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古罗马人为什么沉迷于性狂欢?丨历史八卦咨询处

罗马讽刺诗人尤维纳利斯说:“如果没有找到男人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Home8tami,她们甚至会找一头驴子借以发泄……因为这些处于疯狂状态的女人是什么都干得出来的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgGOxtbWi。”cb4251154aff0dfeb3bb7304619a0662

c5671dac30f959d8828b9f0836e57d43

这句话不仅是在说女人JDVjMTc3ZWZhZTk4ZTE=,嘲讽的是整个罗马社会的“淫乱放纵”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgGOypa2iITVjMTc3ZWZhZTg1YzM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6E3MfQjqN4nbN3jZ6w2KGi

信仰众多神灵的罗马人同时渴求狂欢的欲望MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Home9tcui,就像洪水一般势难遏制db8fced8748ec82a8b2c0803056fdb51。罗马人腐蚀了他们的神MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgGO828ei。当所有的神祇都不再有新的借口来“牵头组织”狂欢时QDVjMTc3ZWZhZTk5M2M=,他们便制造新的神祇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgGO9tcui。这个荒诞的循环ITVjMTc3ZWZhZTk5Njg=,影响至今MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgGSwpcuiIzVjMTc3ZWZhZTg2MWE=

接下来你将看到:2a1cf090bd8af48f6c441c8c329fc5d2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6HnmWxpbGi

     ● 狎妓f2ca3918e065e1570d0f4f477eb9eb609709a980,是罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6HnmWxy72i

    ● 祭祀神灵名义下的性狂欢d94213450b20c20d70ba26dff240e0873ecfa9e2

    ● 罗马风气MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Homiytami,天下不绝0873b66d26d91421f42f4e64a5911044

ITVjMTc3ZWZhZTg3MDI=

李书崇 / 文JDVjMTc3ZWZhZTg3MjE=

摘自《性文化史》2d79c9e9eb3c39fa361efbb4c2c2c8fe,已获授权c2dc1dc9db4f9c2b9c56d954ecb82a00,有删减XjVjMTc3ZWZhZTg3Mzk=

JjVjMTc3ZWZhZTg3NTA=

f60bd11e258cd8db57897d00b7d85c1eb877ab72

狎妓10e28bf3d26a6b7f915095c863823bad,是罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容c3e583dcee76316af9d6ddcac07b640ddb32065c

-+-MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6HnmayqLWi

XjVjMTc3ZWZhZTg3YmU=

罗马人跟希腊人同属印欧种族611f911857775f6e78f725f210a87870,大约在公元前1000年左右他们从欧洲北部迁徙至意大利半岛JTVjMTc3ZWZhZTlhOTQ=,活动在罗马附近00b3fd183e4a6f64d585478d58dc4d0165549b8bKjVjMTc3ZWZhZTg3ZDc=

c04f5b52fb6100ac83d1f36ba42bf094

公元前6世纪末XjVjMTc3ZWZhZTlhYmQ=,罗马人驱逐了埃特拉斯坎人JDVjMTc3ZWZhZTlhZGY=,接管了这个已经发展起来的城市国家717a99ce90377d338c1264c7f625dc0d。这个骁勇善战的民族有一大特点f85c9c8abc7f39a2535aa9e3cdb0b4ab,那就是非常天真60d9ceee67ac09a24e0896be910118eca6ec161f,他们什么都信IzVjMTc3ZWZhZWI1OTI=。所以有人说罗马的神祇比它的人口还多f42be60b504b165f1eaeb370864f43a416a2c566a2b3682e8f8de7a6dce8d90f55d8fafe

5ebd64a8be54fdc757bbac77fa5ebd915c02e28a

而他们所信奉的各种各样的神祇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho5ywy72i,出身非常混乱4b5f4adcb2fcd78cdf79204ec9fd1a7a4a174e46,有来自埃及的42210ca6c05bdf78317f35db2c34a6f894471368,有来自希腊的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho5y9pbWi,也有来自小亚细亚的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho5y9y72i,查起谱系来十分复杂bcf1dbf2a389e4c9f5b954612d4da2a7b49d4b604181a7c20e0d85ebfe11b3b2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hnmexpcui

b0ad800a1099feb42282ece5080e4d714e2b8de1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hnmeytami

QDVjMTc3ZWZhZTg4ZTA=

● 罗马神庙IzVjMTc3ZWZhZTg5MGE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6HnmiwtaWi

