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看《妖猫传》前,你需要了解一下这些从日本来到唐朝的佛系青年

陈凯歌导演的《妖猫传》已经上映啦~257f53faaa51b78a4c822828c467cf20b164e8bb

bfdf00a87bbc8c8ce2024853bcd75ba4aefeca1e

脑洞电影院今天不和你们讨论杨贵妃是不是胡人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6hGe9tbmi,服装是唐风还是和风MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N6kaCxy6WiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3gGW8zr2i

KjVhNjcwZDBjODI5MTE=

我们来说一说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N3gGixuLmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KXPgX1_ZbGgfZyysqGi

遣唐使团里为什么有这么多和尚?9d9170e5f5ca9ce88ffaf65d67f7d1d871e7c93a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3gZ6xtbWi

· 温馨提示 ·MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3gZ-8tbWi

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版ITVhNjcwZDBjOTAxYTM=ITVhNjcwZDBjODMwZmU=

QDVhNjcwZDBjODMyNGU=

e3b0588c26f8e3f5ad8c7eb78d23e9d6

视频链接QDVhNjcwZDBjODM0ZTA=

这里是文字版QDVhNjcwZDBjODM2MzU=

bd6ae7a9bded15ee647c35c52825607cf076b903

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3hGa828ei

遣唐使的前身是遣隋使XjVhNjcwZDBjOGNiNWE=,最有名的遣隋使大家可能都知道他的名字——f63975df70e60b2bbe3b821c00a7d8187a6cae38

ff7a0b2360eb1bcfd31bdd332499d5b7d3c599ed

小野妹子08a46cefa8b3bcd735ff3ff9634988e7e8cfb5b4XjVhNjcwZDBjODNjYjE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KXPgX1_ZbFliKqx2KGi

这个可是正经的小野妹子!不是《日和》那个!f51278932bc5e37fe1302eee5fe4da564fc0a6e2

这个可是正经的小野妹子!不是《日和》那个!QDVhNjcwZDBjODQwYTM=

293251d7c53bf927a87d9d42ff90bfd477dba96e

JjVhNjcwZDBjODQzMzk=

1a6aab3390eb4da1f3fbb35195c69ef9

QDVhNjcwZDBjODQ1Y2U=

NWE2NzBkMGM4NDcyZA==

推古天皇十五年(607年)a3dc82f2a63133dc6c806940582127de6b9a9b6f,圣德太子正式任命小野妹子访隋MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6hZ6wzrmi,这时圣德太子正在c077bb78f2691ee9cd976d051201dfd5

5b4c8f63df66bbdf1c4c0db27d3864c2f3a4a574

兴隆佛法JTVhNjcwZDBjOGNmYjE=f6eb62536daf8770f991897e7193722f

QDVhNjcwZDBjODRjM2I=

在恢复中日邦交的同时还派遣了一些僧人来学习佛法0e1efe476d47aefe6c154ae04db39a363fbd2151JTVhNjcwZDBjODRkN2U=

9dc86d595498f21927aa1c834bd6c9c773ecec4b

但是这个友好关系还没有充分展开3d782b3e737f209c9771bb020603de7b,隋朝就灭亡了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbbjnp0m7OHeGOx28uiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3iaCwqKmi

7f72ae7dbc52d9ed91173f5393d3a994

58af5b771bf02b852f77651308aa4676903034b2

8bbee593e31629f80bc07ede4cb5d38f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N3jGOwtami

● 圣德太子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3jGSxy7mi

240d141725e1c14ee142057e9c4523bf

唐贞观四年(630年)NWE2NzBkMGM4ZDJlMA==,舒明天皇又派出了犬上御田锹为首的第一批遣唐使来到长安NWE2NzBkMGM4ZDQ1Mg==,在随后近300年间JDVhNjcwZDBjOGQ1YzE=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3jGa9y7Gi

