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二人转为什么那么黄?因为人家是母系氏族的萨满神教啊

提起二人转a1d46d7d4110278d6eb5da742180475343d72fa9,你一定不会陌生MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGexy8ei。就算没看过现场表演f2a1b29f0d927d0df4c00f556813f08d,但你肯定能说出两个人名——赵本山和小沈阳QDVjYzJlZmVmMzM4Nzk=。再深粉儿一点36b8cb3789335f895d3d6cc222cd9050,可能还知道象牙山天团——本杰明·刘能、尼古拉斯·赵四、比利·大脑袋和莫吉·谢广坤MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGexk6mi。有人觉得二人转又土鳖又低俗e5f9429a14e07ede08500608e46e6a459e8901c7,咋咋呼呼MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGOwy62i,污力无限ae29581adaf82b53cbf94407ce1652e70f4a3680,连下里巴人都算不上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGeypa2i。可你知道吗?人家的祖宗辈儿可是听起来又神秘又威风的萨满MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtCDz7nRjo2Lq7Gtnme8yKGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCP3K3QjqOInrGtgZ-8zqmi

接下来你将看到:     XjVjYzJlZmVmMzJlZWI=

● 二人转罕见的以女为上     022df912e326f7c85a7264535bcac515

● 二人转里为什么女尊男卑?     KjVjYzJlZmVmMzJmMDE=

● 黄段子多也是祖传的     MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGtgaCwpbGi

● 跳大神跟二人转也有联系05c8da578f70ab29e228ff416f4b2377

身为东北人但从不看二人转的值班编辑 / 雪竹JTVjYzJlZmVmMzJmMjI=

 f6aca309bcd1ac7e50445aed31741bd651976d88

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGtgaCwzq2i

二人转罕见的以女为上82ab10271caf874a30c0bed1ff0246fa

 -+-JTVjYzJlZmVmMzJmNDM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGtgaCxpbWi

跳舞的赵四是二人转演员0b607225fa9b98371a9791198518996087ddac21,唱曲儿的刘能是二人转演员MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGOxpami,演小品的小沈阳也是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGeytb2i。那二人转究竟是唱、是演还是跳?337af00ce9df5c66b24fdeabdcbd2151

 JjVjYzJlZmVmMzJmNTk=

事实上MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGOxpc-i,都是NWNjMmVmZWYzMzhhYQ==。二人转是流传于东北各地的具有说唱风格的民间小戏a946a2fe79adb51690be7c8cc6b4bb8c。一开始叫“蹦蹦戏”2337d252c97506f88e42b078ebb243d4,演员都是农民7c5e0ca4a17773fe1bdbed9d2b1d30ed654d7d04。农忙时没人唱9c2181cd2213d73b36c125c12939ba49,只有闲下来了JTVjYzJlZmVmMzM0NjU=,两个人即兴唱一段MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGe8zrmi。别人喜欢听什么JTVjYzJlZmVmMzM0NmM=,就唱什么;大家喜欢看什么12352fddfebcbd98f956be92951e4778,就演什么MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGe828ei4c91c2418cc2ae84774ad96d167ed9d9

 1bb5e2cfea3805d683b87891e1cfe3bd

这使得二人转杂糅了许多其他艺术元素ITVjYzJlZmVmMzM0N2Y=,比如“东北大鼓”、“皮影”、“相声”、“梆子”等等JjVjYzJlZmVmMzM4ZDY=。而且要抄就大大方方地抄97f78ea977a86658618ec07673d1a3fa,二人转行规里有“撸叶子”一词dff690a55575eaf20595ac88a6d87f18,指的就是学习别的艺术形式MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGOyqLmi,甚至学习同行艺人的经典技艺f45f7bb331dcaeddefefee097affc4ccJjVjYzJlZmVmMzJmNzE=

648e59237f8bdf3302d4e00a4ab9ebe3

在东北大秧歌的基础上不断“撸叶子”ffe42e343aff409bdef1aca096528c38e1f2f5a5,二人转发展出JDVjYzJlZmVmMzJmODM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGtgaCypbWi

唱、说、扮、舞、绝五功NWNjMmVmZWYzMzhlOA==MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGtgaCyqK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGtgaCytbWi

“唱”、“说”、“舞”295ba29179a1efc7376519ccfac5f01c3c536bf0,大家都懂6aa1fac449b0d6dde548f02f7786c521。“绝”指的是绝活813b96f90a0976d828debf73163e3839,甩个手帕啦QDVjYzJlZmVmMzM0YjM=,劈个叉啦之类的645e13e25a39aeebf92ca2b8ab8a32ffa697bdfe468dcae8177b9e6e07202ec115b210d7

fe18f0d5e328dbd17f28bedc6e0ddb8b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGtgaC8y6Wi

