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你辛苦养大的蛙儿子,日本人却把它当老公!他们是怎么想的?

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72HfGSyuK2i

从没想过我会有这么一天:每天静静地守护着一只蛙5d229e90a1c36c2141cbd7b5ff84615e45142592,看它吃饭、看书、写信、削木头、旅行30c5c7f1b19445d07747c245c02852df4f4e7dc6MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72HfGawpcei

448f1ed5df8837407bd82e253e1bf08b

蛙从来都没和我说过一句话f2eab5606779a24f3752f23059a5c246315c1edc,更没叫过我妈妈83249140b94e86bdd0669cc37ee9cbeb,但我心甘情愿6f9715cac945a14b19155415fa1dfe483b2e9c0dMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72HfGi9y7mi

508619073d892eff1223576e0a2d389e626a3ada

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AmbGKhZyxyKGi

9bb1e4763c2ce5115718e072b412b4b18cd7b2f5

JjVhZTJhYmRjYTIwODE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72HgKq8k7mi

直到有一天1842728946f5b3f03a4ae8b2907b8c4b,游戏设计师告诉我:蛙是老公MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753iGS8y72iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72HgKyw26mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72HgK2yqKmi

JDVhZTJhYmRjYTI2MDI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72HgGWxtaWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72HgGaytbmi

于是343b6b9f869bd8733e89b44cb8cd063f2bf19277,我愤怒的按下了卸载键MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tgGOypami,和蛙永远说再见b26c87e97d15dd903450b7af0d4dd3a711d5427d004e6697722a68f2548b12260ec9b8a8

32d142d967abc277fbe06fd7d2dc5c04

QDVhZTJhYmRjYTJjZDE=

2d95c1ead03ff723f9f0cc238142de1f

ITVhZTJhYmRjYTJmOWU=

IzVhZTJhYmRjYTMwZjg=

然鹅73c7963a962c717b6b97ce1ea8b67573,今天旅行青蛙设计师又辟谣了:旅行青蛙最初的设定不是思念丈夫MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tgGaxy62i,那些是日本网友的游戏反馈8e34adc40aa226935c1a3141a84896df,当然也不一定是盼儿归来MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tgZuxuLGi,希望玩家可以自由发挥de90fe4a1284386f1d3028d84381654b,把青蛙想象成任何角色c3ac6de2f3fb79d0e6f1ca10bc295f1aMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72HhKuxpb2i

e4c3c2a9310e758c323eac63888744e0cffcfa67

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72HhGOwtbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72HhGSx28-i

KjVhZTJhYmRjYTM3ZWM=

为什么日本玩家和中国玩家MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tgZ6w27Gi,养的蛙不是“同一种”?6ad7072461dccb4064ea04b4906878555b9c5017

接下来你将看到:MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AmbGto52woqGi

JTVhZTJhYmRjYTNjMzk=

   ● 呱儿子还是野男人?   46100f24aacd397eb1322b85fb3cf405b5d1ec84

   ● 丧失了姓名的妻子   34c5e2a9d8d5a5c6085792f3fd6098ff

   ● 总被时代抛弃的女性   7294817789f8b0bb6b34b0f1b67880b5

   ● 家庭主妇=不灭的职业2107d8cc0601d4c750f7ef4ae1212ede

不养蛙也不养娃的特约编辑/雪竹MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72HiKywtc-i

8f1929f80323a8f5656f1d3af7d05727dfd9e762

c2511cb33c943e1716ebe8e47ecda424

KjVhZTJhYmRjYTQ3NDI=

呱儿子还是野男人?ba9b40b5fcba91adff1a3c76993b4eaa

QDVhZTJhYmRjYTRhMWE=

NWFlMmFiZGNhNGI4MA==

JjVhZTJhYmRjYTRjZTE=

这段时间c72cc2373d4af39caf2450db19082287,许多女生以及部分男性都陷入了“是花钱养男人还是花钱养蛙”的纠结中40d011c81a17e2896dcc1a929fa002b8c0c1a97598adbef254eedc69960f9dcdbf58cb2d

JjVhZTJhYmRjYTRmOTI=

JTVhZTJhYmRjYTUwZWQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AmbKHfGOxyKGi

直到《旅行青蛙》的设计师表态XjVhZTJhYmRjYzMxMTk=,青蛙的原型寄托了对丈夫的思念MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AnLJ6gGWw2KGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72HjKy8uLmi

JTVhZTJhYmRjYTU1MTc=

在日本KjVhZTJhYmRjYzMyODg=,青蛙有平安归家的寓意f1563f936161b71378af5401d0adc104acf8f509d5391eadaa7215c8ea2ed082

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72HjGW8y6mi

这下好了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72thKy9qK2i,不用纠结了fd2cfa6a8a9539ee230b225381fbbbf6,不是呱儿子MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72thGS9pa2i,都是野男人JjVhZTJhYmRjZDRmMmQ=53051703427c417e1ae832d65d8e8f39

XjVhZTJhYmRjYTVhOTU=

看到蛙又交上了新朋友dd56234f78877cc57f3a5eceef1379e4e39ae292,不再露出老母亲般慈祥的微笑60715e34a31279f5be2cdb5fcf3914c9,而是痛骂:我天天在家门前挖草供你f1b2cc21e58876edd21377e370e8b4abfb9eb374,你天天出门招蜂引蝶?08e565716c61f45621502d0176cc7a2a7ec69cee

d71a99212832adcbaf8f337acc98a636976bca96

39508edeab78a94c0db0bb6498cd0691

ITVhZTJhYmRjYTYwMDc=

8c915700e8dbd4297695869015dd7898

后来3d2d80230a8daffe8b5b930128788f78,当事人跳出来解释3ab32aee040ff6263dfbea6af37f07e7fd3fd228,开发者的初衷只是想设计一款旅行放置类游戏QDVhZTJhYmRjYzNmNzk=,至于把蛙当成儿子还是丈夫7f156d84aa5d74ecd7e9edadbbf6f5882e39fef6MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AmbKdfZ2x2KGi

feeb27c0c023dbe5a51f467d75ab5ea2

全看玩家的理解IzVhZTJhYmRjZDUwOTU=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72HkGOypbmi

