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如果现在还没有电脑,设计师们怎么做设计?

 AYO wass upa2910d9261f6b778f963d93925989cb9,我是象君MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfKqxy6mi

说到要当设计师ad35b4ea1f6afb6e74d6667dfc99f76ae4a87685,我们想到的一定是↓1371cc067b9e53f1de410ba6b08f2b5f

0e2eee3fed7f23da863cd6ed3f3ae3e5

8b86e8560c5e8503a1fd8e06547db2284448e49a

6b2f63f253844d8d3e2a5ff8d9e3a2ce

 (设计师必要掌握软件系列)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfKuwpaWi

 6187dcf3900c8943e809351da551b8dc662d1d3d

以及这样的内心独白8e7ade5de308ffbe67a213d96087f708b23ed862

9680d5d57aaf34cd5bba7037dc23f25d651cdfaa

a7120c1c3708a54292b4abebea10fd7ee1d3343f

65bdcef4bbddedc4e0c4e100d8407e43

 软件提升了设计效率2b4e0882aae1d851663c02620a8d1924

所以才会有一天改十几遍的甲方MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfKu9pa2i

软件上手容易MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfKu9y6mi

才有了如今半路出家的“设计师”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMaVgrCLY72HgKu9sqGi

ecb42756c46943a6063f569f00091cf7e8a13371

软件能力逐渐成为了设计师们竞争的资本MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfKyxy7Gi

而如今人工智能 鹿班 横空出世MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfKyytc-i

d984b129652b5c43992543c69d955a44

dd3cc314e9e46e3d8e3f2c9516acac85

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfKy9y72i

IzVjMTY3NTc2NmEzMzY=

5fd0f26f484d4b527b3db0548b997161

在央视节目里狂虐从业12年资深设计师87c8e1d9504c0791eb202352bbb47ccf

它可以一秒生成8000张不同海报NWMxNjc1NzY2YTNhOA==

一时间334887e896adc060be792a7f0d1624c6

设计师们都在问自己的饭碗还端得住吗?75ac3ca12d90b7a3fd0e181c222acc77

答案一定是AI不可能替代设计师NWMxNjc1NzY2YTQwYg==

因为不管是AI鹿班还是软件e6812852ef122fa99998cc109407a81f49ea80f6

他们都是程序编写的e78b4b2065d519914f04dbb9f3a7954d

而一旦程序出错077ac14dba90587bd9ca5ceff2fcbe97

bee972d7cbe3cadb65f6c25b82dfc12e9e65705c

30c639e75d5706d998f537ed02df9671

3f948aa09a2dd52df87e1ce4881f2ef5

ummm.......MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGO9tcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGSwpb2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGSwzrmi

45c976eb70ef809faedf820be1e2209a

 如果客户和鹿班说我要五彩斑斓的黑0a78c688f4b6ce117cac303510aa1331733589ed

可能鹿班就直接当机自闭了03b97e2f72a792625c4cf19dc61bd993

04f174d9bee9913e1094e99c6256c3f77e54653e

和客户沟通是设计之中必不可缺的一环72455ce4664057dd439f9c9f092dcf87c91df6b3

这是软件和AI不可替代的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGS9y7mi

在沟通中画图快速表明自己的意图MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGWwtbWi

是设计师的基本技能JTVjMTY3NTc2NmE2NGM=

只要这个技能在MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGWxtaWi

569a850210ec7dbc5bd3dd77a66bbea8

即使有一天全世界都停电了8f42173a8c70d966b66d6c954989c4bb08300386

我们依然可以设计!cc1b24f4f0f6065977c7d1423ebbed76cf290b1f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGW9y6Wi

