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人人都知道吸烟有害健康,为啥还会有人卖烟?

河北张家口有钻石、官厅、大境门3a0dd9fae345b361df7528cccb1d402c6ed013c0,河南郑州有彩蝶、春雷、芒果ed6c97a752552ab9737630cb4b06f2d9,甘肃兰州有刘三姐和海洋KjViMDE2NjE4ZDAwNmI=,陕西西安有好猫和猴王JTViMDE2NjE4ZDAxZWQ=,吉林延吉有蝙蝠fef6dff68e114c5075a6f21a60cf0e8d,安徽芜湖有都宝——在中国走南闯北KjViMDE2NjE4ZDA0ZTM=,几乎能给地域烟写一部纪传体通史XjViMDE2NjE4ZGJlOWM=0df8ced337242a2e8f0ef2e0099d108e8678df7b

15134e8aa5114445599f5f73f03e2738

● 郑州卷烟厂 彩蝶MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2ggaC9y62i

为什么中国的卷烟品牌这么多JTViMDE2NjE4ZDA2NjU=,大部分只有本地人见过?为什么不少牌子越来越难买MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53eGW8y8-i,几乎成了中老年烟民口中的江湖传说?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2ghKuxqKmi

78c235439c58ab20b6d92b843f5cc768d47cf457

接下来你将看到:JDViMDE2NjE4YmM1MDQ=

JTViMDE2NjE4YmM2NzU=

   ● 从民国开始6f7ea9b7cfe919828fa084bde3f55df5,烟草就是税收的重要来源6cec439c5316ea19a1d57a0c7a8b14fa7c327b93

   ● 每个城市都有自己的专属香烟MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2ghGewuLmi

   ● 为什么很多本地烟又都不见了?fbde0d4eb432a7d4944449a45badf674

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2ghZu8k62i

幻想双冰占领便利店的值班编辑/马马马IzViMDE2NjE4YmNkNDM=

KjViMDE2NjE4YmNlOWI=

JTViMDE2NjE4YmNmZmM=

84162633b12450b256fffa3914675f8c

从民国开始5d2f60ca176726ec0236d419f225a5331f45429b,烟草就是税收的重要来源adfc61c95586a405d1e263b5174de1a7

-+-QDViMDE2NjE4YmQ0MjQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2giGOx26mi

中国怎么有这么多地域烟?5e51b849d856147fed71db6c9c7704f1d0120646

ITViMDE2NjE4YmQ4M2M=

首先是因为中国烟民多bd3a261a1783de8bd61832988a705502,烟草上税高NWIwMTY2MThkYzAzMA==。而关于抽烟和烟草税的一切MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb53eZ28zrmie4f58eb7e07e734b96c2d61f95d4e105ec56a3fa

民国才是奠基时代ccf4457eddb3969269ea8401b5b4fdf118307dadMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2giGi9uLGi

bcb8ef952e59e8112f26ba9b8b21f0fcd8e9b456

我国地大物博0acee45bfed07212d61a20ef88f81cd00b87fdab,吸烟史也是源远流长JDViMDE2NjE4ZGMzMzA=4a4a8a2d6e77e3346cde85ed743296f1b9eafa0c

KjViMDE2NjE4YmRmMDg=

自从欧洲人把烟草从南美洲带进中国3af02f4b2328bbbfaca8c7e4ed9d7d23048f4485,从北京到云南、从江浙到陕北QDViMDE2NjE4ZDEyMTA=,无论士农工商男女老少MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53fKyxuLWi,大家对这种成瘾小叶子爆发了不可抑制的激情MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56hK2ypbGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2giaCxtbmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2gjKq8y72i

传统医学家们甚至给“外来户”烟草附会上了排瘴气湿毒的药用价值ITViMDE2NjE4ZGM2MzA=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2gjKywuLGi

QDViMDE2NjE4YmU0ODc=

bbc500a1ae3bd2f13fd69c75fe9ed0d7

5de85d03d23e117e213d562b01ba3a93

民国烟画MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2gjGaypaWi

0187ecc2b6a2761185291ffe7b45ec97

在人们对吸烟致癌一无所知的民国时期5287c4f7bd9ee158768b3439b7e55855,我国烟草消费量简直大得惊人:cc73aa997317c5ba2b4a160bd0d62809

