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为了一粒胡椒,欧洲人打了几百年仗

要说冬天最有仪式感的入冬庆典MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfK2xpa2i,自然是囤货:JDVjZTRlZmUxYjlhMzg=

北方囤白菜177c696d5a8f5761fa8497d3fa0955f8,一半扔在室外66e26481b6b97321b86578460e83e8bd9944290b,随时取用cf088f68ecf818196bbb74b86bf151fb,另一半洗干净MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfK2xk7mi,放入调料做腌酸菜;南方则少不了做腊肠腊肉ITVjZTRlZmUxYmEzOTY=,肥瘦均匀的五花肉加上各种香料de3d8268b04f6ab37ea775489a9f64afe5138187,慢慢腌制0adaf96f27d7e3f5d2aaf2950f30d02478e6c3a6,再晾晒风干4ed74d1e60400bb6b8a8dbb798a8d7587653c895,是过年桌上最受欢迎的惊喜KjVjZTRlZmUxYmE4NmQ=7258964c759d2e5142d6e47f46ea9a46

5b96cbc2d79f5027e7f6929a708d4df4

524ad51d5d294686e48732de06947116224cdf87

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5uxzr2i

6706238c0314ea2f110eddc713e096ed

▲北方腌酸菜VS南方熏腊肠MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5uyqKmi

无论南北80031e99ba4995a0210312c0152a4699,想要延长食物的保质期7d4d90ef367326f883aef809de1ce1c8c61fc706,腌制几乎是人们不约而同的选择5891d9427853e0d12f762d0169fbfdbd,这一过程离不开香料7f162505694d587ccc72987d34903e19aaa1e85c0f5576f84525350035a60565ed83fa9d

604c333ad640568bcb120198c1182c18

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5u8y7Wi

“冷藏技术发明以前MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfK29y6Wi,人们用盐和花椒粉腌渍肉类JDVjZTRlZmUxYmE0MDc=,为其保鲜”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGex28ei。——《风味人间》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5u826Wi

JDVjZTRlZmUxYjlhZDg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5u9qKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5u9tb2i

▲花椒炮制的风干牦牛肉 | 图片来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5u9y62i

JjVjZTRlZmUxYjliMDk=

日常生活中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGOwpc-i,香料在家里也是再普通不过的存在XjVjZTRlZmUxYmE0Mjc=,炖肉时放上几颗MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGOwy8-i,收获一整锅的香气四溢ITVjZTRlZmUxYmE4ODg=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5ywqK2i

b73d83742e0e5b7be463e149a9b682c1

可要把时间往回倒几个世纪NWNlNGVmZTFiYTQ0Ng==,情形却完全不同——9d5aac70198b1928b0426dd04c7ed46a

 part.1264e12c5e6a0431f7ac2511eab4c5c16

 穿越回古代MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGOxpcui,带上胡椒你就发达了 IzVjZTRlZmUxYjliNDk=

e91bb5b38678d0c86f42d95dff61412f0c2d70bf

早期中国本土不能种植XjVjZTRlZmUxYmE0NjE=,胡椒是价格高昂的奢侈品1e0e6aa38a5f942b18c08e41cda31e6db1251427。唐朝宰相元载被朝廷抄家时5af58366e46b643ec9468d12fc1c9874,家中抄出胡椒八百石ITVjZTRlZmUxYmE4OWE=。明朝万历后期7d6c01650aa8fb70d393738337f5e273,一升胡椒大约要纹银六钱1e28d37001b094ffb12574fff16cbe0c,折合成现在价格将近600元NWNlNGVmZTFiYThhMg==MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5yxtcei

不仅是中国5479c8818e6b05cd9d593d92e1fd54a7cd700082,在欧洲ef387561fb780557b351d5118a530319,很长一段时间MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGO8tbWi,胡椒也和黄金白银一样ed186eda84b271c3f9926c0c4b66aa4b,是财富的象征24339aff1bca562cbecea55900082e06,甚至价格还要高于金银NWNlNGVmZTFiYThhYg==。法国俗语里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGO8zr2i,形容一件东西价值连城的方式就是“贵如胡椒”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGe8uLGiITVjZTRlZmUxYjliNmY=

