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现代人有口香糖,古代人要怎么对付口臭呢?

飞狼:#脑洞#以前的人们是如何保持清新口味的呢?ITVjOTc5ZTNmZjFjZjg=

c39f93938786422c99c7eecddc682c76

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ6wpbmi

补牙后被迫用薄荷糖代替口香糖的实习编辑/二鹅d32b9da84274ca0910bdb770499fc96f5fabe362

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ6wy7Wi

d005d09eaeb662c3e12fabc1342bebcc9da3244e

不管嚼口香糖被人为赋予了多少好处b0fa0926761559a3148ef4fc24cf2e32,譬如清洁牙齿、防止蛀牙、瘦脸、锻炼小脑等MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ-9tbmi,对于大多数人来说049bf9d72bf2873802a7877c7af76a23,其实还是为了防止嘴巴无聊f996d3cd2e8eae7e70a86b6589163b147c42fed2,以及清新口气9dd6579c09915962b940780ec4cb63ea8540ccb7,拉近距离5cbad7c41fb898bfd331fd5019cb9a7b10ad7846b2fb1a5ad9926056af6548a9ea65861d

XjVjOTc5ZTNmZjFkNDk=

1adf10108d79a7a6518ce615e93e054d

c73eb337ac683c059cd1fc0115337ddb

NWM5NzllM2ZmMWQ2Ng==

有词为鉴QDVjOTc5ZTNmZjIxMDA=。清人陆求可曾作《月湄词·相思儿令》“一点樱桃娇艳354a7e53b76c89fc9de262c64a94a9c8,樊素不寻常IzVjOTc5ZTNmZjIxMGE=。何用频含鸡舌MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfaCwqLGi,仿佛蕙兰芳16c56ac7b55588be50720e6e0d7230fd426b27ec。座上吹罢笙簧5a1c2f75eb03ffcbdba2b3616ae70de3e0858aea。徐徐换羽移商b74740c530f4d10aa0850ea733cd842a。晩来月照纱橱ITVjOTc5ZTNmZjFmMWE=,并肩私语生香f9ee61f97860bd9d1a5b3ad7b910ae05be1ad507。”05fe62697241e4701f974420a8629c72

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ6x26Wi

虽然全篇不曾提“嘴”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfaCwuK2i,却始终围绕着佳人口香efc8705b51568f8f7a7329981818c06221a49e22。若佳人吹完笙曲儿MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfaCwy7Wi,樱桃小口微启IzVjOTc5ZTNmZjFmMzI=,气味竟令人难以忍受IzVjOTc5ZTNmZjFmMzk=,请问男主人公要以何种心情与其在窗前月下幽会?不不不30250c51ad29ec81a49cdf453abb5a53b9a53eca,剧本一定不是这么写的!XjVjOTc5ZTNmZjFkN2Y=

NWM5NzllM2ZmMWQ4Nw==

不过在既没有绿箭又没有益达的古代0fa207cdf80cfb0f9058f65550f1e885,怎么避免口臭成为破坏人类繁衍的元凶呢?答案也在这首词里JTVjOTc5ZTNmZjFmNGU=“频含鸡舌”指的就是嚼口香糖的动作60a7694b20e920dd6ba932af9a3fd3538b2046a5。这里的“鸡舌”指的是中医所说的“鸡舌香”766907ca62edbca218c1f06c3de1f0b0,也就是我们熟知的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ6ypc-i

