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长辫子的清朝男人怎么剪刘海?丨历史八卦咨询处

前额光亮无毛da3c5d2cc9788c186eb6864512abe065,后脑拖一大辫子8c85975e14702042782f82a000a506e5,这就是我们对末代王朝一个男性发型最外在的记忆61bbb46a6dbc6f1d04f3d4d4a3fcd571fbeebaecc87c47ec4187b27e9ddcc3360737d5fc578dc46d

其实778fc44316eb8bb97a6f281ab755a353,要说大清男人的发型a25459cf747cfaf0805a07f3c82beaf52b0419d0,原本也不是这样子的QDVkMDcxNDM1MWIxNTA=。历史的细节处JDVkMDcxNDM1MWFhZjk=,总会展露她丰富多彩的迷人之处MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgKuxtami。清朝男人的发型168054cf3d27af85c1f60bc5c0c0e80887281b75,也有过润发无声的时尚潮流JTVkMDcxNDM1MWIxNjA=8a7c265ed57972290c7e5715af0f333b

e98b4a770e31632898cc1696e167251c

接下来你将看到:   MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGSytbGi

● 清朝的辫子究竟长什么样   fc9b7ec962c5d1a9981ccc51c9c390b31846b2f6

● 皇上的发型也变过   268ac68f9006861a74c1241593ce807b73e6fa90

● 黑长粗:男人的审美关键词   c45b3cb82ff78e163219eb0bf426af47c3140033

● 清末美男:大辫子+齐刘海  7fd261a79c8cdfd9f7dd55c4f0025cd1

发量丰盛的值班编辑 / 老梁f3f816fc0be1d5483c6eea947d2d1d33

清朝的辫子究竟长什么样48d29cb30f072a9d8cf7a69ee995b21b

 -+-按照儒家经典的说法2486cc0023fad51e71fe23252aada19cc8e18a9f,“身体发肤15af20c505fa6aaf57c99639144db320,受之父母XjVkMDcxNDM1MWFiMWM=,不敢毁伤JDVkMDcxNDM1MWFiMjU=,孝之始也”JjVkMDcxNDM1MWFiMmQ=,所以MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZywzrmi,一般讲来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZyw27mi,汉族男子的头发1a1f446dc9887936124c800e1df44fdcaaea36e7,不剪不剃QDVkMDcxNDM1MWFiNGU=,延续到明朝时IzVkMDcxNDM1MWFiNTU=,基本采用的仍是束发为髻的发式JTVkMDcxNDM1MWIxNjc=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGS9taWi

晚明时期曾有西洋传教士巴克士(Martin de Rada)如是描述a5e0d6b49dfca1b7d40b613cdd69479bIzVkMDcxNDM1MWE1ZWY=

“明代男子为有满头长发而骄傲c9595e0fc87c1050921b0591dede57857a723bbb,他们把头发留得很长f8107bb38afe49e22a2c670b14453894,然后在头顶上盘成发结c471e7bb084a14e6f77ef4698b6d7236da8b5588,再用一个中间分开的发网套住eaf2e7b1493a33c5916087a696fd4c6a,使头发被夹住并被固定在这个位置上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZyxk72i,在发髻顶上戴上一顶帽子MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZyypcei,这是他们一般最常见的头饰……每天早晨他们梳理和装饰自己的头发要花去很多时间MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KiUgbCHqb2dfGW8yKGi。”NWQwNzE0MzUxYTVmYg==

1691fddb95052f7f13d0c1272cbb8dea9b7d5244

明代缫丝工图(图中挽髻发型可见)JTVkMDcxNDM1MWFiOTQ=,图片出自1637年《天工开物》fe712eeb44795f6ce7439e7cba999b28

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGWwqLWi

清王朝由满洲人建立b942d83196241eca6984ef5240780914be845af5,彼时在明朝称女真MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KiUgbCHqb2dfGaxoqGi。女真的先人ITVkMDcxNDM1MWFiYTU=,两晋时称肃慎(或挹娄)c188c1a22535445ae8dc80f605c7b143,唐代称靺鞨JDVkMDcxNDM1MWFiYjg=,以及宋时的大金王朝920bd6edd998fc6b93653e41e20c208cc2ceda45。史书有言IzVkMDcxNDM1MWFiYmY=,该族发式“皆编发”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZy826Wi,也就是说一直以来都是辫发MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgKuypcui933124411104e4baca88ecc47be60ce1a028f92a

