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你辛苦养大的蛙儿子,日本人却把它当老公!他们是怎么想的?

IzViMDVlYTk0M2MxNzE=

从没想过我会有这么一天:每天静静地守护着一只蛙MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbKKiK29qLWi,看它吃饭、看书、写信、削木头、旅行KjViMDVlYTk0NzA2NjI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbFlhKu8zr2i

122abcd0dda0dd66923cd0d9171ff0323cc63101

蛙从来都没和我说过一句话429750582252cf6462fdd0e1efeb92ce,更没叫过我妈妈f5f235b55f1c3d1e0a50f7d756de0d1d,但我心甘情愿564e88df48fed94b0e334426cbab129dd2737653ffa2d5e10249401c6ab5af39f1faeb32

IzViMDVlYTk0M2M2Zjk=

XjViMDVlYTk0M2M4NTk=

0e6979209173107a3487f078a1319fcddec17855

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbFlhGi9zrWi

76901d23a25b070d1740d862962d962bf82315c8

直到有一天1c80af29ef2e4052102083ecabd8baa5,游戏设计师告诉我:蛙是老公MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKteGewk7miMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbFlhZ2827Gi

af7e86d5eccadb3bc460bf7ca009012028c3a2ff

10008007d66f48a886ac98032f0c19d3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbFliKq8k7mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbFliKywy6mi

于是746a38ea2c76b1220fa44efa2b2fbd09b8989267,我愤怒的按下了卸载键291e01cdb24ca78525db8113b0da159c,和蛙永远说再见MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKteGi8k72i68b9feededb7d470030c14cd60d21124

facc3a51597b04a794243f7aeab1b16ca3e15224

JTViMDVlYTk0M2Q3NmU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbFliGa826mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbFliGiwzr2i

fd9f4510c2bc36445a84eeb9f7f7041f05e6897b

然鹅a1dc53c0e7f30722aa6e32843a42cbd46c0a040d,今天旅行青蛙设计师又辟谣了:旅行青蛙最初的设定不是思念丈夫31b8110a3bcf2f6802ae9f7f98bedb91,那些是日本网友的游戏反馈fc1727ecf5b1a39dc559b3800118d212421728f9,当然也不一定是盼儿归来KjViMDVlYTk0NWUyYTE=,希望玩家可以自由发挥043feacd534c81ddc83f034d327b32547ae2b885,把青蛙想象成任何角色e4b508686ae3eef969b7f0e8e92db87e4fb67343NWIwNWVhOTQzZGQyMw==

3b28356a349e104cf54313ffbd3749f3

e5e2d60ed40e14eb21a1b6a73eb53951

ITViMDVlYTk0M2UxMzA=

490e9087f97c5f01ad6cb0171e4f4b0a

为什么日本玩家和中国玩家ITViMDVlYTk0NWU1YTk=,养的蛙不是“同一种”?MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDq76HgZ-woqGi

接下来你将看到:db03b50d81fe9af2ec2369aeef421aa945e1ad64

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbFljGSyuK2i

   ● 呱儿子还是野男人?   XjViMDVlYTk0M2U4MjE=

   ● 丧失了姓名的妻子   ITViMDVlYTk0M2U5N2I=

   ● 总被时代抛弃的女性   e336b39540d73c16d8f548d14b170086

   ● 家庭主妇=不灭的职业QDViMDVlYTk0M2VjMmI=

不养蛙也不养娃的特约编辑/雪竹536026b38834dd07eb8d7476245aae7c578e48b0

5fd3bff5453d495eced8bf576f82c6880ba06e9d

KjViMDVlYTk0M2YwMzc=

821bb8f854e21119f3c5c33d34829767bee3d924

呱儿子还是野男人?1ccf93aa11385906207d2d17e6e9fbdd

c639bb5b6d44b7c10760ce0ba1bf3cdb43bec5d3

3f0c4c68900c9764b5fca8bf6fd49cb5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDq76djaCxsqGi

这段时间12d654b5bdde52944e8b7f990309659efd83f356,许多女生以及部分男性都陷入了“是花钱养男人还是花钱养蛙”的纠结中971b8cef758c810feda6b2c47338f49b8bab2e9aMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbFlkGaxzrmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbFlkGe9tcui

JTViMDVlYTk0M2ZiOTE=

NWIwNWVhOTQzZmQxNw==

直到《旅行青蛙》的设计师表态JTViMDVlYTk0NWU4YTE=,青蛙的原型寄托了对丈夫的思念c8ba22ad91abdb5ebdcd158660102e57a909e221d3d546676a35ab4790b6a68300ace53d

KjViMDVlYTk0NDAwMGY=

在日本1a45434bc1cd89554a816f0e6a06b574,青蛙有平安归家的寓意ecf9de467babd16f37bfc2a7120ac8c57e69c2abMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3eKqxy7Wi

79a267334a5d5af9552f172a1cdcdc8610f012d5

这下好了3a3878494e5e21cee40e5b9a2012f0f5ba382f5c,不用纠结了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKKjZ2wpbmi,不是呱儿子QDViMDVlYTk0NWVlYTU=,都是野男人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtfKuw28ei00a467f756ab0f2bcf12ee5c3e05fd45629a4812

c603231e188cab95fbe39373edd8b37b

看到蛙又交上了新朋友ITViMDVlYTk0NWYwMzI=,不再露出老母亲般慈祥的微笑MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKKkKqypcei,而是痛骂:我天天在家门前挖草供你MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbKKkKu9zr2i,你天天出门招蜂引蝶?86987a169b3d23b9d00bcea89c866d5e

JDViMDVlYTk0NDA5NTM=

JDViMDVlYTk0NDBhZDA=

d308a67763e0ffcbef6acd39577284b8

20b82bcac8a59b578e66d3245d04a99f

后来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbKKkK2x272i,当事人跳出来解释MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKKkGO9zq2i,开发者的初衷只是想设计一款旅行放置类游戏e57cc162266da6dbd0cb2399aaaee1e4,至于把蛙当成儿子还是丈夫c5af4d40877261a4882b1e482b881840ee237440MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3eZ-wy7mi

aeb7603f38afa4cb1148449e26609e1d14d25d52

全看玩家的理解MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtfKy828-iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3fKuwuLWi

