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如果现在还没有电脑,设计师们怎么做设计?

 AYO wass up786c0b3307ba6944b1989235f077b8f9d2a3c145,我是象君d0bdee0b6eb748947cdcc392207937fe

说到要当设计师2b967397ae75ffff4f9c0acb959b9428,我们想到的一定是↓f9f9930a73b227d30745101e0014b4ca8e6d61c8

IzVjNmVkMTNkZWVjN2U=

48806f79c1280bbba0510b0d035692afb0fb3a53

f19f2cd105b25db6705b5872d9267b03

 (设计师必要掌握软件系列)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KjZ2yuLWi

 e04dc75d7f6662621a3742191dbf94f7

以及这样的内心独白b4a5c5229226a416cc1cf4650a3b4e2e87e7ec4a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiEnb6KhZ6xsqGi

45b933e634551fc2ebf87fc24b3c458c

6ffb1203a612c0e517711e825ab1b955

 软件提升了设计效率KjVjNmVkMTNkZWYwODI=

所以才会有一天改十几遍的甲方MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KkKqypbmi

软件上手容易MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KkKqytbmi

才有了如今半路出家的“设计师”JTVjNmVkMTNkZWYxMGY=

62639cd1cc3a41c4bc9fc545b00c4317c47490e0

软件能力逐渐成为了设计师们竞争的资本fbdd1aabdfa1740ac9c24969cd4a2d95

而如今人工智能 鹿班 横空出世MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KkKuwzq2i

195e014b8924106904761a7f7c07d9f1

1067a587f2de1f09e8dd039865e8d9e6

62e7ee58f9f2bec3570106c66f185c4275241cb4

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KkKu9qLWi

656929575cda98f1faf17380944050d1f0abce9d

在央视节目里狂虐从业12年资深设计师MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KkKyxuKmi

它可以一秒生成8000张不同海报IzVjNmVkMTNkZWYyZTk=

一时间NWM2ZWQxM2RlZjVkMw==

设计师们都在问自己的饭碗还端得住吗?f68459c07b719fc3c9cfbae92df72d64

答案一定是AI不可能替代设计师958338154a84836fd1194e832f81d8250435e10f

因为不管是AI鹿班还是软件MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KkGWwqLWi

他们都是程序编写的ae0e0f3b7a3eaf6002587f9796e8f68d

而一旦程序出错a89df182a4db882e081868ba0291999e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KkGawy8-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KkGaw272i

