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如果现在还没有电脑,设计师们怎么做设计?

 AYO wass up52146b65aab2b5d661c3a9665dc12f10,我是象君MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGO8tcui

说到要当设计师f586b3671eece0d7d47399708ad9be03,我们想到的一定是↓38168f6be170a4a621517ecb243c59e0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGO9uLmi

JjVjZTM1MzJhYWY1MDk=

ITVjZTM1MzJhYWY1MTc=

 (设计师必要掌握软件系列)e6a7526a9892571399659dfd29f7c31e35312f4f

 ITVjZTM1MzJhYWY1MzE=

以及这样的内心独白MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGSw27Gi

JjVjZTM1MzJhYWY1NGM=

JDVjZTM1MzJhYWY1NTk=

f70638792444cca546acb82ab17769e1

 软件提升了设计效率f653d96be8a05d631e704c9153de38dd0560cd37

所以才会有一天改十几遍的甲方10ff00c0beff91897c61611ebe388395

软件上手容易228be7a711d9deb02d93b5f22aba047b

才有了如今半路出家的“设计师”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGSyuK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGS8tcui

软件能力逐渐成为了设计师们竞争的资本90fec212b1f4426143571219d3b8bc1902d9e172

而如今人工智能 鹿班 横空出世f55f742b58bb4a2ce601a7751819ca3f

ab450c1d5e68a95b260988fbeab7485c17417736

e54721e61e8768e4e6bab55ac086d72d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGS9uLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGS9y8-i

NWNlMzUzMmFhZjYxNA==

在央视节目里狂虐从业12年资深设计师fee4ff6631b2a3452cda6347ca7499731661229d

它可以一秒生成8000张不同海报860d5bfd98eaf31248fd59b33ba7244f

一时间XjVjZTM1MzJhYWY2M2Y=

设计师们都在问自己的饭碗还端得住吗?03afdd7cce52a5a488d5bb868e13682d22841d5a

答案一定是AI不可能替代设计师MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGWxqLWi

因为不管是AI鹿班还是软件MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGWxy6Wi

他们都是程序编写的d6b674efce196e1a3e86758151794771b14c6a0f

而一旦程序出错JjVjZTM1MzJhYWY2OGE=

JDVjZTM1MzJhYWY2OTY=

JTVjZTM1MzJhYWY2YTE=

58b33c10222da79558b8ba0fdbcdffeddd6cd509

ummm.......MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGW8uLmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mb6dkZy9sqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGW9paWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mb6dkZ-woqGi

