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为了一粒胡椒,欧洲人打了几百年仗

要说冬天最有仪式感的入冬庆典a4a4299fc363a20bd7056446ae86cc7508f8694c,自然是囤货:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ2ypami

北方囤白菜MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKu9zqmi,一半扔在室外60d907d1b246d77ca6e2d77a8d2cf315,随时取用MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKywqKmi,另一半洗干净ddd31d8852fa18e3c0109f78bc8f05df,放入调料做腌酸菜;南方则少不了做腊肠腊肉JDVjNmVjNmE5MjAyMjE=,肥瘦均匀的五花肉加上各种香料538e7d96d9854f73899829bbbf0eb0c2,慢慢腌制f815ac9b1c4aea1804355aeb259019170c557e83,再晾晒风干0bcb9549d70a58ebbe174f7f16f7561ce23c91f8,是过年桌上最受欢迎的惊喜MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGS8zrmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ2yuL2i

IzVjNmVjNmE5MWZjYjE=

ed6d59ad8807379f57d9c9f4958ef990

370863243744a5926a516dd6cadb1f8d67361471

32f1c7f44722990cae469669902738c09a957459

▲北方腌酸菜VS南方熏腊肠MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ29pc-i

无论南北MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKyw28-i,想要延长食物的保质期3ffd7c3d5e4c17a52474634ee4130f672e0ee549,腌制几乎是人们不约而同的选择c972addb69353c6c70cae75fb4d2453d,这一过程离不开香料MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGS828eie3856cd01a44ce3b55520c43fafa3bbd75623221

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ29uK2i

IzVjNmVjNmE5MWZjZmE=

“冷藏技术发明以前cfbb47edb2ab890845a2beee4a903b94,人们用盐和花椒粉腌渍肉类fe96099ae25f5ed2f1f3664eaa3d227b,为其保鲜”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGS9pami。——《风味人间》JjVjNmVjNmE5MWZkMDE=

6c8dfcc2ea9666ea8cbabe3f00ca5666

7de49f604b39cca3b0b429f849e9a059d05b43ff

865fd820a528ab6e9333682b9382846d

▲花椒炮制的风干牦牛肉 | 图片来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》1d6216fc35ab1a391c904ca2f013d40c

e6f625d58fa3969eb7f8c8ba7e082baf5adb21b9

日常生活中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKyxuL2i,香料在家里也是再普通不过的存在JDVjNmVjNmE5MjAyNmM=,炖肉时放上几颗9fd96d4a1d01dfe42b2f72eb31c0c5ed,收获一整锅的香气四溢55b7001ed99597ebc4e0f62b1b7f48eb9e1026f4c56ef0321015e7af8d84eb40d3ac9b21

d9888d9146189553ad3767d153175bfa050dbefe

可要把时间往回倒几个世纪IzVjNmVjNmE5MjAyN2E=,情形却完全不同——MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ6wk7Wi

 part.1NWM2ZWM2YTkxZmQ1MA==

 穿越回古代9bb7fea167aa1e1a16346117ab83e94ac4db6dc5,带上胡椒你就发达了 a00ae934860f9fb3e1a194f0f9ea91c873f93998

c393c590dd5f1d98e0ebc1a3755f3ad4c56852ea

早期中国本土不能种植c3b9d5e2f5670e90ca0fdcc9da8b0788,胡椒是价格高昂的奢侈品11315fe817f32cb9d3bea7b7e6d97ffd。唐朝宰相元载被朝廷抄家时JjVjNmVjNmE5MjAyOTE=,家中抄出胡椒八百石fc3839e775cf52c22095e3d8639f4fdc7d5daa41。明朝万历后期6512afa81ca5a2580e34d32cf6fd25c92b0325e1,一升胡椒大约要纹银六钱JDVjNmVjNmE5MjAyOWY=,折合成现在价格将近600元MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGS9uL2i6143e00e2a1e7c801e3d9385781129fcdaacb3ce

