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日本艺伎美丽背后的真相,只有她们自己知道….

提到日本我们总能想到一类人XjViMDVlYzg0MmYzMDk=

她们犹如一件件活的艺术品JjViMDVlYzg0MmY0NjY=

为世界展现女性的极致之美9373d697a208bc3afc78ac2b1263f9fc38dde5f0

db9709c5812abf6a5cdfd0971f3ab68f

8f36aabf554a1d5e53623866102ccd59

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjbCZYbGgkGe8zqmi

1d59c3f9de5fc6289e620215d6b9bd3323d3d3c6

400年来艺伎一直是日本文化的一部分MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjbCZYbGgkZyypami

但仍然有许多西方人带着有色眼光看待她们JDViMDVlYzg0MmZkZGY=

认为她们是妓女2ca44436f9188d75343de6c5f9d756eb3c87be5c

而事实上96fc18e741a9e4eb6dfbcba3751e5d12

近现代的艺伎只出售自己的才艺而不是身体JjViMDVlYzg0MzAxZjk=

afb2faae22ac968db7bc7e48fd527caf

a095aa77a7c4725763750418331bffcf4c94272c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjbCZYbGteGO9y6Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjbCZYbGteGWxuKmi

日本艺伎产生于17世纪的东京和大阪21c17e01c08c000a2dadabd2364b7d49

最初的艺伎全部是男性0956926b330649fd9b8e443e16c7658a

他们在妓院和娱乐场所388ef964473c6687a2403746cc4647c4

以演奏传统鼓乐、说唱逗乐为生1f6df94eb20481b833aca96b0fbfff2f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjbCZYbGteZ6wqLWi

大约1750年左右a77898bdee42444d98d2eb0de3e35c6c

出现了第一个女艺伎022a6295b5d279a84a5ee3035cf2ea7a59672815

18世纪中叶e24840bdb7a6995c42a169aa9d996db8

艺伎职业渐渐被女性取代2875ef9a7911fd41fc0e1e450629fa84

这一传统也一直沿袭至今XjViMDVlYzg0MzE0ZTE=

0e9aa1e55564e99c6df45c0ce4e675b81cbad6d4

e31e75a3b10c9e582280f80268745c053f0de37e

528ffc8a9e2dbf8ea4228e3e0f520db5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjbCZYbGtfGixuKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnOg3qDq7GKfZ2xoqGi

因为一个“妓”字4ef3e48030bbc94f162000132d403ece

“艺妓”总是容易带给人们某种情色的联想MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjbCZYbGtfZ69pa2i

而实际上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjbCZYbJ3jGOwk7mi,作为“艺妓”b4be054735ac4d08137541a5da9f0cd2dd50975f

 “艺”是主QDViMDVlYzg0NDU2YWE=,“妓”为辅MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtgKq828ei

1aa6c014081854464ebbfd8721664123

76ff0887314388c20e3fb0ceddd03ecb672b1753

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtgGSxpa2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtgGW8zqmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtgGewk62i

在现代汉语中ITViMDVlYzg0MzJiMDU=

多把“妓”字直觉关联到性交易方面XjViMDVlYzg0MzJjODE=

因此才有了“艺伎”NWIwNWVjODQzMmUwNg==

以避讳为目的的现代汉语翻译写法2936d24ab281423a73ebdd36d54b761f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjbCZYbGtgaC9qKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjbCZYbGthKuxuK2i

87ac4bfb994f003855f66e5e4c03ed08

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjbCZYbGthGOxtbWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjbCZYbGthGS8k7Wi

艺伎一生主要卖两种“艺”0038f43fa474b19ac572632e97037767e51d3c20

一是才色之艺3b65e989e41bb7c81b01db38b1cbe2e1

二是处世之艺JDViMDVlYzg0MzNiOWQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjbCZYbGthZy9y62i

XjViMDVlYzg0MzNlYTA=

NWIwNWVjODQzNDAyNA==

QDViMDVlYzg0MzQxYTg=

JTViMDVlYzg0MzQzMjY=

所谓“才色之艺”QDViMDVlYzg0MzQ0YTU=

是指艺伎不仅要有从歌舞到各种乐器须得样样精通JjViMDVlYzg0MzQ2MzY=

还必须“才色兼备”ITViMDVlYzg0MzQ3YjI=

这个“色”并非指容貌漂亮MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtiGewpcui

而主要是指言行举止MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtiGiypbGi

是否足够温婉雅致、赏心悦目3b16dde073ba5d94852b3b4a1f732382

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtiZ2yuK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtiZ-wuL2i

