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日语听着像江浙话,你的直觉没出错

日语里一多半的发音确实和汉语MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqSYjqB7q7Gdomew27Gi,尤其是江浙话有点像ITVhZTA4ZjIzMmNiMjA=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GdeZu9pcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqSYjqB7q7GdeZ2xpbGi

从两晋南北朝到明代4522a612e928b17beba525fdd1832207,江浙话锲而不舍地影响着日语发音715a8d056ad1b48c406e32eddc60342265bacdc743b6a961aef7d96c627bb3cf467c5092

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GdeaCwtb2i

日本人的吴音、汉音和唐音0aa60d1949bee47a0c9c9b9cca218f454bbf7ba5,都是江浙话的远房亲戚e8b9991f706cc0d95cbd523fcd49c3c8IzVhZTA4ZjIzMjExODU=

JDVhZTA4ZjIzMjEyZTQ=

那么这种语言改造是怎么完成的呢?视知TV用两分钟告诉你~JTVhZTA4ZjIzMjE0M2E=

0b9e033f1c5fca19a0a74d2d01cb7545

· 温馨提示 ·74a6aa393e2a6e4958afe55529411ab6a42bc8fd

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GghZ-wy62ic1fd3f2265d1aa63beebeb6d5a464e86

e8f443637ae613826db50e92fd4b19c0

b781260960cf5e4c681f6b4e0396f585a0bedebe

6e2d7f9b78c92603f9668913e2643d5104a59fdf

视频链接2438617fe035d52a3951b5e00b877416

这里是文字版690baa7573d690accc4330c789322e5dce7ba83c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqSYjqB7q7GdfaCxpcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GdgKqyuLWi

日语听着像江浙话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqSYjqB7q7Gdo52xy8eiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GdgKu9zrmi

91eff44f9376a5b3697c467abf4adbf9

你的直觉没出错3f1ff2f7d354cff9cccb15e2f2adfbeee593662df1e4389fe936c64df48bcce15a4eac35

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GdgGWwpbWi

日语里的汉字发音ITVhZTA4ZjIzMjllYzU=,有音读、训读两种1326a46788199066680199ca9a0434b6fa7df8ccb0c75c898860b1a6eca59fa4b49df98a

2c8a308ea54046e69b9b24b595aa2e0d

其中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QtqSYjqB7q7Gdo6Cwta2i,模仿汉语发音的是音读424052a9c032d6e213c3610f3f3ab5b2f088a8160c24d9c9b91b3694a6f8fb00ddc2d2cd

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GdgZyxy8ui

常见的音读又分三类:“吴音”、“汉音”、“唐音”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GgiGOwpaWiNWFlMDhmMjMyMmRkOA==

IzVhZTA4ZjIzMjJmNGU=

它们虽然发音不太一样JTVhZTA4ZjIzMmExODA=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqSYjqB7q7GdgaC8tbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GdhKuwpbWi

但是都和江浙话比较像ITVhZTA4ZjIzMmQ2OTY=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QtqSYjqB7q7GdhKyxy8ei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GdhK28zrmi

比如“京城”的“京”JTVhZTA4ZjIzMmEyZGQ=,吴音是“kyoto”、汉音是“kei”、唐音是“kin”;bb1260270450e790bf91acb4737fc7a7

681c652998f95b57b19eec047fa89ad9

“光明”的“明”4fc7320a6fbf78d90f1aaa09cd07bda81cf0123d,吴音是“myo”、汉音是“mei”、唐音是“min”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GgiGW9tc-i51e0ee6cfb47c5116e71f446f97875f17678ee56

6b1abd7ea3fdc07ac869caacb1ebb76e

d39dfe9902405fb56671f5d2217a73af2a53c9ef

XjVhZTA4ZjIzMjNkOGI=

20602f66539de70c94c423215508d32b

 33f6f5e994aa8b550830979f9fb15aca

吴音的原型是77d0c0d8c0a652898df6dce82e65a435b3b25b8e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GdiKywy8ui

两晋南北朝的吴方言IzVhZTA4ZjIzMmQ5Njk=MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDpsvRgaB_qrJ3hGiwsqGi

006435682b1488d80ccfdfdbf2498aa05244c442

JDVhZTA4ZjIzMjQ3NWM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GdiGa8y8ei

68752284541efeb90a9b70f784feb4f967cdc94f

ecc561f5b7077495917eb4a4e6e5d9889efd1d5d

中国文化传到日本IzVhZTA4ZjIzMmE1ZTE=,刚开始要靠朝鲜半岛做跳板4ba4b8ef3fe2bf5483f0b53c74036610b644bc87ITVhZTA4ZjIzMjRkNjU=

QDVhZTA4ZjIzMjRmMDI=

应神天皇十五年(公元285年)83712f8a6af8af7d39818a73c55d117cd4354819,百济国王派阿直歧和王仁带着中国书籍东渡日本ff653249c29d2a760b1afefd6501c79c,这可能是日本人第一次大量接触汉语MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GgiZywk7WiNWFlMDhmMjMyNTA4Ng==

JDVhZTA4ZjIzMjUyMGQ=

五世纪起2ba5273b538dfde62a59b8b4e3477ffd,日本和中国南朝有了使节往来8aa96b87ea07452c741d8f7e588298beIzVhZTA4ZjIzMjUzODY=