比如说MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho52wtcui,他们的生殖神公认为匹里亚柏斯IzVjMTc3ZWZhZTljNTg=,但他们把男性生殖器称作“Mutinus”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho52xuLGi,这“穆丁纽斯”后来又被当做男生殖神加以奉祀;他们放在爱神庙中祭祀的爱西斯4937ade27b578b9a8100699562a9f52cbd58d8bc,本为埃及的生殖女神MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho528y8-i,与此对应的应当是埃及太阳神奥赛里斯cf144c5c60cc0946f0741a93c559982a,然而不是MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho56wpa2i,他们祭祀的是希腊化的奥赛里斯的转型——巴库斯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgGS9y7Wi。但罗马人不管这个d8b2120af249652a5c0ebdc9607308d8,他们只要有个狂欢的理由就行255f3975da721f5a58ba38f678a13aa3a9ed33edMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hnmiw27Gi

KjVjMTc3ZWZhZTg5ODM=

在当时KjVjMTc3ZWZhZTlkOTM=,罗马城中差不多每条街上都建造女神庙;雄伟的男根到处耸立IzVjMTc3ZWZhZTlkYzQ=,抬眼可见3763937ba19dd12cb0750c8d56b6451ef14c403f。每逢祭祀生殖神JDVjMTc3ZWZhZTlkZTY=,男男女女都裸体跑上大街QDVjMTc3ZWZhZTllMDg=,相互追逐嬉戏;男人以皮鞭追打裸体的女人们5ffaf035a0c566036c832114c1e510df140d609e,女人们则故意躲避而实际上渴望被鞭打臀部9db9e23fd9ca1816460bc249aa5a65ca6af75aff,因为据说挨过鞭打的女人会有旺盛的生育能力MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgGWxuKmi40b472385ffebace116857e5426b4d42

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hnmi8uK2i

这种裸体追逐的游戏闹到后来MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho5-xy7mi,就会发展为疯狂的ITVjMTc3ZWZhZTg5ZjM=

891fce9bb07e499064f9f534654e2dbb

群交58a73853017396c56fb53303e6e010c3ec8afb95JTVjMTc3ZWZhZThhNDI=

 2238281451443edf073dc6a98acae90a

即使在没有祭祀活动的日子里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho5-ytbmi,罗马人仍然不断地受到来自环境的性刺激:公共浴室、理发店、面包房、旅店以及很多公共场所MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho5-827Wi,表现性爱的雕塑、壁画、标志随处可见MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho5-9tcei,琳琅满目2bb3c8598935a963480ac5d030ee541e04172372ec402409b3e95733c29ad630

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hn5uypbmi

在多次禁止宗教卖淫均告失败的情况下9331f357d6fe0094833e4814f01cabc844217410,罗马官方只好宣布卖淫是合法的461ea4d291104510e86200dc010d7859,但妓女必须在神圣的场所从事活动NWMxNzdlZmFlOWY3Zg==,并缴纳高额所得税22dec0683433f2a1eb77ebac105d7728f13c2a8aa553ee491e9c487ea42a6ddfe59c4ce6

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6E3MfQjqN4nbN6fZyysqGi

于是圣妓们纷纷离开了固定的神庙MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Ho6CypbWi,转业到了民间——罗马是个思想非常自由的地方816c08a2ef844e25d83eef1c4f277347,有数不清的神明、宗教、偶像NWMxNzdlZmFlOWZmMg==,也就有数不清的“神圣场所”IzVjMTc3ZWZhZWEwMTM=,结果是政府的规定形同虚设XjVjMTc3ZWZhZWEwMzU=,罗马妓业从此进入天高任鸟飞的空前繁荣期;狎妓2307e3ad3dbb00cb817bed07af247e0a454f61c0,成为罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容256e224bd780a82a3ec5e78770f12352NWMxNzdlZmFlOGIwMQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hn5ywpbWi

e01f3a7add44ca69a48aec2757847aa1

bdf3cf19302f9ebfa07baad7d55e450d52de99e3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hn5yxuLmi

JDVjMTc3ZWZhZThiYTY=

● 古罗马妓院中的色情壁画QDVjMTc3ZWZhZThiYzY=

c114c93541cca93c1199ee3861c179d964a0283b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hn5y9y7mi