 KjVjZTRlZmUxYjliN2M=

NWNlNGVmZTFiOWI4Yg==

64faf8cb859475c6ad1227368fe019e8

ITVjZTRlZmUxYjliYTg=

▲图片来源:微博截图11f96b3ec410a193a698df4069af27bfcf9a5154

老普林尼在《自然史》里列举了公元1世纪左右的香料价格:KjVjZTRlZmUxYjliYzE=

e021f0897089dd9e733377defa64fd14

胡椒4古罗马便士一磅、白胡椒7便士一磅、生姜6便士一磅、肉桂从5到50便士不等、一磅不纯的桂皮油价格在35到300便士、纯的桂皮油最高可以到1500便士一磅cd7d8f0d0aaaf398f17c01b71505c3c61edc05c6。而当时一名士兵的年俸是225便士MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGe8zrGiJDVjZTRlZmUxYjliZGU=

95eb8fea3958fad7ae74820194ea1db3a6b5aba3

也就是说NWNlNGVmZTFiYTRkMQ==,一磅上好的桂皮油价格差不多相当于一位百夫长6年的工钱97ff349e181a9364272647a1f8e7f6b2f42f9349JTVjZTRlZmUxYjljMDE=

NWNlNGVmZTFiOWMxMQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do52wtbGi

0b8a3fe7abd2ef5d341a3bdd58d061bb

▲古罗马时期胡椒价格高昂 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味实验室·一寸香料一寸金》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do52wzrGi

现在在饭店吃饭546511239be1b402c6cadf864f350d3617716726,假如发现自己忘了带钱018269f9aedb2309129d91396754174c,想要给老板几颗胡椒抵扣MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGO9tbGi,估计会被饭店老板打得找不到北6f96b8fd4140c5167725e074fd3834a960e95fa9。但在中世纪的欧洲KjVjZTRlZmUxYmE0ZjA=,则完全没有问题XjVjZTRlZmUxYmE0Zjc=,因为当时东方香料在市场上是可以当钱花的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGe9pc-iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do52w28-i

很多人的工钱就直接折算成定量的香料XjVjZTRlZmUxYmE0ZmU=,香料还可以用来交税交租MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGe9ta2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do52xpb2i

e33a9cc289d5258e7b19dc5abad5eea30dc76ec1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do52xzrmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do52xk7mi

3446f945d4d96b4dd399c055ad493ad5145e502a

▲你敢相信?当时的造假是“往胡椒里掺银屑”aceb57861f052b19afdfd907ad7d4258

10世纪伦巴第王国的帕维亚是重要港口2a9c082509eb69436b7ea5bacc324d57,政府对每名到来贸易的外国商人JjVjZTRlZmUxYmE1MTI=,征收的税金为胡椒、桂皮、高良姜、生姜各一磅1be07d897db645398c8f2100ff0c5cefbcff4a9c3f33e5b7f5c2ce2c3da644e5

查理大帝时期KjVjZTRlZmUxYmE1MTk=,热那亚的圣菲迪斯教堂曾以收取一磅胡椒为租金d89e154759daeb3cbb236ff16823f402,1937年英王对康沃尔郡的郡长收取的租金包括一磅胡椒MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGe9y7Wic0456a2d379b78a29469f042cc9edbf4c9838c3a

JDVjZTRlZmUxYjljZDg=

胡椒作为象征性租金支付一直延续到上个世纪90f8286a2c3e612147f292558c07a698,1976年纽约的一家教堂用279粒胡椒来象征偿还自英王威廉三世以来美国所欠的租金e4e8b288e293adfc04a255fbb6b16f07IzVjZTRlZmUxYjljZTg=

