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盘点小年要做的传统习俗

小年的到来也代表着春节离我们越来越近了KjVhODkzN2FiYjZmOWY=,南北方的小年虽然差了一天ITVhODkzN2FiYjcwZGU=,但是很多习俗却是通用的6ff3d677b6d286672688ec89b144765e,下面我们就一起来看看小年有哪些传统习俗921c5919df6ce291cb09685177e4bcf1d9d74730MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrCXjY18mrJ3eZuyoqGi

小年的传统习俗有哪些f26719a32ae1b16e4813b0549e032d478da596eb

祭灶王2cb7358ff8bd5841d1f9209baacd7c9b

小年这天e472be81bca5ee5443f39a17159b6ebed8e7af3d,也是民间祭灶的日子XjVhODkzN2FiYmVhYTA=。民间传说9a044a1bcb0b35c06e2df681bc50ec55db4cec39,每年腊月二十三91b2933adfbfe72385847553f989f385,灶王爷都要上天向玉皇大帝禀报这家人的善恶MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egmh4mr2dmmWw28ui,让玉皇大帝赏罚9d7b4f4cac66d0e7caa441cfb860df10。因此送灶时1486fb6054bc91e9da4400cd86eab56e011deee9,人们在灶王像前的桌案上供放糖果、清水、料豆、秣草;其中d37e7ee8cc8444674ecf71c5683d9c7ff5f4c201,后三样是为灶王升天的坐骑备料KjVhODkzN2FiYmVkNTI=。祭灶时f6875c937bd0dd1f5671e186e510a7a21af6fa5e,还要把关东糖用火融化MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrCXjY18mrJlgGawyKGi,涂在灶王爷的嘴上NWE4OTM3YWJiZWViOA==。这样6866ae083603c2b9fd0018daac2c33b786ac603e,他就不能在玉帝那里讲坏话了MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrCXjY18mr6KkKuwoqGi21b69a704e58b329a44ffdc1fee77b0fde97fab7

b37c2cb72b96fb2fa2b27393e9dcfaea4566764f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egmh4mr2diGawy6mi

 声明:图片来源网络ITVhODkzN2FiYjdlZjQ=,如有侵权8cfec92b6129edb2b54f879923b620ae,敬请告知MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egmh4mr2diGexuKmi

ITVhODkzN2FiYjRhOTA=

另外NWE4OTM3YWJiODE5OA==,大年三十的晚上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egmh4mr2dnqu9tbGi,灶王还要与诸神来人间过年0849d26326976006f805c80dd311105d,那天还得有“接灶”、“接神”的仪式MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egmh4mr2gkKqxzrGi。等到家家户户烧轿马d82717dd4055a3569e27c1b5e0b52d9b,洒酒三杯QDVhODkzN2FiYjg2ODE=,送走灶神以后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egmh4mr2dnmW8k7Gi,便轮到祭拜祖宗JTVhODkzN2FiYmYyYzQ=NWE4OTM3YWJiNGJkOQ==

吃饺子NWE4OTM3YWJiNGQyMg==

北方的每个节日几乎都会有饺子的身影4856f59ca23d2dda156532863e5afe71af115964,小年夜吃饺子ITVhODkzN2FiYjhhM2U=,取意“送行饺子迎风面”7ddfc2b219de3d8e85b8f885130087e6。山区多吃糕和荞面0ab87e8d183cbaccc173fa9efcc8510b。晋东南地区MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egmh4mr2dn5uypc-i,流行吃炒玉米的习俗JTVhODkzN2FiYjhjYzU=,民谚有“二十三ITVhODkzN2FiYjhlMDQ=,不吃炒JTVhODkzN2FiYjhmNDI=,大年初—一锅倒”的说法XjVhODkzN2FiYmY2ZGU=。人们喜欢将炒玉米用麦芽糖粘结起来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egmh4mr2dn6CyqLWi,冰冻成大块MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egmh4mr2doqq8k62i,吃起来酥脆香甜b40526b500d0c420b69813e3db10327cJTVhODkzN2FiYjRlNjI=