祭祀神灵名义下的性狂欢4334f16763d8fa3eedd092c7aa6ef6547af140e2

-+-3822e0817e508031bbe48f686a945e14517818dd

cd106748fbb0e8df84f9b3f945637745

与爱西斯一同受到祭祀的巴库斯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfKqxuK2i,在罗马的“职称”是酒神dbe7778417d8ba22fb1d68f0f652036c。这位酒神的女信徒自称BachantesIzVjMTc3ZWZhZWEwYWE=,男信徒自称 Bachantsbedf87ae2e350d5b92c7689d13381b8dcf961dbd。不可理解的是ITVjMTc3ZWZhZWEwY2M=,酒神节一开始是在庆祝森林神的节日中举行53a54f3503b552412f7a8f73fc4ad62cffb98e09fdb1e6279aee1326d5601501cf29bc8f40b535d0

89a07497581a7a35336c7095853b36d2

届时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfKq9pami,信徒们头上顶着羊角和尖耳朵QDVjMTc3ZWZhZWExMjQ=,屁股后面安着羊尾巴MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfKuwy8ui,赤身露体骑在驴子背上MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfKuxtaWi,满街乱跑07259dea48f3c662c990358cb0fd6183,一边调笑XjVjMTc3ZWZhZWExYjA=,一边以阳具形状的容器喝酒;女人们则围绕在一辆装载硕大男根的车子周围JjVjMTc3ZWZhZWExZGY=,狂歌浪舞44f00deee97591c9f38667b2de7dc11497dbc758。游行之后就进入神庙fa36af111a98ddc5ff79751263aefa143091c726,男女易装相戏MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfKywpbmi,恣意性交MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgGayuLWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hn529qKmi

 1bb1208d414cf1d07e28db294d56524eb460441c

跟对待宗教卖淫一样JjVjMTc3ZWZhZWEyNTg=,罗马官方对民间酒神节的禁止b6bb9b9a4c06b4955550a2f423730dd2e4aa5a44,也经历了拉锯式的对抗ITVjMTc3ZWZhZWI3ZGM=。在最严厉的一次镇压中甚至出现了&#42&#42件6bb3e531b908683a8acadcc34622b5f2fa51585a97e1c2e2cb25a4900436b72abf2f4d34346a5842

 34b5127156227c5c7b8bc28111bafa74c46a8fc6

公元前3世纪NWMxNzdlZmFlYTJhNA==,罗马统一了意大利5e644de49fdf067b161a14a0e6283347。此时腓尼基人所建的迦太基(在今突尼斯)早已发展成为西地中海强国MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfKy8uKmi,与罗马相对峙KjVjMTc3ZWZhZWI4M2Y=。为了争夺海上控制权MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfKy9pbWi,罗马与迦太基之间爆发了三次大战d70413b9e4fe448eedd478e0b7584b82f49555b2,史称“布匿战争”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgGexpbmic7786c82e511288083b1baddff16a5e2

JDVjMTc3ZWZhZThkOTY=

正当罗马军队在艰难地跟汉尼拔率领的迦太基人拼斗时850f0c53960fb23b4f893368fed5f256659d3e69,罗马政府发现de172a09707b3318bedb74b857d128ff2c8a5f7f,民间一直秘密地祭祀着从希腊传入的酒神巴库斯(Bachants)7f15f4e210efcef81287762c3c1e444c。这个在深夜里举行的巴库斯祭祀仪式c2ba6350a2dabf601b2feb1ba0de1134be336acf,每月5次MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfK2ytbmi,每次都聚集男女纵情欢会55f2b9a8017779bca55a96d54d05746c1f044599,随意性交de368f4b7c2c78ad3b0b48725613ca07XjVjMTc3ZWZhZThkYjQ=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hn568y8ui

这次秘密活动最终被曝光MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfK29qK2i,是因为官方接到一名叫希斯帕拉的女子报告ec879c9eb3c610d2314c1857e70c7bea,她男友的继父为了侵占男友应得的遗产b63761f1c7a891beeb79c9c3e99ffeaa,怂恿男友夜里祭祀时扮作酒神巴库斯与自己的母亲性交JjVjMTc3ZWZhZWI4ZDU=JTVjMTc3ZWZhZThlMWE=

 a897afa776da714b05f146d810e47628e0b29fd4

JDVjMTc3ZWZhZThlNWE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6E3MfQjqN4nbN6jGWxyKGi

