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古罗马人为什么沉迷于性狂欢?丨历史八卦咨询处

罗马讽刺诗人尤维纳利斯说:“如果没有找到男人46871b12eefade960300f646950c8014cb96db2b,她们甚至会找一头驴子借以发泄……因为这些处于疯狂状态的女人是什么都干得出来的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkZ68ta2i。”00d5ab6a1935ba7b784f2db033609b3c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKiZ2wzq2i

这句话不仅是在说女人bc470cb933ddd654b41c5607a2a7ab28d0500539,嘲讽的是整个罗马社会的“淫乱放纵”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkZ68zrGiJDVjMTY2NzE2NWRjNWY=

97aebaf3c81097d502787c57622f8e02

信仰众多神灵的罗马人同时渴求狂欢的欲望23da59b5906dc9468eade9e8d6378988,就像洪水一般势难遏制IzVjMTY2NzE2NWZkZTg=。罗马人腐蚀了他们的神0237cfcb5595c5137bd2f22a73add71c。当所有的神祇都不再有新的借口来“牵头组织”狂欢时11302f8a24958d548bc0923a6c5f2724f67e0268,他们便制造新的神祇ITVjMTY2NzE2NWZlMjM=。这个荒诞的循环MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjZywpami,影响至今JjVjMTY2NzE2NWZlM2I=c1b42d16e5e8ec3aaef3546137d36a5a25a184e0

接下来你将看到:QDVjMTY2NzE2NWRjYjI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKiZ28y72i

     ● 狎妓f82b08f8b923ea470fb3db4731f74028,是罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容KjVjMTY2NzE2NWRjZWE=

    ● 祭祀神灵名义下的性狂欢af94ac01eac95ce17bb225e8f3fc844fdd1e1a77

    ● 罗马风气acb70e427b4f6060452d22b1a8805402,天下不绝MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKiZ6wqKmi

XjVjMTY2NzE2NWRkM2I=

李书崇 / 文324c8bbed525da051dc48f79c821742d

摘自《性文化史》ba2fca6c0040d866ae17c6267e36470b38179fa4,已获授权f753d1820a6e7645e1301ce4c63b06c9edc6cd2d,有删减XjVjMTY2NzE2NWRkNzA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKiZ6x27Gi

IzVjMTY2NzE2NWRkYTQ=

狎妓JTVjMTY2NzE2NWViYTE=,是罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容JjVjMTY2NzE2NWRkYzE=

-+-MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKiZ6827mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKiZ69ta2i

罗马人跟希腊人同属印欧种族7b17339a72681eba075097fb8d94e35a,大约在公元前1000年左右他们从欧洲北部迁徙至意大利半岛46d77fc7004f4fceee5d53e15390a3ed,活动在罗马附近MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkZ-wk7miXjVjMTY2NzE2NWRlMGU=

382da828c92154aab9ea04c0da7c4262

公元前6世纪末e2ca234ca89680112088dc0668e674d7,罗马人驱逐了埃特拉斯坎人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjZy9y6mi,接管了这个已经发展起来的城市国家QDVjMTY2NzE2NWZlNmI=。这个骁勇善战的民族有一大特点JjVjMTY2NzE2NWVjMjI=,那就是非常天真a9884a68ac2c9a5903891f32c6436372,他们什么都信MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkZ-xzrmi。所以有人说罗马的神祇比它的人口还多1d488e1b8bcf84a5d4158ad43e83397cJTVjMTY2NzE2NWRlM2U=

e49f48c87ffe99201a1083c32da7c299eff2006e

而他们所信奉的各种各样的神祇b3dc83f10a38e2798836742066645d00,出身非常混乱9881b4431f1de292f3fa4d5018fd94f7,有来自埃及的ITVjMTY2NzE2NWVjYTU=,有来自希腊的ec0ba62b2508db3b822461d9bcd4d77a,也有来自小亚细亚的4eaf1ab321daa928993a7343ea74cd3d,查起谱系来十分复杂fe56e9ece5bc507a81a8f7e8c94a33e2cac26f34f82d31b95d4ab33fae6fbd0e898723cf