37673ee22952055a5e30b52ee6d24743

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtCDz7nRjo2Lq7GgkZ2xoqGi

咱们重点说说“扮”d6fef67423aeb644b962fa00f3c44f9d。“扮”指表演4bd1bc53164304ad6177373467d3aec0。二人转男女演员被称为“一副架”049acce9c4f676edb33a4220a47295a7,男角是“下装”、“丑角”4c3eb33d2ff46242396f3b029be172e0,女角是“上装”、“包头”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGiwqK2i。两个人经常在一场表演中扮演好多个角色ITVjYzJlZmVmMzM0Y2M=,所谓“千军万马就是咱俩”7550f996abc98b0675e1907a6c0d48311f9e4f304160589bb01cd19bbe83aab005b652cb

KjVjYzJlZmVmMzJmZGM=

不知道你有没有注意到fe017140f51d43e274feda45440c429db7c83ea2在二人转里JjVjYzJlZmVmMzM0ZGQ=,为“上”的是女性475af393a3c0dc61a86e0fa50172d088f478e272QDVjYzJlZmVmMzJmZTQ=

KjVjYzJlZmVmMzJmZWI=

这非常罕见1b34ff054a87e8285c8edc3e10453327。要知道NWNjMmVmZWYzMzRlNQ==,二人转有二百八十多年的历史5070892fe163d0cb5a7397ba778d2fd1,清朝就有了1438b207e8350d21e1507f3e1edaca0c31a8e878。在传统男权社会里(当然1b765a65f526281b709cc807afe35174,在现代社会也是)KjVjYzJlZmVmMzM0ZmY=,称女角为“上装”KjVjYzJlZmVmMzM1MDY=,罕见程度不亚于出了一个女皇帝KjVjYzJlZmVmMzM5Mzc=JDVjYzJlZmVmMzJmZjI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGtgaC9y7Gi

为啥二人转如此特立独行?00e4a42d9b0f99346eb943143a7a0bf9

 NWNjMmVmZWYzMzAwZA==

 JTVjYzJlZmVmMzMwMTU=

二人转里为什么女尊男卑?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKqwtb2i

 -+-1ac3f8633e9bd543aab6f497c399097a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKqwzr2i

历史书给了我们答案:原来二人转与萨满文化有着扯不断、理还乱的联系MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGiw28ui07346926e086cbd3a5703f0706edebca

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKqxpa2i

听起来神神叨叨又有那么点神秘莫测的萨满MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGSwpcei,指的是在氏族中行巫师之职的人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGSwqL2i,是天神在凡间的代理人与化身f765fc3a09b550e3049bdc95677b5bb53e66ccbfMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKqxqK2i

b4938a1d7529634c3711b452fc4b875441e2306a

在远的让人没了概念的以前b2f612791585c1e1f776ef7e5d09901c,萨满诞生于北方原始母系氏族社会d84ad6ae4dff1a1c619c1587faac21839d5dc0df。所以MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGSwy6mi,一开始aa2471b0296a06db05b1aa8a9505bd3c,萨满都是女性KjVjYzJlZmVmMzM1MzU=,男性根本没资格扮ITVjYzJlZmVmMzM5NWE=ITVjYzJlZmVmMzMwNjE=

 824225bdf951f8636a2108b472f36bc9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKqxy8-i

f91202ac0b03e1dc573e6e0288b1f9ef

● 阿布卡赫赫089ffa64feb2eb722f57114c0abdf8d4b8228a32

相传JjVjYzJlZmVmMzM1M2U=,萨满是天母阿布卡赫赫转化到人间的化身7603f573da6877bc4bad442d991d31f2。阿布卡赫赫命令母鹰从太阳那里把光明带给人间b693c32632087b07613d6c095911581e,使冰封寒冷死亡的大地具有了光、热和生命a13e300cccdea54cc7f6a1abff0b460dc1742b48。母鹰为救受难的人民而牺牲了自己7fd519a3b3bdf329e4660629f35d56be,其鹰魂变成了萨满MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGixzrGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKqypbWi

