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致命护栏、吸人泳池...夺命设计原来就在你我身边?

象君提醒:本文内容可能会造成您情绪上的不适MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrKHeGWwk7Wi,请酌情阅读522cbfaeb73e418314bd42a9f7b6cacb2f6253eaITViMDE2NWU5MzA4NjQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGteGe8y7Wi

大家好be3d9f46e1e7b03726580a3d932b6877,我是心情很沉重的象君0e8c919bb844f1c08dd4107ad3b6de69

不知道大家前两天看新闻时feccd3f48b48c2a59ae1babb29b027a2b5e54eaa

有没有注意到这样一则消息:JjViMDE2NWU5MzBkZWU=

dd66aec679726689e64dd6c078ec6c21930d5e76

2月27日c7e0b833ac61734048359acb85a05abdb9b0ac45,武汉一名女孩在公交站等车时cfd1952b25ab07e1a22b96d2a6825a8c9168b44b,踩到自己的行李箱后滑倒ce63bfe840786b15e78ccced1490d552589d3a26,脖子卡在了背后护栏的间隙中0c20023d2b00d04f74e5350a96b079d3,当场窒息身亡6d50c4e1220735a9471b966a00c81380cc81dfed8e6b0d4d7da66edda4d6e5b0def7c1d5bc2d4189

1f545518179db580b9463fbc60d6ffef95a7447a

934d230d8d95c94f22a33181603c2316

事故还原图示90774f4b7a05fd8f2dfd5c6bf9d587ca

JTViMDE2NWU5MzE2NGM=

d36df368cb6cc9627daeb2a45fe4039b

ecee6e7516fef4b54eae6699d2209659

案发现场(图片来源:现代快报)25c1f24c3b17101718dbf7e72536a62c

e78f8d412366e2f33b319edff1bfb7d6

年轻的生命就这么说没就没了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtfZ2wzrWi

真的让人非常痛心、惋惜MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtfZ6yqLGi

听说女孩还有半年就研究生毕业了XjViMDE2NWU5MzFmZjk=

为了离家近一些1479993f291a3432f333bdfe6059654603db6522,好照顾妈妈09fb30067c8dcb32382f2ab12710379fff063fb7

还放弃了武汉近20万年薪的工作MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtgKu8y7Gi

哎......JTViMDE2NWU5MzI0MmM=

因为护栏问题而酿成的悲剧NWIwMTY1ZTkzMjU5Yg==

已经不是第一起d0b48ea37798d6ab12230bad974e41bb

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdq7GdmmS8yKGi

XjViMDE2NWU5MzI5ZDY=

ITViMDE2NWU5MzJiNWI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtgZy8tc-i

XjViMDE2NWU5MzJlMjE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdq7GgjGaysqGi

在呼吁围观群众及时援助的同时04960e4c893b387353f301699413e37f342b0398

221a12e417d04078daddd7b2a53dab72

不少网友也对护栏设计提出了质疑fce992d1e9798594ace7c0b65479360fa65f3e57

a7161a35cefdc8b717696ecfb6fffd202a42d913

c11102bde26195f9f3f129fa065a32552c8cdde3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrGthGW8tc-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGthGewpaWi

9dcf1a8c0fea5663084374afcc928e49

c08ae8f79eef2b97343463ce2671d4882c170b9f

590e4f7ed32c453f26f9edc2ede40db13e913892

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGthZ6xk72i

338ef4f7137aad99ffde9583e286ac3dd2178c40

“杀人护栏”两个栏杆之间的间距与凹槽MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtiKqxy6mi

恰好可以卡住一个人的脖子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtiKu9pcui

而造成脑部供血不足d6c800cb8c72fc4c834eede8b51aff116f9f0104

持续40-50秒人的意识就会出现模糊MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtiGO8uKmi

五六分钟就会造成脑死亡ITViMDE2NWU5MzQ3M2I=

797229fcd0e2e321461cb8d9ff2e374afc2b0657

在设计上确实存在着缺陷c6be905b9e660afe5ae81f20018cd6ea71b8cd56

72a96321a713fa07d7015c94462da744

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrGtiZy8zrWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgo2HZrGtiZ6wy62i