JDViMDVlYTk0NDEzYzA=

由于文化差异ITViMDVlYTk0NWZhOTk=,中国女性觉得青蛙是儿子a239a2d5d3673e5065f089eef470168de082e6d7,日本女性认为青蛙更像是丈夫KjViMDVlYTk0NzE1NzE=JjViMDVlYTk0NDE1M2M=

85e106a6a3520e1df67e669873039308

回头看看游戏的各种设置:6eb1237755d733ed7df44a9f6c52c171692a1f6e

723b0fa3636a95d14d1233fe702ad982

你天天干家务(收割四叶草、给蛙做饭、给蛙打包行李、招待蛙的朋友);6ab2db9f46c5a49b663d9df140fd23fe

你能观察到蛙在家里的一举一动MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKKkZ2xy8-i,却没什么交流;MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3fZy8tbGi

蛙离家之后24702cf667bde08d8ab4ad06d985259790d0a742,在外面招蜂引蝶f430c8e6cf7a422f9a6fb358474cf0ac,你还天天惦记着他KjViMDVlYTk0NjAyMTg=,盼着他早些回家KjViMDVlYTk0NzE2ZmE=ebc70e0b07c55735604ff0c24e1ca523

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3fZ-yuLmi

这不就是养了个祖宗吗?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3gKqwy8ui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3gKuyuL2i

只不过7e3a07b3d36b2765b6385b25f47d8c849afa016f,在中国XjViMDVlYTk0NjA1MTI=,祖宗是孩子;在日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdeGSxy8ei,祖宗是丈夫89e6b5b872ab7f4834acb9a084cf005d0386e89a925ff440a2788bbd1cf4d1f52dfade716d2fa5cc

9707d6fa177381acdd086d23f9e11b2e26191ff0

5cdc948fccfb59d6145097ac30e7bd53

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3gGa8uL2i

JDViMDVlYTk0NDJhNTA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3gZu8tbmi

虽然干得不多JjViMDVlYTk0NjA4MTY=,但在中国646e146a8983352afcc080632ec76087,一点家务不做的男性恐怕是极少数IzViMDVlYTk0NzE5ZjI=ITViMDVlYTk0NDJkNmI=

243721aef5eb16b1cb382e1ab61ee153b3d0fa81

就算不做饭49285dc14279c02c1e35665464f70fa36db9020c,起码还知道洗个碗!MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDYbGgkGSysqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3hKq9qLGi

而在日本KjViMDVlYTk0NjBjOTQ=,根据日本内阁府大臣官房政府情报室的调查6250b0438772751d4a6b8092e7f42796131cdab1,只有 5.2%的丈夫会帮忙打扫房间、做饭的占 2.1%、饭后收拾餐具、刷碗的也仅有占4.6%MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtfZuxpcui457a26bd7c9feb446e5095898c360bcb8a462c76

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3hK29paWi

有趣的是f96d00de2f24ad214cb699e74500854e,在认为家务活应该由女性自己做的人中ead795508228295948ee94ed42547954,所有年龄层的女性赞同比例都高于男性c0424f19f89d4daec1dcf5a4b5dabe46994f01baMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3hGSw262i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3hGWyqK2i

特别在已婚女性中这一现象更加突出MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDZLGKgZ29sqGi78915018acd420ba7ed979f73e1c0267

553adfa73bbb2bd15e6df7ceae874c75f9b1c5ed

这符合我们心目中传统日本妻子的形象:成婚后冠夫姓、退出社会生活、照顾丈夫的生活起居、生育后承担凡乎所有的育儿工作、承担家务劳作MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKdfK2wqLWi,同时在家里地位低下6d733aa3d2c2621195ee986110343772,对丈夫言听计从MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKtfZ6xtaWi750e3ac122182453737ab1689624e5f2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3hZy9y7Gi

91b63d0c2362ee682d8d67ba01abe66438459720

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3hZ-8tbGi

JTViMDVlYTk0NDQxMDY=

● 日剧《昼颜》MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3iKuxta2i

4a16914fcb272c75d04a4cb364a61828

形成如此独特的夫妻关系c13eddc110e174e6bd9bf9b7800da35f,原因有三点:日本特有的婚姻观、日本传统的社会观念MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdfGaypc-i,以及对现实的妥协MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtfZ-9pbWicb2ab47162649d8fdde4d7afbdebecb079baa732

112543c98bf513f94cf5208e0f6c2e2a

3564199197a5b7ba9085ddcab03816ff

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3iGewpcei

丧失了姓名的妻子4c488875a8503d8b00745d1899a77e34316dfc3e

8107bf300e0d7ae7bcb0e1fdf24aa4e2

026da6537992407869c46ec76e1e83238e32ed95

从微博上粉丝的留言能看出来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdfGiwpbWi,大家之所以不接受蛙是老公的设定QDViMDVlYTk0NjFiYTA=,最大的原因正在于招蜂引蝶这一点MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbKtgKqxqLmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDYbJ6iGew2KGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3iZ-9tbWi

JjViMDVlYTk0NDUxNWE=

254930e033d56b7582e7ce8aa2fe4428236746ec

84a87c7425d5759b34cdc0e76361a36e

● 对于出轨的蛙94bbbad8c110417fa09f48287d084645,中国粉丝的反应14ef884e8b671900f21a6d6fa5f43af9abef0a3b

cb2b0021b6ae4786e734e9ff8a6dee6c

难道日本妻子不会被这种丈夫气死吗?536448d5c4f38eee716f06bd3a2419e635c5c2bf

492a19ba5d1b5297a905af888183ee2a

还真不会4e2d076fe5e70f780f54f4ebebb25a377f164454MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3jZuw272i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3jZy8ta2i