f2e0140f1b94c2d87553d45b71f79658c3065b4e

● 米开朗琪罗雕塑作品《酒神巴库斯》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hn5-8zr2i

QDVjMTc3ZWZhZThmMGE=

励精图治的罗马政府立即作出了严厉反应:公元前186年罗马元老院对酒神节事件展开了调查JTVjMTc3ZWZhZWE0NzI=,跟着就处死了部分参与欢会的男子99fa8aa3ac98722b63bd0bd67a2f7a6c,逮捕了7000多名热衷群交的男女089b4185e6effd8fcf1c3d4eea8f35d8,勒令其余女人回家恪守妇道874898f21760f6199299ece5b493db8f。与奥古斯都大帝有着密切关系的历史学家李维82ad32c157942a86ede69a3c12d8366f72064ca6,在他的《罗马史》中详尽地记述了这件事情MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgGiwpb2id7c49a9c0058672d96bbd5c40f216881

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hn6Cw26mi

更为有趣的是78c4595c58309ee22c586358915425079962c67d,甚至连罗马人的善良女神也卷入了JTVjMTc3ZWZhZThmNzA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hn6Cx27mi

色情活动!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hn6Cytcei

 c00f7e52bd1bb4430590bacef750c576

善良女神是位只属于女人的神KjVjMTc3ZWZhZWE1MmU=,所以在她的庆典到来时7beb97bddf9894a2a5d1713e27f4b245,所有男人都必须从家里出去KjVjMTc3ZWZhZWE1Nzg=,把地方给女人腾出来KjVjMTc3ZWZhZWI5NDQ=。在这样一个没有男人的狂欢活动中35e81fc4982ac5bd8757c2e1ed6f46e74cbd5acd,女人们疯狂地吃喝笑闹29b97fc10bb2ab823d269a669fb3048222eab597,开怀畅饮着掺有纯葡萄酒的混合饮料cf74d3c2969984e0b1aedf410c3c1887,大嚼牡蛎;在酒精和疯狂鼓乐的刺激下6d24f8816daa2719c10936e11e648e93,女人们到午夜时已经不知道喝下了多少美酒e0b9547762fa01ff50c968effc67a0d51a201ae1,这时她们开始拼命扭动腰肢MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfGWxqKmi,一边旋转身体JTVjMTc3ZWZhZWE2OTA=,一边狂呼生殖神的名字231d87f0d84db66a5069e345428c12e40a795f093e0d4ddbe7aa520a75738b03

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6HoqqwqLWi

到了难以控制性欲之时b7ff86504ed527edffd1c85604a70fec,女人们就在屋子里狂叫:“让男人们进来吧!如果情人在睡觉MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6E3MfQjqN4nb2HkZy9oqGi,那就披上外套快来这儿!如果他不在589bdbfe081ebc8a57cc8c2e4ce63802,让奴隶代替也行;如果奴隶也不在NWMxNzdlZmFlYTczMQ==,那就上街随便找一个流浪汉吧!”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hoqqwy8ei

  b869b3586aecfef5431fa50cd7b1c670

可见MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfGaw272i,官方用镇压来改变民俗几乎是不可能的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgGixzq2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hoqqxy7Gi

5f5721b328c6f5d5677dd044b49876ee

毫无疑问ITVjMTc3ZWZhZWE3NzU=,民间崇祀的巴库斯酒神节仪式fa627c691c7802ea012005d5654be4c5,源于人类共有的性交崇拜和生殖崇拜JTVjMTc3ZWZhZWI5YmY=。罗马政府对于酒神节祭祀活动的镇压MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfGayuK2i,完全是一种政治行为259b5eb247843e68259b6143ef8898289f9300e8。之后的历史很快就证明4e8155e3cab03c2c1795efe8eb5de71e,罗马贵族及其掌权者822daad689911f2b5f874996f76818fab9bf5edf,其实是最热衷于性乐的阶层ITVjMTc3ZWZhZWI5ZmU=JjVjMTc3ZWZhZTkwYWU=

 1e43f6b2f0ac3d232cdd34f06c77694c

希斯帕拉所报告的未遂乱伦JjVjMTc3ZWZhZWE4Mjg=,是导致上述血腥镇压的起因QDVjMTc3ZWZhZWJhMWI=。而不久之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfGewzrGi,真正的乱伦在罗马权贵中就已成为不足为怪的事情了NWMxNzdlZmFlYmE0Ng==6f7463dbec50ee87d627b317a3a54af9

