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还在喝自酿葡萄酒?小心瞎眼睛

值班编辑丨翔宇喵e09d9c5559cbadb4b46733943c92c0ecfa2d4de5

本格作为朋友圈里资深葡萄酒装逼NWFkZjc2MDMwMDVhMA==,常被朋友们拉着鉴定各种酒的真伪优劣080f4de37b464c2ed92d5d06bff4f889。别看我一说起葡萄酒头头是道10f6c80d5d17591de9094402ab67e2155b0bc48f,但是喝的好酒数量远远不如各位闷声大发财的土豪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3jZ2ytbWi。我每开一瓶好酒都恨不得洋洋洒洒写上一篇抒情散文赞美一下fcd04cd7d672757502bd8257e38d92d4aa60dd9f,而土豪可能就只在小本本上划一笔正字226d7cd2e70d9c90b9a9d099b81bbf577eb243d0。然而装逼多了XjVhZGY3NjAzMDBhNTM=,总有回响8a4876555561c69a954828f1efda6046,我最怕朋友问我三个问题:MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftGQzMaWgXp8nb6giGSwoqGi

23f3c8e6c2bac83853caec41b4540531

·  有什么80块以下的好酒推荐几款?3c15a1500a80a748e24d1344dc6918d5

·  抱歉JDVhZGY3NjAzMDBkOWU=,真没有0991e86ffed3f52de26bac54760b90407e8fc4dec9c2dbdeb1a9e6481232bc51

·  为什么我觉着葡萄酒喝上去都一个味儿?19b2b1c89aeae65ffcb7936771e9eae0b959260e

·  抱歉74c2c01f9913bf9e875fa477f268f429,您的舌头感官以及人体构造这方面在我的知识盲区MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3kKuxpbGic5ad819896c1336b48c384107cd20f8461ffa416

·  我老舅/老姨/三姑自酿的葡萄酒可好喝了NWFkZjc2MDMwMTBkMw==,你来   尝尝点评点评MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QqbyXgqBzqr6deGW8y8ei

·  不了不了e75892e2ed32de8cbf9b486ba249aa338247c498bac62b2dc08d936c424a3e62f0c4e5eafa638618

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QqbyXgqBzqr6deGi9zrGi

本格平生最抗拒喝自酿葡萄酒09a79ce2c1012c31df7591827f99dc71,也常劝身边的朋友不要喝MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3fKy8262i,喝这个还不如喝点品质一般的地区餐酒fab30e686ac4be2651f89e26831ec317b7df263f。喝劣质餐酒顶多也就口感不行MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3fGOxy7mi,而喝自酿葡萄酒可是要命啊MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QqbyXgqBzq7F3kGWxtcuiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QqbyXgqBzqr6deZyytaWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QqbyXgqBzqr6deZ6wtcei

KjVhZGY3NjAyZjBmZmM=

9fc9db893060a4847531983e2baa2ba91bfcfa2e

咱先看看自酿葡萄酒都是什么一个流程:JTVhZGY3NjAyZjEzMzU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QqbyXgqBzqr6dfK2yqK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QqbyXgqBzqr6dfGSwuKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QqbyXgqBzqr6dfGWyuLGi

不看不知道3d61e448534c10bcefe965f6148936e8,一看吓一跳b0a22be983492d72dc02866e20ae644640a5708f,本格必须逐个吐槽一番ed0d6f73421f767c8adc4f99b4ff4bd06d10c3920d53370771b45f0fdcbf9736372ba81b932023ad

ITVhZGY3NjAyZjFiMWM=

◆  吃的水果葡萄也能酿酒?a85f0b13232a9bcbf1cc752effdecbb79e705772

到了夏天dc05251f473c4b58f9916bd1ceba125e,满大街都是乒乓球一般的巨峰葡萄MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3fZu8tcei,这种葡萄皮儿薄个儿大MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3fZ2w26Wi,味儿甜汁水足f9edf7200e4c4812cada88f21dd851b4d5fce287,买回去吃还行76cf3edffb6a32e9b76b9de99263678659da6d76,想要酿酒怕是不太行fa6be4d7b823563e966f97b3ed94d753。问题还就在皮薄汁水多这个特性上KjVhZGY3NjAzMDIxZWU=,葡萄酒中的酒精就是从葡萄中的糖分转化而来MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QqbyXgqBzq7F3gKyxpcei,汁水太多的葡萄会降低总体含糖量NWFkZjc2MDMwMjUyNw==,所以自酿葡萄酒总会加大量的糖JDVhZGY3NjAzMDI3MDI=,但是往往控制不好糖量1cc8f0c501b7dc66c74fb1a78df46feb,导致酒精含量过高f402c4039bb3edb3ec25c1cb8dfd55a6,甚至能飙至五十几度8333fd0fbea6a6bb415184fabf497a53,喝一口就升仙了5a5d275883f88b37524a5b0f2e7372386c099eccb71dda5837cd062bedddb938

