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现代人有口香糖,古代人要怎么对付口臭呢?

飞狼:#脑洞#以前的人们是如何保持清新口味的呢?120c432bd89b4f985737d29a43894d37

cc7e663e953a834fd99c5b9f829ff5770b394eb2

02e22e13f1e3dda910677ec8ad304758

补牙后被迫用薄荷糖代替口香糖的实习编辑/二鹅ITVjZTM0NzNlZDI1Mzg=

6bce1f61ddb64761dcb914e0ac00f874

JjVjZTM0NzNlZDI1NTQ=

不管嚼口香糖被人为赋予了多少好处86d8dc8ba0d87b50d64282af647c44c9,譬如清洁牙齿、防止蛀牙、瘦脸、锻炼小脑等cde3947c39a0b289e4d174c01931e3fe,对于大多数人来说6fab548129898a527130dce6d88994bd94806bc6,其实还是为了防止嘴巴无聊ITVjZTM0NzNlZDI3NTA=,以及清新口气edeeca47fc070456cd4e42c79d1539cd2328ff79,拉近距离MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGixtbGi906ae691b1974532a134802a97ea9941

ccfe263858412653f9645be97997440d

32b6c6072466c00ad47e98f65d1b6280

3096d042f6b91b085c11c112b7b103d8

acc002ead7c4130f80e97bda0684cf68

有词为鉴JDVjZTM0NzNlZDI5NjY=。清人陆求可曾作《月湄词·相思儿令》“一点樱桃娇艳6918632e3d08bbcad97b3e8d1d76cd93,樊素不寻常KjVjZTM0NzNlZDI5NzA=。何用频含鸡舌MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGaxy6mi,仿佛蕙兰芳NWNlMzQ3M2VkMjk3OA==。座上吹罢笙簧JjVjZTM0NzNlZDI5ODA=。徐徐换羽移商9cfbe657de3440a39fe52fe6c786acd5。晩来月照纱橱MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGaxy8-i,并肩私语生香MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGiypc-i。”976b72561071d79363779585639c14bdb1ed4935

XjVjZTM0NzNlZDI1YWQ=

虽然全篇不曾提“嘴”JDVjZTM0NzNlZDI3NzY=,却始终围绕着佳人口香08dd7ea40818160175f89f094015a3d8。若佳人吹完笙曲儿JjVjZTM0NzNlZDI3N2Q=,樱桃小口微启58c2d4ad8c1e8658938b07a7a08cb1ae,气味竟令人难以忍受81f58e4693bf6474612f13de1f5df1b722cf2d05,请问男主人公要以何种心情与其在窗前月下幽会?不不不584d8b199953b5527bfbfadc9b377919,剧本一定不是这么写的!ef6aa55e98da012707ad23b1488209a4

86b10433806a74a9284c0d13672e9f2662ca28d3

不过在既没有绿箭又没有益达的古代00654771ab28bf6e9ffc16e30a3ab0298ba43660,怎么避免口臭成为破坏人类繁衍的元凶呢?答案也在这首词里1d68e73904ddd3eaf61e443caf6c565cdf66eb3a“频含鸡舌”指的就是嚼口香糖的动作MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGiyuKmi。这里的“鸡舌”指的是中医所说的“鸡舌香”047e79fdd1e821b62a1d14c0d423e631cadb7393,也就是我们熟知的JTVjZTM0NzNlZDI1Yzk=

f7823c9c673f5264997b0731c633c35b

丁香MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGi8tbGib5be1f1e41ead0ea38a86c6a9e2f5a3f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGS9pc-i

