× 拖拽链接特品特惠到浏览器书签栏 或 按键盘CTRL+D把特品特惠放入收藏夹,折扣信息早知道!【不再提醒】

扫描二维码关注特品特惠

当前位置:首页 >原创分享 > 正文
 

收藏

 

评论

分享

在东北,谁还没个远房亲戚能跳大神儿了 ?

e6cbd1d0ef31e27ea2118a744c581bd638f500c8

作者 | 庄庄JTVjZTRmMzBiMTkxYmY=

编辑 | 大锤MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoqu826mi

635ca9e4e44a14e0d4b48feecf58f1165d43d364

发烧哆嗦说胡话这类症状MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoma9qLWi,在你看来顶多也就是作妖吹海风吹多了98ca3dd5dec802eb218517388f36ed7a,或者半夜不老实冻着了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5u9zrWi。但在你姥姥看来2070c993bd1cde3d4b041deedc820f10,没准儿就是冲撞到什么邪祟了5e1e49a5b6b5507baec8fa11309c6358,得赶紧找个能看事的把不干净的东西请走813d9d64ce38b9176440fd736878be15MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoqu9pc-i

8a80f37e66df59703563e61af60ee2ac7bbf8c15

379bcf7302afdfad75bf880dc0600c27dc61c900

7102663e2d0297b4b4e8c73b7e6e5bd4

JjVjZTRmMzBiMTkyMDE=

在东北民间MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomewpa2i,从小到大你就算没见过“跳大神儿”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomewqLWi,也肯定听说过啥是“跳大神儿”ca6f62b2f4c985ac17708151f260b0ef。或者我们也可以用一个更正式的叫法:出马仙儿MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5ywtc-iNWNlNGYzMGIxOTIwYg==

 808d357db5fe45559fd1f38b6fa2b097

家里一旦有人得了癔症93318ac46c2825b06fa5fa45660b1426,老一辈人有时候就愿意找到传说中的“出马弟子”10bf1f040e2b5190e0997db794851889。说明来意了以后给对方递压香火的钱a11f0cbe59137dcab210ce51deefcacf,这出马弟子烧了香拜了堂口614d39daa1be5e2f60aacbbb1ac736c7,开始唱让人听不懂的神调NWNlNGYzMGIxOWIyZg==IzVjZTRmMzBiMTkyMWU=

QDVjZTRmMzBiMTkyMjY=

▲电影《哭声》中类似的场景68fbf55cc8ce4de2addae0fc5403d47d45d6c5d2

XjVjZTRmMzBiMTkyMzc=

随着节奏打寒颤f09cee1327455ebf7dc7816fe30573df,突然一个激灵定住0068da2084c8eba29cc9cb4b5c56d89d,说话声音和感觉就像换了一个人(据说是被仙家上身了)1e06c40d50460a4cf84b8e9bc1ade2f5,这时候就可以报出自家问题和烦恼MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5yw26mi598286ba71cdc12681c4ea24a48eed5c978a76d8

 6af53cf284e438e418e6966ffa48f8dd

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoqyxpc-i

d0df81bb8f60a6c2a270cc2c158724c457592413

“出马仙儿”的具体的操作过程通常五花八门稀奇古怪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5yw28-iMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbzegX17qbOHgGS9sqGi

dc5b2e2d874bd2245dc77b0409411275a71597f0

比如叫闹毛病的人抱着一只公鸡围绕某地走一圈(要是尖嘴恐惧症患者可咋整)83ad9ea505103fa5a85f8cdebc8a6a8e28ecf900,又或者把一个陶瓷罐子埋在地下148725a1f035e14ec6894e3b13044110d0aef606,午夜时分去路口烧纸人诸如此类……38fe36801a22a3fda706b28993af9951

eedad7875bdd86a015f584f9250480bef6b831fe

NWNlNGYzMGIxOTI4OA==

IzVjZTRmMzBiMTkyOTA=

840191c756178a6f979fb00997632124715885ab

778340dad96b7677407ae2c2f64b5f64

“出马仙儿”的文化在东北渊源已久b32849d955938585c2f03fb3c47cf0b7c40d5349,在东北的很多地区从事“出马弟子”这一职业的人也不在少数078ce00072b2b8b77dd8fba5b6ab687da894615f。所以你在东北经常可以听到这么一句话:“我们家有个远方亲戚MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomexy6Wi,能请出马仙儿NWNlNGYzMGIxOTg3NA==,改明儿让TA给你瞧瞧咋回事?”ITVjZTRmMzBiMTkyYWE=