5aca7207805c0e34eda799a56c92b17fd2d1148f

9f5bf27eb2e195bacf3611816806e68e

而至于“处世之艺”fcd17b694fad9d683c4a9b4e86aa0a0f

就是指“教养”NWIwNWVjODQzNTU0Zg==

e5a1b1d0520d6b93f06e512b5dcfff6a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnOg3qDq7KHmqy9oqGi

5f6ed983a0230865c7faeaf1539c505ba1ecbe5a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtjZuxpb2i

JjViMDVlYzg0MzVjZTk=

对于艺伎来说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjbCZYbGtjZ6wk7mi

生命中最重要的颜色就是白色KjViMDVlYzg0MzVmZTY=

过去没有电灯53301059be8e905d83f895b6ca0db485687efb60

依靠油灯和蜡烛的光线比较昏暗QDViMDVlYzg0MzYyZTc=

这样的白色可以在夜色中更加明显JDViMDVlYzg0MzY0NjE=

一颦一笑容易让人看到456232349d9a2d8ad40cc3daa34a1ca9be4c0e4b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtkGWxpb2i

QDViMDVlYzg0MzY4ZjE=

IzViMDVlYzg0MzZhNDk=

KjViMDVlYzg0MzZiYTM=

2b343fd14079a9d91d2f3573216512df

在日本传统文化中白色象征典雅和尊贵2e3158f8e2ada99009a424207883aec8

寓意纯洁无瑕6a129150be2d88cb8371cf853a95bbd9

艺伎的和服边也是有讲究的be8840fa191d05cbd9467e9761584d4ed49a41a2

颜色越多的级别越低28f856e793b3ecc15133ddd1326c5c73

高级的和服边是全白的ff2b5dcb284aaefb0e9cca6944fe7816

XjViMDVlYzg0Mzc1MTI=

1b9cb20215da96a6259c673e0d6a56e77179f654

JDViMDVlYzg0Mzc3Y2I=

241f862ecc77f52a83e54cce407f06f1f1f0034d

XjViMDVlYzg0MzdhN2Q=

初级艺伎往往只涂下半唇唇妆1cc76db8478b2e153236693d1b48c4bd,颜色较浅MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtm5u8k6mi

到了高级艺伎阶段则涂满整个嘴唇JjViMDVlYzg0MzdkMjY=

颜色更加红艳浓烈50b7f530ecf90e1bbf06a639351ea8562e1343a2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtm5-828ui

6f2c2dbb6c98e23bb2990006e89973ac

ITViMDVlYzg0MzgyN2M=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtnqy828-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtnmOxpami

通常与她们交易的IzViMDVlYzg0Mzg2YWY=

都是上层社会有钱有势的男人08e7ae6e319ad0d3571c8a67dc01dec6adf0a5d7

在昂贵的餐厅和茶舍里21852134cfe58d5b2821ce7622d63b708983a73a

谈论生意的男人们喜欢请一位艺伎相伴ITViMDVlYzg0MzhiMzI=

为他们斟酒上菜19ba9340358c69faab9b032403fd98f965cb3177,调节气氛0526b7259bcb3e119097aa3023c45335f976e5ff

而这最少也要花费1千美元11367920bddec1a0c9bc4d36cbe289c3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjbCZYbGtn5-ytbGi

IzViMDVlYzg0MzkxNDA=

2c959807d1e8142986e64169fd53c177

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjbCZYbGtoq2wtbmi

28efc8b6608f3615c26dacae5565bc69dcde438f

82ed46e1a1ebd10112ca04c91817ee6f

IzViMDVlYzg0Mzk4Y2E=

日本最著名的艺伎岩崎峰子eb50a67b1c256a41fad328c1e8bd232a

她一生阅人无数JTViMDVlYzg0MzliY2I=

曾与美国总统福特2f6f3621a7c3fb44985987538462d6c4

亨利·基辛格以及伊丽莎白女王等人会过面2106ff3b2829f7220a53d4e3f60822c3

e315ad13fda36845b72094d024d163078a14de7a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjbCZYbFlfKq8y6Wi

780e19ea34fd6f042bb7626623e61bbcd55d5551

4fadeb8cd32e7fbf000e01826a6404bc52c012e9

547c9e12d96ccd5259c421a48a8305c1

日本历史上的艺伎业曾相当发达a1f9d03761e4d6aa876875b918e6908b

京都作为集中地区曾经艺馆林立dd91fd6f7537d9eb2f4168c4ac2dc7f1

从艺人员多达几万MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjbCZYbFlfGiyqLGi

不过艺伎业在二次大战后大为萧条了4a9e8f8615d77cb96041075dc64e173f2507ba40

目前京都的艺伎只不过200人左右JDViMDVlYzg0M2FkM2Q=

JjViMDVlYzg0M2FlOTI=

abb393ab4d8937161c27e66ea833abbf

49e24319df8eb2e037a6d19de6207ded7d0a2746

1135baf8b57f02a027fb537f45fe09c0dc72f96d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjbCZYbFlgK2ytcui