756218d8d49041620f722090a33f6ab4

由于文化差异ca3e6b5b011faef84ac5b1ca1f0373f96c2906cd,中国女性觉得青蛙是儿子ea9ede22a26657575908d73d3485ab76e3e46e92,日本女性认为青蛙更像是丈夫4861b89f9ecb50340f015cabb17bc580113628f5MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72HkGawuLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72HkGeypb2i

回头看看游戏的各种设置:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72HkGi9tcui

86de4f09b5284d21ab2e331c60770e81

你天天干家务(收割四叶草、给蛙做饭、给蛙打包行李、招待蛙的朋友);1b2d0e2ab244f995321b9f58ecccd3b8

你能观察到蛙在家里的一举一动QDVhZTJhYmRjYzQ1NDU=,却没什么交流;9ba50abf99e8c710c74173b68410db59

蛙离家之后JjVhZTJhYmRjYzQ2YWM=,在外面招蜂引蝶1660780e61b9391fde5c98fe3ccf84f096467294,你还天天惦记着他1484172b1d1342e37776e4693db470ddd535eefd,盼着他早些回家ec5dea773b955657220c08f717e558593fe073efMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AmbKgkGew2KGi

KjVhZTJhYmRjYTcxZWU=

这不就是养了个祖宗吗?0cbee539bfd3f55530a49ceea98b88b2

8823ca3b160ac5ed7e96b25ddef0ea9e

只不过cedc8bc2c036a62461a60cc99d390ae5,在中国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tiZyxqL2i,祖宗是孩子;在日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tiZ2827Wi,祖宗是丈夫104aa4b88204e608fae92947d12a7e67MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72HmmSwtbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72HmmWxy8-i

KjVhZTJhYmRjYTc4ZDU=

JDVhZTJhYmRjYTdhMmU=

JDVhZTJhYmRjYTdiOWI=

235ab5ce3c810a6007fa6a55f7e31ba942aafbb9

虽然干得不多JjVhZTJhYmRjYzRmNDM=,但在中国76d484055627fad0cc70421fdeb638d4,一点家务不做的男性恐怕是极少数ITVhZTJhYmRjZDU2ZTc=abbd92e6a8539bb8146e449208cbc1cd

08efbf44b329e116adad3903a0872ef4

就算不做饭MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tjKuwpb2i,起码还知道洗个碗!NWFlMmFiZGNhODFjZg==

ae8f4a8eda544ee25bfd8a6eba225fed

而在日本18cd0567b3f6a8546e4654f680c291d241a1be7b,根据日本内阁府大臣官房政府情报室的调查56da637ce2702809ffbaf4e50ffb02f126597503,只有 5.2%的丈夫会帮忙打扫房间、做饭的占 2.1%、饭后收拾餐具、刷碗的也仅有占4.6%MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753jGawk6miNWFlMmFiZGNhODRkZA==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72HnmSw262i

有趣的是MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tjGSxta2i,在认为家务活应该由女性自己做的人中JDVhZTJhYmRjYzU3ZTQ=,所有年龄层的女性赞同比例都高于男性8a98d1c90331d6993cea5aadce391cf4477ad6c7e740cfe7e7b87ec07a6cf76f0b68213ec5400c4e

JjVhZTJhYmRjYTg5NzA=

特别在已婚女性中这一现象更加突出MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753jGe8zrmif1e41a03962bb935fcdf65ea547acd3d893ccdb9

ITVhZTJhYmRjYThjNWI=

这符合我们心目中传统日本妻子的形象:成婚后冠夫姓、退出社会生活、照顾丈夫的生活起居、生育后承担凡乎所有的育儿工作、承担家务劳作MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72tjGi8k7Gi,同时在家里地位低下bb60ab009d6d71ea3640b2c0f4835233,对丈夫言听计从MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm753jZuw26WiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72Hn528y6Wi

587e40406536f4dca14e35d7faeb3c29

7fdef1c914c128aec8d70c5ad4704396

71c065731298dde078e4597366a08234

XjVhZTJhYmRjYTkzZDE=

● 日剧《昼颜》ecb58aee1904c53ccdc7bc61f1552649e44ef3b1

c9224f632edca3bf6837c7541df3ce7243004acc

形成如此独特的夫妻关系ef0edd0d25e9bf0543c0a2eacc1d0fc3872541e2,原因有三点:日本特有的婚姻观、日本传统的社会观念JDVhZTJhYmRjYzVmNTM=,以及对现实的妥协657b00613b8d6c5e01025925000ef49eXjVhZTJhYmRjYTk4NTA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72Home8tbWi

XjVhZTJhYmRjYTliM2I=

ITVhZTJhYmRjYTljYWU=

丧失了姓名的妻子ITVhZTJhYmRjYTllMmM=

6a768f976346eaad78afe465f69e5cc86eeee4d2

b418a344c102f15447fbe5d7fec7e82d1a2f92a3

从微博上粉丝的留言能看出来e6749e46d67dd67a5ded46efcaffb778420e0456,大家之所以不接受蛙是老公的设定JjVhZTJhYmRjYzYyMmY=,最大的原因正在于招蜂引蝶这一点7ec538d29ccaeb34a1dc8c566c19c6fc382daff5JjVhZTJhYmRjYWEyOGY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KfKy9tbGi

89eca67d5d1edd111a5a57ac79a87fd14745dc06

14cec64225384a49cb73a47793d855a135e56252

IzVhZTJhYmRjYWE4M2I=

● 对于出轨的蛙baa4f72ca76e1707e989c2facda913d6,中国粉丝的反应MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KfGeyqLWi

