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古罗马人为什么沉迷于性狂欢?丨历史八卦咨询处

罗马讽刺诗人尤维纳利斯说:“如果没有找到男人a14a4503d2d24a6b4bd432272120fa21,她们甚至会找一头驴子借以发泄……因为这些处于疯狂状态的女人是什么都干得出来的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHfZ6xuK2i。”f971ccf3367acec5f094dd0e57bfd3d79d08b401

IzViNGU5NTk0ZTgyNDI=

这句话不仅是在说女人dfe76a02ca39e72b91006fae0cbe19b7d98904d2,嘲讽的是整个罗马社会的“淫乱放纵”8d45dc8fec660454fbdd9c6ae14572c0710fa0b607fd473421f6a29609b9c904

f22c97d74a0b582490c6b299c7149d54f5968e4d

信仰众多神灵的罗马人同时渴求狂欢的欲望17502796ed38ba0e911d4d42a2136112d46d104c,就像洪水一般势难遏制MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHgKqxy8ui。罗马人腐蚀了他们的神363bda682e08e7bc030bbf9c9ceca100。当所有的神祇都不再有新的借口来“牵头组织”狂欢时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3eZ69pa2i,他们便制造新的神祇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHgK2xy7Gi。这个荒诞的循环9ed7f988c8329bb14a9aed3723deb0eb,影响至今MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbiZgoqdYrGHgGO9qK2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6HnmSxqLmi

接下来你将看到:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6HnmW828ui

0e6b8beb29e5a7ab31d8637b6b43eb15

     ● 狎妓08b457662d777b7a7757be1085744a84,是罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容IzViNGU5NTk0ZThhYmI=

    ● 祭祀神灵名义下的性狂欢MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQts6Vg4qEnbN6gKu8yKGi

    ● 罗马风气3766baa8e57d0eb24285578076270590,天下不绝NWI0ZTk1OTRlOGUxZQ==

d9a8ca33a12dcc2b32398474e4e90ca8

李书崇 / 文QDViNGU5NTk0ZTkxMTU=

摘自《性文化史》JDViNGU5NTk1MDE0NGU=,已获授权e22b4df820212086a3813554e91739527ebaca8e,有删减NWI0ZTk1OTRlOTI5NQ==

5f62068efcf40b68473c06c0d11a0064

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6HomOwk72i

狎妓JjViNGU5NTk1MDE2ZmE=,是罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容KjViNGU5NTk0ZTk2Y2Q=

-+-QDViNGU5NTk0ZTk4Mjg=

bed28abe18b2be8a42d9ff8adea75d0e

罗马人跟希腊人同属印欧种族MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF3fGaxpcei,大约在公元前1000年左右他们从欧洲北部迁徙至意大利半岛bc0641b1a48200a80ba596ee82284513d2fd1560,活动在罗马附近KjViNGU5NTk1MTI3OGY=d5f67862f4cfba595783fa91f6ec551a

XjViNGU5NTk0ZTljNGU=

公元前6世纪末JjViNGU5NTk1MDFiMGM=,罗马人驱逐了埃特拉斯坎人ITViNGU5NTk1MDFjNjg=,接管了这个已经发展起来的城市国家MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrGHgGa9uLWi。这个骁勇善战的民族有一大特点JTViNGU5NTk1MDFkYzQ=,那就是非常天真a55bd663a1fd34eca987c57595ea7c9e04208b0c,他们什么都信802236a405804b1e80c6ee6d07e4822c。所以有人说罗马的神祇比它的人口还多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHgZu9tbGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6Ho52yuKmi

a8a7f3c7caa77d46db7e59a2278de32e

而他们所信奉的各种各样的神祇IzViNGU5NTk1MDIwYTI=,出身非常混乱b62788e5d1d30a344b1b0c7fa804d8c1776d992a,有来自埃及的IzViNGU5NTk1MDIzOTA=,有来自希腊的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3gK29tami,也有来自小亚细亚的e158efbe0d2160e06a626561cceec3a9d41f2436,查起谱系来十分复杂c2fb7b0ea9660d33cf6d4b5f541453ae4c79f631MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6Ho6Cxpcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6KfKq8y62i

