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盘点小年要做的传统习俗

小年的到来也代表着春节离我们越来越近了738520a2e232d5328eb7084e9b76d852,南北方的小年虽然差了一天f39f6721fe6c5e1e63cca04c58eabe9389a9ea58,但是很多习俗却是通用的9e6bd5d6bd9450baf2e7611904fb8b79f0feae00,下面我们就一起来看看小年有哪些传统习俗640abacbd0fd79ccc93421ab41c29bc1e75e061dNWIwNzQ4OWJkMmY2ZQ==

小年的传统习俗有哪些IzViMDc0ODliZDMwZTA=

祭灶王JTViMDc0ODliZDMyNDk=

小年这天JDViMDc0ODliZDY4YzU=,也是民间祭灶的日子a03c57f861aac9e4e378e24af7795268e7fcf72e。民间传说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpsaUg3qemr53kGiwuLWi,每年腊月二十三8d7a23f5550f39d3ccab2ec545ff85f69714a46f,灶王爷都要上天向玉皇大帝禀报这家人的善恶211673b1a9c510349b7ce5ae0b13834f,让玉皇大帝赏罚MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsaUg3qemr56jZ68y7Gi。因此送灶时a37016f7a05bc2e5d5437523ce05263550273314,人们在灶王像前的桌案上供放糖果、清水、料豆、秣草;其中55bd5e517b7f3b913c9d81809c5be761,后三样是为灶王升天的坐骑备料JTViMDc0ODliZGYwNjI=。祭灶时8f94f3757bc0d27f672533a83d926552,还要把关东糖用火融化MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2E3LSYg418nLKtgK2w2KGi,涂在灶王爷的嘴上7d6b9f98188a1d2093b3ce1c222834ee。这样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUg3qemr53mq28y8-i,他就不能在玉帝那里讲坏话了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsaUg3qemr56kKyw262iJDViMDc0ODliZDMzYzg=

0f9db9316e6dbbe55bbb9dc4841f3217

a7640724c52063a3e3706302ed671e842f2b0840

 声明:图片来源网络JjViMDc0ODliZDc2NzE=,如有侵权6c30d66cf7b46e32ba5c39769750d111b3146dd4,敬请告知JTViMDc0ODliZDM4MWY=

QDViMDc0ODliZDM5ODY=

另外XjViMDc0ODliZDc5NjU=,大年三十的晚上f7e25166f6f186ff0d9d132827f033eb17929383,灶王还要与诸神来人间过年JTViMDc0ODliZDdjNzI=,那天还得有“接灶”、“接神”的仪式XjViMDc0ODliZGY0ZTk=。等到家家户户烧轿马61c2831848a4c65c5fb9d55da126e59c,洒酒三杯XjViMDc0ODliZDdmNzQ=,送走灶神以后8c36249c08ef97dab1177e705143bd53,便轮到祭拜祖宗5ceecc884268e4e70eb432885d2f8b3fbd17c54fMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsaUg3qemr53hGi9pcei

吃饺子IzViMDc0ODliZDNjNWU=

北方的每个节日几乎都会有饺子的身影c3a5d4c29e875f0b5fc730475642764237d1491e,小年夜吃饺子54b781f693213813cc913cf45bdfdaef,取意“送行饺子迎风面”NWIwNzQ4OWJkZjdlYg==。山区多吃糕和荞面18a0048581473896e9af71391d04e61459746c99。晋东南地区6361843541c96d9222fd6ac9fa544b7e6810f28c,流行吃炒玉米的习俗NWIwNzQ4OWJkODZlYg==,民谚有“二十三41102b16badc7eb79f1ef882dcf7aa127675a278,不吃炒JDViMDc0ODliZDhhMDI=,大年初—一锅倒”的说法1d9402cc8d67b1873413285dffde4847。人们喜欢将炒玉米用麦芽糖粘结起来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUg3qemr53n5uxtcui,冰冻成大块66b6159d510a184461ff70fd61ecb0a4,吃起来酥脆香甜MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2E3LSYg418nL6ggGSysqGid1eba7c92d648f16f5a035bfddd7d71c