今天很多女孩是出于兴趣爱好MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjbCZYbFlgGSwzrWi

才会来加入这一行业MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjbCZYbFlgGWyuK2i

但是部份年轻人在入行后c03b67c146d22d28899f5405b4b70b0a883577b7

忍受不了过于传统的生活50a3aeaa5433ab17470ad797547188af

要离家合宿受训、要放弃日常的娱乐MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjbCZYbFlgZu9tami

遵守严格的规矩JDViMDVlYzg0M2JkYmI=

中途就放弃的舞妓也很常见KjViMDVlYzg0M2JmMzE=

ITViMDVlYzg0M2MwYjA=

19d627c783055f6963ab5602a9ccf568aeed5b91

94cb0faf4d3ad1350569d75a28598ffc0764945a

KjViMDVlYzg0M2M1MjA=

QDViMDVlYzg0M2M2ZDk=

传统意义上的艺伎JDViMDVlYzg0M2M4YWQ=

在过去并不被人看作下流2e52699644ddebdeb2651fb22cb274201753d76c

相反许多家庭还以女儿能走入艺坛为荣668d41a4f2f8013b75e1840ca8f962d996af3dd8

这不仅表明这个家庭有较高的文化素质XjViMDVlYzg0M2NkOGY=

而且有足够的资金能供女儿学艺MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjbCZYbFlhZ69uK2i

NWIwNWVjODQzZDA2Mg==

QDViMDVlYzg0M2QxYjk=

06f8d76df97b8e07d83eebc44890f46e

JDViMDVlYzg0M2Q0NzM=

能当上一名艺伎也确实不易MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjbCZYbFliGO826Wi

学艺一般从10岁开始49e47e9fafca2afe8b2e3e5a709b73ce0c862f8e

要在5年时间内完成从QDViMDVlYzg0M2Q4YTI=

文化、礼仪、语言、装饰、诗书、琴瑟1876b19c2e420dc639ed5e86e114ed7cc92bca2f

直到鞠躬、斟酒等课程KjViMDVlYzg0M2RiNGY=

从16岁学成可以下海MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjbCZYbFliZyyuK2i

先当“舞子”8eab47bc0bd400019c52be21caa0dc2d92658a83,再转为艺伎MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjbCZYbFliZ29y7mi

IzViMDVlYzg0M2RmNjc=

IzViMDVlYzg0M2UwZWE=

IzViMDVlYzg0M2UyNDA=

893d2d12500f3a568d289f4ee6099fe6caed7b32

374b196f4d7bde66738f84d9e109111a99c179ac

从事艺伎的女人大多美艳柔情2293ce5ab89eb2693f83d9319e5e8bf9cce38296,知书达理8da490437bc8929e0c26e841621b9bdb

犹善歌舞琴瑟MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjbCZYbFljGWx28-i

主业是陪客人饮酒作乐efb7b4a4ea25882701db47afcff8f37f

f2a2ab16e67b3e9e54f2b24e2c7b094438da9a23

c437c5b0fb535d1feca1cfbdc3db1f7f

4f6590ce9b0bd15d93089bb210fdff40

e554389af2187b6aa216e5c8b696f235d2d7393a

XjViMDVlYzg0M2VmYTU=

从舞伎进阶到艺伎的这段时间58a5b0a51c244d354a6d1021b6d0c1b2780b08ff

所有的收入都是要上交给艺伎馆b0420749a4c91064e1e12678c2140fa2

即使成为了正式艺伎fa93be84a61c166bc94b57872f3706b0

也只能拿到顾客给的小费XjViMDVlYzg0M2Y1MWE=

由于艺伎馆负责艺伎的衣食住行3e67f019e5be6c68c1d9dcc047a7ac26

和服的花销尤其不菲MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnOg3qDq76dkZ-xsqGi

所以直到老板收回了投资成本QDViMDVlYzg0M2Y5NDQ=

艺伎才有机会完全独立谋生73b6d84d995914f1abce97c1790572eb

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjbCZYbFlkZywpbmi

88034d54bf4a4b6845d28b3705294504701b42f6

f71118b5131cdbda7f00026ef186b15b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjbCZYbFlkaCw28-i