NWE2NzBkMGM4NWE0OA==

共派出了十九次遣唐使团9b128f294c804abf07630d348e5d4211KjVhNjcwZDBjODViOGE=

ed303fd72620a7d3973c3db0173e7767

据《日中文化交流史》统计11cb729c145c4d5b116bd23ab7a6e4aeee00e319,遣唐使团中留下姓名的留学僧有100多人078d7b49badaed2c2f84444be9b5829e,而留学生只有不到30人aa978c3c23ba36cd341574d73ae16ded52c804775235b13eae4b360bded11f2e00c46def

1fc274418639d508ddad1d61f508f0db09255fe9

ITVhNjcwZDBjODYwYTQ=

4944e7ed8968676eaab14182771d6b237ac5f8a6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N3kKyw26mi

9224046650b6ff30594151cd1675cf12f590829a

派遣遣唐使这种事情放到现在来看d5c71fa739e0fd71c83cdceba9672313,那可就是公派出国学习22cd590b3fe2feb2807d5a212481249bMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N3kGO826mi

JTVhNjcwZDBjODY2Zjk=

一切开支都是要国家负担的fc22957190bc28e268030fe274d357c0MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KXPgX1_ZbKdmmO9sqGi

3952185befb720c848f51d053ab3c0ef

僧侣的开销自然比贵族子弟要少很多1aeeecbe99b846b6f2d6b6d926fe4ae1,实在没钱了嘛MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N6iZ6wuKmi,还能四处化缘来维持生活c4d404558df555812a83cc9baf70c49b701b30c5e31a164fddc586bb431934119f19f9caeeb737ea

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3kZywzqmi

b8218255df571e73674f796845d978a3

3d64ca5640308a9cad7dc5d59d511fa5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3kaCwpa2i

e26421260a08580c75efea132228eb44809de738

而且唐朝国子监名额限制很严的dd0510b807a2ab75dbb6369ca14ed563,不是你来了就能有学上6f74b3a6f9699b388ec354962e9907728633ad59e9cad334789d0bf727a75268

4d7fe98f81b5200219d656bdb37b071c

但是僧侣的限制就少了很多df075fd4b67491446a4570e169497c5bMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3mmOwzr2i

9336e34a42822700bef6d1f3d4ab0143577b3e72

不仅有名僧来传授佛法6019cff2e264489cfba45f266fab1e6f,还可以四处游历名山大寺MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6jKuxqK2i,在学习佛法的同时就能学习儒学及其他知识!196dab02f487619d47fd75c328166a91

QDVhNjcwZDBjODc5MGI=

简直就是花公家的钱旅游嘛!f057e4722463f1d8196b0745a1c5ab68

XjVhNjcwZDBjODdiODQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N3m5y8k72i

95cafb02e8a70205ea21246effe9eb3c

4a268f75bf3f44d745f36c0014dfcb2d

bbca4dca20ed2578e3e992743a1ce8ae

除了经济因素外67297605b687d74205f6ef978ccfba68,这么多留学僧来到唐朝学习MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N3nqq9qLmi

KjVhNjcwZDBjODgzMTk=

也是有政治原因的MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KXPgX1_ZrF6jGawoqGid2cce4403cab2d263651a9fc1aed45d8446b230e

b654711b5040ee6b18a58bb8fafb80a416939cbf

派遣遣唐使不仅仅是文化摄取的需要MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6jGOwzq2i,也是新任天皇宣示正统与权威的行为JTVhNjcwZDBjOGU2OWY=,更是中日友好的外交手段之一MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzMbbjnp0m7OHeaC9pbmiXjVhNjcwZDBjODg2ZDk=

KjVhNjcwZDBjODg4MjE=

aacb49fafb59561559f761994e6c2913f6056e4e

1bfe165643b91df536caf6c92279a5749baddc65

JTVhNjcwZDBjODhjNTM=

● 石原里美饰演的女天皇美美哒!JjVhNjcwZDBjODhkYjc=

ITVhNjcwZDBjODhmMjc=

日本天皇认为佛教是先进文化的载体c1a10564ffe11055c2cd4a8b8446c87e072f47f188c9b9cb10702c0c9be7cafd

0e7e3cb8703ef0ca4e8206af6627698210d410aa

是国家文明开化的标志5e5a86fb68b0073529a76690afca436560faf551df595c26641592a6d9ea3abce25ed845

f6c42fdc60cfb1b94565b4dddc5eb1ae

而唐朝对佛教的传播采取了宽容的政策IzVhNjcwZDBjOGU5NzM=,使得佛教在唐初就呈现出繁盛景象NWE2NzBkMGM5MTNiNQ==MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3omSwtc-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N3omWxk7Gi