KjViNGU5NTk0ZWEzMjM=

5b26012f4c21cddc7b4549646db87711

f32a6df5ee3aa52720df189657a0d0f8a96b1fea

● 罗马神庙a06132ba53c9a164a43d7e4e4cf9e5d58e05f31f

b209fe30cfdccd189b4013677f1206fc2c625907

比如说b96c2e8a08c3537eaf337205dd7a3c663c019797,他们的生殖神公认为匹里亚柏斯1b37a23d84c0a558a675028835cd15e736aa13ad,但他们把男性生殖器称作“Mutinus”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3gGi8zqmi,这“穆丁纽斯”后来又被当做男生殖神加以奉祀;他们放在爱神庙中祭祀的爱西斯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3gZyw262i,本为埃及的生殖女神4b1876e00c1f6a6d5c6ecb7b8a9096c4bf351dc8,与此对应的应当是埃及太阳神奥赛里斯1880cea9b5df37ac33b416dc16120cd17f26f98d,然而不是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF3gaC8k7mi,他们祭祀的是希腊化的奥赛里斯的转型——巴库斯JDViNGU5NTk1MTJmNmE=。但罗马人不管这个0ed998974b63792e96817a6754c0d091861a8a39,他们只要有个狂欢的理由就行d6b81109eb7aa819ae7c88ee844bac81QDViNGU5NTk0ZWFhMGE=

3e5a18d14c378ef0aedbe503b8c682dab557b085

在当时a739d995b4f1200313af7ff0cfc84bfffb30c7b5,罗马城中差不多每条街上都建造女神庙;雄伟的男根到处耸立e75a33a1e507188a54a424b767366444,抬眼可见MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHhKux26mi。每逢祭祀生殖神1a5b2c0dc57290bd38d2d492c25e2450,男男女女都裸体跑上大街MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3hGaxpbmi,相互追逐嬉戏;男人以皮鞭追打裸体的女人们MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3hGe8k6mi,女人们则故意躲避而实际上渴望被鞭打臀部MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3hZuxtbmi,因为据说挨过鞭打的女人会有旺盛的生育能力JTViNGU5NTk1MTM0MTU=MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQts6Vg4qEnb2KgZ28yKGi

0fa6c7f07ebbe5247e7508cfe26f702f

这种裸体追逐的游戏闹到后来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3hZy9y8-i,就会发展为疯狂的97820c9f3efe56d262e3ed9d8f1eedee

JjViNGU5NTk0ZWIwZWQ=

群交82ee09a7c79aca3a82eea448bc4faa032985b012d570b418348b04c5fbcb58dbb1706e8d0f0beaaa

 KjViNGU5NTk0ZWIzODk=

即使在没有祭祀活动的日子里51515181d2fd7f948cf1e5f18e2bb93f,罗马人仍然不断地受到来自环境的性刺激:公共浴室、理发店、面包房、旅店以及很多公共场所204c62cb704f9889fd6caff4f82d37db5e716f28,表现性爱的雕塑、壁画、标志随处可见NWI0ZTk1OTUwNDM2MQ==,琳琅满目MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHhGWwta2i55edbe44c891172d8dbf8a6ba030b75c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6KgGSw26Wi

在多次禁止宗教卖淫均告失败的情况下KjViNGU5NTk1MDQ1M2I=,罗马官方只好宣布卖淫是合法的MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQts6Vg4qHqLJ3jGi82KGi,但妓女必须在神圣的场所从事活动e64e6f7c205ee3b9ffe0e15ca0241cebbd5f03c1,并缴纳高额所得税XjViNGU5NTk1MTM4ZWU=ae765502881b7f4cd1734d1630b0e8a63ffbcda5

 ITViNGU5NTk0ZWI4ZWM=

于是圣妓们纷纷离开了固定的神庙440e469b9da3d6f4015cce2fb9f294f8,转业到了民间——罗马是个思想非常自由的地方941a123ba442c497aa8f7b197aeb7b1b9049c384,有数不清的神明、宗教、偶像JTViNGU5NTk1MDRjYTc=,也就有数不清的“神圣场所”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3iZ29y8ei,结果是政府的规定形同虚设MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF3iZ-x27Gi,罗马妓业从此进入天高任鸟飞的空前繁荣期;狎妓fe2b06ce5cfc7aedc905fd65c9e8fea113ad7d23,成为罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容183644c1d728f356e0df45c18333937c9ed1d2a12e21de927f14720c81d573d886b04f61

