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为了一粒胡椒,欧洲人打了几百年仗

要说冬天最有仪式感的入冬庆典XjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ3ZWM=,自然是囤货:JTVjZTM0Nzc3ZDNlYWQ=

北方囤白菜b7be702e1a6f54975946bae3a2be6a1974a58295,一半扔在室外MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGa9zrGi,随时取用1ef70a0400b739913103584101a30577,另一半洗干净QDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ4MjA=,放入调料做腌酸菜;南方则少不了做腊肠腊肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ3nqyxsqGi,肥瘦均匀的五花肉加上各种香料9db014bdef65bc453b69e017ef4e065b,慢慢腌制089de80508f97d1b813558e253a33039,再晾晒风干JDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ4NWY=,是过年桌上最受欢迎的惊喜cb155546aef8d99ef0bb5dfb7456b80de97108bd8341376c6a8c01d8df77226a22fbf58b

10ee7b9f1ed3d000cca12c023b1b3a0aed8bb5e8

d737f307f3db3403f453b87a8f0f21086771db38

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLFljaCxoqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53haCwpbGi

▲北方腌酸菜VS南方熏腊肠MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53haCwtaWi

无论南北MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGexy6mi,想要延长食物的保质期0b7322667f632d008e83132906bcb1abf1f5d4c4,腌制几乎是人们不约而同的选择MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGexk7mi,这一过程离不开香料MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZ-ypb2i1fd4df47c3ac2809f1aa227236c89d93

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53haCwzqmi

56145e75e0ea96d7b80eec763fee1f80

“冷藏技术发明以前2bc88e6f790691fd2bed56ff7b5d9c55,人们用盐和花椒粉腌渍肉类MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGeyuKmi,为其保鲜”XjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRlOWU=。——《风味人间》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53haCxpcui

f77114524bc391f7d9cb21d0b9438f61dbe24a24

b964defaceada5de25cae8fca71aaac68d4467cd

323599780d542063de6a3d3d483c318050c58a5d

▲花椒炮制的风干牦牛肉 | 图片来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》e9f67ec59e0a003bb6979d756b9d2d1082f6063d

c9710b3c4024410c7de1fe98ed9abacbdc3a6f7a

日常生活中JTVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ4YjU=,香料在家里也是再普通不过的存在bfc053d7ac58f3e3ee016137b899647e,炖肉时放上几颗7e26456846c9937a4b081c3ee142cd83486364e0,收获一整锅的香气四溢a07571917cf12b7c61ad5f215b6327ecXjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDNmYTg=

JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDNmYjQ=

可要把时间往回倒几个世纪QDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ4ZGU=,情形却完全不同——MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53haC8y72i

 part.10884e213c6069e5041b90a25d53753df

 穿越回古代f73145ef0ac445b6b9fbfba511b7b7d3,带上胡椒你就发达了 dd9a6c22bf3611d4faf588de3a2c512db671b313

ee5aaf2fa948dd5a47d3e511cb5a496594dafc09

早期中国本土不能种植ITVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ4Zjc=,胡椒是价格高昂的奢侈品5c6111fc7f5aa93c642135e730be7335d4d6d4f7。唐朝宰相元载被朝廷抄家时4de7be379ea8a1f761ef563abc824e443a24542a,家中抄出胡椒八百石9a45a51365572477eee20709c1e550c0。明朝万历后期753862da5fb6a1e2e8257bbbbe0fbf91,一升胡椒大约要纹银六钱MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGiwta2i,折合成现在价格将近600元KjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRlZDc=ac9b61507a9d136d4e153cbabecde522

不仅是中国QDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ5MmM=,在欧洲d24ffc4e9325b4678021d7d0edaa9fddef84832d,很长一段时间bfa93ea7d29bfc99df04553e431ac5c7,胡椒也和黄金白银一样NWNlMzQ3NzdkNDk2MA==,是财富的象征0502ceba4876cae8f231a70cdfe575762d575873,甚至价格还要高于金银cf48563ed18143abf188e14670da7ada3937a5a3。法国俗语里3f7a0050f198ba17ead5923c29e19e91288b8e77,形容一件东西价值连城的方式就是“贵如胡椒”JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRlZjM=KjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQwMDk=

