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为什么肯德基麦当劳卖的是土豆条而不是红薯条?

炒红果:#脑洞#明明红薯条也很好吃QDViNGYxODc2OTY5N2Q=,为什么我们在快餐店看到的薯条都是土豆做的0d7783b51ae7fcd449caadc35899d5c527533eda,而不是红薯做的?e2776d876c9e0161d413feae199d75e621bb1865

XjViNGYxODc2OGYxOTc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7N6kKu9pcui

薯条要蘸麦旋风的值班编辑/马马马fc98782147addfc0f2fec90d074d5d93

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqbzcg3qVY7N6kK29y8ei

JTViNGYxODc2OGY1YmY=

红薯条比不上土豆条的直观原因MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHkZu9pc-i9e64e32bf01b6a90815f83dd1995ce1cfc97d897

NWI0ZjE4NzY4ZjdmMQ==

是口感问题b3f63b417149b98475433baa9579f51d8e1b2a931c5d1866f1c2c29ce3ed7a1b

d4a54f504db6691af1be3dc869e319ad

红薯比土豆含糖量高、油炸爱粘连a2e3c38b572673d66a4b47ac48c7ded19f4d114e,热的时候韧性大、凉了之后硬度高MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHkZ6wtami,甚至往往需要包裹面粉才能炸成型ITViNGYxODc2OWJiYzM=NWI0ZjE4NzY4ZmIzNQ==

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7N6kZyx272i

但想想同样不怎么酥脆的美式鸡块cdcef1fff55a7c5c291320c5403e4b2f,我们就能知道62e60c437256b0edbb35fee24df41a8a,一种食物流行程度的决定性因素QDViNGYxODc2OTcxM2Y=JTViNGYxODc2OGZkNWM=

cc220506ddda1381a519144023f968953afe264e

肯定不是口感aa97e073c16147261e36151e30edfd4cc7d9c5f0MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7N6kZ-8uLmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7N6kaC8zrmi

QDViNGYxODc2OTAxYTQ=

86a32415be2efc125f5af8640570a317

●  也并不难吃的甘梅地瓜条MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHeKy9zqmi

JDViNGYxODc2OTA0Y2E=

显然MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHmquypa2i,麦当劳也好、肯德基也好、汉堡王Wendy’s也好135d39f888262e2bd869a9903cacd77eb82427d6,都是美国籍的快餐店d13d93b97bbdc25f2cb9f4b576b73ba90191cb726eebd42c773d2e5cdd82e9a160cc736b9f63d209

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHeGWwuK2i

就算在中国市场推出了油条豆浆川香汉堡8464811ea6f9efbe6d1b37c60527e0e1ad87ee83,他们设计菜单的时候XjViNGYxODc2OTc1Yjg=cf931cc26064f0dce159b9daaaa9c437

fef90c934c1e7a68a18184c11023dd68

还是必然会受美国本土饮食的影响IzViNGYxODc2OWJlZmQ=ITViNGYxODc2OTBhMTg=

所以MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHmmS9zrGi,在问为什么肯德基、麦当劳只把土豆给炸了时d3458d6b9d6d33090a6d4c4a5116d03e07a758b8,我们得先看看MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHmmexpcui,为什么美国人相比红薯条c4ef7e84bf01eb03a59df56f6d862148,更爱吃土豆条?839445971a11e644f1a7424174bbd49fa72aa36a

JTViNGYxODc2OTBjNDk=

首先是“传统文化”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKgaCxpamibaa148d8a78600b26ccbbf47749b4e74

ca7a78bbcc0539baddd506a08d7cee04ab26df79

土豆和红薯的身世差不多2bb8723c0a8e6e083eb151716a5bc86d,这两种原产南美洲的农作物XjViNGYxODc2OTdjOTQ=,在地理大发现时代MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHm529qKmi,一起在16世纪被西班牙人带回了欧洲40522dcd485515a550a0989776baf8de7b73833a,再一步步推广到全世界ITViNGYxODc2OWMxMjk=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHeZ-8tcui

JjViNGYxODc2OTEwODc=

JDViNGYxODc2OTExOTc=

1620年JDViNGYxODc2OTdmZTQ=,五月花号带着第一批穷困潦倒的清教徒抵达北美新大陆6875793b64c32655fb9a400247ac9ef295b45fea,这帮人主要来自英国XjViNGYxODc2OWMyM2M=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHfKu9pcui

40218b080d8f55429d19711502eb82257aa6b650

后来JTViNGYxODc2OTgyMzE=,欧洲移民源源不断地来到北美殖民地MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHnqyx27Wi,法国、西班牙、荷兰、爱尔兰人都是移民里的主力军MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKhKyxk7miccace0da251b39e44f6d09728ecab8e0d2165bfc

bb1d67526fc2231cd9051080c10445daa822101d

美国吃炸马铃薯条的习惯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHnq2yqKmi,就是从欧洲传来的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKhK2ytcui325455de137f981c51becdd9fc93ebc6

e14007c401ba79ec737a4984ab0d92a4

如今炸土豆条的形状和吃法排列组合一下有几十种JDViNGYxODc2OTg1NzU=,不过不管是英国的炸鱼薯条、德国的大香肠配薯条、还是法国比利时的深炸薯条QDViNGYxODc2OTg2OGQ=IzViNGYxODc2OTE5MzM=

