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日语听着像江浙话,你的直觉没出错

日语里一多半的发音确实和汉语JjVhNjMzNzNkZjJiOTQ=,尤其是江浙话有点像e8edb3f40e0e12b20c58788e68cc40f4a44b29aac15c869eb1bb916c468b981f

ad8d49f84bf7a2b448090a841ac25c7646c3d120

从两晋南北朝到明代56ceb6d460edcbc41fda04030a09eacd,江浙话锲而不舍地影响着日语发音59c12179935c3af6d752d475b2584ce127055b159eb93dc8380f632a7e6d86cb37c7a1a3

5cabb0f28d155d4ed1d740eb33017d1bcdf1a337

日本人的吴音、汉音和唐音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzLDegrCAnL6dgZ6wy8ui,都是江浙话的远房亲戚MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzLDegrCAnbF3fGewqL2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLDegrCAnL6KfGixuLGi

JDVhNjMzNzNkZWFiYTc=

那么这种语言改造是怎么完成的呢?视知TV用两分钟告诉你~XjVhNjMzNzNkZWFjZTQ=

27f31155c125a04fb54483b08bed0a5f1eb0fc4f

· 温馨提示 ·e3ee076e665b4e4038f03a8fd2e7fdc0cf4de539

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版XjVhNjMzNzNlMDFhNWE=a9dd1e6df137aea154f04de1257aba654c242ab7

3051cf979dead4289839f9d73c621433

IzVhNjMzNzNkZWIzNGQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLDegrCAnL6KgK2ytc-i

视频链接KjVhNjMzNzNkZWI1ZDk=

这里是文字版8451cf10cf114938358c2e65dbb814cc

dbe5b7aac1ab4cc95e8e872f153f73ac6b9a0eb5

1ad73630f9090e4dd4063728fbab7ee3

日语听着像江浙话NWE2MzM3M2RmMmY2ZQ==MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLDegrCAnL6KgGi9uLmi

be8ab42c737f43d9067ccc0877860632

你的直觉没出错QDVhNjMzNzNlMDFiOWE=XjVhNjMzNzNkZWJkNjY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzLDegrCAnL6KgZ68y6Wi

日语里的汉字发音0fcb18f8bcdefd85cd9ae45c9e3d2b01,有音读、训读两种a5b5427d10f582828a7e3a6f2c67cea9758c61222c6429eda40c6aaa7b84c7979d37b0a5

c71f7a85a33a5466abb109e1cd9d5bf6b0a3fa64

其中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLDegrCAnL6dhKuwzq2i,模仿汉语发音的是音读e812ae55e03a9e6791a1645c45cfa9d1MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzLDegrCAnL6KhKuxy8-i

c80aaa58c81aac7d04bcf1fa9f1dc6f6f4906c80

常见的音读又分三类:“吴音”、“汉音”、“唐音”de1a727f247d72c573815d6d3a0b2b28b69cad1d36049274da58769b1e2b2e04583100a23b8bc0be

6f5f71118d3e37238603a4bb2ca3baf3

它们虽然发音不太一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLDegrCAnL6dhKyxzq2ic3ce8178865a6ed0dff6eecb30fcb864c9374132

XjVhNjMzNzNkZWM4Y2I=

但是都和江浙话比较像f76a2ae400b05d3617d48c7cffdb111b16f7bacbe46f89762a03084be1ed2718eb208b70

2d8e098d7ca990422a5d014b2600b127886a3109

比如“京城”的“京”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzLDegrCAnL6dhK28y6mi,吴音是“kyoto”、汉音是“kei”、唐音是“kin”;e6ae488134e49f331e697f77ad8a0ec3

353d840a8ed34910c9474a54fe1942fbc01cc639

“光明”的“明”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzLDegrCAnL6dhGO9uL2i,吴音是“myo”、汉音是“mei”、唐音是“min”a3866ae3c232f9eef1f041093ff707ce742cd7f0d21ff8fa257dfb1ed4b388df