 如果客户和鹿班说我要五彩斑斓的黑e5cff24dd215b1a02803b5909e1b1c9a7f9b9846

可能鹿班就直接当机自闭了3a643e82444cc719e88cee128f36feea

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGawqL2i

和客户沟通是设计之中必不可缺的一环eaca1b471ec79e64b48997218e569ea78e5241e7

这是软件和AI不可替代的c7d6fd3454a882aa73980751bf1a2b5623b36a13

在沟通中画图快速表明自己的意图deb43a75621f0c4341566e6741251b63e587dd28

是设计师的基本技能0d9fa087ff7ca2e0eb66798ac5868bf01c6bcb0c

只要这个技能在b912964056e586046987e2139a4c384f

QDVjZTM1MzJhYWY3Nzc=

即使有一天全世界都停电了MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mb6dmma82KGi

我们依然可以设计!MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mb6dmme9yKGi

JTVjZTM1MzJhYWY3YWI=

毕竟 画图 这个技能97f7eec366ea013f95783a3fc74ef82f01557752

可是我们前辈们传承下来的手艺活!5bbbed2cf200e52a256b12f1fbd71d40cf9040f1

不信?那就看看前辈们的作品NWNlMzUzMmFhZjdlMA==

 035a1506ae12fd68a9fa375ea790b68aea4e3e19

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGa9uL2i

JDVjZTM1MzJhYWY4MGU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGewtaWi

JjVjZTM1MzJhYWY4Mjg=

而这个设计图就是NWNlMzUzMmFhZjgzOQ==

位于苏格兰格拉斯哥的米切尔公共图书馆9869b6408e7cf3d968443faee6540562cf28b66c

f0944b1cffd3bc296a65a800f8cfaec1bea8629d

NWNlMzUzMmFhZjg2Ng==

69f14d062f99441892b36cecdd0aa936

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGex272i

JTVjZTM1MzJhYWY4OTI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGeytbWi

JTVjZTM1MzJhYWY4YWM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGe8uLmi

这效果图有没有看呆了?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGe8262i

在上世纪70年代可没有电脑更别提软件了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGe8k72i

这些都是纯手工绘制JTVjZTM1MzJhYWY4ZTc=

 不会手绘的设计师MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGe9uK2i

都是假设计师!!!843112bfe1e0c8d4ff8e1062cc978e0ea79c3467

 在电脑还没有办法服务于设计的时候a564d6df1bdb624eb08e9892c19d1c30

在还没有Adobe之类软件公司的时候ITVjZTM1MzJhYWY5Mjg=

那时候的设计师们的工具得铺满一桌面 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGiwzqmi

a380908b7a639664c4db151fd6f1183dfe8084fd

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mb6domO8sqGi

b5da773bac69064523ec3a9e06845e27

(图片来源网络)KjVjZTM1MzJhYWY5Nzc=

5a1368d9ff974cf2ea27ddb0dba44c3f

象君能叫出名字的只有圆规、尺子还有圆规和尺子.......JjVjZTM1MzJhYWY5OTE=

咳咳whatever不重要MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGiytbGi

那个年代的平面图、效果图、剖面图等等26984de69a8f39e505d403659bf2c069a84a84d7

都是用这些工具一点点绘制出来的MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mb6do5ywsqGi

这手上没点功夫还真干不了这个事情db7c4817cb245641b6114e3dc43683d0

 8f6b9b43feb3ec8452c1676a96a7d290

那时候的工作室或许称之为工厂更加合适 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkGi9pcui

6c5553ace870f0cbace02d022a6aa189

KjVjZTM1MzJhYWY5ZmU=

1c39d11cd512b8f28c25f615f24f95cb

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZuwtami

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZuwuLmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZuwzqmi

5fd373ca71fc2a97ee31695a42675b34

1636ee792bbe05f8e8af8c75367e3d03cafe2106

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZuxtc-i

  一个大大的车间里面放满了制图桌14c6381edcc08cc56b20a4c96386fed14bd6d0d7

“沙沙”声不绝于耳JjVjZTM1MzJhYWZhN2U=

设计师们浑身上下都透露着专注c2656df33b2f3b696000b2bda499afaa3c6aba6a

1552da4211095bc8469dd5ce1bc0cae0

6a275ed2e6b82512968174a05d31635c

26f108cbffdaee2db395fbf8bbbf708d

d9af7f752e492995250fbf716d4648bf

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZu8k7Gi

e8dd7ad147a4516cb0f8b8319a02833220d784f9

c709820adf7ab62cacf101fdfe334c32

58aa822a6606c03483bd0db706d0befb

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZywqKmi

他们有的一边讨论修改方案f29d85b23b00633481e6f85b5b2d498860be2889

有的拿着各种工具反复确定尺寸MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZyw262i

一些小型的工作室用了一切能利用的空间MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZyxpbGi

就为了放下大大的制图桌 3587cec4554b2ed3047d43ee64ffab10

981159d2709ffe4451584e2b1574c78c90d63526

JjVjZTM1MzJhYWZiNzk=

JDVjZTM1MzJhYWZiOGE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZyyqLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZy8taWi

d84c774da89a3e27c626f091878361081ec6a2c6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mb6ggZ2woqGi

