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只有在中国,动画片才是拍给小孩子看的!

自2002年奥斯卡设立最佳动画长片以来81a0754243b2b93b79f8f3adb60389c9,17届评选中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PlK3NjbCVY756jZ2yuLWi,皮克斯工作室一共拿到8个小金人fa8a5642780d8c9930828843640c479a,几乎占据一半46976c9fbc2f0251bdcd73520c5776f8d164ba00JTViY2JiYzc2ZGUyYmM=

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JjViY2JiYzc2ZGUyZjk=

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《头脑特工队》、《勇敢传说》、《飞屋环游记》、《机器人总动员》等MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jK2wtbWi

8de981e5cd34066dd6af4d318be7d00878c2f32a

但是可以说直到去年513209be3e191bbebd6db8c9f81f9566,《coco(寻梦环游记)》在中国拿下十个亿的票房之后b717939e6ac5b94b3b1a19cec3f47505,中国知道皮克斯的普通观众才开始多起来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKy8tcei1c8f9901048656b296776856017a84b2

JDViY2JiYzc2ZGUzMzQ=

看了这么多《xx总动员》和《xx环游记》IzViY2JiYzc2ZGVjZTQ=,一直觉得它们的画风和名字似乎有些关联IzViY2JiYzc2ZGYyYjc=。直到寻梦环游记被刷爆朋友圈7c4f957d3b5705582907184d5262edf59a439573,我才后知后觉领悟到c721107d85cb386f2a21b9585f799e4c3c1bfa6c,它们是同一家动画制作的——皮克斯!95acbd3841149f93a63af9a2b2f802ac53fb0759

JTViY2JiYzc2ZGUzNGI=

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《coco》的故事背景是墨西哥的亡灵节2c16356a48f62bf0b7c2d992453659d5。热爱音乐的米格出生在一个不允许搞音乐的家庭9ee99616952683b6c1acc47f368803660296ea4b。米格为了追寻音乐梦想0ab1c32812a8c6624f2da0f9439144a7d48183c2,误入了亡灵的世界MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKy8k62i。故事中充满了骷髅头和亡灵d110e6c16453860b5c78bec140f63867b40aa865,但却十分温馨eab6f3f3648dce7528cf03a0e1bf75dd389065da。梦想作为把整个故事串起来的线索43018ce5b32031702b38892d039721fe3343d3e8,然而故事更多的是探讨亲情IzViY2JiYzc2ZGVkM2I=,甚至是死亡这样永恒的话题7f24e58250202ab74217213118c0dd3df351c1f9afaad7004d0cb38d4b24118b6242cc9c

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逝去的人将生活在亡灵界MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZ6wk7Wi,甚至每年有一天可以回到人间探访亲人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PlK3NjbCVY756kKy9tb2i。但是当世界上最后一个记得你的人也将你遗忘ITViY2JiYzc2ZGVkNTU=,你将在亡灵界化为尘埃IzViY2JiYzc2ZGYyZjY=bc449fb6b3a1fa47f9d4a93659fb8cd1

XjViY2JiYzc2ZGUzN2E=

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《coco》的成功绝非偶然MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZ6xtcei,2011年到现在547357076d02a0aa8dd24142dd603407,皮克斯创作团队花了6年的时间ITViY2JiYzc2ZGVkNzc=,跑到墨西哥采风749e672f2a8f29fb11b8ef86d8b05d5e031a46f5,住到当地人家里KjViY2JiYzc2ZGVkODc=,体验他们的生活MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZ6ypcui,几乎对一切都做了充分的准备e53ba0dcfd4d29fa96bdf78f3f1d6039,包括音乐112c953dc0b7503f71af1c6a827a80eea8d75cd6,色彩70b372630a50b1c67c728ad6c45221a754ed4f9d,剧情ITViY2JiYzc2ZGVkYjI=,场景以及角色塑造IzViY2JiYzc2ZGVkYmE=,最终有了这些充满真实细节的画面MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKy9y8eiKjViY2JiYzc2ZGUzY2U=