IzVjZTRlZmUxYjljZjQ=

e8e7a845704596838f3cdf362237f4453717edb9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do56wpbGi

▲1976年MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGSwzq2i,英国女王访美MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGSw262i,在纽约教堂里接受了279颗胡椒216149e87bf6b83f6727512cb6e3d69f,作为自英王威廉二世以来美国欠英国的租金8fb113578d987021915f7eca7de72e49MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbnRjop4mrOKiKuwyKGi

因为高昂的价格MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGSxtbGi,拥有香料渐渐成了身份的象征9239627df74bccd5d9c318aa88605395。丁香8cc49c76cc5ae07df83e288ae14e5925859aa6e9,胡椒和肉豆蔻不再是简单的食物9dc97aa30c909019985b23b2afd41793dd452ad9,它们顺利地与权力结合MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbnRjop4mr2Hoqux2KGia8a313390e992ccfad7cccf1efed2b34

ba0ed407aa48c146f33b47795d0864f4f42e776a

d32648d946ccee9ba3163846495a137db0f03d6f

子爵阿德马三世宴请到访的公爵威廉九世时57297fdfabf62c15e9404cac307de01af3f0f529,发现橱柜中没有摆宴所需的胡椒MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGSypbmi,无奈只能派管家向邻近的贵族去借JTVjZTRlZmUxYmE5Mjc=。贵族向管家炫耀了家里堆成山的胡椒IzVjZTRlZmUxYmE1OWY=,他甚至只能用大铁锹去铲2f981d6f6314701a01f724cb1b7b59f8e3386b21。——《香料传奇 : 一部由诱惑衍生的历史》a0ab23877f6ac749515e7025640154669ea36323

据记载5d81c733bca4d8374eca62eaab4981fb,14世纪初法国国王查理四世的遗孀珍妮的厨房中226ee32b8921751397b6c1a573569d5b,有胡椒6磅、13.5磅桂皮、3.5磅丁香、1.25磅番红花、半磅长胡椒10dddb879fc80fc236ebc93d6b014f4b,以及少量肉豆蔻皮和多达23.5磅生姜8f65ca0aa6f41463a40496510e0e7706。你瞧QDVjZTRlZmUxYmE1ZDk=,如今看上去再普通不过的香料MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGS9qK2i,当年是法国皇后才能拥有的奢侈品MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGiw28ei。 a43b499bfdcea76f20c81a82817751b3

c324018608728b0b52b77f101bbc102fbebb9bca

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do56x262i

JjVjZTRlZmUxYjlkOGQ=

▲19世纪法国的一个香料铺MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do56yqLmi

 ec64efd0b0fd1e19836876103c7d33d2

 part.2a843ce0323ac5d9f722813026171560a

 一颗胡椒引发的百年战争 1c02acef8bf93497e132ab9b63a4e0ccac09b698

 cad22597f4cc3734d1e76f1036de77f6efbc65ac

为了让香料变得“日常”ITVjZTRlZmUxYmE1Zjg=,无论中西方8321f7cca035e496a503e331f04b6622c1bea3a6,都经历了漫长过程aa50fd8702896e81cac7fd9035fedcef0d276cceef36065aef160aa206a2b3d2232b5c4327d597a0

中国从汉代张骞通西域XjVjZTRlZmUxYmE2MTM=,西域商人开始将各种珍贵香料运到长安等地售卖NWNlNGVmZTFiYTk1Mg==。明朝郑和下西洋8cad3093728dc3bbb3b46ea068b4c6c0bf3d73f1,极大地方便了和东南亚国家的贸易往来c9adf5f85f9fc318803687a6eddb0674,从此有了源源不断的胡椒供应85eb0eda48886b4d4ac4ed15092c91a8f4165a573dc8995be9c39fc4a18357571fe1079d

IzVjZTRlZmUxYjlkZjc=

JTVjZTRlZmUxYjllMDI=

NWNlNGVmZTFiOWUxNg==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbnRjop4mrOKjKu8yKGi