JTVjZTRmMzBiMTkyYjE=

 part.1bcea60ffbff96be0323ce1ab7834a3cf

 骑马出山MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomex27mi,名扬四海 bce0baa57e78f19974015b997ec9875b

出马c764552225d63f359d77bf3d76c080f9,字面上看是出马打仗的意思XjVjZTRmMzBiMTk4OGY=,而“出马仙儿”则指的是从事“出马”职业的仙家80657d94993e1a3dfb5c6f022b06fbc0。出马也叫“看香”、“出堂”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomeytaWi,是我国北方地区的一种巫文化MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5yxtamiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoqy826mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoqy8k6mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoqy9pbGi

2578151c4b0df45882bd744ce33d8ae9

dde4c4267ba145702948ae90edda80e6

▲图片来源:sohu6cbd33290979f67673c0639dbdc4ac3b

“出马”在这里是一些修炼数百年后3e60c878bea75fa9f590444acd2b970a,附体人身的动物f007fbaa6fbb19647ab8548b83bf99c1f77ef8503892f7d305afaaede087ce29

9a0b025fbf955163afd2be847d114223

通常是指包括狐仙(狐狸)、黄仙(黄鼠狼)、白仙(刺猬)、柳仙(蛇)、灰仙(老鼠)在内的五大仙家MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomeyuLmi,民间俗称“狐黄白柳灰”(另外一种说法是狐、黄、常、蟒、冤魂)f1ee6d7c63ae3c371f5efd65ffe0431cJTVjZTRmMzBiMTkzMGU=

79bfb5e63a825d437655936df27db927c236edbe

47f7e9cf13e824d4f6f16212084106108c270f31

990acf14266407a494d4b17cac689748

JTVjZTRmMzBiMTkzMmQ=

▲《鬼吹灯之黄皮子坟》中的“黄仙”66308d09cad63a351178b9c79c64840ee8ab05b5

由于这些“仙家”不便以真实面貌和人沟通2d1ade39ae20e47cdf92cc51bd47b5268db3ba44,所以会寻找有“灵气和仙缘”的人IzVjZTRmMzBiMTk4YjU=,以附体的形式传递信息普度世人JTVjZTRmMzBiMTk4YmM=,因此诞生了“出马弟子”这样一个职业971a026a314c53c3b1a9c322d07ea91aIzVjZTRmMzBiMTkzM2M=

 NWNlNGYzMGIxOTM0Ng==

东北出马仙儿的称谓超级乡土接地气5a384989616e3167bd849bb973ee9fee。把道行最深法力最高的二位叫“胡三太爷QDVjZTRmMzBiMTk4YzY=,胡三太奶”60b72efccfafae44fb507a28af3c5ae4e0405403,不知道的还以为是家里的哪个长辈老祖宗KjVjZTRmMzBiMTk4ZDU=,怎么听也不像神仙的名字啊MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbzegX17qbOKgGa9yKGiJDVjZTRmMzBiMTkzNGU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoq2xqL2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoq2xtb2i

3cbaac200395bfa7c2cfa880712ef372

d122c0c55f208e928f78ddcc742eeea4fdac3bd2

▲胡三太爷ITVjZTRmMzBiMTk4ZGM=,胡三太奶的牌位像 | 来源:灵仙堂ed3898f731b475e668576b38021c84ba

受萨满文化影响较深的东北人086b7fd66ab595482bf7312d26a4cbb428c3c951,对“出马仙儿”的信仰程度比度娘知乎以及一切问答APP加起来还要高f5178ad6eadec66894d2ac967f6615944da19e62。基本上大事小情都想请大仙儿过目一番:91cb126969cfe1231ef5c49dedc6eaa5

“最近总是头晕眼花病恹恹的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHome9tbWi,请大仙儿看看吧”;QDVjZTRmMzBiMTkzODM=

“孩子老大不小了还没对象XjVjZTRmMzBiMTk4ZjQ=,请大仙儿看看吧”;MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoq2ypbWi