不仅是中国414b1244a0aba50e3e5a696eb8be7582,在欧洲NWM2ZWM2YTkyMDJiMA==,很长一段时间e950ecf5c0e668d31d32ff4e68f3519f,胡椒也和黄金白银一样00167a7534c0187d5a7b7c3d2d4f9a45,是财富的象征4e30e0853a6cdcca4016314d74c5b1d4,甚至价格还要高于金银ITVjNmVjNmE5MjA1ZmM=。法国俗语里MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubCWjYqdqrF3gZ28sqGi,形容一件东西价值连城的方式就是“贵如胡椒”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGS9zrWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ6xy8ui

 JjVjNmVjNmE5MWZkNzg=

1900878ff18d30c9e550956d2cf8ce57

6c73392dc171c39b93524eb16b4f5dc59e475d82

58bdee27709feb7d424a5306fa92073bd58a7e08

▲图片来源:微博截图MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ6yqLmi

老普林尼在《自然史》里列举了公元1世纪左右的香料价格:XjVjNmVjNmE5MWZkOWY=

NWM2ZWM2YTkxZmRhNw==

胡椒4古罗马便士一磅、白胡椒7便士一磅、生姜6便士一磅、肉桂从5到50便士不等、一磅不纯的桂皮油价格在35到300便士、纯的桂皮油最高可以到1500便士一磅NWM2ZWM2YTkyMDYxMA==。而当时一名士兵的年俸是225便士MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubCWjYqdqrF3kKuw2KGiadcd2760f366aacb970d636ff8e588e79fd311f4

JTVjNmVjNmE5MWZkYjk=

也就是说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKy9pbWi,一磅上好的桂皮油价格差不多相当于一位百夫长6年的工钱JDVjNmVjNmE5MjA2MjI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ68zqmi

ITVjNmVjNmE5MWZkYzk=

5eb04cf71abd608bb77aece6ee310379

646a3af83b72ccefa870f333fbd4b51353b3185b

▲古罗马时期胡椒价格高昂 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味实验室·一寸香料一寸金》0726e55197c8b4e75179b37b91a80bd9

现在在饭店吃饭MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubCWjYqdqrF3gZ69sqGi,假如发现自己忘了带钱e147717e610769f6ebaa93a6d572ebb5,想要给老板几颗胡椒抵扣1f17b0461c769a1f3bffb8c9ba83ecbb,估计会被饭店老板打得找不到北ITVjNmVjNmE5MjA2MmE=。但在中世纪的欧洲JTVjNmVjNmE5MjAyZmM=,则完全没有问题13a55f93f6d866955afbc46786948f0a,因为当时东方香料在市场上是可以当钱花的4dd395dda54e62d1d13f38f9e7ff3e03e0d14aaa8170fdf589bf942a215fe71da99fe295c2d1596c

很多人的工钱就直接折算成定量的香料1ae4ac818a8407801022b5b8fd3380b574f64be1,香料还可以用来交税交租MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGWw262i39f3da1ae84194be67110e1b408428d3

JjVjNmVjNmE5MWZkZjk=

ITVjNmVjNmE5MWZlMDA=

65b056397a8feed6c8fd804c2a49ba23

NWM2ZWM2YTkxZmUxNA==

▲你敢相信?当时的造假是“往胡椒里掺银屑”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ-wtbmi

10世纪伦巴第王国的帕维亚是重要港口KjVjNmVjNmE5MjAzMTU=,政府对每名到来贸易的外国商人eeab9a254f56c6c04d89ebc8a537a486d0226ce9,征收的税金为胡椒、桂皮、高良姜、生姜各一磅910da10fabf8f4fd5dc1b8bb6ed4293a2cb7efa08525b874a79300cfd33e49d971b0942f

查理大帝时期70abc975816d0815827c8376a0953bfc,热那亚的圣菲迪斯教堂曾以收取一磅胡椒为租金MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeK2wy8ei,1937年英王对康沃尔郡的郡长收取的租金包括一磅胡椒7a439677a11a91ca7f17f3034eeb4b9c2d0a24c855457569cec9a106a574377dff5fe88f

