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你辛苦养大的蛙儿子,日本人却把它当老公!他们是怎么想的?

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7KHoquwuL2i

从没想过我会有这么一天:每天静静地守护着一只蛙438b06411f866e5fe412bfa1a9a9358caaa2f85a,看它吃饭、看书、写信、削木头、旅行KjVhODkyZWQ2ODkwNDY=bca9bc9af1b420b8bad2e1d2e1cf9b01

b860306d4e959a0befa990b39cda159a

蛙从来都没和我说过一句话0f2f8fb8352b1a91b31616f101e2c2e3cfa471f3,更没叫过我妈妈ITVhODkyZWQ2Nzc4YzQ=,但我心甘情愿MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3oqqyta2iIzVhODkyZWQ2NTk2MjY=

83ec3f803e7edc897fcd8e7c2f16fc4d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7KHoma9paWi

JTVhODkyZWQ2NTlhMjA=

c1e48862f1b65469b68b68cb1c3b474e82a868f8

321696150df6aa2e1ebfb04ad12ed6923af03dfc

直到有一天MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7Ktmmiwtc-i,游戏设计师告诉我:蛙是老公JDVhODkyZWQ2ODkyZTU=6b9c92b9fffccdd1908e1da015c5f150

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7KHo5-x26mi

58526d4f2b143701cbd07a871049a6a4

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKfKuwpc-i

9688f827239f1852c155e5b62105849f7ee17db4

于是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7Ktm5uypcui,我愤怒的按下了卸载键ba58d086dfe151cdae4ea0cda743db6b,和蛙永远说再见18f590853416fe97afd2840f00e9fccf6ccd4398b4ed2e3bcba81bfd5d0462b6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKfGO9y62i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLYr2HkGO82KGi

ff59cdff64815c30f877a097d16b3221a855cab7

XjVhODkyZWQ2NWE5ZTM=

XjVhODkyZWQ2NWFiMjg=

然鹅a63a19241b1349bef92ac4d55c0b1a71671a3813,今天旅行青蛙设计师又辟谣了:旅行青蛙最初的设定不是思念丈夫XjVhODkyZWQ2NzdmZTc=,那些是日本网友的游戏反馈5e02d1c2fae1e28d81c92056cb4b720c,当然也不一定是盼儿归来IzVhODkyZWQ2NzgyYmU=,希望玩家可以自由发挥JjVhODkyZWQ2Nzg0MjA=,把青蛙想象成任何角色76b86640cdfaf173cd2d70d69b03bb83466a9a322a531e70b775bddcb5a2148e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKfZ28k62i

5b1e01f2ee683ddbbe81308e49c8559f

XjVhODkyZWQ2NWIwNjg=

504452e4e25a13dc6bd4e7534d2e8204b5f8ff75

为什么日本玩家和中国玩家MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7KtnmOx27Gi,养的蛙不是“同一种”?ff8f0b0e1386e01a8904db5e6ba203b2

接下来你将看到:IzVhODkyZWQ2NWI0NDA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKgGOyqLGi

   ● 呱儿子还是野男人?   MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKgGS8k7Wi

   ● 丧失了姓名的妻子   ab62b279ce4a5f105da06f50319f6c6e

   ● 总被时代抛弃的女性   d70929ee57ae8836d6fbdd7a7d02fd86

   ● 家庭主妇=不灭的职业MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKgGi8uLGi

不养蛙也不养娃的特约编辑/雪竹9a187254b25d70574e11b7bebe9b9244

667f15e8c46964907ebe8768efd5ca89

9c8e54811308d58343d29d3600b2c80dc92a7b17

NWE4OTJlZDY1YzAwMQ==

呱儿子还是野男人?4633bf84e336ac738a22ad87b039218925ca89f3

e838a922e34e9b8752b5a9b4c98574a219b1298d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKhKy9pc-i

JjVhODkyZWQ2NWM1MjM=

这段时间IzVhODkyZWQ2Nzg2ZWU=,许多女生以及部分男性都陷入了“是花钱养男人还是花钱养蛙”的纠结中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3omS8zrWifbab95a8783e5b5a4e8d8a25f4e387b0d0ba1dbe

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKhGW8uL2i

JDVhODkyZWQ2NWM4ZmQ=

dd7e636ac47bcd31bf2db593cfdce3507b9b2f08

直到《旅行青蛙》的设计师表态MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZLN3mmO8yKGi,青蛙的原型寄托了对丈夫的思念QDVhODkyZWQ2ODk3ZmM=3afb073dda588eda725776279f8ff649ad70cd1f

ITVhODkyZWQ2NWNjZGQ=

在日本5c1411cd427bebbae01abdd15e463acb,青蛙有平安归家的寓意7cc8c5b13746bd344d5f750938b1e9dcJjVhODkyZWQ2NWNlMzg=

49a30fd1746f93864de3bcb18711a7a2

这下好了8b14ad54d749cd7c703a69f500319cdc,不用纠结了afbdf700255bd15350d7a79c5e2a170c,不是呱儿子MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7Ktn529paWi,都是野男人JDVhODkyZWQ2ODlhOTc=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KKhaC8k6mi

0e111e95ee112de9aefea63fad30f52c

看到蛙又交上了新朋友bcd07dea3ca46e705e134a72d08830c02b7cbf81,不再露出老母亲般慈祥的微笑MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZLN6kGe82KGi,而是痛骂:我天天在家门前挖草供你01c5d9cb03e072cc66c7221df9b1448d52a988df,你天天出门招蜂引蝶?2f5296aa6651774396bcd1be1c6057430c12795f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKiK2yuK2i

4636eeef748176fcc0aa6e108344dc5e

94a99d9135b3a46ee392d36fa02cee3d06213357

ITVhODkyZWQ2NWQ4NmQ=

后来MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZLOHgKu8sqGi,当事人跳出来解释289cc8a5065c5873345d3ba456624f6c,开发者的初衷只是想设计一款旅行放置类游戏dce81d569fe0244edb3929621ed90faa,至于把蛙当成儿子还是丈夫77cd0e99c20edde4aac760fa91d8c803eb65613d3855b2fb8e29350a985f71d63769cc4cf5481117

