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日语听着像江浙话,你的直觉没出错

日语里一多半的发音确实和汉语JDVhZTBmODA3MTFmOTg=,尤其是江浙话有点像35ec3ed4de9c358d036d04d736f8805aMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF3n6C8zrmi

2b46545ddab03a1358a9c834703f59719e4de91e

从两晋南北朝到明代8141b2f30e4873b4876729d5c34af4d7,江浙话锲而不舍地影响着日语发音5d4c05d28a2d533d4905752643c137c2MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF3oqyx26mi

de50724dde221e8820fbeee9214eac73

日本人的吴音、汉音和唐音f8c92a049bd5850af29b123914be7d95,都是江浙话的远房亲戚JTVhZTBmODA3MTU2MGM=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QtqXRg3pzZLF3omSxuKmi

9bdcaa4efa1633a6854bc401dbfe19ad50f51088

那么这种语言改造是怎么完成的呢?视知TV用两分钟告诉你~d92f1928058767ed4681e9095898cade84e33b6f

2d3c4c4eb21575fd883e751fb3f78a7a

· 温馨提示 ·f5d38d9b4178e04872652dbff99f0faf6490d04c

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHjGWxy72i2b4a7f3ff84a749f60e1a13f844760956d6a1731

JDVhZTBmODA3MDllYzU=

3adf266187613838054f81576968e6c7

3c2c398d84917b43695a214dcc8091032772af22

视频链接c0503a10f74142ba13df851cfa5bc3014431b310

这里是文字版173d48ec6230b8ff10d72c900b504020

JjVhZTBmODA3MGE1Nzk=

d8403bf45ffb6ea7344cc7f8f4a4a4aec6143b03

日语听着像江浙话babb9734bb572c55b8f935dbe2b922dfMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyYgXqVqL2Hmq2yoqGi

2a93b6c99350db2df49514502a33ac37

你的直觉没出错4bd261aba20f9eaa758ebcfd3602828eMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6fGi9y7Gi

35f62c98d3cac119f7cc5844a6d4f4b4

日语里的汉字发音f6ab80bdbb9fb58fdc828a20b3dfdd0832715af0,有音读、训读两种MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHjGixqL2i778bc6835a544bf4369b3e17148fb6b85ce63e7a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqXRg3pzZLF6fZ69y7Gi

其中9cdf5798b2469d0ba58377f06ead24e846194bcd,模仿汉语发音的是音读8449b446638496740f3100204a5d6c8cJTVhZTBmODA3MGIwNTE=

XjVhZTBmODA3MGIxYTM=

常见的音读又分三类:“吴音”、“汉音”、“唐音”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QtqXRg3pzZLGHjZ2wy7miMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6gKu9y6Wi

IzVhZTBmODA3MGI0NjM=

它们虽然发音不太一样fd007adc4e8003f8dd2d11fe9108da9b17535fbf4b172f72c373f51ac2f6bb02bd3c7eb1

bfa82e00e782f2f2cfbb7fab581d40a93cb0686b

但是都和江浙话比较像KjVhZTBmODA3MTVlYjc=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6gGaxk7mi

95714c1d53bd368790e424860f883a30

比如“京城”的“京”0164ae81d801f908592e96f3cbb5d131ed3bee74,吴音是“kyoto”、汉音是“kei”、唐音是“kin”;MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyYgXqVqL2gfGOxoqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6gZyyuLmi

“光明”的“明”42383f3eb9441601d4dda289a54b9553,吴音是“myo”、汉音是“mei”、唐音是“min”06810a60745f5b8dadd5834c636cbab3d8c0ecfd736d62d20313dc57d7b06e7b406afd54cab0c53d

JTVhZTBmODA3MGJmNmY=

ce0ed37445937a033d02f4d358fe980c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqXRg3pzZLF6hKuwpbWi

1210847383911e2c530360a287fd32ec8bf5a924

 ad7d08eb288244830311b1d5304d5fca

吴音的原型是MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyYgXqVqL2tjK29yKGi

208bdf18cf06fca9be2e4bf9208448510bf1bab6

两晋南北朝的吴方言1685d19692d0f103266c30fec85b31c6d6472fe3MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6hGa9zq2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6hGixuL2i

0646254bf39f7a734497aeb634d61cc0

0cfef1d4d1b046a46cbfab91f91b670e905d1593

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6hZ68y7Gi

ITVhZTBmODA3MGQwMzg=

中国文化传到日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHgZy9tc-i,刚开始要靠朝鲜半岛做跳板5b076e483153742c03d8cfb6887f231e96e5e36cMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyYgXqVqL53eZu9sqGi

JjVhZTBmODA3MGQzNjM=

应神天皇十五年(公元285年)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHgZ6xy6mi,百济国王派阿直歧和王仁带着中国书籍东渡日本a5c31e0f98be22927db3f9f6047754ca,这可能是日本人第一次大量接触汉语KjVhZTBmODA3MTY0OTQ=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6iK28y72i