为什么不合理的公共设施依然存在?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtiZ-xk62i

就目前的相关条例来看af4e2cde2478b18467d0d8af01cce1e6

城市行人护栏并没有明确的间距标准JDViMDE2NWU5MzUyNDE=

造成很多护栏在设计时只考虑了便携与美观40b0908279e9bb9121ea7d119c9003590638bdae

期待未来相关机构能够完善这块内容MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtjK29tbWi

保障更多人的出行安全f3516c3f1439c7034a11c6da457dfa00

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtjGWyta2i

除此之外IzViMDE2NWU5NTEyMGM=,生活中不乏因为设计缺陷而导致悲剧发生的事件ITViMDE2NWU5NTEzOWY=,比如说——MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrGtjGa9zrmi

813aa4fbb70e2f7d6c62a8aa252c7a6fa1babdf8

4d491b229846cae3a7a39b19522aa713

宜家“夺命柜”ae618ebda62fafcc24aea643ecbd91a1

f706e1b3e8a44c3d65a30043269dea413e24d53f

早在2014年e00020d7bb51a6f0d59671faec9412361c2bf54d,美国一位两岁男孩库伦·克拉斯a532603dbf27b922f896085a6ace03fc

被倒下的宜家马尔姆六屉柜压在床上死亡KjViMDE2NWU5MzYyODc=

其母亲对宜家发起诉讼ebcb905940c53d2aa14a039252c62ec0

她认为这一柜子具有“缺陷性和危险性设计”ITViMDE2NWU5MzY1ODI=

此后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrKHfGSx26Wi,高于60厘米的宜家儿童衣柜ITViMDE2NWU5MzY3MTI=

在美国被要求停用afcadec92b3dd7d233f40b982b5d1e3f

1ccbfb5eefdf6680bf029413e6f7f46c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdq7KgfZ69oqGi

JDViMDE2NWU5MzZkYTc=

所下图所示MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtkZ69zqmi

如果柜子没有被正确固定在墙壁上IzViMDE2NWU5MzcwYzk=

即使是刚学会走路的孩子IzViMDE2NWU5MzcyNmQ=

也能将柜子轻易翻倒d58931916aabda81f46e4ddb4721ae1a

b5a6bea3cca7ff16138694a7b50988bf

a2b7e87f792f7f16ba5c28b5b78c48e8f846609f

9ff9b725eb8a959a898105ad8850ea1c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtmmeytbWi

2016年宜家在美国、c726fa638700f6f865742d6426218979

加拿大召回了3560万个马尔姆抽屉柜MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtm5yxpb2i

2017年底又召回了1730万个MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdq7JlhZyx2KGi

截至目前类似事故已造成8名儿童死亡3da6351ce75e95881160fdb2074a6d9b

“马尔姆”抽屉柜未在中国下架MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgo2HZrGtm6Cytami

官方回应称产品符合中国国家规定KjViMDE2NWU5MzgyNGI=

另外MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgo2HZrKHfGW9uK2i,宜家通过启动“牢牢固定”活动KjViMDE2NWU5MzgzYzQ=

免费给顾客提供约束装置8c3359a3446738b921e3a225ae12ae0ce704cf54,以期消除安全隐患46dcfe97226520c85f8e369d1e9bf0f43b653b2f

a00542626fe5d6f33942a0b104bb8cc8

1ec4667cbd33c9b9e4dd62729da0ab02

ae232f8ffd656c2498d2a4466609bddfd15847c9

54b7c0acf68b13af828922e97c2d6c9b

象君提醒:抽屉柜选购需谨慎b038b0427ff586804ad0892a9340b239,最好能将其固定在墙上6a111b3cef21963d51c5e5cc7caba0466f99265a,杜绝事故发生KjViMDE2NWU5NTUzNDE=JDViMDE2NWU5MzhjYzg=

NWIwMTY1ZTkzOGU1MQ==

332a7eaa7b34bde0901b875d78c5cded

万能插座隐患d048ce9ff6705e5e67af27a5e9a59cee07b5d2e1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgo2HZrGtoqu8uLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdq7OHhGSxsqGi