2167baae55a45afd2abb5569834022c118db2854

全看玩家的理解734a664130d6cdc238dddb033f7c59b4b90156f32af01d85cb7419249592c27e

dd4cc08007694829fe5444f39a55feea

由于文化差异MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7KtomawtbGi,中国女性觉得青蛙是儿子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7Ktomextb2i,日本女性认为青蛙更像是丈夫MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N3o52wy6miMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KKiZ68y7Gi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKiaCwpbWi

回头看看游戏的各种设置:bf6132b6f8ff6099b5c1d5eaa36e2a5b239ce20f

c3280340869eb91cb3aaafe0d66ff931

你天天干家务(收割四叶草、给蛙做饭、给蛙打包行李、招待蛙的朋友);JjVhODkyZWQ2NWUzZDU=

你能观察到蛙在家里的一举一动961df2bea9f5d3fcdb951987b7f67580,却没什么交流;6ab091db5f8b96078627c053ba14520ea33e22bf

蛙离家之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7Kto5u9pa2i,在外面招蜂引蝶NWE4OTJlZDY3OWQxOA==,你还天天惦记着他3348267d69f779d136f8c007aacec3db,盼着他早些回家3b4ed350a4f45ff96410f8e37fd873e2NWE4OTJlZDY1ZTY2MA==

1476480a3ff3262cbd66ba1a78a4305b83207486

这不就是养了个祖宗吗?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKjGa9y62i

d0d32c3afd6efb316cfa8638e4f6124bedf8ec2e

只不过JjVhODkyZWQ2NzlmOTg=,在中国IzVhODkyZWQ2N2EwZWE=,祖宗是孩子;在日本26bdaf79d1bfb277601841f8957434a498246e0d,祖宗是丈夫MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3o5-827Wi28398f5e4403f9dfa3ae2c9dd531876cf713f9cb

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKjZy828ui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLYr6KiKq9sqGi

QDVhODkyZWQ2NWVmNDk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7KKjaCytbGi

KjVhODkyZWQ2NWYxY2Y=

虽然干得不多78f70e1b01401dbce4c9324a7c40b24a0cdace83,但在中国MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7JlfK29qLGi,一点家务不做的男性恐怕是极少数04f962c9baa903a953237e6bb196cbaeNWE4OTJlZDY1ZjMxNg==

XjVhODkyZWQ2NWY0NTQ=

就算不做饭bed24d29dcfec2cecf6e11cacc271c19,起码还知道洗个碗!a63e0c182e00e47853772f6d3045fa92267c9edb

ITVhODkyZWQ2NWY2Y2Y=

而在日本d6cd4d106155e49579cb7adbf59f6daa,根据日本内阁府大臣官房政府情报室的调查e29e7ef74f91fee229dc3664ebae1afb,只有 5.2%的丈夫会帮忙打扫房间、做饭的占 2.1%、饭后收拾餐具、刷碗的也仅有占4.6%8daac40cb9cd560425b11564e676012dITVhODkyZWQ2NWY4MGU=

ad72344d6d6ab43f33ad693764aa0517

有趣的是a4b8f6208bf56a933186249b725e300cdd28ec53,在认为家务活应该由女性自己做的人中abda4bb264002920e398da1437d48970,所有年龄层的女性赞同比例都高于男性MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7JlfZy9y7Wi7111e5bc076a5e4e91238b0b84583229

e803b24c448cd182b4a31f8e4a39d8cc

特别在已婚女性中这一现象更加突出fc6791d9d95186adb42f52e3c402921176c9783eKjVhODkyZWQ2NWZkNjM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KKkZ68y62i

这符合我们心目中传统日本妻子的形象:成婚后冠夫姓、退出社会生活、照顾丈夫的生活起居、生育后承担凡乎所有的育儿工作、承担家务劳作433a95803a00d3d71655118edc78e3717aff5c90,同时在家里地位低下125055577459f4e9471560f4e19ad24f3b9ee3df,对丈夫言听计从9df7173996587eace60dc123e12eb7e5eb13720bd89a8f449d82d7bb2becb83357f30cf7

QDVhODkyZWQ2NjAxNWU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY7F3fZyxsqGi

ba5f4f6b934bdbca3c9447666964e1c5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdeGOxtcui

● 日剧《昼颜》2720a8502c976cb1c611c6328f7d434dbfaadfa4

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdeGawtcei

形成如此独特的夫妻关系KjVhODkyZWQ2N2IxMDY=,原因有三点:日本特有的婚姻观、日本传统的社会观念MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7JlgKuxuK2i,以及对现实的妥协0296ff5d32f102b604990b203a9736f05d20d3d640181b30a00f24be4baa8dfe4b229aa3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY7F3o529oqGi

24d4689fdd10401958c1a9d8d7e818a8

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdeZ2x28ui

丧失了姓名的妻子MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY7F6iZ6wsqGi

627f77f2772d60edd0e0a5b3917902eb

XjVhODkyZWQ2NjExN2E=

从微博上粉丝的留言能看出来ec2247cfbd0001f3d66d4ed3a2e53dad03216e3d,大家之所以不接受蛙是老公的设定NWE4OTJlZDY3YjUxOA==,最大的原因正在于招蜂引蝶这一点JjVhODkyZWQ2OGE3OGE=ITVhODkyZWQ2NjEyY2E=

8ace9089f2ca3732a1623b5853bf16fc9c6f36c9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdfGOxy8-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY7GHjZ2xoqGi

bd43356ffda0db0502f33756387e3c36

● 对于出轨的蛙MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7JlgGSxy8ei,中国粉丝的反应IzVhODkyZWQ2NjE5NzQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY7GHo528yKGi