如此发达的佛教文化5ac8b9c5a5ec93914ed8eb6c37b3b545,对于日本政府来说有着巨大的吸引力36b9fc1e27d67a684baf4d0af4f38d95fb209ae8049f86a8271b7c0b8901856b0d42d3820bd43ffc

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N3omixtami

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N3o5u8zrGi

NWE2NzBkMGM4OWQ0Ng==

QDVhNjcwZDBjODllYWE=

●《武媚娘传奇》里的遣唐使NWE2NzBkMGM4YTAxNQ==

6f238b80249ef2fad5b42ddc7fe82332

日本通过输入佛法可以引进唐朝的先进文化8a3638691b3f3c515c1c8f5aeb875836,不仅可以摆脱旧的政治体制e735121f0fa2d3c2dd341bdc8badd763,跻身先进国家行列MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6jZ-wpa2i,还能作为精神武器控制国内臣民MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KXPgX1_Zb6KkGW9yKGi,有助于维护统治9b289438f62c3a84ff746f8cc89e6f6ed5f95542dbc3035e2c53115e9d762fd38b4a3037

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N6fK2wzrmi

可以说佛教集政治、外交和文化等多重作用于一身!80741682e5ab86191af95f5e659ea636

4b1f8679f4ae0dfce4e2534a70b56e874bb884ab

978fa9e8e16824901f9fa6261a1a8a5521ad4aa2

9649b724f9d97332e42bd3e1af191f5b

61e4c3cdcb97cd890e618e3f1a640206

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6fZyxta2i

遣唐使将唐朝的中央集权等政治制度引入日本c94e6f3c378a7b947010cf5b096aa922628fca5d,日本政府虽然加强了皇权c787ce88e242f2aaa75c6859161110c062357f02,但政权依然在少数名门望族手中d3a3af906261dd2df865578aac8540c110a2e96aMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6fZ2yuKmi

IzVhNjcwZDBjOGFlZDU=

为了保护自己的特权地位5fdc076dca4730ad48c5430883b1ddcec1982387,他们不愿培养太多出身不同人才参与政治QDVhNjcwZDBjOTE5NWM=dd43e5250193f9cc00874162bdc218e2

JDVhNjcwZDBjOGIxNGY=

一心向佛的僧人回国后不直接参与政治50432b16641324f962a7236d6643b5bbe4c7cb84,不仅能带回先进的知识KjVhNjcwZDBjOGY3N2M=,对政权的威胁还很小3b066b7ef8406ef24fdf38acffdd174bMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6gKuytc-i

NWE2NzBkMGM4YjNlMA==

自然成为公派出国的最佳选择啦!JjVhNjcwZDBjOGI1MzE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6gGSxk72i

JDVhNjcwZDBjOGI3YzY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6gGewuK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6gGixk7Wi

XjVhNjcwZDBjOGJiZWY=

当然35913ff44d0fc4c424e48627b92f3cc1,能够成为留学僧的人都不简单MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N6kZuxpbGi,那都是由日本政府挑选的才华出众的人物!0f621fe259917437b060298151a0f700

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6gZ68tbmi

f5bf5a4e80bf917eaa5fe19d49a43e7a316dcf3f,不管在什么时代什么国家JjVhNjcwZDBjOGZkYzA=,想要出国留学还能报销93d0e0ff0fa7a545bbb8ab8e3b826fdb,都得有个好成绩啊!68626427cdf90d3ac5f77646fb1a637a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N6hKqxy8-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbbjnp0m7N6hKu9pcei

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bf634bd8655ca6e9bb28cbdcdd81ec32

08c3ea3593ba3c7b4aca15a7f0cac350374c5eb6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbbjnp0m7N6hGax27Wi

 

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