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日本艺伎美丽背后的真相,只有她们自己知道….

提到日本我们总能想到一类人NWE4OTJlY2UzMTBlMA==

她们犹如一件件活的艺术品08eae83d45d9a6600ed30f684d50ef7ca15b3f74

为世界展现女性的极致之美e91015e35e255e95093bb1d5be98083ed647de78

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2AnbGtfK29pc-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2AnbGtfGSwy6mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtfGWxy8ei

5730c288b89567942f55b1a4437740bd

400年来艺伎一直是日本文化的一部分fed19dbe3206463f6742857a11d7de2a

但仍然有许多西方人带着有色眼光看待她们NWE4OTJlY2UzMWI2Mg==

认为她们是妓女MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2AnbGtfZy8uL2i

而事实上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtfZ6wpami

近现代的艺伎只出售自己的才艺而不是身体8401a88966ec643b629f65ec5b91bc82

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtfaCytbGi

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4443a109d5b46c378cd3b1110feaf9b9acf6331e

日本艺伎产生于17世纪的东京和大阪JDVhODkyZWNlMzI1ZDM=

最初的艺伎全部是男性JjVhODkyZWNlMzI3MjM=

他们在妓院和娱乐场所7bd186fb7830c79163bdb4201ec3fabb

以演奏传统鼓乐、说唱逗乐为生950095e17ac2560ee584d82b09af2159

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtgZuw27Gi

大约1750年左右df33abf096b0400f617031cd168c9e217b915e03

出现了第一个女艺伎MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtgZ29pcui

18世纪中叶MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtgZ-w27Wi

艺伎职业渐渐被女性取代JjVhODkyZWNlMzMwODE=

这一传统也一直沿袭至今2ee448fc4e53b323a1d1f58fa5e41e1a

JDVhODkyZWNlMzMzMTQ=

IzVhODkyZWNlMzM0NWE=

ITVhODkyZWNlMzM1YTc=

c87a3fe864c38e321a687e6df4ef7994

JTVhODkyZWNlMzM4M2Q=

因为一个“妓”字52b44dd01efe095721ff103e6a596184

“艺妓”总是容易带给人们某种情色的联想QDVhODkyZWNlMzNhZGY=

而实际上eeb92632cf50506442c5900948e55883d8cabea0,作为“艺妓”0b63f07d136ff46141c73e2006fa9836b26bd714

 “艺”是主7b5b4a7db1c67b85eb89c22f38174c6e,“妓”为辅632a6320b1441fa779a1cf62582ade652cab2a6e

8509fe13504d62a56bb4749cde1efdbc

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjWiHq7FlkKqw2KGi

c0ad2796b0bf25df554857f25015eeb7d3eb1e76

013c4ba8786494e9fcd6b674ecc03c19

JjVhODkyZWNlMzQzYzk=

在现代汉语中KjVhODkyZWNlMzQ1MGE=

多把“妓”字直觉关联到性交易方面b27031ebf4c2be5f56d6b53393b11d85

因此才有了“艺伎”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2AnbGtiGW8tbGi

以避讳为目的的现代汉语翻译写法18d0073995f1400bdd5ba255aaf4d530444495b4

9b67178be748d5c51b1855e06d4c1025

ce412874a50a676a6c4975f76d59114c0ea95e45

869b1f3ea8639329f51f9f451ffa7d7a

7c6add700cfaeb82f3235524876f33be75c0839b

408f69b1c4433d3f3e6b7eca47c9675e

艺伎一生主要卖两种“艺”9c5657600043db41c548754e06ffaca9

一是才色之艺1cc8c1e6ef95f3bfb7d146afec1f37c4

二是处世之艺MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtjKyw26Wi

923f385d343130a34b4129f97e441d4389fa4fc0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2AnbGtjGO8zrWi

6499f9e6229eafb65f927b3661d69927585ccc32

KjVhODkyZWNlMzU4NTg=

XjVhODkyZWNlMzU5ZTY=

所谓“才色之艺”XjVhODkyZWNlMzViNGY=

是指艺伎不仅要有从歌舞到各种乐器须得样样精通514bdddf396d0ad60153a27b1d183f4d

还必须“才色兼备”b20226f93930bfc27c6551a665b752df

这个“色”并非指容貌漂亮377a194e1bbbe1b0788c2515255a556f

而主要是指言行举止JTVhODkyZWNlMzYwZWY=

是否足够温婉雅致、赏心悦目MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2AnbGtkKuxpbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtkKy8uK2i

