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为什么肯德基麦当劳卖的是土豆条而不是红薯条?

炒红果:#脑洞#明明红薯条也很好吃IzVkMDcxYmU3MDg2NDU=,为什么我们在快餐店看到的薯条都是土豆做的0589669ae22ff122412c5dff69727d5b8fc9fb89,而不是红薯做的?5fa2f5dd9f81dc816e581a72ff5f6c71bec0c918

b7d058298366d894085ae5fe3b46882b

bbf39ff2186585ffdb83706f2670eb12

薯条要蘸麦旋风的值班编辑/马马马722032c75146235b2318c9a11e1aa220b4f7d423

ITVkMDcxYmU3MDgwNzU=

a3db399a77293f76af79809401de182cfa4687fb

红薯条比不上土豆条的直观原因MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmWxtbmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nqqypbWi

dc3001594e4d3a72d28d9118dc68cf2c

是口感问题f2a4c16b2cc2d9de38858fd71aec5106MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nqqyuLWi

QDVkMDcxYmU3MDgwYjQ=

红薯比土豆含糖量高、油炸爱粘连8e0b98ecb9b9d3f20ada1bf2f3aca4e5a149ee7f,热的时候韧性大、凉了之后硬度高3650f60ea0085f09d3406e30174fb9ee,甚至往往需要包裹面粉才能炸成型af5b739ed2c692dfe7a4502ac54293e67cc141136f5ef5a93b05e1a98282bb07d497adcb

 198b54f38b2af9e943dda54cf3f3e6b4

但想想同样不怎么酥脆的美式鸡块62bcf1967ff84d353fbfcac4622a35c3b022e7bb,我们就能知道02396e54f1ccd03eaf0baf24d87c620cc8835f69,一种食物流行程度的决定性因素MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmWyuLGic6473b711a5284b54c6552efe0942dac

461960081ac68b4673a33632c1a9a94a6404b8b3

肯定不是口感MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3n5uxy8-iITVkMDcxYmU3MDgwZmE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KnNjoqVqLN3eaC9yKGi

49da4dec018c1f1edd34266c7abbb5e6127c24e2

c3946a8bb6a6e1345c44ce672f57eff0dfedad1b

●  也并不难吃的甘梅地瓜条f43c42403b6540ba78343fb3dcf3c2678195f331

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KnNjoqVqLN3fGOwsqGi

显然JTVkMDcxYmU3MDg2Yjc=,麦当劳也好、肯德基也好、汉堡王Wendy’s也好c67f8d16cd6123b5bd9e0fa3d80d45bc7ec876a0,都是美国籍的快餐店MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3n5uxk6mi405b6dccd9a028141c57b6f3f4c1d5a047a1fde1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nquxuLmi

就算在中国市场推出了油条豆浆川香汉堡615ad99fe8e050f346c85e1a1a6df8fda77fa0b7,他们设计菜单的时候ITVkMDcxYmU3MDg2ZGQ=QDVkMDcxYmU3MDgxNzk=

JjVkMDcxYmU3MDgxODY=

还是必然会受美国本土饮食的影响be6e5ab5b5e6b3c0701cbe636c24b935MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nquypcui

所以JTVkMDcxYmU3MDg2ZWE=,在问为什么肯德基、麦当劳只把土豆给炸了时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmW9uLGi,我们得先看看80d3e975e3ec0155f871d37b9005d373,为什么美国人相比红薯条685a323cda9e83a00741dbb2d183110311c90df2,更爱吃土豆条?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nquytbmi

5faa54c745447c9d2da5bc99dd41ea78

首先是“传统文化”IzVkMDcxYmU3MDhhYTE=86838e118b93ff22b997ade75ee7254f91c5ea77

dd4b0af0ecfe076b04d97fb8a6bae7ba93dd3c05

土豆和红薯的身世差不多4376bb3453761ff8fb09a03fd7610d94c64078fa,这两种原产南美洲的农作物7f1c43080ecc31f4fa765858941cd14b61ad6dfd,在地理大发现时代937b71561b1195b1010584bdd7bca8bdd70f97ee,一起在16世纪被西班牙人带回了欧洲84bcead14079615116acea84a48bedc6176f59a6,再一步步推广到全世界MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3n5u8tbGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nqu828ei