708d74596c5023b47a9a1391b350887f993d2ffd

最开始都是在穷人里流行起来的JjViNGYxODc2OWM1ODE=9882b6b08c54c420d0a4f4e59fd95456

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHfZy8y7Wi

五十年代中国人穷的时候15bce06e10322f494592f7a925d77cf9025efc91,曾经大范围吃水多料少的红薯稀饭度日IzViNGYxODc2OWM2OTM=6de6d06bc01f1a1040b0bdcd5c0da60d

a440b0b5dd126654014c7302d43becef

土豆在几百年前的欧洲MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHnmewpami,地位就和红薯稀饭在六十年前的中国差不多JTViNGYxODc2OWM3YTY=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHfaCwpbGi

0b80e08474e5c4fbd637d76a19efc582

世胄人家拒绝土豆c1a6ec1b8a1413c0ecfc61ef846ba07d,认为《圣经》里没提过这种“野蛮人的食物”571dbb965e25f3e8a5e35aae547e094e16e7b8da,吃了要得麻风病1716cc3c873d788879259985864c6ab40a223519JjViNGYxODc2OTIyMTQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHgKyxtcei

而且土豆长在地底下KjViNGYxODc2OThjMTk=,和高贵挺拔的麦穗不同c49542f83db56776380e5b00cbc1cb1172dcda7c,不配做成面包MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKhGe9zqmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHgK2yqLWi

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHgGO8tb2i

但是食物洁癖向来只属于贵族adc9b09fbe17454a5a89cace8592e2dc,挣扎在死亡线上的平民百姓可管不了那么多d4619ed38b24ff4c83f4bfd2188ed8c33e92724bITViNGYxODc2OTI2OTQ=

04e8327d1d050098d0da74da4eddebb6

16世纪末MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHn5-yqLWi,土豆传入英国JTViNGYxODc2OTkwOTU=,并迅速地在英国KjViNGYxODc2OTkxYmQ=,尤其是爱尔兰地区传播开来6aa8e985a46f7d372289282d2802c3b7IzViNGYxODc2OTI4ZDU=

 bfcf162d95f6a60cb6aa38a8c4a59f15

到了1650年8ba8ce35904a4752378c767ecb7c9d14,土豆就成了爱尔兰的主要粮食作物c01fb2f5e047d1850bd691856c3694e2IzViNGYxODc2OTJiMGU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHgZyxta2i

最晚在18世纪末6925e675a63fc2cd0586b462a2e88e68MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHgZ2xy8-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHgZ6ypa2i

炸土豆条已经在欧洲大陆遍地开花MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKhZ6xy8ei4f7846c4bed23c97b7dcc0962289d614e66e06bf

74b81d1cd4dbdaa2cc809e98f5e92f554dbe4eee

9010413f72edfe6b1b4a00a8c9113eb5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHhKu9y8ui

db67a0564504220f93de46f5e5cda5a3

●  英国国菜 炸鱼薯条c147f452d08e9d8430ad3fc5c217f172

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHhGSxtbGi

欧洲当时也有红薯MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHomOwy72i,为什么穷人只爱吃土豆?MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHhGWxzrGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHhGayqLmi

这就涉及到更本质的问题:KjViNGYxODc2OTM5N2I=

721514baad2199ce001a7e4dafd3dcd0

土豆和红薯的种植条件不一样d844ff944876a3e51b17d3fed0e10d1622fbb5c6IzViNGYxODc2OTNiYWQ=

 NWI0ZjE4NzY5M2NjZg==

从适应性上看671d5cd8036b683d9ff8bbe7e949822846f5e21f,土豆可以完爆红薯7ca2985befd6afc1506c0133de9dcc5a7bbbf6d8MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHhZ6wtbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHhZ-wzqmi

土豆春夏秋冬都能种MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzKiYgrCLZrOHkGSysqGi,三摄氏度以上就能发芽MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHomax27Gi,两三个月就能收获MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHomeypcui,耐寒耐旱54d7389c97e267acb3dc1a11c921d51e7346480f,酸性碱性土壤都能适应a3732edea56c9685a3e8cddee44e98ef,一般不会绝收bf0e08124cf6d02fdbd54277d3e9764e,堪称救穷人于水火的神器MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKiKq8y7WiQDViNGYxODc2OTQwMWY=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHiKqxy62i