d66f71eb16aad26b9229d7030c5c79e997c2455b

而皮克斯也不是横空出世MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZ68zq2i,1986年NWJjYmJjNzZkZWRkMA==,当时刚离开苹果的史蒂夫·乔布斯收购了卢卡斯影业电脑绘图部0ccf103bf1dbbc44f3650c6ec59e9ed17007ec27,并以此创立了一个独立公司“皮克斯(PIXAR)”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKy9zr2i219a2e7328ef7853c475f74e5f87cd5c

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同年制作的经典动画短片《顽皮跳跳灯 Luxo Jr.》在计算机图形学顶级年度会议上映8b7599de36fb287ce301695263d8ca75d630c339,好评如潮a463705069c6887c4b52c9c58a2e4f5ed919414e。这个蹦蹦跶跶的小台灯动画成为了第一个获得奥斯卡提名的三维电脑动画电影5cb5b49bc3b4c8dc000ef5cc690860bf13708be5,后来也成为皮克斯的标志NWJjYmJjNzZkZjMxOA==NWJjYmJjNzZkZTQxNA==

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早在知道皮克斯这个名号之前c3072de1760c82df30b2b64da685354236e2ba4b,我就已经爱上它了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kK2wtc-i。第一次与皮克斯接触903fae6c629940af1e2a94ad14417c41c2531947,是小学里组织看电影JDViY2JiYzc2ZGVlMDc=,那时候老剧院就在街对面df2b346f244553f12264ca27e26a62c00b27dcb6。不知道是放错片子还是怎么回事14894f792e7a5fa7cb51f3b429a77292a0195bc4,《Monsters Inc(怪物电力公司)》我们看了三遍MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kK2wzq2i。第一次看到怪兽的时候我是拒绝的c93c770446e3362f3f7f7135fab9c20d111099a1,丑丑的还有点吓人f09f7657cc94c1618acda78de5fd773c。后来伴着五毛钱一包的小零食48a9010755803688010c8cfef3a0604a,越看越喜欢3cb2a9930b645785f3d0137cf9dfbee06098adaec64d3cb6015854468984087e2294ee3c1812def2

6190f27ae878f3783e9439fae9f908c5

JDViY2JiYzc2ZGU0M2E=

XjViY2JiYzc2ZGU0NDI=

怪兽公司 Monsters Inc.,(2001)6d7da864282a23f2c2821d63779dc2b4

82099cae7afd2e178132c2759a52566680637e8a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jGOxtcei

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JjViY2JiYzc2ZGU0N2I=

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IzViY2JiYzc2ZGU0OTY=

毛怪苏利文与小女孩阿布在相处中产生了感情ITViY2JiYzc2ZGVlMmI=,他们发现开心比惊吓能带来更大的能量MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kK2xpb2i。最终怪物电力公司不再依靠吓孩子而发电b0daa37cfd19b97f7823b53b09c617bb1db4bd75,改为了逗孩子开心1eceeb4d8580dca567ba95559bba7082JTViY2JiYzc2ZGU0OWU=

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ITViY2JiYzc2ZGU0YWU=

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我的家里堆满了盗版碟片MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZ-w28ei,美国动画片陪伴我长大eee2fd872b8014fddcc65d1f9219412f。玩具总动员虽然不符合我的公主梦7aa3589a742d56b64d32ed6e109daa80,但迪士尼乐园里的宇宙英雄巴斯光年还是给我留下深刻印象JDViY2JiYzc2ZGYzNjY=。虫虫总动员、海底总动员、飞屋环游记、机器人总动员是我那时的最爱XjViY2JiYzc2ZGYzNmU=39ef66517c7d56c92138f563ced436b4

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寻梦环游记 up (2009)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jGSwk62i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jGSxpbGi