0f9fd8ecd08176b8f8ae39e898cd25e2cca89aa7

9c9bfc352768460dee5d62f14b9960322a136762

a0bc27bc5c5c4705c51efa2f47b1e8f9

JjViNGU5NTk0ZWJmYjA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYb6KgaC9zrWi

● 古罗马妓院中的色情壁画MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6KhKuxtcei

1883d04deeb8202405120a726389c1c862b02f37

69c21b09eeb2efc7a9a94517258ca4c8

祭祀神灵名义下的性狂欢a5e8a8dbf35378a78bac8330cc1c4e2ed9f8bb5b

-+-73afd148f51b2a6a72ee32f8c7378cbcb49ca990

ITViNGU5NTk0ZWM5YzU=

与爱西斯一同受到祭祀的巴库斯33af3991c34f45736d3de5601be54601,在罗马的“职称”是酒神QDViNGU5NTk1MTNiZmM=。这位酒神的女信徒自称Bachantes0a3c5f68b1ee9fd77eb953996d6e2539,男信徒自称 Bachants9bde8f60bbb987f7729d006c313afe98。不可理解的是ef53f5fe3d0f2a8d1f1ebdce90253ad1e01e93eb,酒神节一开始是在庆祝森林神的节日中举行ae496c46c8bef14cecfa57ac26e663dadb44692bXjViNGU5NTk0ZWNiNDM=

58fab855b2bb4535b21baf4905d22c04

届时JDViNGU5NTk1MDU3MWU=,信徒们头上顶着羊角和尖耳朵IzViNGU5NTk1MDU4OGU=,屁股后面安着羊尾巴XjViNGU5NTk1MDU5ZmU=,赤身露体骑在驴子背上QDViNGU5NTk1MDViN2U=,满街乱跑cd83cb7afcb9a24edebd2c5b8d93ba54,一边调笑MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3jZ6wzrGi,一边以阳具形状的容器喝酒;女人们则围绕在一辆装载硕大男根的车子周围bb29869cf394bd242a96451bfb574e09,狂歌浪舞1b824cae633baf14159d28f228c95f7b1ae4737f。游行之后就进入神庙MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3kKqwuL2i,男女易装相戏NWI0ZTk1OTUwNjMxMA==,恣意性交QDViNGU5NTk1MTQyMjg=829fdd7357902919a6d80bac1f879b86

 QDViNGU5NTk0ZWNmOTM=

跟对待宗教卖淫一样6edfd75d6a324cd723d8c509a231ee77,罗马官方对民间酒神节的禁止MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3kGO9pbGi,也经历了拉锯式的对抗ITViNGU5NTk1MTQzYjM=。在最严厉的一次镇压中甚至出现了&#42&#42件JjViNGU5NTk1MTQ1MmY=490802a8208718cee2e0bb44c40485d608b8dd20

 6aabb52d95fd6eba4cfc781f2322ce8f

公元前3世纪JDViNGU5NTk1MDY3YTY=,罗马统一了意大利MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHiGSypbWi。此时腓尼基人所建的迦太基(在今突尼斯)早已发展成为西地中海强国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3kGa9y8ui,与罗马相对峙JjViNGU5NTk1MTQ4NDA=。为了争夺海上控制权IzViNGU5NTk1MDZiYWY=,罗马与迦太基之间爆发了三次大战MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3kZ2wpami,史称“布匿战争”b7d0f9a11764f2ec381f712e9f747f204c7f0005MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6KiKy9y62i

f8ea09af072859f970c933082c02da16065d2b1c

正当罗马军队在艰难地跟汉尼拔率领的迦太基人拼斗时37a5bc6971acdb5c151b3cccd0bbc3ec,罗马政府发现JjViNGU5NTk1MDcwZjQ=,民间一直秘密地祭祀着从希腊传入的酒神巴库斯(Bachants)27bf1da33dec54500ac5db36c7b19d6ad8ee9933。这个在深夜里举行的巴库斯祭祀仪式MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3mquxpb2i,每月5次KjViNGU5NTk1MDc0NmY=,每次都聚集男女纵情欢会MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3mmO826mi,随意性交3ef6ba27be2c804678cc6bf2a4577d0a8a713de8XjViNGU5NTk0ZWQ3MWY=