 相较于现在093ce84bdccd5d991d8b8184e3ef2e077a883d9d

我们坐在电脑桌前不断点击鼠标afd06b33c695735ffbdc57725dd57492

手在键盘上飞速的敲击着快捷键MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZy9y72i

那时候的设计师在做的事情更像是体力劳动ITVjZTM1MzJhYWZjMGU=

如果图纸比较小ITVjZTM1MzJhYWZjMjM=

设计师的还可以保持正常的坐姿4c305e7635bf4e65226ff53b08a3e347

那万一碰到了工程量超级大的项目XjVjZTM1MzJhYWZjM2Q=

例如一整个街区又或者是大型公园ccda9040d6a8b3335a437c6a4c142310

这时候他们就没有办法保持正常的姿势了 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ2xqLGi

45be281d967e659008302aab227198f3

KjVjZTM1MzJhYWZjNzA=

9bdc9312752cdc76126bc1ea8b6d6fbed6cb3689

b100da5f7af460f0397c881efc4cde48688f33e8

798866d266bcbb1a0c80f61d0848fe1a

这工程量可真是让人脱发48f8de783792dc42d76639b8940ff982c68901b5

如此大的图纸38ca26d370f3060745e13daabc118ad7

要保证每一根线条的精确0d7a5b0204e571c582902e9f0d50a49daf5a7ea5

保证图纸的误差要精确到小数点983c5b035802a0d2ba5f8bec746631e80eade911

所有的线条都需要用各种工具测量4374f2c85d852637e7e695c01ff682e3344d228e

寻找对照关系之后再进行标注2cd8cdf21d753381573946d8c22457ca97289b3c

这样的事情放到现在的社会KjVjZTM1MzJhYWZjZmM=

非大毅力者大耐力者不可为之e868456066a743494cbdf5193873e033

 335a4428dc3affffcae154e9295a6a7e

如果是我ef05280e595ed7f7b8dc25900b78c5cc3df83509

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ6wy8-i

我还是选择让甲方让我修改十遍方案吧KjVjZTM1MzJhYWZkNDg=

我可不是处女座!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ6xqKmi

然而象君还发现有个有趣的现象MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ6xtcui

那年代的设计师们他们的头发和图纸一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ6xy7mi

都是 一 丝 不 苟f92bcb1e2c74b61a0fc7aa2600ab434006106bd7

bc864a79cd9800778989df13ef571a3674b39ee1

d3069538ed582eaae212358e53b6a6a901b6e9f2

c3da5e8318ef683ac958dd3c1d51c89a9cfddd71

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ68tc-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ68y72i

 和图纸一样严瑾 KjVjZTM1MzJhYWZkZDE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mb6giZ6xyKGi

NWNlMzUzMmFhZmRmYw==

e15acb5c9fccba56d100837e86e6117b

199bc5af02a12945066e021a2e432483

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ-wtcui

哪怕头疼发型也不可以乱ITVjZTM1MzJhYWZlMzQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ-w272i

0f645af9d5355964e533aa38db2c814a

IzVjZTM1MzJhYWZlNWY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ-xy6mi

 d79c3f4d4a2fdd6debad6cc79d05c857

标志性的偏分 5e706446ee7db08c90a4a01a8e3a933c

77ca1bfba824c0197bacff08f16682bb

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ-ytcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ-8tbWi

JTVjZTM1MzJhYWZlYmE=

ea9dc44ece4b754c2ba17bf483c61466

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkZ-8k7Wi

NWNlMzUzMmFhZmVlNw==

7723a8a5b55959e36ece52d5decb3749d944fa6f

他们这种从骨子里带出来的严谨f6b85d143b5b1d26a83ce8d75196aead87979791

才是完成这些精美的设计图的关键ITVjZTM1MzJhYWZmMWU=

用现在话来说他们都是独具匠心的人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkaCwuL2i

 看了这么久他们的工作的样子82e4c73f6242cd39f4e076612254c971ddfbb5ee

没点作品怎么能征服你们挑剔的胃口XjVjZTM1MzJhYWZmNDA=

话不多说03fe639a27d5f494070218f9b31f17e76b733f08

上图JDVjZTM1MzJhYWZmNjE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2KkaCxy7Wi