5bd48324504eaa3843efc31830b8904a

每年自产烟约一千万担MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb53fGSwta2i,纸烟成品约计三十万担KjViMDE2NjE4ZDE3ODQ=,全年消费约一千零九十万担NWIwMTY2MThkMThmOA==,按当时4.5亿人口来计算6c3c41068efc5ddc624d81cc8998f777fc1d55bc,人均每年消费烟叶约二斤半ITViMDE2NjE4ZGM3YTE=NWIwMTY2MThiZWUxNg==

b999837bd9e683e45817c84c6817f228

换算成百支卷烟92克的国家标准MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53fZu8y8-i,这个消费量相当于每人每年抽67.9包烟54b95572a9c0431318fe8273ab7db590,比2017年的全国人均60.7包更烟鬼KjViMDE2NjE4ZGM5MWU=c23b3d8cd246466faa386eb466a9e9e928266290

KjViMDE2NjE4YmYyNGU=

到了1936 年JTViMDE2NjE4ZDFlYTY=,中国烟草产量高居世界第三MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb53fZ-9zrWi,仅次于美国和印度NWIwMTY2MThkMjE2ZQ==26aefed1dfeb2730b2ab4675aa1da645

c8a10ba8a94e59d59d6483b12126ce2ca105e6ec

占当时世界总产量50亿磅的10%JjViMDE2NjE4ZGNhOGY=ae79787b698880c722f497e0062ff97564d0a4fa

17fdc5cb0af4942abbaef78dbf62b3af7cb85756

1936到1946年bd3153eaf7b40024022fd50687e0722005d75bca,中国深陷战乱泥潭中IzViMDE2NjE4ZDI0Mzk=,烟草业却“一派欣欣向荣”ad31ee20375616f401459f913d9c6ccc,1946年全国烟草总产量1300万市担df1ac1b888d3873d4d11e407fb9f67fe18d9d859,是1936年的2.4倍MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb56hZu9tcuiJDViMDE2NjE4YmY5OTE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2gkGi9tcei

体量巨大的烟草消费市场给政府带来了丰厚的税收MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb56hZ2xy6mi67bb9be4be4d3db94659462a6129f861dad300b7

134456e2e1475d379d77215b9fba6e3e

所以无论是北洋政府还是国民党政府f1e6e6a585340b7f02cc1b55cf3c6111,为了增加财政收入ITViMDE2NjE4ZDI5Zjk=,都成立过烟草专卖局61348001d7c88916bb85281b4aa81052,对烟草商品实行JDViMDE2NjE4YmZmOTc=

IzViMDE2NjE4YzAxMTE=

政府垄断75bc3048384da41a81ba8c96508da5038bcf1309592b3fbf951c084978ef366cf47335c5

5d1979d45b50572b5247064ba88e5a743ba4c68a

国民党政府执政期间颁布的《烟草公卖暂行条例》dad5820dd832b5fb949149faa7b4bc7a,不光是我国首部专业的烟草专卖法规f886d7dce25e2f5297e796dc7aec3eff81d2d801,它“政府定价、内部监管、持证经营”这一基本原则MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53gZ-yuLWia9e442f3b2a846aa27b6bea2f922e42b4475b8a3

XjViMDE2NjE4YzA3MTM=

延续到2017年也依然适用MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56haCxqLGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb2teGaxy8ui

661d07b7ca76d7aa17603a061af98d8f

90afdda702832523ed04b56c5b42cc517c6ad5bd

e60d39748cca171ce927d0795dc85de0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb2teZ6xy7Wi

1929年 烟草贩卖执照MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryWgYqam7F6jaC9sqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tfKqx28ei

民国时期MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53hKqwtcui,中国的烟草税虽然受制于不平等条约和战争134c55aa16eec765116746a1c40acbb61368a322,难免收得青黄不接1ddeb72ddf2e34c0c9f55b4e7cd66a62,但依然在政府收入中占据很大的比重7c79a1399a21f25b921e3d1c88afa01d203bd8c7ad3c1dac5ab33f587df60f9176a30568c2ce46db