 7ed132b26836477e679dd5823b2043ef

这次秘密活动最终被曝光JDViNGU5NTk1MDc3Y2U=,是因为官方接到一名叫希斯帕拉的女子报告267329c5de915f471dd4d45c5193479b,她男友的继父为了侵占男友应得的遗产MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQts6Vg4qHqLJlfGO8yKGi,怂恿男友夜里祭祀时扮作酒神巴库斯与自己的母亲性交af993172f83edb1617138d790aac94e8JTViNGU5NTk0ZWRhMjE=

 d618d13a76fc4f81b760d72415e7602728fc3790

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6KiZ2w262i

2d0a4b92b1b01ae961599660383269cf

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6KiaCwy7Wi

● 米开朗琪罗雕塑作品《酒神巴库斯》d66aee030a445d8817f5d9951d327ede

JDViNGU5NTk0ZWUzNzE=

励精图治的罗马政府立即作出了严厉反应:公元前186年罗马元老院对酒神节事件展开了调查XjViNGU5NTk1MDdkMjk=,跟着就处死了部分参与欢会的男子2dd2917e326f32238d4a1c6671f509de,逮捕了7000多名热衷群交的男女08df6f7a3e38e48fe10f126f862c628296d967c1,勒令其余女人回家恪守妇道f8663e0d7d961468c16bb413e0f5ddee1aa9f270。与奥古斯都大帝有着密切关系的历史学家李维ITViNGU5NTk1MDgxZGE=,在他的《罗马史》中详尽地记述了这件事情5fe5aabf730b40e274ffe2fb13dbd1b7132903855d5eae605da291e0700c3667af32090d43d4f67f

f12bd20d9c4ee935fd21802cace22096

更为有趣的是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3nqywzr2i,甚至连罗马人的善良女神也卷入了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6KjGW827Gi

ITViNGU5NTk0ZWU5NjA=

色情活动!9a0ab5f18366fa377ff18fbbad2e3e83

 971dfce376223612f5cf1ad53cfdb618

善良女神是位只属于女人的神MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF3nq28tc-i,所以在她的庆典到来时6e48fd3c271fdbcf409e474dcc0774cb,所有男人都必须从家里出去688fe25e8014231fc962c4da6ffa9d8cf8e5bbd0,把地方给女人腾出来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHjKu9uKmi。在这样一个没有男人的狂欢活动中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF3nmexpc-i,女人们疯狂地吃喝笑闹cea6896605d977fe0289556359a5ec07,开怀畅饮着掺有纯葡萄酒的混合饮料b8f69f0e655c184647bb8c41f110d990,大嚼牡蛎;在酒精和疯狂鼓乐的刺激下7e7fe52f9d97d746a5f4d3c2d56ad00a,女人们到午夜时已经不知道喝下了多少美酒4b8439eae32ad40d1900205b7da28701,这时她们开始拼命扭动腰肢MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3n6C8k7mi,一边旋转身体KjViNGU5NTk1MDkyNzU=,一边狂呼生殖神的名字eec3f55de6fd9c2c5d10f675fcd87093MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6KjZ2828-i

d3b3070ef9ea591c140da6a028b10405

到了难以控制性欲之时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF3oqy8k62i,女人们就在屋子里狂叫:“让男人们进来吧!如果情人在睡觉eac4334a0edb3e112e5bd7f2dfc89b688b3e9059,那就披上外套快来这儿!如果他不在QDViNGU5NTk1MDk2ZTA=,让奴隶代替也行;如果奴隶也不在ddb1af662635b44dfe81f2a77c7418c48f37d588,那就上街随便找一个流浪汉吧!”bf961ae244dbcce28b5649ca3f0375cf

  MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6KkKuxtcei

可见KjViNGU5NTk1MDk5ZTU=,官方用镇压来改变民俗几乎是不可能的1d7cdb9cceead4dad6e33440a94bb839815e97e0MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6KkKy9uLWi

NWI0ZTk1OTRlZjU5Ng==

毫无疑问28d784b73934eabbbedf4738937b3580eca963f6,民间崇祀的巴库斯酒神节仪式QDViNGU5NTk1MDljZWU=,源于人类共有的性交崇拜和生殖崇拜3daf2fe75eabf947de08c14c6e84aa9abf8f032f。罗马政府对于酒神节祭祀活动的镇压a729d8f21c98d882c244188ae89026503dc4834d,完全是一种政治行为KjViNGU5NTk1MTU5MTk=。之后的历史很快就证明MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3o5-8zrWi,罗马贵族及其掌权者92c3a8898ff68e390ed2a5fe8c12ca98,其实是最热衷于性乐的阶层MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrGHjGixzrmi293c6bbfdbe5b4f4921721dd791c16f759b2c07b