老头带着他跟老伴童年时的梦XjViY2JiYzc2ZGVlNTE=,驾着自己的气球飞屋XjViY2JiYzc2ZGVlNTk=,驶向仙境瀑布MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kK2xzr2i。气球带着房屋起飞MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZ-xuKmi,那一刻简直燃爆了!同时起飞的还有我五彩斑斓的梦17df427204520dc91d643ece08f0dfecdd0ed96fe03c6c63f5f85d6bcaf75a6f

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后来长大了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZ-xy7Wi,盗版碟店关门了3a1286cdc05eca184857c6360cea334be8bb234c,兴起了网上看电影17ecc7c2be82e8f10d2436231973ea6fff061405。那时候我已经到了能理解人物丰富感情的年纪ITViY2JiYzc2ZGVlN2U=,皮克斯开始赚取我的眼泪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kK2yqLWi66fdbed6c6b33b165892b565d08f32eb

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机器人总动员 WALL·E ,(2008)XjViY2JiYzc2ZGU1ZTQ=

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机器人瓦力成为机器人形象中不可超越的经典存在d45174aacdcd05d16d3c16c1e71d46e36308e5f0。影片看似是讲呆萌痴汉追到完美女神的故事44b79da38bcbb39ff8cfd2322d621d2a,放到太空和未来的大环境下4ec7af33e83940658717f17e8ddc5565,却有着呼吁地球环保的主题KjViY2JiYzc2ZGYzYTc=IzViY2JiYzc2ZGU2MjI=

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《头脑特工队》是我认为最好的一部影片NWJjYmJjNzZkZjNiMQ==。这部动画片最妙在于5a0e083710b9970e15191b393f023096,它看似是给孩子看的MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtCPz63OgrCMnL6KjGi9sqGi,实则也是给每一个大儿童们准备的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PlK3NjbCVY756jZ-8y7Gi,关于心理学MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtCPz63OgrCMnL6KjZ2xoqGi,关于面对自己的情绪5440dfa4dafe13054f372efacec8a081a98302c36950041e66c0a345eef6c855db029ddd

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头脑特工队 Inside Out ,(2015)XjViY2JiYzc2ZGU2ZGM=

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孩子的头脑就像一个“司令部”XjViY2JiYzc2ZGVlZGQ=,在电影里这个“司令部”长得像一个程序控制台8bb52c041d854aaa6ba7af57fbc129e1,由5位小主人共同掌控,他们分别乐乐、忧忧、怕怕、厌厌、怒怒5ef14f219250a8c30f96d96bc5e7c2ee68eafcdbMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jGW9tcei

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导演彼特·道格特和他的团队花了整整5年时间来完成《头脑特工队》db1aeabbc7a6dfa217e3be1ae5b953cded4d30ed。他们请教了许多心理学专家1aad1fedc0e6764c2b597145e03615f6a8843381,来弄清楚比如情绪、梦境、潜意识等概念和具体含义MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PlK3NjbCVY756kK29paWi382bd02501d886f216b63a820935b862b6104fa3

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影片中NWJjYmJjNzZkZWYxMg==,我们能直观看到情绪在现实中是如何影响我们的行为0b69338dce73250495919cd9ad7f2543。我意识到MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtCPz63OgrCMnL6KkKuyoqGi,不要忌惮自己的情绪ece7449d85ebd7d5844a711e9f7fdf48014f10a3。即使是负面情绪JDViY2JiYzc2ZGVmMzI=,也是自己必不可少的一部分8f67b58e599a4907061ce21c6482bfd50a7fb926MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jGawqLGi

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角色塑造上、皮克斯是一流的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jaCw27Gi,看这位管理怒气的anger1eff7caf16ed01e034fba102ae3c99f357e145d9

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粉色大象Bingbong是主人公想象中的玩伴2e30e2a861004946d8dab951bd01da4d1c8bf51d,她拥有所有美好的记忆62ff526b8b4cdeeb4bf7b51390ae5fea040a13a1