XjVhNjMzNzNkZWQwNjg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzLDegrCAnL6KiKq8y62i

1a73b00b9eceeb64ee556f16d78b628dbff1eaa7

a32533b545c9bc6d0c6120a1b6739245b88d07f3

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzLDegrCAnL6KiGOxuLGi

吴音的原型是9ae34d192aeb06534cfb9f4896cfa274c21c39ad

59ef63f5469ba78c3a1f3a9fdfbe4789

两晋南北朝的吴方言XjVhNjMzNzNlMDIzYjk=43a6030a6b85698ed2d86c7a65f14971

QDVhNjMzNzNkZWRhOGQ=

1b02f742d2b4059caa2a401921ad61a0f7746074

a8d354d7b7fe16e86d6d8d3c07a62c7b52cb1e10

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzLDegrCAnL6KiZ68zrmi

QDVhNjMzNzNkZWUwMWU=

中国文化传到日本973ec6751a2796f30768555d9e82961012fa857e,刚开始要靠朝鲜半岛做跳板KjVhNjMzNzNlMDI1MGI=786bb5ce31258d4ea367a50a91b19e46

65e6b7c97a88e8f786d43afd246ce85f

应神天皇十五年(公元285年)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLDegrCAnL6dhGaxzr2i,百济国王派阿直歧和王仁带着中国书籍东渡日本94387fa1a9c83c8a4c84b9fa48b22d734850efb4,这可能是日本人第一次大量接触汉语MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLDegrCAnbF3gGSxuKmi9a999d77d7e6245a3db06c4fb6fea8c2047fb922

JjVhNjMzNzNkZWU1YzA=

五世纪起MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzLDegrCAnL6dhGi9uL2i,日本和中国南朝有了使节往来MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLDegrCAnbF3gGW8zr2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzLDegrCAnL6KjGWwtbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzLDegrCAnL6KjGax262i

到了六世纪391e855994babd83a7107d7f7d6984d2,南朝不少僧侣工匠东渡日本d0bd6e81a7da507b26dd560cab85ff4f7c4b6af2,这些中国人不光带去了汉字书籍MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzLDegrCAnL6dhZ68k6mi,他们的方言口音也影响了日本人e0c5bdb40d3b139527c66e43d733f08aMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLDegrCAnL6KjGe8k72i

d2fd74a644bf3bd62a4e85dbc338c510

隋唐时期1d5b680ae4b91c69dc4ce8f4dbb3cd688e467f68,中国的政治文化中心迁回长安洛阳81055fb8a7836b5deda7e6d4e12738c7c5fdac8bMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzLDegrCAnL6KjZyytb2i

fba0949bdd29766be13af0c17d8cd5ccb7b914c6

日本留学生接触到的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzLDegrCAnL6diKqxy7Gi,主要也是长安洛阳音d153e22b84d6ff45af67ceebbdb2c159c1a142a9JTVhNjMzNzNkZWVmODk=

XjVhNjMzNzNkZWYwZjM=

这种发音传到日本以后JTVhNjMzNzNlMDAwODM=ac35a2ccd5f83b9e6a2e0899082186a4

QDVhNjMzNzNkZWYzZDg=

被叫做“汉音”00d8ccf498c5db8a76450fa47f59c8ca0922c0a8a698bf5ed5f0b20e7fb5b0fc60f65ce4

IzVhNjMzNzNkZWY3MGQ=

在醉心大唐文化的日本贵族和儒教弟子之间44d9251442408c397e96f51d6f270794ee533ea6,当时汉音比吴音更流行MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzLDegrCAnbF3gZ6yuL2iIzVhNjMzNzNkZWY4OWY=

