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猫猫这么可爱,可是为什么12生肖里没有猫?!

天越冷cb18ff7e54b5d894d665611b18c2a65c,吸猫的病就越难戒2a2d1a32bb1ec39bb2146cf17af9197ea54920d0

柔软可爱293fdecf8df25c80b4d986d7a398c7cbce22cd5d,身轻体柔的猫咪7220b5317a0345afd5acb2a92350a4c7

简直让人无法拒绝3d69f2a0f3a9d895465c092e10a4df40

QDVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ2Y2E=

QDVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ2ZDc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiGW9qKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiGW9tb2i

3866788f6b884197749a4193283b3952208f8c54

猫猫这么可爱QDVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ3MTA=

你可曾想过为啥十二生肖里043044f7c56004e650e9b76bdfa041e4

没有小猫咪的一席之地?! 4b75cc7314155b49b8aa61a2404194cc

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZuE3M_Qgmh_ZrJ3mq2xyKGi

0200a8744bac8401b1ffa9fad64e2b17

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiGaxta2i

25cbf513f1a2fde692b5668530c0e45474b94cfa

难道古人真的是魔鬼6f8c565b339e236ac71fced130f390a5159e965d

对软乎乎的猫咪不心动?c45022742a9eb39fb303137f62b3673b

IzVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ3OTU=

bd8a4f75c35ae6224a9522648f7eebe3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiGa8tcei

f2a6625284b73864b414c0dec0767021

我们来看看到底是什么原因!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiGa826Wi

十二生肖对应的是中国的十二地支KjVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ3ZDc=

古代是12个时辰d6dd9f12d7d26e0969b65bdb7f18ce5693641933

每个时辰对应一种动物ITVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ3ZWY=

不仅中国如此b65bb22519102028291759fff6540341

当时的很多国家也有这样的动物崇拜ITVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ4MzU=

包括现在流行的十二星座也是这样881f9fe24d660b1a378786f86b04272783a10576

不过是将动物对应到了月份上1c1eaa21518dc47ce04e6bbf4dc3e1f4

XjVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ4NWI=

▲仅埃及和巴比伦把猫列为十二生肖之一b5677d3254e56eab4c0fafd9bd2ee18451845f12

 说到这里猫奴们要不服了da3e7324540ea921c59beb2bb0c39ac4

凭什么人人喊打的老鼠都进去了2877421d89af438d33e17e6ed77f436600772976

我们抓鼠立功的猫竟然没有入选! 76f15a46015bc5f463cdeb13c9e8c605601fe4c1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiGeytb2i

JjVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ4YjE=

dcbd31b39b10c296df2be0d7fdfb3b64b2723622

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiGe8zr2i

其实最大的可能JTVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ4ZDY=

只是因为猫传入中国太晚了8eb0c0ed60655cfff6c76b3d149e80732bd61626

944ea32b9ee9e577340fa855963fcee5

XjVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ5MDI=

d4f8b61b12ad407bedff1bca046828c2

ITVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ5MWM=

951c3714bb18d5be05ce4df5ef237088

十二生肖背后所对应的是中国的二十八宿9d5803345c69ec4cc5b3745d0d9a4ba8b45b0897

而二十八星宿出现的很早JjVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ5NDg=

那时候中国的猫并没有被驯化MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiGixqKmi

国外埃及被驯化的猫也没有传入JTVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ5NjQ=

存在感极低MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiGixy7mi

所以猫自然而然就被无视了IzVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ5N2Q=

IzVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ5ODk=

而且最重要的是KjVjOTc5ZTdjOTUxMWY=,古人也不傻MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiGiyqK2i

猫和老虎的差别也是看的出来的b1903c21424ef1f550360de4c45225d04004f22b

一山不容两猫科啊! XjVjOTc5ZTdjOTQ5YWY=

2a71da78380dea83c4a320fc968cf4493882f94e

57e9cdf688bc42b99d65db018bdf6c96525f4b54

5be5976bfee0267be3d2eb2be75593ba

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiGi9tbGi

一毛一样b2852f8aa0e4e5b390221f522de727f8

这不就是大猫嘛~!12c0386e21d212c71f400ef307033cd554ae2d83

同属猫科的老虎和猫NWM5NzllN2M5NGExYQ==

在很多行为上很类似MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZuwuLGi

be21237eea18dc99b506eb1a05c87ca5

4919e2f54772761a69e1904950063f0d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZuxpcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZuxtcui