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|皮克斯创始人:用技术完成动画梦273274c4c8b85416102da34336af022c

除了一流的创意和一流的故事c487872e237facdc38235fb68b0be28d,皮克斯还是绝对的动画技术引领者MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kK29y72i。纯电脑制作电影的发明人a4eaaec748265c4673a04011424e98b2,它们技术超前e64f717b78415c5e5186e911545bec48a9fd23da,细数片单MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jaCxy6mi,每一部之间在技术上都会有一项巨大的突破XjViY2JiYzc2ZGVmNzA=,在CG动画领域78d00ec320d762fa9c62a9d7f6eba67f9f7b1704,只有技术无障碍后艺术家才能尽情发挥MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kGOwqLWi。这里就不得不提一个人——艾德·卡特姆a54ead7a691a7b1ed423a0dbc228084c55f0b6aa146ce2d03d0d39df9303440c65fdce89

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他虽然是科学家出身94beafee51e0a7edbf42ef24bba300a96b04d533,却深爱动画艺术MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PlK3NjbCVY756jaCytbGi,也是动画技术的推动者d61d0832980d6858efbf91777e12ee7ac5c93ee1。一次偶然的机会2ccb7b9471fcdde1cda11c9fef6e1de4,我读到这位皮克斯的联合创始人撰写的书籍60a7ea004bd616a7a54f71ed7f389bb2e4b69a7c。我从中看到这位程序员对自己热爱的动画是何等执着MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kGOwk7WiJDViY2JiYzc2ZGU4MTc=

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艾德•卡特姆是一个动画迷f1241b1366744d6dd54c34b6fe42234b,迪士尼是他心目中的最高殿堂9a150e0f6299b8f0dd1f00c1e1d5e1c5ecc5e730。他的偶像是华特·迪士尼和阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦da4e7e844e59134967a2574547b46584。“虽然我年少稚嫩MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jaC828ui,但在我看来e6dcc58df10e40379e41285aadf20897b5cdcea2,他们两人就是创意界的两根顶梁柱165348e6655f728eb3ffaffc0655c0dafb0e8618。”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jGextbWi

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小艾德•卡特姆尝试学习绘画失败了9285e2f87966c47600c24f65dcf5b64f5e74cdb9,却发现自己有数学天赋dc5ef3ed646855837dc49f090090c45191f983d1。从犹他大学毕业JjViY2JiYzc2ZGVmZjQ=,他取得了物理和当时新兴的计算机科学两个学位JTViY2JiYzc2ZGY0NzM=。研究生再次被犹他大学录取99f4218d6d76077aa064652409dc4477d3744c9dMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jGexy8ei

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1969年电脑制作的图像尚十分粗糙a4ae6ceae5a12745f7f8896206997fa2,但是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKqwpami,一边设计新的计算机算法9909badfcca64742d42872a1222e8e8a,一边看着图像质量一步步提高a3e0c35a47aeb5edb8a82b73726fc4039e73be17,这让他颇感心潮澎湃b5da393d54e45526589174d2b3c55c5b。童年时的梦想又一次渐渐清晰起来bd9fb4431485877c7b600e76b5afeb0fe40ca6e1MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtCPz63OgrCMnL6Hnma8yKGi

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26岁那年ba0a699c487e56fcd6af406bb8cf9ac4,他为自己定下了一个新的目标:研发出一种新的绘画方式1592a419d1ce89fc502d390625824216,用电脑MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtCPz63OgrCMnL6deK29oqGi,而不是画笔来制作动画4a359c5f9c077d69024f4794db48a501,并保证制作出的图像在质量和美观上达到电影标准01dffbb04293056d2651a965ac875da7481c366cf7aa6e3cbfe827e667ce13e08302c6df