6345e3e5c369f02dcb1e5ccba1dd11c0

难道日本妻子不会被这种丈夫气死吗?JTVhZTJhYmRjYWFjNjM=

bbc11982bc9706fd6b6642832f176c0d

还真不会MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753jZ-ypbGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KfZ-wpcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72KfaCxuL2i

著名社会学家傅高义在调查日本工薪族时就发现了这个问题MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm753jaC9y7miJTVhZTJhYmRjYWIxYmY=

36e17d7c80c2c03ee0ca8b23d43365fac4fe0d3f

日本工薪族的妻子曾告诉他MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tkK29y6mi,丈夫有婚外情更好MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753kKuxuL2i。有了婚外情ITVhZTJhYmRjYzY2NzI=,丈夫心里有愧MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tkGW827Wi,反而更温和KjVhZTJhYmRjYzY5NTU=,更容易相处了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753kKy9taWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KgK2ypaWi

XjVhZTJhYmRjYWI2MGY=

傅高义还发现210b86e614642f1a27112e45ffd2ce49,一九五八年日本禁止卖淫以前MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tkZu9zrWi,相当多的妻子支持卖淫合法存续IzVhZTJhYmRjYzZkNWY=,理由是她们的丈夫需要排解JDVhZTJhYmRjZDY1NWQ=2b3092f5e7fc1402a87b8f5dd4ac01af832b34f8

dbfa14bae1e6a82792e140d8696ea513143ca2cb

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KgGiw28ui

4d755e4d2d10c6dc9c8144e5b7d23b4373d3e4e0

64002f07639ecc82bd52a4e31b2699423ceb3700

d85f739a5f03863a06fbc6febeeb55bf8969876a

对日本人来说8f10ed66a078e7327df775b61a04d9ccMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KgaCwpcei

QDVhZTJhYmRjYWMxYTI=

结婚和恋爱是两码事c3b5529794e435e241623843a366814cJTVhZTJhYmRjYWMzMGI=

KjVhZTJhYmRjYWM0NjM=

结婚的真正目的是生儿育女、传宗交代8e3150c5975034f7fb368111c74659eec75b0542,其他任何目的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72tmqqxy7Gi,只能曲解结婚的真实含义MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AnLKdmquwoqGid0471bc7a8a6c6b4f4863096ae14b470cd4ef41d

13f41df9adde22fd0a2e893e337ef2cd

日本有三句传统的结婚誓言:5bf3e5d98020082ae0792e242fb57af2

0f1c3e45b4cf3d928349d384f5798e78

“你愿意为我做味增汤吗?”(俺のみそ汁を作ってくれない)JTVhZTJhYmRjYWNiNjc=

“你愿意和我埋在一起吗?”(俺と一緒のお墓に入らない)JDVhZTJhYmRjYWNjYzc=

“我们一起变老吧b4bef855498cb451d6f9818e70c0a259570bc780。”(一緒に年をとろうよ)IzVhZTJhYmRjZDZhZTA=60e3daf0063dbc8516fbba860c67dee204debc44

f464e9d7983720eef762ed9c2de6274e

想必许多中国女性没法接受这种结婚誓言d72a0648559b71f21dcce090bd5e32e79add3a4a,尤其是第一句MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72tmq2wtbWi,听到后恨不得一碗味增汤泼男方脸上330858790d3e095d9670518b0addbdda26377d69MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KhaC8zr2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KiKuwtc-i

36d4a297dbcf6551ae191065e8689607

d7f1e10b1f9497c6f108640f8e630dd7

b81bc01f0d45348e3031939176919a33c60cc1a7

● 日本电影《小花的味增汤》MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KiGW9tb2i

QDVhZTJhYmRjYWQ5N2I=

但对日本人来说dc8d8057c0e16f2978163724c6d9ef81,这正是结婚的意义:不是为了爱情、不是为了浪漫MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72tmmS9tbGi,而是为了找到归宿、为了安稳MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753kZ28taWi1b35a5965f2b1b88e2557947fb2a59e05864ca4d

JDVhZTJhYmRjYWRjNDk=

如果婚姻不是爱情的最终形态b006778dfdd31da6e70eff0e7659841a,而是一种生活方式JTVhZTJhYmRjYzc5ZGM=,当作消遣出轨几次810c16aa136527e527ff82b144cd037e,似乎也不是不可原谅的事情cc281b140580164b511b5941a50ada60QDVhZTJhYmRjYWRkYjE=

147de173b5e832668a8be9307453b1db87e6f5df

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KiaCxzqmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KjKq9tbmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KjKyxuKmi

从对夫妻的称呼NWFlMmFiZGNjN2NjOQ==,能看出中日婚姻观的差别JjVhZTJhYmRjZDcwOTI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KjK29pa2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KjGSwk62i

在中国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72tm56wuLGi,无论是妻子还是丈夫ffbddf92d647c98447a5be3a1149addf,有八成以上的人都会用名字或者昵称叫对方MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753mqq9tbWif893f0de42ac27181c5e978b0a3191b58191433d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KjGewuLmi

中国的夫妻用“孩儿他爸”、“孩儿他妈”这类称呼的并不会太多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753mqyxqL2ibfbf9da735c8188bea545f911dc4f608

50f40f332d33739aa523e844a61adc17

就算结婚了KjVhZTJhYmRjYzgxMDU=,丈夫和妻子都还是独立的个体5ce1e5545b386f63c4f166679d9a71270c352d11,婚姻关系带来的身份转变并没有影响个人的存在感MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753mq2826mi44ac65dd0ff3bb2cfee983970a1f77855cf5b7f8

fb3b9cde7eb74ddfab798845433c68bbd16b8f12

f97eea5b1c73f566eb7ce9531e1ce880

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KkKq8tcui

NWFlMmFiZGNhZjMzZQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KkK2ytaWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KkGSwpa2i

而在日本IzVhZTJhYmRjYzgzZDg=,夫妻间最常用的称呼是“爸爸”“妈妈”c687d7c9a9cd92f459235b14f230b5acMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72KkGWx272i