KjVjNmVkMTNkZWY3NGQ=

ummm.......MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KkGa8y8-i

8181d98c9c8466f076569387464cb5243e5b3102

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KkGa9qKmi

fce86573cb20e043be747f439f13b488c681a0d3

 如果客户和鹿班说我要五彩斑斓的黑45b4a4d3a97e9422cd4bd088070aecffbf3c87ae

可能鹿班就直接当机自闭了8ebbcb30ba67d3bec25f2592e51f31044e90789a

53184826563484c0e4378328ce443b6aa203eb0b

和客户沟通是设计之中必不可缺的一环7ebae2fd36b21d479bdee690d0839c942f28f38a

这是软件和AI不可替代的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6KkGiwqKmi

在沟通中画图快速表明自己的意图86485c871a66484578b2d21cec545196fb8a9ec4

是设计师的基本技能JjVjNmVkMTNkZjFiNDI=

只要这个技能在MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZyxpbmi

3a20fec847e6d9e5f791e21bfd3bfa24f67d0095

即使有一天全世界都停电了e32ac1ac77bcf7825faf6fe7675af75943b0c1eb

我们依然可以设计!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZyx28ei

a90a4d6e8f8540b48f5dd7cc61118d915150efc9

毕竟 画图 这个技能JTVjNmVkMTNkZjFiOWE=

可是我们前辈们传承下来的手艺活!MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZyyuK2i

不信?那就看看前辈们的作品JjVjNmVkMTNkZjFiYmQ=

 2ea1d0ecc3a262b768e8529a8e2afe0f4b867de0

b8199f15dbfe73851737e21e61dc3a61

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZy9pcui

JDVjNmVkMTNkZjFiZjc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZy9y8-i

而这个设计图就是JTVjNmVkMTNkZjFjMTI=

位于苏格兰格拉斯哥的米切尔公共图书馆94f04b1193aa391d2ee94669cf753726

XjVjNmVkMTNkZjFjMmY=

89d42e0f57e6016b52600d63f44b27ce67725b5a

6b7238bd37aaf2f8f4ab28b2c533c7eb549a6972

XjVjNmVkMTNkZjFjNWM=

NWM2ZWQxM2RmMWM2Yg==

6bae4db8c5424004351e512e61155501d80a3558

ITVjNmVkMTNkZjFjODQ=

46d9c1860d3915ecdb8818cadab81d04b972dee8

这效果图有没有看呆了?8f64f8e190cbb595bd0998d7b55d931b93c70ed6

在上世纪70年代可没有电脑更别提软件了JDVjNmVkMTNkZjFjYTk=

这些都是纯手工绘制JTVjNmVkMTNkZjFjYjU=

 不会手绘的设计师d8d6e7f4566589fefeea020c28f49e09d3a8256c

都是假设计师!!!6caf4e6fc6c543cac7d43855d4158dca4bc29a3e

 在电脑还没有办法服务于设计的时候7ba1a6138d711a655a73d9c068bd2986

在还没有Adobe之类软件公司的时候ffddb6c4ec0e638140277f8b1578cdf57327a859

那时候的设计师们的工具得铺满一桌面 3fbc4dabf0ea62028d3abc14534619bec13af838

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ29y7Gi

IzVjNmVkMTNkZjFkMGE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ6wqLGi

(图片来源网络)08602baee06b0c9aed99233f41125143

752109fa2a8c14394858a7eb314b9e65

象君能叫出名字的只有圆规、尺子还有圆规和尺子.......533a2130ba08b82aa32a277046ad65678898ba81

咳咳whatever不重要7a7a0d283b1d523ee2d60f81b1a36af0

那个年代的平面图、效果图、剖面图等等25ae460fa8594c6fb8dc2c84467da1e7

都是用这些工具一点点绘制出来的cdef248da1efb7c7f376ed146fd81c863992b089

这手上没点功夫还真干不了这个事情MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ6x27Gi

 JTVjNmVkMTNkZjFkODk=

那时候的工作室或许称之为工厂更加合适 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ6yqK2i

JTVjNmVkMTNkZjFkYTE=

ITVjNmVkMTNkZjFkYWQ=

03915f79e44ab1f1fbcfc131597dd2d9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ6826mi

NWM2ZWQxM2RmMWRkZQ==

c124ed3112b5e9fb00bd2215672c475e60644bb2

d6edd1534adf2dfe9acaf65a51dd6ef3

352ff12b1b6b54cbdfad276a39d577f3a57f7e7b

XjVjNmVkMTNkZjFlMTg=

  一个大大的车间里面放满了制图桌MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiEnrGKjKu82KGi

“沙沙”声不绝于耳94df00cf463de3a23dc772c6d1f918af

设计师们浑身上下都透露着专注57ef5231d59883f9ee11e99ab94bf5bcb40c053a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ-xpbWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ-xtbWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ-xy6Wi

IzVjNmVkMTNkZjFlN2E=

JjVjNmVkMTNkZjFlODY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ-ypcui

d0564d1b8df09efd94b27f3b0baad39b

2dc5f60dd8e1de936495d510a56b5a43882676d1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ-8y62i

他们有的一边讨论修改方案b4f5c3e72b97e6cb89e0f9821b420c18207f5169

有的拿着各种工具反复确定尺寸MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ-8k62i

一些小型的工作室用了一切能利用的空间775f638c3de01a86f5491aa9b3fd1cdd86424ae3

就为了放下大大的制图桌 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfZ-9tbGi

bb46893fc737d7c99acaef39c5300e35834f9a71

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfaCwpami

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dfaCwtaWi

JjVjNmVkMTNkZjFmMjg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiEnrGKkKy9oqGi

