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为了一粒胡椒,欧洲人打了几百年仗

要说冬天最有仪式感的入冬庆典JjVjMTY2NmYwY2E0ZmE=,自然是囤货:ec799e072719d5fa8194b218a09b2c0ad2e62e7d

北方囤白菜JDVjMTY2NmYwY2E1MTg=,一半扔在室外MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGSwuK2i,随时取用039260b302c609fb5c8ca8a4c4eb823848589638,另一半洗干净MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGSxtbmi,放入调料做腌酸菜;南方则少不了做腊肠腊肉465e0a21b0653e3f2b257d76fc6c3b92,肥瘦均匀的五花肉加上各种香料b1836dce71873c6c3e3bc2f1d11d5f237ed1dca3,慢慢腌制JDVjMTY2NmYwY2E1YzA=,再晾晒风干JTVjMTY2NmYwY2E1ZDc=,是过年桌上最受欢迎的惊喜MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m72dfZ28yKGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgqOLqL2toq2yqLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgqOLqL2toq28tbmi

NWMxNjY2ZjBjOTNlMA==

5ec50e39d7bbe10f55fb51779cb4077a66ee38d6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgqOLqL2tomOwpbGi

▲北方腌酸菜VS南方熏腊肠QDVjMTY2NmYwYzk0M2E=

无论南北NWMxNjY2ZjBjYTVmNA==,想要延长食物的保质期8c06743fa5fb1eaf6bba7e56dfd470b193736567,腌制几乎是人们不约而同的选择b7b0273b6111bcd5d509e8c3ef3acd79112601e5,这一过程离不开香料aaaa768c15b8a4ca6227b05b6a04b02eedf7e7c5NWMxNjY2ZjBjOTQ1Nw==

517a16be6bcc30aeb494db20bba2c79d

4d21db82f79c50da31c0d92b0b03c9ae

“冷藏技术发明以前26a8cc4a59cf8441064373e0d243fe89,人们用盐和花椒粉腌渍肉类55ed08ed2c2fc86d683105dbb9b5a9bce7b26833,为其保鲜”JDVjMTY2NmYwY2IyMGY=。——《风味人间》JjVjMTY2NmYwYzk0YTU=

KjVjMTY2NmYwYzk0YmQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgqOLqL2tomO826Wi

QDVjMTY2NmYwYzk0ZWM=

▲花椒炮制的风干牦牛肉 | 图片来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m7OHiaCxoqGi

b500be6563e2c59f5e7bbe2f72431335

日常生活中XjVjMTY2NmYwY2E2N2Y=,香料在家里也是再普通不过的存在MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGWypa2i,炖肉时放上几颗MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGWyuKmi,收获一整锅的香气四溢97d18cfcf9b85192a7b5c6c6b3ce4d2fad0ab081c82d324e78fb3fbe382e8ec6

5410547557fc2fdd72eb756d3536d199163a597c

可要把时间往回倒几个世纪NWMxNjY2ZjBjYTZkMA==,情形却完全不同——f61a255de2116cb3cc1515458154095e

 part.157f0e57c88544c7199179ab4f00a8f26

 穿越回古代1c53d565194a1e2b3c744bab8e0527d8d5350a18,带上胡椒你就发达了 2da2ac77ab68d3c84864522832594f861f1f92f1

0bf64cbd5678b56f25b418851f44ff14

早期中国本土不能种植MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGW9zq2i,胡椒是价格高昂的奢侈品IzVjMTY2NmYwY2IyM2Y=。唐朝宰相元载被朝廷抄家时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGawtbGi,家中抄出胡椒八百石MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lgKyxpa2i。明朝万历后期c39c2ec95dffa91e45c7f780b1d9ceb7,一升胡椒大约要纹银六钱MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGaxpa2i,折合成现在价格将近600元6255acdd99a208f9140e9c99f8975019KjVjMTY2NmYwYzk1ZDY=