在艺伎的世界里JDViMDVlYzg0NDAxYmU=

没有“不”这个词JjViMDVlYzg0NDAzMTU=

对于懂得的客人而言c68013b1454a8cdd6a40a932e3ef9070

在听到艺伎回答了一句“谢谢”之后9ae7943274065142f731b595b86e5926

若再无下文的话c9087400ab274f9ed029cfa9688343caa5108732

便知道自己被拒绝了800493909b43dc018c0afcca02d7ac31

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3eGe8y6mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjbCZYbJ3eZuwqKmi

fe4f992949538761d056a87b8a6df403

KjViMDVlYzg0NDBkY2U=

d68948b63dec527fa9c308ad9e89d851

蔦清小松朝次fb0ab519b866baa5a4504c095dcdb56d

是东京柳桥的一位年满百岁的现役艺伎NWIwNWVjODQ0MTFkZg==

在她满一百岁那年9e3aa27d3aac695bb905225ef41d2536

曾出了一本关于自己艺伎生涯的回忆录JjViMDVlYzg0NDE0OGU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3fGO9uK2i

3891549b5ab0056b73d81a52b084c577

写道有一次她和她的艺伎伙伴们遇到一位来自外乡的客人5f14a909808995e7d88b1016733fe128efb03e16,喝了些酒之后便放肆起来6278cde350ce818091ce8f28d2639518,一定要看艺伎们露屁股530592cd9a4e9c3dca066d5d88399690,尽管客人的要求无理054371058e3b44367956eedc9db5cfb4aeb0bc69,但艺伎们却依旧高高兴兴地答应下来…然后艺伎们开始关灯8678d8f24ebe227b8e59eaf4d77e71e0,整个榻榻米和室变得一片漆黑之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3kK2x28ei,艺伎们集体喊完“1、2、3”c61ce7db610d8c90c6d75b8412c8ca32,再将灯打开MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3kGWwy6mi,问 “刚才露屁股了b0dca596e57f1dfaa30ce5ef20d399234287ddd9,您看到了吗?”客人无话可说7ecf7f66408ba139f4ce4b63eeb36985,于是哈哈大笑起来d17e749969036055f339e2c2f59fed4ce56bcd2f08c9c349db1183ac13854b188e410f3a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3fGiwpc-i

IzViMDVlYzg0NDFiNmI=

e7de6ad1b88e17846165bb70cfaea037fcc710e7

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3fZ6wy8ei

KjViMDVlYzg0NDFmYTQ=

db6e854aea42ea3902d1fc8054010518937d6539

9e7a33f4146ea9779e6d5cdd2a157efa

艺伎雅而不俗之处1d0519e460eb2b0f9fed081137ef4170

不仅在于它与妓有别15d08606a421df4d33066bebde24192c

而且在于它的不滥MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3gGSwk72i

大都是熟人或名士引荐0bd53302da92c8317e0c0a64df7b4767

5f49e43bdb9f057044305a002d2346eb11724f03

53fb3a984f637d6aa36663f40613728784306e5d

JjViMDVlYzg0NDJiYzE=

XjViMDVlYzg0NDJkMTY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3gZ6xy7Gi

艺伎也大多在艺馆待客MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnOg3qDYbGgjZ2xyKGi

但有时也受邀到茶馆酒楼陪客作艺f12fd773e6a2de9faa2e5ed17e36996553ac31e2

艺伎在从业期内不得结婚MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3hKuxk72i

否则MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3kZuw28ei,必须先引退1c9049b59a0847467b79cc775ad8d4306375fced

以保持艺伎“纯洁”的形象MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjbCZYbJ3hGOxqK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjbCZYbJ3hGS8tami

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3hGawpcui

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艺伎一般过着深居简出的生活6ba806e8c3f4dc8e736ec75bb7598419

通常人们在公开场所JjViMDVlYzg0NDNmMDA=

只能见到行色匆匆的从住地赶往茶社MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3haCxqLWi

或从茶社赶回住地的艺伎bc14ee899faa01f5f5f1c50af2d96379

她们之间形成一个小圈子MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3iKywtcei

一般人很难窥探她们的生活4ee828abc8ec733f0d1e875bd2ca2f0a782be1ab

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如果你行走在京都的街头XjViMDVlYzg0NDRjZDE=

看到有艺伎打扮的姑娘们d9cc5d21b42c9d1c0cf0d1e4f40464b9c7cf8984

不要认为她们就是真正的艺伎NWIwNWVjODQ0NGZhZQ==

真正的艺伎白天忙着练习舞蹈技艺和礼仪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjbCZYbJ3jKqwpbmi

晚上才会出来去“茶室”工作b22e30d5bf286d19899d1947a3bf69990a7e3af7

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