NWE4OTJlY2UzNjUyZQ==

JTVhODkyZWNlMzY2YTE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtkGW9y7Wi

而至于“处世之艺”JDVhODkyZWNlMzY5Nzc=

就是指“教养”JDVhODkyZWNlMzZhZDg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2AnbGtkZywzq2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtkZ2yqLGi

XjVhODkyZWNlMzZlZmI=

XjVhODkyZWNlMzcwNjU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtmqq8y8ui

对于艺伎来说71708a53c19db2facb20982243dffb21

生命中最重要的颜色就是白色ITVhODkyZWNlMzc0OTQ=

过去没有电灯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtmmO9tcei

依靠油灯和蜡烛的光线比较昏暗8d548b8bb513b215bfe61e9f287038ec

这样的白色可以在夜色中更加明显NWE4OTJlY2UzNzhjNA==

一颦一笑容易让人看到ITVhODkyZWNlMzdhMjk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtm5uxk7Gi

JDVhODkyZWNlMzdjZWM=

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ITVhODkyZWNlMzdmYWY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2AnbGtnqqwpa2i

在日本传统文化中白色象征典雅和尊贵JDVhODkyZWNlMzgyNzE=

寓意纯洁无瑕MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtnqy827Wi

艺伎的和服边也是有讲究的XjVhODkyZWNlMzg1M2Q=

颜色越多的级别越低MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtnmSytaWi

高级的和服边是全白的IzVhODkyZWNlMzg4MGI=

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XjVhODkyZWNlMzhmMDU=

初级艺伎往往只涂下半唇唇妆5064d34fd205810a706b9f5a08d801dcae6f6fa1,颜色较浅b5522c514ff4b407495b30e041228d40

到了高级艺伎阶段则涂满整个嘴唇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtoqq8262i

颜色更加红艳浓烈QDVhODkyZWNlMzkzNGQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2AnbGtoq2yuL2i

2d292c5b0a0125c6d4121ced2f72f8c2cd5c2882

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2AnbGtomWx27mi

aef9b998904d2cce85ba87bf869b8df2a57d3fe8

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通常与她们交易的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2AnbGto5uxuLGi

都是上层社会有钱有势的男人JTVhODkyZWNlMzljYTk=

在昂贵的餐厅和茶舍里c821ea01a800ea92e782384415a68909

谈论生意的男人们喜欢请一位艺伎相伴de9f85572913f304cfc9cff67379d088376a236d

为他们斟酒上菜XjVhODkyZWNlNDYzZmI=,调节气氛a131f86c006636772deedfba8e254467

而这最少也要花费1千美元MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2AnbFlfKq8zrGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2AnbFlfKywpbGi

ITVhODkyZWNlM2E0MzQ=

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2AnbFlfGexqL2i

ead701302e02473d0a93e724999591b3

日本最著名的艺伎岩崎峰子3c79d7350507f976d17cc399a832fcc9552b6e02

她一生阅人无数ITVhODkyZWNlM2FkNTc=

曾与美国总统福特796588ec7b3b9758986eab1a66242ec573eb7e9c

亨利·基辛格以及伊丽莎白女王等人会过面e90eae8e272b652576ae051c951faa6b4cbf2d5b

JjVhODkyZWNlM2IxNjQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2AnbFlgKu8y7Gi

XjVhODkyZWNlM2I0MGY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2AnbFlgGOxuL2i

0b483c08f78e6af7fb900814009b58db

日本历史上的艺伎业曾相当发达JTVhODkyZWNlM2I3ZDQ=

京都作为集中地区曾经艺馆林立MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2AnbFlgGewy7Gi

从艺人员多达几万MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjWiHq72domexyKGi

不过艺伎业在二次大战后大为萧条了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2AnbFlgZu9tami

目前京都的艺伎只不过200人左右f169df9409b32e01c34788f3cb698c194c539a31

002e5f893eb77bf7417e2307b75d18bb9e6ca90d

XjVhODkyZWNlM2JmZTY=

12c32b82ca91b0e5fbe7f1db6e1262a9

0324fea8ca41c4661cb396acb59c25bb

IzVhODkyZWNlM2MzZTY=

今天很多女孩是出于兴趣爱好b84e5df20a5d123f3b96b71a160659b31d7584a4

才会来加入这一行业bb01f9609c870fa519ce0ffa85f4978d88d2df45

但是部份年轻人在入行后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2AnbFlhGW9qKmi

忍受不了过于传统的生活fe3df5978337d9e4428d73aed8620522

要离家合宿受训、要放弃日常的娱乐MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2AnbFlhGiyqL2i