QDVkMDcxYmU3MDgxZGU=

afb28aadf729ca73284372606061ae83e36bf306

1620年e2602131cce8a8c9700eab62da081022ec3d9884,五月花号带着第一批穷困潦倒的清教徒抵达北美新大陆b3072077c1366e978071374933201fd37c85adfd,这帮人主要来自英国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3n5u8y6WiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nqu9uLWi

a30d10528bf69912f31aac8acc2c85b0895bcbb7

后来102eda7ea74b08d86162a6fd559044f5,欧洲移民源源不断地来到北美殖民地453ff226aef265e844384f5e3d52575b271c8eec,法国、西班牙、荷兰、爱尔兰人都是移民里的主力军2aabd6d3ab2c6e0a5819b9d33bbd76bcf0d4766c8bbb0aa7075a1703dc8c8646d42075679179fdd7

58ddf852fd8eddb72fcd4f0472b3a456863634e8

美国吃炸马铃薯条的习惯MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmaypcui,就是从欧洲传来的e41cd389b2a48bf51daa6c1d8b9b1c85cc717e852fe1f362c92dd2a716636328455cea4fa1927e96

481bc59c62bfd81aba577d8d4be49946319f7e2a

如今炸土豆条的形状和吃法排列组合一下有几十种3d52b6f427a8dd5226985dc02595a1a9,不过不管是英国的炸鱼薯条、德国的大香肠配薯条、还是法国比利时的深炸薯条0b3657d08eff19e7f5aad5b8acf1cbe245060c01XjVkMDcxYmU3MDgyNDg=

0d460e2d14535c7cb9a31eaee263fa29

最开始都是在穷人里流行起来的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3n5u9tami640a311c7863539d0534940754e813059a26b3f5

7f9f0f89d918e23c1be79f20373443eb

五十年代中国人穷的时候f88b205eaa47cdc61e9bb395295f504b82be1a62,曾经大范围吃水多料少的红薯稀饭度日facdcb10588b4579dd4252a3c5ef5ef97527e370MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nqyx27Wi

1b9d4760cc4c2d488e203d8bd4a414f0cd2b946e

土豆在几百年前的欧洲83b0610ac18613c60d9557effb977ad86af2f63c,地位就和红薯稀饭在六十年前的中国差不多795a8b40352e374050f0b89e791785c7NWQwNzFiZTcwODI5ZQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KnNjoqVqLN3gZuw2KGi

世胄人家拒绝土豆1b57fa4859ea115a65e13e97b625be98,认为《圣经》里没提过这种“野蛮人的食物”ITVkMDcxYmU3MDg3ZTg=,吃了要得麻风病QDVkMDcxYmU3MDhiMWU=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nqy8y6Wi

9473359bb1e769b76ddf17be0d840deebb0f728f

而且土豆长在地底下MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nma9uK2i,和高贵挺拔的麦穗不同4aeacb459cc403f848ec94f6ef5f6daf0e985fe3,不配做成面包QDVkMDcxYmU3MDhiMmQ=206d74487dc9a49a02b70ca0ef2de874dc30a325

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nqy9pc-i

但是食物洁癖向来只属于贵族MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmewpbmi,挣扎在死亡线上的平民百姓可管不了那么多57676742dc3d000b104b9a28807475f7fbda8eab0f42824aceb8ede6157b884716799c48

42c466788f3c92276d1812c81ff7e357059fb7f0

16世纪末JjVkMDcxYmU3MDg4Mjk=,土豆传入英国4b3efa2b8c476b852b77d558185666b6,并迅速地在英国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmew28ui,尤其是爱尔兰地区传播开来165d2d8199f4ec5dc6e3daa6ed855c90507331fb5fa9c22c1adc3d297754ae7586bee4ed