除了马尔姆抽屉柜存在安全隐患MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGtomO9pami

左边这种不符合国家标准的三孔插座MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgo2HZrGtomWxqLGi

同样威胁着家庭成员的安全1a6c4a0f1adf425c671cec434b908bcedddd2470

JTViMDE2NWU5MzlhOTA=

JTViMDE2NWU5MzljMGM=

KjViMDE2NWU5MzlkOTg=

JTViMDE2NWU5MzlmMTE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrGto6Cxy8ei

因为这种三孔插座在设计时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFlfKq9tbmi

为了兼容两插或三插的国外插头QDViMDE2NWU5M2EzODY=

把插孔设计得很大b603769fc44849de6b0605d3c0166e461777b260,容易引起触电事故ITViMDE2NWU5M2E0ZmY=

而且插座接片与电器插头接触面积过小MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrFlfGSxtbmi

容易使插片过热而导致火灾发生KjViMDE2NWU5M2E4MTk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdq72Hnma8yKGi

af1a0798ffff4a4e7d5cab79e750071f

5e7f619d6dacd38bf4079899982edd9e

图片来源:现代快报2b8bacb3030d6528529774d7f86c0aab2d6eb548

ITViMDE2NWU5M2FmOTg=

这种三孔“万能插座”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdq72KkaCysqGi

国家在2010年就开始已禁止使用ITViMDE2NWU5M2IyYTY=

但是目前仍有些不法商家还在生产销售9ea744a7c8af4985aac7c8756da196c4

新国标要求:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFlgGOypbWi

生产两极和三极插孔分开组合形式的插座7d1567896a75101258aaa7f95d070498

俗称新五孔插座72b4a1eb921f7d42d395ddac0aaaf41a

QDViMDE2NWU5M2JhNDM=

0eb55df1afbe12e57d7d69f25290e8d275ad7ef9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFlgZ2wuKmi

三孔vs五孔插座(图片来源:现代快报)851dc051eb5c281c8937eff2a8f185dc

fbe774335ba4238df698e36314bd82a1

五孔这种插座的插头与插座的接触面积更大ccc088ebd9d4ec08d0af226950fab695

接触更紧密KjViMDE2NWU5NTFmYWE=,降低了触电隐患9eb2dbb8e260163dbdf25604775ec698f11449ff

NWIwMTY1ZTkzYzRlOA==

XjViMDE2NWU5M2M2NjU=

351b06deb84dd758e14e356b1abe51fe

JjViMDE2NWU5M2M5NmU=

象君提醒:购买排插插座时ITViMDE2NWU5NTIxMzE=,一定要拒绝“三孔万能插座”06e23b1a2b8e995163768e2ad245d4ed,选择符合国家新标准的安全插座哦QDViMDE2NWU5NTU0YzA=1518ef6c3da961cb7090a931770bc553

8c06b62bd26a4d86b2138aff1a34f6f1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFlhZ2827Gi

泳池“吃人黑洞”cf223271526e797db610a55a6a475a8426f6ca83

IzViMDE2NWU5M2QxMWQ=

这几天魔都天气跟过山车似的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFliKux27Wi

20多度的气温让象君感到了夏天的气息81018451c5ba4d64c458b4ac8d806e2ec0a35878

身边很多人都开始准备今年的游泳计划了5a90976829297c92405cb6519c92f9dd

说到泳池设计中的安全隐患8ae38e8434fbfab0a7e26a8ecf7df2f3

相信不少站友都看过下面这些新闻MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFliGaxpaWi

fbcdffbadae074af1d5afe9e15a2e6b9

159d609993871f629b87a72afa61ac97

JjViMDE2NWU5M2RjZjI=

ITViMDE2NWU5M2RlNzE=

QDViMDE2NWU5M2RmZjk=

为什么游泳池的排水口会吸人呢?133f7be067a6479dbf97f6701122a7eb

主要是因为为了循环用水并保持干净de8942557ec36ce9abd695359547e033

一般都会进行水循环MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFljK2xy6Wi

常见的循环设计模式有:逆循环和顺循环MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFljGO9qLGi