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQts6Vg4qEnb6dmma9yKGi

希斯帕拉所报告的未遂乱伦d36e61108b7462bca2ffc8bfc9bd8af57b594208,是导致上述血腥镇压的起因MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHjZu9uLWi。而不久之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6fK2w272i,真正的乱伦在罗马权贵中就已成为不足为怪的事情了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrGHjZ2xk62i57343f998586120ece549d248d4761c548c03571

 JTViNGU5NTk0ZWZiOWU=

比如罗马第五任皇帝尼禄ae8f915f6f51a91fa917ab4b95f09a857296c93f,不仅跟他的胞妹上床MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6fGWw26Wi,最后竟跟他的生母阿格里品娜发生性交——当然JjViNGU5NTk1MGE4ZDg=,这主要是阿格里品娜勾引的结果:她向儿子展示了她美丽的裸体;在尼禄担心这可能违法的犹豫中NWI0ZTk1OTUwYWE3Nw==,阿格里品娜对他说:“你是皇帝MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF6fZu8k7Wi,你就是法律!”终于使尼禄投入了她的怀中e50e6344c2b2be1b8ffe2825c0db0cbd28abaa243db8c61aa9ca086dc195c54d694b983e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6KkZ6xzrGi

1a73d5522fca8d0dc3436a657969ccb5

5b35427488af85515e23642674570834738fc93b

b2fce5e4acb88c57aa1322c867d270c7

● 罗马皇帝尼禄(Nero)的浴盆及希腊十字馆(Sala a Croce Greca)448fd49630fe403f9a71d083e13c3aac

5ced20cb0478e369e90012056b0cb41dd1c1f03e

提比略皇帝是奥古斯都大帝的继任者MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6fZ2xqK2i,他那出身妓女的宠姬弗罗拉是个非常放荡的女人JTViNGU5NTk1MGFlZjA=,经常在提比略的身上留下又抓又咬的伤痕MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF6faCxpb2i,这已经足以让罗马人喜爱她了JTViNGU5NTk1MTYwOTk=。后来2949661b20f019bd2d00d8bdba2325c77367cfb5,弗罗拉又将她的巨额遗产全部捐赠给了罗马市民MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHkKq9uLmi。于是弗罗拉获得了罗马人献给她的一座神庙ITViNGU5NTk1MGIzNzQ=,神庙内供奉的是弗罗拉巨大的阴户模型bdbb6bf4649a80f511bda401b47470b5,并从此以后每年都在4月26日到5月23日这段时间内MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6gGSxpbGi,为她举行庆典以资纪念JjViNGU5NTk1MTYzYjg=JTViNGU5NTk0ZjA3YjE=

 724b0a9fd543fe7689f11a2e9bef44ec

庆典期间4c795dc74ae44764b2fda8156274d9ccea361b55,妓女们活跃在街头MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF6gGexqKmi,展示她们薄纱后面的迷人身段NWI0ZTk1OTUwYmFkYg==,男人们注意到MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6gZywzrmi,就连她们的胴体都是化了妆的!KjViNGU5NTk0ZjBhYTg=

256e367466a93a15875dd6e232044fe4

庆典达于高潮时7d6e910958c85dd10c11a1ff7993762d,妓女们把一具鲜花簇拥着的巨大阳具MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6gZ69pb2i,拖向弗罗拉神庙IzViNGU5NTk1MGMwODA=,让它去穿刺弗罗拉巨大的阴户NWI0ZTk1OTUxNjU1NQ==。完成交媾仪式之后9b5a7a040f765dfe2eec1f0302113529,放荡的罗马男女们便冲向圆形剧场狂欢9cf377c6d21bf4c69c526d6aeff9762c,而妓女们此时则向男人们提供不要钱的“维纳斯的服务”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHkGS8uLmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6deZ2yqLWi

3f6ee6a05c5e1b9a8b8cddd179375feb

据塔西佗在《编年史》中说204092efc18331deb149d5483fceea7c,这个实际上是纪念妓女的节日NWI0ZTk1OTUwYzZhZQ==,被叫作ec708682145be9d4502a33d5b76b9fb3ed4358dd