 75f596020c881b4d4ea80e3665e89cf270e6b8a2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ3eKu8yKGi

d1638b4e78e6cf2e6c73f44350aaa2c8

XjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQwM2Y=

▲图片来源:微博截图MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKqxpami

老普林尼在《自然史》里列举了公元1世纪左右的香料价格:4bd3c0b8090cc6fc08c5b979ce0235c081c85455

521dfbc7a96370c88538d5b46a76535c

胡椒4古罗马便士一磅、白胡椒7便士一磅、生姜6便士一磅、肉桂从5到50便士不等、一磅不纯的桂皮油价格在35到300便士、纯的桂皮油最高可以到1500便士一磅ITVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRmMDA=。而当时一名士兵的年俸是225便士MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iaCwpbGi8b1c7dce3a3637c7d7ff28dfd119831c

JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQwODE=

也就是说QDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ5ODk=,一磅上好的桂皮油价格差不多相当于一位百夫长6年的工钱750a17e2f517e89a2b180c1fc4a3c771151756b766c4a4af357acdc20fcfbf8cb7baf7c1

IzVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQwOWE=

XjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQwYWE=

88035b7af9c7c0bd6851bd8c2032000a91d6fe74

▲古罗马时期胡椒价格高昂 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味实验室·一寸香料一寸金》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKq8y8-i

现在在饭店吃饭MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGiyqK2i,假如发现自己忘了带钱QDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ5YTQ=,想要给老板几颗胡椒抵扣7e73034fc299660c73696db397fb053a,估计会被饭店老板打得找不到北34057dd6e7d77b17a44f46756f2a44b05b7b0cd8。但在中世纪的欧洲MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGi8y62i,则完全没有问题e2b52e794a82e06bfd2ad7aa9a5cd6ac,因为当时东方香料在市场上是可以当钱花的80e13a0e54b98b6b3e184aef1847bf892b932da9ITVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQwZDE=

很多人的工钱就直接折算成定量的香料MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGi9pami,香料还可以用来交税交租d9837d7d985fcd84f0c1b31db1191e662cbf9534NWNlMzQ3NzdkNDBlMA==

f0eb36c6fe89e92357876d3f2062a15b

4a8f4024b5ab2ade67be9b6a043bdc32

4ea11f6ee9a489851bad040c20636464

JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQxMWQ=

▲你敢相信?当时的造假是“往胡椒里掺银屑”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKuwuL2i

10世纪伦巴第王国的帕维亚是重要港口MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ3o5-wsqGi,政府对每名到来贸易的外国商人4683ab21365c41c29243819cda88b014,征收的税金为胡椒、桂皮、高良姜、生姜各一磅44342d8942141c3ae895313d5d8e419c36fe0bd5MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKuwzr2i

查理大帝时期73806c699d1043af07659786d1eeef03,热那亚的圣菲迪斯教堂曾以收取一磅胡椒为租金733511f483bd42c5e0620abde0424d18,1937年英王对康沃尔郡的郡长收取的租金包括一磅胡椒a40a6cab3bc952c8fbfd2329c376fa88QDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQxNDc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKuxpcui

胡椒作为象征性租金支付一直延续到上个世纪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZuwtcei,1976年纽约的一家教堂用279粒胡椒来象征偿还自英王威廉三世以来美国所欠的租金00e7e1c2ad32d5eb5990f0a2b1618f508dbe6c2715044c85edd16334126ab4de

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKuxy8ui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKux27mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKuyqL2i

▲1976年398a9d12a5a0a0cd0ac3e77a631a04f5,英国女王访美ITVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRhNDE=,在纽约教堂里接受了279颗胡椒a62d054027c071ce414a17a6f66c2cda,作为自英王威廉二世以来美国欠英国的租金KjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRmNzk=21095c74bfee262b030218e5d794ccb8b940eff3

因为高昂的价格JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRhNjA=,拥有香料渐渐成了身份的象征d62497cf833bfe3c5db1b6863d80420a。丁香a3a0ce6c0988ccf2c3cc0a6d3826d0237cf498e8,胡椒和肉豆蔻不再是简单的食物dc4784ce77f96ddb5605f0268d505b77,它们顺利地与权力结合24073382dda8e931c0f0d84064c34bcbJDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQxYmM=

dfa77b8bf1d99903ed3d54b24f22537ee157dbf9

9e7badcdde7e3ad87158c920391a742fc9b8dfb8

子爵阿德马三世宴请到访的公爵威廉九世时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZuxk7Gi,发现橱柜中没有摆宴所需的胡椒b1e6a579359cc0db556ebae17f0c115b,无奈只能派管家向邻近的贵族去借f81ff7fc64d03d2a4a683b24fb6c0983。贵族向管家炫耀了家里堆成山的胡椒MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZuytc-i,他甚至只能用大铁锹去铲b85b402095b2c3da6a88c55f2e543e4e287af394。——《香料传奇 : 一部由诱惑衍生的历史》NWNlMzQ3NzdkNDFlNA==