9e856e6f6fcfa8057b6d06365db8ccfe

萨满除了平时做好巫师的本分工作外QDVjYzJlZmVmMzM1NTg=,还会在祭祀中跳舞5d9afed899acf916c94981eafaac04a6f58aa4de。舞蹈由一女一男完成KjVjYzJlZmVmMzM5ODA=女萨满处于主导地位MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGSxtc-i,男性角色是她的配偶d6ee82350b15606dc6fef502fa8f0caafeec54bc。在舞蹈中73594f4a39a632b7a83708660c83525500322198,男性围着女性转e31af7d9fd5873a1108dfe6735f085bfe3231a6dKjVjYzJlZmVmMzMwOWE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKqyuK2i

在二人转中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGSxzq2i,也是男性围着女性转JjVjYzJlZmVmMzM5OTg=。男性角色扮丑89fac2f1161bbcf4b9a1b74110eec9c6,上蹿下跳d2da96933dfeec1f2792166a6fe0d2ca,都是为了突出女角的美d3a8fec3b3d82d2e454d7a0b45929960MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKq8tbWi

JjVjYzJlZmVmMzMwYjY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKq8y8ei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKq8zr2i

3183d137b52c6976f8bffe2d6836816e

随着时间的推移XjVjYzJlZmVmMzM1ODc=,父系氏族社会出现了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGi8tami。与此同时a1bbf884dc99aac9707130ff7a453a55,也出现了男萨满(男酋长担任)e1131ddf5c0452300fb7efaa2dc6998e。不过74651152b6204baf7fda1d38874b72aa4bcc9f13,在祭祀中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGSytb2i,男性要充当天母的使者5f2a251c3397a82f16d79597dc136d8535163cd7,必须装扮成女人的样子454b650d4b198b3674ed55bd12b2650e。光穿得像女性还不够6b1e1f9f238d770f2661923be4dfe7e6,男萨满脸都要涂黑KjVjYzJlZmVmMzM1Yjk=,并在神帽的帽檐周围缝上很多皮条遮着脸fd7faa1b0ecc60c5d81f0c7272194af0。不能漏了陷MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGS8zqmi,让神灵看到胡子拉碴的男性面孔MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGi8k7Wi8bd99d9c2ef57832fc1e3cbb5a8f1411

552d80f92e8cdf5d3903c0855eabaff83d6c451d

这就是东北二人转早期“男扮女装”、面涂黑色的历史由来b820412ef51c528ec87361f97395ea9f944a3b86。到了现代MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGS826mi,虽然脸早就不涂黑了XjVjYzJlZmVmMzM1Y2Y=,男扮女装还一直是二人转的传统d75d03f9a8e510cc1180a242c91a892d。二人转79a26d33636376ad7a2ec0788629f9a6,以女为上982f8781f51710482180a785b69ed77b1d5fcde9,是尊了祖制08d4bb1b78a89bd6efabff030c6f2e82IzVjYzJlZmVmMzMwZTg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKq9tc-i

d3b71c37d42eb4eec0007bb7884275fa4e8df35e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKq9y8ei

 黄段子多也是祖传的JDVjYzJlZmVmMzMxMDY=

 -+-MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtCDz7nRjo2Lq7GtfKqysqGi

03609e01ba271a6f0a0df2265f7127db

祖制cc8236b7bfd67c3b4dcdc05d17df03c2f80ac485,还有另一条f86799c48f0b34ca5a0cf6e9a4a72dd8161cce865c6f20afd5a78c0c017d5df1c37f73ad

f85d63c142316d7cadadd604acfc0d03

神话读多了09bd439536f9d93642ded83e4fcf14af5464357d,你就会发现d4a98c96b80e5bbcecc938116dbc5940,原始神话大多有生殖崇拜的意味1452f6657f73e244329713549e7371ae。据考证470e3a51eee9b346a21b6a03755e2676,天母阿布卡赫赫的“赫赫”是满语“女人”的意思MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZuwta2i。而“赫赫”这个词又是从满语“佛佛”(FeFe)女阴的音义转引而来98d7e0182d658cf6fa8d475d944007fd460818a1,寓意女人有生育奇能MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZuwuK2i9d775dc51070fb30b02ffb44594fd51f32d101b3

NWNjMmVmZWYzMzEzNQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKuw28ei

16d3c5edbe8cc7ed22ec9972faf1f5fe8ae191e5

● 萨满剪纸f2ebb5e7d46ea107ab64eb2ff87c219f82aacc90

在氏族社会的人看来ITVjYzJlZmVmMzM2MTA=,宇宙和万物都是女神和她的配偶进行神圣交媾时创造出来的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZuwy7Gi。因此8ed7bf74a78df396e4ad20e13a4afefe52d993c2,想要氏族一直兴旺发达红红火火NWNjMmVmZWYzMzYxZg==,就得在祭祀中模仿女神与配偶的行为679f357c9648e2d85f791142370c0092,让人和万物不断被重新创造4b5d34899d3eced1954d9650af160357afe3775cJDVjYzJlZmVmMzMxNTY=

