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为什么肯德基麦当劳卖的是土豆条而不是红薯条?

炒红果:#脑洞#明明红薯条也很好吃15f9ddef2bef772ad71b81682c59d605ea17d789,为什么我们在快餐店看到的薯条都是土豆做的f18c14b7277e3c187745634e605346c919ecd5b4,而不是红薯做的?MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuaiZgn18nrF3gGOwyKGi

6f27cbcbe068e60aea25763d6b7d5eba

NWI0ZWE5NGJmMDU0Zg==

薯条要蘸麦旋风的值班编辑/马马马32413c325aa6ad961817903b021ef0dc

909e656083d6383dff3e591aa09db0e2

4aaefae0e47b926996e9c298c62826f4e0e00dd4

红薯条比不上土豆条的直观原因ca928c04d874cfd6824956caa3f0476aKjViNGVhOTRiZjA5OWI=

b111a13828bee52d280ccf6136a11798

是口感问题MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMg4qEm7F3nmixqK2i5db6a106854b8b37beb6411b930d0edf2a466181

JjViNGVhOTRiZjBjY2I=

红薯比土豆含糖量高、油炸爱粘连IzViNGVhOTRjMDNkN2Q=,热的时候韧性大、凉了之后硬度高NWI0ZWE5NGMwM2U5MA==,甚至往往需要包裹面粉才能炸成型25749395bc78c1d43d4010749a178dadbfc890f55a2eb55b420a637999d1339741671954

 9e49877456de8c1fa868c753e6c914d7e296249a

但想想同样不怎么酥脆的美式鸡块44c39842cd844a7108ebee8f6bd2ed5d8021b0e3,我们就能知道MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3haC9tcei,一种食物流行程度的决定性因素2bd91a7cbdd31d31e66ed65fc36aeef65b4049acIzViNGVhOTRiZjEwMDg=

433c725a1328c5959ae757f2c2b97988

肯定不是口感QDViNGVhOTRjMDhjNWM=790d7b745452353734047733fab47561

f9af9b0998198bf71c77cd34de6af315482a58da

KjViNGVhOTRiZjE0NzI=

QDViNGVhOTRiZjE1OTE=

●  也并不难吃的甘梅地瓜条JTViNGVhOTRiZjE2YWE=

d336f98de8877b81e900c647bd450055

显然XjViNGVhOTRjMDQyZTg=,麦当劳也好、肯德基也好、汉堡王Wendy’s也好e5ed238f249f923648134e352f93d6d3e348c48f,都是美国籍的快餐店48e72eacc74b5603093e1bc5bf3430d5f9baa4ceXjViNGVhOTRiZjE4ZTA=

NWI0ZWE5NGJmMWEwNA==

就算在中国市场推出了油条豆浆川香汉堡d0e747ecc8fc0a8a1c0a721ea50823d7,他们设计菜单的时候5aff169b8fe48c2d907425660993b7a9b9f5e5d7b7ba2f375452e97105a1132f53ecfdca

e8cc0c0a0073f0192f5a313f05ebd9365770b129

还是必然会受美国本土饮食的影响b82b2047972f77e9888c80b1839f82c3056f222c01e54ff6468bb803dabafa5ea9b8e34d

所以03283b5d7eab10fb8358b2eb27f608e7,在问为什么肯德基、麦当劳只把土豆给炸了时MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3iGaxy8-i,我们得先看看a2d0cdf096fec37409d4a775927fba922634c6bb,为什么美国人相比红薯条JjViNGVhOTRjMDRhNjY=,更爱吃土豆条?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg4qEmr6dfZ68tami

bf39c49647ab872ca87e6a496ad9032c855be9b1

首先是“传统文化”a0f9c567d96f37742f0b18c9e60e6013c83c835e55175f070e9671c34054d523e8067c1427125409

