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他差点成为中国第一个吃巧克力的人,为什么最后没吃?

IzVhNjcyMzZiOTBmYjg=

1706年IzVhNjcyMzZiOTdkOTY=,康熙突发奇想ad31207ac9755bae1efdb531216b0fbf,让大臣找来150块巧克力ITVhNjcyMzZiOWJhMmM=864084c38fefa7064bad0283f823bf34

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHfKuxtami

康熙朝的巧克力是从哪来的?用什么做的?a327c8dc57ab5100c21d02d970dca19b2884ef81

9c89a1f223592d913b8175c73161a7d02b7e01e4

为什么康熙最后没吃上巧克力?JjVhNjcyMzZiOTE2MTM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbdgbCMmrOHfGWxuL2i

视知TV两分钟告诉你MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHm6CxpbWi,其中不为人知的秘密!NWE2NzIzNmI5MThiYQ==

XjVhNjcyMzZiOTFhMDE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHfZuxqLWi

· 温馨提示 ·628b2946187f5aab9bfe40172d156d4b

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KzegqN7Zr2gfGexsqGiab7aa7c21f64c147da4c071fdbbef8fc

视频链接MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KzegqN7ZrGKjGOxoqGi

b86abf0f747d612acdb7c072fd18e264f3b71fc1

这里是文字版0cd625cf539a6cae22e803a8f3256aa0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbdgbCMmrOHgKywy72i

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大家都知道KjVhNjcyMzZiOTgxYjg=,康熙皇帝对西方的各种发明NWE2NzIzNmI5ODMzNA==非常感兴趣56f3dd1676a0a55d6e49af88890c75c7be3900c3ITVhNjcyMzZiOTI1YWY=

9d1bf1e4231bcad4c802d18150f1cb7a

不过大家可能不知道的是b43f1b835562a7a97b7951b81d61eea39890c0f2KjVhNjcyMzZiOTI4NTA=

cc9969f86db878ae595e9434399f5893

康熙差点就成为f3213ba3a811dfd5234c39ac76ce379c,中国历史上第一个吃巧克力的皇帝32b325ca91ac44d2c42fbaf34967ed291e8c3564250bca8055c0e12958d5ba3d

4bd81d53a261c3756989b4cae347c2fb

326fb1904d9612f117380803697df79c

KjVhNjcyMzZiOTJlYzc=

2ff7e0670ecd61244fac2379947f3fa20210886e

康熙四十五年(1706年)2acbe6dfd9613b916c8633f17d1ee10f,类似于现在公司行政主管加资料室管理员的武英殿总监造赫世亨得到皇帝指令MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KzegqN7ZrN3m5y9sqGi要他去找巧克力ITVhNjcyMzZiOWJmYjA=MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KzegqN7ZrGteGW9oqGi

a17bc868ef79500366807766c08268bf

康熙的的原话是这么说的:0f2c05005fa51c421681a3c6f77b176e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHhGOxqL2i

“着赫世亨至铎罗处JTVhNjcyMzZiOThhMzI=,倘若铎罗多带有deriyagacf4a9c291a29d5452404c1e1733ef1c6,可以求取6a3692669da465e9ea49a6677b02dee8,若少则勿取9f37a153e4605613a4974e4bdda42715,可捎信到广东后寻得c39479cb7255ce52abe304b64ade6fb8,寄来亦可MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOKhKqwpaWi。若有cokola亦求取18f6493c1ceeb2ab035f69128e43ce71b4dd4e23。”c9eabc3b66a27b626cf4ef8240df0ffc30bee3b7

1422617288ee40c3fc5e877bc178c9e2

Deriyaga和cokola都是满文奏折里音译过来的写法8e47593a8b00944cc8eaeaaab56a5e58a83262a1,Deriyaga是一种现在已经搞不清楚是什么的西药ea64767fb9f960ece475fd4b97b7f49b而cokola就非常清楚了——8223ddda6e53bab0eda582d7653c4dfbc35fef83

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHhGiyuLGi

巧克力MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOKhKy827WiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHhZu9tcei

78cd28d4cd16e7aa1c653047b852b76f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHhZ6xzrGi

d6d9bc71d359a1e8d6db4924835b5e1c0d6ff40b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KzegqN7ZrFlkaC8sqGi

 并不是这种巧克力e2e79e846c49b8861837ba6d54c19bddf93d441e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbdgbCMmrOHiKyyqK2i

a98db162bf02fccb293a22f8d25aa0cf

皇帝一声令下8f2bb4af3149f2487a5b567f22f970d6,赫世亨很快就搞来150块巧克力146e71f59180986a97f19bfd2a829d70MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KzegqN7ZrJ3jGOxsqGi

XjVhNjcyMzZiOTQ3N2Y=

因为怕吃坏了康熙JDVhNjcyMzZiOTk1NTE=,自己掉脑袋ba3bc5f8684f9fad28072ae4a9be6a81ea8b1e7a,赫世亨找了意大利药剂师鲍仲义058dcbfa5a94305ba40a885b2b33406237fc45426f8070f747ff068cd40b9b33bb2820e4

2b63fbc21492d9b97668ae74d34dadc1d0acacb3

来鉴定这些到底是什么东西KjVhNjcyMzZiOWM2N2I=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbdgbCMmrOHiZuxuLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHiZyyuLmi

还原鲍仲义的讲解dd0e40e7c23813bdfbbcd39160727f5de54e0763,我们可以知道633fbf1bb6f6dfe7d97d51c97dc057a4c351bbd5,当时的巧克力主要产地是美洲和菲律宾JDVhNjcyMzZiOTljMDU=,一共由八种原料制成:肉桂、秦艽、沙糖、可可(gagao)、香草(waniliya)、茴香(anis)QDVhNjcyMzZiOTlkNTc=,以及现在不知道指什么的满文音译词“ajuete”和“megajuoce”7a41943a3806d2ecedc0a22c9a06661495042def1147d752b7aec9e094c23cb9

34f344ce259f5a8998077ed8a7581a641ce0736d

JTVhNjcyMzZiOTUwNjQ=

90ddaadf37ece5b31ba9082872ab5800c4dbad26

ba6f53f241e8e614e67ecbe1d2460bbb

 可可豆5dda5e135c6ca197a8901ce9c781742b771f307b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6EzMbdgbCMmrOHjGOyuLWi

固态的巧克力61750955d5ca9b0b37a0c6f98ca46330,十九世纪才被发明2f3f3c38b7b1663af4188d6eca1c4c8bNWE2NzIzNmI5NTZmYQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHjGaxpb2i

在康熙的时代JTVhNjcyMzZiOWEwMGE=巧克力还是一种饮料JTVhNjcyMzZiOWExNWM=,而且贵族们一定要把它放进装了煮开的糖水的铜或者银罐子里23504953c4d35a955b95c5dbcadfedcb0b2533e4,再用黄杨木捻子搅匀了喝ITVhNjcyMzZiOWNhODk=d4cf5f5012fe84d2d093191b9ed9e17b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHjGi9qK2i

JjVhNjcyMzZiOTVjMTk=

0f672de650829fe995e289aa7658ece9e481b217

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHjZ68zrmi

除了食用方法不一样c736ac0e6905a2c355270b36b7074d07,康熙时代的巧克力还有一点脑洞大开:它“性温而味甘苦”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6EzMbdgbCMmrOKfGOx26mi,主治肠胃功能差、腹寒腹泻不消化MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZiE3KzegqN7Zr2HjZ69sqGi,而内热发烧、痨病痔疮的人b3895e77315894ac2d6649b0a9387aab,就不能喝巧克力75e6e7e1bba30a354c0f1ff2214e1bce235332d812d44fd47f811e8247550e2b

b0ec8717691e9dc6dea6c54d1fe9679b

总体来说e9ace927089b4dc9c86f440f350128f1和红茶差不多5579fa56127688c9ecd06d698f5f9cbf0026f1a6ITVhNjcyMzZiOTYyZGE=

01921f2f22136c882c97f299b4520093629913ff

康熙一看ec37f41e62186ebb44137d2ab07298a2,原来巧克力和金鸡纳霜不一样30ff5fca2ae4b71fcd4259ae4b45b3db,不是什么西洋药物75939a7dcaea43cbf649d88549965c10,说像茶叶吧XjVhNjcyMzZiOWFlZTE=,看描述估计还不大好喝6464b40841a2a9002bd41eeba0e040c1c36f64c0,要来也没什么用MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOKhZ6yqLGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHkGOytb2i

1cf2721ae82f6b5a898f38e2d14992172f3572f1

于是他大笔一挥81e0c409bd9cd300e59000f29b74d478,在赫世亨的奏折上写下“知道了”JjVhNjcyMzZiOWNmZjE=QDVhNjcyMzZiOTY4NzI=

03e654ba6a731662782ce3e2a670daa064db7819

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ITVhNjcyMzZiOTZjNWI=

八卦的踪迹MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOKgKywtbWi,就断在了这儿JTVhNjcyMzZiOWQxNDc=6e2582004a6f086d7334a0e0af3d8b6b

783eb95a8fe23ea099fede22f37cb191792019f0

康熙错过了一次饮食接轨世界的机会IzVhNjcyMzZiOWI0Nzc=,那150块让现代人垂涎的正宗进口巧克力XjVhNjcyMzZiOWI1ZTU=,也消失在了历史的尘埃里d3b37e835c915f5e4cc96bfaf3c66cca9e4cd6b42a99d074e70d56ea8ad86f8622c1d4636bdd0177

b65dc729f2eb17447cf82052d3aa93c0

91e53975b5fb6e7753810406b4833ad5152cd9ee

0b914e542c1d9297f07c5059748ed03e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHmmOwk62i

参考资料:JTVhNjcyMzZiOTc2YTk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6EzMbdgbCMmrOHmmW9y8-i

1.中国第一历史档案馆编93b1dcb8e45082b343cefd56ebbea489a95677ff,《康熙朝满文朱批奏折全译》28b896f170ec8826eec525222c9446f165afbe6e,康熙四十五年五月二十四日《武英殿总监造赫世亨奏报向洋人索取西洋药折》JjVhNjcyMzZiOTc5NjE=

2.关雪玲:《康熙时期西洋医学在清宫中传播问题的再考察》,《故宫学术季刊》2012 年第1 期2ee8f0d862dcf6da30de82a937e45bf3

NWE2NzIzNmI5N2MxMQ==

 

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