JTVjZTM1MzJhYWZmN2I=

IzVjZTM1MzJhYWZmODg=

53996d930ab152a5db6b968a808581cf

59b4d4ea7d2c4134f8eb9f641d9b8c24

所有的效果图不管是平面还是立体的KjVjZTM1MzJhYWZmYjc=

都必须保证数据和线条的精确a1231718cec314694f5de44222d25bb89e396f1e

dbe2ff8e24e667ff7678b1f834a71d04

XjVjZTM1MzJhYWZmZWI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mb6gkaCwoqGi

IzVjZTM1MzJhYjAwMGI=

8156e309d131a9843a2faa6f48bf5b4d58ad496c

这些严谨的线条会让强迫症患者极度舒适IzVjZTM1MzJhYjAwMmU=

8b16e8d9eadb1a7966797a89dc36d408

XjVjZTM1MzJhYjAwNGI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mrF3eGSwoqGi

3c92af7ddd97ea4e75b6aebbf6d682cc

725283e7a915b3c71a1f214e88e37b84a5998a80

CAD里有各种工具和参数算法JDVjZTM1MzJhYjAwODc=

来保证施工图的准确性5a0812ec120b04e9fcf87d2560454f42

而在那时候只能靠反复的测量和计算MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mrF3eGi8yKGi

9662a7059f6e0067ae3d872d11d7cfea

9633054f3fa33092fc9c28c05bb64c01

QDVjZTM1MzJhYjAwZDI=

50d447ae12240dfb69103cefd03800a7eeb02c5f

NWNlMzUzMmFiMDBlZQ==

IzVjZTM1MzJhYjAwZjY=

c86da53da08f160173030b361ee0a9e68d1d0c22

91c0d2b0c441ab702914bca730212cd0

楼梯立面还有结构细节JTVjZTM1MzJhYjAxMTE=

全靠平时对实物的研究积累MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKuwta2i

每一个参数都是严格的计算得到的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKuwuLGi

怪不得如今的建筑专业还要学习高数 XjVjZTM1MzJhYjAxMmI=

b6d93e5f12ad5addcc3922a342b41bdf

d5ac64af58c2db868ce0701790499e8a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKuwk7mi

0aaf5361ab02dde9a25c8844f0c3c7122912ec3a

JDVjZTM1MzJhYjAxNTM=

JjVjZTM1MzJhYjAxNWE=

402c5194f7f8e468acfb4c28815b6a74

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mrF3fGWxyKGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKuxzrWi

bee8be014135f4a22912bb08caf6971d56294480

08973fac8bcdc0faafd3533df81af02c5526fda0

从这些罗马柱的图纸来看IzVjZTM1MzJhYjAxOGI=

这些前辈对罗马柱的研究MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKuyqLGi

甚至可以出一本书MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKuytbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mrF3fGi9sqGi

795f2e3af0c5ea1ffa1ed130049bc3e1

e76ca3725718293d76057670f861718d

115eb7b24a4be21ef4ff8cdf11e37bc98955baf5

KjVjZTM1MzJhYjAxYzQ=

ec425c2ae914ff015e56b0b875c1b2c6

QDVjZTM1MzJhYjAxZDI=

0fb7b69bee590a1068ab5c609429e8c83c3814d5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKu9qLGi