如图所示MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrKHgK2wpbWi,逆循环模式中acf26e22b17f91bfe3e996ccc7ef33deaf760443

注水口在池底MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdYrGdiGeysqGi,从下往上注水658afdd399e5205535c4c932e0163234

这种模式的泳池池底不会吸人KjViMDE2NWU5M2VhOTA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFljZu9tbmi

cafd0edeff7d2fa3f96f2b6187318af1

79a8e6a432f4d8c9dfeca93f3b96df3a

图片来源:好奇实验室NWIwMTY1ZTkzZjBhZQ==

KjViMDE2NWU5M2YyMzU=

而顺循环模式中JDViMDE2NWU5M2YzYjQ=

泳池的排水口在底部MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFlkGOwqKmi

一旦排水口外部的防护罩网破损或脱落MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFlkGSypc-i

d2537298175fca688d0a10319c52daa276fe030b

附近的游泳者就有可能被吸住c7460f98538cc66fd9897281d8c418e6

NWIwMTY1ZTkzZmIzZQ==

d967905dd749c17b68d39f39eff906a83175197f

图片来源:好奇实验室MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdq76giKu82KGi

为了一求真伪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgo2HZrFlkZ-ytcui

“都市快报”旗下调查类视频栏目MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3eKqwtbGi

——《好奇实验室》824bfbe0621c3be3aaa69c5e1d7c4b9046e38f85

还为此做过真人实测MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3eK2wtami

在只有一个排水口的顺循环泳池中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3eGOyqL2i

把手臂慢慢靠近MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdYbF3kKywyKGi

突然的吸力就把手臂吸进了排水口249a3680d2cdd57389f9bd05d4c02cd4dc567a7d

JTViMDE2NWU5NDBhNDg=

死死卡住QDViMDE2NWU5NDBiZGE=

0c6e45fce49eec0eff14e2df31122b4e68f7a2f1

KjViMDE2NWU5NDBlZDI=

79355571b4bd1124d00193d018a7bff3

工作人员立即关掉水泵7c5a6d069a5ae8fc082bb11790e9f8df

实验员才得以把手拔出来JjViMDE2NWU5NDEzNjM=

ffe933f4ff7d9ac1b1913d75059b1e54

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3fGSxpa2i

bc44282b3e927e7efeb46339c38b6d59

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3fGexy6Wi

实测过程大家可以观看视频:7c6fd89f8294fc94cf96abe59626b8692ff72b4c

155f40f5f6eeeb46b0160d3c98b859b5ed360fbd

XjViMDE2NWU5NDFlMzQ=

视频链接MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdYbGKjGi9yKGi

目前社会上很多公共泳池JjViMDE2NWU5NDIxM2Y=

从自身利益角度出发2d399084df5ac70ea36fe8224f83784c

选择的都是顺循环模式(节省投资、方便维护)KjViMDE2NWU5NDI0NWM=

6528b143a444034438638ae632a58ece168365da

象君提醒:为了自己的生命安全NWIwMTY1ZTk1MjczOQ==,夏天游泳时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgo2HZrKHgGaytaWi,一定要选择正规97955b6b8de9d9110962483d162f4f0e,且安全设施齐全的游泳馆!QDViMDE2NWU5NDI3MTU=

e5d596e703f99eba0d30a284b418aa1049990650

f5fb17d1ea3489123d8f2b6d47d71d51f29a706a

出租车显示屏隐患fd058e4525c0c41e31a016337059d49f46a28010

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3gZyxy8-i

出门去游泳674763864316f93c72cbb3073cb470f38962b55b,相信不少站友都会选择打的1513b0ea335b6f8d7512bd8246abf410717764ec

不知道大家乘坐的出租车后座2e14ffb98f189b46cb932846f7086f0ca0247c60

有没有安装这样的液晶显示屏MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3gaCxzq2i

82f67a706dd159bc5899e9edac32ed9fa20f0454

KjViMDE2NWU5NDMzMzU=

QDViMDE2NWU5NDM0OWQ=

30b1e132d59ec089f16286b892b9295d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdYbGtkGW9sqGi