著名社会学家傅高义在调查日本工薪族时就发现了这个问题MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtgK2xy62iMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDYbKKiKu9yKGi

fe5ed347511331e69d752ff5fadeb129

日本工薪族的妻子曾告诉他MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKdfZ6xk62i,丈夫有婚外情更好da09705298344b1631b2397f8dda6acb。有了婚外情60c378bb6e029aa81e52e31634ddd31fd2586095,丈夫心里有愧ITViMDVlYTk0NjIxOTQ=,反而更温和f6a34e7f6adc2548d6cef83f41a478706ae9e4e7,更容易相处了8ba79da6080a4b59466cf9cc862a3326aefeb993MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3kKqxpami

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3kKu8272i

傅高义还发现JjViMDVlYTk0NjI0OGI=,一九五八年日本禁止卖淫以前fb20f41552e96f7a761c97cb802dd8fe5a06f300,相当多的妻子支持卖淫合法存续IzViMDVlYTk0NjI3OGQ=,理由是她们的丈夫需要排解7820b62868a44726bbcf6d1aa64c7fb9MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3kK2xpa2i

4f5fb11d56736601a8e8d2afb47f209c43cad8d3

323b5977d266cab8d446d80591c8ce7b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3kGayqLmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3kGiwtbmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3kZuypcei

对日本人来说14ee567245547fb2cdc0bcd1fe942dab65c6e5826c6d0b00cf56ac7f6be1dcf063dd2e0b5891ebb1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3kZ6xuLWi

结婚和恋爱是两码事JTViMDVlYTk0NzJhOGU=ab2d78c9d9de6f74659b960a144b5dea

KjViMDVlYTk0NDcxNGM=

结婚的真正目的是生儿育女、传宗交代37e442d98ca17ba5dc122c09b80dd86c803ef9a7,其他任何目的b8059a05f846e98c5ea91573ba5ab12b,只能曲解结婚的真实含义MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKtgZu9tbWiQDViMDVlYTk0NDcyYzc=

0524a247b94114a0915d61f18e5e2867123e5f94

日本有三句传统的结婚誓言:ITViMDVlYTk0NDc1YTE=

cf2bdfa94b231907244458d2f98b188e

“你愿意为我做味增汤吗?”(俺のみそ汁を作ってくれない)QDViMDVlYTk0NDc4ODI=

“你愿意和我埋在一起吗?”(俺と一緒のお墓に入らない)9b9ba9b5d08ba5c49cc1bc655432dd25

“我们一起变老吧MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtgZ2xy8-i。”(一緒に年をとろうよ)434f984766f3fb7f708bde9792196eb2MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3m5uxpbWi

JjViMDVlYTk0NDdjYzI=

想必许多中国女性没法接受这种结婚誓言186b74a3cf2640e8cf9d9e0ffb6cbd9d,尤其是第一句MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdgZ-wqLmi,听到后恨不得一碗味增汤泼男方脸上KjViMDVlYTk0NzMwODc=d3162993572b07ab3680369f9e23cb98

d669b15bd141c7d5d4d21e136edb5bc3

NWIwNWVhOTQ0ODExOQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3nquxzq2i

3277f6be1b3f3c33de34866fd2a0cc28

● 日本电影《小花的味增汤》1b6a8d88ead58d3c75a48814cc13211a063ace0b

KjViMDVlYTk0NDg2ZDg=

但对日本人来说b055718970c04e7736ba0bd32054f1dd41434a26,这正是结婚的意义:不是为了爱情、不是为了浪漫MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdhKuwtbWi,而是为了找到归宿、为了安稳MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKthKq9qLmi8e40a6bb3b2c2485c12ec10dd4e7bede

0b5abc270d098a2e412e4a8c4d55a2570cbaca9b

如果婚姻不是爱情的最终形态MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdhKyyqK2i,而是一种生活方式MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdhGOwpbGi,当作消遣出轨几次JTViMDVlYTk0NjM2YTg=,似乎也不是不可原谅的事情IzViMDVlYTk0NzMzOTQ=MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDYbN6fKu9oqGi

43e92f0d286ee394c7bfd093535cec39cc2688b2

XjViMDVlYTk0NDhlMTI=

ITViMDVlYTk0NDhmNzg=

0c10f172f411944c4cc90065865897ba

从对夫妻的称呼MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdhGW9zrmi,能看出中日婚姻观的差别ee8eecbfeef01fb094af512a029a33b30dbc7ae30105c25062209f9d1254cc21

884a6e099213a7adfc82aa372582bca3

在中国012dfd80a81e95c26469212a5f4e75308add2763,无论是妻子还是丈夫MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKdhGi9y7mi,有八成以上的人都会用名字或者昵称叫对方18529b11c91740fb4f47c96b44a3cd1ac6b998f8MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ3omOwzq2i

ITViMDVlYTk0NDk2YTk=

中国的夫妻用“孩儿他爸”、“孩儿他妈”这类称呼的并不会太多c587f3b47c1b0b2a61a299faba420aa8MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ3omW9zqmi

0cca2dadabdda68128d85d4d7f0f5194

就算结婚了1baaffc7de3b2c2c05b7f1ae49328631152c1471,丈夫和妻子都还是独立的个体4792d28d55e91495001cf9101c8515f173bca4e7,婚姻关系带来的身份转变并没有影响个人的存在感9f85f61535a88a4d235de95c3ff6b85568656671a3a94946e739e4bcb202c113

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDYbOKgGSwoqGi

NWIwNWVhOTQ0OWRkOQ==

d0ec5ec6fbc1d1a1fb484ba696be42262e05741a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDYbOKkGi9yKGi

JTViMDVlYTk0NGEyNmE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6fKy8zq2i

而在日本94470269c93cd8f551711614e17de1b1566e06d7,夫妻间最常用的称呼是“爸爸”“妈妈”ITViMDVlYTk0NzNhZTY=891b0c17f417a4f8c8c05c205c6ed344