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKiZ-x26Wi

38aef409f2405f326bb7cfcdc8470ac2

f1ff33a7d84c37ca4a873336d017d2b7

398cdabcabaa7ee51e491b00712f81fc

● 罗马神庙MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKiZ-9qKmi

49f2725a8aaa72bd8a3defca0a2595ab

比如说749013dbe28340191d67d5eccb7d341b22660407,他们的生殖神公认为匹里亚柏斯IzVjMTY2NzE2NWVkMGU=,但他们把男性生殖器称作“Mutinus”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyXgYqLYr6KiKux2KGi,这“穆丁纽斯”后来又被当做男生殖神加以奉祀;他们放在爱神庙中祭祀的爱西斯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjZ6wzr2i,本为埃及的生殖女神QDVjMTY2NzE2NWVkNWE=,与此对应的应当是埃及太阳神奥赛里斯IzVjMTY2NzE2NWVkNzI=,然而不是KjVjMTY2NzE2NWVkODk=,他们祭祀的是希腊化的奥赛里斯的转型——巴库斯MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkZ-8zq2i。但罗马人不管这个59f3443cc0979fc9e8186510a2d8fc740b473cc9,他们只要有个狂欢的理由就行JjVjMTY2NzE2NWZlZTg=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKiaCwtc-i

122ab78cd4ddb9acff21682bbdd5cd0bbec0849f

在当时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjZ68tc-i,罗马城中差不多每条街上都建造女神庙;雄伟的男根到处耸立NWMxNjY3MTY1ZWRlNA==,抬眼可见MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkZ-9uK2i。每逢祭祀生殖神MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjZ69tcui,男男女女都裸体跑上大街MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyXgYqLYr6KjKqxoqGi,相互追逐嬉戏;男人以皮鞭追打裸体的女人们afa9c0c97850fe4a4e195a25f2cc31203cee62ab,女人们则故意躲避而实际上渴望被鞭打臀部497e3c117ad5d9e12fd1497037d53758,因为据说挨过鞭打的女人会有旺盛的生育能力XjVjMTY2NzE2NWZmMTc=378d24fd666b402224c1cdda4f642bfc

5c430b6317ae10c324f600f52bb3b050

这种裸体追逐的游戏闹到后来2d7da5504a64cbdb93d38e0eb1e0be92040d8c73,就会发展为疯狂的9251448f7444f9cb2dafd4559b37ffc9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKiaCytbWi

群交ITVjMTY2NzE2NWZmMmU=09a0778600755d75401655d0cb64c0ce441f849d

 IzVjMTY2NzE2NWRmZTE=

即使在没有祭祀活动的日子里02fe6e7e26f21ccca9525695a74db1a404c56620,罗马人仍然不断地受到来自环境的性刺激:公共浴室、理发店、面包房、旅店以及很多公共场所ac9bcb1e5336d461e863e2a418cae195,表现性爱的雕塑、壁画、标志随处可见KjVjMTY2NzE2NWVlYjg=,琳琅满目MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkaCw26miJjVjMTY2NzE2NWRmZjk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKiaC9zrGi

在多次禁止宗教卖淫均告失败的情况下JjVjMTY2NzE2NWVlZDQ=,罗马官方只好宣布卖淫是合法的e2f90bfa59a8f3a8f045647f7b2c77fc,但妓女必须在神圣的场所从事活动ce2f5459755523265b17e6a96d69d403a1ed9550,并缴纳高额所得税MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkaCxqLmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjKqwtbWi

 9a680f3bc696fa40225cb81ca5fc3bc9

于是圣妓们纷纷离开了固定的神庙KjVjMTY2NzE2NWVmMjE=,转业到了民间——罗马是个思想非常自由的地方695d30546d0a549434b93a24661f6b32,有数不清的神明、宗教、偶像30d9671f9a07d8459052878eae315a74,也就有数不清的“神圣场所”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyXgYqLYr6KkGSyoqGi,结果是政府的规定形同虚设03f29a789ae4ad29c3b3eb0ee16f4f0c,罗马妓业从此进入天高任鸟飞的空前繁荣期;狎妓JDVjMTY2NzE2NWVmYTY=,成为罗马人生活中不可或缺的内容c30c7d66d392deb75ec4f75f24b15c87f233111bIzVjMTY2NzE2NWUwNmM=

JjVjMTY2NzE2NWUwOGU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjKqyta2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjKq8y6Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjKq828ui

8d5898980a03445cb86edc8ac6cbfdcfb1ed9520

● 古罗马妓院中的色情壁画MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjKq9zrWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjKuwtbWi

251be98f97c97f8acc1f184103af3c32

祭祀神灵名义下的性狂欢ITVjMTY2NzE2NWUxNTg=

-+-ae483c8786c161684046868cdcf2b079

dd27f5e6fbaf8c9d2b864206b05025d5

与爱西斯一同受到祭祀的巴库斯QDVjMTY2NzE2NWVmYmU=,在罗马的“职称”是酒神8344525266f34ab0d14d1cf14547e8c8。这位酒神的女信徒自称BachantesQDVjMTY2NzE2NWVmZDU=,男信徒自称 BachantsMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkaC8ta2i。不可理解的是MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjaC9pcui,酒神节一开始是在庆祝森林神的节日中举行56dbf1492cbae89508c83181d8e28898MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjKuyqKmi

356fe4f0a7372e284d108d97bcf97995

届时KjVjMTY2NzE2NWYwMDQ=,信徒们头上顶着羊角和尖耳朵JjVjMTY2NzE2NWYwMWI=,屁股后面安着羊尾巴b8abc67d965a8942dc654d0315d7d93ded67b5fa,赤身露体骑在驴子背上IzVjMTY2NzE2NWYwNWM=,满街乱跑88339b8598c6a65befd9167f5872c46d,一边调笑MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkKqx272i,一边以阳具形状的容器喝酒;女人们则围绕在一辆装载硕大男根的车子周围f62d3a3111cdb81fbe8f62b187b67fa8,狂歌浪舞700a4e80765b29e1a40ba2ea9b384e0758645b62。游行之后就进入神庙bc98f45fdf05285841f1a18a5b6f94db,男女易装相戏6dbb23c340af3d2f161de46adb8e2f684a82abb9,恣意性交MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeKqwpbGi6644c9503ce14932ce791b12f96077b667605337

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyXgYqLYr6HfZ-xsqGi

跟对待宗教卖淫一样3d0a5aaab806df6afe3de260baafa20a,罗马官方对民间酒神节的禁止cc08efeaa6d635f5e321f3906d0bd6fe650848f4,也经历了拉锯式的对抗MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeKqwuL2i。在最严厉的一次镇压中甚至出现了&#42&#42件XjVjMTY2NzE2NjAwNTE=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjKu9zrWi

 7b91ff9659bfc3e89981b0bedcf6574b

公元前3世纪b99ff611e634469a69ad62d9b0e81063,罗马统一了意大利d640be831277b59de5ec46e2bd2355f41bf473f3。此时腓尼基人所建的迦太基(在今突尼斯)早已发展成为西地中海强国JDVjMTY2NzE2NWYxMzQ=,与罗马相对峙MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeKqx26mi。为了争夺海上控制权29ea394baa5e0d8cc5ef3d4929e63b6215ffe4ae,罗马与迦太基之间爆发了三次大战d796c34b64a2751293aaf19b66bf37ba,史称“布匿战争”21aae5e4ef40a0ce5522da97103598e5a179deedMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjKyxpami

JjVjMTY2NzE2NWUyNmQ=

正当罗马军队在艰难地跟汉尼拔率领的迦太基人拼斗时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkKuxy72i,罗马政府发现QDVjMTY2NzE2NWYxOTI=,民间一直秘密地祭祀着从希腊传入的酒神巴库斯(Bachants)8f1fcf65b041a426828f725e8e9bc44e2b543182。这个在深夜里举行的巴库斯祭祀仪式1d963740a6a1a2fb5f8ee3f97835fb4723986bf3,每月5次b26557d49bfbdaada4665cd82a556f0d7afba472,每次都聚集男女纵情欢会f81c2cab7c1728b5141f053b094b144c,随意性交c54fab483b9eb48327ed747165fb803732dcb3e5MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjKyx26Wi

 ace08c8c2535e412afa7ed78c07414c2

这次秘密活动最终被曝光7613a518235c94c957d943f0d5264b8861696bc9,是因为官方接到一名叫希斯帕拉的女子报告JTVjMTY2NzE2NWYyMTA=,她男友的继父为了侵占男友应得的遗产MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkKywtbGi,怂恿男友夜里祭祀时扮作酒神巴库斯与自己的母亲性交MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeKq9pc-i6dafae1b8aa088dcf5ea4fd90cdbbd6d4e0c37cb