毕竟 画图 这个技能8571e1676de40136ab6b069a0391d08d

可是我们前辈们传承下来的手艺活!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGawzrWi

不信?那就看看前辈们的作品1cffe511276d91189c7c965cf209747a

 84caa81da6ad8a48fa2b54f25f6a8b9e69b1353a

9f158aff2a108829d390a9cfcec657d1

de1dcce491c861c41812a9e4c29d13af

JDVjMTY3NTc2NmE3ZmI=

16b36cbf303b0b07babb089238a739e9f633ab84

而这个设计图就是QDVjMTY3NTc2NmE4Mzc=

位于苏格兰格拉斯哥的米切尔公共图书馆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGewk62i

b327f570ef9984e0faf2259f077f01878fdc9c1b

IzVjMTY3NTc2NmE4OTI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGeytb2i

2c7ea5e61a63793fb56c700de1b67b6f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGe9pbGi

7a56e3b975145bec8be0591af97d8c488701547a

e6a5d3d16da06c9655d3daf32f8c9b95108ebe21

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmE5NDk=

这效果图有没有看呆了?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGixqLWi

在上世纪70年代可没有电脑更别提软件了JDVjMTY3NTc2NmE5OGQ=

这些都是纯手工绘制597a1fc76d0110e7e736d2b59b0514a53aaf4798

 不会手绘的设计师MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfGi8y72i

都是假设计师!!!QDVjMTY3NTc2NmE5ZWY=

 在电脑还没有办法服务于设计的时候e6ed9a78ec9fa211d41fd5cd182a1c3b

在还没有Adobe之类软件公司的时候NWMxNjc1NzY2YWE0NQ==

那时候的设计师们的工具得铺满一桌面 c5ea977f4188604669d90f2601feca431ff37845

2d0c078f3b86b93963d0e90f0c55f96a

bf2ea711fd58af52e142b2aac2e9a34b649e21f8

7a23f60c31dfc0732e2dab799076b768fd66c05f

(图片来源网络)22de8bfe8ffea1078cecdcb4da3d3894b4d476ea

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfZu9uLGi

象君能叫出名字的只有圆规、尺子还有圆规和尺子.......JDVjMTY3NTc2NmFiMjQ=

咳咳whatever不重要68024ebf5395e46f5b807a7b4f8d6b5c

那个年代的平面图、效果图、剖面图等等MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfZyxpb2i

都是用这些工具一点点绘制出来的398b32d2bf4a1faad14d33108f9f876b

这手上没点功夫还真干不了这个事情1785b894fb826c5afa42ce4768af17aa

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfZy8tcui

那时候的工作室或许称之为工厂更加合适 JTVjMTY3NTc2NmFiZTE=

96b6a14cebb5937185ce81a8af2ce48213a5655c

14e9b23d4cf6b64d05fe58dd1875abab25a724ad

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfZ2wy6mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfZ2wk72i

KjVjMTY3NTc2NmFjN2Y=

e432c311040dce0fb29c560303606127

34aa1e97e112db197686c4ebd70d60ea298d7033

33eef7aa3503514ec630e805c94747c7

ITVjMTY3NTc2NmFkMDY=

  一个大大的车间里面放满了制图桌0bce783ddf3c302a714f100bf27f6ff7

“沙沙”声不绝于耳XjVjMTY3NTc2NmFkNDk=

设计师们浑身上下都透露着专注24444c16035214b5ab320aef1f60ef07

e280854f0c0708cd677bd6199fec095be816c175

66f3b09c1afaea1297d07f5b1a1681d2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfZ68uL2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfZ68k7mi