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tfK2x28-i

自1942年实行专卖制度后XjViMDE2NjE4ZDM1OTg=,当年中央就征得烟税近1亿元29c7e09aee69916e8b1777e890330fb409f12185,第二年达到10亿元JDViMDE2NjE4ZDM4ODE=,第三年更是有19亿元之多MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryWgYqanL53gK2w2KGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryWgYqam7GHjKywoqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tfGW8tbGi

不单民国是这样4c1211b6fe3ebf0f710e204b7897b28d,现在我国财政收入也很f9a8173392724ae641a3e071d0894e7be1946542

b0efdc0775cf6dec40103c4246439f16f228b98e

依赖烟草业ac9a827d7e4f13e2b0b4cb69d527eadaMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryWgYqam7GKgK2xsqGi

218d1748180ed5f73602ca2a4498338e

目前中国有3亿多烟民JDViMDE2NjE4ZDNiNmI=,年卷烟消费量17000多亿支MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53hZy8zrmi,卷烟消费需求占国内生产总值的2.8%左右5c89c3a02dda755bd9909c78b53efe2f67ecdbb2JjViMDE2NjE4YzFmNTQ=

dc43ee2490a8d3d9bb7a7d65d01e0288

2010年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53hZ6w28ei,中国烟草业年净利1177 亿5505ef94c081097230e6931a36eca8fb,平均每天赚3.2亿KjViMDE2NjE4ZDQxNDE=,利润和中石油差不多QDViMDE2NjE4ZGQ3YjY=。烟草带来的税收也是高得反常识IzViMDE2NjE4ZDQyYTk=,它几乎占到了JjViMDE2NjE4YzIyNWE=

XjViMDE2NjE4YzIzZTM=

国家总税收的10%MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb56iGewpcuif0b56418c25e119abf549bb76918697894f2b481

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tgGS8y7Gi

37bc54e492c5efdd42e53ce0f08d973d1b5a7a49

ea0af9e61bf6d9ee4f7652538721bd717b34ec43

eb69e47271b5cbada1a41082d843fb35f558584b

● 2006-2015国内卷烟产量MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tgZy8y7Gi

JjViMDE2NjE4YzJlNTU=

现在我们已经知道了烟草税是块大肥肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53iKy9zq2i,可它是如何导致地域烟泛滥的呢?32f60fb178e09fc2bd039107205d383b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2thKqwy7Gi

这涉及到一个至关重要的问题——我国的烟草税收XjViMDE2NjE4ZDQ1Nzk=,到底是怎么分配的?NWIwMTY2MThjMzJlNw==

9837c654c48fdfa385e035082e951e5144e990ea

3d1a3bc73f778620aee5d4f9fc04daafccca4064

f466adb621d8782fa3b62e6fc5e4cf325d8ea71c

每个城市都有自己的专属香烟43eba7382a647efb9a927540e6c14ba5bf4f8d97

-+-MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2thGiwk7Wi

84860bbc8cfa4646b44c0024c0f0d1d3

1982年04be20d2f68a9b82b55b74cfec8148a037496213,中国烟草总公司正式成立ITViMDE2NjE4ZGRhODQ=6ec0c0a1a8c89d9ff10a1a310fe0789c

QDViMDE2NjE4YzNmMTE=

这位“总公司”和电力石油那些普通央企不一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb53iGawk7Wi,不归国资委管理23d34348934f7a2d0364dede106c01b525dc283b,甚至是中国所有垄断机构里60c61002945ba9ff45c27bc08e7cf53a,唯一既公开商业经营2f57584d8207d02e729bed92568d772f,又公开行政执法的机构d3f497f20c4945ec97367972541cbe92XjViMDE2NjE4YzQwOGQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tiKq9tbmi

从烟叶收购、卷烟生产到销售定价8648df3ea1460d8e5864a96b7cf17497,都由中国烟草总公司管控QDViMDE2NjE4ZGRkNDQ=000c75d60c25a0b56dd34f1763562de55da1456f