NWFlMmFiZGNhZjkwMQ==

妻子叫丈夫“爸爸”的比例是丈夫叫妻子“妈妈”的差不多两倍31d7c4c608d1eb582ec8cf679a63f5d5MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72KkGixta2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KkZu8zqmi

日本语言学家铃木孝夫认为NWFlMmFiZGNjODU1MA==,“爸爸”“妈妈”使得丈夫变成了孩子的父亲JTVhZTJhYmRjYzg2YzA=,妻子变成了孩子的母亲KjVhZTJhYmRjZDc5MGI=JTVhZTJhYmRjYWZkMzk=

XjVhZTJhYmRjYWZlOWU=

丈夫和妻子成了承担某种任务的角色40dd921b3483244263d6211ca6263fed,这种角色并不会因个人的意志为转移KjVhZTJhYmRjZDdhNzE=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72KkZ-9uL2i

d0e92195cd793787db14e98869a2d8ff53f5cded

正因为如此0ffd9ee8c595d6a60b80dbb13da32b932d9bb7c0,爸爸和妈妈之间的关系比丈夫和妻子之间的关系有更高的稳定性37afd44aaff29d6fa3e7c42be21b928b896733cff2d0030f844fb83c771e265289e981e2b7704819

QDVhZTJhYmRjYjA0NTk=

JTVhZTJhYmRjYjA1YzI=

QDVhZTJhYmRjYjA3MzU=

a5b7ae13cad73dea824ce957a09ec6af6d30b106

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72deGiwpcui

日本丈夫会直接用名字叫妻子a2d3c5268dc97de03ae9a0a908410a9a,但妻子从不会直呼丈夫的名字;有四分之一的丈夫甚至会用“喂”这种显得粗鲁无礼的词来称呼妻子XjVhZTJhYmRjZDdkNzE=97902401990f6ae1dc96b5092652a2bb8e68b568

406160f07597809a14f37e754b0aa5f3

在外人前086d6c55e04f91311cbdae374dc96a18d73ad7d0,丈夫将自己的妻子称为“家内”(请注意MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tn528k62i,这是日语3d39ea4542dd6ab549b0e2df087fc39e。字面意思:家庭内部)e49cb86bef52a4ff9f28f867846849bcbb6f8f0aKjVhZTJhYmRjYjBlNjE=

a0b41143f2cdd9a98c6b0428a83494b8a6a108fa

朋友和熟人用“奥さん”(字面意思:待在后面即家里的人)称呼别人的妻子MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tn5-w27Wi,仿佛妻子天生就该待在家里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753nqq9pcui79eedc7c7292a503057ef87f83684bc617968f3b

b2f9b4a7883a1bd9b3bfc920e29d4c77aea5d5ae

其实QDVhZTJhYmRjYzkwYmY=,在泡沫经济前JTVhZTJhYmRjYzkyMmI=,日本社会对女性的要求一直都是好好经营家庭f00aa2272f5d9e543d3415a20f0c0e1f,全力支持丈夫工作MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753nqyxta2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AmrGHgZ2w2KGi

15d05682f00f3e464e3d6324e0dc1cfa

JTVhZTJhYmRjYjE2YjY=

总被时代抛弃的女性0ed97844d79d2d7328d5d82c008e2bf692cd9bd5

JDVhZTJhYmRjYjE5OTE=

JTVhZTJhYmRjYjFhZjk=

2aee4c69fe49328ffa54265fa8481c21

在不少亚洲国家c325e852ae3b4ab025881706e6d08e8a,提到男尊女卑MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tomSxqLmi,跑不了儒家思想的影响ITVhZTJhYmRjZDg1MDI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72dfZ28y7Gi

81fcaaf4d75dbb54744bbf6960e5ea0f

特别是曾向中国虚心学习过的日本cac5d05ca7feb398f767ae9e89d83770ca5b3563db82c4f7109f28879aac625b2d876719

QDVhZTJhYmRjYjIyMGE=

江户时代d0f5930992d18f90138348608520259f3da9f03c,日本的儒学者贝原益轩编写的《女大学》作为最权威和最知名的女性修身书被社会广泛采纳 d2c7cc48eb13d066d9a39355d888ab1a10e6457aadca12fa93732fd5f33bd8a45684b19f

c78530011e6c7b653e34955085da6874879d66da

贝原益轩的论调听起来很耳熟cd484e415a6c965f5ff52bad78231e4e,和中国某些女德班差不了多少:“虽然丈夫喝酒、玩女人、骂妻子、责备孩子、吃喝嫖赌无所不干a9f9af432a2fd64ebc267ea3575fdcfafab257b4,但妻子还是应该服从丈夫、伺候这个不负责任的男性ee0f02aaf7150d075b54aef9cb7b06ef28bf63b2。如有意见3f5de9408d43d8c0a2bdc25c9ebc79054ab832e3,妻子也应该很和气地对丈夫提出bf3976ccd69106c165382a6ed10fd12e02835a80。”8244d02a5ef92e12345253591257e3de

7638395e84dd93ede511e0077377608e

贝原益轩认为NWFlMmFiZGNjOWRiOA==,女性应当遵守 “三从”、“四德”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2Am7OKjKuxoqGi,即 “未嫁从父”、“既嫁从夫”、 “夫死从子 ”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72to6Cxk7Wi, “妇德 ”、 “妇言”、 “妇容”、 “妇工”QDVhZTJhYmRjZDhjODU=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72dgGewqLWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72dgGiyqK2i

做女人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71lfKq9tbmi,最重要的是顺从0d8929a1932892751a502c84b8bbdfcbITVhZTJhYmRjYjJjMDg=

f992433cbcf62fb9a6c46dcf1e55ef68

716b6f19a51d038da5e0c778b026349645b401e4

XjVhZTJhYmRjYjMwNDg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72dhKqyuKmi