KjVkMDcxNDM1MWE2Mjg=

晚明时期MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZy8k6mi,朝鲜人曾留下了对满洲人辫发的记载afa7a72c98f06cbb820ca2ffb9ebfbf6。朝鲜使臣申忠义曾说5c711291c3ecbd87d0e88a5889de297ba8a8f184,“胡俗皆剃发3c69d36ccdface382439575c49f51174,只留脑后少许MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZy9tbmi,上下二条结辫以垂8743cfc625606170ba9edf6e0157e1fea297a8d3。”0da6e429038c7379de48da99921ea8a425ec3053

8a6d5833b2e1558a92744dd104f0ac83

另一位朝鲜人李民寏在其所著《建州闻见录》一书中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZy9uLWi,也说“顶后存发如小指许”1add62f4477c87d5803082cd66efeffc3caec6c5,“编而垂之左”b722e663fa8f18612c1c5add8a5595b2。如此数量稀少、又编辫子的发型fcdce76a65da0c70a7ffbdfb2655be38,在明朝人的眼中e42b9fb67b93f4647027b7be7c5f3e5ed24953fe,简直可说是“削发如僧”595678f403ca7e682fd1fb147b6a3cca,李自成领导的农民军还称之“海和尚”KjVkMDcxNDM1MWIxYjA=c48caca2b568805f2022cafc1a5649c742fc2c7a

d2fea17fdb00e67685637b70a6702aa5

民国时印銮章所编《清鉴》一书IzVkMDcxNDM1MWFjMzU=,总结此种现象相当到位XjVkMDcxNDM1MWFjM2M=,评论说“时南北两方JjVkMDcxNDM1MWFjNDY=,以长城为界限463e58d80905cc6728e276d8af9c6a4d,南为束发83850d336abad92122a20473909e5f33,北为辫发c999b1605c81dc0dcb6f8672ffd9844b,两民族之繁衍MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ2xuLWi,呈历史上之奇观”XjVkMDcxNDM1MWIxYjc=4894ec96c563a08dc1934617361cf55e

XjVkMDcxNDM1MWE2NWE=

随着八旗兵由北向南推进MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ2xy7Wi,并最终统一全国政权bd0b0011c43769728d8ae8f581c96fcbebdcd4e9,满族人也相应地把本族的发式推广到了汉族聚居的广大地区MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KiUgbCHqb2dfZy8sqGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGWxuK2i

IzVkMDcxNDM1MWE2Njg=

XjVkMDcxNDM1MWE2NmY=

ITVkMDcxNDM1MWE2N2E=

79d9918b2ca4c9221c4aa8cef83e1e4d

● 晚清男性的发型QDVkMDcxNDM1MWE2OGI=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGWyqLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGWytbWi

皇上的发型也变过JTVkMDcxNDM1MWE2YTM=

 -+-df715a8cb528bb57bbd926fac9ac67f4

ITVkMDcxNDM1MWE2YjM=

有趣的是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ2x27Wi,清军在入关之初f9003de196f27c3ff82a856cde5d9705,发型其实也经过了一番“微整”4c1fdc541ed74e96b9b4dc6fe2da78731f890a26IzVkMDcxNDM1MWE2YmM=

917f4f32995995aadb29ba9e56c708e2

当时留居北京的日本商人竹内藤MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ2ypbGi,在《鞑靼漂流记》一书中写道:0ab0656f9cb29447e6e4ef02e6e1d28a

e86e6a66f0feed1a3f6994ccfdb2c062

“(满洲人)都剃头MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ2yqLGi,把头顶上的头发留下来a72284dbda1185f4a985e3a0ecf1c6672b895f08,分成三绺编成辫子KjVkMDcxNDM1MWI0MjA=。他们男子把唇上的胡须留下来504b881ebc81fa8a66388042bc7603f2a2324bcd,把下面剃掉737997c7460350a61445470e760e6b8e8c6f5055,无论是大官、小官和老百姓都一样aab2937bcf79ec19ec094703d504360aedb8413c。”8ac7295d70b168d08beff39f353f83dd

294541e400c267852c60659279361468007f5f47

也就是说QDVkMDcxNDM1MWFjYjY=,满洲人的留发部位变了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ28y8ei,由先前的脑后移到了头顶MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgGOwy8-iKjVkMDcxNDM1MWE2ZWQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGW9uLmi