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于是他花十周时间IzViY2JiYzc2ZGYwNTg=制作了世界上第一部使用三维计算机图形的影片dca51fa1ca37f82784063780020ef3bf。当时ITViY2JiYzc2ZGYwNjA=,计算机连平面都显示得不清晰dbe19cd0756488276b5a404a89190ed01ba7c2d5,更别提曲面了d36f276d2314f7e8ab06e96d0101324b。他用自己的左手做了一个石膏翻模99edb97f80d29892cdcceaa15b989f1c,在上面画满了350个相互连接的微型三角形和多角形NWJjYmJjNzZkZjA3Yg==,然后测出每个角的坐标2d4bce0fe689d4b1179b4d3e2339de387ffac99a,把这些数据输入了自己编写的三维动画程序中adf37bcae7cfc35f3bf574e32c36b492a9d6623c14ec6a920abcc15c6ec121b2b01894c6

d788673ff0eab77e7f945601fd1b094522c8725a

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《手》于一场计算机科学会议上首映0e3d3dd78bb991b56e14eedc54c5ac75,大家都没有看过这样的影片e66c1891b898a759d6ea45be251ae4ed,因此它引起了不小的轰动7ba68fbf0718ad96f6db8c463da352e1。这短短4分钟的影片2d3662ce2dbfb3e68e18937de1b87373,却让他投入了6万多分钟的制作时间IzViY2JiYzc2ZGY0ZDM=985f8371531cb7b5b15d4d336501794b

b05fd69c97680135443bf0b7315c14a6

在动画电影的发展上IzViY2JiYzc2ZGYwYWM=,皮克斯有极大的功劳JTViY2JiYzc2ZGY0ZGI=。还在卢卡斯影业时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKq8uLWi,皮克斯就作为计算机动画部IzViY2JiYzc2ZGYwYmU=,为卢卡斯开发了RenderMan接口规范的前身REYESMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKq8zr2i,并开发了包括“粒子特效”在内的CG特效及各种制作动画的关键技术c0de843b99d9081a93ca88492429920c35466fd3QDViY2JiYzc2ZGU5MmU=

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RenderMan为皮克斯用来创造视觉效果的核心渲染技术dd6bba91c061a681e35e0573c296b75891919e78,它是个高效能的渲染器611548f48522a5f55debbf5c7bb89132,可解决各种最复杂的3D影像85fb0c15c1ed3999d2aec6ed24b82a87c6a5c42d,而且稳定又可靠NWJjYmJjNzZkZjRmYw==。2014年7b8fb7b48a93c69f5fcaf390868197ba4f4d169c,皮克斯发布了免费的RenderMan非商业版本XjViY2JiYzc2ZGY1MDY=6e408c209800f5de7a12355fb9fd10cd

a614fae75508c9977df2a5ccff2a4513

毫不夸张地说769df9a2b4f6fbd0499b2a6f1a3a0d4adaa0675f,如果没有皮克斯JDViY2JiYzc2ZGYwZmY=,动画电影的发展不可能如此之快186e6fa07e2bf1f1ae361890c6b5f63f。1995年b097d93bfa69b6b41f38ec03ad14e48314e37b96,《玩具总动员》开创了3D动画的先河JjViY2JiYzc2ZGY1MjE=。2001年35860cad1f1952675097a51b6331541e,《怪兽电力公司》把动物毛发做到极致406d96732a49c93bc4bbee21a26c1cd7813ee89c。2003年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKuwtbWi,《海底总动员》专攻光与水的奇妙变幻QDViY2JiYzc2ZGY1MzI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jGi8tbmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtCPz63OgrCMnL6Ho5ywoqGi