● 女德班的“训诫”78f443f267d87d5c9220c8e77a176905ed0f2634

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72dhK2xy8ui

和中国一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71lfKyxtaWi,得先生和赛先生的到来曾让日本女性的地位稍微提高了那么一丢丢ITVhZTJhYmRjZDhmN2Y=ITVhZTJhYmRjYjM1ZjI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AmrGtkGO9yKGi

印在一万日元上的福泽谕吉曾对《女大学》进行严厉的抨击cc60cdcd53b3689cdbbc80b3a62e08a6a885ea84044dbb6a9903269dc97627bdd41a12df228886d0

83ba881d29b49e90bcc79bfd1a4ee567

庆应大学创立者福泽谕吉质问道:在社会上凭武力抢夺他人的东西JDVhZTJhYmRjY2E0ZGQ=,或者损坏他人的名誉366ca4673f58375c433d3059a6814c18e32c1b87,我们把他们叫做“罪人”XjVhZTJhYmRjY2E3ZGI=,而且根据情况他们会被判刑4989e00d300457a37b1e933b32eca183QDVhZTJhYmRjYjNiYjU=

ITVhZTJhYmRjYjNkMWM=

然而NWFlMmFiZGNjYTk1ZQ==,为什么社会对女性被羞辱的现象无动于衷?为什么社会不指责男性?1fecc9a10b29180a0f2d16334ccaf2e6c2cd0103

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72dhZ-9pbWi

之后96c46af95737916113898c70f07c13bd4d68dfda,女性运动的小火苗被战争浇灭了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753oqy9uKmie07493dee5616c02e775bc64637f5c3db451c4e9

JjVhZTJhYmRjYjQyZGI=

战争年代ee772e5121445f64bbc568b3362034979caba4ac,因为生理差别ce3cdfe2a12ee3393136b76e796772b0,男性成为主力中的主力JDVhZTJhYmRjZDk1OTM=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72diK2wzrGi

b49a804d72a19635c44abdf0b8964845d59f19c6

而女性MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71lfZ69y7mi,只能守在家里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753omS9tcei6494c2551b6985ab5f3615cc3e942b3b

cd786c352d523f6d512b7f32d2d81a8e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72diGe9tami

0f3c5e0677b7967f2a7c497634ec77ee

914138335ae79986b11a99020953641003129f30

1882年 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71lfaCxuLWi,日本文部省在教育通牒中对女子的教育方案进行了调整8b6879800fb7b174d280398693039564,减去英语、数学、三角法三个科目8ea669976b2d237e2c9c6a0def1c75577c6f1af1,要求女性学习裁缝、家务、女礼、音乐c282d8c678cb5a13366e2401c27aa800MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72diZ6wy7Gi

85eeb9c8ae15f918c1bea9055eec6021f147070d

1890年NWFlMmFiZGNjYjRiYg==,明治政府颁布了《明治宪法》c2d5dbc9fb46f178d545620f7e462bfc156b1839,这部宪法又被称为《大日本帝国宪法》MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AnLOHoquxoqGi。听名字MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm71lgGWxk72i,就能猜到这部宪法的性质94616f4b52ae9ba8a3f18646388432268118af85ITVhZTJhYmRjYjUxMWQ=

407adfd1c9be28f9f8daa1e31fdfd048

在该宪法体制下01f62ea9980cac51e94582fc96781563,不论女性是否拥有财产MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71lgGixta2i,一律不给予参政权和公民权 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753o52wqL2i16c26f13d12b10ff2bbcefe305b47c15

7843d9b509ef87cd598c78d8120c4910

到 20世纪30年代a7f2d0e2d2510e81cefdc1a99245ca67,日本女性已经被称为 “军国的女性”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm71lgZ2wy7Wi,日本的女性用语更是被冠以 “承担教育任务的母亲的语言”的名头 QDVhZTJhYmRjZDllYjc=26c57a06a6a71eed4a012a4a62da2598

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72djGawta2i

战败后82d562dd4c41b924d7e786ea7728b3e8,随着大批军人转业d4abd211333447cf3107492ad134a73550a9e808,日本很快迎来了第一次“婴儿潮”c047b3b811ed0a82367e847414c88b4f2ada61d2,新生儿数量激增6d391374e269ba614060a57c825f2abaITVhZTJhYmRjYjU5OWE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72djGi9uLGi

为照顾孩子JjVhZTJhYmRjY2MzMDg=,也为了给大批转业军人让出工作岗位60052ad36f884f93cfc25567836e6b74,已婚女性从劳动市场中撤离MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71lhGO8262i,回归家庭aaa8a82fac463dee4bfc4fd8b83920b7c11d4db2f9a6be1eb27d216b85ea87a58a791223bc8fa038

84fb50c463ef4937a73ba5747832f89c56bb8556

再往后25daa3fed06f67c04a69ec97a827d788345eb722,20世纪60年代1225657563a7bdd76e95daa01dcf1de0,日本经济进入高速增长期KjVhZTJhYmRjZGEzMzY=JDVhZTJhYmRjYjVmM2E=

KjVhZTJhYmRjYjYwYmI=

为保证男性精力充沛地工作MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm71lhGiwpami,日本再次掀起女性回归家庭的热潮119bd627b7c2023a03c550d98887bffd09a14eb7,鼓励已婚女性离开工作岗位MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71lhZy9ta2i,回家做专职主妇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71lhZ6xuK2i,好好照顾老公0781bca1495816a505000b00d6a6494e646e41b81db2b5577d6b7d5f67718b27

22d8666af3ece5681a0f7f623627c4030c841dfe

7cf88abff821e7630a7e96d4c4c67181df877e4c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72dkGSxuL2i

KjVhZTJhYmRjYjY3ZGM=

4599d9c12044f727d2f92c167f39a7d10eb778ce

虽然日本高等教育普及率很高(日本女性地位很大程度上是由受教育程度和寿命拉上去的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm71lhZ-828ui,这一点和中日韩三国都一样)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71liKqwk7mi,但在日本家长的教育意识中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm71liKu8y62i,依然存在着“男孩上4年制大学、女孩上短期大学”的固有观念6386ac9c22c924d44e39cf617c860251MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72dkGi8y7Wi

fedb0734181d1161193cb660dc6012be

2012年的日本《学校基本调查》显示620fbb1ca1c196c8809e4ccd28093014a4cf3002,女性占短期大学(大概类似于中国的大专)在学人数的88%f175601528b2169d817413dcfe5fd64c5028fd9777abdda35c42768a1e566b7c1215a512ad74d672