据学者分析MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ28zrmi,发式“微整”IzVkMDcxNDM1MWFjY2I=,一方面是坚持他们的剃发政策JjVkMDcxNDM1MWFjZDU=,另一方面则是改变汉人对其秃顶似僧的印象3358a395c1206f8290265c23e166bd45,用以表现统治者的庄重与尊严JjVkMDcxNDM1MWI0M2M=d9a60c9d054bba3115a91a101719cd5e1d0e636a

NWQwNzE0MzUxYTcwNw==

但当时的民族矛盾尖锐6412b9ebf7355b215e8d76efbe651aec,这样的发式MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ29tcei,在汉人的眼中40d3fdaac7e85e2ef7bd634f11f81d1d,又变成了另一番可描述的言语e6a32443b5af31ffc9c170685528426d。彼时有称“金钱鼠尾”式XjVkMDcxNDM1MWFkMDE=,“金钱小顶”或者“小顶辫发”942fb6c8f5fbece3969b60e05c1e6a0aeec7639b,也就是说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ6wpc-i,把脑袋四周头发全部剃掉JDVkMDcxNDM1MWFkMTY=,只留一顶如“钱”大小的面积1f37d0d64d3fc0670ca2660f369ba9157f623231,再编成小辫8149064d1c6c2e9f23367da3cbabe7ad。头发量少4f1baddf3387b93be91b14ee71b54faf99acef66,自然酷似老鼠尾巴083d65a00a0c6365ce6e5dee5f87a7a8b8150bc366328fe9fe7c614be15b9999

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGawta2i

QDVkMDcxNDM1MWE3MjM=

b4f706fa56e43d956eed22355c7b37db

XjVkMDcxNDM1MWE3MzM=

● 《清俗纪闻》中梳理工具图809859a79cc2a060bb6b66d4f106eb01,中有剃头刀d14cf3e8730686be4aee65b256b92f7b

cc7de74f6972f88d6b89ec01a700a245

清军在推广标准发式的过程中54ebe745b6e4bc4dd48ca4754d182154,对于那些不合规格的发型都会严惩不贷MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KiUgbCHqb2diGS8sqGi。当时有称“剃不如式”、“顶辫微大”或者剃后“续长寸余”而不“速剃”者MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ6wk6mi,都会被开刀问斩744d66440debcbd323edc9301cffab84KjVkMDcxNDM1MWE3NGI=

 a919f87d9927dc466d80b6a07e64d330a878a411

31971811e54eaaebb28b18f8dcf14c97

黑长粗:男人的审美关键词MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGaxuLGi

 -+-e86bae220dfeca8dc48d3c1ac690b5ac8b240156

JTVkMDcxNDM1MWE3NzM=

等到满洲统治者稳定社会秩序b045630b752a43c1cd116b86c499fb4b,由“革命党”向“执政党”转变之际f12654c6e7298ddb703a740070511e39,政府对于发式问题似乎变得宽容了7cc9611ec3866291cf23097630c55e288e536b91QDVkMDcxNDM1MWE3N2E=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGaxk62i

1799年8674d792a183ba32fc8b82bb8eb195d5,日本出版了一本反映清朝中期社会生活的书c9cf87837acf19a6234338616db23ef1e52b5811,名为《清俗纪闻》JjVkMDcxNDM1MWI0ODA=。该书《冠礼》篇中有一教书先生的发式引人关注42222e08d7d6d4a0784891a424a45d8b08aa4220。图中教师留发部位与清初相同9511b2e43c776c448d01ca66dd308b96,不过蓄发数量明显增加MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ6xzqmi,约有一掌心大小168150588c6951155ea2193c3db1c899,辫子也长了许多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgGOyqKmiXjVkMDcxNDM1MWE3OGI=

JjVkMDcxNDM1MWE3OTI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGaytbGi

3e90ce5cffd329e7ce68c4b4d6844302

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KiUgbCHqb2Hm5uw2KGi

● 《清俗纪闻》中辫子、花帽、总角图be9ec366084fe745814d2d98c9391475

 bfc5781e3577a284e2459931533afd01

晚清之际IzVkMDcxNDM1MWFkN2U=,国人的发型又有新的变化MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgGOytbGi。1865年ffb6db629cd655eefb42fcf908602a5451b4d073,曾经在中国生活多年的美国传教士卢公明(Justus DoolittleMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ6ypcui,1824-1880)JTVkMDcxNDM1MWFkOTc=,出版了一本书《中国人的社会生活》3a08a93f2062848610ca3ea074e18a41。书中写道JjVkMDcxNDM1MWFkOWU=e2bc9b8575aefc24e2e34826ab99e4b9