▲郑和出使西洋所到国家或地区与郑和船队贸易的香料品种MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5-wy8ei

12425d6003287e010097f76a7356b88c

相比于中国获取香料的平和手段8992676aa5e9993ec7783b94e31216ae,欧洲则要惨烈太多394ed7c841b660c065223f399e7ea928853f9e8e。从古罗马帝国的兴衰到新航路的开辟23d723d22ac9f4873c2e92abd0ea7ccb2f147595,欧洲历史上桩桩件件的大事c9538a76d0ee99d8330d90fb5d7fd8232921d849,背后几乎都弥漫着胡椒辛辣的味道8282d3b62a36459eefd5112e9366b03d7b362aa4ca82d7b86cbd5473d6dd0786

公元408年QDVjZTRlZmUxYmE2NmM=,西哥特人的首领阿拉里向罗马人索取黄金与胡椒遭到拒绝bd46d1c6292373d14a72ddc29e149752,于是直接率兵攻陷了罗马MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGWxk6mi,退兵的条件之一9ca33aee48ce3968160ef458e032f0c2,就是要罗马人上交3000磅胡椒ee9da4a6c577c906568d292cfb48afa7NWNlNGVmZTFiOWU2MA==

JTVjZTRlZmUxYjllNmM=

8e47a0a5d225daca7a77d9931425bfb7

c46f255935ede4b7b723af9db21392acb289f80a

d3317ba74a467b3ef3e52b0f98325bfe51d6a7a0

▲《马可·波罗游记》记载 :印度奎隆王国收胡椒的黑人050a6f08d521e145f57e86ee889ebe5d3363b125

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5-yuLmi

公元476年d08970002f5bfb911851bf9c8b79a0dc6ab867e1,西罗马帝国灭亡后f5750dae066fd1485fd5e46304c513ed6414dbd6,东西方之间的交流曾经一度中断c282ce78417f44d28bb62176a8ec3b10dc376ead,使得胡椒几乎从欧洲人的餐桌上消失了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGix262i6559a350ab762edca325137b95b5b130

这时候想要获得胡椒MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGW8zrmi,需要经过印度和太平洋小岛上的土著——阿拉伯商人——埃及商人——威尼斯商人的层层转运02ed7947c5e9113432a36426156f9fe42e93de4e。当胡椒最终抵达欧洲港口时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGW8272i,价格已经是原产地的四五十倍e881e213bfc69267c94b6f12071b4ce4MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do5-8zq2i

 8a0368f83fd2d5610495c2049bde49e8

JTVjZTRlZmUxYjllZjI=

JTVjZTRlZmUxYjllZmY=

f665d505d455adccc3fb1195dbf5703a957258e3

▲《权力的游戏》中魁尔斯十三巨子之一的“香料王”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do6CwqLWi

巨大的利润让欧洲十分羡慕嫉妒恨065495dbdf9d459d83212bc2bec116cf。在11世纪到13世纪da3230ef443e7a55527cf43a80360614e3c80264,罗马教廷先后组织了8次“十字军东征”ITVjZTRlZmUxYmE2ZTI=,目的之一就是掠夺东方的胡椒和其他香料c986919f54d8763630e3785742f0fc2cJDVjZTRlZmUxYjlmMjg=

7a83e9abd07dcf4a9c4c7969181fc36328606d74

在第四次十字军东征中01c28b25c25ff125fe3c146b22f7209a65515f2e,教皇乌尔班二世直接在宣布向耶路撒冷进军的圣战计划中公开宣称:“东方是那么的富有77ae89c5979e62e2be2310057b0c1d45007e11ec,金子、香料、胡椒俯拾皆是……”c4d826db904b836cc0f8453135f3cb1686da845f

 KjVjZTRlZmUxYjlmNTE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do6CxtbGi

JDVjZTRlZmUxYjlmNzE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do6Cx27Gi