67b472b5a2f59e14a67e6bcd12b15d1b

52731077968ae10b3715a082ce85e2a354ec5a99

e880f37ffcaed0e2e7758532004cadd0

334543ba532647e6cc9877722916146f

83ba65433760b1a58e2ee3d5b73a25a81a3a890b

他们有的一边讨论修改方案a7570b9704da30d6d37caea17153cd9dfc3472e6

有的拿着各种工具反复确定尺寸ed54398b4ae3d2e3950f499d36d75ec3

一些小型的工作室用了一切能利用的空间78f10f80a400feb2193a788f80f34d0c

就为了放下大大的制图桌 70b2bcaa43f1ad7ab7ec46638b51a3b7

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfaCxpcei

ca5c86473b2d4a812ec5f27e6a24f065

d22b1b4699915697e49dac51809afd97

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgfaC8y62i

e7d4da7dfbcc3bca54b3ac544f7b74d5931eaec5

284f3ddedea1a7089334accd8b48d159

8d3f94f6e91f66d632510d296a0d4b9d

 相较于现在MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggKqwzrmi

我们坐在电脑桌前不断点击鼠标MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggKqxqLWi

手在键盘上飞速的敲击着快捷键MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggKqx272i

那时候的设计师在做的事情更像是体力劳动NWMxNjc1NzY2YjBjNA==

如果图纸比较小MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggKq828-i

设计师的还可以保持正常的坐姿81557fdc0192a5ed20dbbf7139e5d3ec

那万一碰到了工程量超级大的项目1edd233f81a0e7df8b6fb1fb605d3dd5

例如一整个街区又或者是大型公园b621b1eeec6e7ffa4f5fa480533ea0b9c3e4c8fc

这时候他们就没有办法保持正常的姿势了 97b056e3a3cae6da0381a833fd8445f8

cd786d323ddbd310d3c1bd4e816804fc4f3a2672

e60346389b05f24015c00486c0c205fc6b7f7878

6bd7da03640d2e391640760e3d418e1b48677251

516bf323859c858eb40939028b45e742cbc9ad3c

f876c269eec62d99dc35f98d123fb1543bb70c81

这工程量可真是让人脱发c85690b4e5d4d213d29ec91facf8970e1ebbe807

如此大的图纸f5b92c3ca1dee221fb6edcf4d1378988

要保证每一根线条的精确MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KggKyxzqmi

保证图纸的误差要精确到小数点IzVjMTY3NTc2NmIyYTQ=

所有的线条都需要用各种工具测量4bbc5babaf5a5457838ac5e73d874b150342324a

寻找对照关系之后再进行标注QDVjMTY3NTc2NmIyZWI=

这样的事情放到现在的社会MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KggKy9uL2i

非大毅力者大耐力者不可为之c600ce1096c1938af3a9f6d35dbda298

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggK2wzrWi

如果是我JDVjMTY3NTc2NmIzNjY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggK2xzqmi

我还是选择让甲方让我修改十遍方案吧NWMxNjc1NzY2YjNiMg==

我可不是处女座!17f8ae1142891ec06a740e660a03c23e

然而象君还发现有个有趣的现象JDVjMTY3NTc2NmIzZmY=

那年代的设计师们他们的头发和图纸一样6c497202bd3f4d484955ee918986bdb28d5a46b3

都是 一 丝 不 苟NWMxNjc1NzY2YjQ0NA==

5be77c9b2a9d933c93b86a26e9f5701b2d7edd37

ad132c11aa1c05893d24136e39d14c92bfa19773

db8cb5c7099f7960ab7e2bc31c336f92

JTVjMTY3NTc2NmI0Y2Y=

IzVjMTY3NTc2NmI0ZjU=

 和图纸一样严瑾 2426ad63b83dbdf192d809b7f2e28bab64abd153

640cfc6c72332cc0d403de53d9e20438c65577c3

61fc5d4e80fbacf6c74ab19823f5ef74

JDVjMTY3NTc2NmI1ODU=

4d4d9bc65ceafeb6402961aea750ec8d

98856c823699c96d0942014851fda6a8

哪怕头疼发型也不可以乱0a40695e9603607d0cd9ec5b86953188

6a808187576cf413632909ef4f307cc6

fa78aa7ce76a51d56c42472b52209ed54e514ad1

6dd2cde6da4f8ac5b4647dc6d313e677

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggGWxuLWi

 d0c68255a221e63b33bf4cc71b5df0592464a403

标志性的偏分 JjVjMTY3NTc2NmI2YmE=

d1f41d6c593306f83d447cd6b283b81b230af97c

89442dede1956347a673e79aa8497369

106b2c98cd2f184efac171919847296e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggGawy7Wi