难道日本妻子不会被这种丈夫气死吗?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdfZywuLWi

a01a04e4613478912cecf0ff1782b6c5

还真不会ITVhODkyZWQ2OGE4Yzk=94157f5190ab429940cae27af68151d1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdfaCwtbWi

著名社会学家傅高义在调查日本工薪族时就发现了这个问题4a44f783fd8dbbc961c6ddf64b579ddbMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdgKqxy7mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KdgKu8zrmi

日本工薪族的妻子曾告诉他f44c3c91de6e270624c867a0b215c8eea5515b6b,丈夫有婚外情更好c8103cd17506481fb62d1ba8e80492e7a10488ed。有了婚外情8651930f8b0cb19e080c951b3046722eb1c27539,丈夫心里有愧6188eb0e27039e1ecd4b552de57190e5,反而更温和3366d44d759406626bb33bf1dfcc80b2,更容易相处了ITVhODkyZWQ2OGFjZmM=ITVhODkyZWQ2NjI0MTk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY7GdiGawoqGi

傅高义还发现MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7JlgZ2wzqmi,一九五八年日本禁止卖淫以前NWE4OTJlZDY3YmVhYw==,相当多的妻子支持卖淫合法存续MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7JlgZ-9zr2i,理由是她们的丈夫需要排解d94c142385a9365c26c235f2d653aa7b39bcb8a1abc2b222972e910fac2e189f

JDVhODkyZWQ2NjI4Mjg=

JjVhODkyZWQ2NjI5ODI=

7947789b3010164473f2e70b98985d12

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdgZywzqmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdgZ2xk72i

对日本人来说f70f1a6a95c80b10c4bd3a14c515bde5MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdgZ69pami

971d0d9066c02d7a2e01343958b1dc25577d8952

结婚和恋爱是两码事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N6fZ-9pami5967fe701232df2e6aafd1f8a34265c013b5eee7

23284ab1ea3555f08b70f0b678e4ee4f

结婚的真正目的是生儿育女、传宗交代89f659f18d50c604d4d03880d7ef0be2430c8527,其他任何目的dded8c8e38ba3a47c7fa73fc244cfe40,只能曲解结婚的真实含义653f2612752a0acffdc82b8552ace6baQDVhODkyZWQ2NjM0NTM=

1ad2bd9111c435c85a0630dbed7022f4

日本有三句传统的结婚誓言:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdhGS9zq2i

a83f60daa5dd95217dc50f5ecd76285a

“你愿意为我做味增汤吗?”(俺のみそ汁を作ってくれない)MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY7Gtn5y8sqGi

“你愿意和我埋在一起吗?”(俺と一緒のお墓に入らない)MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KdhZuwqK2i

“我们一起变老吧MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7N6gKu8uK2i。”(一緒に年をとろうよ)d7b4dd8f8c06998571481f0d1a491d04JTVhODkyZWQ2NjNjNmQ=

b0ae27c253341da43ef97e8a2823e3e6dd3f0277

想必许多中国女性没法接受这种结婚誓言8b5207a4c43ce2a51ef9a118d1bb9e86,尤其是第一句b1cd7c0ab736b8632ab5b75c19583fd7,听到后恨不得一碗味增汤泼男方脸上b0ae27ba8dcb17373f0ce4c8e0cc1d5e23ac0a5facd5f655650e40b8c810ca21cc3a36c4

451b8db0a4797e8932d28e675f60744b70ead418

IzVhODkyZWQ2NjQxZDU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY7J3gKy9oqGi

465d3e1e926192878f165128ce2bd174

● 日本电影《小花的味增汤》d31da6ac35e1f0fa6f260dedd1863e88

88c5311af90934386e8bb026e01fa7ce4815f14c

但对日本人来说fc8f93d78c15802584b32039946d6ca0,这正是结婚的意义:不是为了爱情、不是为了浪漫685c8e358806123111ecc96c0a866b83be69029f,而是为了找到归宿、为了安稳MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7N6gGS9pbWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY7J3mmiw2KGi

76d148a06fd8a49ff3effaa0ddd8e30b

如果婚姻不是爱情的最终形态JjVhODkyZWQ2N2NhYmQ=,而是一种生活方式MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7JlhZywqLGi,当作消遣出轨几次8efa1137d0fd9e8056fb2d23895c0af005998891,似乎也不是不可原谅的事情0eafa48be0bc178a4584bb15b841556e4df29511ITVhODkyZWQ2NjRiNTE=

d8dbfd8d856275a2bdc99ee6f67c064a

b1223e19386820dfed29faa541277538

ITVhODkyZWQ2NjRmNTM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY7J6kZywsqGi

从对夫妻的称呼MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7JlhZ68y8-i,能看出中日婚姻观的差别69ab3f71ca4efe67a9b776201d2c72acNWE4OTJlZDY2NTIyNQ==

JjVhODkyZWQ2NjUzN2U=

在中国008fd9be41440cf81ab2e4a0d2a09fde886afced,无论是妻子还是丈夫4a67127100f21b69c5929f351d0072c38b108add,有八成以上的人都会用名字或者昵称叫对方XjVhODkyZWQ2OGJiMjk=JTVhODkyZWQ2NjU0Y2Y=

e756ff5dfd8e07369c8d799ed244ad09

中国的夫妻用“孩儿他爸”、“孩儿他妈”这类称呼的并不会太多38b80f7ccdd30b4dbd113ad02cc89e22ce8b693533fe3f7ee1b8b5bd7e447b6a

e5c4c66875145c448c8872aeb9226bdc58e7cec4

就算结婚了b69a551f7a2913d00ebf8dd3528bb9b9,丈夫和妻子都还是独立的个体ITVhODkyZWQ2N2Q0MDQ=,婚姻关系带来的身份转变并没有影响个人的存在感c17dd2e6792dab5cdd9f03af8e8699d235b5d89a27dabd65407979a55da10e66

