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日语听着像江浙话,你的直觉没出错

日语里一多半的发音确实和汉语QDViMDIxODVjNjJkMjk=,尤其是江浙话有点像QDViMDIxODVjNjVmZDM=12c99c3f16b2dd959616681635a9e58019feef3d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KHo5-8tc-i

从两晋南北朝到明代MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdgZ6xk62i,江浙话锲而不舍地影响着日语发音777942a2f582c598bcbe121e7b41dbe2f08de3d8d9cbf07fa2c4d1d17b3735b0109fb43025c11c1e

9841ba15d99018fc6010894df117cf21

日本人的吴音、汉音和唐音139f655dda53ac7c60376cfed91b147f,都是江浙话的远房亲戚JTViMDIxODVjNjYyOTY=QDViMDIxODVjNWEzYzU=

32ee722d553e1b486cf1a8a4fe53689e

那么这种语言改造是怎么完成的呢?视知TV用两分钟告诉你~QDViMDIxODVjNWE2N2M=

6bd30c6d2f224dafe300dd902eb9c7bab1a78c6e

· 温馨提示 ·JjViMDIxODVjNWE5Mjk=

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版c5646ea9e3db32663cacfdc99423dcbf3cd5635fe8245c7f0bff923380f20b03426b2c8deeaca358

3658763e2522757f0a1b7093ecf41eb7

ITViMDIxODVjNWFkNmQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKfZ68y8-i

视频链接9bd3940f19911ae3d30f5c9d374f9b60

这里是文字版MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKgKqxk7mi

93ac77902d364d6dd4153a1d532ad697ab974c35

946f25251e85efbd323928edfe51c55d

日语听着像江浙话KjViMDIxODVjNjMxN2Y=NWIwMjE4NWM1YjViZA==

33315238d27d18dba3e73323dfca31e4

你的直觉没出错3711efc0f3ff51efc2bc3455a39dce1bMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKgGaxzrWi

9cef7b3563efa03017378ef634da086e86318296

日语里的汉字发音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdhKu9pami,有音读、训读两种276542944d0a06fed2d34ffd545a53ffea94dd5183fe38cc67ea43c6d1735a7a37aa1568ec2146c3

XjViMDIxODVjNWJjOTI=

其中JDViMDIxODVjNjM0ODk=,模仿汉语发音的是音读MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdkGW9ta2iXjViMDIxODVjNWJkZmY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKgZ-xqLGi

常见的音读又分三类:“吴音”、“汉音”、“唐音”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdkGexy72i7bb9119b0fd84445e7d20a0865024003

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKhKq9y8ei

它们虽然发音不太一样QDViMDIxODVjNjM1Zjg=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKhKyxqLGi

f3acee393cbdee8cf677fdfa5b2f61bb313c7b4d

但是都和江浙话比较像39856e1cc25568ae4a7681f29188b0d28d4bc3a048c0dbd82f1cd352e6742c1e

1b7c24b5a8354de0d28c693c8b7933aacee9389e

比如“京城”的“京”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdhGWxqLWi,吴音是“kyoto”、汉音是“kei”、唐音是“kin”;3fdc3200730775e02667eef06f9edf0df0f491ec

f2b23ecd98bd92d327a69a1a2d237efc

“光明”的“明”5c7aaf97cc9d8db3c433ead2f502e193fd9bf539,吴音是“myo”、汉音是“mei”、唐音是“min”76333b21d5d5ed8d54d5d20225b86b1ae880429354fd699249b9bf648eabdb6f638dfdb2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKhZy9zq2i

0d574ea44a8b1b2c897c6ce6db97899884152df1

3de5750973d099bf3056fa68a9dc5fa717b906f7

a5f275e169a84a3cf01542b81ef8f9ada41642e8

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKiKuxuLWi

吴音的原型是b924869d5085d335c89ad852801e7188e8495508

abd3d6d84f787b641f07a90513be953039ce0ff0

两晋南北朝的吴方言ccb415b63ba9217c2bc927f5cfd14c8030b21c41MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKiGSxzrmi

1937d15b86bd7d78986e5c7ebcc30d2f5a5cf093

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKiGewuLmi

82b8d30664b005b6647a109f5d9a8824

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKiZu826mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKiZ2wtcei

中国文化传到日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdhGiw28ei,刚开始要靠朝鲜半岛做跳板ec6773230e549c78ada850767e40fafe5dd5728d160ffb72bbe2dd9e20bdbab16d4d571162ec96d0

d6552346b90a1d030c721e2d0751a4e7e9d528be

应神天皇十五年(公元285年)7b8869cfdacc1b85ae67e5af033ea7bfee85ddde,百济国王派阿直歧和王仁带着中国书籍东渡日本JjViMDIxODVjNjNkMjA=,这可能是日本人第一次大量接触汉语73cfa4d85030b0d7244f44dc97e22865MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiYgo1_Yr6HeGO8yKGi

IzViMDIxODVjNWUyZWI=

五世纪起f697d24f5080c2cc5c3073c33c599e48,日本和中国南朝有了使节往来JDViMDIxODVjNjczNDY=IzViMDIxODVjNWU0NWI=