JjVjMTY3NTc2NmI3NWM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KggGaxy6mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggGaxk72i

5d13488cac71d77f864a972a503c6503edfe62f7

他们这种从骨子里带出来的严谨MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KggGa827Gi

才是完成这些精美的设计图的关键574ea9ed19877f6229b1d393842b13c962b1aea4

用现在话来说他们都是独具匠心的人44cc049006b5123ef13bc193409a2bfd1f0f232b

 看了这么久他们的工作的样子fffcc70b13c01cb153e9696b4b1b04efbe59124e

没点作品怎么能征服你们挑剔的胃口IzVjMTY3NTc2NmI4NTY=

话不多说df4f46e3fa304e27e59a999c0600b9b0

上图MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggGex28ui

KjVjMTY3NTc2NmI4Yjg=

d077cf7d8a8483199621172a58bd4a74

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggGe9qKmi

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmI5MTM=

1a0101d3dc0de7135c625ccb090b9854c8ef91e7

所有的效果图不管是平面还是立体的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KggGiw27mi

都必须保证数据和线条的精确QDVjMTY3NTc2NmI5NzU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggGix28-i

94765ddee2764c5642716d56c956f4aa

f90b1c74d369ddedd2bf33e61d7775fc04f9b960

KjVjMTY3NTc2NmJhMGM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggZuwtaWi

这些严谨的线条会让强迫症患者极度舒适JDVjMTY3NTc2NmJhNTA=

NWMxNjc1NzY2YmE3Yw==

KjVjMTY3NTc2NmJhYTE=

ec28212d7e4ab4d4104b9febd5e01fe0

JTVjMTY3NTc2NmJhZTQ=

a00c18c5633effdcf79400d2f0a28fe3132d040b

CAD里有各种工具和参数算法MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggZywqLmi

来保证施工图的准确性JTVjMTY3NTc2NmJiNGU=

而在那时候只能靠反复的测量和计算JDVjMTY3NTc2NmJiNmM=

IzVjMTY3NTc2NmJiOGE=

975abf2133d7c4b8937eb8778f4ce6dee00c0066

ab1c4e537fe0a2979fa7b74f9fa594cf

JTVjMTY3NTc2NmJiZjQ=

KjVjMTY3NTc2NmJjMTk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KggZ2wuLmi

ab89f7e0a562d620b11af2f754bc60fb

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggZ2xy62i

楼梯立面还有结构细节6f823ff1992d11b11f36eb7aee83cca2

全靠平时对实物的研究积累aeff227e4e3ddc623146c037b1b73d74

每一个参数都是严格的计算得到的e4d1bdc80d9fbf2bcdda2561071a24cc

怪不得如今的建筑专业还要学习高数 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggZ29y7Gi

4f654a1cb7b8d1c1441ca18585dfc8c1

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmJkNTk=

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMaVgrCLY72giGew2KGi

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KggZ69tcei

JDVjMTY3NTc2NmJlMmI=

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmJlNGE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KggZ-xqL2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggZ-xzrmi

4553962f4ea52fd23cd5ffe614e5d151

从这些罗马柱的图纸来看de45e71dd5e6aaf7e03ced0ff3c62db96204e390

这些前辈对罗马柱的研究NWMxNjc1NzY2YmVmNQ==

甚至可以出一本书00079cea91bc4e43951b5037036a2e0e

4439cd6b53c5fd235c0debd48e9f065a7e21213f

XjVjMTY3NTc2NmJmNTI=

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KggaCytbGi

c1c5e98ecaab37ec7e5d108d0514d61a

5a452e3768850f8874aa6c5c02d65ed1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KghKqwpbWi