XjVjYzJlZmVmMzMxNWQ=

在祭祀中QDVjYzJlZmVmMzM2MzM=,随着身体疯狂的舞动MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGWw27Wi,神明的灵魂附于萨满之身MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGWwk62i,萨满和男助手的舞蹈模仿的是女天神和她配偶的交媾0e16086782b4c2d682314c78e486b7616b08eaddQDVjYzJlZmVmMzMxNjQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKuxy7mi

据记载ba320cabe09bbe07ad90ec2a10444545,萨满常常梦见自己和男助手——学名a610e848d270834f0d46f1dcb7c228cedabbd154,庇护精灵35cbe760cae6d21caa619f728a782ffe,又叫爱米——成了夫妻6ba63dfd580be0092466ab98f57f5391。在梦里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGWxuLGi,萨满如果拒绝履行夫妇间的义务e657a72f625c090c4b8a5b9439d9b93aaae010a6,爱米就强迫她这样做MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGWx26Wi,否则就要杀死萨满cacc8f96f16df88adb7eba44f3d496e314d2dff5ad474669a7cb1e9f77a60061a52302cb

56f131b379746de47584bd7e21d09eba78526f10

3cbefa6914cfdec9aad83ddb00260ad0eb2c6466

ITVjYzJlZmVmMzMxOGE=

● 《阴山岩画》中的萨满跳神9119c43e8a48befc7a10a4f601f4d7d5544c0aff

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtCDz7nRjo2Lq7GtfGixoqGi

舞蹈中的性暗示一直流传到二人转MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZuxqKmi。爱情MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGWxk62i,更准确的说“女爱男”ccb59a5fa663812b03c8e2d1325a2cd814bf55d0,一直是二人转的主要表现内容之一161cf3b76c60d3787f990976f6c15fa021df47d4。表达爱情NWNjMmVmZWYzMzZhMA==,尺度一个过当MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGW8tami,就成了黄段子802d44fbefce7cd6b6c585f0f4751be96243b9f6ITVjYzJlZmVmMzMxYTQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKu8tbmi

东北人都知道dc0b5cf7e137232a99e04a811428ad45,二人转少不了黄段子054da936350b258ae6f97e3cf82184ac。在台上a497d403a00c198cf1a157e316b445c975c3bae4,一言不合就脱衣服MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZux27Gi在中国音乐研究会编辑的《东北民歌选》中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGW8zqmi,生活类题材一共有107首MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGW826mi,涉及色情的就有46首ITVjYzJlZmVmMzNhODE=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKu8y6Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKu8y8ui

这些年9aff6af7b27ceb5d1a1306d170124a04f361a322,为了能登上台面1e31d6b0d4f2dd9a2ab70c78d0452133,二人转已经收敛许多了KjVjYzJlZmVmMzNhOGE=。不过1701164a75e400685164a853f84a3ba0d020200f,在小舞台上的二人转MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtCDz7nRjo2Lq7GtkZ69yKGi,还是“原汁原味”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZuyqK2i。“十八摸”、“摘黄瓜”、“揉旗杆”JDVjYzJlZmVmMzM2ZWU=,这些都是二人转的名曲NWNjMmVmZWYzM2E5Yg==c6acdb6e3bac342ca4613c664b9803fa6495f9b5

2eb8c2ec251454b2c247ba8152588c8a

QDVjYzJlZmVmMzMxZGE=

NWNjMmVmZWYzMzFlMw==

● 刘老根大舞台的雕塑MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKu9tbWi

在东北民间MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGW9uL2i,有“看二人转不浪c30f003ed943c3f705770cf4c6161745,不如回家睡凉炕”的说法;还有“姑娘要学坏02ffa60f6f88bf6ab23495e1363efe98a42e94f7,全靠蹦子带”的俗语5b696b22b403c0e4e3b0bf6c2f58cef29e1ce7e7。(前面提了QDVjYzJlZmVmMzM3MTI=,二人转最早叫“蹦蹦戏”)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZu8tbWi。因为太过低俗MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtCDz7nRjo2Lq7GtmquxsqGi,二人转在国共内战时期还被禁过一阵子9f8e197d0446ea9b0caae463b89e155b8c5358982c8234fc1ec6e687ee12d61c