ITViMDE2NjE4YzQ0ZWQ=

1991年34488682cfab94c63861f21279fdb0b0,《中国人民共和国烟草专卖法》颁布XjViMDE2NjE4ZDUxMTk=,更是从立法层面f46c95eea8b2232aaa4020c6d7854f5665efbc3fNWIwMTY2MThjNDY1OQ==

ea316b0542629ac86250aeaafdfe633f

确定了烟草业的国家垄断地位JDViMDE2NjE4ZGRlYjI=970ad5c21c6c3a06166ab1600f939291d71a5ef0

e9eb19cb766292c4d59e76105dc306f89800158e

9f2acd54d03df7b02ed449c6ffabe572014402b8

174c16681431165925219e9d4bacadaa

18a3a31fcf62c83b0ee244b657d332efbd98f2bf

● 中国烟草总公司JjViMDE2NjE4YzRmZjk=

c519bcf06f177402742f5687de80c3f2

卷烟的税收构成相当复杂49b293013274a01e4c1dfe36994741a5,包含了烟叶税、企业所得税、消费税、城建税、增值税等等QDViMDE2NjE4ZGUwMTg=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tjKu8y6mi

796b8d54ee6f3acd5cc66d6559be0a937c420dca

依照我国现有税制来算3080820609a9b486b4f87d92f9bd9452,你在街上买一包烟JjViMDE2NjE4ZDU2ZDg=,有55%的钱都交了税e1461c1accb5f3d56091f0b634874593a3dec047MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tjGO8tbGi

NWIwMTY2MThjNTc0OA==

其中25%的增值税、烟叶税和全部的城建税、地方企业所得税归属于地方税收a5391d9b8052675ddfe4482e7ac9515f,75%的增值税、消费税和中央企业所得税都归于中央税收MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56jKu9uLmiJTViMDE2NjE4YzU4YmI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryWgYqam7KHoquyoqGi

长期以来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53jGe8y6Wi,烟草税的甜头主要是中央来尝NWIwMTY2MThkNWIzZg==,1994年税制改革以后d5300ba5cebaa0327242cfe856d73187,只要是生产卷烟的地方23663fb1c9cd5816d1833006f53e58a142203b7c,就会有一笔颇丰的烟草税收31a4a9fb06c3616ba22a2d902faafc87a1b0a1d093bf17873289d67a6279edc8

9ac67a90341b05fbee238b43d0d9e9c8

这就导致了无论本地市场有多小7a901403d9dca63475dea43a60fe60d1d428e52a,烟厂的生产技术有多糟糕ITViMDE2NjE4ZDYwZmQ=,政府都会拼命保护地域烟草品牌MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53kKuxqLmi,并且用种种办法阻挠大型烟草企业和外地商品进入本地市场JTViMDE2NjE4ZGU2MTU=93a27f9745fe932e7bea797dd9f0f71834de56f2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tjZ-9tcui

于是国家烟草专卖制度在操作层面上ab8b642a36fd47cb33803cd72fe6e340,越来越像7193edf01ce89a62b04490f2a1af6d69f1615a8d

274fb2b855ff03a12e4dee919f16445e52b89ec1

地方烟草保护制度MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56jGWxy72iJTViMDE2NjE4YzY0NDY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tkGOytcei

88f04b8987a8342f3a456cc9f4a9f506

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tkGax28-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tkGe9ta2i

● 看起来相当原始的小型烟厂4faf45ce842ca87f7a4536b181cbba10aac9a490

XjViMDE2NjE4YzZjZWQ=

八九十年代3a36615ec1b95617623e2b427798cc997424b129,在大部分地级市3806f49d487abc47951bbfc64370031a316ebc69,本省甚至本市烟的市场份额都超过了七成MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53kGawtbWi,一些稀奇古怪的烟草品牌JDViMDE2NjE4ZDY5YTM=,揣在家里长辈的裤袋里a825c96d4c36bfee836a89e61fc923dc,成为许多80、90后童年回忆里不可分割的一部分KjViMDE2NjE4ZGU5MDU=ebe7c89ea1cfe6c007e12924a8c3c102c387aef3