有人会说了33641a9bcf070898beed54a5567f03615dc2c8cd,装上显示屏不挺好的嘛QDViMDE2NWU5NDM5MDA=

无聊时看看屏幕里播放的节目466eab3a7354bcef25ea1b08c8b14232

还可以打发时间NWIwMTY1ZTk1MmVkYg==,这点确实没错MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3hZu828ui

但如果不幸发生车祸KjViMDE2NWU5NDNkNGQ=

而后排乘客又没有系安全带的话e964a901af5e16774b19d5257c4eee23

这块硬硬的显示屏就可能成为“杀手”fde917c696f69837284a6a5bbee5e799a9c8f670

存在着不小的安全隐患QDViMDE2NWU5NDQxOGI=

JTViMDE2NWU5NDQyZjc=

24d13d5156d8a7c629802bcf3cbe6df0

JjViMDE2NWU5NDQ1ZDM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdYbJ3kGOxyKGi

NWIwMTY1ZTk0NDhiNA==

“解放日报”曾经报道:17561ce554fb4815e984d916057f744e

多名网友反映MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrKHgaCw27Gi,曾在司机急刹或追尾时4d563f33d2671191d13c3041878dfa82300c95ac

自己的头、脸部撞在了液晶屏幕上a6a7b2f4757e5425c56ef3fcc452a8ee0ecd2d40

dd987933d771c7b4caa039bcca22fb4113d84260

磕断门牙、撞出鼻血甚至鼻梁撞断NWIwMTY1ZTk0NGZhMA==

1d0174783058486f072946e7189025e378324ec0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3jKuxpbWi

6b42819a9577182726e0c7c4a5406938

ITViMDE2NWU5NDU0ZTU=

不知道你们城市里的出租车后座上KjViMDE2NWU5NDU2NWU=

还装有液晶显示屏吗?反正魔都还是有的8c097c08499a9239164efe9343c37b6a9e3e1cbb

6988bca9a7328e7809a2aa66d592cc46

象君提醒:行车坐车03370a01eb30bc50fe3676dc17be50f1,都请系好安全带ITViMDE2NWU5NTU2NTI=731a9e06402f2d490ca1312c12cb25ef

77bdc5ece4fdd2a0b5e09095c49f31bd899f35c1

dafd5901b0f046ff79bc2d30f62dc1d9e8b98095

635064086e52ac8cdd5f87fd739e0b3c

爆炸玻璃杯IzViMDE2NWU5NDYwY2Y=

937d8b262e2f9970d75fb06b68756e56

提起会爆炸的玻璃杯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3kKy8tbmi

大家估计第一时间会想到宜家16cde8f3755b5c99cbb752b55668ebbb

曾连续几年爆出杯子爆炸的新闻XjViMDE2NWU5NDY2ZTA=

2017年北京王女士喝常温水时IzViMDE2NWU5NDY4NWI=

使用的宜家水杯突然爆裂MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3kGe8y6mi

致其当场昏迷de05fd599afe6a0689bdc8fda6638d34e8977b7b

XjViMDE2NWU5NDZjZWI=

当时她用的是宜家斯黛纳玻璃杯80eda425e1cebf67822894c0e0c49810

d23a8d7825151fd86291a1154832fd4ecc8b243d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3mqqw28ui

NWIwMTY1ZTk0NzMxMQ==

4dd31fc01803ed3ad397a7b38384cb67e0321f6f

2016年北京吴先生在家中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3mmSwqKmi

往常用的玻璃杯中倒入凉白开cf711f5282d41a70c2c42781703783817ee35f60

半夜时杯子却突然爆裂daef4a7714f45f8a90c21ecef106cd86

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3mmiytbGi

而爆裂的杯子正是宜家的博克尔4c451cc5676f93d663d30955fbe08d1cbffd6613

75a6be6265662992bc9ed6451eafa4ee

a8ceb2f9d0cb76410f5c21ee7100a93b

6777a9081d18a78ff46630ddd151d9dcabfc0cae

dad215881477d2db2c3179ea884fd646938f3aef

这两款杯子都是由钢化玻璃制成ITViMDE2NWU5NDgzYWI=

据中国玻璃网介绍JDViMDE2NWU5NDg1MjM=

钢化玻璃在无外部直接作用的情况下发生破碎KjViMDE2NWU5NDg2YWY=

起因可分为两种:4afcd223a8d9c3f1d1d84d059e3d43d109971382

  一是由玻璃中可见缺陷引起的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3nmeyqLWi

如结石、砂粒、气泡、夹杂物、缺口等;NWIwMTY1ZTk0OGI2MA==

  二是由玻璃中硫化镍杂质膨胀引起的XjViMDE2NWU5NDhjZGQ=

NWIwMTY1ZTk0OGU2Nw==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ3n5-8zrWi

