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只有在中国,动画片才是拍给小孩子看的!

自2002年奥斯卡设立最佳动画长片以来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKy8y7Wi,17届评选中23556cbb035408038a83c45da75f12382aa4a967,皮克斯工作室一共拿到8个小金人MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKy827Wi,几乎占据一半4af32556a27a638b93bf13ce5d240724MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZuwpa2i

fce9913266202dee8424ce70fc5ae0a0

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZuxqK2i

《头脑特工队》、《勇敢传说》、《飞屋环游记》、《机器人总动员》等MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZuxtbWi

68a404bd7fa422de83ac2439e9688f72

但是可以说直到去年3770b972f2474692569a9e3caa8d16c2,《coco(寻梦环游记)》在中国拿下十个亿的票房之后e8aaf8609e3d08801ea9f70c75e01e6a,中国知道皮克斯的普通观众才开始多起来ITVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ3NmE=844d9dd87ddfb076802dc710bec16b1e

a273a5e0502e7122b1ac484781507f0208073870

看了这么多《xx总动员》和《xx环游记》JTVjMTY4ZWRkZTQyZWE=,一直觉得它们的画风和名字似乎有些关联MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGaxzq2i。直到寻梦环游记被刷爆朋友圈MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKy9uK2i,我才后知后觉领悟到3b83e2dc3608609efbaac7baa8ad2060,它们是同一家动画制作的——皮克斯!ed588460b4bb55bfc411bdc20511a87c

JjVjMTY4ZWRkZTNhOTE=

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《coco》的故事背景是墨西哥的亡灵节QDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ3N2M=。热爱音乐的米格出生在一个不允许搞音乐的家庭IzVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ3ODQ=。米格为了追寻音乐梦想MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKy9zqmi,误入了亡灵的世界5511e0e91a04dc2789dff9242bcecd29。故事中充满了骷髅头和亡灵3f47746686b54aee3d157383db8962af3969b966,但却十分温馨NWMxNjhlZGRlNDc5Nw==。梦想作为把整个故事串起来的线索IzVjMTY4ZWRkZTQzMTE=,然而故事更多的是探讨亲情60aed2f0f4042de9afda9af74b48a6b4a2f9ed7f,甚至是死亡这样永恒的话题e64b25e38bf0451e1064ee15757d3ff53bd68cd1a1bad33f1b4d0c3b50088e2b052308b57da02ecf

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逝去的人将生活在亡灵界a2d1f897202fec3063afe69b7475d6a60ff9127f,甚至每年有一天可以回到人间探访亲人MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGa8ta2i。但是当世界上最后一个记得你的人也将你遗忘XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQzMmM=,你将在亡灵界化为尘埃MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGa8uLmi8caebcebcb55ddfa8a83bb54c9dcffb5

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《coco》的成功绝非偶然NWMxNjhlZGRlNDMzNQ==,2011年到现在JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQzM2U=,皮克斯创作团队花了6年的时间JTVjMTY4ZWRkZTQzNDc=,跑到墨西哥采风660dc6726f33c46c8b762c4a6ef05c23d97e59c1,住到当地人家里fc7065a794722bd81d29a4361eb18687416f2c6d,体验他们的生活KjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQzNjQ=,几乎对一切都做了充分的准备1eec2951b4dfd0975822e8aa97215398,包括音乐MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiK2xzrmi,色彩bd644a506072e62e5c7952f7df23f562523526e7,剧情MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiK2ypami,场景以及角色塑造MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiK2ypc-i,最终有了这些充满真实细节的画面XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ3YmU=JjVjMTY4ZWRkZTNhZjY=

JjVjMTY4ZWRkZTNiMDI=

而皮克斯也不是横空出世QDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQzOTg=,1986年640d5adf43eb4c82aabaa81dad092ece,当时刚离开苹果的史蒂夫·乔布斯收购了卢卡斯影业电脑绘图部1369cb610e4f863b549e77e7bc3936e2,并以此创立了一个独立公司“皮克斯(PIXAR)”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGa826WiJjVjMTY4ZWRkZTNiMGE=

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同年制作的经典动画短片《顽皮跳跳灯 Luxo Jr.》在计算机图形学顶级年度会议上映dcad976dc290e58273392b37c4729b60,好评如潮b2040fddc6de1fe631272419ff72e8cc1b841afb。这个蹦蹦跶跶的小台灯动画成为了第一个获得奥斯卡提名的三维电脑动画电影XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQzYmI=,后来也成为皮克斯的标志NWMxNjhlZGRlNDdkOQ==MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZyw26mi