古人很早就意识到猫和老虎的相似性KjVjOTc5ZTdjOTRhNzI=

《礼记·郊特牲》“迎猫d990e35fdc512f261563552ff341320a70d7e81b,为其食田鼠也;540561ff5e5cb49e198f52567719a85fabb7abb8

迎虎12d470f8f4dc0c6316285f1f085d5fc8,为其食田豕也c23c59341295545a2fb86e5d98806977,迎而祭之也”3eb888abee4e5b9386b2701ff6c162da5bc8d5ca33a7a2d3adaa2e101e7ea19567a9cd4027dab74f

大意是说e6b2427713fe84b11d6465ec69c20f3e,每年岁末天子必备牲礼迎猫祭祀0fa2fca1d9e930d8699082d0495760b38ead2720

以答谢猫咪们捕食田鼠、保护农产作物的功劳IzVjOTc5ZTdjOTRhYWE=

唐朝时候KjVjOTc5ZTdjOTUxNjM=,“虎”字为皇家忌讳4efd49cbde565c91fec12d6aa4fd89d9

顺带连猫也升级为贵族宠物 d1f70879aaea4834dbd08c3eef2344ff655406ba

b6a9f3f23a85df1746683094bf2a0ee696017eb5

KjVjOTc5ZTdjOTRhZTk=

6178a6baa77c1adcd461127c32b3485c

aac8ac720883a40185cfa90942645aa3

汉朝时候JjVjOTc5ZTdjOTUxNzM=,就有了猫详细的记载f24b1594ada277a32ab27bd262bb0b5b

不过人们习惯称之为“狸奴”f60fbfba79ea9ce40c4ed911c4be2d37c5a1ec0f

e70c4dd21e7fe81e02f191a4ee1496c8

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZywzrGi

2a65090db8adc9ab73305b442b6fb4e008d38533

JjVjOTc5ZTdjOTRiNTA=

545615a371887092c8168eec174974b34f89c256

0a57de1b096769ae8b5981358fcf2036

e1b8675606cdd0b8122c67558b7ac9dd48aa7518

▲宋·佚名·《狸奴蜻蜓图》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZyxk72i

2085ab410c83695e390e1730dd1069b13dc631cc

《说文解字》提到“猫”字的时候是这么说的:JTVjOTc5ZTdjOTRiYTk=

“猫123b2e3658e5aca5e2530d6c2420ec43efeb1e24,狸属MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHjKuypami,从豸ITVjOTc5ZTdjOTUxOWM=,苗声MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHjK2wzq2i。”QDVjOTc5ZTdjOTRiYjU=

苗苗苗? IzVjOTc5ZTdjOTRiYzI=

宋代的《尔雅翼》曰:IzVjOTc5ZTdjOTRiY2U=

“猫有色似狸者c257c72671649f2601714e61bb27c523,通谓之狸457871302515a729dc4378ebb25f7cfa。”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZy9paWi