e976b6a53065f1263f2c33c921a7e3574bd7cddf

丁香JTVjOTc5ZTNmZjIxNGM=790d5e54f91a444bfcbcc4942a05dd0f560c6564

ddb7e180339b09a9b10f5647a0a69295afad4034

衔丁香以避口臭的方法其实颇具历史80de4a894c6c88033724b6749bbfd6cb4b7354d4。由于丁香原产于域外dc8da3d1ea0efd9eaa0fc8baa51cbf2ef51f51c3,西汉张骞通西域以前无从考NWM5NzllM2ZmMWY2Ng==,东汉《汉官仪》载:“桓帝侍中迺(“乃”426b91fd18dfe72a888fabe2a6e21674,姓)存年老口臭dffccdac53433d7a29274afad1fd07b2,上出鸡舌香与含之MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dgKuxtbmi。鸡舌颇小、辛螫MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfaCxk7Gi,不敢咀咽MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dgKuxuLWi。嫌有过MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfaCypbGi,赐毒药71bcbceed72e401f2e87bcaf1e574eec51b487fd,归舍辞决……僚友求眡(“视”)其药XjVjOTc5ZTNmZjFmOWY=,出在鸡舌ITVjOTc5ZTNmZjFmYTY=,咸嗤笑之e769854d6499bf8ac7ca44c7110e73560251aa02。”老大臣挨了同事们一顿嘲讽MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZuE3M_QgWiMnrGKkZuysqGi证明在汉朝MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfaC8y6Wi,朝堂官员用丁香防口臭已颇为普遍MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZuE3M_QgWiMnrGdfGawsqGi9a6d3f803b027d565c9e1e365aafc627

XjVjOTc5ZTNmZjFkYmI=

丁香:药用047049f35322ea10fcf30d4024bbb3d8,又称“鸡舌香”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ68zrGi

NWM5NzllM2ZmMWRjYw==

丁香的药用成分存在于其花蕾与果实的挥发油当中31ec37b5aee697d3a0d1f28ecc0e73bc,其中所含的丁香酚主要功能就是抗菌XjVjOTc5ZTNmZjIxODE=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ68k7Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ69pbmi

汉以后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfaC828ui,丁香成了“口香糖”界代表性的存在833a56f9ed3da105bf53256b6205c602cc1f57bc三国时曹操写给诸葛亮的一封书信NWM5NzllM2ZmMWZkNg==,称“今奉鸡舌香五斤MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfaC9pcei,以表微意9bc1f91fd663d04f54e673276f590b781331a031。”明为送礼MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfaC9ta2i,实为从蜀汉挖墙脚6307eceda576c45085b02d3395fed17d7192e7f2,暗邀葛亮与自己同朝为官QDVjOTc5ZTNmZjFmZjc=,一表“周公吐哺d2460e68ce525f0a2c62349777f46845,天下归心”的ITVjOTc5ZTNmZjFkZTM=

17739ee8a876bb22b6a3e85576a961fa

求才愿望MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dgKuytbWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ69uK2i

afcd604d9a1b6fae2eb779f09bef964c

此后含鸡舌香更在唐诗中衍生为典故c0cae8ab1dc9a80aaa787fa08a0fd8ee,隐含在朝为官之意21241d460d69b783a77bf777f5d1087de7dae60b,如王维“何幸含香奉至尊6222bcd8781fc84f5c0d88206e036d8045fbdeb9,多惭未报主人恩IzVjOTc5ZTNmZjIxYTU=。”、白居易“对秉鹅毛笔16187c25f55c386d72d4872734685c5086070126,俱含鸡舌香NWM5NzllM2ZmMjFhZQ==。”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ69zq2i

JTVjOTc5ZTNmZjFlMDk=

除丁香之外3c753c3273fa7d0ea97dfd3225fe2599,原产自恒河流域、后传入古中国的胡椒与荜拨(又称“长胡椒”)283e8970e27e39c34ab48f149267d8c0,亦有镇痛消炎去除口臭的效果QDVjOTc5ZTNmZjIwM2U=,东南亚地区及我国岭南地区还有嚼蒟酱叶的古老习俗2359293ad97887af9f0adb8a60678f6464dcfb279e7e9e3c6ec1b493bf0eb3012ddc79aa

70ec5a6a67fcdcf85d28092406da09179fdf0891

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ-wuK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ-wy7Wi

f963fdc4dc3769ed52a3feada8370abb

● 胡椒、荜拨、蒟酱叶ff8d160d7641ba3940cf8b89010b156473fdcf78

历朝历代中医经典中记载了更多五花八门的“口香糖”8e6c299ab79af6292bc41fbbd45196dc4f72fabe。最早者如东汉《神农本草经》记载了“水苏”的对去口臭有奇效2d102f35f4ae8e17a375f80805db05c180ed859d11097c967b4fde483d97d8b7d131c7d91e198017