7758ce8a8c1477dc79387f53cc0513d586f0831b

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XjVhODkyZWQ2NjVmNmY=

aac40223a496ecf9ae051a24337ec63e71c79207

1a49ea3447096ba799f686fcae288d40

而在日本QDVhODkyZWQ2N2Q1NWU=,夫妻间最常用的称呼是“爸爸”“妈妈”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N6gZ-xpbWiaacff8a2831d63662c66db407976f481

JTVhODkyZWQ2NjY0ZDQ=

妻子叫丈夫“爸爸”的比例是丈夫叫妻子“妈妈”的差不多两倍MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7N6gaC8tcei066a393b3e11fec26546b168e8a52681797e1686

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KdkGWx272i

日本语言学家铃木孝夫认为KjVhODkyZWQ2N2Q2YWU=,“爸爸”“妈妈”使得丈夫变成了孩子的父亲KjVhODkyZWQ2N2Q3ZmU=,妻子变成了孩子的母亲4576a8627079c7c0a691f5825729bc065fe74835MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7KdkGa8k7mi

04c65d89cc7f6b0b0678360554c840f1ad53ffd0

丈夫和妻子成了承担某种任务的角色JTVhODkyZWQ2N2Q5NGU=,这种角色并不会因个人的意志为转移XjVhODkyZWQ2OGMzOTA=JTVhODkyZWQ2NjZiNzE=

XjVhODkyZWQ2NjZjY2M=

正因为如此4c151b98b808c2f41a97d70741a6cb2df79d4ed9,爸爸和妈妈之间的关系比丈夫和妻子之间的关系有更高的稳定性cff57e13eb424b04c3b24da1e7a6b6f8bde6941a9a7b826f46b3c2af96e0739c44241fadf43d76bb

9d0d46d4827f44a30db04fcf4f657aff

7f226d2af3f78c1d0116bbaf6e09bd4a05eaab08

0c2daa019e74de95eaf57bc18ada7655e38d8ef4

QDVhODkyZWQ2NjczNzA=

06235efb3ab004085f545b1c86cb5aca8b7ae8c4

日本丈夫会直接用名字叫妻子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7JliZu9uLWi,但妻子从不会直呼丈夫的名字;有四分之一的丈夫甚至会用“喂”这种显得粗鲁无礼的词来称呼妻子966de40396ede2a223e34341262230ecb34f090404623ca591926a0576f0135d

XjVhODkyZWQ2Njc3NTY=

在外人前e588ca4517e6c2b984e56bed47e33d16,丈夫将自己的妻子称为“家内”(请注意772a6c84feaebfbec55c6c1259c823e5a4c80291,这是日语b44299dad8851f5605d5377221fc602ba4522b96。字面意思:家庭内部)KjVhODkyZWQ2OGM5MDM=99dfaa3956bdcc3bb2bc41d2038cc77a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7Kdmme9tami

朋友和熟人用“奥さん”(字面意思:待在后面即家里的人)称呼别人的妻子b1f0585d21a919d64fb3e365737402b3,仿佛妻子天生就该待在家里d21d007cd9aa11a8ae48e24f28083916f217eaaa2b8ccc4699616fc5986e1d2c38ee5a98

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7Kdm5yxy6Wi

其实XjVhODkyZWQ2N2UxM2Y=,在泡沫经济前cc8e7571aaf2a53f39d791736609a05445e040f4,日本社会对女性的要求一直都是好好经营家庭MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7JljKy9ta2i,全力支持丈夫工作6fe410fef54ee177377493ee718ed7aadb4f1c5a6376facd171b277446c1584ae1c9eee9

ITVhODkyZWQ2NjdlZGQ=

6f09b6333d7de4f36c9c8b8378c2a4253bcab6ae

总被时代抛弃的女性b4a06437074c64ef13f24dc7333db4dbbc969de2

0680541295f03548e4c7d3c409308345

c66eababaf3b2256f426049214fd7ac7d523e9b6

653d226fafef1e78db6e279cc331d756

在不少亚洲国家MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7JljGOw27Gi,提到男尊女卑MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7JljGSypbGi,跑不了儒家思想的影响JTVhODkyZWQ2OGNjYzI=9559f0f6b3e33c0442134d087740136e8d4c5b57

c69e1adfd1c47ad682336bd80db18ed745e5c84f

特别是曾向中国虚心学习过的日本d0570b4926535d8ff543f2456b8bd83dc35429d3a4687cbb23bea3337809fbc6

NWE4OTJlZDY2OGFjMg==

江户时代c921ee08a27032fa560b5e1434e012915a2cc28a,日本的儒学者贝原益轩编写的《女大学》作为最权威和最知名的女性修身书被社会广泛采纳 XjVhODkyZWQ2OGNmM2Y=2b8c30d60474cf4fb35b217749b881a1

b0fa21a0428758783bdb79b7346b8814

贝原益轩的论调听起来很耳熟MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7JljGewzrmi,和中国某些女德班差不了多少:“虽然丈夫喝酒、玩女人、骂妻子、责备孩子、吃喝嫖赌无所不干2cf6cbb2c87bd7ac6d65622c1a16dac54fe85ad8,但妻子还是应该服从丈夫、伺候这个不负责任的男性bc74bfe3f451661dc4df6d31b2940f11。如有意见6335db75563b1a7d62c50b2a0b1b35c1,妻子也应该很和气地对丈夫提出MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZb53eZ-xoqGi。”620bd07a94e54f57ac25fe91d4e4fc16

d61de95756bd23c82258090a4a9952ca

贝原益轩认为QDVhODkyZWQ2N2VkNDg=,女性应当遵守 “三从”、“四德”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7JljZ6ytcei,即 “未嫁从父”、“既嫁从夫”、 “夫死从子 ”KjVhODkyZWQ2N2YwMDY=, “妇德 ”、 “妇言”、 “妇容”、 “妇工”2fa93c3c573616c16e3fbd3890de1a2eb5b6a25b2dbb8684933943f1e383a4b4dfb5571bcb2bf039