JDVhZGY3NjAyZjIwMWQ=

ITVhZGY3NjAyZjIxY2I=

而能使葡萄酒有醇厚口感的单宁则来自于果皮和葡萄籽中1539d4e916aa48a3117099570fa080cf,太薄的果皮单宁含量不足MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3kZ2ytaWi。所以酿造葡萄酒的葡萄大多皮厚汁少个头小MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3gZ69tbWi,比如黑皮诺bb25af73279b59441cc54fcecc22db39,霞多丽1455ac1cf9a3fa3adc38678aad268af29e18152eMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QqbyXgqBzqr6dgKywy62i

ade80a27cf36b0ae95ef3e04e56a7f9f0c38f851

7b5233d38d99eb21f033d0a15e9cc824

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js6QqbyXgqBzqr6dgGWytc-i

▲左:巨峰 右:黑皮诺76d3057187abc64665a54d14b5621bd2d66ebb72

全世界葡萄品种大概有一万至两万种ITVhZGY3NjAzMDMyMzk=,其中能酿酒的品种只有300多种cd666c293d93c38931551a2a830df3f922971e6e,能酿制上好的葡萄酒的也就区区几十种MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3hGOw262i,而你家楼下的巨峰、夏黑、玫瑰香都不在此列ITVhZGY3NjAzMDcwZGU=8bd47b2110d60f78953b558a6a97dcb6

ITVhZGY3NjAyZjJjZTA=

◆  葡萄要不要清洗?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QqbyXgqBzqr6dgZ6w272i

不洗!想不到吧MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3hGS9qLGi,用来酿酒的葡萄通常不洗就开干了d653aae42c7e028543d601f0904d3d2d6889a3fe。葡萄汁发酵需要酵母菌cdeabe0661d212bc44c275633c5a6f95。酵母菌种类繁多6f7a3ee2d2bf822dbf11781a33d55583d43b1a2a,不同菌种能产生不同的香气MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QqbyXgqBzq7F3hGe9qLmi,咱装逼用的词汇什么黑醋栗的香气、坚果的香气、蓝色莓果的香气就是从这儿来的049ad8190d7582c22419ed15efb9633b。葡萄皮上有天然的菌种IzVhZGY3NjAzMDNiN2Y=,要是洗了30be50755c2655ceccec98fbf354927a,哪还有什么香气MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3mmS8y8eie88f2df4cfec32427246df2103698a8eb3e3bed5

所以用于酿酒的葡萄a348a5565a0f1a432691b2a0b56aecebf032dd63,对它的农药控制非常严格c766cc18abd68fea2bd49fd025356f5b,大部分会在春天喷洒68204966ef30ce91d0fb80c142bf1f4ff2473f6d,临近采摘时则禁止喷药f201615e0db3cd343e77d30cbc115b60ed595245。而我们吃的水果葡萄df1d6e79d0ac5218481d5bf4aba2bcac1e96514d,对农药喷洒没有那么严格MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3iK28y6mi,果皮上经常会有农药残余f71a85d435df5795a56d0d9802e2cf76。做自酿葡萄酒的人们买回葡萄后9dc9e40c047364a0d8493a71eb5f27dc,以为用开水烫一下就能杀菌去农药残余NWFkZjc2MDMwNDgwOQ==,实在太天真a07c5b766c4b86715047f4aaafce06c6e53f261e864fccf3ee688fffe664899f

1061eb9c174e576fac935c70437d3252ffa06ffc

2fe2822a0b0a093903ff3c9b225c0283e50bd3c7

XjVhZGY3NjAyZjM2NDM=

◆  喝多了瞎眼睛JDVhZGY3NjAyZjM3ZGY=

自酿葡萄酒往往不会做农药检测922777e31e73bafd52d6439286c0797e692d698d,也不会做有害微生物超标检测0ed69f9dec2a0bfad45a85858b37b2b73fe233a8,也没法在家控制发酵的温度d61e30058f4bdd2a36d27efd6cf6e77a7525aa78,这就导致了葡萄发酵中会产生甲醇、杂醇油、挥发酸348a66cc0b492c4863d537cd83f852ca。发酵出有害微生物让你喝了拉肚子都还是小事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3iZ6w26mi,如果发酵出大量甲醇ee385575a4ece7530ddacd4775eaf132,你就等着戴个墨镜去天桥上拉《二泉映月》吧IzVhZGY3NjAzMDdlYzU=。另外不受温控的密封发酵等于在家做自制炸弹14bf099a9fa79c0c4d3291ac4fbf4b2a3121e8ec,想想都刺激MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QftGQzMaWgXp_qLJlkKy8sqGi180a8661d86805d28546858aebf7b211

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js6QqbyXgqBzqr6dhGi8y8-i

282c2d962c06c318975da2b8d5c0a7e8

ffea67590bea97d3ba1a900dd3e0bf36

本格想说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3jKu8k7Gi,想做自酿葡萄酒没那么容易789e301bce9932458a9a4b407cb11482,酒厂里面的生产环境、工业设备、对发酵过程的控制、产品检验制度等等这些a3f6e3bf90e77c2219683fde7606d2534b0fc47f,都是家庭小作坊不具备的38a069289e590e26dc8740b354ec305e02be634a,所以想喝葡萄酒咱还是去正规途径购买9bf1a5f0d39d3d8cec738559c25d39fce337962b,实在想发挥动手能力MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs6QqbyXgqBzq7F3jGixy72i,就在家腌点酸菜得了a8031c4ec03c4db05f9ab0b50c21557fbe8c0b5ffc30c496b56bb1f54de331b6

07261e1fff9bcdf54636b3a5db5f7cca49df74d9

END89c0339a8f65980a23c6e032cc60477c

c5c8a9a1cef24b605b1b1365883b4c20b891d7f0

f78c9239422c69aef57e13500a5ab62b81e8c573

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