食习惯c3ad4c1b23e2f342c50903eb3df749a3,热爱速冻和半成品的美国人MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6FqbTcg4qDY7N6iaCxy62i,在上世纪六十年代JDVhOGQxOTQ2OGUxZDA=,发明了速冻炸薯条1e50cc43367d701e4fb7e4e30ec3ed47MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3kGe8y8ui

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbTcg4qDY7N3kZuwy8ei

如今MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6FqbTcg4qDY7N6jKywy7Wi,十磅一袋的家庭优惠装速冻薯条堆满了美国超市的货架eac502209f6e387326459317d7d1b256cc3e9b9b,而全球美式快餐店的炸薯条XjVhOGQxOTQ2OGU1ZmM=,其实也是由辛普劳等餐饮业巨头预炸后配送的KjVhOGQxOTQ2OTE5MjU=JDVhOGQxOTQ2ODZjYTI=

89e9f834b702307fd3ac01dab3717a4a

改良后的薯条消费模式79a9888c0451eb0096942a98b931617106ad8353,越发越发具有现代化气息QDVhOGQxOTQ2OGU4ZDY=,和当代生活无比契合MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQpqiZgnqLZrGHoma9sqGi252a404798ca6413b8ef9ad6ae9f7fb1

4dab6ba2c8e96ecdf7aa737ffcb385f608639b02

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQpqiZgnqLZbKtfGOwsqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3mqy8tbmi

JTVhOGQxOTQ2ODc1MTQ=

●  就是这种粗糙的食物MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQpqiZgnqLZbKtjGawoqGi

4edf79b286229a9be560028d96fcfdba057a0ea6

种种历史因素的影响下06eadbfbc55f10df5adb6dd4b920c784,土豆和红薯这一对南美兄弟JjVhOGQxOTQ2OGViYjI=6c5594f6416706b397ebe6a38c05485ae13c18b0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3mmi8y7Gi

如今国际地位天差地别83eeda909c5e439e44a0c8bf0a2c00b601841598db2a89545300c7dfec2e93b73c68fc6bb2a378ec

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqQpqiZgnqLZbJlhGewsqGi

据联合国粮农组织统计MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N6jZ2wpbmi,2012年全球的土豆种植面积是红薯的两倍631906df0dbb310de4901e41800b5ec47c6ff376,总产量是红薯的三倍多e86f13526d88ac17c203d841f6c7defda9ec6e06IzVhOGQxOTQ2ODdmMDI=

 JTVhOGQxOTQ2ODgwNjM=

土豆收获面积前十位的国家里e3756a2720da092a1a3771b5fbd048ac,俄罗斯、乌克兰、美国和波兰都榜上有名ca2a723739104b374ee8b6bbf1089738fdac08127084d7be35cffb198d21a801

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3nqywtcei

红薯的主产区则是中国、尼日利亚、坦桑利亚、乌干达、印尼、越南、马达加斯加、安哥拉、莫桑比克和巴布亚新几内亚——QDVhOGQxOTQ2ODg0ODc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3nmO9qKmi

一个西方国家都没有KjVhOGQxOTQ2OTFmZmU=fa71628ef288b1dae9f7ac1ffe1e7ed8

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3nma8tami

所以fffe09a9bf9a41ceb048e2a2546da9146e5afcaf,不是说现在爱吃炸土豆条的人还是那么穷fe12c166f9af0f8531baaa46d5be536b,也不是说红薯不能炸79715ada02afdc22dc82002459b9be87,或者快餐店们对红薯条有偏见0243a4de140906e5a630d8b3715be3855e0fb496991cd5abc21fdd2387b7501603db11ca

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3n5uxzq2i

只是想改变这个在西方世界根植了几百年的饮食习惯8a3f8d777720a1553f348c7591d4f944,难度可能和逼着北方人吃饺子蘸沙茶酱一样困难MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6FqbTcg4qDY7OHgKuyuL2iITVhOGQxOTQ2ODhjZTQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6FqbTcg4qDY7N3n56w28ei

 

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