2cfcf5723fb54f0099af1c6e63c64a18a48d5a80

九十年代中期MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb53kZyxy8-i,中国烟厂多达185家MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53kZ29pcui,其中有95家的年产量低于10万箱0f3749af81bec04fdc580fd24acf3b5c53f630ddce314167eda3f1d5db494067a2bbc92b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tmquyqLWi

90年代末MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53kZ-w26mi,我国已经有了超过2000种卷烟品牌MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53kaCypc-i,平均每个品牌的单规格产量低于2万箱eba49300c6b189bc97fa6c8d1c666dcb,相当一部分品牌的辐射范围7e7d23a48c87f95ee37c53a8d38d7e6e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tmmOx27mi

基本从未离开过本市7faf1ac9e99d6258f5766d24b8ff44dc08398ac22eb4bd2b1fa54139496878d9eea00c2d

JDViMDE2NjE4Yzc4Njg=

290be52f04c401d13898bae93e531c69

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tm5uwy7Wi

JDViMDE2NjE4YzdjYjk=

● 大境门卷烟MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tm56wqKmi

17fd1b81c598d1a6b5978f5c463b0937

由于烟厂技术不过关NWIwMTY2MThkNzM2OA==,小品牌卷烟的焦油量都很高NWIwMTY2MThkNzRkMg==,过滤嘴也不大好用640312bfaf6e37330d903060cb1639d8cdade0ab,如果没有本地保护227c8c39dc5edf3379358b0276f5f3df,在大型烟厂的挤压下根本活不过三秒MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56jZ2wuLGibb973a86ad0011f36a8b3f1dc48262fb82ab2658

97a9846242e21b08e63ffefc6a34da6f

不过dbd6f112ebbacdbdbb1ede5f1d78267a,品牌又多又杂带来的最大问题MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53mmi8uL2i329db6808400f8bfca403f2be8615a5626818afa

XjViMDE2NjE4Yzg1NGI=

其实是健康KjViMDE2NjE4ZGVlOTI=ITViMDE2NjE4Yzg2YjU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tnmawpb2i

虽然抽烟本来就像英美烟草公司外壳上的警示语“smoking kills”所说的一样31e52ea8ba3f3bdf702ac4a3fdde1438,是种致死性爱好0ff3e960871af747edfb3a6c0b2ca9da7ecd3214,但是非要比较的话XjViMDE2NjE4ZDdmNzI=,低焦油、混合烟、大厂烟be4d664bfdd31c8ec63a9d60f0900f87,给人身体带来的危害还稍微小一些JTViMDE2NjE4ZGVmZWQ=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tnmexzrmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb2tnmi9tb2i

而地域小品牌就不一样0efcb502211215c5043d101d8ddd1cd846aaf69f0dc5492e718d6d918f18b31fd8f01c87

fc25465f045a0c3acafe917db2f97c5b

比如山东过去有种写作“将军”读作“taishan”的烤烟0080ab655166b7f3dfa9a6b4b3404ebc,口感刚劲有力MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb53nqy8k7Wi,除了冲肺醒脑JTViMDE2NjE4ZDg1NjY=,一无是处MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb56kKuyuLmi39fd1ccdf80e57923f831cca5fad5fcca11484c2

b58a9617fb152032375006e84401861cdcd58abb

导致山东老乡们一直觉得世界上的过滤嘴烟除了外形娘炮点之外37fbd44e52c192339fda4ebe46224f0b773b7465,都和旱烟没啥区别ba0f174dba3e557d8b98e94b2cd1bd734c5fd4ffITViMDE2NjE4YzkyMjY=

IzViMDE2NjE4YzkzOTI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb2toq29tbGi

eb836510a216e9f1d4fd5ff3c74486fe

JTViMDE2NjE4Yzk3ZGE=

为什么很多本地烟又都不见了?QDViMDE2NjE4Yzk5NTA=

-+-ITViMDE2NjE4YzlhYzM=

JDViMDE2NjE4YzljMzc=

2001年对于中国烟草业来说0523142a4a320adb897128ce3b17c373d4088c507d2acb2f46d76ff4175eeff7a75afbbf