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbiZgoqdYb6dfKuwtcui

罗马花节7c11029e26b69eab2c17d79347990987c04d44994ab681af47f4fa02f6ae77171adbac48

ITViNGU5NTk0ZjE1NjQ=

d57966fc2105785b7fa62cbf921d1d33d3b30879

罗马风气KjViNGU5NTk1MGM4NDQ=,天下不绝6411cb83f9042be07763fdafbdfb7ee4

-+-XjViNGU5NTk0ZjE5ZjY=

9f4a0b506c67572041e9c0f8ce889625ae244616

此后MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF6hGeyuKmi,民间对酒神的崇祀活动MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQts6Vg4qHqL1lfK2woqGi,在欧洲从未中断a455fdb05d393ee9c40b48a060c0e29c8d1994fb。例如20个世纪之后7329236d868638213c765fb10f764815,卢本斯(Peter Paul Rubens2efed95f5762f691a2106121395efc9c43847aeb,1577年—1640年)在他杰出的画作《甘尔迈斯》中QDViNGU5NTk1MGNmZTE=,就无所顾忌地描写了法兰德斯人的酒神节——甘尔迈斯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHkZuwzqmic334451a071bccaa7dd1553bff6993ab

 JDViNGU5NTk0ZjFlN2Y=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6dfZ-9pbmi

a4144119220f52092b9a034b764094d5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbiZgoqdYb6dgKu9y7Wi

● 卢本斯(Peter Paul Rubens)画作《甘尔迈斯》cd94994904c55fe7434e77d3a6dbe5dc3b8e6eb8

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYb6dgGO9y72i

所不同的是MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF6iKqw28ui,法兰德斯人已经用不着在深夜偷偷摸摸地举行欢会91a3db035190312f3da7f431192c0b7bc0bf0f56,他们就在大白天663d180b151ea2ccedf5b67d418408291ed2afc7,在野外dd29d5b7228b8522ef59f0a4a3a4fbdc,开怀畅饮2cfc9cfc3cd0c8afd00d582673ee4fca,纵情笑闹MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF6iGa8y6mi,任由自己的血管为美酒怒张QDViNGU5NTk1MTZjY2M=。他们疯狂地拥抱、接吻JjViNGU5NTk1MGRhNWM=,肆无忌惮地性交bfb67a1bd8e3d617964737964e2da14be631ee46。法国学者丹纳评价这幅名画:“在鲜艳洁白的裸体上面MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6iZu8y6mi,在肉欲旺盛的血色上面MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6iZ2wzq2i,在毫无顾忌的放荡中间10060aa3341b97d2a0ad384e2f706417f9aad094,尽量炫耀生活的富足2d9a8cdb1603345716c1a191b5f2c48a2d6a1c22,尽量发泄粗野的快乐……”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6dgGWypaWi

 42c9c1b472b296e0b8bd7b6e2f574003210956b0

显然MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF6jKq8zqmi,卢本斯并不是在杜撰故事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6jKyw262i,他描写的是先后饱受过勃艮第公国、日耳曼帝国和西班牙蹂躏MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6jK28uLWi,又经历了残酷的宗教战争之后XjViNGU5NTk1MGU2NGQ=,法兰德斯人终于获得了一个难得的休养生息的大好时期7339414d2967d761481af74a89962481,于是他们原始的生命力复苏了3756d245e9b3fb0ccd0965de5cbb6bfb5ee6eefd,历史的记忆也被激活了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF6jGi8y8ei,来自各方面的文化禁忌都失效了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF6jZyw28ei,一种更为健壮有力的“人”被凸现出来……这说明4753502926fe2d29fe3c4a220dc56cd7e1d79a74,酒神节的仪式从来就没有被人们遗忘过MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHkZ-8tbGiITViNGU5NTk0ZjJhYjE=

 KjViNGU5NTk0ZjJjMmY=

17世纪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6jZ-wy8ei,欧洲又开始盛行希腊罗马式的祭神仪式2d8ba29c71beecd816df3060a536fec6。这些活动中有一种似乎回归到了圣娼时代d4b16efb5c02638997945b05120604e934ea6d92IzViNGU5NTk0ZjJkYWI=