遵守严格的规矩79d0cac573420166465868c862364258113d68cf

中途就放弃的舞妓也很常见JjVhODkyZWNlM2NkM2Q=

f9457a4579039608cebaea4d99c13d3d

JTVhODkyZWNlM2NmZjI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2AnbFliKqxpami

6e70e7ac4a39baddedc4b293c44b289b558924e7

31068a02d783c79275d901f7dee81142

传统意义上的艺伎MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2AnbFliGOwk6mi

在过去并不被人看作下流11e92f8d09c9479d5bf77aeafc95fa899168e35e

相反许多家庭还以女儿能走入艺坛为荣MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2AnbFliGW9qL2i

这不仅表明这个家庭有较高的文化素质a9222d2eda08907b0ed6ac6c89336727

而且有足够的资金能供女儿学艺ffe5be7c2d9b476423bd91a4b54c4802

4128c6db5ceef96a6ee78039c1a4a743cd8eb377

JjVhODkyZWNlM2RjZmM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2AnbFliZ6xpcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2AnbFliZ-ytami

能当上一名艺伎也确实不易2246cb3c721d1bebb09682c5a0c9b623

学艺一般从10岁开始49717e6fce4a7484dfc2712230d60cf19212dd70

要在5年时间内完成从e8865152eb00a9d6063c2cc2b2959f9c

文化、礼仪、语言、装饰、诗书、琴瑟02d226a6cf252f2ebd16e4581ded0b06

直到鞠躬、斟酒等课程9db3098d2f47e6f811f8a4ba8ee56fa39ac564a9

从16岁学成可以下海855619351a649b8d5f64053d18316f03

先当“舞子”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2AnbJ3kGOxqLmi,再转为艺伎78546c4c598c0a2f6dbd84c79d2034acb0d53aec

ce46f882177a334af62abf730054e1f1f8916874

2a08521c70572bc4d8a2d79e81877ed2c5631c52

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2AnbFljZ2wk62i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2AnbFljZ6yuLWi

7a656f34a2e6ccb076984560654ee4bb

从事艺伎的女人大多美艳柔情2b9e60d40253a25727556461059f207d,知书达理MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2AnbFlkKqx27Gi

犹善歌舞琴瑟JDVhODkyZWNlM2YzMDE=

主业是陪客人饮酒作乐e26eae4f5557fc0913e61507a6f57017f6161026

QDVhODkyZWNlM2Y1Y2E=

669e05203d1530339139ce94688d25e6

52bff23c18ef3a8bd98d02a7694816dcc42c5eea

4fedd6bc4fb10334270c3f6ea7f6ead5

043e8d475fc53beca0e64b0f3140bffa

从舞伎进阶到艺伎的这段时间IzVhODkyZWNlM2ZjZTQ=

所有的收入都是要上交给艺伎馆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2AnbFlkZ6w28ui

即使成为了正式艺伎85bf6546e965402e41b97ee9aa111817

也只能拿到顾客给的小费MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2AnbFlkaC9zrGi

由于艺伎馆负责艺伎的衣食住行c906283debe67f90d768a8daff561ee3

和服的花销尤其不菲99fc079be7a31bc1fc1d3c5844be453673c7863c

所以直到老板收回了投资成本cb1df4da6d777db22a6936ffd8e4aa22

艺伎才有机会完全独立谋生072cc53af966a943b4736d8b48ca0fa063b56564

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2AnbJ3eGW9tc-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2AnbJ3eGexqK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2AnbJ3eGi8y72i

JDVhODkyZWNlNDBjMmU=

在艺伎的世界里KjVhODkyZWNlNDBkOTY=

没有“不”这个词ITVhODkyZWNlNDBmMTE=

对于懂得的客人而言42b1fcb64d7597f1d8049ce7d75d6346

在听到艺伎回答了一句“谢谢”之后a52205c700602b797bfd07b993aebe7e

若再无下文的话JjVhODkyZWNlNDEzNDM=

便知道自己被拒绝了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2AnbJ3fK2ytcei

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2AnbJ3fGWxuLGi

e8ee3563b08217461aad1888e99caf5fd2aa3b5f

ITVhODkyZWNlNDFhNDA=

JDVhODkyZWNlNDFiYTI=

蔦清小松朝次9e55f7fa72765aada18d9b8813d4c602559a05e1

是东京柳桥的一位年满百岁的现役艺伎6524e87e54ce8985091622f63889d7248389b8c8

在她满一百岁那年70fdbce8dd1321d53f31ec8da0b5974486849c35

曾出了一本关于自己艺伎生涯的回忆录MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2AnbJ3gKqwtc-i