NWNlMzUzMmFiMDFlYw==

QDVjZTM1MzJhYjAxZjQ=

38da40ed16c48a3fe4dc28d86149adfa48cd42c2

e4dec6d3c0e0dfbb26735ba582e3a6b5

d6186a6152148239484371559002897f

01550d03548cfeababc26bbfe7d3ba8989e19a90

对细节以及结构的研究XjVjZTM1MzJhYjAyMWE=

可以说是细致入微1aafa7275dcbf8ef712cac15419654315eae742c

 8aab2d313d7aab04b3b8fc3348d3bde1a80bc26f

8301cf8fbccdac53ed68219ffa5816c83a704061

f1c98fa6e35fd8fc69621704c3201439

3edf3ddc93d593122923f3ac48840a31

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKyxpb2i

a5a4e0a9ef3669fb783002be0c4ebbecbbe1e553

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKyxtcui

JjVjZTM1MzJhYjAyNjY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKyxy8ei

0e06a0593c26bdfd227a0b102c8246f5

ef7c5b256c4dfa40320b5016d54650ea

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKyxk7mi

b897b2b97b6b24d26d743c851bdae3f8

 f944e10ec1ce19371f6f228731f98f83cf67e3ec

看到他们画的再想想我的c601ff4eb10a4ca12223c2aae5da06c0c2c34c33

让我赶紧吃个热狗压压惊MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKy8zrWi

JjVjZTM1MzJhYjAyZDg=

XjVjZTM1MzJhYjAyZTU=

JDVjZTM1MzJhYjAyZmM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deKy9zr2i

我们继续欣赏下人体CAD画的平面图 b77c27c89acf05ad343999b2be758138

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deK2wtc-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mrF3hKy9oqGi

IzVjZTM1MzJhYjAzNDg=

21a40cdd183f82181e719872a6e99bd3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deK2xuK2i

3bcce325d6066d587f58e0a656c64734

QDVjZTM1MzJhYjAzODA=

eb659d5de09ee4f444fd6e23d9a1b54c

eec47610b224eecefdda4a06bd3cff20a5bc97fe

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mrF3hGi9yKGi

a67043b572991e1843c1f98009f2b24e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deK28zrWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deK28k6mi

78ed5ba4c6f4de25911d04eb9317190a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deK29tcui