57aea17f67ebe42befbe6b440c6a6c6aae34c73a

胡椒作为象征性租金支付一直延续到上个世纪QDVjNmVjNmE5MjAzMzg=,1976年纽约的一家教堂用279粒胡椒来象征偿还自英王威廉三世以来美国所欠的租金0253393ef8b3347d0e61ac5113fc541aeeff340dITVjNmVjNmE5MWZlM2U=

cfc5ca01949c353d318fdfad4688e098

IzVjNmVjNmE5MWZlNGM=

1ad4eaf8ef21f4dac99839f62cc99bfb

▲1976年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeK2w28-i,英国女王访美c5763042a6e39881ff7d370ddd257c51,在纽约教堂里接受了279颗胡椒MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeK2xpcei,作为自英王威廉二世以来美国欠英国的租金JTVjNmVjNmE5MjA2NWM=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ-xtbWi

因为高昂的价格2589344e189e271c5b533753884852b9,拥有香料渐渐成了身份的象征IzVjNmVjNmE5MjA2NjM=。丁香3c0747f5e355bbd9bea29aea2bfbff16,胡椒和肉豆蔻不再是简单的食物JDVjNmVjNmE5MjAzNmI=,它们顺利地与权力结合97109a59e5fe3edae0a1ae356d94ccf3568ef86fJjVjNmVjNmE5MWZlNjE=

26e1f44c7aa15a2134b95705c4e996256620cdd4

JjVjNmVjNmE5MWZlNmY=

子爵阿德马三世宴请到访的公爵威廉九世时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeK2xzrGi,发现橱柜中没有摆宴所需的胡椒JTVjNmVjNmE5MjAzNzk=,无奈只能派管家向邻近的贵族去借6a6e7aa7dbad2886ff763971f79cc840efcd4812。贵族向管家炫耀了家里堆成山的胡椒XjVjNmVjNmE5MjAzODI=,他甚至只能用大铁锹去铲b1f3ec9f1daa11f7efcf3598c83886abb7c28e65。——《香料传奇 : 一部由诱惑衍生的历史》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ-x26Wi

据记载462a90e747dfb984d61579ff2a7d5cf8,14世纪初法国国王查理四世的遗孀珍妮的厨房中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeK2yqKmi,有胡椒6磅、13.5磅桂皮、3.5磅丁香、1.25磅番红花、半磅长胡椒52c68f17fe9846a04d6d9ab4b1c90d67,以及少量肉豆蔻皮和多达23.5磅生姜MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGWyqLmi。你瞧50443d394c1b4ced30019b791df6d678edc3ce69,如今看上去再普通不过的香料6438d0114c6b9ab1b1bb43b5371d0a7addcbcfb4,当年是法国皇后才能拥有的奢侈品NWM2ZWM2YTkyMDY5Zg==。 be14ed2689c278b9f0dded3e51ed4e2ad3593757

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ-ypami

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ-ypcui

JDVjNmVjNmE5MWZlOTg=

▲19世纪法国的一个香料铺93bb989097adbb469b352d007de0aedb

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkZ-8ta2i

 part.259b094eddb0992c728af15b6b4054396

 一颗胡椒引发的百年战争 1186e036a273034e6ed0b904bbf87114

 NWM2ZWM2YTkxZmViZg==

为了让香料变得“日常”a0421403994f15dd96ff0df7a85f12c3a5f8a295,无论中西方a4ce4ce326c46de96703853efa671527,都经历了漫长过程826ad9459eaac0b4ae9cb6db3b9d306d19a6e8f7097a5f6d7496e5db248025118ae94e75

中国从汉代张骞通西域JDVjNmVjNmE5MjAzYmQ=,西域商人开始将各种珍贵香料运到长安等地售卖MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGW8tcui。明朝郑和下西洋MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeK28zrmi,极大地方便了和东南亚国家的贸易往来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeK2827mi,从此有了源源不断的胡椒供应532ca242d7f90e466ededc127e602a8b9fe3eee91751d46ce5565e9c41bf8c8586d26093