不仅是中国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGaxuKmi,在欧洲IzVjMTY2NmYwY2E3OGI=,很长一段时间6220a836e68e14f24d18b7c8220512a1a06209fc,胡椒也和黄金白银一样71d1553bb77b9afe5c8e734ee7def830f2b1fae9,是财富的象征7252bbbdecc8b0e60396b5cb4f0b0216,甚至价格还要高于金银QDVjMTY2NmYwY2IyOGI=。法国俗语里a10f1e9159fc6b7fad689ffb81cc75cfbe84b712,形容一件东西价值连城的方式就是“贵如胡椒”QDVjMTY2NmYwY2IyYmQ=406b3af22382ac012c7e68691c6fac839b51e140

 c1d611a84c2dd0ff535621a9c5ae1bce

cfdd5a39c17b1a8dbe9edd4e46193c14

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m7OHkKy8sqGi

60d136e59d13999adb3d826f67ba8144

▲图片来源:微博截图400dc26c3b7610301f319fa4b2e92da5777fea7b

老普林尼在《自然史》里列举了公元1世纪左右的香料价格:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgqOLqL2tomWx28ei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgqOLqL2tomWyqL2i

胡椒4古罗马便士一磅、白胡椒7便士一磅、生姜6便士一磅、肉桂从5到50便士不等、一磅不纯的桂皮油价格在35到300便士、纯的桂皮油最高可以到1500便士一磅710f8447ff30053110ede12f9cbad7cf。而当时一名士兵的年俸是225便士MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lgKy9qLmi39b0b990037534b345d5e59b91933973ba30414c

7a4d984f98874a9949260205138fb7d5

也就是说aed5a2c2557ce38e385290db8fe5d9f90fd7e90b,一磅上好的桂皮油价格差不多相当于一位百夫长6年的工钱8ff6c9cf4ca405ae57101aec4e8eec8e8ed83ddc48ffa6edcbf8c1af3b76cb40ec57481d

JjVjMTY2NmYwYzk3MGM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgqOLqL2tomawqL2i

d093db6ec915f7af81ce789dfd374589

▲古罗马时期胡椒价格高昂 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味实验室·一寸香料一寸金》JTVjMTY2NmYwYzk3NjI=

现在在饭店吃饭9aa6d8eb2301016510d8cd22f6572390,假如发现自己忘了带钱MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m72Hnq2woqGi,想要给老板几颗胡椒抵扣de7b17a34dc04b265ec78a887fd6fa26b9816495,估计会被饭店老板打得找不到北fe73d9f477d2b7835f9815c25a32839d665740f6。但在中世纪的欧洲b6772a0d6b7aad3c186fb0f969706575,则完全没有问题MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGexk7Gi,因为当时东方香料在市场上是可以当钱花的e47cbfbfb2c06c6950712b4e83feed63641e6cdd60daec5ce3f33b0040ec5a2b367f3d89

很多人的工钱就直接折算成定量的香料bb42f3bd4edee066eb6e9cc4ec78af97,香料还可以用来交税交租KjVjMTY2NmYwY2IzNWQ=JDVjMTY2NmYwYzk3OTk=

8cc2f289cec558093f5bf5c7966863b0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m7OHm5y9sqGi

9fe8b9e2a94ed446b507f05acf5610c133edc5a0

e3917762c4d2540642bdfd52befaa2d1

▲你敢相信?当时的造假是“往胡椒里掺银屑”64387d33bd54bfdb6e109186307ef65301001995

10世纪伦巴第王国的帕维亚是重要港口MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGe8y6Wi,政府对每名到来贸易的外国商人4f00ee4d491a9618eef69df713890cbe,征收的税金为胡椒、桂皮、高良姜、生姜各一磅fb55868b59aff364cdb29469b1a126a12ad32a2f9a3cf1e32a8c38381794176c417ce1ea

查理大帝时期af3594f7720d4fb7320c1a1d16ae19d4,热那亚的圣菲迪斯教堂曾以收取一磅胡椒为租金896a8eadd8ad7fcd429c4236370d9d97,1937年英王对康沃尔郡的郡长收取的租金包括一磅胡椒MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lgK2xk7WiQDVjMTY2NmYwYzk4ODc=