XjViMDE2NjE4YzlmMTI=

是一个难以忘怀的年份ITViMDE2NjE4ZGY1NmI=136907d08bdc77a5f8085a5e5e78425eb0e36acc

8919a03691b3943971f784e58aed46b61e0e78fd

这一年ITViMDE2NjE4ZDg5ZDI=,中国加入WTOQDViMDE2NjE4ZGY2ZDk=。同样是这一年177ee7fdc740b4917e672a1efc548abc,世界三大烟草巨头菲利普·莫里斯公司、英美烟草公司和日本烟草公司的产量分别是1800万箱、1650万箱和900万箱f48230f4c2d0cb0ef589dc5963db7c41615bc1ab374c1a2301773069066304636b5de1fc

614a924583548d462df48e3934398f1874e6c36d

年产量不足十万箱的本地烟草公司对战跨国大魔头37ef1ebf0d25236ac499a15fe337b724c40f5460,市场占有率不足2%的红塔山对战在美国市场占有率超过35%的万宝路XjViMDE2NjE4ZDhlMjY=,这显然是要把烟草业拉进MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb1lfGSwk7Gi

IzViMDE2NjE4Y2E3YmI=

死亡竞技场KjViMDE2NjE4ZGY5ZDE=IzViMDE2NjE4Y2E5MjQ=

1b485ef3631581d28b11716d690f7622

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb1lfZu9qLWi

KjViMDE2NjE4Y2FkNmQ=

JDViMDE2NjE4Y2FlZTM=

● 菲利普·莫里斯公司正在考虑淘汰卷烟89f25a82a4053ff98691f4eae50968d8

 883ef2a2945e44dd88027ff9f2b98db85b7025f0

还好我们还有国家扶持ITViMDE2NjE4ZGZiM2I=。尽力拖慢万宝路们开辟中国市场速度的同时46607757958d797c9f84be65fa728cc6KjViMDE2NjE4Y2IzMDE=

JDViMDE2NjE4Y2I0NmE=

国家开始推动烟厂并购重组事业JjViMDE2NjE4ZGZjYTk=JDViMDE2NjE4Y2I1ZDI=

41db55e33945d616c184d906781db0795330cfa2

2001年JDViMDE2NjE4ZDkwZmY=,国家加大了对看起来比较有存活希望的“优势品牌”的扶持a1179120e6a059ff5d17ccdd92020b16,并公布了中华、玉溪、利群、云烟、芙蓉王等36个名优卷烟品牌;MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb1lgGaytbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb1lgGiwqLmi

2004 年初MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb53oqy8y8ui,中央开始催促非名优卷烟品牌退出市场;ff7ace24d6374467b44ee03896b4ea01192b9af4

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb1lgZy9uKmi

2004年8月IzViMDE2NjE4ZDk1M2E=,《卷烟产品百牌号目录》出台JTViMDE2NjE4ZDk2OWU=,收录了121个卷烟品牌bb3da0fdb4b5a7a70900fb482626b9066917dabe8ee854a8e3ba10fc69204f5f

KjViMDE2NjE4Y2JmZTg=

e888cae877651916f88d9f894523dc99

8b7fd7281515a9f28ae85bb6403338b1a4f45e13

ITViMDE2NjE4Y2M0MjU=

07636822f824049be3f363626e43e4e9353fde06

ITViMDE2NjE4Y2M3MTI=

一系列行政文件通过后JDViMDE2NjE4ZDk4MmQ=,我国卷烟品牌的数量逐年减少7e4763c7b6cd1db104a81c0800213296,2001年到2008年d346959dfc75af671ddfd1b86a412985,卷烟品牌从1049个减少到155个;JDViMDE2NjE4Y2M4OGE=

e84ee44c601300c3b94f732ddcad11280010daf4

品牌集中度略有上升NWIwMTY2MThkOWNkNg==,销售量最高的品牌集中度由 2.52%上升到 5.47%JDViMDE2NjE4ZDllNGQ=,排在前四名的品牌JTViMDE2NjE4ZDlmYzM=,集中度由7.89%上升到 19.31%d651f807c4f976abf68aca532a510a33ITViMDE2NjE4Y2NiNjU=