 7addc3b5da45014ab67999202f84d465

在参与仪式活动的男女中JDViNGU5NTk1MGYwYzM=,允许人们彼此亲吻身体的任何部位c0c30fe2f2355402ff623f97a1781d42。在场的“魔鬼”们一旦提出要求JDViNGU5NTk1MGYyNDQ=,女人便有义务跟他们性交84dd1ff410a7296e90a248d4b448cbf41925337b,不能拒绝XjViNGU5NTk1MTc1ZjM=。但“魔鬼”往往很坏48de850b9c5341f7d37262c8150a1817,他们常常用淫具“把女人弄得大喊大叫”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6kGS8tb2i,因为那些玩具生殖器“就像骡子那玩意儿一样”feac4775e99b0908acd30e39ee5936d5,还“像鱼一样长着鳞片”NWI0ZTk1OTUwZjlkNA==,要么是“滚烫的”NWI0ZTk1OTUwZmI1Nw==,要么是“冰凉的”……JjViNGU5NTk0ZjMwZjc=

 XjViNGU5NTk0ZjMyNzU=

到17世纪末MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6kZy8uLGi,还出现过由皇家组织的群交狂欢活动:菲利浦二世的亚当节8642c9de9f792886689bb8743c0f6088。高贵绅士和美丽的命妇淑女们MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF6kZ6w26mi,夜夜都聚集在永不消散的宫廷夜宴上5c050b764d763168016d2387d13371d47722364d,争奇斗艳MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHeKqwk6mi,优雅风流QDViNGU5NTk1MTAyZGU=,而每次宴会都有个高潮d0dce3e8bd13335e954a7a6bd0e1636bb90af262,那就是随意地群交……MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6dhKy8k62i

 910ad21e989b92b7236a30c9cb18063b

酒神节狂欢所表达的性交崇拜和对群交历史的再现ITViNGU5NTk1MTA1ZDI=,一直深深地刺激着人类e5e2408534e2234e09bb75694a1aeaff4e726bd9,以至那种历史的记忆在心灵上已成为抹杀不掉的痕迹0aff8fced31d51f2e1cc7e27d38351bc。甚至直到眼下c5fa3c451328e6c70246f8055b16bde51bad2fac,澳大利亚人在圣诞节时仍可跳进国王十字街的喷水池中JTViNGU5NTk1MTBhNWM=,在那里享受陌生男女相互亲吻、性交之乐7b3d1fe270cad5df358c1721997eb7bdd154702d5fc31e45cd4e645f057c467731346f9748c24ae9

c3221a68a7d546e9bc9273f85ea874a1

如果说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHeZu8y7Gi,罗马政府对酒神节活动的镇压是出于政治考虑的话d6a40575eb33a4ba34634bf46d3daeee16fe1261,那么MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHeZ69y7Gi,上古时期的中国同样是出于政治考虑IzViNGU5NTk1MTEwYTE=,在力劝它的人民积极参与“仲春之会”——一种类似酒神节的“团体操”狂欢活动c14e351b5e2aad2ff39e4f6e5f986588ce149420a4c6afebd16c300f91fdaf0c

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6dhZuxtbmi

有趣的是eb64f6eccd37a520419060f19fa0fbbd456cfe50,罗马帝国没能堵住汹涌澎湃的酒神节活动ITViNGU5NTk1MTEzYWM=,自己却被裹挟进去7d5aa88572110a76fedcf46358eb6d992ff43356,醉得一塌糊涂3e2a2679ad91d87d95ad6f32e3d0154d2c0d511f,最终导致了帝国的灭亡MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrGHm52xtbGi。而古代中国历代王朝始终都领导着性游戏的潮流5488d1bba2d8ffc07255ff0479ae3607bd818340,常常开风气之先ITViNGU5NTk1MTE5ZDk=,上行下效JDViNGU5NTk1MTFiNjA=,却能安邦治国MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQts6Vg4qHqbGKgZ2wyKGi,实现有效的社会控制0dbc45da8e3b9bdd03fb07307a1b624cMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6dhZy8k7Wi

 JDViNGU5NTk0ZjNlNzU=

bea1617bda0232ef0ae8f5383372f4c2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6diKqxqKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYb6diKu827Wi

书名:《性文化简史》a9ca809e95ded493e200430ceac3829b31846c5f

作者:李书崇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbiZgoqdYrF3eKy9qLGi

出版方:北京斯坦威图书有限责任公司2469be7925c3be6f050841389d52c92f

ITViNGU5NTk1MDA3NDc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbiZgoqdYrF3eGayuLWi

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