 JDVjMTY2NzE2NWUyZGI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjKy9qLmi

1eca7328d17e4cf9a1257dc7ba84af0d9d136190

abb953468fcabd153fff6de4ee87212afc7fea63

● 米开朗琪罗雕塑作品《酒神巴库斯》IzVjMTY2NzE2NWUzNmU=

ITVjMTY2NzE2NWUzODU=

励精图治的罗马政府立即作出了严厉反应:公元前186年罗马元老院对酒神节事件展开了调查MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkKywzqmi,跟着就处死了部分参与欢会的男子251b52b8d649a4716a5de7dabaed4145,逮捕了7000多名热衷群交的男女NWMxNjY3MTY1ZjI3Mw==,勒令其余女人回家恪守妇道aef7ec69071db34e9b802d591d14d286。与奥古斯都大帝有着密切关系的历史学家李维bdbbf9bdf485e922f1f2d53d15acb7d1aa4d623d,在他的《罗马史》中详尽地记述了这件事情MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeKuwpc-iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjK2ypc-i

3a7d56f8b139ce86970e792c124f0b2820e6b092

更为有趣的是XjVjMTY2NzE2NWYyY2E=,甚至连罗马人的善良女神也卷入了XjVjMTY2NzE2NWUzZGM=

ea918963e8b8a5c8afdcbdad66c62d9f

色情活动!46d127b9c5fe4651ece0a4107682ff9a9c8237a5

 6718b88adf449a6f805c2cd8363a10a3e049468f

善良女神是位只属于女人的神81d251e71b2105377762d95b8039fac2,所以在她的庆典到来时JTVjMTY2NzE2NWYzMDc=,所有男人都必须从家里出去KjVjMTY2NzE2NWYzMWU=,把地方给女人腾出来166b80d134dc6a524444e90ef9a9bfa8。在这样一个没有男人的狂欢活动中QDVjMTY2NzE2NWYzMzU=,女人们疯狂地吃喝笑闹MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkK2w28ui,开怀畅饮着掺有纯葡萄酒的混合饮料MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyXgYqLYr6dhGSxsqGi,大嚼牡蛎;在酒精和疯狂鼓乐的刺激下JDVjMTY2NzE2NWYzODc=,女人们到午夜时已经不知道喝下了多少美酒b0fcc9503cc81f83896eb4580df4bd7a,这时她们开始拼命扭动腰肢MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkK28tami,一边旋转身体JTVjMTY2NzE2NWYzZDc=,一边狂呼生殖神的名字b49a56e16e73d1c9f216f845b3c77e9ca10c363e8d0e4a2fbb96f94bcafbc4de

6e06d7b07d17a4599f6e7c285f830890

到了难以控制性欲之时851a5c870f26da31d913de83bb728b86a93c71b6,女人们就在屋子里狂叫:“让男人们进来吧!如果情人在睡觉MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkK29y8ei,那就披上外套快来这儿!如果他不在960774e85b7d8cd6b8b85d1522361f7cfaba5c6b,让奴隶代替也行;如果奴隶也不在b1c0df8d002c6dbd005f5b8ddfd644c0cf003433,那就上街随便找一个流浪汉吧!”QDVjMTY2NzE2NWU0Nzk=

  1e7cd41baed9e821135b4b507acde3d5

可见2cb3a9ac5ee9df58a9ad9d65ecf86c72,官方用镇压来改变民俗几乎是不可能的cae5cca02e53d76bb835c10b8e2befbfa1f419c109767fe66454372ce9dcc978d9c55993

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjGO8zrmi

毫无疑问fbe65ba58d4389b97f29e7e5f9fdca5d07851c11,民间崇祀的巴库斯酒神节仪式94b50cf1c438d1b0e2659a6eee8fceeee3cc5b23,源于人类共有的性交崇拜和生殖崇拜MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeKux262i。罗马政府对于酒神节祭祀活动的镇压b7d62cc440c5510b179d502baf79da7c8ec65821,完全是一种政治行为JTVjMTY2NzE2NjAxOWU=。之后的历史很快就证明MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGO827Wi,罗马贵族及其掌权者ITVjMTY2NzE2NWY0ZmE=,其实是最热衷于性乐的阶层KjVjMTY2NzE2NjAxYmI=JDVjMTY2NzE2NWU0ZWE=

