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日语听着像江浙话,你的直觉没出错

日语里一多半的发音确实和汉语NWE2NzE4MDUzNmFmMw==,尤其是江浙话有点像592979e6dcfa5bc23ac01a595c31c6794b3ee54f3b3be467f9983def441cc7dfbe142680

b40306caf1035a8ed81033929daefe85

从两晋南北朝到明代e6cf058bde9da5845795e18fbdb8902d,江浙话锲而不舍地影响着日语发音JDVhNjcxODA1MzliYzQ=JTVhNjcxODA1MmViMWU=

IzVhNjcxODA1MmVjNWM=

日本人的吴音、汉音和唐音b1f3329a69292da4a3d3d7459549a48ae04ada96,都是江浙话的远房亲戚60de9125a35dbe09832c0cd3d3d44431MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGgjZ28tcui

ITVhNjcxODA1MmVlZjM=

那么这种语言改造是怎么完成的呢?视知TV用两分钟告诉你~d14a55d6f828cccec3d69f4876cf147a

ae6566bb42dbef97f39330ead4bb9b24124702ab

· 温馨提示 ·40d289f9a98b4da24b47c7448088e50a

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版f3d70c711a98b682a921cdeeae19d2dfMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGgkK2wtbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbcg3pzYrGgkGOxy6Wi

NWE2NzE4MDUyZjZkMQ==

0efa9972874d398474d42f4370b264b80a0ca590

视频链接2a7c2c026fc2a1caa2cd8fbbc793d364

这里是文字版ff6f1eae25e784e641e61ac4e2e95d05d3059514

56602e57ae8da91fb6a9385deaacfdce

748e5c26746c4b9a9a92691d8ff67f4f

日语听着像江浙话JDVhNjcxODA1MzZlZjg=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGgkZ68tcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KiYgXqHqr6gjaCxoqGi

你的直觉没出错MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbcg3pzYrGto5-9y6miJTVhNjcxODA1MzAxM2I=

25f147984afebc3618041109c3b48ab03040ecab

日语里的汉字发音JjVhNjcxODA1MzcwNGI=,有音读、训读两种MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbcg3pzYrFlfKqxzrGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGteKy8k62i

da2daf494f6ec0adbeb47e543eaa1945967734a7

其中KjVhNjcxODA1MzcxOWM=,模仿汉语发音的是音读9e037c152e9330fb0dde1c2ce3fae039942fa67cc502a0325b3b051f18d5838834c3905d

76fc1bb14707bd2dfb4a0f0440fdc1509dfceb38

常见的音读又分三类:“吴音”、“汉音”、“唐音”6c6eb7bc1398039f29b5a4c29640caa9a4cedf7cd53daecca098077f4a64710049db68e0

15e1ee279276559efccaa55d227b60b0

它们虽然发音不太一样17593b9f773d1431442b3b4d9a7712b9NWE2NzE4MDUzMGJiYw==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGteZ2wpc-i

但是都和江浙话比较像ebb4f2dd89caa2f6695ca4cf699cf5fb18331b29cce07ab865431d9a0b8425f9f11896a0

22ae8484871982f49ec305996d26668e52286720

比如“京城”的“京”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtmq2wk7mi,吴音是“kyoto”、汉音是“kei”、唐音是“kin”;fa25b28c562e859287df4d7469cd0d3545889b3f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtfKuw262i

“光明”的“明”3a2f0c575b71d49c6c64a5364b3f438a2d7813b8,吴音是“myo”、汉音是“mei”、唐音是“min”a3abb3e6a8c89a0b06fb88b552147500ea3b0a98037de6a8e6b69ea16b2e4541

c6bee71fc04605f2f453bca860602072d80ead83

9264a173411e8721c4667f57eb1891d7

b339635f7dea1b7e96a37ce309968ef2581a0ef2

JDVhNjcxODA1MzE4Nzg=

 2f5784b6334c32c4649693168efc4312bd9963cc

吴音的原型是bcca95a3ea936450c22c1e39c6f62f2c5d27e42f

ea6d2b9fbd31ea737bbc82a96d85991a

两晋南北朝的吴方言XjVhNjcxODA1M2E4Njg=e9f541724bfcf2b1f181ec49bb65e62c

caf4c3f4be022623646caa7d99aa398f

ef7191485e68062094e6531b885ca09d8b7605a6

57518e9181b43069e784047814cd75d81730d70a

1efbd6ce2ee9c82fd8582de824ceac2a

IzVhNjcxODA1MzIzYjc=

中国文化传到日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtmmS9tbWi,刚开始要靠朝鲜半岛做跳板NWE2NzE4MDUzYTliOQ==728bb125d81361cf7391cd0038e5104c

6c33375459594e51981c5cbf77b30906

应神天皇十五年(公元285年)bef7a29f734c2159aeab4420250d049ffad265da,百济国王派阿直歧和王仁带着中国书籍东渡日本JTVhNjcxODA1Mzc5OWU=,这可能是日本人第一次大量接触汉语QDVhNjcxODA1M2FhZmE=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtgGWyta2i

26c58e601a132b36c620a36e40ca939f

五世纪起QDVhNjcxODA1MzdhZjA=,日本和中国南朝有了使节往来MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KiYgXqHq72KgGO9sqGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtgGiwuKmi

JTVhNjcxODA1MzJiNmM=

到了六世纪0ca94480213400a867055a5eab1d337c37294684,南朝不少僧侣工匠东渡日本XjVhNjcxODA1MzdkOTM=,这些中国人不光带去了汉字书籍fe1713e47e3c0a8daeaee65829f35c91,他们的方言口音也影响了日本人KjVhNjcxODA1M2FkYjA=c1e0ee7a027e4ffb01476df8c06b291c2182b147

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtgZ29zrWi

隋唐时期MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtm6CxpaWi,中国的政治文化中心迁回长安洛阳NWE2NzE4MDUzYWYwNg==JDVhNjcxODA1MzJmM2U=

fc745b1dea1db7a58e5ad122d42c1f25

日本留学生接触到的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtnqqytbGi,主要也是长安洛阳音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbcg3pzYrFlfaCxtamiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGthKq8k6mi

eb517d2bdb0c4e684fc2d299b5392ea4

这种发音传到日本以后MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbcg3pzYrGtnqu9tb2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGthK2x26mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGthGO8zq2i

被叫做“汉音”ITVhNjcxODA1M2IxYTM=JDVhNjcxODA1MzM2ZWU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGthGaw28-i

在醉心大唐文化的日本贵族和儒教弟子之间MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtnq2w28ui,当时汉音比吴音更流行5d2d9fa4a2c66941a53888606b203078b9cc9ce60c2fefd4a85e33e4acc357728f07e1fe

KjVhNjcxODA1MzNhZGQ=

6c0824420dec1ffdc73fa47741add895

fa8adead30c71b8a82d3db8d9ee2ae87

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGthZ68zqmi

 7a1398c96a3cc85dbe401eec3a4af15331eb4dbc

不过JDVhNjcxODA1Mzg1OGM=,一千多年前的汉语语音和现在不大一样JTVhNjcxODA1M2I0MjM=02fededb600633fe8501fe050a5c3fa4d1f84822

IzVhNjcxODA1MzQyODA=

唐代的长安洛阳人说话QDVhNjcxODA1Mzg2ZjI=,比起今天的陕西河南方言81f7d2e00ba3c81d5be3b1910a0657cbb25290b9,还是更像江浙话MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbcg3pzYrFlgGOxzrmifbd80d7d08ca1a4cf96ad1fbfde77d22

7f0a18f1a665618f5178b834f8c361201cf623f2

“唐音”又叫“宋音”或者“唐宋音”1191b4f46247c84737056c62fd21397831619072,指的是宋元明期间MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtnmi8272i,传入日本的汉语发音8270ca74a8c9628e7665be992adfbb8209fb82c98d602db1803415bb9793ca517103d09ee5620adb

d51b0bf0f5dea178dcfbad38986e4b2a

“唐”字的意思也不是唐代MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtn5ywuLWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtiGa8k7Gi

75ed6d4161e10d0266b926e9621ad4ee

而是泛指中国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbcg3pzYrFlgGW9tami74a7802ddb55af21a6dd5543a429c24e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbcg3pzYrGtiZy9y8ui

唐音主要靠来往于江浙和日本之间的商人、和尚传播d99e21e4140205aa55027c37c60ff6afMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtiZ6xy8ui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtiZ-828-i

唐音的原型MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbcg3pzYrGtn52yqLWi0589eeaf79e9e141ba9f81790278c198f6b4a476

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtjKuytaWi

是浙江土话和南京官话ITVhNjcxODA1M2JhZDQ=12c8756f2b852e4cfbbb01c6dc1abaea

XjVhNjcxODA1MzU1MmY=

JTVhNjcxODA1MzU2NmQ=

QDVhNjcxODA1MzU3YjE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtjGa9zr2i

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtjGixy6Wi

现代日语里8436f054be51a135660b1641353609da25cd5fa7,三种音读出现频率最高的是汉音JDVhNjcxODA1MzkwNjc=,其次是吴音b351a559c89b0439e70c4c91e991da6a,最后是唐音df773f655d39c32b4bc31805b07f9f613cd6d474f14cdbd4652380e3a8399fb6

IzVhNjcxODA1MzVjZDk=

因为历代政府的偏爱56a785f538af43dbb023b4f99e6e262784a21820,汉音的势力越来越大XjVhNjcxODA1Mzk0YTA=,直到在东京话的基础上MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbcg3pzYrGtomO9y7Wi,形成了现代标准日语MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtomWxuK2i832182a11a19222883d35b2519c233c3

8f7754c7cee2035b369c70db46e2fec8

汉音占了音读的半壁江山f766d179d195b43c8536e50907fe831eIzVhNjcxODA1MzYwYTQ=

NWE2NzE4MDUzNjFlYw==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbcg3pzYrGtkKyw28ei

85221b41103ca4d8b31ae8cb6af1c1afa682210c

JDVhNjcxODA1MzY1YjU=

 5c53f325398471e89e368579a9677c4e

至于唐音a7d925ef8cb42d86bf8a4e4d3fa04491,今天基本上只在禅宗、武士道、茶道这些领域里才能见到了MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KiYgXqHq72gjKywsqGiITVhNjcxODA1MzY4MzY=

89f0a6edf3e230014af3b807e28875212c153b5f

 

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