JTVhODkyZWQ2NjkyZTg=

做女人ced33ed44fc6797b0f64f181f1ee8d4e,最重要的是顺从KjVhODkyZWQ2OGQ0NzM=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7Kdoq2w28ei

af4b4d5a5347940b05ab6bdd342d1d4daa20a95b

77bf8317725aaf8bd2bd9e9f0505574584c028fc

ITVhODkyZWQ2Njk4Njc=

5fa385d11e6a01b9669cb9f09d58114f4528945a

● 女德班的“训诫”JDVhODkyZWQ2NjliMDg=

ad7159a755d52e0b891023d188c344291663fdf4

和中国一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7JlkKu8tcui,得先生和赛先生的到来曾让日本女性的地位稍微提高了那么一丢丢9c132c9fc86765036c575dce7441383023d319fb4a21834b81e51487ce6ca150

86f3f2293d5291cff6b6761a752003e7

印在一万日元上的福泽谕吉曾对《女大学》进行严厉的抨击4900ae694b4ef00bdfb6d7fca0306559JjVhODkyZWQ2NmEwODk=

QDVhODkyZWQ2NmExZGE=

庆应大学创立者福泽谕吉质问道:在社会上凭武力抢夺他人的东西8492c5235ebe412204848a50608a24ca,或者损坏他人的名誉f55a4fcd5f6a9778cf6e98716ac979c3,我们把他们叫做“罪人”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7JlkGS8tbGi,而且根据情况他们会被判刑XjVhODkyZWQ2OGQ4NGI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KgfKywy8-i

QDVhODkyZWQ2NmE0N2U=

然而a5f0e636940451dabf2c8ee8f110177a4592daa3,为什么社会对女性被羞辱的现象无动于衷?为什么社会不指责男性?35725b35ef676fc49777aa5272585a767104aa99

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7KgfGWw26mi

之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7JlkGexqLmi,女性运动的小火苗被战争浇灭了d7236fbc05fe176803011a97861b0acddaa79c832e9ad4cb8c00fb7ac5b9c6962f817c7e19b07375

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY72Hn5-9oqGi

战争年代QDVhODkyZWQ2N2ZhYTg=,因为生理差别e357532ad55830e0068435905c371d2f7701d4b7,男性成为主力中的主力4bf2bd70aa429868928e3c0b7e2df5bdMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KgfZuwk7mi

57ed23ef7be6ec596fcc334e0048226e

而女性c27bf7a869ae4d262d0a47f69fd67dfc9148f193,只能守在家里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N6iZywtbWiXjVhODkyZWQ2NmFkZTg=

f2a2c84ff49d803025b0ed3a87190c6c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KgfaCyta2i

24e96ca0e5363fa8957093990b928a55aeafb227

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7KggKyw28ui

1882年 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7JlkZ68zrmi,日本文部省在教育通牒中对女子的教育方案进行了调整807fccbb42bdf28385e885fe2f00c5a830190008,减去英语、数学、三角法三个科目28f9659f838d244a27b681c920ed4e05dab11f13,要求女性学习裁缝、家务、女礼、音乐MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7N6iZ2xtbGif563bebd822e32c11ff27db0848e93da

147e06394c89757c7f1abd8482dbba51

1890年1e91f68b44c8ca68c0223ca3e6676531,明治政府颁布了《明治宪法》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3eK2wpb2i,这部宪法又被称为《大日本帝国宪法》JDVhODkyZWQ2OGRlOTE=。听名字MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N3eGOxtbmi,就能猜到这部宪法的性质ed0d7a2a0c1d69d08e15ed8283b14a35MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7KggGWwzrGi

21192f3a5e8fad1f5a3780ddfefa4f37f96be205

在该宪法体制下d2f22dbb812a8e691cc64cb5bfe0d9467abf20e7,不论女性是否拥有财产MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZbF3mqqx2KGi,一律不给予参政权和公民权 XjVhODkyZWQ2OGUxMjE=076a64d01399a528a3450407c2ea5627

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7KggZuwuLmi

到 20世纪30年代MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3eGexy62i,日本女性已经被称为 “军国的女性”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3eGi8zrWi,日本的女性用语更是被冠以 “承担教育任务的母亲的语言”的名头 JTVhODkyZWQ2OGUyNjA=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KggZyxzr2i

5449486723c239a03f889b58a9bdb22a48398300

战败后IzVhODkyZWQ2ODBjMGQ=,随着大批军人转业XjVhODkyZWQ2ODBkNGY=,日本很快迎来了第一次“婴儿潮”625c173bf7d54388f0bd9c5c9a86a7ba,新生儿数量激增MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7N6jKy8uK2i6dc3c7ca63b162267ae632ebde26c6cbfabde8e1

NWE4OTJlZDY2YzA3Nw==

为照顾孩子MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZbF6jZ-wyKGi,也为了给大批转业军人让出工作岗位QDVhODkyZWQ2ODExMjU=,已婚女性从劳动市场中撤离MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3fKux28ei,回归家庭MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N6jK29tc-ib2cde17be42a0ca30237386d56fe05aec148317c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KghKywy6mi

再往后73010ae29612822a3ea99b6b203fd478,20世纪60年代MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3fGOxpc-i,日本经济进入高速增长期JDVhODkyZWQ2OGU2MWQ=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7KghK2x262i

KjVhODkyZWQ2NmM1ZDg=

为保证男性精力充沛地工作459b1a44a1124257ac682bd978fa895d,日本再次掀起女性回归家庭的热潮d9e0d2c340aee73e1c4302109ca6db55,鼓励已婚女性离开工作岗位f4d356d59ef26c35c1d2544f25114e4e,回家做专职主妇MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7N3fZuxpbWi,好好照顾老公MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N6jGWxy8eiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KghGWwy8ei

