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日语听着像江浙话,你的直觉没出错

日语里一多半的发音确实和汉语18a7275bea4fd104999c67464a5e811111301f88,尤其是江浙话有点像d1e7e6393837086a91dba3eebf1cb600ef9969d4be2881b5870af55bf1bf3b0d07bf872e

4bd3fb9be5fc60f5338f6efa8d0f90fb

从两晋南北朝到明代MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHn6Cwy6mi,江浙话锲而不舍地影响着日语发音6f58b74a47c47bc55e9054dd37d150c2d447adcaJTVhZTBmNjVlMTAyMzk=

8c4fa87bc9135f1c436f8784a100e3b37cabd6fd

日本人的吴音、汉音和唐音KjVhZTBmNjVlMTkxYTM=,都是江浙话的远房亲戚97c851a077e42273b9e42c0c641daf63MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHeK29zr2i

7967973ae60d1decc6cc25a1def9b7d652f5f758

那么这种语言改造是怎么完成的呢?视知TV用两分钟告诉你~1adfd7a7a185fe6c85177dcbeaf86d97

85bd7e67c74024ee07cf5352d15b839205f172d2

· 温馨提示 ·MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHeGixzrmi

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版24987c75a55cf03374bba5c3f6c4a3b46635892fQDVhZTBmNjVlMTBiY2E=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqXRgqCInbGHeZ2wtcei

IzVhZTBmNjVlMTBlNzc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHeZ-9qLWi

视频链接13944d3e05320cb781e60dcf0b1bcb52

这里是文字版MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHfKuyqLmi

ec3e6a7ab81aa9956251bb8cdd02346e

5d401703a2e23fbdcd9967d3b0958be9242353b5

日语听着像江浙话KjVhZTBmNjVlMTkzMGE=2cf79508768cbee0141b319a622c456a

9b01b9a675fc5609717bb926d9835c02636df5f6

你的直觉没出错a5976c9d54eace3394b0fdb3e0585f7bJDVhZTBmNjVlMTE5NTM=

9ee348c74a2a99e06ef76b9f294540ce

日语里的汉字发音837a26d469b74810e528a24c03a5328e,有音读、训读两种ITVhZTBmNjVlMWM4MGM=a7d48acdfa69c8b772fd9e359f918ceff6a47797

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHfZ2xtaWi

其中950944462035da71afeb485936fd44d5c3b6cc76,模仿汉语发音的是音读ITVhZTBmNjVlMWM5Nzc=JjVhZTBmNjVlMTFlYmQ=

XjVhZTBmNjVlMTIwMTI=

常见的音读又分三类:“吴音”、“汉音”、“唐音”82194d130e56c655afe93d4c5aa1918fMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHgKqxuLmi

ITVhZTBmNjVlMTIyYzk=

它们虽然发音不太一样5557d372cf3c1109479856a820e83aab5c32f642267015a6fe23622985f1c53f8e9a4b52

NWFlMGY2NWUxMjU5NA==

但是都和江浙话比较像abc16eb2cd50c72903e7138b0051f14a3f74d03aMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHgGS9tami

0d38673544db98dd2db34c69cf109b05

比如“京城”的“京”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqXRgqCInbGHoma8uK2i,吴音是“kyoto”、汉音是“kei”、唐音是“kin”;XjVhZTBmNjVlMTI5YjM=

567bd436501b386dc8d2f187c04b5296

“光明”的“明”545d5fbcd44a39a8713d268e32e38d8b5d737510,吴音是“myo”、汉音是“mei”、唐音是“min”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QtqXRgqCInbGKhZ2yuLmi287b9333d10b6ab52999ee60378f0d7df0502d1c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHgZ29zrGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHgZ-x27Gi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyWgo2HqbGteKqxsqGi

b4cfe77ce8abcd293fbaa19038677546f5ab941b

 19523612e6e5ded3999dc5e6ee4f04b2

吴音的原型是ebd1197df757eec329cd943765f36a28

IzVhZTBmNjVlMTM2Zjc=

两晋南北朝的吴方言339c5ec4e50325f6eb9c927f2fdef32fc46412faJTVhZTBmNjVlMTM4NzU=

3b174cd284b910a0850d3cd53f162237

c8c0efc0fa91db49bf1f8aff45802bc6c29b2b44

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHhZy8tcui

9cc27a1f35410b2bd7374f4cde281f4f

ITVhZTBmNjVlMTNmOTY=

中国文化传到日本d7169f3818265109d17c8d6f4ea04599d33fc259,刚开始要靠朝鲜半岛做跳板52898ba5d2a5778b31258bc66747ee07b0b51ca7b16fa2938f01edec38a9ff0c

JjVhZTBmNjVlMTQyNjU=

应神天皇十五年(公元285年)4442d0bbb902f7b55b91b3ac329a01ba,百济国王派阿直歧和王仁带着中国书籍东渡日本JDVhZTBmNjVlMTllODE=,这可能是日本人第一次大量接触汉语7e484021d035294f60beb101154ec1910f9501d3MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QtqXRgqCInbGHiKy8y72i

c9a0bb601edfe6f90afd1495b6cb3cf589e5a3be

五世纪起XjVhZTBmNjVlMWEwMDM=,日本和中国南朝有了使节往来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QtqXRgqCInbGKiKyxzq2iXjVhZTBmNjVlMTQ2Yjc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHiGawpc-i