赶乱婚QDViMDc0ODliZDNmMjQ=

过了二十三NWIwNzQ4OWJkOGU5MA==,民间认为诸神上了天JjViMDc0ODliZDkwMGM=,百无禁忌14a3b3a9fc8113573c0680d3a11ef096。娶媳妇、聘闺女不用择日子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUg3qemr53oqqxzqmi,称为赶乱婚1eed3cbbe9b79f6ee87a1f6f6845162d。民谣有“岁晏乡村嫁娶忙JjViMDc0ODliZDkzMTI=,宜春帖子逗春光717a96807a49fbd3569e39da97b104bf43502424。灯前姊妹私相语MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUg3qemr53oq2xy8ei,守岁今年是洞房”的说法MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUg3qemr6HeKuxtc-ife682cf39d0126b729f59768981e720b572dac9f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUg3qemr53iKq8k62i

96f0bcad2caa194f0f6c2610415640e076d9b680

fb92f157487699c7cfe93f8acf575433dde49ec3

贴窗花MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUg3qemr53iGO9uLGi

剪贴窗花是最盛行的民俗活动79bf4256a818332186f612ed34727ebf。内容有各种动、植物等掌故a5f33194486e09e8d5fb7b8b3e8e6c10,如喜鹊登梅a3578d407ed3a1acc2a4d1fd4852ef5266438523,孔雀戏牡丹  MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUg3qemr53oma9y6Wi,狮子滚绣球3124b074e2005e4ddc6f760d1c89b7832aeac16a,三羊(阳)开泰65e1d66f666c287c15d6d30594442c6f9e16363f,二龙戏珠NWIwNzQ4OWJkOWRiOA==,鸳鸯戏水等等IzViMDc0ODliZTA1Nzc=。贴上窗花寓意着新的一年越来越好NWIwNzQ4OWJlMDZmYw==。剪好窗花后贴在打扫一新的屋子里4e9322360b4b7f4673648fdabe52d169,自然为家中增添不少喜气045a9a34ac78532ce93b78417a7357563e698c46fc6b746b135194285bbae928cb81f82a

扫尘6ac68e82c7b8a545960880b830264560

“尘”与“陈”谐音XjViMDc0ODliZGEwZGE=,故而扫尘旨在除旧迎新581a9b31344f24f5afdb405515df8980,拔除不祥MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUg3qemr6HeGe9y72i。扫帚将墙壁上下扫干净、擦洗桌椅、冲洗地面等MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsaUg3qemr56fKy8uK2i,各家各户都要不留死角地彻底清扫MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2E3LSYg418nL2HiKy9oqGi,做到窗明几净MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUg3qemr6HeZux272i。同时小年的这一天a05d5e5b897ff9ef882b76b9399b4796,也有“有钱没钱334194af1cce3d6ba0b5699dd76345b1,剃头过年”的说法MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpsaUg3qemr6HeZy9uL2i。在北京3e70462120149abadcdf70e0c3324331868e9c75,通常把腊月二十四日定为“扫房日”QDViMDc0ODliZTBlOTA=NWIwNzQ4OWJkNGEyNQ==

小年吃点这些食物db061d5981a25185fd91c2d51dab0c24

年粽MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUg3qemr53iZy9y72i

南宁人有过小年吃“年粽”的习俗JTViMDc0ODliZGFiMzc=,年粽是新年吉祥的象征d88b6896c53d6e531222407ac4b0ef11e8c95e9b,俗话说:“年粽年粽QDViMDc0ODliZGFkZjE=,年年高中(粽)”ITViMDc0ODliZTEwMTA=。年粽跟端午节的凉粽不一样JDViMDc0ODliZGFmNWI=,它有馅e17ad277fe7c902731f3d0c4a42240f0,有大有小NWIwNzQ4OWJkYjIxMg==,有长有短b222d0fb958cf9e1cfbb0b13379389436dfec002,有圆有扁MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsaUg3qemr6HfKqxy7mi。剥去叶子后82a97c9267a7e3e1956191ea22297e7b,皮是糯米bf8f81e5c850ce9f27f7d061701edd25,馅是绿豆和猪肉JTViMDc0ODliZGI3NzM=,也有人放自己喜欢的食品做馅料MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsaUg3qemr6HfKu9qLmib25dbc3b9f3c5b58a848c5a4d39ad79f