23fb3f45bb3b4af8fde7a8c5aa881d942f2bc17c

63392b69a7ce8d04be696bdb9f5c10f290be0c9e

944aaae67a2e28dfd8d9b58e49cf2aeec9ab126b

ad5b9010c4cab0cc93abe991360e1a8ca9c97b45

▲郑和出使西洋所到国家或地区与郑和船队贸易的香料品种KjVjNmVjNmE5MWZlZjg=

78070d4116eaad088e77caa1fd390114d65e0b63

相比于中国获取香料的平和手段6f5f0b62440ec09be93fc184332f0fb109f92b73,欧洲则要惨烈太多ITVjNmVjNmE5MjA2YzE=。从古罗马帝国的兴衰到新航路的开辟IzVjNmVjNmE5MjAzZGQ=,欧洲历史上桩桩件件的大事ba51ddf460840137e6dc95438a2c42ab36ec5334,背后几乎都弥漫着胡椒辛辣的味道d4bc2a0fb2003b96a4c1317fec90aa07XjVjNmVjNmE5MWZmMDc=

公元408年ITVjNmVjNmE5MjAzZWQ=,西哥特人的首领阿拉里向罗马人索取黄金与胡椒遭到拒绝f2fc3c888cc933d6e5d49506650878f23083b930,于是直接率兵攻陷了罗马MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeK29y8ui,退兵的条件之一9f7ccd04660751f7691e9d223188d781,就是要罗马人上交3000磅胡椒392c6a11233814d126926d92bbb7a1cdfc35acf9MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkaCwpcui

14e408c691df152e6bf01b0a3b00d6f73ae82973

5ef25086ebb1c33bf150399c248268a8085fa05b

eb9f4c6e156499463529d5a98a0768ba

NWM2ZWM2YTkxZmYzNA==

▲《马可·波罗游记》记载 :印度奎隆王国收胡椒的黑人b35987488f32865e555556954b7bc4f7

8eefb77df43806171b72cc241111f757

公元476年JDVjNmVjNmE5MjA0MGY=,西罗马帝国灭亡后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGOwtaWi,东西方之间的交流曾经一度中断54af583980cd63937f9ce08c3c63d64d,使得胡椒几乎从欧洲人的餐桌上消失了099d320bece1737a398ade65674f1546195f2bc4MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkaCxpbWi

这时候想要获得胡椒QDVjNmVjNmE5MjA0Mjc=,需要经过印度和太平洋小岛上的土著——阿拉伯商人——埃及商人——威尼斯商人的层层转运KjVjNmVjNmE5MjA2ZTE=。当胡椒最终抵达欧洲港口时JjVjNmVjNmE5MjA0MmU=,价格已经是原产地的四五十倍XjVjNmVjNmE5MjA2ZTg=54f1374d5aa108dfffe811a23045bf34

 1af1f49efb177ac9ab2f7b5553545ce0dfe608bc

QDVjNmVjNmE5MWZmNjA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkaCxy6mi

3b4b9773049d092103fba65c2ff552d09061da09

▲《权力的游戏》中魁尔斯十三巨子之一的“香料王”NWM2ZWM2YTkxZmY4NQ==

巨大的利润让欧洲十分羡慕嫉妒恨ITVjNmVjNmE5MjA2ZjI=。在11世纪到13世纪dea68aec081204daf419e05a851a27347d415cad,罗马教廷先后组织了8次“十字军东征”ITVjNmVjNmE5MjA0M2Y=,目的之一就是掠夺东方的胡椒和其他香料8a49ef81e2b070dc4911b0c774add107f15363df9a9c2475b790b56b68a4d1239edfb80f