QDViMDVlYTk0NGE2ZDc=

妻子叫丈夫“爸爸”的比例是丈夫叫妻子“妈妈”的差不多两倍87c8e467fbf7c8d213b272b160fe6778c11c16acMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6fGawy8-i

ITViMDVlYTk0NGE5YjI=

日本语言学家铃木孝夫认为2e84e3ec69ece1bf24115d6bc87d3e4c3080f88d,“爸爸”“妈妈”使得丈夫变成了孩子的父亲MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdiKux27Gi,妻子变成了孩子的母亲dea4413d867dc5c943e752c5b1eaa177c29ec7ae1dfb295ff7a5aad00a35bbe12e269c44

NWIwNWVhOTQ0YWNhYg==

丈夫和妻子成了承担某种任务的角色JTViMDVlYTk0NjQ0MWY=,这种角色并不会因个人的意志为转移e3e0cebd282647135655f216bab34c60cb60780036135659516c19df7e08c5f623db08937d20e5d0

ba90dfc8f05d444bbffc6545d8fee06b

正因为如此XjViMDVlYTk0NjQ1YTc=,爸爸和妈妈之间的关系比丈夫和妻子之间的关系有更高的稳定性MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKthaCx26miMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbJ6faC8k62i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6gKuxtbmi

b2369e8ee1c3cc84bf1e2d2c5ea6b81e

bf74b31f6b016c65d86226a5e2f6770219b2ca1d

JDViMDVlYTk0NGI2Y2U=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6gGawuL2i

日本丈夫会直接用名字叫妻子f99760234d6bab5a9ba0c64528a233b3,但妻子从不会直呼丈夫的名字;有四分之一的丈夫甚至会用“喂”这种显得粗鲁无礼的词来称呼妻子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtiKq9tceifbf04cbd3ed7ac6a494b4754f75ae093

ff005d6972648de03d782f431f3a5658

在外人前MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDY7J3mmi82KGi,丈夫将自己的妻子称为“家内”(请注意59424730d8e6f7492f179b7bd75c3bb3b8c9095c,这是日语MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKtiKyxpa2i。字面意思:家庭内部)IzViMDVlYTk0NzQ1MDA=7443d13fe4275e8b4915be24c5bfa55d3f009c23

23c4cf40b1692034f775db01aa76db23

朋友和熟人用“奥さん”(字面意思:待在后面即家里的人)称呼别人的妻子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdiZuyta2i,仿佛妻子天生就该待在家里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtiGSxuK2iKjViMDVlYTk0NGJmNjE=

7f26773f7236debd42bc0b4881db6a9c

其实57fe09278ba059171d0e63cf748dce5e,在泡沫经济前ea1e5f04c18961355da159b90f72d9c90ee9ef6c,日本社会对女性的要求一直都是好好经营家庭JDViMDVlYTk0NjUwM2M=,全力支持丈夫工作JjViMDVlYTk0NzQ4MDA=f73a71828b8c33fd586135826190d72f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6hKy8ta2i

8b21df8049a07b54ca0c1590b8f54ff9f432b4b8

总被时代抛弃的女性ea07eba7d76cf34f41daff7fd0fd4ac63bcb01fb

cbcfcab29e1a2e762e57cd6bb03d9f147750fbff

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6hGexy7Gi

d4889cee991318ba32c773bb619735cb1eaa0505

在不少亚洲国家a091f733a5a2df3e9b3791b579cd1b53c6ed4548,提到男尊女卑1a2eb344587dd930b1d9f959ac20818f,跑不了儒家思想的影响JTViMDVlYTk0NzQ5NmQ=72f6060b1b016c7aa44f5aa73e6bb88d

bd6a87783afe6581d06d7c0f6fd490f9

特别是曾向中国虚心学习过的日本NWIwNWVhOTQ3NGFlZA==4e7b0c7adc8e2195b6ffabfe3190af61

8ec02c0b4036c42805c560d4f959366a4f7583b8

江户时代7f8ae59c153a6c430ee49f20a0c56cd9ecf0a871,日本的儒学者贝原益轩编写的《女大学》作为最权威和最知名的女性修身书被社会广泛采纳 659af704d2ddce79f82de1296c4a7ccc8f521a88641091f930a337571824e0880a6831a8

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6iKyxy72i

贝原益轩的论调听起来很耳熟eed539d78e5d15dcd81ffde8c6c086d0,和中国某些女德班差不了多少:“虽然丈夫喝酒、玩女人、骂妻子、责备孩子、吃喝嫖赌无所不干22e4ad36756cd1dda487eab88cae1a3c,但妻子还是应该服从丈夫、伺候这个不负责任的男性XjViMDVlYTk0NzRkY2Y=。如有意见ed4a782e5557cbcae64db366c4a72d4288cf7f53,妻子也应该很和气地对丈夫提出c35ac7a559f2d0752d26871e94becc6a6debc578。”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6iK28k7Wi

04feae09b6d5e5ba9aa0bf6cc3f9e30c

贝原益轩认为7cb6eb25a7151797bef9857030b12c14a1ff817c,女性应当遵守 “三从”、“四德”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbKdjZywqLmi,即 “未嫁从父”、“既嫁从夫”、 “夫死从子 ”2c241d088ab98dbd57f1effc70c5d117, “妇德 ”、 “妇言”、 “妇容”、 “妇工”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtiaCytamiITViMDVlYTk0NGQ3Y2E=

9f5be8c1b01e6345e370b0802eff6668033db86f

做女人XjViMDVlYTk0NjVmM2Q=,最重要的是顺从ITViMDVlYTk0NzUyMTE=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6iGiypami

e554de8da4269678ddffff8bc309c868

XjViMDVlYTk0NGRkN2E=

KjViMDVlYTk0NGRlZTU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6iaCw272i

● 女德班的“训诫”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6jKq8y6mi

ITViMDVlYTk0NGUzNDc=

和中国一样fd84b625b4a6eb90a240065e671e35cd,得先生和赛先生的到来曾让日本女性的地位稍微提高了那么一丢丢2f37169474a9102650d5ce4939e7bdf1KjViMDVlYTk0NGU0Yzk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6jGSwuLGi