衔丁香以避口臭的方法其实颇具历史MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGi8uK2i。由于丁香原产于域外ITVjZTM0NzNlZDI3YmQ=,西汉张骞通西域以前无从考0457b12d29312b02986dc4e3e47ed3412e7e5241,东汉《汉官仪》载:“桓帝侍中迺(“乃”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGa8272i,姓)存年老口臭JDVjZTM0NzNlZDI3ZDM=,上出鸡舌香与含之82902816940895454c4454aa9b10a1ebaf578b5e。鸡舌颇小、辛螫08757429a3349cab5b4bd639aa5b3234,不敢咀咽MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGi8zrWi。嫌有过MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGa9qLGi,赐毒药4f4560fdb4233d4fef7c5e90105451e7,归舍辞决……僚友求眡(“视”)其药b8b5f59d57c5aad1b488da116da7b612,出在鸡舌b625cdd89726ff14cfc7897b5d46987d,咸嗤笑之57dbe83648fa940c48d8d6625599230a。”老大臣挨了同事们一顿嘲讽2f08f50d0eb61dcd12f6c81dbecd572281fa4ad6证明在汉朝IzVjZTM0NzNlZDI4MTA=,朝堂官员用丁香防口臭已颇为普遍5453be86fe28ca1896079dd1864f683c5da2838fa589cae9dbee2ea5d3b42e38edeae393

dd5e3b2f7b8f5abb6c2f80bebd08b9ec15efda06

丁香:药用4d541a15e10585960b5af356d11ceabab94a8915,又称“鸡舌香”c91616832f3c11777d80eb1db23ef7bdd4514255

e455dcf6389c59a6c0983ec54e5cd3dc

丁香的药用成分存在于其花蕾与果实的挥发油当中d9a035ad4c63c7bde12d5a7abd615793fd089727,其中所含的丁香酚主要功能就是抗菌d63441d9aaa8452dc6cadf3d716ec861838f0cceMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGWwpaWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGWwqK2i

汉以后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGewy62i,丁香成了“口香糖”界代表性的存在JjVjZTM0NzNlZDI5ZTc=三国时曹操写给诸葛亮的一封书信b7c45f5e343c894bd613ee518db63c15f9ca6916,称“今奉鸡舌香五斤eb686a45b212e3765ae3e5a29f09057c497f5882,以表微意IzVjZTM0NzNlZDI5ZWU=。”明为送礼JTVjZTM0NzNlZDI4NDE=,实为从蜀汉挖墙脚dddfaf82355d4f3503d85ac37f194e9b,暗邀葛亮与自己同朝为官XjVjZTM0NzNlZDI4NTA=,一表“周公吐哺MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGextami,天下归心”的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGWwtbGi

27a7c8edb9454aa05d8403bbde227d2722616658

求才愿望QDVjZTM0NzNlZDI5ZjU=f9a6b67df9e722e74f41c59af078d928

c2fdcbbb7f29fd3aed13d512d2dfc40138c93fa4

此后含鸡舌香更在唐诗中衍生为典故790c5490e2f92fd474f54b43c8b642f9,隐含在朝为官之意JjVjZTM0NzNlZDI4Njk=,如王维“何幸含香奉至尊MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGexzqmi,多惭未报主人恩MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGi9y72i。”、白居易“对秉鹅毛笔IzVjZTM0NzNlZDI4N2E=,俱含鸡舌香MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGi9zrWi。”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhtKD3LSXgWiInLGdkK282KGi

KjVjZTM0NzNlZDI2NGY=

除丁香之外e6cd581a751b57bd92f6ed1166e0bc5a,原产自恒河流域、后传入古中国的胡椒与荜拨(又称“长胡椒”)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGeypbGi,亦有镇痛消炎去除口臭的效果4af701c669d610bd577276a670aed624,东南亚地区及我国岭南地区还有嚼蒟酱叶的古老习俗3c1e07fcd67cb3a3323d4cd9c2e036277211768034cd65c63bb0a00ebd92dc7e14a0efcd

63ae33d53bfad274f69bfddedd7202d26e9475e7

ITVjZTM0NzNlZDI2Njk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGWxzqmi

64490d5af9b1e2aaa348717aa34e9c5b784ee282

● 胡椒、荜拨、蒟酱叶e92e73d5a1a708e699eccf8d8dccb5da

历朝历代中医经典中记载了更多五花八门的“口香糖”581215ffe152df4b3ddf7b18074256a4bd7032f8。最早者如东汉《神农本草经》记载了“水苏”的对去口臭有奇效756fc3dfb06f59d65bd127d8d75c83a5bbb4dc7164a6cf141c5c2d2b2600990c767092b3