ITVjNmVjNmE5MWZmOTQ=

在第四次十字军东征中a5c7c111547fb611d8599d645ca655de,教皇乌尔班二世直接在宣布向耶路撒冷进军的圣战计划中公开宣称:“东方是那么的富有db44523dad1d3b80a513cbb945065165b6408cba,金子、香料、胡椒俯拾皆是……”b7b746f0a31e5028ea8802b0a40bd4971e60c987

 cee6b6834482e7a9e31fe10ebea7cdea

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubCWjYqdqb6gkZuysqGi

e683a03a88a21fe2987d252f825f2ad7

QDVjNmVjNmE5MWZmYzA=

大航海时代来临e63c12099b60d56cb42794f83f45f8fd,达伽马绕过非洲进入印度洋de33783f0fd075343520edc145beb215,他们利用坚船利炮打开了印度门户QDVjNmVjNmE5MjA0NjQ=,控制了亚洲航道NWM2ZWM2YTkyMDQ2Yw==,获取了胡椒、丁香、桂皮、生姜、大料等不计其数的香料MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGW9zrGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubCWjYqdqb6gkZ2w2KGi

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkaC8k7Gi

2a5b81fc9f3b2cd25cae27082fb7be19

608a5a7044a7aff1ef3a037512ee5c0e

283edc18ae40b1ec8e3d388f206f8feaf5a28911

▲哥伦布、麦哲伦、达伽马等人的航行路线017c6608aab9e57dbf7ac8e83a63654c

当香料产地的“神秘面纱”终于揭开QDVjNmVjNmE5MjA0NzQ=,各国为了争夺控制权MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGOx27mi,瞬间撕破脸MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGOxk7mi,拉开了“黑胡椒战争”的序幕MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGOypb2i,从此东南亚开始了长达450年的被殖民统治——MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGKkaC9y7Wi

葡萄牙和西班牙最先加入到胡椒的抢夺ca0380ac3a2d73e2089a405c12652713,随后荷兰人、法国人、英国人也都接踵而至aaa7cd28f118d7b130dc1ec54715cbbe904980ff。西班牙最终兼并了葡萄牙MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGOytbWi,英国抢夺了西班牙船队a106bd34a632a4f41ebd0f04f5d1b321489468f1,令西班牙从此一蹶不振3b867d9003e584640b996829d8e01b2e,荷兰又将英国的势力从印尼排挤了出去MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubCWjYqdqrF3mqq9yKGife890684a0b18a930b83aa6840b9ba42c0fa5310

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为了能够得到肉豆蔻的产地54dce1d04f4f482463efe01f8181208ada7ecb98,荷兰甚至不惜让出了自己的土地:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKqwqK2i

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▲英国和荷兰为争夺肉豆蔻产地发起战争 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味实验室·一寸香料一寸金》JDVjNmVjNmE5MjAwMmY=

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对比曾经呼风唤雨、引得欧洲各个大国“冲冠一怒”的辉煌过去016eb9ddb601e6b96e039b11e4ec3033,再看看胡椒现在的处境4df607e3a0351c3b6b98a53c59c8286f,竟然忍不住想要心疼它三秒07b958efca4b28e0242421ff4f3b8db619dd2aa9

JTVjNmVjNmE5MjAwNGQ=

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 香料的新“世界迁徙” 93f9a32947b907e6456f6400c233bc0b67cfdbab

以前香料的旅程MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGO9pcui,建立在血与火之上5c7dd2bdd012e1feb3b457e72385e5a1,它曾经引发过大小无数战争JjVjNmVjNmE5MjA0ZjM=,又让人类发现整个地球MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGawtc-i。如今9d07d178eb02207bdc46168b40f7161f,随着不同城市、不同国家之间交往的便利MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGO9zq2i,香料又开始了自己新一轮的“世界迁徙”QDVjNmVjNmE5MjA3MmI=ff30b58be54fb728195290b371ec5a4af1591f57

吃火锅时ab4579393e380f25c9adaad7c7ab401b163ce89e,原本北方习惯涮羊肉JTVjNmVjNmE5MjA1MGY=,川渝吃牛油0a5fd9411fa80ec854e509a34bc3483e242efcdf,但现在麻辣已经占据大半个中国2b35fd4d7b91a7478a56970374cbed7d,人们调侃“不能吃辣的人正在被周围抛弃”6f52cec7482aa08ee5b91ec3e4521171KjVjNmVjNmE5MjAwODA=