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早在知道皮克斯这个名号之前a94d8a2912aacacf46231513b3cd0ec0,我就已经爱上它了MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMvQjn2EnbJ3m5682KGi。第一次与皮克斯接触8391b49c0c75fd8b2a73064aadbb394d,是小学里组织看电影819757dbd39736268bf9e52e6a0984921632d269,那时候老剧院就在街对面XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ3ZWQ=。不知道是放错片子还是怎么回事MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMvQjn2EnbJ3hZ6xsqGi,《Monsters Inc(怪物电力公司)》我们看了三遍019f00133279e4de2e905f51fc5dcdf528c9be03。第一次看到怪兽的时候我是拒绝的d4e184971e2d1d682276a881535220d384a8d899,丑丑的还有点吓人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGa9y8-i。后来伴着五毛钱一包的小零食b6dde22f6fc2305e38799240b30aea36fec26080,越看越喜欢b6ab43919e4ee3c7d8a865b337a7302e6148bf69MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZyxpbWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZyxqLGi

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怪兽公司 Monsters Inc.,(2001)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZyxzrGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZyx27Gi

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毛怪苏利文与小女孩阿布在相处中产生了感情9ddc6e78ea625d521bfd86816fcd650b4865a9a4,他们发现开心比惊吓能带来更大的能量MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGewqLWi。最终怪物电力公司不再依靠吓孩子而发电MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiK29y7mi,改为了逗孩子开心21de0b1f393007e71e2810a2705e85a1JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTNiYjc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZy8y8ui

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我的家里堆满了盗版碟片4a8ce9a29c9e3f45a58a88416b0d1729,美国动画片陪伴我长大XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ4MjY=。玩具总动员虽然不符合我的公主梦QDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ0MTg=,但迪士尼乐园里的宇宙英雄巴斯光年还是给我留下深刻印象IzVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ4MzA=。虫虫总动员、海底总动员、飞屋环游记、机器人总动员是我那时的最爱aad63ae129c1dcceacc3ea051f2ba7c34c47c2ebJTVjMTY4ZWRkZTNiZmY=

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寻梦环游记 up (2009)bd7969bfa7e2e7f9e662cdf7bdd210400d0236d5

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老头带着他跟老伴童年时的梦MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGOwtc-i,驾着自己的气球飞屋bfeafc648771cc59c937d9995ac9aa18de5bbf3f,驶向仙境瀑布MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGew28-i。气球带着房屋起飞JjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ0MzM=,那一刻简直燃爆了!同时起飞的还有我五彩斑斓的梦ITVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ4NGE=a6acaa24165242d21e19e94de2235d57b21fd882

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后来长大了94cd20cd2be8672ab84b1b516dd65c0530b7506c,盗版碟店关门了XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ0NDU=,兴起了网上看电影JjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ4NTI=。那时候我已经到了能理解人物丰富感情的年纪a72def48d456e20a914477e2f94591c5a9bcd29d,皮克斯开始赚取我的眼泪MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGextbGiJTVjMTY4ZWRkZTNjZDA=

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机器人总动员 WALL·E ,(2008)QDVjMTY4ZWRkZTNjZmE=

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机器人瓦力成为机器人形象中不可超越的经典存在7faed4207d74824f2e1e64df9b6f1a86。影片看似是讲呆萌痴汉追到完美女神的故事36ee4e01d7637e69df316c0a48c36351d4558719,放到太空和未来的大环境下66612b92523e72c10cf2b1992a5a455c,却有着呼吁地球环保的主题b865f7a2920984b1573036f102d7189664de3303a20f303e5472be3108d35dd1fa1d13e8

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《头脑特工队》是我认为最好的一部影片5252a117f87a04a636d8aa198d864520。这部动画片最妙在于8e87f4200de2be291a8e65e46fe5681a,它看似是给孩子看的IzVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ0NzE=,实则也是给每一个大儿童们准备的7ceeeb0862517b2fac8ee0aa951f64bdc2e5dc43,关于心理学f85240603db904f58de415351a88d871,关于面对自己的情绪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGex27GiKjVjMTY4ZWRkZTNkOTM=

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头脑特工队 Inside Out ,(2015)b029b66962daec9edbefabe3f7a48be5