印在一万日元上的福泽谕吉曾对《女大学》进行严厉的抨击a9084d9db35722d55427579551f850c4a2e3865b62d4d6026ed1201198a1d1f3b880fd3913c1e086

KjViMDVlYTk0NGU5Mjg=

庆应大学创立者福泽谕吉质问道:在社会上凭武力抢夺他人的东西8378ee12add94ea23df64aad4d1e2a33,或者损坏他人的名誉KjViMDVlYTk0NjYzYjM=,我们把他们叫做“罪人”QDViMDVlYTk0NjY1M2Y=,而且根据情况他们会被判刑714061aef8c43daabfd2d8d17c85430ad815ee62a96aa31fe0dfd68e455f9b93c76a5e79

3d160c373a82e9b5b7a2b0e3fd47d22472553952

然而JjViMDVlYTk0NjY2Y2U=,为什么社会对女性被羞辱的现象无动于衷?为什么社会不指责男性?JTViMDVlYTk0NGVkNzU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6jZ68272i

之后0fd2ae9f6c8e603be7ef9d07ea8ae8f1,女性运动的小火苗被战争浇灭了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKtjGW8k7mi4b6b7b0b8de6ab9bfa8873ca8bc5e780

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6kKqytcei

战争年代c8521886997a6f676f976242a074507c0f9d9b2e,因为生理差别e55615ab489eea080cbdd912446a7683,男性成为主力中的主力MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDZLKHnmOx2KGiJjViMDVlYTk0NGYzMjE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6kK2x27Gi

而女性9fe3ab3d75d8f7d239e8d16432b647fb63ef66ef,只能守在家里MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtjGi8zq2iKjViMDVlYTk0NGY2MDU=

XjViMDVlYTk0NGY3NmQ=

JDViMDVlYTk0NGY4ZTI=

c1752eaa76ae6361081a5b2be15c225c0df81f27

JDViMDVlYTk0NGZiYjI=

1882年 05e120fc8591bba01c45b895f935b397,日本文部省在教育通牒中对女子的教育方案进行了调整JTViMDVlYTk0NjZmY2E=,减去英语、数学、三角法三个科目b49f3a10c7419eaed313aeb48627f0770a806697,要求女性学习裁缝、家务、女礼、音乐JDViMDVlYTk0NzVjNGI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbJ6kZ2wpbGi

XjViMDVlYTk0NGZlYWE=

1890年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdmquytc-i,明治政府颁布了《明治宪法》6e4463ebb82c4bb52ab88ac1415782ee,这部宪法又被称为《大日本帝国宪法》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtjZ2yuLWi。听名字d8ce7d8a4c1451373ad4c74530088c9ac1d7e359,就能猜到这部宪法的性质KjViMDVlYTk0NzVmMzE=8216df20d179a168595f088e6b16ba55

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHeKqyuK2i

在该宪法体制下6bdb6a5eeff995d1bff8393c9a88a82ba82a71a0,不论女性是否拥有财产MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdmma9pcui,一律不给予参政权和公民权 3276f4fd601ad02375b04e98212e207a3ecfcd706d4b5b30f5b47b92a07e4b1bed9dd141

d736e33d098c320c374e9838dd2f636e698a1374

到 20世纪30年代2357718558aa3669f8888c94c54856353f2dfbb4,日本女性已经被称为 “军国的女性”c43b6d27be90d7f9bc645fca9f19817840c6fc57,日本的女性用语更是被冠以 “承担教育任务的母亲的语言”的名头 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtkKq9y8uiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHeGSxpbWi

KjViMDVlYTk0NTA3ZjU=

战败后430df522a783fc0f0755b7d9f489dc97dd706ffc,随着大批军人转业MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdm569tbGi,日本很快迎来了第一次“婴儿潮”23ce58e7fd5fce694444d369f27cf627,新生儿数量激增fbea41e7af77f9b33ad6b40b2964f9acd83d0e6cfd2eae00ed627ddec78c0236a56ef12d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKHeGi8uL2i

为照顾孩子JDViMDVlYTk0NjgyMGQ=,也为了给大批转业军人让出工作岗位JTViMDVlYTk0NjgzOGQ=,已婚女性从劳动市场中撤离88f15791d4138df61801808cda73ef63df77cd31,回归家庭26926068c66c6877c570ee9e92056952f801b1ff7f39aa69970eb0a8f0066b294c92e902

097e5a9c6b0dcb34b73e683d8548d8e95bc830ff

再往后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdnmSxuLmi,20世纪60年代MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdnmW9tcui,日本经济进入高速增长期MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtkGSwzrGi8363e4a0499acc21195148a4e6346ccdfcfcf7e5

KjViMDVlYTk0NTEwOGI=

为保证男性精力充沛地工作b810b4d05e380380fab3cda7ee449410c50fd4b9,日本再次掀起女性回归家庭的热潮ac63af09dab09c8e3c16f62a4f0d995ecd084b04,鼓励已婚女性离开工作岗位74eea32fd69a1fcb57f95945ffc3b366,回家做专职主妇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdn529qKmi,好好照顾老公JTViMDVlYTk0NzY3OWQ=a351d669043a70dc0f70f08d2bca51be0fbce4a9

KjViMDVlYTk0NTEzOTI=

NWIwNWVhOTQ1MTUwYg==

878c6c8b616fb92010ec62c678530867dda5a997

43a428ada31af24de259f7c60dc6fff332725b2b

NWIwNWVhOTQ1MTk3NQ==

虽然日本高等教育普及率很高(日本女性地位很大程度上是由受教育程度和寿命拉上去的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdn5-xy7mi,这一点和中日韩三国都一样)34bf79470d3dcbee3faa1e3b900ffd15,但在日本家长的教育意识中554226b67076c5d0ffc130a7cdf0324122cf0eab,依然存在着“男孩上4年制大学、女孩上短期大学”的固有观念6dc8352878d3b8ffaece616ef03059155164de1b369c3f32265b5b446b35f0c0b08707a2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHfZywzrmi

2012年的日本《学校基本调查》显示b77b4b8880b8840ac0fd0a687ed5a108d22f52af,女性占短期大学(大概类似于中国的大专)在学人数的88%306fc923248a74fbac3c8accbbefe45a14c844451dc1b7ab680d8bf5b1f3e122da7138308fd0cc01

2a5f6df1c79d1ca42d192fd2d1fbfcee

女大学生主要集中在教育和家政专业MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtkZuyuL2iKjViMDVlYTk0NTIwOGM=

QDViMDVlYTk0NTIxZjY=

换句话说MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdomOxk7Wi,读短期大学的目的是为了做个好老婆2d32469622e1f4733da4aa19285bc0354de4f60564163dbbfb918ada8429b2f09be4cc72

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHgK2828ui

6f200671b137a80bdaf8077c561c8559af1916c9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHgGW8tami

家庭主妇=不灭的职业MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHgGewqKmi

4b4e78b5db5b615d473bbc44d1772ad758a9e937

92b4004ba95371c6a67ba31018da5b14

a77a6dde9000e701da4825e1aa5784a8

在《日本新中产阶级》书成三十年后JjViMDVlYTk0Njk3Mzc=,傅高义当年的联合研究者重回日本5b01cf82ca836cc3c9c1e12e87ecd8a174e6d615MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHgZ68zqmi

KjViMDVlYTk0NTMwNTc=

她发现cf278a2d62f75ea4101074a94af347a9d8e73d57,日本不少女性为了进入名牌大学ITViMDVlYTk0NjlhMmU=,拼命努力学习9158ab74ce71c1a25e03902fde908baa8e1c3063JTViMDVlYTk0NTMxZTM=

c335a7e4b7e8314758f768707e405006c235296d

然而MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdo5uypbGi,她们这么做并不是为了出人头地IzViMDVlYTk0NjlkMmQ=,而是因为进了大公司MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKdo56ypa2i,才能有机会认识条件好的精英男性e692f93513d421fd60ae2f63e2812cfb7e2ee22a417fe2ba72ed8b4b9b724018114beed0

c975d9e2154f070411af32029e2fb6e736ff213f

许多年轻女性会把“公司里是否有适龄未婚男青年”作为求职标准MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtmqywy7miNWIwNWVhOTQ1MzdhNw==

QDViMDVlYTk0NTM5MTM=

也就是说17b31110b3b393be2b187573e2c25879493baaf1ab6b855693a0a86fa24c8cc6efe311acd581f954

JDViMDVlYTk0NTNjMjI=

努力读书是日本女人找好老公的最佳途径9f3e9d692a77ae111b58cfdfed39ff5a9ef183e4b19bd1dede52c3b02a4b211359cb885be88528c6

QDViMDVlYTk0NTNmMGM=

在日本2c602c0a2bfca57fa80d65be01de51ed,家庭主妇被称为“不灭的职业”ITViMDVlYTk0NmEzNDM=,是优越生活的代名词MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtmmO9zqmiae0332b0697438fe30c884c2fe0319a8b3006730

996159325dbc37e47ee5ab038629655a31013195

日本社会存在很多针对家庭主妇订立的制度3395b69471d9d5c23b34a53d33719e3b,比如家庭主妇有担税力a33171fa873fecc00d66b3cd65671182JjViMDVlYTk0NTQzNDQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHiK28y7Gi

如果妻子是家庭主妇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKgfGSwy8ei,丈夫可以少交税MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtmma8k7GiJjViMDVlYTk0NTQ2NDc=

IzViMDVlYTk0NTQ3Yjk=

XjViMDVlYTk0NTQ5MmY=

fcfdd1f3fab210791f29b1d5fb5d3ecbcf32d026

JDViMDVlYTk0NTRjMDg=

那么问题来了29a47ba29ebe48e6a5bf3bb1b88b16e34246e069,在日本KjViMDVlYTk0NmE5NzE=,如果因为丈夫出轨而离婚3e85d2e12c1008388b294f713fa16ac83f4c353c,抛弃优越的家庭主妇生活b71035476819e9de88e094c4d786b91a2950a377,值得吗?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHiZ2xuKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHiZ69taWi

据经合组织统计KjViMDVlYTk0NmFkZTU=,日本单亲母亲贫困率高达66%MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtmmiw272iMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDYrJ6kGWwyKGi

JTViMDVlYTk0NTUxZjM=

日本男性白领平均年收入约为400万日元(约合23万人民币)a2f2ab647afd3002165ed92b1141ce38,而单亲妈妈的平均年收入仅为181万日元(约合10万人民币)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtm5u8y8uiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDYrKHgGO9yKGi

8567ddd9ca88ea0ff1bd6fbf01d745318ed07158

日本20代的单亲母亲ITViMDVlYTk0NmIxMDI=,有八成处于贫困线以下(一年一个人的可支配收入在114万日元以下MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKggKuxtcui,约合6.5万人民币)d2797a68b7121bd476b79f5f9942dee796ee565aeb7529fcb7acedbe9610f5fc

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKHjGWypc-i

无论是打工/做派遣员工还是做正式职员NWIwNWVhOTQ2YjQwOA==,对单亲母亲来说JTViMDVlYTk0NmI1N2Q=,结局都一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKtm56ytc-ie20c4b08c10e62d265e2697420ac4fc9fe03c2ce

df3f0bdc45b778f3446976e9c1fcea26

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbKHjZywpcui

JDViMDVlYTk0NTVkOTE=

8f509bb0e840ca6423edb4fe9b03f00a7100a3a8

5f22a4a88cfd1fa904ce5117db1ecf35

而产生这种局面有以下几个原因:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHkKq9y6Wi

0c88c395a492043f1e42020e20c57511

第一610360b0c5c5a0baf11ef784bf29d9428bc8f53a,同工不同酬627fad154cad60c234acfd89eb46d76880c48574f96eae06ecc5076490d7ce155898aafee231eccf