可见“狸”是猫的普遍称呼7e4d66b254fe811eea98069ff02409fc

因此人们就给猫起了个小名叫“狸奴”JjVjOTc5ZTdjOTRiZmQ=

要注意IzVjOTc5ZTdjOTUxYmY=,这里奴字并不是贬义5ecbb8b227d40d40bea7dc67a7540c87ecc95104

而是爱称JjVjOTc5ZTdjOTUxY2Y=,类似于狗蛋之类的~JjVjOTc5ZTdjOTRjMWQ=

46cd8d5dd373ea14f20fac947a2436ca

8af7d8a69a140e7f31db3188d4bbbcd0

b491e0804e3d817f8538c6637e2dc4a6

▲宋·周文矩·《仕女图》6dcf7481b7c6b1df4c906756cd4562dc

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZ2xtb2i

古人给小孩起个乳名叫“奴”QDVjOTc5ZTdjOTRjNzE=

是爱称KjVjOTc5ZTdjOTUxZGI=,东晋书法家王献之小名“官奴”17163c410bdbb717ad4fe981fa12f69e1378e291

在辛弃疾大大名句MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZ2ypa2i

“斜阳草树MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHjKu9qLWi,寻常巷陌JTVjOTc5ZTdjOTUxZjU=,人道寄奴曾住”e9388e63faaa8abbca1db156663f6b554eecd3ec

里出过场的“寄奴”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZ2yuLmi

是南朝宋武帝刘裕的小名JjVjOTc5ZTdjOTRjYjg=

据说李白给自己女儿起的小名8d049e9b723d289216fd6fc5f7d35eee5e682e18,叫做“明月奴”d602e28647fe7879c691f87ffe391f4f17085488

所以KjVjOTc5ZTdjOTUyMGQ=,“狸奴”这个小名满含着猫奴的一片深情!QDVjOTc5ZTdjOTRjZDQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZ29pb2i

723a85c39fc80822cbb094f92824bdd9aea92713

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZ29y7Gi

▲清·沈振麟《猫竹图》JDVjOTc5ZTdjOTRkMTA=

QDVjOTc5ZTdjOTRkMWM=

但是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHjKywqL2i,猫在中国历史上ad1eedb844b97bdfced0ba684e548dcd

很长一段时间MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHjKywy62i,都是一个亦正亦邪的角色7504ce776d75db1a1030c46e73564c34

爱它的人疯狂纵容JDVjOTc5ZTdjOTRkNDk=

不爱它的人觉得猫是地府魅灵 2d7f1b3478476bbeb6845a0285d89c1a0cc5b1cd

之前很火的《妖猫传》里c8d1f571be6093ecf2bc09366d58febbc22124f6

描述的是盛唐时期MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZ6xy8ei

一只妖猫附身于人de4ed7b37962f78ba33141dc3b1509df8b04875c

呼风唤雨作恶多端的故事KjVjOTc5ZTdjOTRkOGI=

其实在隋唐时期029832285c67dba1958ad0d00b3f9dbe

的确有这样的巫术记载JDVjOTc5ZTdjOTUyM2M=,名叫“猫鬼”23b0c590c28953eb93e9e9c90ce9a95f

传说这是一种敦煌巫术MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZ68tcei

术士们圈养猫的冤魂6ae953d2feb806ef706fe638372352cd

让猫为自己作恶索命58eab48319288ee8768738659c8b25d13cdd835c

猫有九条命MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHjKywk7mi,并不是指猫命多21a4c1fa519382bb26744df6546fb6dc

而是猫能够记九世的仇NWM5NzllN2M5NGRlNw==

QDVjOTc5ZTdjOTRkZjQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZ69y72i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZ-wpb2i

JTVjOTc5ZTdjOTRlMjE=

隋朝时期6e2a37d9961bdd1399e326800f5b8bde88dd89fa,据野史记载KjVjOTc5ZTdjOTRlMmQ=

猫鬼之灾一度在皇室之间流传QDVjOTc5ZTdjOTRlM2E=

让民间人心惶惶4ea8dbfdeedd8f2d474fedc8aa21a86b

defff59127ee0cda316b2e3fe5ec32ee348b0504

9aed02e904ebc4908bf804201147aee5

 2df453d2e4f087220476d4d9ddb15efc

甚至连《本草纲目》里10019b228d4fabaa96b60fa99c9ee0ed,也记载了遇到猫鬼纠缠0a790fbc22f57926699ef08b881a2875d2f7a50c,该如何应对:猫鬼野道病fadf2256c1be68ac101b222bc8c253fa,歌哭不自由腊月死猫头烧灰d91eb277ed87ae3e745afd26d584370f82c34262,水服一钱匕1d595eb7a7fad4823d35ca97ca6694a9bc4613a0,日二7f51f3d8be74866a32d42780b3015e59MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiZ-x27Wi

efbe05ca6d100c0c491292b1fa7c682b7b4da162

以至于唐朝法律《大唐疏议》里明文规定:“蓄造猫鬼及教导猫鬼之法者MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHjKy8tcui,皆绞;家人或知而不报者970c04cf26fad443dcbb8319efb05f330bf00d4e,皆流三千里dd0aad0bb2a80eaaae6cb3778a5ee65ad0f5ec27。”ITVjOTc5ZTdjOTRlOWY=