 90b6cc643145a90b78750b64eb4d2b17

到了1650年ed4565d382ef526b4187f41fa345ac80df8451a7,土豆就成了爱尔兰的主要粮食作物496a1aee266f89d3e05ccd24a5252601IzVkMDcxYmU3MDgzMzA=

JTVkMDcxYmU3MDgzNDA=

最晚在18世纪末0d3c470451f80364aa0a71ccf01399a821edd49a556871fa63ca759884d992045ed000df30cd042f

ITVkMDcxYmU3MDgzNWY=

炸土豆条已经在欧洲大陆遍地开花XjVkMDcxYmU3MDhiNmI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KnNjoqVqLN3hGWxoqGi

QDVkMDcxYmU3MDgzN2I=

41f6a20e53525ddf048d922bce2351d12ba42908

NWQwNzFiZTcwODM5Ng==

6a67de3f86832d4579f5f986b43fe15397e8295e

●  英国国菜 炸鱼薯条NWQwNzFiZTcwODNiNw==

bc1cc73e454f1bf4fe1946f29004123e

欧洲当时也有红薯IzVkMDcxYmU3MDg4NmM=,为什么穷人只爱吃土豆?KjVkMDcxYmU3MDgzZDY=

c319a14ee38d971260c89881b1f043fd

这就涉及到更本质的问题:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nq29tbGi

3ca478845883b9d4c34c80fb207f1d2fa34324a0

土豆和红薯的种植条件不一样9dca8c1ac9ef333416eed90d59be0db964f6cf16MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nq29zrGi

 e2f2d32d7c5f33bd7c8c71d5647312c5

从适应性上看JTVkMDcxYmU3MDg4Nzk=,土豆可以完爆红薯16123500ab491de9adf9b41d42d1767dMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KnNjoqVqLN3iKuxyKGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmOwy72i

土豆春夏秋冬都能种KjVkMDcxYmU3MDg4ODU=,三摄氏度以上就能发芽XjVkMDcxYmU3MDg4OTI=,两三个月就能收获JDVkMDcxYmU3MDg4YTI=,耐寒耐旱JDVkMDcxYmU3MDg4YWU=,酸性碱性土壤都能适应JjVkMDcxYmU3MDg4YmE=,一般不会绝收23fae776e8637ce57dff285ae4b3abb9,堪称救穷人于水火的神器85302347a6627003804e037f927567bd474fec8d092d421bb765445457419796

 89ad0e196563e1e6925e632632d5ceda

而红薯就要娇气得多b658f39f473926e1b84df5b5bcb4c39d773c24f5,十摄氏度以下不发芽6137ec6afa674c411f0f375eb261e562,虽然在南美洲长得好好的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nme9tbWi,但是移植到北半球以后d2f468a65dcdbff30aed1273a8cd27359021bcd6,除了北回归线以南MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmiwpbWi,其他地方基本只能四月种植十月收获QDVkMDcxYmU3MDg5MWU=,非常不灵活JDVkMDcxYmU3MDhiYTU=681fc0e992fe725932cd354a3d48facc

7895963b58d64878b3168ec99e72d59c38bf0a5f

穷人想充饥还得等半年?94e546a8b4d69e597e612a4dcd8e26a5

XjVkMDcxYmU3MDg0ODY=

人们决定放弃红薯bac19f5d2d5b469367ceffd18bb4d1adafda158dITVkMDcxYmU3MDg0OTI=

 23f60e0b9123dac79c6cafac36e2af0283d5ebf7

一般认为MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmiwy6Wi,美式快餐店里的薯条a186ad1ebe963eb71d4ce827a20ae714,是在一战时期MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmixpa2i,美国士兵从法国和比利时习得的饮食习惯的影响下诞生的bfa08edf5bfdf9b86337ff6e61f4cd77MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmO8taWi