 “下个月搬家有没有啥说道啊8516b5962ed43313d2efa6fda20dd835,还是请大仙儿看看吧”;JDVjZTRmMzBiMTkzOTE=

……MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoq2yta2i

311723f04017cfb87cd150dddc02ba6ee57ac053

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoq28tbWi

KjVjZTRmMzBiMTkzYjU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoq28y72i

▲图片来源:微博2883ff76fe5b48da73f0eb89ead09419

由于流传甚广MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHome9zrGi,“出马仙儿”也被记录在不同的书籍中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomiwpbGi,或拍成了影视作品08b772b0c7555b2fb94b8236c0684d52692c8c1c34c6b974988289844f289ad2fa4a131c

JjVjZTRmMzBiMTkzZDI=

萧红在《呼兰河传》中描写团圆媳妇75bd54088541a13b8eda35751a6aac58,便因为“黑乎乎的、笑呵呵”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomiwtbGi,大大咧咧没有媳妇的样子faf205ada7ccceb9efc81a0149deda4e,而被她的婆婆认为她身上有病有鬼ITVjZTRmMzBiMTk5Mjk=,时常整夜整夜地打她ca78cb59caa1904f1bdd8178502d06eb。后来更是请人来跳大神、甚至把她放在开水中煮……JDVjZTRmMzBiMTkzZDk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoq29qKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoq29tbmi

72d43c8d1756bc43cef871db7f6ec14b941d2cc3

ebf00fcc70dfbd54b3899335d956f77aee1a3a86

▲图片来源:《呼兰河传》KjVjZTRmMzBiMTk0MDI=

 part.2113d86017bfb90a71d90a06acb113bf06fae4107

 出马仙儿是怎么“占领”东三省的? 89d011fb933bde1bf4b23dfcac534d94734f4102

KjVjZTRmMzBiMTk0MWE=

“出马仙儿”是从萨满文化演变而来的7e17c20535daa218104d04f13a864442534cd316。清末民初QDVjZTRmMzBiMTk5MzM=,萨满教随着清廷灭亡而不复存在MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomiw27Wi,但“萨满驱邪”的仪式却在东北民间保存了下来QDVjZTRmMzBiMTk5NDI=,这也就是我们现在所讲的“跳大神”、“出马仙儿”37f557129c60a314a3e7b44daeb4d839ec56a1159577868b27b6b94c3cfafab610b26ff6

5f08bc48a09cd46310180b864d615c7e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomOwzqmi

8d0aa0f0359fd3d7dcfcf96158954cc2

NWNlNGYzMGIxOTQzZg==

▲萨满服装 | 来源:内蒙古博物院a0d55f115c9b41226b390744cd72b149

而萨满文化又是流传于满蒙游牧民族之中的一种宗教3cdb8ee08285450e9a80ecfd31af892ba8a657d3MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomOxqKmi

ITVjZTRmMzBiMTk0NWE=

东北实际上是满族的发源地MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomixpbGi,满族文化在东北文化体系中占有重要地位IzVjZTRmMzBiMTliYzA=。萨满教作为满族的传统信仰1e4eccf759410c18fa01f2d9136d6698,是满族文化的母源0a18a468649be14793b32e1376c58256c23d3395,它的很多活动仪式都对后来的衍生文化起到了重要的影响JjVjZTRmMzBiMTliYzc=70d77047f6c6e9004b1836c6b952e651e2afa70b

JTVjZTRmMzBiMTk0Njk=

比如说东北二人转4cd04e295b799050afba7294cf5ec107NWNlNGYzMGIxOTQ3MQ==

c4e837fb47b3c321f278991cda560450e5b3015d

5de371cbc1b5516ec240211f33c2f6377d4ca932

IzVjZTRmMzBiMTk0OGI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomOyqLGi

▲小沈阳与妻子沈春阳表演二人转 | 来源:中国经济网658525099a32a0391207b448b74c728cdc49eda3

随着清朝时期的“蒙地开放”和“闯关东”的移民潮MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomixuLWi,道家思想随着大量外地人口涌入东北地区JTVjZTRmMzBiMTk5NmU=,渐渐和萨满文化碰撞融合a4bcebc854e8dd0977547b6e41dce5e19fb7519fQDVjZTRmMzBiMTk0YTQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomO8tbmi

从“堂口大仙”的称谓与其供奉方式来看948ac2b91b7bbd454bd23c4a0007dbf5,“出马仙儿”文化也透出浓厚的道家色彩ITVjZTRmMzBiMTliZTA=。如贴对联ITVjZTRmMzBiMTk5N2M=,供上方仙(玉皇大帝、王母娘娘等)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomixk7Wi,三月三、九月九办庆典等224d5fb3296c19d81f979dbe27b441d90c0c2a59aa02fbda50aa066b7ad8ed77d225ff0d