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孩子的头脑就像一个“司令部”fc0e169c7a17f96304ff12fa43812a76ccfd25ed,在电影里这个“司令部”长得像一个程序控制台ITVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ0OTE=,由5位小主人共同掌控,他们分别乐乐、忧忧、怕怕、厌厌、怒怒957b903a7742731564c56e08818c513b38b21555MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMvQjn2EnbFliZ2yoqGi

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导演彼特·道格特和他的团队花了整整5年时间来完成《头脑特工队》b5e2e235afcdf6f4e161298978193e6c。他们请教了许多心理学专家MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGOyta2i,来弄清楚比如情绪、梦境、潜意识等概念和具体含义MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGeyqK2iITVjMTY4ZWRkZTNkZTE=

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影片中NWMxNjhlZGRlNDRhMg==,我们能直观看到情绪在现实中是如何影响我们的行为NWMxNjhlZGRlNDg5Yw==。我意识到026320b6a8e5f0f5c8cb3cac449a461f7e7be298,不要忌惮自己的情绪5de283d73e787aceef62b58a1a4e2e9e。即使是负面情绪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGO8uK2i,也是自己必不可少的一部分e44c9f5258127d776b1f8701d29be0bdMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZ69uLGi

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角色塑造上、皮克斯是一流的9f3c430b33b5bb3c9650c98316fb8c77,看这位管理怒气的anger6a3cc7202539f1da19b0f2999c3f571873f4d86f

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粉色大象Bingbong是主人公想象中的玩伴JjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ0YzI=,她拥有所有美好的记忆JjVjMTY4ZWRkZTNlNjg=

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|皮克斯创始人:用技术完成动画梦ea65d6154d5048f4b7dd19953423a75a

除了一流的创意和一流的故事MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMvQjn2EnbJ3iZ2xsqGi,皮克斯还是绝对的动画技术引领者MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGe8uLWi。纯电脑制作电影的发明人3fa7ab7e5ad7e93539e98531291fa24d,它们技术超前MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGO9pbmi,细数片单KjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ0ZTU=,每一部之间在技术上都会有一项巨大的突破0757da6e5471ccf057d6527e4ef100204b9211f7,在CG动画领域845ef54f63b402e106fa05c2a5bc578146dc761e,只有技术无障碍后艺术家才能尽情发挥MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGe8y72i。这里就不得不提一个人——艾德·卡特姆58fb15d443931fb1b167a8cb7acf3d7a642f317bMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZ-8uL2i

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他虽然是科学家出身QDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ0ZmU=,却深爱动画艺术9e63ec5fe01c93096fd0bbe9aa90c01236b1d4c8,也是动画技术的推动者JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ4Y2M=。一次偶然的机会645ea540e1a211b8a843b876980f8fba418517c3,我读到这位皮克斯的联合创始人撰写的书籍MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGe8k7Wi。我从中看到这位程序员对自己热爱的动画是何等执着JjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ4ZGM=KjVjMTY4ZWRkZTNlZDI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZ-9pbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhZ-9qK2i

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艾德•卡特姆是一个动画迷ITVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ1MTY=,迪士尼是他心目中的最高殿堂MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGe9qLWi。他的偶像是华特·迪士尼和阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGe9tbWi。“虽然我年少稚嫩JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ1MWQ=,但在我看来b3e849be940e9541e32a06fd2c09ca53,他们两人就是创意界的两根顶梁柱MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGe9uLmi。”c73f3860036f7278e0393aed273b307059630159

NWMxNjhlZGRlM2YxYg==

小艾德•卡特姆尝试学习绘画失败了28cd9f1f794c4933161a02a3b360bf4e,却发现自己有数学天赋IzVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ4ZmM=。从犹他大学毕业e452700c018488d96248b759072a7ceb,他取得了物理和当时新兴的计算机科学两个学位NWMxNjhlZGRlNDkwNQ==。研究生再次被犹他大学录取304eb14427adc4935067f6d1235c524aMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhaCwuLWi

JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTNmMmI=

1969年电脑制作的图像尚十分粗糙7c898912c77577b2286d560c22d5aa9c,但是KjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ1NDY=,一边设计新的计算机算法MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGSxpcei,一边看着图像质量一步步提高df01892968f0db4b64db10e4c4534608,这让他颇感心潮澎湃0d2d1b70ce4223a4b11aa43c0595624dba2afa53。童年时的梦想又一次渐渐清晰起来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGiwtcuiNWMxNjhlZGRlM2YzNA==

df5f80e06aa4649a07356b2bf83d097f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhaCwk7Wi