 1f55773d39eaeb0c50a7d1f6ecb5347ecc23c2b8

不同于欧洲现炸现卖的饮食习惯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmixta2i,热爱速冻和半成品的美国人c2bad39f888c9be4013c8a3030107f6dd3a37ba5,在上世纪六十年代fec05890940a1f7a260174961ee28dd9,发明了速冻炸薯条JDVkMDcxYmU3MDhiY2U=f1a1f2299996b1301a1ceb57037f46d1

 ae076f598df8aec751a898257b23c863630c4a73

如今00e79d81f664a79b6a95b2131898926e,十磅一袋的家庭优惠装速冻薯条堆满了美国超市的货架MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmiyqKmi,而全球美式快餐店的炸薯条6dfda8bc450449d00fcc1dac04ce76474c3c2017,其实也是由辛普劳等餐饮业巨头预炸后配送的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3n5y9paWiJjVkMDcxYmU3MDg0ZTg=

e27a63ac3b2ed8dd6de931d2be49d41de1dda63f

改良后的薯条消费模式c3c61c5d169b5b48d9e278092314390d474ae168,越发越发具有现代化气息MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmi8y6Wi,和当代生活无比契合1fee3133d151732e3f5678f150e718d99ab5f3bfaaf8db916abd344fa2c7860e077eb2b4

NWQwNzFiZTcwODUxMw==

a7fd2cc40bf7fd83c5b83adba9fe581b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmSwy6mi

QDVkMDcxYmU3MDg1Mzg=

●  就是这种粗糙的食物0a2bbf5f443eeb6069003681c1a97a42f91cf7c7

db12a37fc52ab4c717b8763e83417d40a58cce91

种种历史因素的影响下MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmi826Wi,土豆和红薯这一对南美兄弟b120a3aae8aa9e99ac6f81a65692790b0ae484e5bcb83526ca276e9adced310d

9fc27eb99058170ff05a8251361eabd8

如今国际地位天差地别KjVkMDcxYmU3MDhiZjc=ecae0beb198f49c3d65729dbad541655

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KnNjoqVqLN3jGewoqGi

据联合国粮农组织统计e0e400f91239b8140cec5930a0fc292e8b399201,2012年全球的土豆种植面积是红薯的两倍JDVkMDcxYmU3MDg5ZjQ=,总产量是红薯的三倍多JTVkMDcxYmU3MDhjMGQ=XjVkMDcxYmU3MDg1OWI=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmSyuLWi

土豆收获面积前十位的国家里ef9e101e63526d01fe54de4a0750d4e9,俄罗斯、乌克兰、美国和波兰都榜上有名18bfad928255552fedb3eb0f35cb955675d6e9abMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmS8uLWi

a3fe79f1eb1895f711e92a39473eb417

红薯的主产区则是中国、尼日利亚、坦桑利亚、乌干达、印尼、越南、马达加斯加、安哥拉、莫桑比克和巴布亚新几内亚——MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmS8272i

ff50266b88d500024ffcf84349b1f22ffe6b0d6c

一个西方国家都没有79a3609c042b718c5f0fb81db962df25d54b489dXjVkMDcxYmU3MDg1ZWE=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtGDpsbcjaOHZLF3nmS9uLmi

所以JjVkMDcxYmU3MDhhMTE=,不是说现在爱吃炸土豆条的人还是那么穷6b5ad32670044fb2bc63bc2bea0070be,也不是说红薯不能炸d459c6573e1ea3b35c00202967ae62a5,或者快餐店们对红薯条有偏见QDVkMDcxYmU3MDhjM2E=MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qid2E3KnNjoqVqLN3jaC9oqGi

db89361fd73ad4b4a1900ec00d3f31ae15e11ca6

只是想改变这个在西方世界根植了几百年的饮食习惯800a15747833772274b8c9bc3a68ee025dcc7cc4,难度可能和逼着北方人吃饺子蘸沙茶酱一样困难JjVkMDcxYmU3MDhjNDc=d084c7c86baf830c92ca3e5bc4388e91fb0cde04

d3c83539fdae7cd1c974fdfb6a902c5c1adfc661

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