 52ed3e7c18726c43a40530f76986713f07d6e848

跳大神跟二人转也有联系2ec71fe977ef4a7d48a80c3c5f7364ca

 -+-425468a1f09458a26798b60d97d678b6708c238f

f9e43c19cec84c151c2e0b404012f069

从早年二人转的扮相和用器上1708809867d210e6139746f9c82c2685fd5b9a94,也能看出萨满的“遗迹”dbbd39e70d42af8c11a179e2dbe46e61ITVjYzJlZmVmMzMyMWU=

0e9e62c6a417a53df2a39a2a0e965704

早年的二人转中IzVjYzJlZmVmMzM3MmM=,被称为上装的女性角色MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGawzrWi,头上得包一块青布d0654173fd86bf3e1cf6b44ff24dc82fc81a9c20,上面带着五朵大红花和用玻璃珠子串成的齐眉帘子0b2ed956cd0b0ace32b15838198f50a8f6142d39。五朵大红花的造型和萨满神帽十分类似827b2bd277137fc22257a89a7cafaa16,脑门前的帘子从萨满遮脸用的皮条演变而来d1853362aa1169b6022902eb4b820eb5f8a4cd9c。这也是上装被称为“包头”的原因MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZu9pamiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKywy72i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKywzrmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKyw27mi

8e4bfa59e75f68578a68bcf15f78a607e1b61a64

● 老照片里的二人转演员5b6ab14fe0ace8ca2b74edbaa386d837,注意看女性的头饰2ff883eed196215f2d4c0af3ac3701fd

 JjVjYzJlZmVmMzMyNTU=

ITVjYzJlZmVmMzMyNWQ=

● 老照片里的萨满5beac989d0f3863cccaf95934241739c,还是注意头饰~fa89803fb52f9ffa9b700f03d20a8cb7

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKyxy7mi

二人转的唱腔也很有特点67e4d646ba4184159e6717b25c8c1a497a6a315b,一般喜欢在每句的结尾加上“哼嗳哟、嗳嗳哟”fcd4415556f263e476ad7a73404660c8JjVjYzJlZmVmMzMyNzM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKyx27Wi

例如二人转《许仙借伞》是这么唱的:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKyxk62i

 c09f19d56a6cfe7b535bd09aaa901c74669bd539

(上句)公子高山把书念,嗳咳哟,嗳嗨哟d231e13eccfcf53ef638a16770c7848fa669abd5919e7dcf76c52670b9015b22e20b43ec66479aa7

(下句)公子念书正三年哪!嗳咳哟、嗳咳、嗳咳、嗳嗳哟、嗳咳哟!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKyytb2i

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKyyuL2i

这种习惯源自萨满教的音乐ea01af896e02fc72eac5f92d6a2088e2。下面这段词来自萨满音乐《请神歌》:5320646db07ec0efdf9ff77b1f88b8dba5c449a6

 ITVjYzJlZmVmMzMyYjg=

打打鼓哇KjVjYzJlZmVmMzM3NjI=,撞金钟呀382a7c498a07d20314d44cabab887a43,哎呃呀!e2b13bfbcee60f199df4e0c17377c50f

香主爷爷上了香主身上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGaxzrGi,回家赴宴席呀MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGax27Wi,哎呃呀!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKy826mi

一步两步往前走呀IzVjYzJlZmVmMzM3ODM=,哎呃呀!MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtCDz7nRjo2Lq7GtgZ28yKGi

慢慢走哇,慢慢行呀MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGaypbWi,哎呃呀!2d66eaa7c9de630063cc2f64d0b1aa1b3f4757ed

稳稳当当接香主爷爷回家赴宴席呀MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGayqLGi,哎呃呀!MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKy9qLGi

 JjVjYzJlZmVmMzMyZWM=

早期二人转手里拿的不是手绢和扇子NWNjMmVmZWYzMzc5Yg==,而是竹板和一尺三寸的木棒(一头钉块红布条)f5768285d401c69af7aba1f096d6b534。萨满祭祀舞蹈同样会使用这两件道具9bad14394bdf309560fe9cbeb4c9ed760a590b68JTVjYzJlZmVmMzMyZjQ=

e3ed6241d82337de08fd7a241875af03

● 左边是二人转使用的拍板IzVjYzJlZmVmMzM3YTQ=,右边是萨满歌舞用的拍板MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthKy9zrWi