42d9285297694f38ec0dc5b8d1118b88

干同样的活儿d27ad755241946628bc9ec392dbb1bac5d1329cc,男性的平均工资如果是100日元JTViMDVlYTk0NmI5OGQ=,女性的工资只有70.6日元XjViMDVlYTk0NzgxOGQ=。如果是短期工183539f7bc3940015021b2dceb2767c4a23fa1ab,男性打工者的工资是55.5元JTViMDVlYTk0NmJjNDQ=,而女性打工者的工资只有50.3元71a7e6e43a39b80e96d8278cdc443a9fcea487ddJTViMDVlYTk0NTY4NGI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHkGe8taWi

据调查MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKggZ2ytaWi,女性劳动者在短期工中占大多数3f1a4275844fc12bba6347650c44cde686a7d6ce,目前35岁以上的女性中XjViMDVlYTk0NmMwNGI=,3人中有1人属于短期工758388112f90e1084481a9c48ed10e8d4d7c0d25890c5565989805a360d25f10daa89318

IzViMDVlYTk0NTZjZDg=

据NHK《女性的贫困 “新型连锁”的冲击》介绍JDViMDVlYTk0NmMxYWQ=,如果想为孩子提供稍微舒服一点的生活、想为孩子将来存点钱JTViMDVlYTk0NmMzMGI=,单亲母亲一天要打三四份工MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKghK2xtcei,工作时间超过十小时KjViMDVlYTk0Nzg1ZjY=。她不能生病不能休息f2c3d3b25e0145b73d5d99e2a7b55717,只能捱过一天算一天MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbKtnmWxpcei2254d9e351b558e5643a88711ea02759

XjViMDVlYTk0NTZmZDc=

更可怕的是f36f8e190da7b3e35f77a71221f920bd7ca7a622,将一天的时间全都用在打工上的话32f53aff886ed6dd10ea503444c91f621d6f6883,单亲母亲根本没有精力提升自己45aed096355ac4c6ee65686524b93d05,她只能打一辈子工MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbKtnma8y62ie1d9b76fcfad1ac4990a265bff1567b4

IzViMDVlYTk0NTcyY2Q=

年轻时还能扛得住1301dac66900a0ae6bc929019524b7a4,老了怎么办?QDViMDVlYTk0NTc0NGY=

649ff4fc1b44aa0d4faf7caa841e8bf5bb1ca843

62624948415e716524b2d1a2311b451b

ITViMDVlYTk0NTc4ZDU=

JjViMDVlYTk0NTdhNGY=

● 在不抚养亲生孩子的女性中MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDY71lgaCwoqGi,52%出自经济原因c029bd42e8d9c85dbae656ddd1ed375d

70db62bdd87377d6972a1db2e3d0dd35ecf78404

第二e6cea0231b6169a2a9718f83ca752ff39242f0f2,日本的职场性别歧视普遍MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKghZ-9taWi,女性的晋升机会很少0626052c0d4e1468a415d222fdb8d0a5f27b7923IzViMDVlYTk0NTdlZjc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDYrJlkGSyoqGi

1985年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKgiKuxy8ui,日本出台《男女雇用机会均等法》JDViMDVlYTk0NmQzZjM=,规定“企业在招募、录用方面70b9a6b7f2af51045c47c930f42aacc3,必须给予女子和男子平等的机会”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbKgiGS8y8ui,这是企业的义务MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKgiGawy7mi,无论在什么情况下QDViMDVlYTk0NmQ5YjA=,任何职业MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKgiZuwpa2i,都不能把“因为是女性”作为排除女性应聘者的理由a6b2f483e636b61b1150747219d3147f0d6a6be5MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbKHnqq9qLWi

be20e6f3023a863afa5d8aa68dfc70563abfcd9e

这本是好事9ca183535392a26799430cb7d83b7d0cbd24b8ada7e27e5351efd8b93c4e4abe2c7fc4fcb8076df2

IzViMDVlYTk0NTg2YTc=

但在同一年656e6fdf130ef281106d04fc6ee8682945367c85,日本通过了变向允许加班的“弹性劳动时间制”QDViMDVlYTk0NzhlOWE=5cba398af824749f88e2fca8aab6f89f

c6c5c7f9d33e0eed2f78ce51e08383bc

日本人把加班看成天经地义的事儿cddcdcac8ef3309e855ae847df5787e5,不加班想升职门都没有IzViMDVlYTk0NzkwMWM=。然而27bf5507c13a6184b2f6de9b001a9c5a7ee3994a,对单亲母亲而言872b27165eff832c14765a2d3ad0bb61fbffdbab,加班不是一个选项5bbdb85296bae20e38d54a748e93d03b8572e848JTViMDVlYTk0NThiMjQ=

QDViMDVlYTk0NThjYjE=

天天加班、陪上司喝酒1d3b267c3db07a2e2d72f57e3fbe6d16,孩子怎么办?ITViMDVlYTk0NThlMmI=

ca5c673103b96b385d293546ea1de96181662b39

2011年bd8db3ff899f1def672ea1ee13803962411cce6c,女性担任相当于股长职位的比率为15.3%;科长的比率为8.1%;部长的比率仅有5.1%71c0d53ec3840902acec6b3debe8f9f7。大多数女性只能在职场从事低层端茶倒水整理文件的工作NWIwNWVhOTQ3OTQ2Zg==。既然是对专业能力要求不强的工作MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKgjGOwk62i,与其招一个每天因为孩子生病早退的大龄妇女d8f8dabdefcd552b86e65e24fa231ba7,不如招一个漂亮的年轻女孩子KjViMDVlYTk0Nzk1ZWQ=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHn6C9zqmi