据记载MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZu8tc-i,14世纪初法国国王查理四世的遗孀珍妮的厨房中IzVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRhYzE=,有胡椒6磅、13.5磅桂皮、3.5磅丁香、1.25磅番红花、半磅长胡椒c7db23afc05f1f986d28ca855403107d,以及少量肉豆蔻皮和多达23.5磅生姜JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRmYmM=。你瞧1bc9ef090f826702d8818040226948db,如今看上去再普通不过的香料IzVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRhZWQ=,当年是法国皇后才能拥有的奢侈品d5894f81fb10930bfb0c8b56c1107c22fc3fb518。 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKu9tcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKu9y72i

KjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQyMGU=

JTVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQyMWQ=

▲19世纪法国的一个香料铺JTVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQyMmE=

 962835302a1ee25f8cc635df24ef5b5ff41f1453

 part.2JDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQyNDM=

 一颗胡椒引发的百年战争 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKyxpbmi

 1141db8ed631430eb8b4a069ce360f21

为了让香料变得“日常”71cc3e15c7ce701b4353d2d8bdd0bafab38d3e6e,无论中西方1d70ce11bfeb81b89952e47ee75cb22a,都经历了漫长过程MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iaC9pamiQDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQyNmM=

中国从汉代张骞通西域c6ac06666cb29c1ed2ac43281ce3ffb0b32a949d,西域商人开始将各种珍贵香料运到长安等地售卖10bcae19e1d2fed99afd5179504ba823。明朝郑和下西洋MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZywtcei,极大地方便了和东南亚国家的贸易往来5f1226a1e5db70cbf4a1102d272b637c36596419,从此有了源源不断的胡椒供应7a9b696c539e1f7e8dde09e139f1d1559162af2c0e7759886ba17a26676cd564

f7232ee7e9b87452b51f7f707b25792d002beec8

KjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQyOTQ=

QDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQyYTE=

9a63dd2a228b3554bd77b8b30af60de1d718f51a

▲郑和出使西洋所到国家或地区与郑和船队贸易的香料品种MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ3gZyxsqGi

f6d27e40fc01ce9acc194a806a05c6b8cf162cd3

相比于中国获取香料的平和手段JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRiM2U=,欧洲则要惨烈太多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53jKqwpa2i。从古罗马帝国的兴衰到新航路的开辟JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRiNGQ=,欧洲历史上桩桩件件的大事2096e5e20af9086a152d14dc68dd8393,背后几乎都弥漫着胡椒辛辣的味道MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53jKqwqL2ic83f3c687d373c60b1aea464eb842cf8fc356ea2

公元408年da00871ecfb4d56a866a0524a1d47bf4,西哥特人的首领阿拉里向罗马人索取黄金与胡椒遭到拒绝MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ6gGW9oqGi,于是直接率兵攻陷了罗马6ea0b04b549dd56384b8f3dd58619a37,退兵的条件之一XjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRiOTQ=,就是要罗马人上交3000磅胡椒MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53jKqwuK2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iKy9tami

bbec6a0183730b99c75fcb4e8eb869255ee3b414

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ3gaC9oqGi

b00cd89f33a157138ad36b54036bc94b

JTVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQzMjQ=

▲《马可·波罗游记》记载 :印度奎隆王国收胡椒的黑人MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ3hKyysqGi

fca8d729380da0e1ce224e1e8fd6235d

公元476年5b5d8d93d40f6cf5b963faa498867430671dc49c,西罗马帝国灭亡后81204de4de94a6f37e462e60cea34bbd,东西方之间的交流曾经一度中断XjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRiYmQ=,使得胡椒几乎从欧洲人的餐桌上消失了62a6b6fddb4492e5838180bc8a27683d82d8ed2fMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iK2xpbWi

这时候想要获得胡椒3ff956db261efbcfbc866639ff5900ffaedaa698,需要经过印度和太平洋小岛上的土著——阿拉伯商人——埃及商人——威尼斯商人的层层转运f9cbbb660e516e216ef8e59ca38759a714edb827。当胡椒最终抵达欧洲港口时ITVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRiZDk=,价格已经是原产地的四五十倍82e5829a506a506e0145e813d207d7f48527461dMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iK2xtbWi

 ITVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQzNmI=

JTVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQzNzg=

2fa1ed16b612ae138155ac54efffd295

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iK2ypb2i

▲《权力的游戏》中魁尔斯十三巨子之一的“香料王”46d61c6fda0be4342282613672a26aeba2ba9153

巨大的利润让欧洲十分羡慕嫉妒恨282cae203bc71ca34350c3c590ed16fe。在11世纪到13世纪JTVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRiZTU=,罗马教廷先后组织了8次“十字军东征”7c0590ca198db78daae5c4a0fd7ea3b9,目的之一就是掠夺东方的胡椒和其他香料e902910d84df40c9290c49358dfedca8038c3ed701f5bf232d01571b821c2c1266905168

NWNlMzQ3NzdkNDNiYw==

在第四次十字军东征中IzVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRjMDE=,教皇乌尔班二世直接在宣布向耶路撒冷进军的圣战计划中公开宣称:“东方是那么的富有JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRjMGU=,金子、香料、胡椒俯拾皆是……”ITVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQzYzk=

 f11dbd3fdb50e1298f10bbce0fe568b974e88e2a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ3hZ69oqGi

XjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQzZjU=

d4c8f01347911455038d5b04be1908a6

大航海时代来临8916275f0054fc9d034bb5a222bd866b,达伽马绕过非洲进入印度洋MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ6hKu9yKGi,他们利用坚船利炮打开了印度门户4814caec833473b4c24e0d40d29fd518,控制了亚洲航道47071b49181257524d9d644e2a49206b,获取了胡椒、丁香、桂皮、生姜、大料等不计其数的香料2290b57fc6fce66c35466ccb0d5474fbc005839dJTVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ0MTE=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGOwtbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGOwy6Wi

f9b77ffca60d9d8c01337c82cc54009f

0b2f452d7190024582e9222e0c0edf209610bc35

▲哥伦布、麦哲伦、达伽马等人的航行路线XjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ0NTU=

当香料产地的“神秘面纱”终于揭开XjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRjNTU=,各国为了争夺控制权MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZ2xtcei,瞬间撕破脸e420c0073cdcf202710e20da86d2caff,拉开了“黑胡椒战争”的序幕JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRjN2U=,从此东南亚开始了长达450年的被殖民统治——8601fd5566e88bb53adf2a4046474542

葡萄牙和西班牙最先加入到胡椒的抢夺MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZ2ypaWi,随后荷兰人、法国人、英国人也都接踵而至71286d5d800f676d7ccd09ba55d6c5fe8f894873。西班牙最终兼并了葡萄牙706c9c606244841ecb72ea5612af81bb,英国抢夺了西班牙船队MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZ2yuLmi,令西班牙从此一蹶不振ITVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRjYjU=,荷兰又将英国的势力从印尼排挤了出去9bd07aef5edf05a18cb6e8c07fe00c761f72242d659c7bbc83885c0eea0e1ff9ddf270af8f0486f0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGOx26mi

为了能够得到肉豆蔻的产地8391e0ed61f78abe4eb03c596c98c3c5,荷兰甚至不惜让出了自己的土地:9b3669571d7ccb61c2037b674adbbe43

NWNlMzQ3NzdkNDQ5Nw==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGOytc-i

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▲英国和荷兰为争夺肉豆蔻产地发起战争 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味实验室·一寸香料一寸金》ITVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ0ZDE=

6fe504e5fb0e05c9da69037806fa6c462146f036

NWNlMzQ3NzdkNDRmMw==

对比曾经呼风唤雨、引得欧洲各个大国“冲冠一怒”的辉煌过去JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRjZDE=,再看看胡椒现在的处境JTVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRjZGU=,竟然忍不住想要心疼它三秒973317e93d084269ae06e382f3c69499

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JTVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ1MWI=

a37fd301b5efc50191d31be03b40095d

 part.328e38fb020520dc57c2171a11ffa452b

 香料的新“世界迁徙” IzVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ1NDE=

以前香料的旅程56da9675e6ac46564720dc0689ed214d79bc9489,建立在血与火之上c10e285101075133cd7945e65be3ef17eadbc4e2,它曾经引发过大小无数战争bf5afff5b998beade706aa3445498b5e,又让人类发现整个地球MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53jKqyuK2i。如今c8605965867ebec2cf47da52c2bfa8a6829a1f90,随着不同城市、不同国家之间交往的便利5f9670178f47bfc65dd7d4d20cf5cfa5e0fcd5bd,香料又开始了自己新一轮的“世界迁徙”6d36cf0d74062ef04a3b233fdcc76275JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ1NTE=