赶乱婚e7e8dc2e4e93b7f7620af1923ba37721a43df035

过了二十三MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egmh4mr2doqywpc-i,民间认为诸神上了天MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egmh4mr2doq2xtcui,百无禁忌f32b09ed1e41faa3a4d95d62c155c2b6。娶媳妇、聘闺女不用择日子IzVhODkzN2FiYjk2MWE=,称为赶乱婚ad1186f84f2bc4cd671dbb8c4c29080ce6a26524。民谣有“岁晏乡村嫁娶忙5c6744aba88ea5b38154cf1fe901ffbc,宜春帖子逗春光QDVhODkzN2FiYmZjMzg=。灯前姊妹私相语65cc9f401628262a96e12a50c4ff61a98cb1796b,守岁今年是洞房”的说法1ef46e016249d73fad01d24560bf4701a9bec8864b3d9003d125a51a0c3827ba71c35e9c

c792929ca305121485e546015ad165e2

92dee2cad56545a1fc2579f7e5621716

52f29b082bf60706e91902cd1c715c50a59c61c1

贴窗花1ea74a28927dbff04f2218ea78692748

剪贴窗花是最盛行的民俗活动457e583e6529a7f3c66a9dcecb847605ed1cd662。内容有各种动、植物等掌故MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egmh4mr2domixtbGi,如喜鹊登梅af1dd017647da4ea06263d26b6f740d2,孔雀戏牡丹  d967e0d73d02171f989f7bf3d940f010,狮子滚绣球MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egmh4mr2do56ytaWi,三羊(阳)开泰3d512073890a6dc9c914a93bdef16fc3df756612,二龙戏珠eb013b14f4fbfd620eb597d84df4462b54600097,鸳鸯戏水等等JDVhODkzN2FiYzAwNDI=。贴上窗花寓意着新的一年越来越好QDVhODkzN2FiYzAxOWI=。剪好窗花后贴在打扫一新的屋子里IzVhODkzN2FiYmEyZTg=,自然为家中增添不少喜气9b555914bee22d526b8d7c72328ed39e876d45aeca258dcc61151ea8bd75abdb

扫尘547c106f87808045e71092a5fa192f3ce9158224

“尘”与“陈”谐音KjVhODkzN2FiYmE0NTM=,故而扫尘旨在除旧迎新ITVhODkzN2FiYmE1YzE=,拔除不祥caa64013aef284c95d0b660512b27d0cadb5260b。扫帚将墙壁上下扫干净、擦洗桌椅、冲洗地面等QDVhODkzN2FiYmE3M2M=,各家各户都要不留死角地彻底清扫JDVhODkzN2FiYmE4OWY=,做到窗明几净MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egmh4mr2teGO8taWi。同时小年的这一天XjVhODkzN2FiYmFhMDI=,也有“有钱没钱d222bbc17e5b6e69317665a89e5ebe8d,剃头过年”的说法MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7egmh4mr2teGS9tami。在北京JDVhODkzN2FiYmFjZWI=,通常把腊月二十四日定为“扫房日”JjVhODkzN2FiYzA4MjQ=JDVhODkzN2FiYjU5ZmQ=

小年吃点这些食物JjVhODkzN2FiYjViM2M=

年粽446c9f83b8033fc139d7a27c22fa8eac

南宁人有过小年吃“年粽”的习俗4938e58fa8915889c4696c7495e3938c,年粽是新年吉祥的象征MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egmh4mr2gfZ-8y6Wi,俗话说:“年粽年粽5d043f5710f73868b599283b0052a19a,年年高中(粽)”1e6ef09b809e52fffc4652c9176e0610。年粽跟端午节的凉粽不一样QDVhODkzN2FiYmIyYTA=,它有馅4c530857eda29dfd57a403ff77dff4bcb25c2b25,有大有小MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egmh4mr2ggGOxtcui,有长有短186a6674dd53b4b657254e28a34add0a,有圆有扁IzVhODkzN2FiYzBhYjc=。剥去叶子后MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7egmh4mr2ggGawpcui,皮是糯米9a308715e9e841962f93bf1a08743a0e,馅是绿豆和猪肉36575ec7e75426fc097e0a0048ea3cc2,也有人放自己喜欢的食品做馅料ee9e6a64c52d2445fdca536209b427d0a72e1533MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egmh4mr2djZ29pbmi