JDVjNmVkMTNkZjFmNDY=

3c111c70c47e80fd6c86e1c28e943851ed2a0ba5

 相较于现在d615f1ae78c0f0de9dc59ccae74c5764

我们坐在电脑桌前不断点击鼠标3d49acf13520ff73b6f3c41988537fe1

手在键盘上飞速的敲击着快捷键1868b723ed2edbfa66109357ceb939fed8ee8ded

那时候的设计师在做的事情更像是体力劳动ed91ea507b2f6056c80dfe8165b19975

如果图纸比较小MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZuwqK2i

设计师的还可以保持正常的坐姿JjVjNmVkMTNkZjJhMzY=

那万一碰到了工程量超级大的项目189bfc77b9533a24efa093c0998a022e

例如一整个街区又或者是大型公园JDVjNmVkMTNkZjJhNTg=

这时候他们就没有办法保持正常的姿势了 0bd74ab443b801830f534d80017e25f7396bf97f

IzVjNmVkMTNkZjJhNzA=

a95253e9e7a2767988d21b53204b630ef4aad7c4

84a8b80153339a0a25927a4234153298

KjVjNmVkMTNkZjJhOWM=

JjVjNmVkMTNkZjJhYTg=

这工程量可真是让人脱发488f23a8a91785a4a57f007f526e67489c3d05ce

如此大的图纸2efb460f7b86123e68f8d9476d6266c3

要保证每一根线条的精确de49d16145dfff2ed96464ac62e0b3cca15acb4b

保证图纸的误差要精确到小数点95ec869769fd0ea3b65c2381b67e2c76c30dc611

所有的线条都需要用各种工具测量MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZu9y8ei

寻找对照关系之后再进行标注2c85e476155494741b43f1c5dab94b30

这样的事情放到现在的社会2f5d11e8f2e0faaf2e00c3aa00be8e85

非大毅力者大耐力者不可为之MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZywy62i

 QDVjNmVkMTNkZjJiM2I=

如果是我85f4e96171d6bff2a53c490c8d7e5279

JjVjNmVkMTNkZjJiNWU=

我还是选择让甲方让我修改十遍方案吧IzVjNmVkMTNkZjJiNmQ=

我可不是处女座!MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZyxzr2i

然而象君还发现有个有趣的现象7fe58072e6d76e1235f9f3bc0ecabbea3d34468e

那年代的设计师们他们的头发和图纸一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZyyqK2i

都是 一 丝 不 苟9034810c79478be01ed272b4182502cbf381b781

0d46b7bbdf577ce775a066b08d8d4775

JTVjNmVkMTNkZjJiYzI=

c24e45b54eaf763884ea1a53e639cf0a

f71bc45595dee73c4f00255ea3bf3c6ed986fb31

4105e7f7b647ce0e808b27fc11035eba

 和图纸一样严瑾 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZy9uK2i

fbebb60a934d5e3ddbe719746c93cbf9c6e3c2d1

f318670f8ca96c8eeb1139e234e7bfc44b8bb950

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiEnrGghKuxyKGi

JTVjNmVkMTNkZjJjMmM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZ2wzrmi

哪怕头疼发型也不可以乱49e17d49040971330d6ecd47863e8724

67a5f8e9f3b7f6f6fec903a31a065f45

11e9a3ccd54f48c7057fdec3b97ba518ab61dab5

71d3d5c62c81ac18235ec28d1e2f0e0a064ad265

d7883d8c8d5d1ed887db8abe69a930b0

 QDVjNmVkMTNkZjJjODA=

标志性的偏分 e43a505011f8486f11fe35a7b179dfd7015c9586

7807c6dbfa39cd5776e92a21c04f044e

JTVjNmVkMTNkZjJjYWE=

3b21b2639ea5ad97a582cdf12b2a3d65

f422a5c651ddcf3899264bf0767d7a94

cf36cb9f6d72519398d14dd4f766cc992f76731a

a82142fccf580f01aea389cd1658308daefe951c

47ad4f04728e658d1ccfd22789349b54

ITVjNmVkMTNkZjJkMTQ=