 KjVjMTY2NzE2NWU1MDI=

希斯帕拉所报告的未遂乱伦XjVjMTY2NzE2NWY1MTI=,是导致上述血腥镇压的起因4f42aec32eb5fe2cf59ee5a3ea75d3a6。而不久之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGSwtbmi,真正的乱伦在罗马权贵中就已成为不足为怪的事情了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeKu9qK2iITVjMTY2NzE2NWU1MjM=

 dcd78876ba460882b2721b712b72d285

比如罗马第五任皇帝尼禄784aaa6d5a779e9b887a9608171adbde198b5fdf,不仅跟他的胞妹上床JDVjMTY2NzE2NWY1NTg=,最后竟跟他的生母阿格里品娜发生性交——当然fb598094c2ff19027f04bccb26c3c228bb95e1c1,这主要是阿格里品娜勾引的结果:她向儿子展示了她美丽的裸体;在尼禄担心这可能违法的犹豫中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGSx28ui,阿格里品娜对他说:“你是皇帝MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGSytbmi,你就是法律!”终于使尼禄投入了她的怀中3079bd9443dbb6336ba0b7edac734920e2cfff2dMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjGSwk7mi

a072b7b9ee2aacae4e5654b0c20c1d35

746b779e9ac1bb6825e98959fd4107f5

JTVjMTY2NzE2NWU1OWU=

KjVjMTY2NzE2NWU1YjU=

● 罗马皇帝尼禄(Nero)的浴盆及希腊十字馆(Sala a Croce Greca)MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyXgYqLYr6HjZy9oqGi

JjVjMTY2NzE2NWU1ZWE=

提比略皇帝是奥古斯都大帝的继任者KjVjMTY2NzE2NWY1YzY=,他那出身妓女的宠姬弗罗拉是个非常放荡的女人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGS828-i,经常在提比略的身上留下又抓又咬的伤痕JDVjMTY2NzE2NWY1ZjU=,这已经足以让罗马人喜爱她了QDVjMTY2NzE2NjAyMjQ=。后来a6fa744745dc97851caf85e66440dac4,弗罗拉又将她的巨额遗产全部捐赠给了罗马市民ITVjMTY2NzE2NjAyNDA=。于是弗罗拉获得了罗马人献给她的一座神庙2bc930669f131d90e265697574314c07e2779f05,神庙内供奉的是弗罗拉巨大的阴户模型NWMxNjY3MTY1ZjY0Nw==,并从此以后每年都在4月26日到5月23日这段时间内f76390fb9e60db6cd527a96a0de2ab8d6d0de856,为她举行庆典以资纪念MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeKyxpbWie425c1a20728751d42cb73d611dbc6a95f3203a8

 05686108166185a93a211ae7407c7495

庆典期间8c77b4b8bdb2655ec4004d515998842b,妓女们活跃在街头MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGWx28-i,展示她们薄纱后面的迷人身段IzVjMTY2NzE2NWY2YWI=,男人们注意到73ec29b098801258d4d5de4647b64746207b0cbd,就连她们的胴体都是化了妆的!a912caa1d1e48b9f579b9287691854b6

NWMxNjY3MTY1ZTY1MA==

庆典达于高潮时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGW8k6mi,妓女们把一具鲜花簇拥着的巨大阳具MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGW9ta2i,拖向弗罗拉神庙8637a3cbd324f62bdd3abe4d0599d513,让它去穿刺弗罗拉巨大的阴户MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeKyypami。完成交媾仪式之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyXgYqLYr6dmquxyKGi,放荡的罗马男女们便冲向圆形剧场狂欢5eb4e2e542b6d8ed48309b550f023e49f3bf59fa,而妓女们此时则向男人们提供不要钱的“维纳斯的服务”8eb9047897c9aac70d89773469d7d83ae53a0cc9cf3f0d44db07777fd618791cf2147932

6341a6eca91fd3d6485921db634ff8b498cc217a

据塔西佗在《编年史》中说KjVjMTY2NzE2NWY3NWE=,这个实际上是纪念妓女的节日9c74ffdcc714664b005465233e93b0de4617f5d0,被叫作03248f9a6114cac2e19817b9a1cfaefc379b60a5

3e8550ec3f3a82d5220f022abec723a38168bf67

罗马花节1dc61ed09d46bb87ed24f578c65d5561ef35e98e8796f306af4e4f5fc61c06ba3c3bdb8d

af801d730705019ae799d6da8940233a

cabd7d28314a1ac988ea61f074505380

罗马风气MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGax27Wi,天下不绝MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyXgYqLYr6Hmqu8yKGi