而红薯就要娇气得多IzViNGYxODc2OTlkY2I=,十摄氏度以下不发芽IzViNGYxODc2OTllZTA=,虽然在南美洲长得好好的KjViNGYxODc2OTlmZjg=,但是移植到北半球以后15a27cd744a69f94a44037211eca5680,除了北回归线以南7f97a2a2d532e90e09d6558c22052665b5d90bd1,其他地方基本只能四月种植十月收获MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKfKyytbmi,非常不灵活23ebc9c058122d1718c48f99ec4f37d6d0fd7250daa290971a27062b56856042

adef6c90df9cb2076d33d1b7bbec73ce

穷人想充饥还得等半年?be107ff74b7f770c2206af985e68df50

NWI0ZjE4NzY5NDViNg==

人们决定放弃红薯cf84a60bb299ee11a3bba12a5808ee3e55b8c59ad44ac0d8b12935b8c7659581f1ff2b18

 2d93e398dbf4d9b9c0b9c5a875ee4b56fe6662a5

一般认为11113bfe91621c8440892b7ddd94c237f468de29,美式快餐店里的薯条250b9f370a804906099a8a5f0910c2e5,是在一战时期MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzKiYgrCLZr2HkKqwyKGi,美国士兵从法国和比利时习得的饮食习惯的影响下诞生的ITViNGYxODc2OWQ0Y2M=JjViNGYxODc2OTQ5MGI=

 3062961d43901bd77660839339778b12313326a3

不同于欧洲现炸现卖的饮食习惯c27caf852cea982df584f16a412c6f9a,热爱速冻和半成品的美国人742d1b7fd8dec95dbc9caeec0b6ceaae28002440,在上世纪六十年代JTViNGYxODc2OWFhMmY=,发明了速冻炸薯条XjViNGYxODc2OWQ1ZTI=NWI0ZjE4NzY5NGI0NA==

 96b4e5cbfef3a771c225e42ae8488a3a

如今75cadd319c2dfb45b951519343598c0a,十磅一袋的家庭优惠装速冻薯条堆满了美国超市的货架NWI0ZjE4NzY5YWM2YQ==,而全球美式快餐店的炸薯条0ee5a5ffa415f7e96c50afb2824062ad29a123cc,其实也是由辛普劳等餐饮业巨头预炸后配送的279a8d2cdff6912cff9ccaaefba7fbb0ffcf20b83b3fc5303ec3201c8c077bf9

ITViNGYxODc2OTRlOTk=

改良后的薯条消费模式IzViNGYxODc2OWFlYTU=,越发越发具有现代化气息MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKfZ-9tcui,和当代生活无比契合5b0539916d84290770496318dd8b9fd7697da6f641abd78914fde00a549ae5b50739623ac88eb8b1

IzViNGYxODc2OTUwZGY=

e930f2f85694ad6e1a25573931ec8e1a3eda761f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHjKywk7Wi

ca409204013c4bdc50a63ed7167e28ca

●  就是这种粗糙的食物JTViNGYxODc2OTU1NGQ=

5a460882395c503a8118bece59b4d1399fba29f1

种种历史因素的影响下e5dcd6512dbca1a42951e57d4dfde90443d8d34b,土豆和红薯这一对南美兄弟b2c8ef98f1c86a96af99431397addf8eJjViNGYxODc2OTU3N2Y=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHjGa8262i

如今国际地位天差地别4cb6b20e8294a11d5c1722ab2babbd5ecd3601ec7c1326019ea11896164e46b9da2ccffc

1afbbd2a25c5e611c53066e9ab70dfcf6bb26f16

据联合国粮农组织统计7546ad248d45c447760751b9900871abc9754df0,2012年全球的土豆种植面积是红薯的两倍MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKgK2xuL2i,总产量是红薯的三倍多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKiGix28uiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHjZywtaWi

 QDViNGYxODc2OTVkMDI=

土豆收获面积前十位的国家里MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKgGOx27Gi,俄罗斯、乌克兰、美国和波兰都榜上有名bade2f116ecf77ceafa080218567447f1802925d36636f405b72c3f354e3870e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHjZ-ypb2i

红薯的主产区则是中国、尼日利亚、坦桑利亚、乌干达、印尼、越南、马达加斯加、安哥拉、莫桑比克和巴布亚新几内亚——386771303fd1098df6021103786d89c693b659f2

642aac4ae5f6504181245b06112e8068

一个西方国家都没有MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OKiZy8uL2i9a75bccf4e8e63a3809b122af852717dc10e5b0e

 a66fb4b18af8b12de6e72b8268cb9e37

所以b16f90343b29c6276ea808b5f74b2cbd,不是说现在爱吃炸土豆条的人还是那么穷57b3d34335eb0b8ba27e1bea4c476ccd18176097,也不是说红薯不能炸QDViNGYxODc2OWI4N2M=,或者快餐店们对红薯条有偏见04ea831010dad3b5bcb7831406d9662773cf3985MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqbzcg3qVY7OHkK29y72i

690b74f9f5df7b04ca99b3044447f684

只是想改变这个在西方世界根植了几百年的饮食习惯ITViNGYxODc2OWI5OTM=,难度可能和逼着北方人吃饺子蘸沙茶酱一样困难15eebd2317c61eda6fd2587701e236050e750411MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzKiYgrCLZrKdkGOxyKGi

JDViNGYxODc2OTY4M2U=

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