233532e055c302dab85661abdb7e6cf6

ITVhODkyZWQ2NmM5Y2M=

KjVhODkyZWQ2NmNiMWM=

6f4d4c16b5ebb3fc7bb36b5e0da5ecf85fa081e4

8473887ef9b46c33ef807516ed1d7c14

虽然日本高等教育普及率很高(日本女性地位很大程度上是由受教育程度和寿命拉上去的917fa6ccd0e69ca64a91569e9c03b450,这一点和中日韩三国都一样)165567f17a6e190948fe4ecbc0d49509,但在日本家长的教育意识中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3fZ-8tami,依然存在着“男孩上4年制大学、女孩上短期大学”的固有观念IzVhODkyZWQ2OGU4YjE=28a44d43427527e3218fa7f55aebbd60

NWE4OTJlZDY2ZDA3ZA==

2012年的日本《学校基本调查》显示7702f40087250659f8331724b4b867ed393538f2,女性占短期大学(大概类似于中国的大专)在学人数的88%70286cbf551b7832477f8295ea5be491c59446c0ff81f92c25f3dc03b69345ef

de9a39f683900910067bb96248e2e6e17fcec938

女大学生主要集中在教育和家政专业MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7N6jZuxpbWif9c92e48ae2d51088b7682a49c96338f

b125c589b42ed2fb3a5edb4a402bc3486f21b29c

换句话说NWE4OTJlZDY4MjJiMg==,读短期大学的目的是为了做个好老婆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N6jZyyqLGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KgiGWwy6mi

QDVhODkyZWQ2NmQ4N2I=

IzVhODkyZWQ2NmQ5Y2M=

418a4587330a8927507a498f489605b9c84b3b61

家庭主妇=不灭的职业fa6ce2aba530d5eb1f4f9e63f4404a64

4e66c9f3889e9b55d6c090b909786cbe

f53c2f6fd6b3f45d2960314c056edfee

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7KgiaCxy7mi

在《日本新中产阶级》书成三十年后91840a4d074248ffd4f17da0f2842268,傅高义当年的联合研究者重回日本fc60c6f05344768327d3cd40f7f80c119e63c88e6f80ad218f1bb4ce9920ca3a7394f8a1

XjVhODkyZWQ2NmUzMTU=

她发现NWE4OTJlZDY4MjU5ZQ==,日本不少女性为了进入名牌大学KjVhODkyZWQ2ODI3MGM=,拼命努力学习MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N6jZ-wtami36ac08c88fd27ed0183b95d518908b707851cdf9

8b5bc09458a393a9393935097a722bf8f36fc0ff

然而XjVhODkyZWQ2ODI4ODY=,她们这么做并不是为了出人头地MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZbGdn5-x2KGi,而是因为进了大公司ITVhODkyZWQ2ODJiNzM=,才能有机会认识条件好的精英男性b228f121ae743392d8d3fa2014d448d685400d64MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KgjGWwta2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7KgjGaxy6mi

许多年轻女性会把“公司里是否有适龄未婚男青年”作为求职标准MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N6kKqytb2iIzVhODkyZWQ2NmU5YjQ=

QDVhODkyZWQ2NmViMTc=

也就是说e507da5fb8597023eef6c84b74b6b9d912b91be9MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY76KgGW9yKGi

3352a45ed68326b8fce37c1e3b580d37

努力读书是日本女人找好老公的最佳途径62497616ee7662ed99f4be0b454b76d0997ec61dMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLY76KjK2wsqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7KgjaCypa2i

在日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N3gZ6wk72i,家庭主妇被称为“不灭的职业”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3gZ-8uL2i,是优越生活的代名词b51dae2f105873ae7be4c13386fc7cdf974f27aed9fe5dcc5350cf51f93ec77d3e6425a9

JTVhODkyZWQ2NmYzNDc=

日本社会存在很多针对家庭主妇订立的制度95423582d6fc4345060ae90d2b6842a8,比如家庭主妇有担税力a0e921afac3dd9899a00b03779f9c329b3c37beaffc908f1167f58e54f4a2f5515ae74d3

cfa6097edde4088263bb17858d8aa7e62dbc33b7

如果妻子是家庭主妇IzVhODkyZWQ2ODMyYjQ=,丈夫可以少交税MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7N6kGSyuK2i485260a2abb267b5d866e9d4d120620b

50744453ee2f506a2e2d69009187528d5811bfac

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7KgkGe9zrGi

6cfb594065ee672f5e7ffa64e949dc6d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KgkZyyuLmi

那么问题来了0b95ffbe2eea83ebf1aeafa707fbfa7a,在日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZbGtiGiwsqGi,如果因为丈夫出轨而离婚955c97e4ff2bff04fcc43a3b189f37561202285e,抛弃优越的家庭主妇生活MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7N3hGaxk7Wi,值得吗?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7KgkZ29uL2i

99b5722966b4039ad1d922e46b6f3255

据经合组织统计fcdd1394bf1bdf39c9e119a33bebd8a935ee4338,日本单亲母亲贫困率高达66%MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7N6kGW9uLGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KgkaCyta2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KteKq9uLGi

日本男性白领平均年收入约为400万日元(约合23万人民币)IzVhODkyZWQ2ODNiNjM=,而单亲妈妈的平均年收入仅为181万日元(约合10万人民币)30e3eaf33ac7771e77c3fe747b0fc1169dd61f32MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7KteKywk7Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KteK2ytaWi

日本20代的单亲母亲QDVhODkyZWQ2ODNjZTM=,有八成处于贫困线以下(一年一个人的可支配收入在114万日元以下MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3hZ6wk7Gi,约合6.5万人民币)XjVhODkyZWQ2OGZhOWE=549cdbe87d2a9fcec2e4c138ac343c78

16c5b4d0efcb85b1b510f6ec328db6d2b224b01f

无论是打工/做派遣员工还是做正式职员MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N3hZ-8y62i,对单亲母亲来说JDVhODkyZWQ2ODQxMzY=,结局都一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7N6kZu9tc-iJjVhODkyZWQ2NzA4OTg=

ITVhODkyZWQ2NzA5ZTk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KteZuw28ui