他们这种从骨子里带出来的严谨XjVjNmVkMTNkZjJkMjM=

才是完成这些精美的设计图的关键154a5d3a865590e8ab7027c6d05aa257

用现在话来说他们都是独具匠心的人KjVjNmVkMTNkZjJkM2I=

 看了这么久他们的工作的样子KjVjNmVkMTNkZjJkNDc=

没点作品怎么能征服你们挑剔的胃口7952b7b1f0eea8d61ede3cbe94b36c2c

话不多说MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZ6xtbmi

上图d47e6e294ed5c72500b739f75dc43908

dea7481ae924dc9ebdb0a16b108b5233649dc9ab

005c4315c4bc9812e94e5d5b0fcc5091d04998e7

2adceac96f6f267a37d641d4d424acf4405c2ac5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZ6ytcei

c025046df8bfbf04dcda09effa7bdde9

所有的效果图不管是平面还是立体的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZ68y62i

都必须保证数据和线条的精确2b517765903b4b2bc674f0b81832ae1d08950cc1

10a05e6be6fba59d5266dd8bfdcd8b17

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZ69pb2i

7102a62f25a54e70615ce4494ad7373e

471907b3c3c8489c99177d0172220009b682354f

7c33e73ea3271ef1a54c0f669b30ddfaa087e5ec

这些严谨的线条会让强迫症患者极度舒适436b82aebc1fe522525017a34750cd84

KjVjNmVkMTNkZjJlMjM=

c01ccabb61ca81fdbb8837d1f30c324515b1b1d8

XjVjNmVkMTNkZjJlM2U=

aca41bfa012ee3bf1466705fed2436ba9e58fc10

b67c608eb2b164be65e0df68ca52c876

CAD里有各种工具和参数算法MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZ-xuLmi

来保证施工图的准确性ITVjNmVkMTNkZjJlNzU=

而在那时候只能靠反复的测量和计算KjVjNmVkMTNkZjJlODE=

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15f397309f83babab9e1f042858f9e2dbe5c3cd4

8489e13ae398991c7512c8b7923b1197af0ae4de

374f1182bb0a86b7b755877e757f395ccd7b0f7c

76dda66ca1cdfbbb66f21dc07cba94cd

bbf1aec5771e22011fcd6f8073e942d2

d0f119a180414ce5bcf72a1692bf8814

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZ-9qKmi

楼梯立面还有结构细节MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgZ-9tb2i

全靠平时对实物的研究积累d769438a27d78c81d9f57f8bfb047316

每一个参数都是严格的计算得到的18db1a9cf44575fc98f82c64f868f73e

怪不得如今的建筑专业还要学习高数 ae6b0f8e4a53ad8c739fdabea24a647b

JTVjNmVkMTNkZjJmMjU=

fb359eb8b5034927d89c0bf67fbbef51

8fde6473ba042f4ad55457dd2d5f721e

QDVjNmVkMTNkZjJmNTY=

838577c9836ebb528514cb47dc5dee32

2655facaf3855434f72730f840a1bdf2830b1819

XjVjNmVkMTNkZjJmN2I=

dc4eebb1d610c1a00ab5a8fa12160e8a

JjVjNmVkMTNkZjJmOTM=

NWM2ZWQxM2RmMmZhMg==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgaC8tbWi

从这些罗马柱的图纸来看907e613c75471d7aa33ef5cb261c50e2

这些前辈对罗马柱的研究MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgaC826Wi

甚至可以出一本书a26d2c4571657c8fb219dcd7acc5cd96b944bd1b

4312f1ab059997a62c82ab5c9d820d60

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgaC9tcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dgaC9y7Wi