ITViMDVlYTk0NTkyOWE=

因此078eb61678722f724302674519d36c73df08f708,日本女性学者将《男女雇用机会均等法》出台的1985年称为日本的“女性贫困元年”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DprnQjYqdYbKtomWwk72ic9e54291f87f118538bca4cb05c5edeb67e5ac99

2583b9318b41c60d9d9e43d4b9028020

相比一个人扛起一个家的单亲母亲e54ec1e109a859a93e863dcde7c80be2,家庭主妇生活要幸福得多XjViMDVlYTk0Nzk4Yzk=KjViMDVlYTk0NTk3MWE=

6367892aed021b09d5d3531f5ceb7015

d3d82be3f5d1e3350034ce2585f123bda2c61ebe

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHo5uypbGi

JjViMDVlYTk0NTlkMzM=

上午伺候完丈夫孩子、做完家务JTViMDVlYTk0NmVhZDQ=,下午就可以约朋友喝下午茶、逛街、参加各种兴趣班901ac7a3dd1c1a929c93b89b2694638ecb6e440b,晚上再回家做饭就好c287e690f1ba5daa84f637888bee5e82MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DprnQjYqdYbKHo56ypcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKHo6CwtaWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDYr2HeZuwyKGi

不必在外头拼死拼活的工作MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKgjZ2xk7mi,也不必忍受职场的歧视与性骚扰ed3be6eb27b683434e1deaa9ab2417d50d603568,再加上日本特有婚姻观念和社会刻板印象的影响KjViMDVlYTk0NmYwM2I=,家庭主妇确实有被称为“不灭的职业”的资格878a1009db51de1721baf44c9579522a0ddd18c6MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DprnQjYqdYbKKfKywuLGi

ITViMDVlYTk0NWE0YmI=

夸张点说KjViMDVlYTk0NmYxOTA=,如果丈夫结婚是为了娶一个佣人加保姆IzViMDVlYTk0NmYyZWI=,那么妻子结婚就是为了一张长期饭票a9b3722fb0053c28fc32e365925619a0543493565ff6b29e94b52c9b970517828711d5e95790274b

e87401e813a55ffef98165dd176f81b1a8ac2788

只要丈夫按时拿钱回家JjViMDVlYTk0NmY0M2Q=,不做家务啦JDViMDVlYTk0NmY1OTY=,出轨啦ITViMDVlYTk0NmY3MGY=,都是小问题MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DprnQjYqdYbKto56xtc-i0bdaf05f59cae073b6fac0cf5163e2058ff3a5ce

c624d021205c95ce5e0b6dabf879451a

e05a3d089cd9a7ecd4c407d6d2ccf7a6

07f9d3a0b4906ad1f96411d1d60663280d8ea4b7

JDViMDVlYTk0NWFmNmQ=

012ba49bac731f98447994b4015eb0f4

be86379906a8f72a519b92030c71e9e9

就像养蛙游戏里边的蛙一样ITViMDVlYTk0NzlmZjk=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKKgKy8zrmi

c5f6dd49872478d1015cc213330af78f

虽然在外面招蜂引蝶JjViMDVlYTk0NmY4OTE=,但蛙没有忘记你cf937a85d782fb6dcea6746e2f3dc3bd,记得给你寄明信片MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DprnQjYqdYbJlfKqxpceif3eda802a9130a06f1a581b1301feac9ec9f334c

6ddc45524222400a27273f489144b68f49fb1991

虽然总不在家07cbcfc86acde59891d0f47860badbaad30cf7eb,但蛙总归会回来f48065273a48d15cbe2eddd40d9d8a9d,每次回来还给你带一大堆好吃的59f8d00afdbf3b62af0b36cdadc60313d2d41d4a091cd20f5acdad9a6f86a7c94f149641

cb04f593bcb7d9ee2f57842b6da8e72b8cbc0a4c

更重要的是MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DprnQjYqdYbKgkZ6xy6mi,蛙种在门前的四叶草种子6a5a496f724169f59816ca8d2ceb520c3e8d058c,能定期长出钱来cf706729a71d4721f88a14f4d84d6609JjViMDVlYTk0NWJkMDE=

bdcb52e34b6eb9eb76e40e349a2b2065

9a3dde61965a9d65c80de3b2e3ed8798be3916c9

JDViMDVlYTk0NWMxODM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKKhKu9pcui

参考资料:e9fb7aafbd34c34a01b0e1e8a0f85836a7f7ad0c

1.傅高义MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDZLF3eGWysqGi,《日本新中产阶级》KjViMDVlYTk0NzAzMjg=,上海译文出版社JTViMDVlYTk0NzA0YzE=,2017.KjViMDVlYTk0NWM1ZjE=

2.师艳荣. 日本女性M型就业模式的变迁及发展趋势[J]. 日本问题研究, 2013(1):84-90.ca48b0b65c8a53ee5005dcb8db49def44e475c21

3.杨春华. 日本女性回归家庭意愿上升的社会学分析——基于社会性别差异的视角[J]. 南开学报(哲学社会科学版), 2015(4):149-158.MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2EubnMg4qDYr2tm52ysqGi

4.金海兰, 肖巍. 浅析当代日本女性职业劳动的困境[J]. 中华女子学院学报, 2016, 28(5):85-91e73d4393fd99ec882e631f04061106562960f040

5.寺尾千佳子. 现代日本女性婚姻观的变迁 受到中国思想影响的日本女性们[J]. 2011.JjViMDVlYTk0NWNiZjg=

6.赵蓉. 从女性语言变迁看日本社会发展的轨迹[J]. 日本学刊, 2011(3):126-138.MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKKhZ2xqLWi

7.肖婷. 现代中日夫妻对称的对比研究[C]// 福建省外国语文学会2010年年会论文集. 2010.d7cce8640d2491ef456fffefe9764ae8629b756e

8.KAORI SHOJI. Marriage has little to do with romantic love. The Japan TimesMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DprnQjYqdYbKKhaCxpcui

cd9496308bafe5f9228ea3d1a40c7829

NWIwNWVhOTQ1ZDM3Mg==

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