390f4ec6a873d9291b959e0d0206930e5f31593b

3ab59c4045584d87cc982d45f8ac2415a20eb104

d674d93f82b6e8e25f26292abe8e6b56

而产生这种局面有以下几个原因:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7KteaC8tc-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KtfKq9zqmi

第一fc82e7d352837c24151c9f1ca081b061,同工不同酬ITVhODkyZWQ2OGZkM2Q=JTVhODkyZWQ2NzEzNTU=

98032a0e16bfa1a78d7c72ba3ee3cb5ebb36390e

干同样的活儿JTVhODkyZWQ2ODQ0MDk=,男性的平均工资如果是100日元IzVhODkyZWQ2ODQ1N2U=,女性的工资只有70.6日元KjVhODkyZWQ2OGZlYTM=。如果是短期工fbf9c2691da528c1cc13ac16906c6ee8c55ef653,男性打工者的工资是55.5元d69bb8b63d22a0a51370b738a07f12bd,而女性打工者的工资只有50.3元299b97d9740a050454ae59bf492d7f74008abf5ae9b47ebc48e099b21ebc6eb0aa8abce0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7KtfGWxuKmi

据调查5ddc35aed3121845de362306806abf8562c05df9,女性劳动者在短期工中占大多数b4005651eac319310feff99e7e9c42fec4e6138a,目前35岁以上的女性中82c44bcbdb7e165af254063707bbfddc,3人中有1人属于短期工8b4f9fdbcc49154ace9a5f9b6448ac3eNWE4OTJlZDY3MThiZQ==

JjVhODkyZWQ2NzFhMWE=

据NHK《女性的贫困 “新型连锁”的冲击》介绍IzVhODkyZWQ2ODRlMmY=,如果想为孩子提供稍微舒服一点的生活、想为孩子将来存点钱ITVhODkyZWQ2ODRmYTE=,单亲母亲一天要打三四份工b519dd6775a40e99100d74018767e4da,工作时间超过十小时27bd828e39352f048e738ab6e9fa2f9d。她不能生病不能休息ITVhODkyZWQ2ODUyNzI=,只能捱过一天算一天9e228a4d9d563b2e2a839e7ed976de89dc12f06cf805bb408bf8cb21264cfb487d56cf59

b33c1b0414742f12c1ebae5a0b888b89e70a8a80

更可怕的是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7N3jKy8272i,将一天的时间全都用在打工上的话ITVhODkyZWQ2ODU1NTU=,单亲母亲根本没有精力提升自己54b0f305938bf2ae6c25120dee91ee6b,她只能打一辈子工MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZrF3iGawoqGid9508762b6d4b3d3c908279f81111042

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KtfZ-xy8ei

年轻时还能扛得住bb64ac7dbf3d446a4397985ea4598489,老了怎么办?62f4aa999b3535b40dc26b07e0a1c98f

NWE4OTJlZDY3MjIyMA==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7KtgKyxzr2i

53326284099ca0b87d5db4913693aa6f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KtgGSwuKmi

● 在不抚养亲生孩子的女性中8b61c54f7ce387dadc6664269935934c,52%出自经济原因3600da13345a9eefb626da585bf1622a1481b515

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7KtgGa8k62i

第二bb45decd54e1e859cb96b884443c2bb1,日本的职场性别歧视普遍6b1ed96c628b574f2e3489995f8dec0c,女性的晋升机会很少JjVhODkyZWQ2OTA2ZGE=523502e639d3f13e419c65ad6b00af3dd4972302

ITVhODkyZWQ2NzJiNzU=

1985年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3jZ29tbGi,日本出台《男女雇用机会均等法》NWE4OTJlZDY4NWY2Yw==,规定“企业在招募、录用方面MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3jaC826mi,必须给予女子和男子平等的机会”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3kKuwzqmi,这是企业的义务JjVhODkyZWQ2ODYzYTU=,无论在什么情况下MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZbKdiKqw2KGi,任何职业2220e286d1e5788f8ff5ca46d3d3f81471dd5533,都不能把“因为是女性”作为排除女性应聘者的理由38994ce8f2e09a14cf110bdf0028a3141f669bad28be5c646ca636b3ee49c8349acbdcfb32ab8690

XjVhODkyZWQ2NzJlMWY=

这本是好事ITVhODkyZWQ2OTA5OTM=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7KtgZ-xzr2i

JjVhODkyZWQ2NzMwYzQ=

但在同一年a72072b09568729c65759897d59a4cce,日本通过了变向允许加班的“弹性劳动时间制”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7OHeGi9tbGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KthKuwy62i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7KthKyx27mi

日本人把加班看成天经地义的事儿bb32f3aa2dfc09cf0a890678ff09372487029a1d,不加班想升职门都没有QDVhODkyZWQ2OTBjNDA=。然而1b797e4c9e129b6c15919810a29d330a,对单亲母亲而言dcb71631d744e71d54d90f4c58d03fe3,加班不是一个选项ITVhODkyZWQ2OTBkOTE=a9df62efb0c6d5ea62bbe683577417269add03d7

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZLGtjKu9sqGi

天天加班、陪上司喝酒JTVhODkyZWQ2ODZkYjg=,孩子怎么办?MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZLGtkGa8sqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZLGtm56xoqGi

2011年JDVhODkyZWQ2ODZmMjA=,女性担任相当于股长职位的比率为15.3%;科长的比率为8.1%;部长的比率仅有5.1%ba061fc51c5c8e2ab408e1a399d66d5052fb0814。大多数女性只能在职场从事低层端茶倒水整理文件的工作ad3a113e9c2155682247b0510ffd3cb30ae13c31。既然是对专业能力要求不强的工作5fe4eb10c907e2840c83065e1969b1d09f4ee8c2,与其招一个每天因为孩子生病早退的大龄妇女b7ce86825ebce3db95e221556f7d0d2b,不如招一个漂亮的年轻女孩子JDVhODkyZWQ2OTExOGY=ITVhODkyZWQ2NzNhMzI=