大航海时代来临6cb51e104f1ec51cb4fa92449247a864,达伽马绕过非洲进入印度洋MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGW9zrmi,他们利用坚船利炮打开了印度门户MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGawpcei,控制了亚洲航道dac251886a08448ef41a48387a7228876c51fb3e,获取了胡椒、丁香、桂皮、生姜、大料等不计其数的香料197779b3a9c472ff4f89d181779849d0788eff272b28a21d00b18da16aeaf0cb9f83561f

 241a4f038cbe85033cad7b898a0ce2cd876ce7c0

580e4a000980ab305604447b495d264d

9431d0b885c34f51e3799f22938d3178

c769afd1abc73c9d6403b3dfb923f081aa173b59

▲哥伦布、麦哲伦、达伽马等人的航行路线35a6a8ec8e04587ab280ddafb5563581

当香料产地的“神秘面纱”终于揭开cc253088222779ea630e9efdea78795f,各国为了争夺控制权42002700e3d9c5015a2819ba50aa9289,瞬间撕破脸MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGawy72i,拉开了“黑胡椒战争”的序幕4d0b89d3811de56c83ee4946b3daeacadc03b76c,从此东南亚开始了长达450年的被殖民统治——600ad750c7c8267c1b713ff6fa65340318c0cfdf

葡萄牙和西班牙最先加入到胡椒的抢夺3694e804ac9e5faac4873885850d8f8efeeaee92,随后荷兰人、法国人、英国人也都接踵而至ITVjZTRlZmUxYmE5YjI=。西班牙最终兼并了葡萄牙0d4242e68e6c8b4d2f1d19af235a260a,英国抢夺了西班牙船队MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGaxpcei,令西班牙从此一蹶不振67ee5a97b13f7fe870ab6958221d3a7ded1f33d3,荷兰又将英国的势力从印尼排挤了出去MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGi8y7miMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do6C9tbWi

QDVjZTRlZmUxYjlmZmI=

为了能够得到肉豆蔻的产地JjVjZTRlZmUxYmE3NWI=,荷兰甚至不惜让出了自己的土地:MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2do6C9zrWi

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▲英国和荷兰为争夺肉豆蔻产地发起战争 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味实验室·一寸香料一寸金》NWNlNGVmZTFiYTAzZg==

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对比曾经呼风唤雨、引得欧洲各个大国“冲冠一怒”的辉煌过去0764caf3c99224a8cb5cfb2096b60c244f5da51e,再看看胡椒现在的处境MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbnRjop4mr2HmmWx2KGi,竟然忍不住想要心疼它三秒JjVjZTRlZmUxYmEwNjg=

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 part.3KjVjZTRlZmUxYmEwYTE=

 香料的新“世界迁徙” 4deae322260ef90f3f8083bce5117f81

以前香料的旅程342c88d1937d489c268fcae1dca0075d091b76ef,建立在血与火之上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGax28ei,它曾经引发过大小无数战争QDVjZTRlZmUxYmE3ODY=,又让人类发现整个地球46fd5019c14b7d6a20cf304249377c2b。如今d775884ca32c424512ac3505dcafab37,随着不同城市、不同国家之间交往的便利16e6a2c8fe54742adba56e18b5a8af5b2b5c8f14,香料又开始了自己新一轮的“世界迁徙”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGi9qK2i362191dd4ed8362996c8f0bac39832fc

吃火锅时cde29005d4b716b5a6739699ed1a4c80,原本北方习惯涮羊肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGa8tami,川渝吃牛油QDVjZTRlZmUxYmE3YjA=,但现在麻辣已经占据大半个中国MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGa8y6mi,人们调侃“不能吃辣的人正在被周围抛弃”7375dbcdc735b5ca934186aaae0900c648825fd9QDVjZTRlZmUxYmEwY2U=

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KjVjZTRlZmUxYmEwZWQ=

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MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfKq9zq2i

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JDVjZTRlZmUxYmExMjQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfKuwy72i