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hoqq9y8ui

比如罗马第五任皇帝尼禄ITVjMTc3ZWZhZWE4NmE=,不仅跟他的胞妹上床050d878321470276b62b98c542494a70,最后竟跟他的生母阿格里品娜发生性交——当然d2e2bfcaaded1c4f39ff7263319eb39008bf2a36,这主要是阿格里品娜勾引的结果:她向儿子展示了她美丽的裸体;在尼禄担心这可能违法的犹豫中0b07a7e082d442afee6828da8a3131b8b2eb9617,阿格里品娜对他说:“你是皇帝4bf377a0eb60246b909b030ca5dfec79b2a8c4eb,你就是法律!”终于使尼禄投入了她的怀中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgZuxqKmiJTVjMTc3ZWZhZTkxMzg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hoquwk7mi

1ecfb3bcf0ef95a9881ff7ac3ffb24e3f7cbba15

680d8b7cc6af3f97f3b19f74efbfed0874b2def1

5994d236d83d713a96f6dd095ee48cba

● 罗马皇帝尼禄(Nero)的浴盆及希腊十字馆(Sala a Croce Greca)MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hoqu9tc-i

027b9f00074a49b863751fcd16b48cee

提比略皇帝是奥古斯都大帝的继任者JDVjMTc3ZWZhZWE5MmE=,他那出身妓女的宠姬弗罗拉是个非常放荡的女人MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfGiw26Wi,经常在提比略的身上留下又抓又咬的伤痕MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfGixta2i,这已经足以让罗马人喜爱她了JjVjMTc3ZWZhZWJhODU=。后来QDVjMTc3ZWZhZWE5OGU=,弗罗拉又将她的巨额遗产全部捐赠给了罗马市民cd95736567b02802bc045910b0844e71。于是弗罗拉获得了罗马人献给她的一座神庙14236447d1ee3350710c846f74f8105f,神庙内供奉的是弗罗拉巨大的阴户模型68ca188e95a7b8cb7e7c4400eaff5d9e,并从此以后每年都在4月26日到5月23日这段时间内7689eedf9d84b05f7a78b05fed13e091,为她举行庆典以资纪念XjVjMTc3ZWZhZWJhYzI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hoqyw28ei

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Hoqyxy62i

庆典期间2fb77f3c7ba9bd470f6b0cbd176689bc2c58a8d9,妓女们活跃在街头d25ba1eed0d8ffd2f50ee624a14744c5,展示她们薄纱后面的迷人身段XjVjMTc3ZWZhZWFhOGQ=,男人们注意到MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6E3MfQjqN4nb2KfGi9yKGi,就连她们的胴体都是化了妆的!JjVjMTc3ZWZhZTkyYWU=

ff530f41b331dcc6cdaed51d12840124

庆典达于高潮时JjVjMTc3ZWZhZWFhZGQ=,妓女们把一具鲜花簇拥着的巨大阳具14b17fc6ad01feafc4e9cc3ad063b361,拖向弗罗拉神庙93fb0b8f1e723bee71d2d443fb6d3946d5d070c8,让它去穿刺弗罗拉巨大的阴户2c6b143559bc9d60b094e4164a833ed082dad85d。完成交媾仪式之后1e00354a7f2c7f3e95bb1784079c5cb77fa13fd5,放荡的罗马男女们便冲向圆形剧场狂欢4cbc9ed8ec052ddd8c09a6fa1a06273c7e5ac9c6,而妓女们此时则向男人们提供不要钱的“维纳斯的服务”20ebdceccc1617d798509fe9428d23dd191127b257939b601009f05a5b6bd556

03dc86f650925a4aabe7bdf159b28e331e4b7b34

据塔西佗在《编年史》中说7f0ece7ff43cc627c3e402bf821ffb0b,这个实际上是纪念妓女的节日ITVjMTc3ZWZhZWFiYjY=,被叫作07acc04d577ceb117e7f5916dc663d9a

JTVjMTc3ZWZhZTkzM2Y=

罗马花节1feac192077e72ca2b5c7ab1fa921b54a97f8bc23b83361725086b3b6f862043cdfef03320a2a2cf

NWMxNzdlZmFlOTM3YQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6E3MfQjqN4nbOHhGewyKGi