米饼6b2ff39de2d9d4aaa7b79b33abbcda36

农历腊月廿三MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egmh4mr2ggZu9pa2i,民间俗称“小年”IzVhODkzN2FiYmJkMWE=,广西武宣、桂平等地民间有做米饼的习俗df4a416aa5ba766e962aa699573e755e1d682dd0。米饼是用糯米粉作主料MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egmh4mr2ggZ6xy7mi,花生、芝麻、白糖作配料MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egmh4mr2ggZ-8tbmi,放入模具打制成圆形MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egmh4mr2ggaC9y8ui,再经高温蒸熟ece557f2cec154fc0f5acc0817bda0a7f03c88da,吃起来别有风味JjVhODkzN2FiYmMzOGQ=,有“团团圆圆”的寓意013b7cf7f60b954196db23d791ca7dc16c589b09XjVhODkzN2FiYjYwNjM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egmh4mr2dkKq8uL2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egmh4mr2dkKu9y72i

9d30629e948d66b9bb5a29aaa3b31c56a214d81d

杀年猪JTVhODkzN2FiYjY1NzM=

恭城瑶族自治县莲花的兰洞、西岭的新河、观音的水滨山寨等地eaef900f34e5ba6bfa995f683d23db8400df3787,都有杀猪过春节的习俗IzVhODkzN2FiYzEwNDQ=。过了小年夜(农历十二月二十三)b92de0aeacaeeb0ebd9107792c072d23,那杀年猪的热闹戏就算开台了760652233c1c949bed069fd152152299。挑选出最好的肉JDVhODkzN2FiYmM3ZjU=,或炒或炖JDVhODkzN2FiYmM5NGM=,精心烹饪XjVhODkzN2FiYmNhYWM=,再满满斟上一杯酒JDVhODkzN2FiYmNjMDg=,邀请亲朋好友共享年猪宰杀后的第一顿鲜肉——庖汤ITVhODkzN2FiYzEzMTg=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7egmh4mr2dkGS8zrmi

麻糖e12fb4a0742373d618ad40aba5ccd5f9

fab5b181e5d09074c38d59439457de264afa9c63

晋西北有“二十三吃麻糖a1bd48b21fdb72261bbd6aa70127f49f0a7e73ff,吃不上麻糖啃指头”的俗话499816482377377ea9ab82dc1d2672b5。据说MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrCXjY18mr1liZyw2KGi,小年是灶神上天的日子MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrCXjY18mr1lkKq9yKGi,他上天要向天帝报告一年来人间的衣食用度及其它天帝想要了解的事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egmh4mr2tfGO9pcei。也就是灶神的述职日?吃麻糖就是想让这灶神的嘴巴被糖给粘住张不开MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7egmh4mr2giKqxy7Gi,不能把人间的美味奢华的情景禀报给天e57196d0038b25d02a10ef370107a6e9dfa185ca,以免得爱吃喝的人们受到处罚——新年带来饥荒1577a1a00c23a8a1486a5d07af1cabc1c0a08389,期盼有一个平安的丰年到来NWE4OTM3YWJjMTc2Mg==35a5127e584bb4b5baee38c5a1ac354f7813ac76

糖瓜MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrCXjY18mrKgfZ6woqGi

灶糖是一种麦芽糖MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egmh4mr2giGOxy7mi,粘性很大c55d909782365544b815a6b7c965b519,把它抽为长条型的糖棍称为“关东糖”793d132c25895190249f8d50829b0a7c,拉制成扁圆型就叫做“糖瓜”588082c62988bd8df23e80d30b239dda。冬天把它放在屋外IzVhODkzN2FiYmQ5M2U=,因为天气严寒QDVhODkzN2FiYmRhOTc=,糖瓜凝固得坚实而里边又有些微小的气泡648dfb22ad26fbe4b9223a26eae482e03a796b41,吃起来脆甜香酥MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7egmh4mr2giZ2xpbGi,别有风味496a91e6ec67552d88625c3c07e4ddca737a0190。糖瓜分有芝麻的和没芝麻的两种MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egmh4mr2giZ6ytb2i,用糖做成甜瓜形或北瓜形08bc58202d861d1d3e0d351cd139bf54203c554e,中心是空的cf435a268582a9e584e7394280ae8ddf00ff43e7,皮厚不及五分MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7egmh4mr2gjKuyqK2i,虽大小不同MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7egmh4mr2gjKy9qLWi,但成交仍以分量计算282a82cf8cd26938c4dc14e7e68a81d4,大的糖瓜有重一二斤的4a0608ee2c2022b7956f6399166417e1,不过用作幌子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7egmh4mr2gjGW9taWi,买的人很少MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtrCXjY18m7GKfGiwoqGi3a287a6fd728ad7c958b079b2423d8a490e2c3aa

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7egmh4mr2dkZ6xuL2i

 

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