米饼6c0ffbbeb3ba6d96329eb16c639c6da3

农历腊月廿三JjViMDc0ODliZGI4ZDM=,民间俗称“小年”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsaUg3qemr56gGiwy6mi,广西武宣、桂平等地民间有做米饼的习俗58cee42a2a285b6a108a664377e8b860。米饼是用糯米粉作主料QDViMDc0ODliZGJiYzA=,花生、芝麻、白糖作配料MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpsaUg3qemr56gZ2wtbmi,放入模具打制成圆形950900b8808097f23b8d21076ec1f9ee6e4f48d3,再经高温蒸熟IzViMDc0ODliZGMwMzE=,吃起来别有风味a5aedb47d9c8e826c34141a170e18157,有“团团圆圆”的寓意160b06bed4491014b2166d72dc4b1e5e628997e8JTViMDc0ODliZDUxZmE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUg3qemr53jKyxtaWi

ITViMDc0ODliZDU0ZjM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsaUg3qemr53jGSxpcui

杀年猪cd525903cf33f757b63da725e1ca79623e1445ba

恭城瑶族自治县莲花的兰洞、西岭的新河、观音的水滨山寨等地MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpsaUg3qemr56hKywqLGi,都有杀猪过春节的习俗JTViMDc0ODliZTE3OTg=。过了小年夜(农历十二月二十三)cb50e01cb27e90ba2f5d391e9f3a2e59841d83c2,那杀年猪的热闹戏就算开台了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpsaUg3qemr6HfGa9uLmi。挑选出最好的肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpsaUg3qemr56hGSwpbWi,或炒或炖0accc9ab22be6c6906a452d1d0b7e1b6,精心烹饪NWIwNzQ4OWJkYzkzYw==,再满满斟上一杯酒KjViMDc0ODliZGNhYmI=,邀请亲朋好友共享年猪宰杀后的第一顿鲜肉——庖汤MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUg3qemr6HfGixy8-ie7acabc55a111c2378bceeb7cd0b28c32db676cc

麻糖JTViMDc0ODliZDViMDk=

cd06794d0e7829decfeee83131d2de678326660c

晋西北有“二十三吃麻糖JDViMDc0ODliZGNjM2U=,吃不上麻糖啃指头”的俗话JDViMDc0ODliZTFjMTA=。据说c02801ee1498489a778d2be8f571627f,小年是灶神上天的日子01f76168a4977051e865fe1f71a555cc,他上天要向天帝报告一年来人间的衣食用度及其它天帝想要了解的事KjViMDc0ODliZTFkOTY=。也就是灶神的述职日?吃麻糖就是想让这灶神的嘴巴被糖给粘住张不开435b550e4597cfbf84f2d39f5e87031f,不能把人间的美味奢华的情景禀报给天MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2E3LSYg418nL53fKuxyKGi,以免得爱吃喝的人们受到处罚——新年带来饥荒MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsaUg3qemr56iKyytbGi,期盼有一个平安的丰年到来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpsaUg3qemr6HfZ69uLGic1f73a3a9952aab580fee7d9962d81f2

糖瓜b05aae13312fe98966fab5cb7a7d1ed965abab05

灶糖是一种麦芽糖MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpsaUg3qemr56iGOwqLmi,粘性很大IzViMDc0ODliZGQ2Yjc=,把它抽为长条型的糖棍称为“关东糖”5de7fa5ed8ba5a6384ebdaecfc0f12b0,拉制成扁圆型就叫做“糖瓜”df6923ef3733cac303469e950572fe14。冬天把它放在屋外450665eb88619a38ac76b9089f3b62ae84b3e18a,因为天气严寒3bd76956ce506194bc479501e1d9abda,糖瓜凝固得坚实而里边又有些微小的气泡ITViMDc0ODliZGRjZDU=,吃起来脆甜香酥33686f6debd45e296e99e6ea5908c8f7,别有风味fdf20e4d556bf21c2776bd6a23c78740948c205e。糖瓜分有芝麻的和没芝麻的两种df32610f08b70bbc83ee7c228fc98c62,用糖做成甜瓜形或北瓜形ITViMDc0ODliZGUxNWI=,中心是空的707ca7bd585274441d9d63632b1e87b819337783,皮厚不及五分IzViMDc0ODliZGU0NWQ=,虽大小不同MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpsaUg3qemr56jGO8y62i,但成交仍以分量计算MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpsaUg3qemr56jGWwzrGi,大的糖瓜有重一二斤的416b4f5f7ed67ab40649563d8859b752,不过用作幌子JTViMDc0ODliZGVhNGM=,买的人很少ae637089eddeb54a7973ebd9e9364fedJjViMDc0ODliZDYxMmU=

ea8cab665de2bcfdd75ab80b080cb77121f20c1e

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