JjVkMDcxNDM1MWE3Y2Q=

“除了道士与和尚XjVkMDcxNDM1MWFkYTc=,一般人包括官员的脑袋每隔十天半月就要用剃刀刮干净JDVkMDcxNDM1MWFkYWY=,只留下头顶后部圆圆的一块JTVkMDcxNDM1MWFkYjg=,任头发无限制地生长MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ68y8-i,编成一根三股辫QDVkMDcxNDM1MWFkYzg=,自然垂在背后67d77b88244e529d1df41055c35a0ec4,辫梢扎上丝带以免散开”994b0769847489e7a4830ad543696569KjVkMDcxNDM1MWE3ZDU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGa9pb2i

然而此时76d7b10e9d81c66033c76959db115180d6b086f4,随着“金钱鼠尾”原教旨的衰落32a201cbb11e927e140bedad2d80d313,中国人对辫子的审美是“又长又黑又粗”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgGO8uLGiNWQwNzE0MzUxYTdlNQ==

c2e76a5dde3fd978cf7fd38b3dcbbcc6349a9510

卢公明在那本书里记录到e3615f77094d89b48e1c2c4908a56d27,“有人觉得自己的头发不够长c96b1b08d13caa56ee9fb529aea96d03,辫子不够好看038185dc7cd51fa420732cb4bca01ca34ca2e9cd,花很大的精力把别人的落发细心地织进自己的辫子来加长dcb506ab6c85021558a30812c027f1d8。有些人的目标是要留出一条几乎长及地面的辫子”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgGO8zr2ib050ba7dd5f7fc997b2482263991f8434e4e9a60

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGa9y8-i

三十年后a3d9a0f21655d83dc90d938e17033cfc,同是教中兄弟的美国人何天爵(Chester Holcombe1a161f12d5b9cd10dc042bc0905f611e3f4fae19,1844-1912)5c30f47895b5bd67d9726a0698609d06690bf2e3,出版《本色中国人》一书ITVkMDcxNDM1MWI0Y2Q=。书中也提到中国人“有一条长长的辫子”27fc1649f3ae8201de990015fc0b478e581f2a00,“头发又粗又直9893a8ae7f33c082c124dfd625ebd8f0,乌黑发亮”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ-wy7mi,为了让辫子变得更长、更粗7c9490e77c12e91479b564360adc865471e896a1,中国人还会使用接发技术6d626e533461928d5aaf44f50bdb8e3663e643fe,在头发里编入一些马鬃或者生丝JjVkMDcxNDM1MWI0ZDU=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGewpbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGewqLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KiUgbCHqb2HnquxyKGi

8f61dc0c8816c65fe15ae7ccd8247d33

0ce93e93d94e51cdc1b5189b71157c4b4b715914

● 广东街头的行人2bffc79447fb692bafc0fe6429027eec3021a206,注意左一那位几乎拖到地上的辫子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGewzr2i

JTVkMDcxNDM1MWE4M2U=

上述情形在蒙古镶黄旗人鲍奉宽遗作中也有表述:“(男子)辫梢当缀三股黑色线穂IzVkMDcxNDM1MWI0ZGU=。发短者XjVkMDcxNDM1MWFlNGQ=,或续编三股假发c6dbfce9cc034459a693f15464a81d91,名辫连子35bd45633c59b71aa392ab59d8c44f84ffe2d029,丝线制者70a6e62398b62cc035281c2a4620f812,名线连子75bf0ef1c4944ac12d5c91e1d5fe0824f83ad422,此式至老不改”JTVkMDcxNDM1MWI0ZTY=4fa41868d2da0cd9348200966b0cb184

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGexpcei

可以说JDVkMDcxNDM1MWFlNzY=,晚清时期留一条粗而长的辫子MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ-x28ei,或者添些假发续长836a32520d74e3c1d66714ebd0898294,要放在清初MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ-ypcei,定属不合规格的杀头之列17004dff6a3ec365733da9918e5777b2d4503a01QDVkMDcxNDM1MWE4NTU=