NWE2MzM3M2RlZmEyYQ==

88f50c5131a12e9b6b831b3f6bbfcadb

JDVhNjMzNzNkZWZkNTM=

9d51aec76475bb2ef6b13534e853f73a

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLDegrCAnL6KkaCw28-i

不过bb5a4e72d8bf0bb72e6fc116faf4bc4d,一千多年前的汉语语音和现在不大一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzLDegrCAnbF3gZ-9y62i2fca4effda4ae094f7fd08d93a5a7e97

89aa4674a01bcba30b984f6f15f20b57

唐代的长安洛阳人说话7a9aace420ca6e906ef4558f5cc960d7067f8b35,比起今天的陕西河南方言b8f729146fa4bdfb5185000a4d1b07129c56f679,还是更像江浙话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLDegrCAnbF3hKqxqL2iJTVhNjMzNzNkZjA0N2U=

QDVhNjMzNzNkZjA1ZDg=

“唐音”又叫“宋音”或者“唐宋音”JjVhNjMzNzNlMDA3MWE=,指的是宋元明期间JTVhNjMzNzNlMDA4NTk=,传入日本的汉语发音af02333147d025b42664c20a3800fa02MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzLDegrCAnL6deGWwy8-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzLDegrCAnL6deGaytc-i

“唐”字的意思也不是唐代ad2db7b0914d85813c623d6103d503b7a6ecd656fcbb10878b15e73b00af345b465cf51e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzLDegrCAnL6deZuxy62i

而是泛指中国569e6191329b4cd06117ce2f89d397350415ce0c3ffbd5d95d6d01d3c5ff6e89

XjVhNjMzNzNkZjBlMDc=

唐音主要靠来往于江浙和日本之间的商人、和尚传播dbc31066d63809d7a2cc5c2bb90c78806f10427eMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiD3LCXgWiEnrF6jGS8yKGi

IzVhNjMzNzNkZjEwOTQ=

唐音的原型b13fbf80adb8f3dd91cfb6f77fa52cff56509b14XjVhNjMzNzNkZjExYzI=

36d3a13e0711a0ccc8c0ea4774bc86fb

是浙江土话和南京官话KjVhNjMzNzNlMDM2YzM=NWE2MzM3M2RmMTQ0Yg==

540563aee6cf6019dfae73165787fa82a9480ea3

59bbb02344f50b3375817ba4583066c9b561d076

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzLDegrCAnL6dfGawzrmi

4ccbffbf678613535ff08f566f0887a5

 NWE2MzM3M2RmMWFjMg==

现代日语里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLDegrCAnbF3eZywk7mi,三种音读出现频率最高的是汉音JjVhNjMzNzNlMDBkOGI=,其次是吴音b3190c76351302601586fb7ca541cc7d,最后是唐音NWE2MzM3M2UwMzgyOA==41a4ae78760874a9c2d7770c1990931ed0d56761

65c27301f20185c80af16dfef16b8154

因为历代政府的偏爱d7ac574069e45466ca16dc13d8737638,汉音的势力越来越大4e9264e66059cc231336cfba7bcb0bfe1e5a83a4,直到在东京话的基础上bd214a248c569731e82c9a740405fe18,形成了现代标准日语a135f64b66e299cfce121ccc1a3fea41039fcaf4939119df1104c31e832cb72bb0c704f6bdd2ab42

JjVhNjMzNzNkZjFmZWU=

汉音占了音读的半壁江山MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzLDegrCAnbF3hGexk7GiITVhNjMzNzNkZjIxNTY=

16de2738c3a8d6b945a8d39096513de2

KjVhNjMzNzNkZjIzZGU=

d6ca290807a67eac484a76400d3b7b395ed15953

79709cf64f22b1f387d86d1ed999aab6

 9ec441a4899aa03ff29e3dda91dc9e85

至于唐音3e7d41ee95b65685e8637661a32e971e,今天基本上只在禅宗、武士道、茶道这些领域里才能见到了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzLDegrCAnbF3hGi9qKmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzLDegrCAnL6dgGa9y8ei

070145d1612ae2b82597a44aeb914b0e4973d3d9

 

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