罗马风气JDVjMTc3ZWZhZWFiZGU=,天下不绝d2f0d811c7754ead7631696b5c119723

-+-ea5f390bfae80e87f03d0be207ec86c6

NWMxNzdlZmFlOTQwNg==

此后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfZy9tbGi,民间对酒神的崇祀活动e7100b3beef3217afedfc2f47e2818728e99ce3b,在欧洲从未中断MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgZywy8ui。例如20个世纪之后990296fc849e98afcf9ad307a3d26b4e,卢本斯(Peter Paul Rubensf5ee6d22a46b1f1b06d91810a4e6bb7f,1577年—1640年)在他杰出的画作《甘尔迈斯》中JTVjMTc3ZWZhZWFjOWI=,就无所顾忌地描写了法兰德斯人的酒神节——甘尔迈斯55a1ef917044cbc89aafef5b9ba10f55677d0036IzVjMTc3ZWZhZTk0MmE=

 8e891975b4847e9b0e76a3affd6fd28589d20bfb

59083e759fbad377c8b831c5d6c7dd29

2f2be907321531fd3cb48c6b051a5b09fce0886f

88be1447b60276a0f2e82d191e8333ac9663eb8e

● 卢本斯(Peter Paul Rubens)画作《甘尔迈斯》XjVjMTc3ZWZhZTk0ZWI=

JDVjMTc3ZWZhZTk1MGQ=

所不同的是185586fa8d76e930de66ecbfa2a48138,法兰德斯人已经用不着在深夜偷偷摸摸地举行欢会MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfZ2827Gi,他们就在大白天MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfZ29uLGi,在野外MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfZ6w272i,开怀畅饮JTVjMTc3ZWZhZWFkNzY=,纵情笑闹XjVjMTc3ZWZhZWFkOTg=,任由自己的血管为美酒怒张MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgZyxy7Wi。他们疯狂地拥抱、接吻81bc3d126e3cda6006ac41f7187e5678f9afa08f,肆无忌惮地性交a9718e22596675d0abbde198aec55217。法国学者丹纳评价这幅名画:“在鲜艳洁白的裸体上面32a9ebe85ce2115381c6ceeb1640186daccdc699,在肉欲旺盛的血色上面JjVjMTc3ZWZhZWFlMTY=,在毫无顾忌的放荡中间63e7550a360147c3ff816d4114f5016bd4c61ecf,尽量炫耀生活的富足ITVjMTc3ZWZhZWFlNjY=,尽量发泄粗野的快乐……”164e19e2add3670c05b40139c1e9005c

 05b46f1e2aba7021dfaf783ac3e9c7c91af17769

显然IzVjMTc3ZWZhZWFlOGE=,卢本斯并不是在杜撰故事da6f77462b9301e6864948ce261a1f407e56acba,他描写的是先后饱受过勃艮第公国、日耳曼帝国和西班牙蹂躏7fb53271d891ab5120fd5234e863eca8678efaec,又经历了残酷的宗教战争之后e818524149bbdb939ca7f8b9244e31e2767c5764,法兰德斯人终于获得了一个难得的休养生息的大好时期c45d8829858a642631f6e2cb3aa8203f,于是他们原始的生命力复苏了725cc62b57aba1a7c994136725e95e2cf9ac00b9,历史的记忆也被激活了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfaCxpbWi,来自各方面的文化禁忌都失效了b32fdf24235ddbcd2e2f82c7f7f67af50e95631b,一种更为健壮有力的“人”被凸现出来……这说明ecf950b6a5782fb535c5065c70b77b733a4f3b68,酒神节的仪式从来就没有被人们遗忘过MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6E3MfQjqN4nb2ggZu9yKGiJDVjMTc3ZWZhZTk1YjQ=

 4efeb68ea4c6c3b33babb87df15ca7451008d670

17世纪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KfaC8zr2i,欧洲又开始盛行希腊罗马式的祭神仪式JTVjMTc3ZWZhZWJiZTg=。这些活动中有一种似乎回归到了圣娼时代JTVjMTc3ZWZhZWJjMDg=359516a14bd6560c2190f53f8dac5bf9758243bc