99ea66b467ee7f995a2424643b198202

胡椒作为象征性租金支付一直延续到上个世纪IzVjMTY2NmYwY2E5MzQ=,1976年纽约的一家教堂用279粒胡椒来象征偿还自英王威廉三世以来美国所欠的租金2d3751d4960d5db66af975f6f4a1ac3102fa58e8ee77ac1d5dda46d62fd911d412f952e0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgqOLqL2tome8k72i

c77c5eecacecca44a9c600d2f864e8e937f6df46

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgqOLqL2tome9zr2i

▲1976年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGiw28ei,英国女王访美MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGixtbWi,在纽约教堂里接受了279颗胡椒MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGiyqLmi,作为自英王威廉二世以来美国欠英国的租金4d7bfd3cc11b577053b183f31088bdeffaaf72fcc3fa99933d9122fdaed524c0e005419a

因为高昂的价格MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGi8uLWi,拥有香料渐渐成了身份的象征NWMxNjY2ZjBjYjNlNw==。丁香976ddbd1df46fc4128817e0804ae63de033cfae7,胡椒和肉豆蔻不再是简单的食物3cd01cdd95e7c6e8c892d0a1d3b5c064913f3fc4,它们顺利地与权力结合7d010d9a43997739d329f4377d1d23173dbceb4f601212ca78177d156595832f00c87a6f

3137c1eb4e74a182f2e8395e1df4af48

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgqOLqL2tomixuLWi

子爵阿德马三世宴请到访的公爵威廉九世时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGi9zrmi,发现橱柜中没有摆宴所需的胡椒d0212fbbbf3c21c178d069732e796d1cbf0a45b6,无奈只能派管家向邻近的贵族去借JjVjMTY2NmYwY2I0MWM=。贵族向管家炫耀了家里堆成山的胡椒IzVjMTY2NmYwY2FhNTA=,他甚至只能用大铁锹去铲7c5cb6b629e297d4184afb91c74b70d2ad3ad278。——《香料传奇 : 一部由诱惑衍生的历史》2aaa9f0117aa531676d1c81febfea801d631776c

据记载MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfZuxtbWi,14世纪初法国国王查理四世的遗孀珍妮的厨房中e60cf700b0b97ad0c1b2c7b9343c3e1949935e4e,有胡椒6磅、13.5磅桂皮、3.5磅丁香、1.25磅番红花、半磅长胡椒cb96776a39723a751ddf4cd18476750f,以及少量肉豆蔻皮和多达23.5磅生姜014d4bd4ed50ee46cda9f90407b76034。你瞧0a342f2be2d9749b421273d0b70d2c81b8de0db4,如今看上去再普通不过的香料93dd58070c818def2b8b2f6dbf5cf0e1,当年是法国皇后才能拥有的奢侈品MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgqOLqL1lgGOxtbWi。 ITVjMTY2NmYwYzk5YTY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m7OHo5u9sqGi

499b4f8504b78302eda966451c71b569f48bd74d

6cf8163823b618a3d8028794d9fea091

▲19世纪法国的一个香料铺QDVjMTY2NmYwYzlhM2I=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgqOLqL2to5uwk7mi

 part.2MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgqOLqL2to5uxuK2i

 一颗胡椒引发的百年战争 ITVjMTY2NmYwYzlhODc=

 JjVjMTY2NmYwYzlhOWY=

为了让香料变得“日常”c8d7b564ac7e28f179f5ef71e608b2f9,无论中西方MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfZu9zrGi,都经历了漫长过程f9d2830abb11020d7cc57ae5d9c30540JDVjMTY2NmYwYzlhYjY=

中国从汉代张骞通西域NWMxNjY2ZjBjYWIyZA==,西域商人开始将各种珍贵香料运到长安等地售卖98ed345e9a19e60b66349c1324ceb5c13f599bab。明朝郑和下西洋9ff0423d73ab57a8972b4bfcd031842467441d00,极大地方便了和东南亚国家的贸易往来QDVjMTY2NmYwY2FiNjI=,从此有了源源不断的胡椒供应60e58025606ffdc93471fd19853f08e370d7bb49ITVjMTY2NmYwYzlhZDk=