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthK2wpbWi

萨满到了现代社会JjVjYzJlZmVmMzM3YWI=,就成了东北人口中看病消灾的“跳大神”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZywpcei。跳大神也是二人搭档MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGa8uLGi,大神是女性3146824e1daffebbc89b05694c35b83f32c0cc27,一抽一抽地被神上身;二神是男性QDVjYzJlZmVmMzM3YzA=,一边敲鼓一边唱请神的曲儿MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZywqLmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtCDz7nRjo2Lq7GthKq9oqGi

 4b83f0dc5fc966be07545986b8277d24

跳大神和二人转也有着千丝万缕的联系MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZywtbmi。无论是在萨满祭祀中acaaa06cfdf1ce67db474acfdf95d346,还是跳大神的时候f043f1c12e78cd517b6382a0f93b1cd42606f5b1,都会用到一种特殊的鼓——太平鼓9bf491d82142f6bed7e25c7cda84cc99。跳大神时用的太平鼓2ff5e539bea3b338f0a87fa54d3ae3cbbada7c70,和二人转演员演出时用的鼓是“亲戚”;请神曲儿和二人转的一个特殊曲调——神调47aca17437c44493a2d9d8bbfa576070102f91d9,一模一样IzVjYzJlZmVmMzNiMjk=3518fbb3a31682aa464293b58552737d861bdc2c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthK2wy7mi

aa2513510380a03c588c2b32b2d54a91

0e0c95f42bb151c950d2b9fe72b45cf6

● 唱神调时二人转演员手里的鼓c0f0385a4d5f4101bc450289d5e79066

 e34ab31a7cfdccb34b719b167ffdd9d5

XjVjYzJlZmVmMzMzNTM=

● 跳大神时左边二神手里的鼓ef4010a0dc99922e904a829c98b91da668a56404,可以和前面萨满的鼓对照着看76e0dd55cfbe962f5aabafafbef08ade

 XjVjYzJlZmVmMzMzNjI=

更有意思的是5b1dc5b5ac321e25cd81eba084d700af,十个跳大神的二神fd3c00d7682fa650938ee630ff9e005022e1e402,有八个是唱二人转兼职的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZywzqmi。没办法7dac906c41b0a6e2a1601a22c0b527dfd4b55bc3,这年代谁都不容易JDVjYzJlZmVmMzM4MGY=,搞几样兼职才能养活一家好几口4b6b4c1ebb759f52ed9eb782609dcefdMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthK2xy7Gi

 JDVjYzJlZmVmMzMzNzE=

所以啊MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtCDz7nRjo2Lq7GtnquwyKGi,别瞧不起二人转6bb806ee90cd9a7ad96d7e893f704eee98155a9e,人家的祖宗辈儿可是大名鼎鼎的萨满MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthGewy7Gi,是不折不扣的29eea6d4394e76127a8e2404a2694545a4e502c2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthK2xk7Wi

传统文化09a506aae6e8917ef485445148a7dfd37173386ee0d4a901217ae19f32f5fbbc1698355d

8d38478a253c418485df78cbe9660fe1

c7399f76f98c351ff6319d08422bee42

参考文献:QDVjYzJlZmVmMzMzYTU=

于苑冬:《东北“二人转”研究》dc9008069177b197b4c484d83e302263,山东大学硕士论文;MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthK28tb2i

赵凤山:《论二人转起源于萨满歌舞》MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtCDz7nRjo2Lq7Gtnq2xsqGi,《满族研究》;05c0aaad6e09f6bcbdfb23c9d385bf240c637462

顾湘:《东北二人转发展问题研究》MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtCDz7nRjo2Lq7GtnmOwoqGi,东北财经大学硕士论文;XjVjYzJlZmVmMzMzYmY=

王悦:《东北二人转与萨满文化》b1db3e8c3102a4162017284c445a1e01604fa248,《戏剧文学》;MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthK2826Wi

杨朴、杨旸:《二人转与萨满研究》9af0ddf010adcdfc0625299d2ee5a0ce,社会科学文献出版社;e678af46cb80dfe0a32ee75417efb6f3

徐薇:《自我、角色与乡土社会——对民间二人转艺人及其生活世界的个案研究》d589688812e4e75a46cebf7023cfa9c01947a8c2,中央民族大学博士论文MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCP3K3QjqOInrGthZyxpaWiITVjYzJlZmVmMzMzZDY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCP3K3QjqOInrGthK29pcei

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