e22e29d0f56c0c3fd056cdb4bca2dd32

8eec99baa5113233185d36c9e22f151e

941487cc5a21315556396ef6758916a3

e63f2a146afdbee8fb775ef51d02b14b3fdfe906

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghKq8y7Gi

46d4f84854756353469fdc89a3274604

88bdc4611087fc9bf0c270ab2daf97f3b15cbf06

对细节以及结构的研究XjVjMTY3NTc2NmMxNDQ=

可以说是细致入微4c0e15c6583e260964256a791c2944d262f45703

 23e70149f46469e29c2be7de2fed765d

82c571f462b07757bf4eba1383c73d46d59c3aa8

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmMxZWM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghKu9y6mi

JDVjMTY3NTc2NmMyMmE=

JDVjMTY3NTc2NmMyNTA=

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmMyNzY=

JjVjMTY3NTc2NmMyOTU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KghKyytc-i

331c9ebab82418e0ee5fa54509f77718

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMaVgrCLY72thKq8yKGi

01a196250b85ee503e10b6c08bdaf208

 6bd43e1e7402478e670042c02f749407

看到他们画的再想想我的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KghK2x28ui

让我赶紧吃个热狗压压惊3554412b57997b70573527666fea2fe7

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KghK28y7mi

7763a07bfd2d6524b64b4442bdade1e5

JjVjMTY3NTc2NmM0MmE=

KjVjMTY3NTc2NmM0NDI=

我们继续欣赏下人体CAD画的平面图 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghGOxpbmi

ITVjMTY3NTc2NmM0NzY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KghGOxk6mi

152928b9133911cf7bbaf33d6893508e59fad874

XjVjMTY3NTc2NmM0YzM=

b2519517841ab5d809e76b76052f311bbda54e58

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KghGO9ta2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghGO9zrWi

79cebc3490bd17e1dc19516150a8b3af

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghGSxtcei

ITVjMTY3NTc2NmM1OGM=

JTVjMTY3NTc2NmM1YmM=

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmM1ZDk=

1f510f64f01a34e250b7703b200abf10

NWMxNjc1NzY2YzYyMw==

3f04838f6410b1d8fa771dba364533e8

1644edec77478617801c2753889f56fdc79881f6

673a7c7b4d2af0c70cabd0f4f3800f1164520ea5

(图片来源网络)242d7d4ab52da82a902b446ce6b219e4

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMaVgrCLY72tkZux2KGi

建筑设计我们已经说的够多dbc4d44f112a9f93b68a94278506f831

下面我们再来聊聊平面的事情JTVjMTY3NTc2NmM2ZjU=

 海报KjVjMTY3NTc2NmM3MGQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghGawtami

在那个时候打印机可没现在智能JDVjMTY3NTc2NmM3NTI=

你只要电脑编辑好了按下打印4436fe8e45a1c39273573e1a150a1e7a1d5b8f75

嗡嗡嗡5627488230c9fa4b3e76bbc0a47c164752c78ac5

一张海报就出来a572cb8f47cac4688eaf29b9dd1d4f7be91fcda8

 这是那时候的打印机fdf85fbb5e7465d63aa83519932fb467

(确切的说打字机)IzVjMTY3NTc2NmM4MDA=

9753faafb79903302ee63a42955d0e66792bef3e

6e09d258d31327075b5c19d4990f13714d8c1e5b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghGexpc-i

f8930afd0e9d2e11109a47e7b06dc458ebbc4314

NWMxNjc1NzY2YzhiNQ==

就像字面的意思721dd060fbf2cac783068c773934eea6

它真的只能打字ITVjMTY3NTc2NmM4ZjQ=

所以不管是杂志还是报纸上的海报64b76fa352fb0cc3506c053cbaa75d2dbded54ba

都是那时候的平面设计师画出来的661ed9a17daf2a7b643cf8d5b641d5d5

像这样的4a0efd0b56d42739d05b9b653731280e74eb52c6

6d86b21f71debad1adcac797c0c36be6c145a304

760b1e9b5973fe99ab2f4446036765a7

4e50c25f85128648c5e258aabb404528178f189b

ad05ff3ea6a071cc4f444ad3611afb8f

JDVjMTY3NTc2NmNhMDA=

NWMxNjc1NzY2Y2EyYQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMaVgrCLY71lfK2xyKGi