-+-MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjGaw28ui

NWMxNjY3MTY1ZTc2YQ==

此后ea01e68789a6f1a4f03a768340510a35,民间对酒神的崇祀活动ITVjMTY2NzE2NWY3Yjc=,在欧洲从未中断7b7447a28d57835915ca5dc35822562c。例如20个世纪之后72de094ced917555cac9fd3da20425f947d15f40,卢本斯(Peter Paul Rubenscabd0e5b568754b467e2187ec19175e1,1577年—1640年)在他杰出的画作《甘尔迈斯》中8cdfca6d96384c040dce4441d5b3908e,就无所顾忌地描写了法兰德斯人的酒神节——甘尔迈斯NWMxNjY3MTY2MDJmZg==9675b944ef2a070237f037ba1536daf0d1bda57a

 3b705417657be1f8cf92eecd0922843ddda66cd5

1f5e702749365f55d00cb63fd3b63fa0

f70614537d0c213fb3f23bd7e836a888

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjGa9paWi

● 卢本斯(Peter Paul Rubens)画作《甘尔迈斯》793016a428301b9f3ee9bdb47b9f5872b54635c2

a41448708ed04d6e33d92cc052a3ff51e21e2c22

所不同的是QDVjMTY2NzE2NWY4MzU=,法兰德斯人已经用不着在深夜偷偷摸摸地举行欢会baee6388f0a9e732e0912ce3966b54e7,他们就在大白天MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGextaWi,在野外4c91be64d5ef3202ce487d79bd3e80ef,开怀畅饮0de408970dac4adfe3dfc30d8f52431c87b6f148,纵情笑闹85ed673c4ba84a99b2657bd4bf3e62bc,任由自己的血管为美酒怒张KjVjMTY2NzE2NjAzMWM=。他们疯狂地拥抱、接吻JjVjMTY2NzE2NWY4ZDc=,肆无忌惮地性交NWMxNjY3MTY2MDMzOQ==。法国学者丹纳评价这幅名画:“在鲜艳洁白的裸体上面MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGe9qKmi,在肉欲旺盛的血色上面18b773d1298b0fa895a8b2882344c18dc310bfad,在毫无顾忌的放荡中间4a1e7822e040802633e6d8f0db16fba74577e655,尽量炫耀生活的富足2d20ce97ed58866a31312b71f47b2095,尽量发泄粗野的快乐……”c555b798ec837aa7083997b721960e74

 KjVjMTY2NzE2NWU4NDg=

显然MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGiwk7mi,卢本斯并不是在杜撰故事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkGixtbmi,他描写的是先后饱受过勃艮第公国、日耳曼帝国和西班牙蹂躏2ed1f105925cca9888ae319ad469ff72,又经历了残酷的宗教战争之后QDVjMTY2NzE2NWY5OTk=,法兰德斯人终于获得了一个难得的休养生息的大好时期KjVjMTY2NzE2NWY5YjU=,于是他们原始的生命力复苏了XjVjMTY2NzE2NWY5Y2Q=,历史的记忆也被激活了287ee10bd33a4598459bb4d7f787be54916a754c,来自各方面的文化禁忌都失效了08ff767d8ad897714a901cdd777d7706,一种更为健壮有力的“人”被凸现出来……这说明ITVjMTY2NzE2NWZhMjI=,酒神节的仪式从来就没有被人们遗忘过51741981a6086a8375e794826768d380JTVjMTY2NzE2NWU4NmQ=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjGex26mi

17世纪e124e8802b097840762ebecac938a52b7f943996,欧洲又开始盛行希腊罗马式的祭神仪式8070055ffda72bd5488201ad9163f7c6。这些活动中有一种似乎回归到了圣娼时代f6a665269119328bda064e5c57e290269b33387bb880458c93813e109730c0fdb338fbe2