3c5e3bbd8ae263682968f79fa5dfc575

JTViMDE2NWU5NDkyZjU=

不管怎样629a31449cb4934781c56004b2422af0671cdf83,发生爆炸与产品质量不无关系QDViMDE2NWU5NDk0OGU=

据不完全了解02e5c1e5ef02b248b139e6579b7274738862a02c

大部分厂家的钢化玻璃产品存在2-5‰的自爆率5a218d3f9a1ac7dfe6286d8b49675fa7

eba67832d0ede6a9d6188d4678c2fedd9c5cfd11

象君提醒:购买杯子时JTViMDE2NWU5NTM0ZTM=,请谨慎选择钢化玻璃材质QDViMDE2NWU5NTU3ZGU=b8f7cfd856d027ea4eb8149d9e5662b330071d49

1b6286bfc8a311c392fa3bd5189ec198a4df2167

上面这些设计隐患ITViMDE2NWU5NTM2Nzc=,可能导致日常生活中发生事故4d817f5aab4a2930fa73a163261cdf849530a580。而象君下面要讲的43914fb6a0950fdbc5b5e257aeec4246,就真的是因为设计缺陷而引发的人间惨剧了b53014169f79c32cc42d68be48a84f53JDViMDE2NWU5NDlkOWY=

a643b61b28328799f2a5a15712e9835ca722f299

bb47ef1babe833c2b8a668ef5d6294ee

首尔百货大楼坍塌140ba36c4368b56ff29c8c9ae7868e7f82b865c6

KjViMDE2NWU5NGEzYjk=

1995年6月29日42d42e0048cb96f9fb181215291c1cb6

韩国首尔三丰百货商场发生坍塌事故MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6fGSytc-i

20秒内XjViMDE2NWU5NTM5N2I=,5层百货大楼层层塌陷进地下4层内ITViMDE2NWU5NGE4NGE=

事故共造成502人死亡a7d9a95ca8341cb1abd55db47dc75ce4,937人受伤JTViMDE2NWU5NGE5ZDQ=

是世界建筑自行倒塌、伤亡极其惨重的事故之一ITViMDE2NWU5NGFiNGY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6fZy8tbWi

fcac369ccc5414bc8f3e0775e4d2efc3

JDViMDE2NWU5NGFmY2E=

1a68cf13cef1fb202bb2c4e7417c1b7f3e0ffbe5

KjViMDE2NWU5NGIyZWU=

5040203c4d3f15779e278f275eab74d8

三丰百货店坍塌前后对比b38f7b249ccef72d676de12aa4da12276702096b

事后调查显示01fe56ca62603b05c8c957e27c9439c7

大楼最初的设计是建设成一栋4层办公楼57de18f300f35618ad6cc49918dcb013

但是三丰集团在建设工程中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6gGixtcei

将其重新设计成一栋百货大楼JTViMDE2NWU5NGJjMTI=

这一改动2de4c6d02a83017fcccbffe91fadb5e54dbe35b2,导致很多承重柱被取消8d906f07874cfb89076010da229c2b02982de378

腾出空间来安装自动扶梯3d6df8b1039149494f7622c34107045fac401090

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6gaCxy7mi

35828d4bc053310270bcead124d0e61d

844bb97b041aa848f290572bd5b0251b4a09348d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6hK29y8-i