479f4fd8e0502d2a246944f3c35df93e

因此4d507906c7d0fd6544e98d54457dde74211a79ac,日本女性学者将《男女雇用机会均等法》出台的1985年称为日本的“女性贫困元年”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7OHfKu9qLmic3eb97d80b6a5f19a272fa1a1eb3deffbb43b804

ITVhODkyZWQ2NzNlNDQ=

相比一个人扛起一个家的单亲母亲MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3mq28zrmi,家庭主妇生活要幸福得多e653f1de104fa9fce97b8b8ea8949b75bde9f3d1KjVhODkyZWQ2NzNmOWY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7KthaC9uL2i

f9faee895a7c3ca9d8805782696ac638

4d24d6d26858155445988640f3c422ff2315634a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KtiK29y7mi

上午伺候完丈夫孩子、做完家务57c0794bf4ac58d534fd269af7841ca4dcf0ca02,下午就可以约朋友喝下午茶、逛街、参加各种兴趣班ITVhODkyZWQ2ODc3YTc=,晚上再回家做饭就好JjVhODkyZWQ2OTE1OTA=ITVhODkyZWQ2NzQ2NDc=

NWE4OTJlZDY3NDdiMQ==

0ff80845365811cea5719eafd0056253304477fc

不必在外头拼死拼活的工作JTVhODkyZWQ2ODc5MTM=,也不必忍受职场的歧视与性骚扰865c54e4514bda6e7db4ea0ece6bb5552c6f2e35,再加上日本特有婚姻观念和社会刻板印象的影响MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3m5u8k7Gi,家庭主妇确实有被称为“不灭的职业”的资格MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Fps7djo2DY7OHfGS9taWi6329607c3abc6b9e8430bddace8e9e3bed5fd492

64d2ab81224d418d24828441149cf8a6eb45bc92

夸张点说MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QfZqFtq3QjnqLZbJlhK2yoqGi,如果丈夫结婚是为了娶一个佣人加保姆f92c97b62d78147ad3516f050691f105,那么妻子结婚就是为了一张长期饭票MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7OHfGawk7GiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KtiZy9zqmi

KjVhODkyZWQ2NzRlNTU=

只要丈夫按时拿钱回家97ed648a570f82aa19eac4449456c1fc,不做家务啦IzVhODkyZWQ2ODgxNmY=,出轨啦NWE4OTJlZDY4ODJlOA==,都是小问题6ab5c4753529e65504d0ce764d7b2ec5JjVhODkyZWQ2NzRmYTY=

78a9b04c2f14b959ebd854547cfa84c4

JDVhODkyZWQ2NzUyNjE=

JTVhODkyZWQ2NzUzYjA=

2bb984c9d4aa0eabf38fd53ce2a29c5b

1afeb3dabe809a40470689c6decd84e8

NWE4OTJlZDY3NTdjNA==

就像养蛙游戏里边的蛙一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Fps7djo2DY7OHfGi9y6miNWE4OTJlZDY3NTkxZA==

IzVhODkyZWQ2NzVhNmU=

虽然在外面招蜂引蝶JjVhODkyZWQ2ODg0NGM=,但蛙没有忘记你KjVhODkyZWQ2ODg1YjA=,记得给你寄明信片MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7OHfZyxqLGiITVhODkyZWQ2NzViYmU=

b74615f5ab7462207421d325cc90799e

虽然总不在家8b3de669bf5e205b85ee229d94bbb0c0cb031074,但蛙总归会回来beec7bec3dd3faa0503b7c2fe4d6f109,每次回来还给你带一大堆好吃的270b454567080d61ecf940747f4150e94e1f2a06ITVhODkyZWQ2NzVlNzk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Fps7djo2DY7KtjZ-828-i

更重要的是3c1744f8adf45e3ef5ef944bf30f48f1,蛙种在门前的四叶草种子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7N3n5uwy6mi,能定期长出钱来7f602d505c0808daf4db60353c50ee1eQDVhODkyZWQ2NzYxMzE=

6f0283bbac55bf2dfc8d13575e8b2f42

2efc604a8a5538ef408d42fd7e05728257f348a6

c74bdd8e866e4906ad3c3aa263a665ef

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7KtkGSx26mi

参考资料:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KtkGW8k6mi

1.傅高义3f24ccee4fcc88c3411fd67459f36a835c582390,《日本新中产阶级》044d54e9e1ccc070e4e222a9f3212864,上海译文出版社37e6420677600317bed40ef90b01912fcc9b2640,2017.7fea9545aad25965d9912bbf7a5b4e3b

2.师艳荣. 日本女性M型就业模式的变迁及发展趋势[J]. 日本问题研究, 2013(1):84-90.08b8014524d53b80c83777997f32d737

3.杨春华. 日本女性回归家庭意愿上升的社会学分析——基于社会性别差异的视角[J]. 南开学报(哲学社会科学版), 2015(4):149-158.JDVhODkyZWQ2NzZiYzg=

4.金海兰, 肖巍. 浅析当代日本女性职业劳动的困境[J]. 中华女子学院学报, 2016, 28(5):85-91MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Fps7djo2DY7KtkZ2wtcei

5.寺尾千佳子. 现代日本女性婚姻观的变迁 受到中国思想影响的日本女性们[J]. 2011.MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Fps7djo2DY7KtkZ6x272i

6.赵蓉. 从女性语言变迁看日本社会发展的轨迹[J]. 日本学刊, 2011(3):126-138.MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Fps7djo2DY7KtkZ-8272i

7.肖婷. 现代中日夫妻对称的对比研究[C]// 福建省外国语文学会2010年年会论文集. 2010.7be33861b73d5c4145cbf2ab81cbc54b

8.KAORI SHOJI. Marriage has little to do with romantic love. The Japan Times94a0a2491a65687f10f083f0a91f8c5a

8953347111c8b057ebfb21767ee5747e

f9989dd7620dd65b47e738320b61b6dd

 

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