9ee08c378fe34ad06432760b95fdcc2597db754e

这种情况表明IzVkMDcxNDM1MWFlOTQ=,在清朝统治中国的二百余年间IzVkMDcxNDM1MWFlOWI=,满汉之间在发型问题上慢慢找到了交点:在统治者的禁令之下fad2c579de79d9ee940482a1794b1bb11c277db4,多一点XjVkMDcxNDM1MWFlYWI=,再多一点8f7bfa5646f060c4f9471ce125bf123860e54211JTVkMDcxNDM1MWE4Njc=

 JjVkMDcxNDM1MWE4NzI=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGex27Gi

清末美男:大辫子+齐刘海0eb69832beb935b74e89ae2391902258d670d2df

 -+-ITVkMDcxNDM1MWE4ODk=

ITVkMDcxNDM1MWE4OTA=

不幸的是KjVkMDcxNDM1MWFlYjQ=,清朝男子的发型刚开始还只是个国内民族间的议题JDVkMDcxNDM1MWFlYmQ=,到后来外国人也掺乎进来e6420d287b7a9a8be8ad920632f7570679e438d6,又成了一个国际议题MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgGO9y72iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGeytami

50cb02fc5a40fc90ecb56ef02fbcf667e78f1beb

近代以来b9c2a5949d191a0c01c69383458e1c85,随着东西实力的此消彼长MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZ-8k7mi,晚清中国人的形象在老外那儿日益下跌NWQwNzE0MzUxYWVkZQ==,变成了“半开化”的民族00b38fd0782d8825acc78a42b68c8464,辫子也就成了他们揶揄、嘲笑的对象8aee7bc99cec2dc422c15b7cafa66daa83f1d0b8。初时老外用pigtail来称呼辫子f1733c1d0d68122ed5d503c3f08bf76d,本无歧视之意77170d11671ba1e9ccb07f84f35031cb710ab403,后来蓄意将这个词拆开78e110d959b6b96f0d1e172085bc8525,变成了“pig’s tail”5a07e06c82b7a551b0b172cd1cd6b95a。跟进的日本人也不忘踩一脚JTVkMDcxNDM1MWFmMDc=,直接招呼为“豚尾”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgGSwqL2iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGeyuL2i

573f7199c7816d2454602620a68e48d9bf656c6e

a66a17c909cffd92dfe8a457afdb1028d0ee320c

NWQwNzE0MzUxYThjYQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGe8k7Gi

● 晚晴宁波街头的剃头匠KjVkMDcxNDM1MWE4ZGU=

3fd85922fe21588259d007bea2487bd8

有鉴于此MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfaCwpcui,戊戌变法期间5f69f1691fafa2320c6e30cd3d498f6a,维新派大佬康有为就曾给光绪帝上奏折《请断发易服改元折》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgGSwtcei。折子中说明剪辫的若干理由:4ac5c0595d3620b7da6dd1885f5909bd8febd00f

69bd05a23f1d043fb6a1b9680960341a

1_是所处机器时代d1dd13374099fc862e289d359ea8b198bb6ca7cd,工人“辫发长垂8863fb37cc62716c1411350e767500669d38bb55,行动摇舞XjVkMDcxNDM1MWFmMzE=,误缠机器1ce1886d2325449fd34b1fe775f47fd8dc68786a,可以立死”;2d5e961f79c8ca4cd008d9578ac86f0cba4d98d4

2_是军事上“执戈跨马NWQwNzE0MzUxYWY0Mw==,辫尤不便”;JjVkMDcxNDM1MWE5MDk=

3_是头发过多JTVkMDcxNDM1MWFmNGQ=,易增污垢ITVkMDcxNDM1MWFmNTU=,梳洗费时;06d50f352820d037256c925c065645aaae4342b9

4_是出访外国NWQwNzE0MzUxYWY1ZA==,易遭讥讽73b7044ebc817295b922d2109ee2d762819aa51d901f84765a5a002a13db2ca6

524d0b1b4bc8f9df3a4001a3ddaa6440

这些改革者和同时期的革命者主张8235288c1552d5a68822e6a58ccd2dbc,辫子这个东西MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfaCxy8ui,等于全国人民和皇上一起玩羞耻play98ccde9f3f09aa60707cf37e34733205dd5c3da7,又过时又丢人5745f03cf453fbf669228af974f2eab3,不如统统剪掉9375b179d334cbcf388df38d68ca7d53e7f9036ab424a2621e7768d0714a8115