0abe7b85e3800e4b8433a3f97824e10c

女大学生主要集中在教育和家政专业MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm756fGa9y8-i465b960444bd5676db23e04fba2da9fdc9a56c77

NWFlMmFiZGNiNzFmNQ==

换句话说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71liGOyuK2i,读短期大学的目的是为了做个好老婆ec55aab99cc3d87fc4f47b484d5a28f043a074916448b4069d3fe1263a10e31c

e97d718d4adbd348cae21eca52a3fa30335db78f

8fb49f82dcd58e6217b0834fb7ab7353

07dab6581b759d57dab23db7610cd640891ea411

家庭主妇=不灭的职业MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72dmmewpb2i

c961968a8dd47d888e827fa30b766bba3778ecc9

JDVhZTJhYmRjYjdiZWM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72dm52wk7Wi

在《日本新中产阶级》书成三十年后MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2Am753kKu9yKGi,傅高义当年的联合研究者重回日本JjVhZTJhYmRjZGFiZjc=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72dm568tbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72dm6Cwtcui

她发现d72856d2e765bd9910aba778b3704074ecb02514,日本不少女性为了进入名牌大学MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71liGe9y62i,拼命努力学习09b038b8b0c927e0f1f9fd9046bb2150c4f95326de12fd33d564a1275c9cc851

JDVhZTJhYmRjYjgyZmY=

然而MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm71liZuxuLGi,她们这么做并不是为了出人头地MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71liZy827Wi,而是因为进了大公司e83bb4d97b809fedf6139bb5bd3d6b3b9a434fee,才能有机会认识条件好的精英男性4325808d7b225d04888ffeb0b97eee7a5dc9173734f062e2f8e13d95e7ad79a6

JjVhZTJhYmRjYjg1ZDk=

许多年轻女性会把“公司里是否有适龄未婚男青年”作为求职标准3e5e3c358ce8f2dc05f40e5b3a3be9bfcebe34b71335a4f3c69441ba801ded308115df50

2d98368a921ec4efe12f7ca5a7b78b8c

也就是说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71liZ-8tc-i11b29da98fb14b6d4a57a3057d7c8308

2a731c71e00fbf19c5d3a128f1378451

努力读书是日本女人找好老公的最佳途径MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm756gKq8y7GiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72dn5y9tcei

6e7328880b5968b8b8f948d3157a81e1a6f6d52a

在日本21868c1f3ba5796c4cfbf3f07b24a75e51132b96,家庭主妇被称为“不灭的职业”JDVhZTJhYmRjY2UyOTI=,是优越生活的代名词8ff4f6e91d1daf7d8bfca1362ad4dd1611b860a88867d82211dc10c0cc0157de

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72doqqwzqmi

日本社会存在很多针对家庭主妇订立的制度MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm71ljKy9tbGi,比如家庭主妇有担税力7960c5db91b5037f05dc15991f934c8bf3bf7f75MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72doquyuLGi

0d9de3258f378932ea2957e21eb10014

如果妻子是家庭主妇XjVhZTJhYmRjY2U1NjU=,丈夫可以少交税24a82d470050473e98f031e63383e118ITVhZTJhYmRjYjk1OGY=

fad395cf5e54d8fcc83ad4c27266831dbdccffae

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72domaxuLWi

7b69788ddd14a31948ef1c0cb83041ec97aef71c

51a630cd05bf5bd13c9cef6e3a7a984a

那么问题来了46b36d450eb07833ce335289c4752e90,在日本2f9898ad53e01116f3a8d9e68133dfb0,如果因为丈夫出轨而离婚KjVhZTJhYmRjY2U5ODA=,抛弃优越的家庭主妇生活c7fdae7b4350b33285b40b3bd14a5cd56531293a,值得吗?b76987c557dafe95f6554efe4c3e160e8d3f35e3

KjVhZTJhYmRjYjllMzA=

据经合组织统计MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71ljZywy8ei,日本单亲母亲贫困率高达66%afad87bff0f3521086d18702166ac7cbMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72do5-xk7mi

3e1ce129888ad90f1721d3d7b0e55e43258796eb

日本男性白领平均年收入约为400万日元(约合23万人民币)ITVhZTJhYmRjY2VkOTg=,而单亲妈妈的平均年收入仅为181万日元(约合10万人民币)c638701d07c98e9c349ec4e8f5633304MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72gfKuxy7Wi

46b08eb78ade242ed4b08921609866e3

日本20代的单亲母亲caed9b687d88cbe1797117512a36bdc7,有八成处于贫困线以下(一年一个人的可支配收入在114万日元以下a06f0089d1c79a9a020209bb2a51b1e4fd3d257c,约合6.5万人民币)NWFlMmFiZGNkYmE0ZQ==QDVhZTJhYmRjYmE1N2M=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72gfGS9paWi

无论是打工/做派遣员工还是做正式职员fabf74efd907e821022bc0375bb81abc5d33633c,对单亲母亲来说b5c6db853c358b8bed953c1bd88775fb,结局都一样3796f8fa020222e9ed8166a30e55f25f2c0bd2221008bde31ed066242d002cbf

20f18ea92776edbcfd43a6adcce99a56

XjVhZTJhYmRjYmFiN2Q=

2e2815f24c419bcde37c037fa70cd140

2cd7950ae613dd0d5ad4dce9f7ab12f7bbb662c1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72gfZ-9qLWi

而产生这种局面有以下几个原因:d3397f6a92349d42035fde1a9056af9c5138f1f0

8c92fe960dcafbd9acc32460af9f160aeeca605e

第一MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm71lkK2xpa2i,同工不同酬IzVhZTJhYmRjZGJkMTM=MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2Amr2dhGOwoqGi