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg4qEmr6dgKuwpa2i

土豆和红薯的身世差不多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMg4qEm7F3iZu8tcui,这两种原产南美洲的农作物QDViNGVhOTRjMDRjODk=,在地理大发现时代4a38f3b0354ddf1911c422947be8be8a8cbf2e5f,一起在16世纪被西班牙人带回了欧洲e631a3a317964d3e524e9e1f766d80a1ee387f6d,再一步步推广到全世界MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3n6C9y7miQDViNGVhOTRiZjIyZmI=

JTViNGVhOTRiZjI0MTM=

4af486f8c9c582af3bfa64e349d45836

1620年435319ec8b0bb7f3c75abb022f954ed2,五月花号带着第一批穷困潦倒的清教徒抵达北美新大陆11878684854f217743a780baf3766f998a2ffb6e,这帮人主要来自英国MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMg4qEm7F3oquwqLGiJTViNGVhOTRiZjI2NGI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMg4qEmr6dgGWyqLmi

后来e37d2674701f2daff8ef27bf18ca77af607c97cb,欧洲移民源源不断地来到北美殖民地JDViNGVhOTRjMDUyZmM=,法国、西班牙、荷兰、爱尔兰人都是移民里的主力军MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuaiZgn1_qLOHgKyysqGia548d77da712d9ecc1cf5eea81640e4334e8c0c0

e1efc475af6830e94ca7408ab35f215b

美国吃炸马铃薯条的习惯dbb2361ca234065b7d3f37c8f10908f9637865f0,就是从欧洲传来的JjViNGVhOTRjMDk0MjQ=XjViNGVhOTRiZjJhYjY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMg4qEmr6dgZu9y8-i

如今炸土豆条的形状和吃法排列组合一下有几十种JDViNGVhOTRjMDU1MWI=,不过不管是英国的炸鱼薯条、德国的大香肠配薯条、还是法国比利时的深炸薯条960488766e53883679b00dc3dd03021b1395243bffb220216fad057fd6658fd8ba691b0a

1764f36b4190ca601a6749b751f81b5bbc182096

最开始都是在穷人里流行起来的e13901ce8e7094bb2b28b7ff0b8f2d1995e7f933755904919ae3312b20a1f7c0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMg4qEmr6dgaCxzq2i

五十年代中国人穷的时候4ef05427c0dc5cd28ff098c4505d3db7a23c5d96,曾经大范围吃水多料少的红薯稀饭度日KjViNGVhOTRjMDk2NTk=2a5aef55631f42a540e5756fb4f7211b8e0fedb8

JjViNGVhOTRiZjMyN2E=

土豆在几百年前的欧洲b443b4c98487d85cc8d834f06c8becd5,地位就和红薯稀饭在六十年前的中国差不多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3omWyuLWibab4ec543f519f3ae9e91204997531477a284fa9

ea5ae08e20d1bbd0f9a315573e7df52a9c25fa42

世胄人家拒绝土豆JTViNGVhOTRjMDU5NzU=,认为《圣经》里没提过这种“野蛮人的食物”JjViNGVhOTRjMDVhNjk=,吃了要得麻风病5b70ddcc63b211a9ab8c5a3d778419d841b132e2f4c9451b42a13e8971e28424fe48ceb5

JjViNGVhOTRiZjM2ZTY=

而且土豆长在地底下JjViNGVhOTRjMDViODI=,和高贵挺拔的麦穗不同MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3jZy827mi,不配做成面包MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3ome9pcuiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg4qEmr6dhGawy8-i

 JDViNGVhOTRiZjM5MWI=

但是食物洁癖向来只属于贵族9f776ea23e4f4578a903ac7d61eda21e,挣扎在死亡线上的平民百姓可管不了那么多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3omi9y6mi8ca0db44b4843e3f123ed7d59f1789de

8dbb8e222350e4b96baf16f20418a09d

16世纪末96f57e02d7d0e4ee196f5291761e49891e7cea04,土豆传入英国78f0077cc0f63e7d3032ff0ec4cee57d,并迅速地在英国ab36f7e248951f9ab4c995b58c6d3ae35973ab85,尤其是爱尔兰地区传播开来QDViNGVhOTRjMDliZTI=ITViNGVhOTRiZjNjNjg=