JTVhZTBmODA3MGQ2Mzk=

五世纪起NWFlMGY4MDcxMzE5NA==,日本和中国南朝有了使节往来cb08c5f908f7cdaea76b79638b0413ce5cb7350341e89b77075725606d1bf911ada322b4

e06482959d55447464454db0edd12ab3

到了六世纪2e37c5993e50803535116dc71e65860b9d25e1b5,南朝不少僧侣工匠东渡日本206b9de2a459fa6ccc16e18d5daa5260,这些中国人不光带去了汉字书籍MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QtqXRg3pzZLGHhGO9y7mi,他们的方言口音也影响了日本人MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDqbyYgXqVqbKdkGW8yKGi72708d72c689911975d1373670a053cb52b06879

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6iZu9qL2i

隋唐时期18ee5c03bc0a1a54dcedba6a67532b0c6db6907b,中国的政治文化中心迁回长安洛阳8f7cf5cb141122ffb9c1a3819646d41aMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6iZ2xpcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6iZ68zrmi

日本留学生接触到的5905a79616fe11edf6c183bedabf8a83e7cd0716,主要也是长安洛阳音IzVhZTBmODA3MTZhNjE=0d000663b10a8444908350cc0b144b04

e5f9f95238c25c226a56d20d765a780076536161

这种发音传到日本以后fad9bde06df7cdb854e2b073a920b26e48bb8f51883cc9d1112e1157e96fcf21

a02734d52dc254d98f92d4682281aedd

被叫做“汉音”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHkZu8y7Gi2c6e9ed0e76ad493001b0573a148795f1cd776ef

IzVhZTBmODA3MGU3N2M=

在醉心大唐文化的日本贵族和儒教弟子之间MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHhZu9uLWi,当时汉音比吴音更流行NWFlMGY4MDcxNmQ2Ng==NWFlMGY4MDcwZThmMA==

4f2838bc8a731989ecbbff3c16457f36aef7e9ce

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QtqXRg3pzZLF6jZu8y7Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QtqXRg3pzZLF6jZ2wuLGi

JDVhZTBmODA3MGVlYTQ=

 107fac487252e19854c3e14d6f4ba619f5cc67fd

不过64115f735f316644566eaa99a1548ee6,一千多年前的汉语语音和现在不大一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHkZ68y8uiacb0dc0d5cc306fc52514e5bd34b920e

4c4086abf70f226ead9f5fba69f6f5c88b54c305

唐代的长安洛阳人说话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHhZ69qK2i,比起今天的陕西河南方言MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHhaCxpbWi,还是更像江浙话7cabe1de8a7679c63d5f3825093a47ef3bce846dd149a7acac6a4f64813d3e62057a4a36

2f06e7853167ad05f97191e1cd3ef5bc9be5a157

“唐音”又叫“宋音”或者“唐宋音”QDVhZTBmODA3MTQxYjU=,指的是宋元明期间IzVhZTBmODA3MTQzMTk=,传入日本的汉语发音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHmqqytamiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqXRg3pzZLF6kGWwqK2i

65b88e77516f3ebc1f896abe0a839719788f8e46

“唐”字的意思也不是唐代1dbfb0e421fa2fe7c2167abfe49ea325cfc2dbf072e220e6236b433a830614229b411e8d67960129

f06f18ffd4d0bba350295ed7724bf67cf2fd2107

而是泛指中国XjVhZTBmODA3MTczMjE=XjVhZTBmODA3MGZjZGQ=

551c9453c5fde3336bc234f4d3b55db61598ac89

唐音主要靠来往于江浙和日本之间的商人、和尚传播2723e2e68817ec7088c3400c81b66682JjVhZTBmODA3MGZmYjU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHeKqwtaWi

唐音的原型QDVhZTBmODA3MTQ1ZDM=b189a497969312171a34b76a055f0863

JTVhZTBmODA3MTA0MDM=

是浙江土话和南京官话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHmmO9qLGi859edf99d324a8bdd95b157ecd5acd45800ac75a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHeGS9qLWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QtqXRg3pzZLGHeGaxtami

cd0b1aa515eb48c3227decaeb08cfc21

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHeZuwy7Gi

 237c07a132730db3ec013b96ef74567ac9417cd9

现代日语里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHiGWwy62i,三种音读出现频率最高的是汉音198b5dd113fe739433e1ac322625769a0de67017,其次是吴音a40469441030f7b17ba7b91e4e68b543,最后是唐音af4ac56bf0944d69c994b43acca2bc0f9f0543812a4a13b4c2d27ec5f261d7b786ea6a03

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHeZ-xuL2i

因为历代政府的偏爱4d6e69c6c14de74efee0d9746be58c5e,汉音的势力越来越大KjVhZTBmODA3MTRkM2E=,直到在东京话的基础上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHiZ68taWi,形成了现代标准日语MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHiaCwtcui81e9505281a2272dcc4b2e5042be8d3a

NWFlMGY4MDcxMTIzMg==

汉音占了音读的半壁江山JTVhZTBmODA3MTc4ZDQ=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QtqXRg3pzZLGHfKyypaWi

XjVhZTBmODA3MTE1MTg=

929283ea5d13316829d0f8d0accd7146

6635f2ea461ad5af5f92409a251bfa6646741407

97b7e6e62465c31d1127ee7168608380

 7124045ba0abf562eaa30dc6334652a2

至于唐音d67857c16f4572d6a2213bf9e4a1087f,今天基本上只在禅宗、武士道、茶道这些领域里才能见到了fcd398fe07efead3945b8eca396f3dea3bf5b8cbMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QtqXRg3pzZLGHfZyxuLmi

2e8329e0be753123902d801ad76a03d2

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