JTViY2JiYzc2ZGU5YzE=

6e2834681b6bcd7ba00baaf339d4e49f

QDViY2JiYzc2ZGU5ZDM=

海底总动员 Nemo ,(2003)JjViY2JiYzc2ZGU5ZGI=

d66f4d85feca781c72241b99b2019c352f6bc322

|失意的乔布斯遇上“不赚钱的动画部门”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jGi9tb2i

艾德•卡特姆痴迷于用技术改变动画艺术1c9a4e9917f3a6e5c980939475000b1854a6ea23,但他的旧金主卢卡斯影业却每况日下ITViY2JiYzc2ZGYxMmY=,养不起这个从不赚钱的电脑绘图部了MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtCPz63OgrCMnL6djK2xsqGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jGi9uL2i

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1986年e9b424dc33eff55bbf8678e84ce6264922feb133,史蒂夫·乔布斯(Steve Jobs)以1000万美元收购了乔治·卢卡斯的电脑动画部JTViY2JiYzc2ZGYxM2Y=,成立了皮克斯动画工作室MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PlK3NjbCVY756kGSwk7miMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZuwqLGi

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PlK3NjbCVY756jZuwzrmi

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然而01d718d4ed69552514d4b96be199d71a0cc7c8d0,乔布斯看中的是皮克斯的图形技术603d7cd6bde9c0ef88f4278380f6a240389066e9。他判断5b9da5f2b41414df0204acf856f875d3,皮克斯的图像电脑是未来电脑的方向23b713bab614fd0385b9546fd56f245cf109b916。1986年0bb6670ee033e29c3813fd73a8ebaaba,皮克斯制作出了第一个产品——皮克斯图像电脑(Pixar Image Computercb9437a5a8ec032720cf1c473d6b38df49820e9e,简称“PIC”)MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PlK3NjbCVY756kGSxuKmi。但这台图像处理器售价十二万五千美元328d550609a20221d743f90d77f1b0e2,而且还没有任何应用程序45e11009cc2a418ee07929ccfeeaa7e3。它的销路可想而知50fe8bbe3872f7f80936b94d2dfa71c3da50b4aaee2fb1f74a6f883118d097f4

JjViY2JiYzc2ZGVhNTU=

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乔布斯买下皮克斯后c5ccb768c980952c8b861deff8441796254f177c,公司几乎一直处于“烧钱”的状态e851e9506cd3a922765a47d8332f6233。在1987~1991年a362dbaea0b871f587308d3201675f00154a260b,对皮克斯信心全无的乔布斯曾三次尝试将公司转手436017b4de4a3b1792c0dce7995952f23a5cc3a6。微软曾打算出价9000万美元买下皮克斯QDViY2JiYzc2ZGYxYTA=,但乔布斯一想f834e7e23951f8f87ca466bf4ff99a08f866d7b5,微软愿意出价收购a73bc35e6ee28dc02fcef9c2d90d453b,说明皮克斯是有价值的c2390c4fcc4dccc88fafe9d7b33862abITViY2JiYzc2ZGVhOWM=

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在当时, 用电脑制作3D动画完全是被认为是离经叛道的事情e7b04dc96eea32e6a9d33637a1d9758d17ce45e4。正因为乔布斯的坚持JTViY2JiYzc2ZGYxYmY=,才有了今天的皮克斯4381498242d813ca1f7f7793682c9a8ff66bb5f507a49f805fee2eb1b965e736303f2183

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皮克斯之后出的几乎每一部动画上96b47eddd82966f6806d8ee88a05549ed92e4964,最后都有对乔布斯的致谢3f8c85a405e0a48b53580f4c7ea8f5b9ITViY2JiYzc2ZGVhY2M=

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1995年MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PlK3NjbCVY756kKu828ui,世界上第一部电脑动画电影《玩具总动员》上映e7b5cbf36d3d9b3f9c2b948757ebeb80,以1.92亿美元票房刷新了美国动画电影票房记录MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PlK3NjbCVY756kKu9qK2i,以3.62亿美元票房缔造全球标房记录d1cca2a51997f51442c96fca21353c5c13d49528,CEO乔布斯因此坐拥10亿身价MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKu9uLWi,而被面临倒闭的苹果公司请回去力挽狂澜MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kGS8y72i。乔布斯答应了并且回归并发行了iPodMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kGS8zrmiJTViY2JiYzc2ZGVhZjU=