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ-xpb2i

唐代孙思邈《千金要方》“七窍病”专卷内MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dgKqwk72i,有专门针对口臭、身臭的“含香丸方”2381659134d2c39565068ef166ba1f94,比如以丁香、甘草、细辛、桂心、川芎f1b56345b9c7d6cb0a286477e5913ee8,研磨成粉后用蜜练成丸子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dgKqxtbmiIzVjOTc5ZTNmZjFlNTU=

“临卧时服二丸”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dgKu9pbGi6b7bed666cfb014cbb7a1db021bf846f0fb60627

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ-xuLWi

到了宋代e0c60d1aa9ced157c8fd8d284d0f665510a6b0d5,朝廷命医家学者编撰出《太平圣惠方》与《圣济总录》QDVjOTc5ZTNmZjIwNjk=,其中有一味“含香圆”IzVjOTc5ZTNmZjIwNzA=,采用十五种香药研成细末IzVjOTc5ZTNmZjIwNzc=,以蜜和之成圆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dgKu9qL2iNWM5NzllM2ZmMWU2ZQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ-xzr2i

通过现代科学检验55283692ec005f98486afbe94a06ab8237b89a9f,其方中大多香药含有挥发油成份MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZuE3M_QgWiMnrGdeGewsqGi,能抗菌杀虫、生津润燥、止痛消肿MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dgKqypc-i,故而对口腔卫生保健有良效833f6d9542e076b3889655968aa725ee05854ac8。只不过配方当中含有名贵药材74d903d1c24dbaecfb1b4e660a7a2e38853937e9,在当时只怕平常人家消受不起0ae2bd2d714bb46ba0a2353b25760d2c26d6f2ade4f76e059430c420212ac0348d58d06c

 10d543e6d400d45281c42a77b31bb5c62bf6caab

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ-ytaWi

JjVjOTc5ZTNmZjFlOWY=

928f21513a90f39641b1a71ef2d17752

6930ed474f863ac87b50ae54d192c5439d2eef50

古人追求香口的步伐远超于此0a5401b628462e0126443941465953c8,除了这些药剂MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZuE3M_QgWiMnrGdeZuw2KGi,还有日常的香茶(以香料烹茶叶)、熟水(直接用香料煮水)、香汤(制法比熟水更为复杂)、清露(蒸馏花果中的香露香精)等IzVjOTc5ZTNmZjIxZmI=QDVjOTc5ZTNmZjFlYjU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ-8y72i

联想起《红楼梦》中宝玉挨打后王夫人所赐“木择清露”和“玫瑰清露”f48bbb39ef7098b9cdb33046253ac034,只是一小茶勺就香得不得了;宝钗所用“冷香丸”虽为治病MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dgKq8y7mi,也使得行止间幽香相随;而在十九回中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dgKq826Wi,宝玉闻见黛玉袖中发出的香气MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZuE3M_QgWiMnrGdeZ28sqGi,不禁神魂颠倒d5d1046fb270ac1b5ac188dc85d49a92JDVjOTc5ZTNmZjFlYzQ=

17bb7d188caf1f78a96744248b029dafc8d59b38

欧洲、中亚地区的人也会用各种香料、树胶来清洁口腔和增加香味f208d80cc11bac9f62e7dcc229b49f0f,不过和古代中国一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZuE3M_QgWiMnrGdeZ68yKGi,这都是上流社会才能享受的奢侈品MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dgKywpb2i。就说曹操挖诸葛亮的例子aa8dccb41adfefe82d53ae53f430aa63775e8360,你能想象今天腾讯的hr拿五斤益达去挖阿里的副总裁吗?JjVjOTc5ZTNmZjFlZDM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCFtsaZjoqAnr6dfZ-9pbWi

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