JDVjNmVkMTNkZjMwMGE=

1d1e96b7aa355d0f16869a31e1aac123

c40c5d25bcf658619f75e5259f4338bc231f80c6

JjVjNmVkMTNkZjMwMzI=

45b50da613188bdb9e0f79b67cd6a5d8ec6ab88d

935fedf7ef8abfc1d501883834b13e9cf067f89e

10a4092b98040be0d722cafb31973261

85db066777c68178beacc2027b3ef99f

e48aecbbbc7cf5391c453d8f4989c7ff003fedf5

JjVjNmVkMTNkZjMwODE=

02d8d500183d5ef28d18657136af5a2afa807c99

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhKqyta2i

对细节以及结构的研究JDVjNmVkMTNkZjMwYTk=

可以说是细致入微f09abb748d47d543c16ef961eeae7305

 4cb5dcbd2744f9ec4f30d0b4ffe2a87d

e64a26e211461e38677bb7dd963f774c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhKq9pbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhKq9taWi

95469fbeaaa11f9ff5a1df421997b42e

ITVjNmVkMTNkZjMxMDY=

a7a53e0874b68ffe769e203f67860b5e

JDVjNmVkMTNkZjMxMWQ=

KjVjNmVkMTNkZjMxMjk=

dde504de0642170bf9e9538973fa1eeeb4085226

a9a8db9c0d9684f8c7c3021a15dd2b04

ITVjNmVkMTNkZjMxNTE=

JDVjNmVkMTNkZjMxNWQ=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhKuxuLmi

看到他们画的再想想我的JTVjNmVkMTNkZjMxNzU=

让我赶紧吃个热狗压压惊ITVjNmVkMTNkZjMxODE=

1b9e8bfa275cbdf45f16b6de7d73a39a

JTVjNmVkMTNkZjMxOTk=

dbb089a2cfd842c408727510d4cbbe43a945f67c

QDVjNmVkMTNkZjMxYjQ=

我们继续欣赏下人体CAD画的平面图 d74002e613f717af23d0c6903f7f07cc482a1f50

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhKu8262i

7eb6e064633b92ca0529e7226e91bab8

6c21e683fd173c9f561db81bc4aedc5e

5309f4645d3108da809a1f92c9b0d964a0fd1b12

604b837e841b0958c5438217a7cc1a817560c7d5

a14f97c98fb5e58f9b75a41733837287

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhKywqLWi

4c212ef19ab8114504c3543668840bc6

443730a3809f1ea7eb6db83df0fd397a4f1af036

NWM2ZWQxM2RmMzI0MQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhKyxpbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhKyxqL2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhKyxuK2i

JDVjNmVkMTNkZjMyNzI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiEnrGtgGaxyKGi

5303cf7843ff492c5e4de9aa3dc79402616bce3c

JTVjNmVkMTNkZjMyOWI=

(图片来源网络)JTVjNmVkMTNkZjMyYTg=

8cc2e4f23e586cbeff3013ed183f96b5

建筑设计我们已经说的够多ad89a1cac27e650690a49e2ce181ec60

下面我们再来聊聊平面的事情26500d730af74054d2fb7cb6be2d3392

 海报ad9979a0060e7bf322841ee8533edf72

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiEnrGtgZ-yoqGi

在那个时候打印机可没现在智能JDVjNmVkMTNkZjMzMDI=

你只要电脑编辑好了按下打印JTVjNmVkMTNkZjMzMGU=

嗡嗡嗡5b0bcb686944919ef93be0cc138b9730b8db0b02

一张海报就出来f876dcc45311877edc95fa65a384fa02

 这是那时候的打印机MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhK2w27Gi

(确切的说打字机)763ed8f58d53d0fa23390a9188df3ca38c4dac13

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhK2xqLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhK2xuK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhK2xy8ei