d5acf92978772befb34ac877cd84d272deac5f2a

ITVjZTM1MzJhYjA0MTA=

(图片来源网络)56bb22461347b8ca0def2c499e6334c7b6f8b552

fd0f007d28a0dc98ff6c67869e47e648825c9aa9

建筑设计我们已经说的够多efae570f3d9cb846138afdfd31090222bc2d5289

下面我们再来聊聊平面的事情c67eada60b385e8ecd25b58a4e659ae859807a64

 海报MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGOxqKmi

4dde87e34a8d684145ccf6b43e3740d1

在那个时候打印机可没现在智能c4c19f80dc2bac9a1c7d2409ec905b6498e77135

你只要电脑编辑好了按下打印XjVjZTM1MzJhYjA0ODA=

嗡嗡嗡5ec410d08ebca5516f76d2d73f28fe2af9dc8563

一张海报就出来c0bb78c03157d38f1d86e87f86015b3ae330cbd4

 这是那时候的打印机21153210297354ee27605ee6e4a8d178

(确切的说打字机)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGO8uLWi

JTVjZTM1MzJhYjA0YzU=

2e4d8f4163c830e1730e255670a968e8

8ec5c0b6c3c9c3e196345be1bb51f34f3c73e5ed

41a35a7d9a7ff16c8474275eb7b96c95

XjVjZTM1MzJhYjA1MDA=

就像字面的意思KjVjZTM1MzJhYjA1MTA=

它真的只能打字b2daedbd40b1ca146575a83b17d6f222332ac9cb

所以不管是杂志还是报纸上的海报MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGSwy7Gi

都是那时候的平面设计师画出来的6252a5fd3c35eaf24eb4a9ed9167850750b48ee4

像这样的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGSxpaWi

56e85697fcac2f22aa7358fe3d95817c5eec16cb

443209ecf0e7311a43a96364c3eb63e3

6cf443d43882705e0e065231929f5efdaabc89c4

0973db253a3d1fb33a801b1000b29708

1b93e7177a47433795be0adea86b516eff7345d8

JTVjZTM1MzJhYjA1YWI=

0d19d702cc066ec7a03a96646bf0e60b

NWNlMzUzMmFiMDVjOA==

49faf24b4f6655bf2a8f7e0bd473b724e22bde51

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGS9qK2i

c2147ae1d6e42752b2a7735f35f1de68

5c05578c471bc60d642ebec08960a099ccf20dcd

JjVjZTM1MzJhYjA2MTE=

  MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGWwtbGi

那时候的平面设计师KjVjZTM1MzJhYjA2MmI=

首先你得会画画MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGWwzrWi

可不像现在JTVjZTM1MzJhYjA2NDg=

会用psKjVjZTM1MzJhYjA2NTU=

就能b6da6ef167d5656967503b9eaf8ae523d104fe84

当美工MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGWxy7Wi

为了给大家1677f8cd486cd91735e05fa2e220d4f849a2476f

详细的描述下MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGWypa2i

那时候的平面流程MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGWyqL2i

象君特地找到了一个视频KjVjZTM1MzJhYjA2YTc=

一位年近7旬的平面设计师JjVjZTM1MzJhYjA2YjQ=

还原了他年轻时候做杂志的流程09ed595056bea3211bbd8168ead5f935

 这是他要复刻的杂志海报JDVjZTM1MzJhYjA2ZDI=

6786fc7706b1bfa26d89059196a73b8dfa852b52

e9144ad96c10c1f64a5b1f7b0aa5c552

JjVjZTM1MzJhYjA3MDY=

943c222ebb22a6cf7a6376efd4dd63e7

QDVjZTM1MzJhYjA3MjA=

首先他需要准备好海报上所用到的照片MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mrF3mqyxsqGi

还有准备使用的文案9480f279875e96f1c38ac0cb7ee6676d

事先用打字机出来MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGaxpaWi

剪裁成自己需要的大小 QDVjZTM1MzJhYjA3NTg=

c0fb5e95480ef5f6c37939c1cbab3814

QDVjZTM1MzJhYjA3NzU=

KjVjZTM1MzJhYjA3ODI=

604b75b78098b3b29c86c2787eaa3955

78abc1ad34ae85a911a14353e8238f04

会用到的工具主要有ITVjZTM1MzJhYjA3YWQ=

刻刀、三角板、丁字尺、各种拓印板JDVjZTM1MzJhYjA3YmE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGa8zrGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGa828-i

2aac1d6577049b7cee70dd54f66d75b3

XjVjZTM1MzJhYjA3ZWI=

a83668ed25e7db2fb3c13d084e273ce5f1fcc7b3

他需要先在白纸上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGa9y72i

定下海报的尺寸54bf768275fa25902b9a6c4baa2f0362

然后用胶水把照片固定在自己想要的位置0829c19c6639ecc4d7e1d8d2de6c0970

(那个黑白的是照片!那时候海报是真的照片贴上去的)d38fcdc2f9fa9d47872482de794b22ee6f771eb0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGewzrmi

1dedfc9b68531ece142f416a70a5ab154aa14935

b3b977cd712a809b2f13e6b03dc8aa48b9fcab8b

JDVjZTM1MzJhYjA4NjI=

 接着把想要的文案啊元素啊之类的a9f342f2ad35a0e1a7133f0db01f5b7b

就像做拼贴画一样拼成自己需要的板式f79bc9c994d79a6e6ca9d09a1445ce4c

(其实就是PS的图层嘛)JDVjZTM1MzJhYjA4OTQ=

3bd384bc90973489d2e811847ee986a2

IzVjZTM1MzJhYjA4YWU=

799faa3fb72b92e0cf4c990f075c424c7bc15340

IzVjZTM1MzJhYjA4ZDM=

IzVjZTM1MzJhYjA4ZTM=

dcc07587722016407ebd6c24b9b3ddc64d310072

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGe9y72i

 当然在这里的截图b54f40776183aed1a3dc197ac2e2664767e5f79f

展现出来的是已经打印好的字79519b836f857d7195cdea448aeb6bf6b16cb353

然而在那个年代1fdd8c6dac6d00ae98f521c4d4caa655

设计师必须非常了解字体QDVjZTM1MzJhYjA5Mzk=

先用手稿写下那些字并且标注字体2a156b96546523aba31110ad0125f35e

寄给印刷厂NWNlMzUzMmFiMDk1Nw==

然后和印刷厂的印刷师傅沟通NWNlMzUzMmFiMDk2OA==

告诉他们自己需要的字体型号f3e078d6499dc194b78225c4ae09e8c89db863e3

包括大小、粗细等等MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGix28ui

再由印刷厂做出字体小样邮寄过来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGiypbmi

设计师再进行剪裁到自己实际需要的尺寸MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGiyta2i

这个过程需要大概24小时!!7eac7443b817e892e230ace30df06ddbf9792f69

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGi8uLWi

98921c3645aa70f862e92b38f98759515d32e36a

b6ae71345beb0cfd04581a0b605e0fe869c51695

489fa686f5bcd809a50ef89671f1f211

 如果字体的间距不合适1539ad7fa3ff7bb42396e3339f51d67dd36f1172

还需要用小刀切开............MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deGi9y8ei

一点点手动调整字间距(word妈耶)0205d81298b170df7c3ad70aa0c49ddb

 而当排好版之后JDVjZTM1MzJhYjBhMjM=

甲方和你的艺术总监觉得OK之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZuwy72i

但是发现照片上有瑕疵2cb24f919bb17d1c0310b1c6e9c5aded0392ff45

(前方高能)67daf220737865c3a256599142eb7d7a256b2e09

设计师需要联系照相师KjVjZTM1MzJhYjBhNWM=

用上图的小喷来修复照片JDVjZTM1MzJhYjBhNjk=

纯手动PS!!!91f11ae0d2e4ecd62b8c60b54560d0cc4ed8a588

 而最终这些都没有瑕疵之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZux28ui

就需要添加一些框架规则c99cca52a3db9b51b2e4732f7ad37744

比如下划线之类a9989599b8ee007322fac2992559124eb9dbfb6f

(这里就出现了一个神器)b88fb54603cd07ddffc17e09d69b379d

IzVjZTM1MzJhYjBhYjM=

4b9ee8fdc236584ee60abef8736e6acce9d932e6

a0c36374f81a33c58644129dfd52d7ba

4dfdab9ab1e5c1c7fc1bf6c2e059b1c118179527

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZu9tcui

ITVjZTM1MzJhYjBiMDA=

JTVjZTM1MzJhYjBiMGQ=

f336fcaa87921da1acdb5aa23e5ed251386b1f49

找到你想要的线或者你要的字体MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZywuLGi

用一种专用的笔将这个神器垫在纸上8b02b6dfa3016f1585db6e76668a40cf

一点点均匀的擦XjVjZTM1MzJhYjBiNTA=

最终他就像打印一样印在了纸上ee3229d9fb57586979e88721b18eaa43

1fb30719fc8e4ee082347615bc31ae6b12b439c1

b8af7a25391fb8e712340794a28241a4cf55748a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZyxk7Gi

7d23a58a0fd81d675561c311a5e24b2b

 (PS只需要按住shift拉线完事儿= =)JjVjZTM1MzJhYjBiYTg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZy8uKmi

而如果客户还有其他要求a85d6e232d44ed51c93aad4153b8d0b2

例如需要加一些没有现成的修饰的线MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZy827Wi

则需要你用刻刀和图形板现场制作JjVjZTM1MzJhYjBiZTA=

(过程很繁琐MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deaCx27Gi,这里就不啰嗦)d3609b9dc79a925d44956830575d3ffd86080c77