XjVjMTY2NmYwYzlhZjU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgqOLqL2to5u9y8-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgqOLqL2to5ywtami

KjVjMTY2NmYwYzliNDc=

▲郑和出使西洋所到国家或地区与郑和船队贸易的香料品种587460ae2ffa88613233b7d610803ae3

KjVjMTY2NmYwYzliNzY=

相比于中国获取香料的平和手段MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfZyxy7mi,欧洲则要惨烈太多c48cc67b57313f3d195c04be5c483452。从古罗马帝国的兴衰到新航路的开辟39e706a3281dae1e50b0de6ea495b975,欧洲历史上桩桩件件的大事ITVjMTY2NmYwY2FiYWU=,背后几乎都弥漫着胡椒辛辣的味道6149e8b9e3403010f1c526b17ed3d483e11b2cd23a018f4e9b2426cf4efdc94c4a60526f

公元408年MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m72KgZyxyKGi,西哥特人的首领阿拉里向罗马人索取黄金与胡椒遭到拒绝d08f6be433e1f3a36a31b7ce36491397,于是直接率兵攻陷了罗马MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfZy9y6Wi,退兵的条件之一ef0b22d76a0ba634397d3925dcc6588b326c9cd8,就是要罗马人上交3000磅胡椒JTVjMTY2NmYwY2I1MGE=MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m7OKgGiyoqGi

d52125027950ad15e50e4ef623502f3e

0ab7bb7e06b9f17b28db0c468c0c70d1a1b7bfab

QDVjMTY2NmYwYzliZjM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgqOLqL2to5y9y72i

▲《马可·波罗游记》记载 :印度奎隆王国收胡椒的黑人ffefc6212c7809ce468454af43c758e2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgqOLqL2to52wy8ei

公元476年0f7b95c38842750dcf9da77729a6393738f18738,西罗马帝国灭亡后9cb5bca55ebe65700a75c95d4f7b7fa1,东西方之间的交流曾经一度中断XjVjMTY2NmYwY2FjNzc=,使得胡椒几乎从欧洲人的餐桌上消失了03321aaeb20076958216cab6e5038b33c84bb31cMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgqOLqL2to52wk72i

这时候想要获得胡椒6bf1f1716a839ed1b1f6429a924b77911e460e49,需要经过印度和太平洋小岛上的土著——阿拉伯商人——埃及商人——威尼斯商人的层层转运8a637a9d621150c7e9d1707f231145748289811c。当胡椒最终抵达欧洲港口时460bbf28fb65ebf7bd5c2e19b6ff52f99328bc78,价格已经是原产地的四五十倍29c565acc982c15009daafab9912fbfbMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgqOLqL2to52xtcei

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m7OKhGayoqGi

eea9c62fdd31491613b708aea18a6dae512b92cb

4d026d19ed1dca24b4a4c58a8ba03cc663452773

NWMxNjY2ZjBjOWNkZQ==

▲《权力的游戏》中魁尔斯十三巨子之一的“香料王”IzVjMTY2NmYwYzljZjY=

巨大的利润让欧洲十分羡慕嫉妒恨990a69ef16e34389f261812bf790efd0。在11世纪到13世纪5729523d8294585dec0ea0b57bcaff20abc30d03,罗马教廷先后组织了8次“十字军东征”fec11347db51700a7f4ee33ded962b450ce06aa4,目的之一就是掠夺东方的胡椒和其他香料KjVjMTY2NmYwY2I1OGY=4c58220ff1fb16501da241f323955495