649b407ca4ac4a7f7499f0141090540e1fc07291

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhK2xk72i

就像字面的意思433b928fc5a960c36c78b5b77a50057997c71a8a

它真的只能打字88c04b090896189b70b1bf26464fa2f40332918b

所以不管是杂志还是报纸上的海报ad1f90794e357c74ac455c35ac1905b1

都是那时候的平面设计师画出来的JTVjNmVkMTNkZjMzYmQ=

像这样的a473b8558d712aa5108bcfc2670de15b

b78f992373543c3e563cd76c1bf75cf7

QDVjNmVkMTNkZjMzZTU=

7feb385ad46966bd5de70f619126b05a8b41c5bb

e01d872a92d6aa47f531e899e5edec6a

154896d390b42a72ecbf5622538ca19c

af4ebada827d33dcc57d8218221db060

b6cbb1ac55342a3c0f8146b0f319c56ccedd3ac5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhGOwy7Gi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhGOwzr2i

0a84aae2fa30554185108d38d38d295a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhGOxqKmi

JDVjNmVkMTNkZjM0Njc=

1abc451ff4a3a0ed545a6e864003fa3339d73b6d

  823db9db2eb4bd5a1cfe92d6cd181a95

那时候的平面设计师MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhGOypcui

首先你得会画画MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nPgYqAnL6dhGOytbWi

可不像现在ITVjNmVkMTNlMDA4MTA=

会用psa5230461b8d81636eaf24a4a0aa5c8e1

就能1d98bb06a05aae3f883b4d98a05cfeac

当美工7b444d0149e80386f94f798029b63898

为了给大家ff2617ad6a6165cd27ed89c71dfe9659aabcf224

详细的描述下MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eGeypb2i

那时候的平面流程ITVjNmVkMTNlMDA4YWM=

象君特地找到了一个视频KjVjNmVkMTNlMDA4YmU=

一位年近7旬的平面设计师76041581f6f23afba5854914ead1777b712b8efb

还原了他年轻时候做杂志的流程b17e61698ac08ca6f5796ae6ec9e3815b04c467d

 这是他要复刻的杂志海报IzVjNmVkMTNlMDA4Zjc=

XjVjNmVkMTNlMDA5MGU=

b6c305e984caaec4fa94af5fed609a642b8f6840

d3cca2989cec94a79bfd5bd4ce3554dd199bb73b

cc4b4f528c209f390861696607e60466

2409a1669887c0c0076f0fb50443ec05

首先他需要准备好海报上所用到的照片MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eGixtbGi

还有准备使用的文案e47b2c12eeec756feeae7322e4c4a235b00c7907

事先用打字机出来MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiHqLF3oma8yKGi

剪裁成自己需要的大小 00d246f955be12bb8df763d65e25055738cc0d92

XjVjNmVkMTNlMDA5YWI=

a425539896f67be98190ec6c63aa3c2265bba826

9d4c7917c38afdf2bcb42d2c6bdc79d0

NWM2ZWQxM2UwMDllYg==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eGi9uL2i

会用到的工具主要有288b314ed22b9af0c6ee821e9807b78c8c6a3847

刻刀、三角板、丁字尺、各种拓印板f130baf1c7b3068d1ea452eb018c5f35

b9a5cd2890fcad531e67fd7bb7777c55

168fd0c8b3c4cf3601f1855588b54cc15567975e

4e8e83b7c7fcd414f9e1570d087f1c02

5502ad3d89be15881d76f1c91b73f228

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eZuyta2i

他需要先在白纸上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eZu8uKmi

定下海报的尺寸22a5a6a188fd773ddaf32e6607366b13

然后用胶水把照片固定在自己想要的位置NWM2ZWQxM2UwMGFlNA==

(那个黑白的是照片!那时候海报是真的照片贴上去的)MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiHqLF6fZ-9oqGi