 b26be4eb3d654f83fa521070535de4d6e8db5777

在参与仪式活动的男女中18ce2b9354e10590f308d312a027da50,允许人们彼此亲吻身体的任何部位MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgZ2wqLGi。在场的“魔鬼”们一旦提出要求ef880f3654b2b44eb70a202b86751189,女人便有义务跟他们性交c19893836b168d7ba107621978c69a86,不能拒绝3849eb376385c859e94c50a311c7dd56。但“魔鬼”往往很坏JTVjMTc3ZWZhZWIwODE=,他们常常用淫具“把女人弄得大喊大叫”cb55328b356358cac6c7ed51caf43abe,因为那些玩具生殖器“就像骡子那玩意儿一样”a6bdd1e73fb574d5f5a3456239ad3864671a34f0,还“像鱼一样长着鳞片”17af6128af734d14fb961c6d4803f47c4cf86b08,要么是“滚烫的”0ec7db73d56b35a21cdf747e2c3986ad866160ec,要么是“冰凉的”……968f73eef03e98bee5d5bf7e9168ca74a280bbc0

 JjVjMTc3ZWZhZTk2NTU=

到17世纪末6c291739e21f06a5e9fab5ba75613852,还出现过由皇家组织的群交狂欢活动:菲利浦二世的亚当节ef4c81114eeb267422f7eeeb8e2c46b6c37d478b。高贵绅士和美丽的命妇淑女们b4b415afe170cfd93fa8c633fa9c8a6c,夜夜都聚集在永不消散的宫廷夜宴上NWMxNzdlZmFlYjE4MA==,争奇斗艳687bfd4201ca5cf9ae28ca7f2710862c1bdcef00,优雅风流c48d357202dd1256dcd2e11d546beff20196db9f,而每次宴会都有个高潮KjVjMTc3ZWZhZWIxZmQ=,那就是随意地群交……MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6HomWxtcui

 JjVjMTc3ZWZhZTk2OTQ=

酒神节狂欢所表达的性交崇拜和对群交历史的再现NWMxNzdlZmFlYjIyNw==,一直深深地刺激着人类e2e1860fdfcd9e1ac4120c7f4d836479f5082ec3,以至那种历史的记忆在心灵上已成为抹杀不掉的痕迹MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgZ2xzr2i。甚至直到眼下ITVjMTc3ZWZhZWIyNzI=,澳大利亚人在圣诞节时仍可跳进国王十字街的喷水池中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgKyx28ei,在那里享受陌生男女相互亲吻、性交之乐QDVjMTc3ZWZhZWJjZDA=5c3d44833a56ae8a659a5811fe65ed160d1ab1cc

JTVjMTc3ZWZhZTk2Y2I=

如果说b61f81f0ef623f396ff53c2faf5b4b698dc818e4,罗马政府对酒神节活动的镇压是出于政治考虑的话1406ef624f6ad16a74029569db1f24ae30f94cce,那么cf532788f2967cae359f0b65ceaa359e,上古时期的中国同样是出于政治考虑MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgK2wpb2i,在力劝它的人民积极参与“仲春之会”——一种类似酒神节的“团体操”狂欢活动MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgZ29pb2iea47ddddf760bdaf190f4dc3bf271f4110f8b5da

 76ffbbe11f04fa36d1ba76afeb71f710

有趣的是9ad3761e3d274f278df5c41b9120420a,罗马帝国没能堵住汹涌澎湃的酒神节活动a13cc25a5845c441150a7171ebda48dabd45682f,自己却被裹挟进去MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6KgK2x27mi,醉得一塌糊涂ee246db788327e3397531f2e4f3530ae,最终导致了帝国的灭亡a21f142015dc4950ac7273926888cf98。而古代中国历代王朝始终都领导着性游戏的潮流cc662afea996ec52d432f8510d6cb63e15f06444,常常开风气之先a5223862bacf9a4c2ac47094251e95fd380cbf53,上行下效a407b55100d0d0b47b2987fe40e7d7949fd0e8e9,却能安邦治国739e7b78231a3e7e88dd414f8bb037ad,实现有效的社会控制af83bf9d6b1dc525a536ed72abc866a63960f385522d78bb65212bf6420c27ee

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Homaw272i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Homaxy62i

XjVjMTc3ZWZhZTk3OWU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Homa8tbWi

书名:《性文化简史》6cccb8a01811889a031440e973cfdd74

作者:李书崇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtsaXjo2Mmb6Homa9y62i

出版方:北京斯坦威图书有限责任公司ccb523614dd51c38a99b389aa39baada19b39427

KjVjMTc3ZWZhZTk4NjU=

NWMxNzdlZmFlOTg5MQ==

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