5f056f279b2bec5d52b1ab57075fb607dc02bafa

到了六世纪NWFlMDhmMjMyYWJiOQ==,南朝不少僧侣工匠东渡日本IzVhZTA4ZjIzMmFkMzg=,这些中国人不光带去了汉字书籍89d39cb5eae6d7a2e27d7489aa9d8e7038d0d18c,他们的方言口音也影响了日本人19cb0379172c081e87db0e9e3c1852ccaadf5211XjVhZTA4ZjIzMjU2OWU=

c0cfd8e792b2a511b455971314c87a3f41e4876e

隋唐时期KjVhZTA4ZjIzMmIwMDk=,中国的政治文化中心迁回长安洛阳ec2da07f3de355b3c4e3077b52c1e8f895f2bcbfbf32a8a8cb3d0c2cacaf0bbbef0ef0a6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDpsvRgaB_qrKHo5y9sqGi

日本留学生接触到的aa2595956c45122bc683f74f230ef9e9d17f60da,主要也是长安洛阳音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GgjKuwtamiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GdjZywy6Wi

IzVhZTA4ZjIzMjVkODc=

这种发音传到日本以后JjVhZTA4ZjIzMmIyZDg=7fe85bd55d62f5497f80193a893313505ddcf7dc

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqSYjqB7q7GdjaCw27Gi

被叫做“汉音”ITVhZTA4ZjIzMmUzOWE=486fb216734000403e5cfaabcb920032e39f24f8

180112bd05eb087a904d106231043640

在醉心大唐文化的日本贵族和儒教弟子之间MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GggK2wy8-i,当时汉音比吴音更流行96fcf5bc3dd74b45557daae031add3b6MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QtqSYjqB7q7GdkK2xtbGi

IzVhZTA4ZjIzMjY1YzI=

JjVhZTA4ZjIzMjY3MWQ=

9a4b8bb49a46897539d1f6820964e45e

5282b6082dbbe969061031c78e0ac149919c53a2

 JjVhZTA4ZjIzMjZiMmM=

不过MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GggGOyuK2i,一千多年前的汉语语音和现在不大一样e5c2dd64042f92102805c384aea5f574c93514bd09a67f7b4644b45ff8bfa12df04a7b96

252b34b6817198b797dec272c08bc359

唐代的长安洛阳人说话MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDpsvRgaB_qr2dkKy82KGi,比起今天的陕西河南方言MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GggGayuLmi,还是更像江浙话0431cb8dd817ebdc2da8c7fd0c7e3c816c5b3e5bIzVhZTA4ZjIzMjZmNDY=

JTVhZTA4ZjIzMjcwYTQ=

“唐音”又叫“宋音”或者“唐宋音”ITVhZTA4ZjIzMmJhMjk=,指的是宋元明期间MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GggZuxk6mi,传入日本的汉语发音MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GgjGextamiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqSYjqB7q7Gdmqq9y6mi

d495e97709d4e3d786e910b92e22eb3e8738c8de

“唐”字的意思也不是唐代XjVhZTA4ZjIzMmJjZjc=NWFlMDhmMjMyNzRkZQ==

JjVhZTA4ZjIzMjc2M2I=

而是泛指中国b0a1409c9b9c87544c7237d3b240cee51898c9ce7e92359a9a1f96c386c14d79f1228a2f86f3ad9d

f27980038e7103d7cf151133e1b80b2d58472572

唐音主要靠来往于江浙和日本之间的商人、和尚传播47eeaabbd31bb11b33c7164c84fd0744ITVhZTA4ZjIzMjdhNmI=

ITVhZTA4ZjIzMjdiZDQ=

唐音的原型XjVhZTA4ZjIzMmJlNjE=9aa231edc4274e4e6f1d5eabe6418b2b

a18415cd3733de3f4c20c3f73adc3d4631daf383

是浙江土话和南京官话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GgjZ28tc-iMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDpsvRgaB_qrJljaCxsqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqSYjqB7q7GdnqqxqLWi

XjVhZTA4ZjIzMjgyZmY=

3c6acbecd93a31812220fe961f78f02a00dea65f

ab41d4197290a85952f1292e81451dc6

 IzVhZTA4ZjIzMjg2ZjY=

现代日语里b08f5065a95d2bfc01bf6ef03f20050123580c71,三种音读出现频率最高的是汉音8a856a244ea25739977d8936db6ce2db66817dda,其次是吴音802b4c8fa66cd8db68c194d12b1fdafca3468700,最后是唐音MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDpsvRgaB_qr6KjKywsqGif06e4558623a2ffb830cf6377c69b6be

IzVhZTA4ZjIzMjg5Y2I=

因为历代政府的偏爱MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqSYjqB7q7GghK2wqK2i,汉音的势力越来越大79ddefb6030b9b0077d277d17b4e6619,直到在东京话的基础上61565f1bbce6b60e5b5844fd6ba94cf7,形成了现代标准日语MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GghGaxqK2iITVhZTA4ZjIzMjhiMjA=

7a3b0c5b9a00ecaffef5d11d9dbeeb7f

汉音占了音读的半壁江山MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GgjaCyqKmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDpsvRgaB_qrN6iKqyoqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqSYjqB7q7Gdn5-xy6Wi

6b861b58699bd53820a2133946559885

a6659d36179f226db7e877002370e916

a1d288ec2c40bb0c53ebb0d123ef067c61fbe82b

 JjVhZTA4ZjIzMjk1MDA=

至于唐音JDVhZTA4ZjIzMmM5YmE=,今天基本上只在禅宗、武士道、茶道这些领域里才能见到了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqSYjqB7q7GgkKq9y8ei71e89c2720450528ffacece4b0f5d26f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDpsvRgaB_qrOHkZ29sqGi

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