79ca81807fda56faa12cd00767948279ccf3f888

唐代孙思邈《千金要方》“七窍病”专卷内MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGeytami,有专门针对口臭、身臭的“含香丸方”b8ab0f9e49347a19e7ec5ba73ad386496595489b,比如以丁香、甘草、细辛、桂心、川芎XjVjZTM0NzNlZDI4YTg=,研磨成粉后用蜜练成丸子JDVjZTM0NzNlZDI4YWY=6e290d765b4d2a908906d3137975a209

“临卧时服二丸”NWNlMzQ3M2VkMmEyYg==ITVjZTM0NzNlZDI2YTk=

KjVjZTM0NzNlZDI2YjA=

到了宋代632062d506467feba58e9b14c13bbd67,朝廷命医家学者编撰出《太平圣惠方》与《圣济总录》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGe8y8ei,其中有一味“含香圆”JTVjZTM0NzNlZDI4YzQ=,采用十五种香药研成细末f94e45c9f8d2a57b279f501ec5979fb7,以蜜和之成圆4b1c5e8a91efb1a93e23ff52cbee640398822052JTVjZTM0NzNlZDI2Yjg=

a71098bf2fc4e28fb5237e51921a9ebb

通过现代科学检验MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGe9pami,其方中大多香药含有挥发油成份MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGe9qKmi,能抗菌杀虫、生津润燥、止痛消肿QDVjZTM0NzNlZDI4ZWY=,故而对口腔卫生保健有良效JjVjZTM0NzNlZDJhM2E=。只不过配方当中含有名贵药材JjVjZTM0NzNlZDI4ZmY=,在当时只怕平常人家消受不起JjVjZTM0NzNlZDJhNDE=022a65f00c1c3d9d9ef53793f1ad1251bf5d9310

 NWNlMzQ3M2VkMjZkMQ==

2f6638ca34360307b66781c112f564bb88b9d23f

KjVjZTM0NzNlZDI2ZTQ=

6fab7aa417d7ff2b2daa2549013f77e2

4c20421da391e36df71ea6005f132849

古人追求香口的步伐远超于此MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGiwpami,除了这些药剂1ec3b0521db78344d564144b7348b1d9,还有日常的香茶(以香料烹茶叶)、熟水(直接用香料煮水)、香汤(制法比熟水更为复杂)、清露(蒸馏花果中的香露香精)等NWNlMzQ3M2VkMmE0Yw==NWNlMzQ3M2VkMjZmZA==

d3ae915339e6dc3fa7c29308c7564cae52bd7b1c

联想起《红楼梦》中宝玉挨打后王夫人所赐“木择清露”和“玫瑰清露”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCQtrCUgrCAnb53gGiwtcei,只是一小茶勺就香得不得了;宝钗所用“冷香丸”虽为治病XjVjZTM0NzNlZDI5MmE=,也使得行止间幽香相随;而在十九回中ITVjZTM0NzNlZDI5MzE=,宝玉闻见黛玉袖中发出的香气130a04aee81548520f22bb84e8650936,不禁神魂颠倒df59a36ec11de91fe3e5b0328ecbce6cb5c203eb9e58376f496be7abf3313db6dab2fc99

1b1ae0f436947c2683a192b0bdba9f42

欧洲、中亚地区的人也会用各种香料、树胶来清洁口腔和增加香味940bd8e4b00163f0304649736b772fc749f4e837,不过和古代中国一样5e5e177f9594d4c7b17398c45d438df8,这都是上流社会才能享受的奢侈品a868d02b4cc34cfc5717ec17b0a20d28。就说曹操挖诸葛亮的例子30358d2c8a8a14143858651809a2adf841312126,你能想象今天腾讯的hr拿五斤益达去挖阿里的副总裁吗?a37261a1cac2479d57e26d8841659e73

XjVjZTM0NzNlZDI3MmI=

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