吃火锅时JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRkMmQ=,原本北方习惯涮羊肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ6iK2xyKGi,川渝吃牛油60032b9008f7f2c10d7def95cc7981efc9ff97ed,但现在麻辣已经占据大半个中国4abdd55fff01a3d8129ceea22a173e4f3999a98c,人们调侃“不能吃辣的人正在被周围抛弃”0325614f2f9078bd0295dc04374dcca1MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGSxtbGi

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ3jZyw2KGi

IzVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ1Y2E=

▲《中国城市食辣报告》MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ3jZ29yKGi

NWNlMzQ3NzdkNDVlOQ==

即使在最能坚守鲜味与清淡的广东d270f7de8beffa115e457aacc6f70888,辣味食物也有了市场9f52b667c3000277ada1aa9ee91f415630635829,带点小刺激又相对温和的藤椒和胡椒IzVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRkODc=,对广东人十分友好bef90fa66337323c49e116eb5b5dd72ae67c759eMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGS9uK2i

90a146ae15c4996227fe5039e53c7ca1

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGWwtbWi

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▲胡椒猪肚鸡NWNlMzQ3NzdkNDYzZA==

原本只属于河北一地的美食“驴肉火烧”KjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRkOTQ=,在快节奏的城市生活中攻城略地MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZ6ytbmi,渐渐有占领整个北方的趋势MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLKHeZ68sqGiITVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ2NGE=

一锅好的驴肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZ68tbGi,卤水中的香料搭配是关键c52472f1175b56828b3505e3c27fe9af。《风味人间》中介绍它是“味型各异的植物籽实、根茎JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRkYmU=,甚至树皮MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZ68zr2i,在不同年代c0a4daabbb595e298c1271633fd74aee0f740fc1,翻山越岭MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZ69qLmi,辗转而来aaa543d9ebf64a23777320fbe2f5f652098807f3。最重要的八角a08ab36198fbbc3564a56633e92a85161c3281c0,老家在2000公里外的广西”——像一幅浓缩的小型“香料迁徙地图”NWNlMzQ3NzdkNTExNw==9b4e8e127ca77618f3a74dc2b1a49e27

QDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ2Njk=

f1ac13e81bc9653adf7b627627fe09375cf0b1e0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGWx28ui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgrCWnLJ3kGex2KGi

▲河北驴肉火烧 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》8f107ba982920c2490551b255652bac718f0073c

如今在各个城市里开的越来越多的“网红”泰国餐厅JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDRlMDU=,琳琅满目的香草和香料跨海而来ae0f8a695b49c8b1d704aebe13bff491,征服了我们的味蕾MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZ-wtbGi,让我们得以品尝到以前从未感受过的、东南亚独特的酸辣风味XjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDUxMjk=IzVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ2YjQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGW8y72i

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XjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ2ZTI=

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JTVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ3MDE=

▲泰式冬阴功汤和绿咖喱鸡 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》9ca88840e6eb5ad0f9751d5631f7051f0a2a0ae6

人们口味的丰富MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZ-wy6Wi,离不开香料的多样ddcbbc91dc84dac03d352ad0d17fa4c6,香料的越来越广泛的传播足迹17141340ec1cf6c32ad7eda7e3bb97da,更深层反映的是不同地域人们的交流——在碰撞中理解、认同、甚至融合MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iZ-xpb2i,恰如《风味人间》中所言:“人们不停追寻着香料的气息50daab86a20fa5d2609db8831c92f3abdb65b349,既陌路相逢8741a186d58ea3704c991348dcc9f3b7,又殊途同归”QDVjZTM0Nzc3ZDUxMzY=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGawtaWi

5aa06b65ea544c8e834c9b9168b671b0e46ebc5e

你吃过哪些带有“异域风味”的美食?cda30b056cb7048d636c105e1ff23eb8

留言里分享一下吧~IzVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ3NDQ=

 7abdda3fbba2ad33174a1228631df10f

JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ3NjA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGaxy62i

4efdc4dc69ec6bb423bc27ea9ebeeeee054fdd05

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[2]伽蓝.世界因香料改变 历史因香料重构.新疆经济报,2011-12-20.MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGayqKmi

[3]田汝英. “贵如胡椒”:香料成为中世纪西欧的奢侈品现象析论[J]. 贵州社会科学, 2015(7):53-58.JjVjZTM0Nzc3ZDQ3YTI=

[4][澳]杰克·特纳. 周子平译. 香料传奇 : 一部由诱惑衍生的历史[M].生活·读书·新知三联书店. 2007.cb0d639609ca4bb7aef97249b814a590c23c1290

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCVZL53iGa826Wi

3875d9d652f0c5cdf109c27b94f79c414bf9808d

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