 KjVjZTRmMzBiMTk0YmI=

1a256c0174a60bbde65090bcea221e16b0090bfd

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomO827mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomO8k7Gi

▲萨满服出马仙儿堂口 | 来源:微博QDVjZTRmMzBiMTk0ZDk=

再追溯到更远的年代965bfb7ed270dcfec7af094f26cb6e44,战国初年到汉代初年的《山海经》a9b9815aada1f17b3110c24444353d94b629ea6b,晋代的《搜神记》d62f9994dcef2be236e8def0f950a5728a307342,清代的《聊斋志异》等故事中都有许多关于“狐黄”的故事fed42d5557ff9a7d15c427b58c8e15d8,动物仙化逐渐成为一种民间信仰ITVjZTRmMzBiMTliZjE=KjVjZTRmMzBiMTk0ZTE=

edba2e39dfdb95ef6f9c9b17c3233350

c77aeec878cceb1d656239aeaeb8f004

bf33bb046a22c300e0559fb0bdc6e22c9a462b75

2dc86f3919ccbc20af0574983b3fd10f

▲九尾狐  | 来源:《山海经》9edc4f32c970adf42698e4e92e5be7c3

曾传辉在《中国民间信仰的属性》一文中概括了民间信仰的三大特殊属性:弥散性、实用性、地缘性3e0b0bf526bc8d7e0fdcd32a388960a1d596dacf。从社会结构来看MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbzegX17qbOHo5u8sqGi,“出马仙儿”的普遍化与民俗文化变迁以及社会结构、经济结构的改变不可分割MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5y9zqmifc433c36fea709d2824fdebbcd7f5417620c368f

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbzegX17qbOHjKuw2KGi

比如清朝以后的很长一段时间内东北地区战乱不断NWNlNGYzMGIxOTliYQ==,经济萧条社会不稳定6fc83583952cfe00496d8fe215e669c1,这时候人们往往会寄希望于神灵82658cf0e59239260bc42874da8e72dc。再加上后来少数民族文化(萨满)和汉族文化(道教)的交融JTVjZTRmMzBiMTk5Yzk=,被予以众望的“出马仙儿”也才得以应运而生ea02b172418dd236835412b20de9b4f2674dc642,并且迅速“占领”东北地区MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo52wqLWia40358ef0a7b8faface87a43b82e16be08d1bb78

XjVjZTRmMzBiMTk1MmE=

cf42ea1dc3f4a11c62ddb986286afb34ffd996cf

5b4a1f56c9e8eadffbffbc63e0f91537

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomSwk7mi

▲闯关东 | 图片来源:韦辛夷a3ab241f2931c07dd0b65d8ef394b247707ca525

直到现在0e6d66e223f5dc6c95eed2c5313dbe11f7d11e9c,东北仍会有年轻人对“出马仙儿”深信不疑JjVjZTRmMzBiMTk5ZTM=,甚至连考试毕业什么的都得提前问上一问:85195d5139ad891546eecc0ad7673b43a8d8fb0a

66dfb60fedbb1b76c305ec1a68a64a0b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomSxuLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomSxy7mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomSxzrGi

▲图片来源:微博  MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomSx27mi

并且这并不是个例JjVjZTRmMzBiMTljMWI=。数据显示“出马仙”这种文化在当今的东北社会仍旧具有相当大的影响力XjVjZTRmMzBiMTljMjI=7b981b1e62a51d76ad3a63e9bd21a0db

JTVjZTRmMzBiMTk1OGM=

QDVjZTRmMzBiMTk1OTM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomSytbWi

775b683e5f798d99199fc241e951f237

▲必应搜索上查找和“出马仙儿”相关的关键词数量统计 | 来源:《互联网时代萨满教的公众关注及存在形态研究》2eead3dbe4008095bf2d2900530fb781e821497c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomS8tc-i

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbzegX17qbOHjZyw2KGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomS8zrmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomS828ui

JjVjZTRmMzBiMTk1ZDc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomS9pcui

▲关于“出马仙儿”的帖子数量统计  | 来源:《互联网时代萨满教的公众关注及存在形态研究》JjVjZTRmMzBiMTk1ZTU=

不过现在的出马形式确实比过去简单且丰富了NWNlNGYzMGIxOWMyYQ==MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomS9tb2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomS9uLWi