KjVjMTY4ZWRkZTNmNGU=

1788b80da8b2a57051463a6c03db350f659cdc0d

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JjVjMTY4ZWRkZTNmNmM=

3cdfa7d08dc5a31d5d41883cabc4a85a172ec38d

26岁那年b30bd1a3bea127d1865184862f7501619deaec55,他为自己定下了一个新的目标:研发出一种新的绘画方式MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGSxy62i,用电脑28de6c33f727f79d693d6782856b2bfc,而不是画笔来制作动画0e384aa43b5a13a6fbbc394c366cdf7d,并保证制作出的图像在质量和美观上达到电影标准9963cedc4ef9ca49a0ee0a214ce676234b59a085fc4aa67801e0cd426979986a8ba8158e

907dbdce20fd58d53e149707266c579e

于是他花十周时间MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGSxk6mi制作了世界上第一部使用三维计算机图形的影片808ab4ac25b63b008d43c19c6984e5f1fede163f。当时fdf4c1e194b8f4c9b941d44d01f210e38d9e1df0,计算机连平面都显示得不清晰JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ1OTE=,更别提曲面了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGiw262i。他用自己的左手做了一个石膏翻模63c70da3ee19ae68f594c20ee11a25cf,在上面画满了350个相互连接的微型三角形和多角形41b053703a024c988ac97a2d68b0ef1d,然后测出每个角的坐标027a56d97482f9eb464fd8f7e6dcafa6,把这些数据输入了自己编写的三维动画程序中ITVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ5NDE=QDVjMTY4ZWRkZTNmOGM=

QDVjMTY4ZWRkZTNmOTQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhaCytbmi

7a957c35d6480b545e03ac512d8e0ef0fc1bd77a

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《手》于一场计算机科学会议上首映c211b127e940afc936f753b6a1ebd46a,大家都没有看过这样的影片b8c6c49bee8a68e265424cd7032cebf88c19689d,因此它引起了不小的轰动46c720ff84bd291ce488b41e1737b894b44fb11f。这短短4分钟的影片c5023871203a6ddb609507ba3a8b0a7482f3eb7a,却让他投入了6万多分钟的制作时间MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGixqK2id94f339446a7a7418b0a634a63fbe6b1b2e739f1

JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTNmYzI=

在动画电影的发展上5fb61e03f843c6c7309879611ec4a37e5fe43c25,皮克斯有极大的功劳MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGixtb2i。还在卢卡斯影业时75dfed62252dc8bb17c4129aadab983d,皮克斯就作为计算机动画部ITVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ1ZGQ=,为卢卡斯开发了RenderMan接口规范的前身REYES7fcf295329717dcd38b2c8797918a497,并开发了包括“粒子特效”在内的CG特效及各种制作动画的关键技术MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGixuLmi912eeb3d809d33ae24b60a06ce727505

ce1f56f04a437c5989a53d441f9d6ef614d789bb

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NWMxNjhlZGRlM2ZlYg==

6f0c0be89fbaf3c74167c3f5491e47ed

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhaC9y7Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HhaC9zrWi

760a05f133d827be3da632850761fbfa2f2f8787

6f15b1fbb2e882c42cb05e741945eb1e161f66dc

JTVjMTY4ZWRkZTQwMWI=

1a133b8b22da3a461b8ed5b2a9850a15

RenderMan为皮克斯用来创造视觉效果的核心渲染技术7e96e1e4036f26bbea239dd8732183c73041f5c8,它是个高效能的渲染器7773626f253f5626d309ab3cdb1a654d,可解决各种最复杂的3D影像MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMvQjn2EnbJ3jaCysqGi,而且稳定又可靠MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGixy72i。2014年NWMxNjhlZGRlNDYwYg==,皮克斯发布了免费的RenderMan非商业版本MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMvQjn2EnbJ3omawoqGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKqwy7Wi

a3f1614a3d7ef9f3d40d564675c88244

毫不夸张地说d606ed5b7e06914964d5d1a158314dbc7fd68e64,如果没有皮克斯df45e8644904129cad336048f8bfcb59209478c1,动画电影的发展不可能如此之快MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGix28ui。1995年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGWwuLGi,《玩具总动员》开创了3D动画的先河JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ5OGE=。2001年574de80851fadd4f3a39ea2cd0817228,《怪兽电力公司》把动物毛发做到极致319188334c572eb24ff442f75622b016baf74b04。2003年887a450d63a1b3badb00c18cf1678144,《海底总动员》专攻光与水的奇妙变幻c2e21dd02446758661f149fc8028f4feKjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQwM2E=