▲《中国城市食辣报告》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfKuw262i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfKuwk72i

即使在最能坚守鲜味与清淡的广东JjVjZTRlZmUxYmE3YzA=,辣味食物也有了市场QDVjZTRlZmUxYmE3Yzc=,带点小刺激又相对温和的藤椒和胡椒MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGa828ui,对广东人十分友好MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbnRjop4mr2Ho6C8sqGi840d05e40b18db1db0b0830297068d57

cef66bc29b6b4db72403b2b1a22959dfe887daf0

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▲胡椒猪肚鸡MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfKuytc-i

原本只属于河北一地的美食“驴肉火烧”51b6e177346b0d753b45b4b474384fe8a414b4ae,在快节奏的城市生活中攻城略地4dc9409129f3faa2764ef7e9ed5b5f46e7f4d9af,渐渐有占领整个北方的趋势QDVjZTRlZmUxYmFhMGM=18493af68cd388a3b7ba211700cead5dfbf6f331

一锅好的驴肉4c6dc44c2e03257986b9310358e3304a,卤水中的香料搭配是关键1f3aa6ff5c6ff366baaa7ef922972851e2f80f36。《风味人间》中介绍它是“味型各异的植物籽实、根茎MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGa9tc-i,甚至树皮c3d6315fbf76442a1cb308c1b2470274,在不同年代IzVjZTRlZmUxYmE3ZmY=,翻山越岭06d7ade9ebabfb75c2f85193d5294148,辗转而来NWNlNGVmZTFiYWExYg==。最重要的八角MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGewpcei,老家在2000公里外的广西”——像一幅浓缩的小型“香料迁徙地图”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfZuwuLWi0523f32dd931a5c42c12322198373f74

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▲河北驴肉火烧 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》KjVjZTRlZmUxYmEyMDQ=

如今在各个城市里开的越来越多的“网红”泰国餐厅2a4d6168660e48b92c858446c04ed4e4d672dc67,琳琅满目的香草和香料跨海而来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGewuKmi,征服了我们的味蕾bfb6c8f50466d9c81206e8797836937b,让我们得以品尝到以前从未感受过的、东南亚独特的酸辣风味MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfZuwy7WiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfKywpb2i

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▲泰式冬阴功汤和绿咖喱鸡 | 来源:腾讯视频《风味人间·香料歧路》69d2084d76a37bfbb026352a2d15f373a485adc4

人们口味的丰富a6593fd4f0ed37ae5081ff2653b200de,离不开香料的多样NWNlNGVmZTFiYTgzOQ==,香料的越来越广泛的传播足迹MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfGewk6mi,更深层反映的是不同地域人们的交流——在碰撞中理解、认同、甚至融合31aaa84f3f88cd502b9d0fd3b92df9c14c81f121,恰如《风味人间》中所言:“人们不停追寻着香料的气息ITVjZTRlZmUxYmE4NGY=,既陌路相逢NWNlNGVmZTFiYTg1OQ==,又殊途同归”QDVjZTRlZmUxYmFhMzQ=1833aa993fb12900192dcdad85b5e5388d8682e5

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你吃过哪些带有“异域风味”的美食?7d484d9e73355fd9b3268ae99e47ff5e

留言里分享一下吧~8ef0deee22bd02316c5f72140fd93e19b5f216fb

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[2]伽蓝.世界因香料改变 历史因香料重构.新疆经济报,2011-12-20.IzVjZTRlZmUxYmEyZmI=

[3]田汝英. “贵如胡椒”:香料成为中世纪西欧的奢侈品现象析论[J]. 贵州社会科学, 2015(7):53-58.23fdc84b3476be225bd08c717311812348c4706d

[4][澳]杰克·特纳. 周子平译. 香料传奇 : 一部由诱惑衍生的历史[M].生活·读书·新知三联书店. 2007.JTVjZTRlZmUxYmEzMTU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfK2wtcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfK2wy7Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXQjqOHqb2gfK2w26Wi

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