a3b37cc8580f9c8a9e3cf93d0d62748c

e7572a387ab3b3d7c2f0eb733fb3ab6fd32d97d2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghZuyuLWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghZu8zq2i

624aba3cc6852ddb3f80ce1fd4d85f6af86a8d96

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmNiMTM=

  84081880390ce7eba05ec0987aad84042cd4794e

那时候的平面设计师MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KghZywk7mi

首先你得会画画65297a921c2d732e8872a8bfc47b9cb8ebd0e12d

可不像现在ba4d22d980f9fa951bc9109b87662625

会用ps37b0e2a2290d4b78b58c616cfcc0603b76beb572

就能MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghZy8zrGi

当美工9db4a3cd29b2312a63bb1e18ee981b05

为了给大家87f387dceef5f86a0c580f1db75a4fbd502ffac0

详细的描述下3b3406a0d9cdb1cb5edb9f4d8ff39f29

那时候的平面流程JDVjMTY3NTc2NmNjNDQ=

象君特地找到了一个视频MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghZ2xpcei

一位年近7旬的平面设计师JTVjMTY3NTc2NmNjNzM=

还原了他年轻时候做杂志的流程XjVjMTY3NTc2NmNjOTA=

 这是他要复刻的杂志海报d65c4f046205c1bd898499d1edba68a7

XjVjMTY3NTc2NmNjYzQ=

ee6f11c1214370edf87cc8b0bdc6d3c3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghZ29tbWi

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmNkMWY=

de7534bccf3d758efa0f122b23e6884f5f1752b5

首先他需要准备好海报上所用到的照片05788b676d7ff51a715eeb3147ce9769

还有准备使用的文案QDVjMTY3NTc2NmNkODM=

事先用打字机出来JjVjMTY3NTc2NmNkYTU=

剪裁成自己需要的大小 QDVjMTY3NTc2NmNkYzU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KghZ68k6mi

KjVjMTY3NTc2NmNkZmU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KghZ-wpami

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghZ-wtc-i

ae8456bbf799fb4aaa3e1af22e182887

会用到的工具主要有49ffba9ae0af60a586e105b134cce0c1d184522e

刻刀、三角板、丁字尺、各种拓印板074214a49b0a9bcbf973c03b98e03fdc

JDVjMTY3NTc2NmNlYjc=

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmNlZGI=

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmNlZjg=

JDVjMTY3NTc2NmNmMWI=

40a10a0ab5638165f208bd3773e3c96f

他需要先在白纸上JDVjMTY3NTc2NmNmNjA=

定下海报的尺寸IzVjMTY3NTc2NmNmODU=

然后用胶水把照片固定在自己想要的位置MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghaCyqKmi

(那个黑白的是照片!那时候海报是真的照片贴上去的)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KghaC8uK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KghaC828-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMaVgrCLY71lkZ-9yKGi

JjVjMTY3NTc2NmQwMzc=

37ae31ee018160e929852f8ab5e5e072

 接着把想要的文案啊元素啊之类的d06c741466e60ef86136143d9f472ba8b01afdf4

就像做拼贴画一样拼成自己需要的板式KjVjMTY3NTc2NmQwYWQ=

(其实就是PS的图层嘛)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiKq8y62i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiKq9pcei

a8a88fca49db742c93f13e653189c5d97acd7554

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiKuwuK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiKuwk6mi