 JjViNGVhOTRiZjNkODE=

到了1650年a4bafd25bd2b2445f0963e7e7b265ea6,土豆就成了爱尔兰的主要粮食作物MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3o52wy8ei0c55dd8fa5048ec77aac994147315f16

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg4qEmr6dhZ-9qLmi

最晚在18世纪末b8010698244051ea7400b94ba1051018KjViNGVhOTRiZjQwYzk=

XjViNGVhOTRiZjQxZTE=

炸土豆条已经在欧洲大陆遍地开花JjViNGVhOTRjMDllMTM=XjViNGVhOTRjMDAwYjk=

17dd6634261e3fe939bc5575c0d6805f0c59611a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3eKywuLGi

KjViNGVhOTRjMDA0MTA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3eGOxtbGi

●  英国国菜 炸鱼薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3eGSxzq2i

IzViNGVhOTRjMDA3NWE=

欧洲当时也有红薯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3kK2ypami,为什么穷人只爱吃土豆?7349b32748ca4385fceb63f1fc0f1dab6eaa1250

5bdaeb75c33727094aed294e7db0e0dc

这就涉及到更本质的问题:609ffd70fa890964df387a526fbe564b7e88afd1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3eZu9tbGi

土豆和红薯的种植条件不一样8170e7918553ed965fd2563aa2febd7449c6674bMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3eZ2wpcui

 7043a440f3976dc2bb35a231ca3666b9159b08d9

从适应性上看12d157333f191cc61429542ca1811db1,土豆可以完爆红薯67d4ab8a0dff1a396fd3e7936e7ac13c7faef18abb79f1cb8bf3efaccd57add6a996b2ef

3a98c99a12f9fbcab4368cf90357fc09

土豆春夏秋冬都能种MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMg4qEm7F3kGS8zrWi,三摄氏度以上就能发芽MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3kGW9pbmi,两三个月就能收获3550cc843c9731e536a86c36233fff34,耐寒耐旱0583b0de10aa72212463bd8cee9eb736b8e5757b,酸性碱性土壤都能适应ca7dfac4773bd1db35c7c36c71073f6b76dec2c9,一般不会绝收65add4e6f0151879d51c5bba9180778032077741,堪称救穷人于水火的神器26eb07cd8f682ecb343377a38563e41db0da861598295ef7af4d358376a6f8391eab0277

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3fKuxk72i

而红薯就要娇气得多3b3a2a8c6b1636ade9918101b6476e62,十摄氏度以下不发芽MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3kZ6xk7mi,虽然在南美洲长得好好的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMg4qEm7F3kZ-ytb2i,但是移植到北半球以后14294464513413ba3b12a9331b381832,除了北回归线以南46badb70922b222561e9f81e97676c1160aafc56,其他地方基本只能四月种植十月收获58dd96b448683a21aa21a90910dc1e3c73c3f5c6,非常不灵活MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuaiZgn1_qL2HfZ282KGiJjViNGVhOTRjMDEzNzg=

IzViNGVhOTRjMDE0OTE=

穷人想充饥还得等半年?MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3fGO9pbWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3fGS9y62i

人们决定放弃红薯3e8a710072396be9975a825187290837IzViNGVhOTRjMDE3ZTg=

 367d64329530ef24a0f65889446c004e68a2c9b0

一般认为e8e013f51d80cd2c73f20b0eceab431c92fa50aa,美式快餐店里的薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3mmOwuLGi,是在一战时期8c29d5d7770005577907b0644d6a272f,美国士兵从法国和比利时习得的饮食习惯的影响下诞生的f51302fafc22759ff734507e8158285cXjViNGVhOTRjMDFhMjU=