不一定非得再闹堂口跳大神32d164e76321cb56902cdf2b99730dd7913c1bb8,一般上柱香坐堂口就可以了44be9fa76eb2fc138ea7ef0b25162273982fc23c。出马弟子们解释说这是老仙儿们体恤世人IzVjZTRmMzBiMTk5ZjI=,减少对出马弟子的折磨d936386574c227e5012c475bf57751dc2b08e877a47f450f64c23b8f97dd00259a93afca5e993ec7

2b72b53590507fe3c2ad86bd202435c815589271

94f905b96314902bea337abb5becc7e3

bcdb8b781ecf768a173e143f82f53f282d7a99a6

007ad9897ad080554de64a6a8d8debe1608a02e1

▲在某宝上搜索关键词0ab7ca6cb51e3fd61ff9815aa90b14dabd4f5282,居然能找到千万家店铺ecb2cb3ea210adc64e5867f985e38e9d,可见出马仙儿也是与时俱进的MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbzegX17qbOHkKu9sqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomWwy8ei

 part.37478292ef012114986566528fb78e87f

 南茅北马01ff880eeceedf58f752c9a6b4618098,仙姑神婆 6d348edbf0d2a70c702a70fb26108e7eeccff927

东北的“出马仙儿”流传甚广70a90956530cdbd3dd993048985c2dc9346a2be1,那么南方又有哪些相似的民俗文化呢?KjVjZTRmMzBiMTk2NDU=

 602cfdafe783e8b001605ea9182c61bf50461f8d

“南茅北马”QDVjZTRmMzBiMTlhMWE=,这个“茅”就是指南方覆盖率很大的茅山术JTVjZTRmMzBiMTljNDc=。南方茅山道士多JjVjZTRmMzBiMTlhMjM=,北方出马弟子多2c8069ed9223af7d0f5f4711ccb4e62f。茅山道士和“出马仙儿”肯定不是一回事KjVjZTRmMzBiMTlhMmM=,但南方的“请神文化”却有异曲同工之处MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo52xtaWi8b13e3ecf2cef55a7d7163ace591f2623454c36e

9088d0f1355bf0b78cf159ae4e6ef0f467748390

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomWxuLmi

0c7a1d23c048cf50999f6cba1f9b8f96

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomWxzrmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbzegX17qbOHkGaysqGi

在南方农村792825e3d7d90c68da5500a2dbe21375,人们遇事会找村里的仙姑神婆XjVjZTRmMzBiMTlhM2E=,她们会请死去的亲人上身说话MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5uwk62i,通晓过去未来a4ab54150411f17d3f3a5a9e62e3a5e6。这和东北的出马仙儿很接近84f7991dbdc2c936310ada10cfec188d,只不过请来的本体不同JDVjZTRmMzBiMTljNjQ=351f1680ce05ebe2876e58132fe30d69

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomWyqKmi

贵州西南的某地两三百户人家就有四个神婆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5uxqLGi,其次道士的数量也不少45d2a5106546dc90602775b3af2e376595613c54ffb53a28fb8460c196ca865d452a06d7

8d66d702ad53dc62884ce07ea73929f3

6a75ea1f6c93d76a42d0fd8f0278593d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomW8tb2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomW8uLWi

 ▲图片来源:贴吧6650ca9b3ecd50505790f7e7da5482a4

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomW8zr2i

每个神婆的请神方式也不一样2931881bed40543c2f809391f0cd3cf17e337654,有的是用“问米”(传说中一种可以将亡魂寄身于神婆的法术)4bd60469494ca1778ede9affd88e2073,有的用鸡蛋ab2dd1c26e334e9d611ade3518e854e27112a304JTVjZTRmMzBiMTk2Y2Q=

KjVjZTRmMzBiMTk2ZDc=

QDVjZTRmMzBiMTk2ZGY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomW9taWi

ITVjZTRmMzBiMTk2ZWQ=

▲天涯上某楼主的亲身经历5ef0ed5be53340211d0aa13f21c79eb539e6a740

在香港九龙有一座非常有名的庙宇IzVjZTRmMzBiMTlhNmU=,叫做黄大仙祠MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo52x27mi。相传祠内所供奉的黄大仙是“有求必应”的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5uxzr2i,十分灵验4301dd80f1dc033ef18640ab9120bcda8efbb0e2a7e72b056ba031b4eea383e840aa25fa