43f62635b69f60e0e26eb61aacd19585f080abab

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiKuyqKmi

XjVjMTY3NTc2NmQxYzI=

 当然在这里的截图JjVjMTY3NTc2NmQxZTA=

展现出来的是已经打印好的字8efde002f63ea7b4738b97a96339e00f84e839e2

然而在那个年代MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiKywpbmi

设计师必须非常了解字体bbc5eb37ab77588f0913fcc632e0f33b5407a8ec

先用手稿写下那些字并且标注字体JTVjMTY3NTc2NmQyNmM=

寄给印刷厂XjVjMTY3NTc2NmQyOGE=

然后和印刷厂的印刷师傅沟通MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiKyyqL2i

告诉他们自己需要的字体型号3107eb7089f9087278dda1df7f9ef287acfb7252

包括大小、粗细等等MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiKy8k62i

再由印刷厂做出字体小样邮寄过来3b82c83ab2a82c2ba42849ebf3313eeacacabf4a

设计师再进行剪裁到自己实际需要的尺寸35cac8873a5df5111b2666118a8bf0c0

这个过程需要大概24小时!!7ad41b62d60fa0cc9ce9c0fee12f1809

JDVjMTY3NTc2NmQzNjc=

XjVjMTY3NTc2NmQzODY=

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmQzYTU=

d84896251518718ed9808ac8f900de2a854949fe

 如果字体的间距不合适NWMxNjc1NzY2ZDNmMA==

还需要用小刀切开............f14300b9c228ead9523bb2465e1dfc2e78369776

一点点手动调整字间距(word妈耶)MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiGOwtbWi

 而当排好版之后36d434a81edb5de71f23c3ec77f42c25d49abcf3

甲方和你的艺术总监觉得OK之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiGOxta2i

但是发现照片上有瑕疵0a503dbd593a063203597b490bcdfb89d2ba8ad3

(前方高能)IzVjMTY3NTc2NmQ0YTk=

设计师需要联系照相师4a8e80b5b0cdc46f64676580c532f977

用上图的小喷来修复照片QDVjMTY3NTc2NmQ0ZWU=

纯手动PS!!!2033a8b392e9cf09a6943db190bb1725

 而最终这些都没有瑕疵之后4fdcc60f2ab05d730e20f46542d645ce25f56100

就需要添加一些框架规则6b8eff48396f6a081a078a94247f18a5

比如下划线之类a0c70824d42e5e0f4a9720cdaf1b5aeb

(这里就出现了一个神器)21fc04397bbc996af74d64e40b457f2e

10f8a8d613668facfc5e02c1bef25c41

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiGS9uK2i

ace23356c9462662e10709b1fe72a871

9c7929902df92c6c807978c42d00b145

ITVjMTY3NTc2NmQ2Njk=

NWMxNjc1NzY2ZDY5Ng==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMaVgrCLY753kZuwsqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiGW8k72i

找到你想要的线或者你要的字体4b5c4bd6bd5b3bd993abe4582f2d8246282a77d8

用一种专用的笔将这个神器垫在纸上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiGawtbmi

一点点均匀的擦50e4e11c22bee9e9b01057384cff9d25

最终他就像打印一样印在了纸上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiGaxta2i

9f2906d4ba358eef8b1053d4ab9f77e4a10b382f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiGayqL2i

2c6e162a285d247cb69ca13102c3e011

f756bc5c8cca8fa1271ddf8cf71aca0b

 (PS只需要按住shift拉线完事儿= =)e4424a20bfa915be51e16b416188b53b8d1ade01

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmQ4Mjk=

而如果客户还有其他要求ca50a2bcc9d650341e17f8c228070137cdaea9fd

例如需要加一些没有现成的修饰的线MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiGexqLGi

则需要你用刻刀和图形板现场制作MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiGexzqmi

(过程很繁琐MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgjKq9tbWi,这里就不啰嗦)69a38fa28e17d63aac10abd684d34b49