JjVjMTY2NmYwYzlkMmI=

在第四次十字军东征中ITVjMTY2NmYwY2FjZjI=,教皇乌尔班二世直接在宣布向耶路撒冷进军的圣战计划中公开宣称:“东方是那么的富有34316a64b28f63877306bd5c93185e2e,金子、香料、胡椒俯拾皆是……”NWMxNjY2ZjBjOWQ0Nw==

 f993029d847ca81178c49a16f50fb3025b77a714

XjVjMTY2NmYwYzlkNzc=

a7bfd1114e4240de1b2a667ec60179549dc66bcf

fb27ced0a2db02b85b1b6f7acccb922a180ceae1

大航海时代来临JDVjMTY2NmYwY2FkMjY=,达伽马绕过非洲进入印度洋e61f3daebba3f8f2bae69c26913ac46e69743d97,他们利用坚船利炮打开了印度门户25c0117476eb5f6d141caecd1df22012,控制了亚洲航道IzVjMTY2NmYwY2FkOTQ=,获取了胡椒、丁香、桂皮、生姜、大料等不计其数的香料IzVjMTY2NmYwY2I1YWM=e809253b1583aac63b58c020b01305d7

 e19e73b14fa78098d9f12b997a49b4033fae6aee

ITVjMTY2NmYwYzlkZWM=

943820215790ce5c8b896b6cb34e353466a10c94

NWMxNjY2ZjBjOWUyNg==

▲哥伦布、麦哲伦、达伽马等人的航行路线219eaa527df490cc60525b46e5b8f9cc

当香料产地的“神秘面纱”终于揭开JDVjMTY2NmYwY2FkYWM=,各国为了争夺控制权JDVjMTY2NmYwY2FkYzg=,瞬间撕破脸ef698682196807a37926c8434ae729e89ce6473b,拉开了“黑胡椒战争”的序幕MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfZ69tbGi,从此东南亚开始了长达450年的被殖民统治——XjVjMTY2NmYwYzllNWI=

葡萄牙和西班牙最先加入到胡椒的抢夺c05ab9c80032e0eef02664ab63ff6671187c1a6c,随后荷兰人、法国人、英国人也都接踵而至4fd05b3ec8a11c3920dd4a2c2439207d4027ee9f。西班牙最终兼并了葡萄牙088ed4dbe5a5a7636dcfa61db552e35988635a83,英国抢夺了西班牙船队IzVjMTY2NmYwY2FlM2Y=,令西班牙从此一蹶不振MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfZ-xpa2i,荷兰又将英国的势力从印尼排挤了出去88e63d466560e732c70301127d7642167c00543a39fd8909bb338ee30c802c36e103d9df

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为了能够得到肉豆蔻的产地MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfZ-xuL2i,荷兰甚至不惜让出了自己的土地:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgqOLqL2to5-ytbGi

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▲英国和荷兰为争夺肉豆蔻产地发起战争 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味实验室·一寸香料一寸金》MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m7OKkKu82KGi

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对比曾经呼风唤雨、引得欧洲各个大国“冲冠一怒”的辉煌过去d4e48bdb18d7116571eba4f63e8d55cd1f0d943c,再看看胡椒现在的处境cd36fcc5da3bc63c5c342f4deda87292,竟然忍不住想要心疼它三秒92e0b2066531c0a09b7fc4616acf41ce

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 part.3IzVjMTY2NmYwYzlmZmI=

 香料的新“世界迁徙” f477bcf8b61f40174dc6a3a51f5860f6

以前香料的旅程435ec9d9cdea8952f9bbcd7f2648263792323fc4,建立在血与火之上3f0310092237a058e252fed88cc695ae9c020506,它曾经引发过大小无数战争JjVjMTY2NmYwY2FmMDE=,又让人类发现整个地球IzVjMTY2NmYwY2I2MDI=。如今MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfaCwpbWi,随着不同城市、不同国家之间交往的便利MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m72KkKyxyKGi,香料又开始了自己新一轮的“世界迁徙”8831f6cf9264a2d5566385fd5ab102a8bc44c99bd62e4fcd9fbbbe01489cc0cd1a1b1b127b8daeb4

吃火锅时ae0a7c3e2a00da037069e4186192d9497226e684,原本北方习惯涮羊肉67183b524cc28fcfc54c2b22455d9b55,川渝吃牛油MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfaCx262i,但现在麻辣已经占据大半个中国JTVjMTY2NmYwY2FmYTM=,人们调侃“不能吃辣的人正在被周围抛弃”846ec00ebb8115fafc1a21ada522d37c4df07decee4ddf952709032746ea8ddc32515535