62b8b2412a2ea1d0170e948dee948b298504736f

这样激烈的主张当然是被拒绝的IzVkMDcxNDM1MWI1M2Y=e78f59e5dccc452eb676374048d2c7430be76c17

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGiwk7mi

不过人民群众总能找到默默抵抗的办法2270c9480e769a69654e88ea8ae3b72b。在清朝最后十几年0228635dbc5a3d348d514e283a8377d6,一些地区的青年男子辫虽留存9a562ffe69f4dba022d9ac98063f767b,不过推崇在前额留发、形似刘海的发型MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgGSxpc-i。彼时有一首诗《前刘海歌》讽刺这类爱美男性JjVkMDcxNDM1MWI1NTg=。诗道:713308398ce61d5d42a4a27865902d3d7f83064e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGixqL2i

“毛发排云软覆额MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfaCytbWi,如今竟作时髦妆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgGSxtc-i364341a27951360a0095d2ff80a0bf70ae442f32

少年殷勤苦求效IzVkMDcxNDM1MWFmYTI=,不畏千人万人笑ITVkMDcxNDM1MWI1NmI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGixy7Gi

对镜朝朝自梳掠JDVkMDcxNDM1MWFmYTk=,妆成真与花争貌JTVkMDcxNDM1MWI1NzQ=2c13c9ad9841e201b3a0e7f991dd5687b85f58f6

可怜学子娇青春3e39df149f42252f0b8c0a16e38bab1c7946b29a,覆发亦仿寻常人JTVkMDcxNDM1MWI1N2M=。”KjVkMDcxNDM1MWE5N2M=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGixk7Wi

这“前刘海”的发型a4c478be62a71b25e60f8fb456d62ea3,画风是这样子的:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGiypbWi

8ed5c7d535b6ca84f88cf577b05a24f5

6cdc3b6dadd8da4d9d190813e045298a

JDVkMDcxNDM1MWE5YTU=

d3131a4ee697dfded6f8c448f1d3d2a81d15daf7

● 图片来源:《神州日报》5d869782d3b289c35e59adf1058d54fdb185e847,1910年4月MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KiUgbCHqb2KkZ2xoqGi,第4版29055ab22be72495722b019abaf6c8436c0e0ac3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGi8y7mi

当时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfaC8k7Gi,“前刘海”发型在南北各大城市相当盛行IzVkMDcxNDM1MWI1ODU=。有报纸评论说4c64b7551a1dedf223c6e19dafce0fbb,北京浮薄少年“额前垂发JTVkMDcxNDM1MWFmZTg=,俗名刘海31347845ae06a3798cdf3479a7eb9b95,形同妇女IzVkMDcxNDM1MWFmZjc=,类近娼优176c255cda2022212e32b5fa5b474aaccf52523e,不知羞耻a3f9228712ba23bd3e6454d50aca0cef1e128ecb,实属有伤风化”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgGSypb2i。又有论“杭州人之剪去发辫者不多3cc5a2f7b00b28bc0abfe6bc55083ba0,而剪去者多自成一式MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgKqwtami,发作人字形JDVkMDcxNDM1MWIwMjM=,从中心披下0b271e70876114934b8d083d0f1545ed,并无头颅9940b59c6e4d042008ae7a668f2fd410,自远望之03b63e83acacb39c27a4cdca33c7a722,无异刘海”ef13c519ff8c347206dc6da933e7ef70MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGi8zr2i

0ed1dfbcd7a9ae69bc254d3bcee4cdf4

1908年山东巡警道更发布告示ITVkMDcxNDM1MWIwNDI=,严厉禁止“前刘海”KjVkMDcxNDM1MWI1OWM=JDVkMDcxNDM1MWE5ZDY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGi9pcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfGi9taWi

2b7135a9b5e6714fb53e4140d48328008e7f061e

XjVkMDcxNDM1MWE5Zjg=

JDVkMDcxNDM1MWE5ZmY=

● 图片来源:《时事报馆戊申全年画报》38dc3fbf49bd9daa51534937eae40861,1908年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgKqxqKmi,卷36上MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZuwpaWi

6d537fbb600819620e4c624f89ad058d

禁止归禁止QDVkMDcxNDM1MWIwNWM=,直到清末KjVkMDcxNDM1MWIwNjQ=,仍有报纸反映说IzVkMDcxNDM1MWIwNmQ=,青年男子的发型翻新785966ff10796544da8d97e39869745e,有齐眉形、弯月形、人字形等多种刘海的样式;发型又与服装搭配NWQwNzE0MzUxYjA4NA==,出现了有辫之西装、无辫之华装、有辫之华装和无辫之西装等四种人XjVkMDcxNDM1MWI1YTQ=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZuwtaWi

JjVkMDcxNDM1MWFhMWU=

革命者的剪辫、时尚青年的前刘海33fb97c383c6fa921e08c40afbb59cfa197016f6,在在透露出大清王朝在社会治理方面越来越软弱无力4a0b74dac1863cb813d1acbdda231ad9,老百姓越来越把朝廷和皇上不当回事d71ed42dc824997a38067099da3b38d76ea9ce8d。1911年NWQwNzE0MzUxYjA5Zg==,清政府终于下达一道谕旨cb8aa6bee21b4a64a3955f65a3da3d781b9c506f,内中说ITVkMDcxNDM1MWIwYjA=,“资政院奏恳请降旨6519a417dc741cfaf24d3622214c7b7d,即行剪发MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KiUgbCHqb2deZy8yKGi,以昭大同一折9f18ac70004906dddf79e7d3a15f166ec70ae0cc。凡我臣民099997ce846351eb12fe4f38404e6de5,均准其自由剪发”2cf63e62fa54451aa5d5e3fe28188b05f1af99cbMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZuwuL2i

09d03dfef640d80c45d8116a180d4d663aed2d5c

可惜f786665ba7ce6a033690d8cb10bd3182,这时候武昌已经起过义了6ba32b986738f883f2595d25d04bb8ad7bd59b1bMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZuwzr2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZuw272i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KiUgbCHqb2KfK29yKGi

fe1a3cf8bd8d3b6b051f647929204cd677090d20

● 平头的“末代皇帝”5a850564de867c4f14c5482f42520b91145a3f39

参考资料:b5536bc7f9a19a8cef191dc2ee7cca79

冯尔康:《清初的剃发与易衣冠——兼论民族关系史研究内容》XjVkMDcxNDM1MWIwZGE=,载《史学集刊》JTVkMDcxNDM1MWIwZTE=,1985(2); KjVkMDcxNDM1MWFhNjg=

王冬芳:《剃发——清初民族征服政策失败的实例》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgKq9ta2i,载《第二届明清史国际学术讨论会论文集》XjVkMDcxNDM1MWIwZjE=,天津:天津人民出版社MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKgKq9y62i,1993年;JDVkMDcxNDM1MWFhNzA=

北京市档案馆编:《北京档案史料(2003.4)》ba44058a6e0ead1e1940d4a38a3ef73c5d107937,北京:新华出版社6c3ad67510c8bef5439cf8c9a599c2510eca5f00,2003年;MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZux26mi

侯杰、胡伟:《剃发·蓄发·剪发——清代辫发的身体政治史研究》ff72dc4dbcbe19d88fbf25c0e76c89c5cb0c0261,载《学术月刊》f43411bd34738803968f62c5c4917021,2005(10);MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcgnp_YrGKfZux28-i

张德安:《身体的争夺与展示——近世中国发式变迁中的权力斗争》0fb01b6c15e2dd697bae61d64063dd26,载《中国社会历史评论》a2e07aaa4cedecf31ac37e2d7e0e73b4,2006年第7卷;4cba42962f504438e19db805856ece06

张世瑛:《清末民初的剪辫风潮及其所反映的社会心态》83151b07c62df02ec4409b577fb18bbd,载台湾《国史馆馆刊》3c77a95d9494fd625a7554723929e165,2009(22)ITVkMDcxNDM1MWI1Y2Q=ITVkMDcxNDM1MWFhOTE=

END75be53eee95a91528ccdeeb71c835edb6b5cc8b1

eaed56a6e7a2fdb0b56dc408c0c4f07522f01170

d91a84a31fc7eea31bae73fd407e6d301fc615b6

f0f0598846a862c207eacaec6650ecba4476da34

ITVkMDcxNDM1MWFhYjU=

4f0d2beedacc759b292ff636653c952d62377671

1470dc8e69ccd604d748f356cd6a163c7f713346

a7157c0789f74edc12153396338e2375d4577179

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