最终我们得到一张f28024d40c611c0c4df502eb908b24979e3da5f0

这样的母版JTVjMTY3NTc2NmQ4ZTc=

而这个母版是没有复制的7dffe72942a1c369e7d894d1e32a3e792ba2df41

设计师把这个母版寄给印刷厂进行印刷0472b5a65067aa6f43e4a658ff8004a9af4b8804

如果途中遇到不可抗力a457f19f8e43ba5232f535feaa91cf09

刮风下雨啊之类天气影响f79b83a970466bb4c0ba83272c7e5c71eb13f2a1

导致了母版的损坏3dc029eb8e3551824d0f55ff45d60525189021ec

那么一切又得从头开始MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiGi8uKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiGi8k72i

093b6f9d480da18189109b86ee56fc27d6a3623e

2cea61d3a2ba0293e8980539b6cd0995633fa672

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiZuwzq2i

 (这个视频来自youtbe 《Before there was Photoshop | graphic design tools | Photoshop 25th anniversary》如果你感兴趣可以自行搜索观看)NWMxNjc1NzY2ZGE2Yg==

 b64285c0e5cbb152a5959ad891a773ffc9f64aa1

最后8e7bb580fa84bba0d72f8d14a11f1051

来欣赏下那个年代的平面作品980b37800d0bea96c03c8bc8b97fe4f7

QDVjMTY3NTc2NmRiMDc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiZywqLGi

b0e2442fafc233ac1dd5a5979b1efcbf

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiZyxtcei

13e12b83a46aace7c01292693fbb0562c6e629d9

电影《终结者》的海报a0d1093ecab903044408c850e00bbf57b540fea0

7b49d445ad61bd23f37d6573ea44cf8e8c64dfa2

dc6fcd96fc649c9ab0887b6f3d7c599dfe03524a

ITVjMTY3NTc2NmRjMTA=

8d397279bde35212649333bafaf1129f

e00bb6eee456d2a8edbf78d122883fb73136de0e

《超女》、《dollman》海报35d3ca4a04d561a20914c8ed4795b603916bb02e

54bc10da3467051beba96d81bfbbe213

0878681a471c78070b4d775926eb112a1630f5c4

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiZ29pb2i

ITVjMTY3NTc2NmRkMzM=

(图片来源网络) MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiZ6w28ui

XjVjMTY3NTc2NmRkNzE=

那时候的设计全靠一双手ITVjMTY3NTc2NmRkOGY=

是一项耗费大量体力和时间劳动的成果MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzMaVgrCLY756iGi8sqGi

向那些出生在那个时代的前辈们致敬c8f9562bba83a13426d86ea35f6d08aae8b21ab6

 现在时代不同了d7cb3d67fe77dd55ef93a08b98328e39

出现许多智能化的工具MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiZ69zrWi

使用他们可以大大提高工作效率0d9016f9381520126da2dc213a6f62283d479613

更有AI鹿班在瞬间完成大量基础工作bca08adfc086ce91b706240b85cd4482

但象君坚信设计师是无法取代的ab789f827181934b3b1cf027dcbd74d2

好的作品在于我们的想法045bc278a10f7858b137fe0d598f05e9ced59903

提升设计水平才是关键6f1703eb176d4c56b434329706357735031452aa

JjVjMTY3NTc2NmRlZGQ=

 没有电脑我们依然可以做设计00f4df70423394cd72da8da60ab1693bc25f2ffa

3aee81727fa9ef85921a33dd136fb3605e3a9100

愿越来越多的人了解设计的过程IzVjMTY3NTc2NmRmNDc=

少一些对设计师的误解MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiaCxqK2i

善待这个职业NWMxNjc1NzY2ZGY4YQ==

peace&lovedf3be0aaa6b689c7a404ba9b4c442127b668ff84

 - END -MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiaC8zq2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgiaC9tami

d10055c4dedabfa2689ca3e85fba18d4

KjVjMTY3NTc2NmUwNDU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryXgoqVY7KgjKqxqKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryXgoqVY7KgjKqxzr2i

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