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfKq9uLmi

▲《中国城市食辣报告》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfKuwpb2i

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即使在最能坚守鲜味与清淡的广东cd43dccc072c3959f761579cae3095288794c508,辣味食物也有了市场MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfaC8zrmi,带点小刺激又相对温和的藤椒和胡椒MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m72KkZ68sqGi,对广东人十分友好IzVjMTY2NmYwY2I2NGU=JDVjMTY2NmYwY2ExNTM=

f36933eb76f4a38a4dbe8c28e58b7be6e236e38a

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▲胡椒猪肚鸡ff4e882d2769e1a6b8435b85533afff3

原本只属于河北一地的美食“驴肉火烧”JDVjMTY2NmYwY2IwMDc=,在快节奏的城市生活中攻城略地MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lgKqwqKmi,渐渐有占领整个北方的趋势416889dcd6a580fc071e387ee319fe4cXjVjMTY2NmYwY2ExZWY=

一锅好的驴肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lgKqwy6mi,卤水中的香料搭配是关键MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lgGWxzrmi。《风味人间》中介绍它是“味型各异的植物籽实、根茎848aa84e9f530cc39805ec0171e6b511ecdc1664,甚至树皮45daca5bdbabc3f5c784ff3cff39b863ac4007b3,在不同年代928067e5e4ea56bdcedaab0a01c525f7,翻山越岭MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lgKqyqLmi,辗转而来078cd83737163d43bffb2c06b2b57ff06860d644。最重要的八角913494ff284c1f9801ef5e4ac6d64eac,老家在2000公里外的广西”——像一幅浓缩的小型“香料迁徙地图”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lgGW826miIzVjMTY2NmYwY2EyMDc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfKywqKmi

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▲河北驴肉火烧 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfKyx27Gi

如今在各个城市里开的越来越多的“网红”泰国餐厅028e8b769df88a00e3683e26a877c3b886579ec7,琳琅满目的香草和香料跨海而来5aab6cd0cf85b632ce34d4afacbf1bb758ca796c,征服了我们的味蕾NWMxNjY2ZjBjYjExNg==,让我们得以品尝到以前从未感受过的、东南亚独特的酸辣风味11742ba966186bf079284c22fb3d9ab09a5084756bd98974709c0b2d34599b18941f08b4

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▲泰式冬阴功汤和绿咖喱鸡 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》QDVjMTY2NmYwY2EzNDI=

人们口味的丰富QDVjMTY2NmYwY2IxMmU=,离不开香料的多样MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m72dfK2xyKGi,香料的越来越广泛的传播足迹10281def0a52bab8330f811bdcd64081,更深层反映的是不同地域人们的交流——在碰撞中理解、认同、甚至融合MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgqOLqL1lgKuxzq2i,恰如《风味人间》中所言:“人们不停追寻着香料的气息MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgqOLqL1lgKuypcei,既陌路相逢bc73b6468d36f470cc23b7aac037b733b590972a,又殊途同归”34f3afef7bc036fb59ad973344d122af1db3a92c69e8021810ab3912328160da97765c0ad6bb4062

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你吃过哪些带有“异域风味”的美食?26176ae8e07d8ecbc825f86ab9e92bb0c220fc5b

留言里分享一下吧~MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfK2yta2i

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[1]彭鹏, 昊双. 餐桌上的秘宝调味香料演义[J]. 博物, 2008(10):42-49.f4eacb7702fc8e96a18de9475eb36bf3

[2]伽蓝.世界因香料改变 历史因香料重构.新疆经济报,2011-12-20.MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgqOLqL1lfGOw27Wi

[3]田汝英. “贵如胡椒”:香料成为中世纪西欧的奢侈品现象析论[J]. 贵州社会科学, 2015(7):53-58.7e412d376d820ee36c0e22985f8b5e0d

[4][澳]杰克·特纳. 周子平译. 香料传奇 : 一部由诱惑衍生的历史[M].生活·读书·新知三联书店. 2007.1fa834896e71162e190a82a94d5fdbcf3475da4e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyWjqB0m72HiGe8sqGi

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