25e4a8c242b65b0e4841e25fc3447a21f8e61dbd

d16830850d8b638256229c6daf9aaa53

变瘦的柱子不是大楼坍塌的唯一致命伤568d2929552bdb9bc389b2ed613c17fc

大楼的超重负荷也酿成了最后的悲剧NWIwMTY1ZTk0Y2I0Mg==

原本大楼只拿到了4层建筑物的许可a96cfd02aff6887ff5a7baf4859c03ac

但是却加了第5层楼面4962fd2114ab65ee1fc739db2b77dd48,多了8家餐馆a644c421e6661ce26177c57a9860f6c183bd48ff

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6hZ-ytbWi

足足多了3千吨的混凝土fa797a40cb605c0c4a0c6262e3043a5c,却没有强化支柱NWIwMTY1ZTk0ZDE0Ng==

057e493bacaca3742e71afd9b68b543e

JDViMDE2NWU5NGQ0MDA=

JDViMDE2NWU5NGQ1NTY=

fa109ea3100ddd4f348096534dae147cb6567d09

另外0a26922dd6f2888bacc19f80382063aacb206117,整幢大楼的空调设备MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6iGawpbWi

都被安装在了楼顶之上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6iGextcei

由于居民对冷气机噪音的抱怨JDViMDE2NWU5NGRhYzE=

大楼后部所有冷气机都被移到了前部MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6iZywqLWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6iZ2xk7Gi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6iZ69tc-i

JjViMDE2NWU5NGUwMzI=

转移时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6jKqypa2i

所有设备都是直接利用滑轮被推拽到位的45da62b22b079ab324608add0d017bdb90be8f98

冷气机经过的地方JDViMDE2NWU5NTQyODk=,到处是裂痕0abf08e51a258d872af0cdd2a1c6d6ce

使整个楼顶结构大受损伤MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6jGOytcui

这也是压垮大楼的最后一个稻草2846d63cd44a404724dcf9e225eeff8af216bdcd

51a82d8fc0fd9202963f91ba01c3e067

d15c2b1cddbf8e1a8c1cb134b32ad4b0

d673423c1f6fa0085222da39ca595b3d

772a607e36b879c5bb35b329b2edd4fbebf0fac3

这些原因交织在一起81a77969c383d99e23f0e659c2568de6

导致了最后悲剧的发生e8eda3a2f3e9c910956db8d2ba8b34a9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6jaCxqLmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6kKq9y6Wi

cef40c3315029d34ab57766d144fa244c82ffdcf

IzViMDE2NWU5NGY1Mjc=

作为设计类自媒体36eee0f2c158c40de0b0ffc616e8e7dd,看着这些或多或少因设计缺陷而酿成的悲剧dc72c64d6633c4013e4ae3b9f3ecad43,象君内心五味杂陈MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DpqiWgo2HZrKHjZyxqK2i。身为设计师MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd2DtryVjoqdYrJ3jZ-9yKGi,有时候因为甲方、金主的原因9bfdb0b3a2bdba871f71dbac1918ff1d,常常身不由己IzViMDE2NWU5NTVkZmE=。但象君相信MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DpqiWgo2HZrKHiGe9tbWi,我们跟某些昧着良心赚亏心钱的商人不一样d51765873442b19cee898562537bda3b327f800fa31af2edf09713aea38bb8773508da06

7fa8a1b2ec3c25424020f7748754ddbf78ef50fa

做得越多越深入QDViMDE2NWU5NTRiOTM=,就越觉得设计对于生活的重要性KjViMDE2NWU5NTYwYzA=。它不仅承担着让世间变美的责任IzViMDE2NWU5NTRkMWI=,更担当着让生活变得更好的重担a9b06205261153e2e6f684f427f37f3e。为着这样的坚持和信仰dcd9a7f7da49367eba0627a9cfed89d9,与各位设计师共勉!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DpqiWgo2HZrJ6kGeypbGi

5b2316ae73fb70dc992a04a082656eb1

0cc6bb80b59b4c948f00ce0fc54fcf2c

- END -1a1a8f1cda266b2ea788125e1687dc60

62870584429bace5b489dbeba6231dc7

 ▶ 编辑  你的路哥 KjViMDE2NWU5NTAxNDc=

 ▶ 图片  网络 af64100afb75f33b9a402f6a11f04236

XjViMDE2NWU5NTA0NDc=

XjViMDE2NWU5NTA1ZDU=

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