d53b1c35ee99721a2a810b5af45dd294bfb04eae

6a0dc86cfd5b66d830f206898ac5a60612df60f5

7eaf5f5a64f48e4464c8ea37e22aad00

JjVjNmVkMTNlMDBiM2Q=

 接着把想要的文案啊元素啊之类的105ce71a9ddc6a9f482340e00e0e7a0c

就像做拼贴画一样拼成自己需要的板式MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eZyxqL2i

(其实就是PS的图层嘛)IzVjNmVkMTNlMDBiNmU=

50cdfef5480495fde4286ccef86d4f650675d871

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eZyypa2i

705a606bc87594dc9b75dfefc2dec59a

348572d9636d3ba9181c98ca532bebf4

IzVjNmVkMTNlMDBiYzc=

82c5c093e2171317db03dd9a36dad295

0738e87f00500f06df5d52badcd97429

 当然在这里的截图1eb65209f69f930deb15be0d3fd76f2e6d0a41fd

展现出来的是已经打印好的字JTVjNmVkMTNlMDBjMGQ=

然而在那个年代50378355fe1964dd75c1e406813c1993d05a85c6

设计师必须非常了解字体NWM2ZWQxM2UwMGMzYw==

先用手稿写下那些字并且标注字体NWM2ZWQxM2UwMGM1MA==

寄给印刷厂ded78c9ffa2f539ab8e4e75f884c3526b9cf8bae

然后和印刷厂的印刷师傅沟通JjVjNmVkMTNlMDBjNzU=

告诉他们自己需要的字体型号0da4afa810ef2fd2f5c6c06ad1529559ef5c2217

包括大小、粗细等等JjVjNmVkMTNlMDBjOTg=

再由印刷厂做出字体小样邮寄过来60c9cb2c714ad8b43c3861777543ae63633ea97b

设计师再进行剪裁到自己实际需要的尺寸ITVjNmVkMTNlMDBjYzI=

这个过程需要大概24小时!!MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiHqLF6hZ28sqGi

IzVjNmVkMTNlMDBjZTU=

41997c25718452d9a237c03a928d18aa

dc30d115174793cc7ce7605433d1106e

8b51cdc350d97a6cbce88a1d18ee046bc10d4319

 如果字体的间距不合适MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiHqLF6iKyxyKGi

还需要用小刀切开............962e2787676e3752219d14d394d2d8976f1565ab

一点点手动调整字间距(word妈耶)MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiHqLF6iGSwsqGi

 而当排好版之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eZ6xy6mi

甲方和你的艺术总监觉得OK之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiHqLF6iGayoqGi

但是发现照片上有瑕疵QDVjNmVkMTNlMDBkYTU=

(前方高能)57796cb7c33dc893afccdd2be77710f2

设计师需要联系照相师2eadaec5c607a21caa362fedba4e84ed

用上图的小喷来修复照片19c79878ef6f318ed1e532efcf13dc638a11f7c5

纯手动PS!!!66641ce1ddf1a91b88e000ea3bad168b

 而最终这些都没有瑕疵之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eZ69y7Gi

就需要添加一些框架规则MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eZ-wpbWi

比如下划线之类8e808f7f8b5a654073aea82853809ca12b2ffd1f

(这里就出现了一个神器)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eZ-wy8-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eZ-wk6mi

bb8e0121e4e38a88e52b16751e5307f8

fa0858636ed8f96c5cd4a59d3c57ab7e

26931e54982d64de3ac4992b2b2d3ddd

88ce9e2a8ab5ed2893334877dab635b54474e514

c8637eea1ec2f7a6ba89b168d8acc05abb0f1ca6

ITVjNmVkMTNlMDBlYzY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eZ-8k6mi

找到你想要的线或者你要的字体0a297aba15c5db51b590e14bdeca4af4

用一种专用的笔将这个神器垫在纸上e4caeb613b6ced04ba3a545b7d7bf8d30ba893cd

一点点均匀的擦d788f625ec3c539ae4099af1c155d86a

最终他就像打印一样印在了纸上053f42f9fb45bad2346063f82613ad2a1bb1f47a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eaCwtcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eaCwy8ei

4557bd7c3060630c45d0d01f6510e33266d6e3b3

KjVjNmVkMTNlMDBmNWM=

 (PS只需要按住shift拉线完事儿= =)IzVjNmVkMTNlMDBmNmQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eaCx26mi

而如果客户还有其他要求MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eaCypami

例如需要加一些没有现成的修饰的线MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3eaCytami

则需要你用刻刀和图形板现场制作b9039af9b2d1fc1bb5fba29ca774abd9

(过程很繁琐MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3fK29taWi,这里就不啰嗦)2c0f985cfea3d98bddcab6040fa6363e4ad8ba85