到了六世纪0d0dc0df8130295f0e834e492c836064,南朝不少僧侣工匠东渡日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyWgo2Hqb2HfZ6xoqGi,这些中国人不光带去了汉字书籍MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRgqCInbGKfK2wk7Wi,他们的方言口音也影响了日本人ac6cf9d686e10b512569036cf8d10ca9ITVhZTBmNjVlMTQ5OTY=

65fb3993bde0063dd1e5ae3e09256456fbb23cab

隋唐时期599fc67658a6ab7cc20c75d7839566b5611a2384,中国的政治文化中心迁回长安洛阳e295aec82209aff0c260342100cfad4544f4c2fb289b8e54d2a1fa143f4ae9a7

5a660bb36c7e82e41a0e2b06a4c832cdd8babccf

日本留学生接触到的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqXRgqCInbGKfGWwy6mi,主要也是长安洛阳音JDVhZTBmNjVlMWQ3ZGE=JDVhZTBmNjVlMTRmNjE=

f4e238a9e6a9226a6011ea24810a2901

这种发音传到日本以后227e8630f93248e5ae67579d6765e5c8MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyWgo2HqbKHfK29yKGi

JDVhZTBmNjVlMTUzZWE=

被叫做“汉音”IzVhZTBmNjVlMWQ5NDU=ITVhZTBmNjVlMTU1NTM=

be8bd018b727311cdbc5075095a8d906c79a4d05

在醉心大唐文化的日本贵族和儒教弟子之间43609dfbf220047a6d410f08f7104a21,当时汉音比吴音更流行MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRgqCInbGKiGiytceiNWFlMGY2NWUxNTgzMA==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyWgo2HqbKHnme9oqGi

bc1426f78292f51387681ccf174a037244f24963

JDVhZTBmNjVlMTVjODc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHjZ29pc-i

 0de87dd6ca31ed5d9a36a4845c38ce37

不过MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QtqXRgqCInbGKfZuxy62i,一千多年前的汉语语音和现在不大一样f1d1989d95c969da19f0cee328ce19a8450bdef89dff8108963cf599f4d97b6813b90e2ceb02665c

a1cd68d7f2922de9650ac3357167c1c9

唐代的长安洛阳人说话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QtqXRgqCInbGKfZy9qKmi,比起今天的陕西河南方言MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqXRgqCInbGKfZ6xpbGi,还是更像江浙话4b065c6e7fcfcfcd1222bcb74d8a577b2adf9064c340b8f408a2dc5e76ddfdd1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHkGOwy62i

“唐音”又叫“宋音”或者“唐宋音”0ee68b97d405392c4a1471a43a97a0dd24e0c274,指的是宋元明期间JTVhZTBmNjVlMWIxM2U=,传入日本的汉语发音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QtqXRgqCInbGKiZ69uLGiae25fe533ea159fe0da46ca17f8b0f79ede1758a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QtqXRgqCInbGHkGW9y62i

“唐”字的意思也不是唐代6a3afa42c5299d98e300d43f8cbb056bKjVhZTBmNjVlMTY5N2Q=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqXRgqCInbGHkGi8k7mi

而是泛指中国KjVhZTBmNjVlMWUwN2I=JjVhZTBmNjVlMTZjNGY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqXRgqCInbGHkZ28tami

唐音主要靠来往于江浙和日本之间的商人、和尚传播MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRgqCInbGKjKq8k7WiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHkZ-wqL2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyWgo2HqbKgkZuxyKGi

唐音的原型JjVhZTBmNjVlMWI0MjY=3f6b0658106c1e6ab781f5d730ece0d1a98560db

579494029a8c2c5104287e199fc3c904

是浙江土话和南京官话MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyWgo2Hqb6HgGOwsqGi24c448025c38baa16c1c64bc16e06a38ef27c400

JDVhZTBmNjVlMTc2NmY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHmmW826Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHmmewy72i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqXRgqCInbGHmmiyqLWi

 5c03e037b8bc1c5605e5c7b8397eb8d3

现代日语里8490761b1b880e419f4b049d34caa259,三种音读出现频率最高的是汉音ebf883c5e62b9847ece804cdc58fe3461f6dd11b,其次是吴音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6QtqXRgqCInbGKgGaxuL2i,最后是唐音MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqXRgqCInbGKjK28tc-iffd95d7f4162d7357df9034f79b2f821e254cab6

27bed960fee403bff1a2b7aed8c4168a

因为历代政府的偏爱f72c4fe0f6444558158d321d306c1c96,汉音的势力越来越大JTVhZTBmNjVlMWJiNTI=,直到在东京话的基础上a8fa69b767f713931fff99d5ba3470b6,形成了现代标准日语4875c49f131a4021dccef456890d611a8f0623b4e9c32e19adb213cb55fa9bb0d92fc8d22b972b6c

581cee2462ad6e314dedccd36f49be56

汉音占了音读的半壁江山0ecf52681298f3a925a7d7f511400c40MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyWgo2HqbN3gGSxoqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRgqCInbGHnq2826Wi

3f6e130a837cc6181ee6ab6d02aae2a7

51899f4b135516cab7dbdf889f65122c

6a4a09a370edc5a7c8cc54d41462b81d

 9a579cc497c2c09a192c50c4ccd9f75ca0533f68

至于唐音IzVhZTBmNjVlMWJmNmI=,今天基本上只在禅宗、武士道、茶道这些领域里才能见到了ITVhZTBmNjVlMWU3Yjk=0038a2ccec7c81c1678f0e649d5339c9bd5fb160

XjVhZTBmNjVlMThkNTQ=

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