78173e2c2400de90fcb2e8c317ff9b4f

6c4bed8771ba2a8b6440f47cdfb712b4d4f8ccfc

10c200eaee9e638b1a4d2ca06360bee2

642a54f983e6977b0196627043cbe90d

▲黄大仙祠熙熙攘攘的人群 | 来源:太平洋电脑网JjVjZTRmMzBiMTk3MjU=

但是这个“黄大仙”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5uxk6mi,与东北五大仙家里的“黄大仙”说的完全不是一码子事QDVjZTRmMzBiMTljOGU=。香港的这个“黄大仙”是以行医济世为怀的赤松仙子e901c9ccfcd47821dc834e380a20a1c3,大家千万不要将两者混为一谈MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo52yqL2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomawy72i

 8494f36aea85557d5f9354a2c53561f8

其实不止请神文化MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKEqbzegX17qbOKfGe82KGi,中国的各个地区也都着自己独特的民俗信仰08bdf450efd98f57ea22813389af4064。就像潮汕人拜神、草原人信奉图腾一样f1400a8c0385224171218ca21990e6ab,抛开迷信的成分MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5u8taWi,归根结底还是为了以本地修成的神明7982f6cd9bb48fac18b4bd5e4e4a0b732a034d5f,保佑一家老小之安康6b4185f621bbae97a0dcff565a9e0322e897057ea21d647ebe6fc547e1e8d696

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomawk7Wi

024a530fa7293000ad7be7a62ca87a5f

6f31c2d3cce98050a611f2687ddc1fe28b6d194a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomaxtbGi

[1]任桂淳.清朝八旗驻防兴衰史[M].北 京:三 联 书 店b10b206c887e61178c62b166aa443d9e,1993ITVjZTRmMzBiMTk3NjA=

[2]方拱乾.绝域纪略[M]//佚名.黑龙江述略:外六种.哈尔滨:黑龙江人民出版社ed75237c724100a446317f0bf6d68283,1985: 111-112.XjVjZTRmMzBiMTk3Njc=

[3]丁世良b22f139b128e867cd2761356717bcbd9ebaa6ccb,赵放.中国地方志民俗资料汇编:东北卷[M].北京:北京图书馆出版社c07b359ecc95cc5edfce4410f75a12d0a3fa87b4,1989:173.74085591a3108802a88bbe4052fe1e8a48a39d19

[4]曾传辉 :《中国民间信仰的属性》JDVjZTRmMzBiMTlhZDc=,《宗教人类学·第一辑》fee7118cc81e5a369e0371c2a4ba9385da3064ba,金泽、陈进国主编23a32cc7cf419067f45cb8e24d581f917fad1e92, 民族出版社JDVjZTRmMzBiMTlhZWM=,2009年版ITVjZTRmMzBiMTlhZjM=,第 362 页.MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomaxzr2i

[5]海宁.我国东北地区狐仙信仰的调查研究——兼与日本狐崇拜比较[J].世界宗教文化,2019(01):61-67.NWNlNGYzMGIxOTc3ZQ==

[6]王伟.互联网时代萨满教的公众关注及存在形态研究[J].世界宗教文化,2016(04):38-42.d6c6a9d2167c657363fa5ded6efe5a15b91833a1

[7]姜小莉.试论满族萨满教对东北民间信仰的影响[J].吉林师范大学学报(人文社会科学  版),2011,39(03):23-26.IzVjZTRmMzBiMTk3OGU=

[8]知乎问答:东北的出马仙 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHo5u9y7Wi,保家仙怎么解释?43ffbf34f170a150f746e60d5bfa12c613758f54

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHomaytb2i

QDVjZTRmMzBiMTk3YTM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoma8tbWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrXRgbB0mrGHoma8uK2i

KjVjZTRmMzBiMTk3YmE=

XjVjZTRmMzBiMTk3YzI=

b9df9ccde76d295e13d530d9889070fd886158b1

774cdb59d2f52d7ecd965e3473fba1f768db5d7c

a2d6a1241cf3e803e3c5035a2e71bac66544c0d5

上一篇:Converse 匡威 Courlandt 男子休闲板鞋

下一篇:第二件半价 瑞珠聚乙烯醇滴眼液20支眼药水

举报

大家都在看

正在加载,请稍候...

评论(0条)

 
发表评论请

正在加载,请稍候...