60105daac7d55f0c10ddd0cfff9d9278

干同样的活儿a8e39ac89b424d345a180c551d3e11df327bf784,男性的平均工资如果是100日元a9df83e59a7e8db517eb88cea095336284b6449c,女性的工资只有70.6日元JDVhZTJhYmRjZGJlN2Q=。如果是短期工XjVhZTJhYmRjY2Y4Y2Q=,男性打工者的工资是55.5元KjVhZTJhYmRjY2ZhMzY=,而女性打工者的工资只有50.3元MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AnL2gjZ6yoqGi64bcc7ffae6c8adc8bf15593393eb0ef

7cdd82ddc3d31da76b7cf5a50dad2435181ccade

据调查MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm71lkZuypbWi,女性劳动者在短期工中占大多数c7a2d04ff9cf749d50d62f5ab63c2e75,目前35岁以上的女性中dfbd06a3941dcc5c6a14e62b4d504a3bfed68621,3人中有1人属于短期工78bb78f4dfe54a29b953ac0d80357d12ITVhZTJhYmRjYmJhNDQ=

d4826e13410275ced9c77a8277daf761

据NHK《女性的贫困 “新型连锁”的冲击》介绍8b5f1ea2c68c3a127b26e653e0742034fc122a09,如果想为孩子提供稍微舒服一点的生活、想为孩子将来存点钱MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753eKqxpbWi,单亲母亲一天要打三四份工MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753eKuyuL2i,工作时间超过十小时9248a0fb939312feaf9a6955d2014bf8c173590a。她不能生病不能休息1b5781d9b33c838e5547467d04b00ce5,只能捱过一天算一天72d3eb481bd3940687f54c5440d162945303ef93QDVhZTJhYmRjYmJkMzA=

43b31416535e7a8adf0b60e1f0075826

更可怕的是4d832941574d7f41620c38a09e45296989df2c08,将一天的时间全都用在打工上的话KjVhZTJhYmRjZDA2Y2E=,单亲母亲根本没有精力提升自己750312926b986c841cc6c09b6f3818e5ec40a361,她只能打一辈子工QDVhZTJhYmRjZGM1YWY=e0d2ed1ea228b39ba541b61f0bd7ea615ce31c57

478228c08eec0c6f0a5dff83031ed3b6c738400f

年轻时还能扛得住314534f495afbe6cffd31c2ecc92af58,老了怎么办?c21c04b927868c79b73bb6d3711ba96e

JDVhZTJhYmRjYmM0NDY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72ghGOyuKmi

ea880f9a23addf180524f378abd1f03123934fda

5143094f1b89f3e8fef92b38d03635f1

● 在不抚养亲生孩子的女性中dd1ef5fe51b91870bd4800e7456a59d6e80a6441,52%出自经济原因JTVhZTJhYmRjYmNhMGU=

JTVhZTJhYmRjYmNiOGI=

第二b1b62556ddbbfb2fb56499742732c40a,日本的职场性别歧视普遍029e8893e8159369d4528df6db1d9b8caff25c76,女性的晋升机会很少MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AnL2tkKq9sqGi73d43681ebab89f0e43dd257d897cb881e00cedc

3b0d237775faffa72d1976c6f8e46c392fd653c9

1985年36dd911a948a853fb5aebdac7ae21e234a21d07e,日本出台《男女雇用机会均等法》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753eaCxy8ei,规定“企业在招募、录用方面XjVhZTJhYmRjZDExY2Q=,必须给予女子和男子平等的机会”XjVhZTJhYmRjZDEzMzQ=,这是企业的义务QDVhZTJhYmRjZDE0OGU=,无论在什么情况下0efa01290d0b447671a0354e5229504732fa98ad,任何职业JjVhZTJhYmRjZDE3NWI=,都不能把“因为是女性”作为排除女性应聘者的理由3324f8820afb2538ed959fdaf9bbf81031b2fe83XjVhZTJhYmRjYmNmZDQ=

faf6197a32ca8f54bc69058df7ebf399

这本是好事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm756hGe9ta2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72giKuyuLWi

JDVhZTJhYmRjYmQ0MWM=

但在同一年JDVhZTJhYmRjZDE4YjY=,日本通过了变向允许加班的“弹性劳动时间制”f6cd23bba2d55676797d49596b0e1e56917e4b23df1f9593507ce17429eb91df

be744c745beae8c5733fe690ff80f387

日本人把加班看成天经地义的事儿b4fab10c3091058c67cda9e530d4379f6e0892ae,不加班想升职门都没有IzVhZTJhYmRjZGNjZGY=。然而JTVhZTJhYmRjZDFiOGY=,对单亲母亲而言47d4f0efc7ab56d0f86ea2f862744d378f4f86dc,加班不是一个选项921cfb1f19d5dab94dec395067dd44adMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72giGaxtc-i

75a3f8a83079eaf250db5aa62235709bc40f6ce8

天天加班、陪上司喝酒XjVhZTJhYmRjZDFlNDU=,孩子怎么办?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72giZuwzrGi

JTVhZTJhYmRjYmRjYmM=

2011年891dc82f0796cda24d256a57ec18d388,女性担任相当于股长职位的比率为15.3%;科长的比率为8.1%;部长的比率仅有5.1%6a2f5da15a120a62e10627a9addaf7fe。大多数女性只能在职场从事低层端茶倒水整理文件的工作3ed6b34b67df31ae9c3b67c17117ef61edc717ea。既然是对专业能力要求不强的工作MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm753faC9zrWi,与其招一个每天因为孩子生病早退的大龄妇女80102fbd6dcd826f9805e1547866e126,不如招一个漂亮的年轻女孩子JTVhZTJhYmRjZGQyYWU=488ec939e89b079b4d86a77b696907ee07f2ee98

f3e893ec3bc5a9e678ef79d0bbc161f6

因此12f1af26018bad109bc4aa4029fe5ff2,日本女性学者将《男女雇用机会均等法》出台的1985年称为日本的“女性贫困元年”ff4fabbc7076107279ecaaf403b5b052224ddbaaMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72giaC9pami