JjViY2JiYzc2ZGVhZmQ=

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZywqLmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZywtb2i

JjViY2JiYzc2ZGViMjc=

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtCPz63OgrCMnL6KgGOxoqGi

玩具总动员 Toy Story,(1995)QDViY2JiYzc2ZGViNTQ=

1aebf07d3f3490497d0309b5e57abf6f

|勇闯好莱坞:与迪士尼共赢0bff88d85a62b3ddd061eff8f3b72a5fba4d3d05

2006年1月24日e1a28f1fd5b5ada375b24ee13fdb05527b2b9a3d,迪士尼收购了皮克斯ed1ec1d35acba8054f14e12c73ae29e3。手绘和3D动画之争JDViY2JiYzc2ZGYyMTI=,以双方的和平握手MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKywtbWi,画上了句号96fc6fa6a358865be5a78c6c4d76c07f71b67ab8MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PlK3NjbCVY756jZyxy8ei

1b948b3b04c34467f02e8a05ff4a9d0a49455a11

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZyypaWi

NWJjYmJjNzZkZWI5Mw==

迪士尼收购皮克斯MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PlK3NjbCVY756kKywuLWi,可以说是一种必然7e365f91cc19b309ee30c069403f648498f33860。早在创始人艾德•卡特姆小时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PlK3NjbCVY756kKywy7mi,就对迪士尼心生爱慕了NWJjYmJjNzZkZjYxMQ==。每到周日晚上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKyw27mi,他会提早几分钟在地板上趴好MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKyxpbWi,等着华特·迪士尼出现在12英寸的黑白电视上f9c1e020ad913b8f03d6f39227d08feb4aeaab9dMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtCPz63OgrCMnL6KgGixyKGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZyyuL2i

2006年59ff3e58149e8c6abb7d7f7de4ecf8b7c3de69a8,迪士尼以74亿美元并购了皮克斯JjViY2JiYzc2ZGYyNjA=,乔布斯从占皮克斯50.1%的最大个人股东变成占迪士尼6.07%的最大个人股东MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtCPz63OgrCMnL6dkKu9oqGi。皮克斯从独立公司变为皮克斯动画工作室f72a2a4cf92d41f1c4e3a7f81fdf00687c6cec81fd52322f775bd2f360915176c6f30994

72d80e99cd14433b66ebc2acf27a5d1d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZy826Wi

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PlK3NjbCVY756jZy9paWi

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PlK3NjbCVY756jZy9ta2i

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ITViY2JiYzc2ZGViZmI=

The art challenges the technology, and the technology inspires the art. (艺术创作挑战技术的边界28182a8568c8d82d48ac9302ca15845a6a3dee4d,而技术又反过来启发艺术创作MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kGWwzrWi。)IzViY2JiYzc2ZGVjMDU=

——首席创意官John Lasseter3465bbfe9e9ac5becedc9300b0b82cd462308d23

b2691a53c3f4869166a21edc78c99e9c1dcf6eec

这个伟大的创意公司在英明领袖的带领下艰难地摸黑前行MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PlK3NjbCVY756kKyxzr2i,如今又站在前方向后来者慷慨地伸出手9d810cc41ee67949fa9225e0ed1bee85。皮克斯对动画和电影做出了不可替代的贡献6ebbaff2589984cb21471e4c29104c9b,让创意和技术照亮着世界JDViY2JiYzc2ZGY2NDY=2e6194b4580ed333f7379aab841e0257

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KjViY2JiYzc2ZGVjM2E=

图片来源于网络6292698576f021224b715a0cf40aea94

- END -KjViY2JiYzc2ZGVjNGE=

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