1ccacf598d6c793707644ca23f4001a0

与此同时a3be6758a4779f87f0114dee6c0fbb7e,烟厂数量也在减少KjViMDE2NjE4ZGEyYzI=,2003年全国有123家烟厂b64cf4016fab1ed8ad3a99f2bbdba5774cd76d1f。到2008年还活着的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56fK2wtbWi2ea802e66e6c5e9423d1e594b4f2e323af0be61e

JTViMDE2NjE4Y2NmYjI=

已经只剩31家816e6cb1f9bbfda550c43a2dfcc4cfad6cfa84654214a4380d6ccb9d9328de7a8b20d3b1

e5846db67c6831dc4d02985a6f787bc5

曾经能养活一大家子人的XX烟厂MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56fGOypb2i,纷纷或者倒闭MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb56fGS9y72i,或者被兼并49ca81a4e337ade66c9a249f47cc52a25f3c5a63,或者几家之间联合重组MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb6HeKy8y6Wi69be39f4d0c94502fe41c4e2ade04209

JTViMDE2NjE4Y2Q1NzM=

它们曾经的生产额度MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb56fGe9pcui,也都被更大的跨省烟厂拿去生产了自己的优势产品IzViMDE2NjE4ZTA1MzA=5651d09c132b30d4f33bc39a41aa09a1ab11c7f5

132c38c4bbe42f040e4272b20f2e667cbe9ff7a6

994e163adaa1896be6b1a05b8de4ff96

JjViMDE2NjE4Y2RiNGY=

ea684e7f98c5b5212501cfa14e8c21c26e2acf16

● 利群MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgqB3Zb1liZ6wtb2i

XjViMDE2NjE4Y2RmYTg=

利群就是通过这种方式做大的一个很典型的卷烟品牌b18ba63b1778f6d8738b77bab31780a5ae174c69,浙江中烟工业扩张越快MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56fZy828ei,市面上的利群就越多26d55e3170ecdf6cd7d464d45679f0a0bcf0e9ac,最终浙江中烟带着利群走出杭州MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56fZ-8y6mi,走出浙江MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56gKqw27Wi,走向了全中国0cc27358bf640141c45a340a537100c9MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb1liaC9y72i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb1ljKuxtb2i

而现在中国烟草业面临的几大基本矛盾8f439ccea10b14982a9996d38ec74062,是国烟品牌不够强和外烟走私屡禁不止的矛盾、烟草税收高和高度垄断不利于国烟做强的矛盾以及最根本的5e9c072caa7321d5615025fa53af8b9dd1208059,烟民加重医疗系统负担和催促全民戒烟难的矛盾MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb6HeGW9uLmiIzViMDE2NjE4Y2UzYzk=

IzViMDE2NjE4Y2U1OTY=

随着现代医学发展ITViMDE2NjE4ZGI1YTY=,“吸烟有害健康”的宣传早已深入人心9cca2c847f35a7495a6ec3527abcaa44MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb1ljGS9uLGi

2fff020cb251c410b31d20b5a0810fe3

然而MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56gGS9y8-i,2015年MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56gGaxk7Gi,中国戒烟联盟的统计数据显示MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56gGe9uLmiNWIwMTY2MThjZWEyZQ==

8374178e7cdc1f375492e29f7fb09a12

我国有46%的男医生正在吸烟MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb6HeGi9paWiJTViMDE2NjE4Y2VkMzc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb1ljZ6yqK2i

这个数据只比一般人群中的52.1%MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56gZux26Wi,略低一点点503d9145f8d52549f482faa79870ff279f0ed61c23b26fe4a31ad0f9b0d422ffc35065a821d32be9

3d05632c2406ee0f15810d4f3ef18b54780da31c

QDViMDE2NjE4Y2YzMzU=

fc0ec7e310d16017a83fff79dc86b2fd0c8da3cd

XjViMDE2NjE4Y2Y2MjA=

5762e3e21ced74edf2d5d2b142cd092175fda252

吸烟有害健康MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb56gZy9uKmi,戒烟可减少对健康的危害NWIwMTY2MThlMGRmMw==MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgqB3Zb1lkGa9uKmi

1a04925bd6b2829120a6e9a6e3cbc125838412fa

JTViMDE2NjE4Y2ZiZWE=

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