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72gjKuw27mi

相比一个人扛起一个家的单亲母亲MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm753gGOwuLWi,家庭主妇生活要幸福得多dba056f162c4cfff5a03d4401a554356821e0bb069b3ef2c54721572a08e8313e6f86118

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72gjK29tbmi

1aaf336cbe4683b61e45bdf5b4476a64

f1546ad33ec9e8eb8e38c9e8cbaddf9c

4eb7bbadc841aefc65d16929f4ef4b7c3a3e64b4

上午伺候完丈夫孩子、做完家务1f16c0d7920b1d223f82bf298137de41,下午就可以约朋友喝下午茶、逛街、参加各种兴趣班2c131ba5220dc73ddc5ac34ae9a19c78,晚上再回家做饭就好01767c87df6edd6c1c522b27b409d61449a93c8e192e89fe94b4d81ff2bcf9e95193bf3f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72gjZu9uLWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72gjZ2xuKmi

不必在外头拼死拼活的工作MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753gGe9uKmi,也不必忍受职场的歧视与性骚扰39a2b8222c6886a1d8570a97d9ba5282,再加上日本特有婚姻观念和社会刻板印象的影响704ff65f7f0b390914f1b2d24aa516cf,家庭主妇确实有被称为“不灭的职业”的资格25867b08a0f7ec3def391f9782285e94efde44ecaab0218c2a2baef535cf7bceed3287ba

IzVhZTJhYmRjYmYwNGE=

夸张点说XjVhZTJhYmRjZDJlYTU=,如果丈夫结婚是为了娶一个佣人加保姆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm753gZ-9zrWi,那么妻子结婚就是为了一张长期饭票b1be3a0db57a315c48dfd6a8841e757e31d3255148b66072056bd1b539dd5c43e783cfb3

19c650fa0595010c27780dea34c95338134088cc

只要丈夫按时拿钱回家MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753hKqxk7mi,不做家务啦30e882017ff2609cc5025c5ae9140a61,出轨啦f121df6a9206b8cffd0300421f53b28f,都是小问题ITVhZTJhYmRjZGRiNTE=9af9a165ec79fe90a4d45229baf90da2

62cbdacdc54c5cc10c280df32e05a3c109db77ab

6a2870aec77618b9937f43d230ec14fa6c8f15cc

b35d7f792c6dd15accf03b85ee8d8cbf

2dcad7961667a572306d96b115a1a194

0adc4464782dcc2bf75b67dfa0117522733ec598

c659b732db2f4555568e7b69ffdf2bfb

就像养蛙游戏里边的蛙一样347108fca0b9bb3723e04657dc4bf7f0ebbc377bf4fc44b7240543fdbc6fa592c9a1d00fd5214abd

ITVhZTJhYmRjYzAwMGQ=

虽然在外面招蜂引蝶NWFlMmFiZGNkMzYxMQ==,但蛙没有忘记你MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753hGWxy8-i,记得给你寄明信片ITVhZTJhYmRjZGRlMjU=747c97f4d6f69f4efcdd1f44714c986f

KjVhZTJhYmRjYzAzMWM=

虽然总不在家bf38c81adca9192e79cc7b3e10199ee173f05b55,但蛙总归会回来XjVhZTJhYmRjZDNhYWU=,每次回来还给你带一大堆好吃的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm756iZ-x28ui9329c7d309076e95718350d7c604d5bfe788f157

10adf5438737db773e5a027b4e06893d

更重要的是MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2AnLFlgKuwyKGi,蛙种在门前的四叶草种子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm753hZ2ytbWi,能定期长出钱来dae741376fa58bf37d969e6d237248108469c0cdMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftKDz6nNjn2Am7F3kGiw2KGi

1be67f98203b2e979876b402e73eb5b33eceb668

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6Qtq3MjaOEm72teGiyuL2i

1c9899ed9700e97c5f0cbd0431849682

42461a5316f3b607ca99af01b504b1aa3a24a40b

参考资料:549ec839e1c74d0b131448e8bb6e458a

1.傅高义MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753hZ-wuLmi,《日本新中产阶级》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6Qtq3MjaOEm753haC8uK2i,上海译文出版社JDVhZTJhYmRjZDQyNmQ=,2017.XjVhZTJhYmRjYzEwNTk=

2.师艳荣. 日本女性M型就业模式的变迁及发展趋势[J]. 日本问题研究, 2013(1):84-90.d9c0ea1dea85a6bb9cf28beada0fd439846a58bc

3.杨春华. 日本女性回归家庭意愿上升的社会学分析——基于社会性别差异的视角[J]. 南开学报(哲学社会科学版), 2015(4):149-158.0eecadf99ed983bd9a5a8a9451079563421ae52f

4.金海兰, 肖巍. 浅析当代日本女性职业劳动的困境[J]. 中华女子学院学报, 2016, 28(5):85-91e1fc27587ebaaa3e8188a78fe0bc81ce

5.寺尾千佳子. 现代日本女性婚姻观的变迁 受到中国思想影响的日本女性们[J]. 2011.MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6Qtq3MjaOEm72tfGO8zr2i

6.赵蓉. 从女性语言变迁看日本社会发展的轨迹[J]. 日本学刊, 2011(3):126-138.09bbc074a07b68e30c2184d6b77f0958

7.肖婷. 现代中日夫妻对称的对比研究[C]// 福建省外国语文学会2010年年会论文集. 2010.e91b91e8ee69b3b875616be1cf56361b

8.KAORI SHOJI. Marriage has little to do with romantic love. The Japan Times92e813b4ab325cc8002ec0bda4304688

25b0c7e5d0ec5f3449bcdb79c16b3fab

62f88bce861a4e2841b637912fa57c3754400733

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