 698d9f6af6dcdf346362599b96dc729a210b2a69

不同于欧洲现炸现卖的饮食习惯XjViNGVhOTRjMDc3MjQ=,热爱速冻和半成品的美国人MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3mmaxy8ui,在上世纪六十年代13053142a70a9117d9edd15758e3efcf04980d95,发明了速冻炸薯条a2aff1fd9f3a94c667591c7e261abc0a53fc7ee7MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMg4qEm7F3fZyypaWi

 XjViNGVhOTRjMDFkNmY=

如今JTViNGVhOTRjMDdhN2M=,十磅一袋的家庭优惠装速冻薯条堆满了美国超市的货架MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3m5u8zr2i,而全球美式快餐店的炸薯条eb6fd8e8c4f06cf75eb8918371a2d7c07971d9f8,其实也是由辛普劳等餐饮业巨头预炸后配送的MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuaiZgn1_qL2HkGOwyKGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3fZ68y7Wi

3be6f53d92a6d8f927c3d03ce19f15b78f80a31a

改良后的薯条消费模式79ea1ca31477907f3e1d5ae5af7faaa7,越发越发具有现代化气息c3dc102c9ed8db84e363c8ac16d7ff5882e46817,和当代生活无比契合1399549f33959847d23d9ee804559460MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuaiZgn1_qLGKkZ-82KGi

0bda4aab40f3d03f38952b7444c3873521095b39

QDViNGVhOTRjMDIyZjM=

aa1177b36d67b302d099704c1a66fb8c

a656b0b24e18da8602e7958e3ef320a7

●  就是这种粗糙的食物91fd83358cf6f0ccafee5bcca75430b04b8c8255

ITViNGVhOTRjMDI3NjI=

种种历史因素的影响下19bd74d9e86648f12619235698820529bf110555,土豆和红薯这一对南美兄弟MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMg4qEm7F3nqqxtbGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3gGa8tb2i

7fe6f4abd6433cbf4a0b871e55ba7923

如今国际地位天差地别23e83a3962321b5594b2fe21c86d650d8465e4a88d9f0aedcc1ac7742066b709

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMg4qEm7F3gZu9zqmi

据联合国粮农组织统计MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3nqux262i,2012年全球的土豆种植面积是红薯的两倍KjViNGVhOTRjMDgzNjE=,总产量是红薯的三倍多1ecbef879e5c4bdb0ffcac6794512e63776eab6fac2e7c304895b470f4372e6c387c69a1d0a25243

 JjViNGVhOTRjMDJlMDg=

土豆收获面积前十位的国家里6fa1802943f3bca099efb200a6ac4e0b660d5894,俄罗斯、乌克兰、美国和波兰都榜上有名c0d9969818594bdf5e1360b4cca54c6f7fddb0f7MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3gZ-xqK2i

2628c7fec776170edc9d1c925e7b99d5320857aa

红薯的主产区则是中国、尼日利亚、坦桑利亚、乌干达、印尼、越南、马达加斯加、安哥拉、莫桑比克和巴布亚新几内亚——MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3hKqypa2i

85a886bb14eeaa2d5dd113974390137c3eca7be3

一个西方国家都没有a6aecdc6e316f0bf1c6ef3772b6165514246a78e895152bdb47c3933f72dac1bca8caccd

 133d8f1e38c21dd4008e1e5c5e874f43

所以16bebb7256155c3d79257625bf622a8b,不是说现在爱吃炸土豆条的人还是那么穷MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3nmS9qKmi,也不是说红薯不能炸bdd83dbc817ef4acc8a167818c7fcd737619f485,或者快餐店们对红薯条有偏见KjViNGVhOTRjMGFkYmM=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3hGO9y7Gi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMg4qEm7F3hGWwqK2i

只是想改变这个在西方世界根植了几百年的饮食习惯ITViNGVhOTRjMDg4ZjM=,难度可能和逼着北方人吃饺子蘸沙茶酱一样困难MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F6fZ69zr2iJDViNGVhOTRjMDM3Zjg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg4qEm7F3hGewk7Gi

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