52d23c3e1efab251ac2dad33d21d32c6040a0ee7

到了六世纪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdhZ-9tb2i,南朝不少僧侣工匠东渡日本788318870357b12033a18ad6f5eda2a3,这些中国人不光带去了汉字书籍eda4a881140fa46b6ef729cb8eaf50b5d22445f6,他们的方言口音也影响了日本人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7Kdmq28taWiITViMDIxODVjNWU3M2I=

6ac187fff17bcdc96f8afb60610486ae

隋唐时期1572131b58c32efe79fbc46a0f8008078ed49289,中国的政治文化中心迁回长安洛阳ITViMDIxODVjNjc2ODg=b46b406cd192ad6ed4f4022c6cc88e615bc09e65

a46090566ad2dcd1cbd9000c013a5c9bd66d3e92

日本留学生接触到的MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiYgo1_Y7J3iZuysqGi,主要也是长安洛阳音ITViMDIxODVjNjc4MTk=JDViMDIxODVjNWVjZTE=

4d86a91f6848eb211f8f2711fc2f4c255896057f

这种发音传到日本以后ee05e8d00ae1ed1e7fac0dbd8b55fb843b65749c53961bc3d8384b912a082f2fe35e68f9

9454479e19ec610de34e5c7a4e7a47b810385f88

被叫做“汉音”XjViMDIxODVjNjc5YTk=474bc258b0c4a559dc31f3213e91be70

059f3e31a209c980391b8d7cbf88ea2bc503bbbe

在醉心大唐文化的日本贵族和儒教弟子之间15059f68e785524d22b356d6b8be9771a5bca2c6,当时汉音比吴音更流行JDViMDIxODVjNjdiNWE=JjViMDIxODVjNWY1MmI=

530a55699285bc42501e366f6161196e

111db390a5f55dc85e5023d6a4f3d7fe9c3b6c5a

NWIwMjE4NWM1ZjllMA==

QDViMDIxODVjNWZiNjA=

 d304e6499277a7a0a1ed804f53c021bb0d9d3236

不过NWIwMjE4NWM2NGExZQ==,一千多年前的汉语语音和现在不大一样0520cd77dedf8c09c95001ba3bd58754MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KKkZ6w26Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiYgo1_Yr6gjZ2wsqGi

唐代的长安洛阳人说话c4d7ebe7b3a195d8f82ca16e3e7082bc,比起今天的陕西河南方言MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdiZ2wpcei,还是更像江浙话NWIwMjE4NWM2N2VjMg==MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdeKqxpa2i

JjViMDIxODVjNjAzMDY=

“唐音”又叫“宋音”或者“唐宋音”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdiZ6x27Gi,指的是宋元明期间22d8a059d50a6ce0062e4c9b0e04b5e23c506dd4,传入日本的汉语发音MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiYgo1_Y7JlkKyysqGi0127ac8b18bae77891939842a51af489c9a224ff

8c610eba90d1b76db18bcb7b22c10c1339909fcb

“唐”字的意思也不是唐代JjViMDIxODVjNjUxNjk=e37fa16b694a3392f82c9e7dab188b2699c0abb2

4a77c3f337772888d92205ad7070a3d9

而是泛指中国f17ca1fba52c5726d215f906df38012193046eb8MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdeGiypaWi

a9e042fc723880ca11ab329a584b68d8

唐音主要靠来往于江浙和日本之间的商人、和尚传播caa830b5b6a6091379ebdae05f752c76706509afMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdeZ2ytcui

JDViMDIxODVjNjBmM2Y=

唐音的原型XjViMDIxODVjNjUyZDU=ITViMDIxODVjNjEwYjk=

2883d813077bae01c0c9d924db1dfa7075093881

是浙江土话和南京官话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7Kdnq29y8uiJTViMDIxODVjNjEzYmQ=

ITViMDIxODVjNjE1M2Q=

JjViMDIxODVjNjE2YzQ=

b647a53ba6868957ae1d07f6b3968103

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdfGe8y6Wi

 f49e934eddd072085b8698d85cd75d7f902a59e5

现代日语里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdjK2wy8ei,三种音读出现频率最高的是汉音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdjGO8tami,其次是吴音4090bd4c4b2d3a5c6e8fa980dd4160af,最后是唐音XjViMDIxODVjNjg2ZTE=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdfZyxuKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdfZ28y7Wi

因为历代政府的偏爱12b4e0b99c293499ffda70e907863b259a6b6f48,汉音的势力越来越大MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdjGe9uLWi,直到在东京话的基础上19dcea0da26c305667daac128cd1c687d5b5ea6e,形成了现代标准日语MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiYgo1_Y7KKgZ28sqGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DzKiYgo1_Y7GKjKu8sqGi

963ad0128e6d76711d8d9ace0d9fa8d8

汉音占了音读的半壁江山1b3eb1b5eed8586e073ade32c284c9aa62a40005JDViMDIxODVjNjIxZDI=

68b924028c61c4534583f4c42b15d2d9

d602b96410fbe6f2346364f4dfab19aa

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdgGO8k7Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dpqzcg3qIm7KdgGWwy7Wi

 72491d557e59139411fcc643ec07212cc1b0410a

至于唐音d2225e6821058130fc636d5b6843510ef552bdbe,今天基本上只在禅宗、武士道、茶道这些领域里才能见到了f455d401240fbecd2e641c0a10efb31c3b5785e9e87deb29df377117c2929d5668c22040

11670b86ac363306de8a76301e4a51fe

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