最终我们得到一张MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mrF6gaCwyKGi

这样的母版dcdb46f214982b2d60ba5083fed89c6e

而这个母版是没有复制的5084bd70037c9523a444ad1f0d384060

设计师把这个母版寄给印刷厂进行印刷MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZ2wuKmi

如果途中遇到不可抗力MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZ2wzq2i

刮风下雨啊之类天气影响bbd952f46afe72f63b5b1a6ffc483550

导致了母版的损坏f1a5b0dec31584c30cc7014c30b865a889366eac

那么一切又得从头开始JDVjZTM1MzJhYjBjNjQ=

748ad3988d44039b7a77f1a82e34d7e5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZ2x27Gi

JDVjZTM1MzJhYjBjOTU=

bbfeda33b42299c7ca17c3cc379abf9f

 (这个视频来自youtbe 《Before there was Photoshop | graphic design tools | Photoshop 25th anniversary》如果你感兴趣可以自行搜索观看)44388244151a2eafceeadaaadade732f

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZ28y62i

最后d73165dd2707adca67842b705ffbc2edf230ad8a

来欣赏下那个年代的平面作品320adde98b76680c15dd81a40bcdc4dc

e3b012d2967fe93052712194e1b4a426be0290cc

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZ29y7Gi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZ29zr2i

d096760ba66509ea0ca8a99bc0eb906c02481e49

10cb7636bcfd21ad6ee04dd1348df159ba28438e

电影《终结者》的海报NWNlMzUzMmFiMGQzNg==

3c69b3d6e486c59791500d1c1bef7946

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZ6xpc-i

KjVjZTM1MzJhYjBkNjQ=

d4bddf76db8653ae2fac7a6af91835ac

438af542f831bf0c7dee95d8e04159457ee036f7

《超女》、《dollman》海报NWNlMzUzMmFiMGQ5NA==

f562bc140f77e5bcfce32ef8784eb28be051decc

614c72b8fca9e7bdc623a1d836d0e66440b9e288

QDVjZTM1MzJhYjBkYmU=

c1004eb35ff1f94c6da17f074c83158b

(图片来源网络) MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mrF6iZ6woqGi

QDVjZTM1MzJhYjBkZTg=

那时候的设计全靠一双手2115162520ec16e9c4f5a6e4c5956a196efa4a3b

是一项耗费大量体力和时间劳动的成果MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mrF6iaC9oqGi

向那些出生在那个时代的前辈们致敬013d66fa54f620990c704e75cfe8d82fd6984b45

 现在时代不同了53f3853790085d52e36c6b934f02816b

出现许多智能化的工具JTVjZTM1MzJhYjBlMzc=

使用他们可以大大提高工作效率KjVjZTM1MzJhYjBlNDQ=

更有AI鹿班在瞬间完成大量基础工作9e466ec5649e711ddc3b050c3211ad09

但象君坚信设计师是无法取代的8baf096fdd9691bd244edc74e752c19b

好的作品在于我们的想法96e19836482e2b3d54ea330a639c04aff7fa2670

提升设计水平才是关键2ee74b4a7e9c859b245342535ce6e14d30663229

QDVjZTM1MzJhYjBlOGM=

 没有电脑我们依然可以做设计ec36b49c7555cdb9824c2d0abb182b5a

d4274f98247fe3d6f0c37d3c5aef0ff5b6ec0e99

愿越来越多的人了解设计的过程MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LjegaN4mrF6jZyyoqGi

少一些对设计师的误解9094418b290fa3b8c375734691d432d194cb17c7

善待这个职业e615c31e52d2c1328f122250873bf5dc29a69655

peace&loveKjVjZTM1MzJhYjBlZTc=

 - END -MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deZ-9tc-i

236289ae09575eb3696fba48d55575a4

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCVgbB8mb2deaCwqLGi

ce3f24cd0e7533e58682b87f94b8a502

54929c0eeab196147f82c00dfacad1f8

abdb73545071c7a101df21455fc3f28a

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