 7d92d3cc9e1de638dc62e6fcd587069f71e55fe6

在参与仪式活动的男女中IzVjMTY2NzE2NWZhNTY=,允许人们彼此亲吻身体的任何部位963633e8aaa0a505e159d298839f0cde6420476e。在场的“魔鬼”们一旦提出要求ITVjMTY2NzE2NWZhNmU=,女人便有义务跟他们性交ff985697bc17dba68187c5c9779bd9e7,不能拒绝KjVjMTY2NzE2NjAzYzM=。但“魔鬼”往往很坏MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkZuyqLmi,他们常常用淫具“把女人弄得大喊大叫”KjVjMTY2NzE2NWZhYmY=,因为那些玩具生殖器“就像骡子那玩意儿一样”0fb8bb91d39ab49c44b2200d3c574d7f13edf77f,还“像鱼一样长着鳞片”1eb2c06d437e40488625b97472aa6873,要么是“滚烫的”5c149e9b43f27924c2b39b757b486d2015a9a992,要么是“冰凉的”……MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjGe827mi

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjGe9qLGi

到17世纪末MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKkZywpc-i,还出现过由皇家组织的群交狂欢活动:菲利浦二世的亚当节MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeK2828ei。高贵绅士和美丽的命妇淑女们a2ded6bccb8a198aeae9eda4fa637bafedd897c7,夜夜都聚集在永不消散的宫廷夜宴上2d7d1fa114a8705946740b2af1ab81346459b93a,争奇斗艳JjVjMTY2NzE2NWZiNjk=,优雅风流e1ecdccec718684341277c541c6b49cc874cc478,而每次宴会都有个高潮e61c4aa8d456e7f4701faa351c5898d5,那就是随意地群交……9a4d248e50d4f9cf5ff8ca453e3344ab

 1d14538c289dfbfa85ab4ff0ffa2ea43f52b2274

酒神节狂欢所表达的性交崇拜和对群交历史的再现3f1a927f5100d03f1bf76b822a2c91e5,一直深深地刺激着人类d4a400721e39ada75841ab327b33171bcf090e3f,以至那种历史的记忆在心灵上已成为抹杀不掉的痕迹c9379f8ba61e40365822cb7d59131bfbf985b44a。甚至直到眼下JTVjMTY2NzE2NWZiZjk=,澳大利亚人在圣诞节时仍可跳进国王十字街的喷水池中876d28d0fd387567e80f1b9b6d22e827,在那里享受陌生男女相互亲吻、性交之乐e4b44ffe8dd67c3f8e34ea67938a64693d51d37f25165de28e1afde64e5a9a6722e0a6b6

778aa34a515f40680843557951a9f459

如果说55a3d26e89ab17b1ff6d7440bb8386ba8e3b7544,罗马政府对酒神节活动的镇压是出于政治考虑的话3d937884495f47fed6b56e0d63632a3c,那么KjVjMTY2NzE2NWZjNjM=,上古时期的中国同样是出于政治考虑MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qhd6EzLyXgYqLYr6ghGW8yKGi,在力劝它的人民积极参与“仲春之会”——一种类似酒神节的“团体操”狂欢活动MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeGOwtbmiKjVjMTY2NzE2NWU5NzM=

 NWMxNjY3MTY1ZTk4Zg==

有趣的是d62795e2481f2ca96cca96f11040d5addbb36d4d,罗马帝国没能堵住汹涌澎湃的酒神节活动274df16725affc931e872b45c7380cf8,自己却被裹挟进去a338b622ffc9b081c6578066f22a2e33,醉得一塌糊涂154dad31cd46a3e02bf0e6abf7fb345668f5fb73,最终导致了帝国的灭亡f127270dcad1544899d0f37d4c9138d8。而古代中国历代王朝始终都领导着性游戏的潮流0ed0dbd63617529fdcc210231f9def82,常常开风气之先JTVjMTY2NzE2NWZkNGE=,上行下效JDVjMTY2NzE2NWZkNjE=,却能安邦治国JjVjMTY2NzE2NWZkODM=,实现有效的社会控制MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KdeGOxpbWiJDVjMTY2NzE2NWU5YTg=

 cdd8d1a509ca97e80ef5761610a1e32d

KjVjMTY2NzE2NWU5ZDY=

bb5eda33ef32e6c7238b75afc523c0a3

ea4f130ba4ad9cb6207d40d4f1948019b9edbb6f

书名:《性文化简史》JDVjMTY2NzE2NWVhMjI=

作者:李书崇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjZuwy7mi

出版方:北京斯坦威图书有限责任公司df816cc024206ce57372e943d2b25c9c

XjVjMTY2NzE2NWVhNjg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCDtryWgrB3Y7KKjZuxzrGi

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