3cabc0c8559286d252838ad7036924a1

0d8ef9c0ba304a8f3551df88d529d1a8

a3964bb031b0b8a938f7bd848500f76d4e9031cd

JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQwNTg=

海底总动员 Nemo ,(2003)JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQwNWY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKqxy6Wi

|失意的乔布斯遇上“不赚钱的动画部门”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKqxy8ui

艾德•卡特姆痴迷于用技术改变动画艺术MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGWw28ui,但他的旧金主卢卡斯影业却每况日下MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGWwk72i,养不起这个从不赚钱的电脑绘图部了1dfd243b781714da4a1119473a0c6c94d37f4318add83aef512c34ce5d3e937e5c6ac38c19c652f1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKqxk62i

1986年8d3e014aaefe8de0ec982db0d950d47f,史蒂夫·乔布斯(Steve Jobs)以1000万美元收购了乔治·卢卡斯的电脑动画部7b3ec5b1808b8b46ab59a7f0c9996801,成立了皮克斯动画工作室JTVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ5YjA=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKqypbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKqyqLWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKqytb2i

8c019bf04515ee0eca31f4aa23d07d52898c05ea

然而feadc7703fe39b9bf27d493511c7bc7f,乔布斯看中的是皮克斯的图形技术9de046d0d0af5b2af0ad1152b64d3a98。他判断672976d0bfe7b76fd6bd570cea2493698e7a7955,皮克斯的图像电脑是未来电脑的方向NWMxNjhlZGRlNDljMw==。1986年MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGWxzrWi,皮克斯制作出了第一个产品——皮克斯图像电脑(Pixar Image ComputerMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGWx272i,简称“PIC”)7929b53d45256315b85fbc6a5accb253。但这台图像处理器售价十二万五千美元060d6b0c7838ab7480168ba5c6c13670,而且还没有任何应用程序MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGi8k7Gi。它的销路可想而知22171abe50d0318396d50d9d79de74ccITVjMTY4ZWRkZTQwYjA=

d01c302896ff7906137363f5b1c97394c8bfd550

3f6fdcc9f3bc6bc561af82931fd2c3eac7020cd8

217b50b9f672860d219fdc5515585602

dadefb8c6f8ee0c75ae2ef6883a5e334

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乔布斯买下皮克斯后233b54bde00c13754d26e30c9ab5f60bba24bcdf,公司几乎一直处于“烧钱”的状态IzVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ5ZTQ=。在1987~1991年JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ2OTg=,对皮克斯信心全无的乔布斯曾三次尝试将公司转手MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGi9tbmi。微软曾打算出价9000万美元买下皮克斯9414b9bf34a11160719ca39c5e7dd2a400a71491,但乔布斯一想MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGW8tami,微软愿意出价收购MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGW8uK2i,说明皮克斯是有价值的7d8dacb4c2c065ade8ed5f8ce42c0843cd847ca9MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKq9qLGi

7f39e61826d58432441fd9873874e1f4701603e8

在当时, 用电脑制作3D动画完全是被认为是离经叛道的事情9381f9bade3970779bb3bd75e6c6cd88。正因为乔布斯的坚持fab5824e88256f57b250855c290a19ef,才有了今天的皮克斯KjVjMTY4ZWRkZTRhMDM=b826425217111575d6346480d82400ef6c971e9d

cbb490cb89166ecf61ef4197254c7750

JTVjMTY4ZWRkZTQxMDQ=

皮克斯之后出的几乎每一部动画上JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ2YzI=,最后都有对乔布斯的致谢JjVjMTY4ZWRkZTRhMGE=a695d6c8096f9cd2ad1c5c20f05c59ba

XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQxMTQ=

XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQxMWI=

QDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQxMjU=

1995年bcd56f1ec41b3b9ad604323251818d11,世界上第一部电脑动画电影《玩具总动员》上映1c5fa493fa5a9cae6aa2ba2021ca65c00e4b9f0f,以1.92亿美元票房刷新了美国动画电影票房记录c7939d9e08349a0f14365c38f746288af16fe251,以3.62亿美元票房缔造全球标房记录5d85394f2a6f4b062df32dbd8aa972d2,CEO乔布斯因此坐拥10亿身价XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ2ZWU=,而被面临倒闭的苹果公司请回去力挽狂澜63a43233bce047fdd34fb3c17b201e19。乔布斯答应了并且回归并发行了iPod68b284a9e0b5c2a30f332b661c0b5034dbfd9437KjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQxMzA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMvQjn2EnbJ3fK2w2KGi

72703d20226042ec00dc273f568efa958128a089

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMvQjn2EnbJ3fGOxsqGi

KjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQxNTQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKuxtbmi

eae6dea54f173f4e0716f14f44a7bad5

13f7d9c86b71a267a86e55420ce4bde77c112778

JjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQxNzU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKux272i

cab857acc096f337a53284a24eb6411836f27762

玩具总动员 Toy Story,(1995)QDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQxOGU=

NWMxNjhlZGRlNDE5Nw==

|勇闯好莱坞:与迪士尼共赢JTVjMTY4ZWRkZTQxYTE=

2006年1月24日XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ2Zjg=,迪士尼收购了皮克斯848815d820b2f0c43989088131ff44e4。手绘和3D动画之争IzVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ3MDA=,以双方的和平握手7a4a1bbcb68f6b9db358070ceb31b6cdb2b37f84,画上了句号7743a47b4e025c3c12127e8d3c142b68MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKu8ta2i

43902ddf3d889c22d0b82ce2b83f6840

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKu8y7Gi

545ccdb319b935fb1cd016f8906cf5f207382144

6be178f5a02c995cbc1aafc076ddbbdf030b07a6

迪士尼收购皮克斯759982e420f78a74d891ec08edf1888e,可以说是一种必然KjVjMTY4ZWRkZTRhM2I=。早在创始人艾德•卡特姆小时33321d15d8ed319c6f5583f7eacd7c96,就对迪士尼心生爱慕了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiZuwk7Gi。每到周日晚上JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ3MjY=,他会提早几分钟在地板上趴好dc87079d3dda53747b963faca8caf783,等着华特·迪士尼出现在12英寸的黑白电视上c265b98c44d2a8e3260ff2e45db493b205d8b301bec34218cda8d360ae17330d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKu9qKmi

2006年XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ3MzY=,迪士尼以74亿美元并购了皮克斯NWMxNjhlZGRlNDczZg==,乔布斯从占皮克斯50.1%的最大个人股东变成占迪士尼6.07%的最大个人股东c17a7890136e8def9fdbdba0ef56965d71fcc797。皮克斯从独立公司变为皮克斯动画工作室1c76c49318b1af2bed3a066d3f68dc5a040718c055c1959b1c724caf606b21a273215d84190746f1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKu9uK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKu9y7mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMvQjn2EnbJ3gKqwoqGi

93abfa38ee88d569f29c2444810964be

JDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQyMWE=

4bd0f87f904492d2163b0729f82e1d86

XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQyMmQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKywzrmi

The art challenges the technology, and the technology inspires the art. (艺术创作挑战技术的边界37ac495bb560ed9f47bfa7eb84b32107,而技术又反过来启发艺术创作be0087ce8b8b2cad6c242298e031870a7a514f35。)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKyw28ui

——首席创意官John Lasseter3c9fdb13cbe9a01d2d6430452e2d17c6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKyxtami

这个伟大的创意公司在英明领袖的带领下艰难地摸黑前行MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiGaxqKmi,如今又站在前方向后来者慷慨地伸出手MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiZuxy7mi。皮克斯对动画和电影做出了不可替代的贡献XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQ3NTg=,让创意和技术照亮着世界MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiZuxzrWi384b418d368ce46eacaec73f18daf5c07c0cead7

ITVjMTY4ZWRkZTQyNjY=

fac7ea30b189d02c82a48c42f7b8dedd65d02070

图片来源于网络QDVjMTY4ZWRkZTQyNzg=

- END -9acc8d085f7ac329198ad2441638d64305cbd73c

7f1ff8cbc0349f6d4d8fc96a373ef662

912b22819a4553eccd79ef4ad167fd81

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryYjo2EnL6HiKyytaWi

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XjVjMTY4ZWRkZTQyYTg=

ceb9f12a527b5908014f27399da2e904feb7969b

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