最终我们得到一张IzVjNmVkMTNlMDBmZDY=

这样的母版JjVjNmVkMTNlMDBmZTY=

而这个母版是没有复制的JTVjNmVkMTNlMDBmZmQ=

设计师把这个母版寄给印刷厂进行印刷MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3fKqwpami

如果途中遇到不可抗力31fa7056193b67c2a5292796d66070958f028fdf

刮风下雨啊之类天气影响1cbc1f496cdd160396c76d1870b6392b

导致了母版的损坏ITVjNmVkMTNlMDEwNGI=

那么一切又得从头开始d7fc5eea9d3c1d9649f4fd95bc228244fb9afc16

JjVjNmVkMTNlMDEwNmY=

60b4bb43da52d95aee4976168448da5f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3fKqypb2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubTcgWiHqLGHeGi9yKGi

 (这个视频来自youtbe 《Before there was Photoshop | graphic design tools | Photoshop 25th anniversary》如果你感兴趣可以自行搜索观看)IzVjNmVkMTNlMDEwYmE=

 2295fa8e64e4866bd3bf1b38b6210145

最后6b31e24dc460c693b528a87aac5a851a

来欣赏下那个年代的平面作品IzVjNmVkMTNlMDEwZWQ=

e777fe78bb164da37ea31b15f3618a2e6ac332a5

291f7ecf9c323fa25e243149826822bf

7524ca567b40cbaa521ef3064745683515c25f27

058339a500a74251401c97798f5bbf9ec491870c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3fKuwzr2i

电影《终结者》的海报ITVjNmVkMTNlMDExNTA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3fKuxta2i

17a7218cda2d6dc1ab816552915da210

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3fKux27mi

JDVjNmVkMTNlMDExOGU=

ITVjNmVkMTNlMDExYTE=

《超女》、《dollman》海报MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3fKu8tbmi

a435c5dd598ac36602441e6c2dfadd60d39ecd67

0422c5ec0f220752c8be995983ace537

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3fKu9pc-i

6446604e36c98079b5e3c2f27886c9a647c624a4

(图片来源网络) XjVjNmVkMTNlMDEyMGM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3fKywqL2i

那时候的设计全靠一双手XjVjNmVkMTNlMDEyMjk=

是一项耗费大量体力和时间劳动的成果fb66d78ea143b341827d56424fc735d1

向那些出生在那个时代的前辈们致敬3edcc718c654fbd6803fcd0a40d48d08

 现在时代不同了06c13f6aee63fa6b09dbe265e08b3da9d2f6ba93

出现许多智能化的工具404a7ad33da31a93e27da62daeb09733ac8bd8d8

使用他们可以大大提高工作效率JDVjNmVkMTNlMDEyODE=

更有AI鹿班在瞬间完成大量基础工作b93f0ae51ca38bd3a80d12fc78e5ba9b9e06fa61

但象君坚信设计师是无法取代的033d9b70b31cc001fe92d7813e10535a

好的作品在于我们的想法JTVjNmVkMTNlMDEyYjE=

提升设计水平才是关键JTVjNmVkMTNlMDEyYzI=

c70ebd92a4fcae6f650cce1bc535ff58

 没有电脑我们依然可以做设计XjVjNmVkMTNlMDEyZTE=

08e9ef4a865e56f87c5eea634945060c

愿越来越多的人了解设计的过程6744e5760bb44c9b783dd5905ff506d8

少一些对设计师的误解fb4c84333a86c5bfa6263d84917617932627504a

善待这个职业bf07fcd573a3b5d704ea0444d7ee370b

peace&loveMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3fK2wy8ei

 - END -7c065db4764793f8e00c5df689e46b02

878d1f4194b776c21b4ec156114dcad4

b2306e3222375cf711633ef41db5c4cb45974f24

fd2c497cc7dea21746051a6b960cf543

97d2cf884e9f4a321189a8722a52221d4686af56

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nPgYqAnbF3fK2ypc-i

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