IzVjOTc5ZTdjOTRlYWI=

NWM5NzllN2M5NGViYQ==

f04af9d548263273ead4bb4e39967feb

977219f13abf68287a5f614961ad1ed8

这也是为什么和武则天宫斗失败后的萧淑妃1eafb4a40fc0250e3fd88f78cdd4df1c

死前会说:7f95572173672b5692c689c56a3715b04ea8ed12

愿来世我为猫7c10cee4234b5c70ad616a7011790a7d,阿武为鼠f546843a4073e1a3b5ad77b64dfddaea,世世噬其喉c68b592433b283992840621ceae4331e12617856

47b97bb03febf2d427051ea8bfbf831b

但实际的真相是……JjVjOTc5ZTdjOTRmMTI=

JTVjOTc5ZTdjOTRmMWY=

猫由于脑容量比较小XjVjOTc5ZTdjOTUyZWI=,不仅傻c5553ca39e6c4d62fdcec188a691839e

而且傻了几千年了!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiaCwzrWi

4b7035a198de887f1c6e2893288de89ef2d799d6

IzVjOTc5ZTdjOTRmNTg=

94538199d900a169469b039b1079cea6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiaCxy8-i

牛津大学的研究者们XjVjOTc5ZTdjOTRmODA=

通过对511种不同的物种样本观察得出IzVjOTc5ZTdjOTRmOGQ=

狗的智商在被人类驯化之后得到了相当大的增长ITVjOTc5ZTdjOTRmOTk=

而现代的猫的智商5f93e3b011844a92d99c7437cc56e240699f0d98

与它们刚刚被人类驯化时的祖先相比MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiaC8tcui

并无太大差别……MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiaC8y7mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHiaC8k6mi

0c694af06c23d2b8fdf7b07ad0d41d87

a3543db4d095afe59c6f9ddd048af45861fd2ff1

b3a8968ac2c161ea8b009ba502febbf14830987b

JTVjOTc5ZTdjOTUwMGE=

突然857d86fffffc00d230ae7e8b9c8bd97424d7d486,有点心疼主子是怎么肥四?!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHjKqwqLGi

89dedc22c75075c8faeb2c1a1296203e

2be99f9b79b2f058cd108500a31447ef

a9b1d5f592df3847d743d86fa60ce568

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHjKqwk7mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHjKqxqK2i

所以猫所有的高冷、孤傲e17dc8c44f204aca42d0387b7d0b8071cf6b1dab

仅仅是因为它是独居动物而已8a9cc7ff98a3d86ce2397382298a39ef

本质上还是一个傻乎乎的毛绒软体动物!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCFtsaZjoqWm7OHjKqx27Wi

e02d7707c3edfa30dc84366d88c2703fcfea5339

咳咳4813e0b409678a729d88a30d4527542f10c1d1bc,不过话说你有时间研究这些还不如把主子伺候好反正它们都是永远冷漠JTVjOTc5ZTdjOTUzMTQ=,偶尔撒娇对你从不动心!还是老老实实的铲屎去咯~eeaa48b63bbdff409c6b955242351ac1

JjVjOTc5ZTdjOTUwYWU=

JTVjOTc5ZTdjOTUwYmI=

306e1bb418a2c24995e0e67d7ebf1b4e

- END -KjVjOTc5ZTdjOTUwZDQ=

JDVjOTc5ZTdjOTUwZTQ=

e44833fe779c87ebf425abc51769cce7cf8b3c37

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