db3bb10010e478d9ff798735a3bb210fef9d350c

6897ccb8bf6fa6e743c057fd5063e08a

写道有一次她和她的艺伎伙伴们遇到一位来自外乡的客人2f53127297b915f322039252af3a8fef,喝了些酒之后便放肆起来ITVhODkyZWNlNDY5NTM=,一定要看艺伎们露屁股2f5d2e46011b628488688a63b3daa08b,尽管客人的要求无理JjVhODkyZWNlNDZiZmY=,但艺伎们却依旧高高兴兴地答应下来…然后艺伎们开始关灯ecac099365d582153751c41a2b10e538676bd7e5,整个榻榻米和室变得一片漆黑之后d73c41dc2a73d71da4ebd0ce0e6fba61aa2444d1,艺伎们集体喊完“1、2、3”b4614c754e90b09e40a862130e371e3696be25bf,再将灯打开NWE4OTJlY2U0NzE3NA==,问 “刚才露屁股了JTVhODkyZWNlNDcyZGY=,您看到了吗?”客人无话可说64e182f3ce4df314bff7c177d44c0e86,于是哈哈大笑起来MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2AnbJ3mmWwpcui12c8c4ce562bca7cc41674730504d0e0617ec15d

ad664625661c1d2838314f99bb033c25

875ee33fd03f7b31d6bd0fc2d048dbbd6d3af370

NWE4OTJlY2U0Mjk5Mg==

ea70d791c28b6097636f3bf53314ba58f8d23444

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2AnbJ3gZyxtami

JDVhODkyZWNlNDJkZDQ=

5b627a90cab3cc50f22b72ea0a021ddbc136cedf

艺伎雅而不俗之处52f5460399d9d5acda13e2787f781e04dcb5d16f

不仅在于它与妓有别QDVhODkyZWNlNDMxZjg=

而且在于它的不滥a8e12be5d0d12cfde9e4c8745eb0400799a84e54

大都是熟人或名士引荐16cf024257a0d94cee002e39cfb00d86

3ed6a868479e5a97564835d6c624db1b6d0e5931

b869bd3745cf9545c938fffaedd7fa28

dadd87e992c5f211cde2904940f8e131abd38ac4

XjVhODkyZWNlNDM5YjM=

KjVhODkyZWNlNDNhZmE=

艺伎也大多在艺馆待客02555c06ac6d8708df755910fd28d63b

但有时也受邀到茶馆酒楼陪客作艺40ba77b3cac0ac387666d7b788e0121aad7575ab

艺伎在从业期内不得结婚9f779fc075a9e9d1db3c7807f38cc446c634df33

否则77c431d10ad07c08bd51a01c267916d4,必须先引退f50d738c5ad64fc0343e8350c00da84bfc2d0200

以保持艺伎“纯洁”的形象NWE4OTJlY2U0NDE1MQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2AnbJ3iKuyuK2i

QDVhODkyZWNlNDQzYmE=

QDVhODkyZWNlNDQ1MTQ=

63cecc599d53f35da6346a271eed12322833d3ca

090ab78f62159bc836320fc3b4e84100

艺伎一般过着深居简出的生活ITVhODkyZWNlNDQ5MTk=

通常人们在公开场所a1be523ff01c677faad997bf8f5ce1f3

只能见到行色匆匆的从住地赶往茶社MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2AnbJ3iZu8y8ui

或从茶社赶回住地的艺伎MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjWiHYbJ6hKu8yKGi

她们之间形成一个小圈子e42edb706101ca274e233226883ff38a87a11b91

一般人很难窥探她们的生活MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2AnbJ3iZ-827mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2AnbJ3jKqwtb2i

2178661b25f3836d7797d21ee07f46c0a350861a

c476e053b9c2ac8ebd27122730fc46e0

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475681d3efee47a60d87f37485778ff7

如果你行走在京都的街头87fc2dbf0b9248d73693630cac0b7d62b994f3c7

看到有艺伎打扮的姑娘们MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2AnbJ3jGewy72i

不要认为她们就是真正的艺伎NWE4OTJlY2U0NWE4MQ==

真正的艺伎白天忙着练习舞蹈技艺和礼仪b68f032b869aabb045eb8ca215d707dc

晚上才会出来去“茶室”工作048dc2dd7e4f3e7d36f712766267eb04afabb647

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