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKqypc-i

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKqytcei

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▲《中国城市食辣报告》MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubCWjYqdqrF3eZ2woqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKq828ui

即使在最能坚守鲜味与清淡的广东JDVjNmVjNmE5MjA1MjQ=,辣味食物也有了市场MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubCWjYqdqrF3jKyyoqGi,带点小刺激又相对温和的藤椒和胡椒2272ae4ceca2cf4098ce0535674bf22e,对广东人十分友好MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGaw27Gi46a5c48406f7f7e08edf6f291367285d0c4c7ef1

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▲胡椒猪肚鸡MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKq9zqmi

原本只属于河北一地的美食“驴肉火烧”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGSw28ei,在快节奏的城市生活中攻城略地94ec9dd64605a3d0beda4e51dee28fb0,渐渐有占领整个北方的趋势5e7ea36b0a633d35d008ca803beafc756d145f2ccffca54ec25185288d98fb07dbbe10bf

一锅好的驴肉18e1878de256831479c7ebca8caf35ed,卤水中的香料搭配是关键0af0af6a7ac1ad70cb333dd4b4338238c895f196。《风味人间》中介绍它是“味型各异的植物籽实、根茎661963a2a6e42e0c6f4426e28c2ee4ba,甚至树皮MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubCWjYqdqrF3jGSxyKGi,在不同年代e2850812362676b61e7ed44a08b3bf0853dd2560,翻山越岭41d89e9f6a684233277e31db65fe76507af350a9,辗转而来373f57845287f3aa832354e8a2012314。最重要的八角ITVjNmVjNmE5MjA1NzQ=,老家在2000公里外的广西”——像一幅浓缩的小型“香料迁徙地图”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGaxuLWi275f7b873e9b47c1b3feee7309e4b35094e197a5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKuwta2i

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▲河北驴肉火烧 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》8395aad25f0d325380654fc8e1c544756e2a6b65

如今在各个城市里开的越来越多的“网红”泰国餐厅af7fef078b37b88a6d05f9ecc8dda272,琳琅满目的香草和香料跨海而来e18372bd354217caf8d2e02d7a7a6619,征服了我们的味蕾IzVjNmVjNmE5MjA1OGI=,让我们得以品尝到以前从未感受过的、东南亚独特的酸辣风味24a08b53a9af8801eee8195e14c9233348026287MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKuwk7Gi

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▲泰式冬阴功汤和绿咖喱鸡 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKuxzr2i

人们口味的丰富MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQubCWjYqdqrF3jGe9sqGi,离不开香料的多样98095474b53f13476b94ccc98cdf0a61e8263f2d,香料的越来越广泛的传播足迹MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGSyuLWi,更深层反映的是不同地域人们的交流——在碰撞中理解、认同、甚至融合MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeGS8tbWi,恰如《风味人间》中所言:“人们不停追寻着香料的气息a3e049a5cdacd0774c25c09b1f616c40,既陌路相逢JDVjNmVjNmE5MjA1YmE=,又殊途同归”213fb64153879ee77b8af5ae9027e3eb0410a4b2af966e025f9bffd97a39f99184ba36db

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKuypami

你吃过哪些带有“异域风味”的美食?3ba0ef1189917bd559ac35a7489b9a1d

留言里分享一下吧~MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKuyta2i

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKuyuK2i

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7nOgqN3ZrGdeKu8uKmi

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[3]田汝英. “贵如胡椒”:香料成为中世纪西欧的奢侈品现象析论[J]. 贵州社会科学, 2015(7):53-58.ITVjNmVjNmE5MjAxZDI=

[4][澳]杰克·特纳. 周子平译. 香料传奇 : 一部由诱惑衍生的历史[M].生活·读书·新知三联书店. 2007.6e261e8c0e72964e5ffe36313d3b5b2e9267e74e

e78efdbc3b124814c1140af8c1d339c47c733ab0

XjVjNmVjNmE5MjAxZTc=

XjVjNmVjNmE5MjAxZWU=

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