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为什么肯德基麦当劳卖的是土豆条而不是红薯条?

炒红果:#脑洞#明明红薯条也很好吃MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuaiZjnqEnbGdgZyxyKGi,为什么我们在快餐店看到的薯条都是土豆做的748d7f7f54872ab6311c77b674ab7127680c3ea9,而不是红薯做的?MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuaiZjnqEnL2KfGi9sqGi

bfac6ea78d218aa577bbc6bd586a5c6e0ed8eda1

a7fdf4bb3282827adf04ed647e4be5a36e22d710

薯条要蘸麦旋风的值班编辑/马马马5bcbfc346d9e413e2fb94cdc9a236db1

db3af6b2da1ba429faf394702b971b483113fb70

46e52eafe033a75d7cc574295510631980564756

红薯条比不上土豆条的直观原因MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMg42DYb6HgGO9pbGi4f12a4c815a0d78d2308e2ec7434f3a4

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMg42DYb56gKywk7Gi

是口感问题NWI0ZWE5ZDRlNzMzMg==MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuaiZjnqEnL2dhGSxyKGi

NWI0ZWE5ZDRkYjUzOQ==

红薯比土豆含糖量高、油炸爱粘连99795fd3e2f8f00f17357c37f1777a84,热的时候韧性大、凉了之后硬度高MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg42DYb6HgGawqLmi,甚至往往需要包裹面粉才能炸成型MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMg42DYb6Hmq2x27mie8833fbc6397f7c425c3271ae5c9067fe81563aa

 b83a2b0e864219fb6b4c716f9823228c4224ff58

但想想同样不怎么酥脆的美式鸡块4c5d1d24e5163905250567ed2e3540ccfd29f8c4,我们就能知道e1b86ea5fc3beb66c5e86c9b2edf55a372efe1fc,一种食物流行程度的决定性因素b289cac913f83275b93aefb5ce8c894d5f895a3f5f03b89018d940d3ad65195112519126

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMg42DYb56gGeypaWi

肯定不是口感66610f317f1b6b449addd46dc75d83e2JDViNGVhOWQ0ZGJhNjc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg42DYb56gZu8tcui

89c30b32906952061cce035ca6b18c9e8cc59c3a

2055a4f0a745a02573c690402b640372

●  也并不难吃的甘梅地瓜条KjViNGVhOWQ0ZGJlYTc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMg42DYb56gZ-9tcei

显然a40e7010f5ee089ab7a5ef37a30504d6,麦当劳也好、肯德基也好、汉堡王Wendy’s也好df72de26bbdd4e9f52bb11de90b4e3d9,都是美国籍的快餐店MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMg42DYb6HmmS8uKmiQDViNGVhOWQ0ZGMwYzg=

623cbd4c84c65d192d5b6f0183f8c90d008d2aab

就算在中国市场推出了油条豆浆川香汉堡KjViNGVhOWQ0ZTJlNjM=,他们设计菜单的时候4e73163631b6ebe7e685c6bdc4a29a401722b952MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg42DYb56hKywuLWi

ee3eb398e3133fd7fb17269f12b3ddd0

还是必然会受美国本土饮食的影响f94c076320edd56f59163ef91936a4b8191d9610NWI0ZWE5ZDRkYzUwZQ==

所以4520da581f3da8b722f07f4db16a929589cd0c67,在问为什么肯德基、麦当劳只把土豆给炸了时64655f8589b3544ffa0af433e1b3bcc5605c5809,我们得先看看JDViNGVhOWQ0ZTMyYmM=,为什么美国人相比红薯条e6369b58599bef67a5e1e128d3759c620fea15e3,更爱吃土豆条?40c80d5bb8505c5b378954d576811ab7f5782319

d11d13fd427d22d5b06b730b5ecb881b

首先是“传统文化”5275b2e724628c370b2e5bdf26e9e81dMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg42DYb56hGaxtami

b3afcd755977e18edcec28dbcf309572

土豆和红薯的身世差不多4b19e843b6d21cc770ce8aca300fbcc3,这两种原产南美洲的农作物952a5369d4f4ea5feec1972acd088cd5d194a459,在地理大发现时代IzViNGVhOWQ0ZTM3MjA=,一起在16世纪被西班牙人带回了欧洲ec73f158fe0892b6e25d9555a813148b218db832,再一步步推广到全世界MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg42DYb6Hmme9uKmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg42DYb56hGiypbmi

b18d52965e9d41ecbf69f9eabce2e97dc714ce11

2b3ff557ae9108f725eeed783b89db41

1620年KjViNGVhOWQ0ZTM5NTQ=,五月花号带着第一批穷困潦倒的清教徒抵达北美新大陆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMg42DYb6HhGiytb2i,这帮人主要来自英国296b2c823e5b65f81caa88e7a5ca4550MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg42DYb56hZ28k62i

JDViNGVhOWQ0ZGNlYmM=

后来NWI0ZWE5ZDRlM2I4Ng==,欧洲移民源源不断地来到北美殖民地QDViNGVhOWQ0ZTNjYTA=,法国、西班牙、荷兰、爱尔兰人都是移民里的主力军253e4375fd414fd4f72742bdf448cc01ITViNGVhOWQ0ZGNmZDY=

449d11127e8f10da60688022d3d9d4bc

美国吃炸马铃薯条的习惯9a6638bcb85c2babd912b67c201ca90e,就是从欧洲传来的JjViNGVhOWQ0ZTdjZmY=d665753f8a42f245934975711e5ec229

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMg42DYb56iKyxqLmi

如今炸土豆条的形状和吃法排列组合一下有几十种582058ee6321179f878bc643e9bb8fa884549191,不过不管是英国的炸鱼薯条、德国的大香肠配薯条、还是法国比利时的深炸薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuaiZjnqEnbFlkKuwoqGiccddd8dd42059440ca10464e4ff6ea2ecdc5505d

8e6076230701a09bbc191bcdf20f3317cb5f0b13

最开始都是在穷人里流行起来的IzViNGVhOWQ0ZTdlMTI=JDViNGVhOWQ0ZGQ2NzI=

d66b5aa84af4fa7b4ed1c5a6fd39b4d0908ddf5d

五十年代中国人穷的时候ITViNGVhOWQ0ZTQwZjY=,曾经大范围吃水多料少的红薯稀饭度日JTViNGVhOWQ0ZTdmMjY=43058a531cf57c244c4ee2e0e990b794

JTViNGVhOWQ0ZGQ5YzY=

土豆在几百年前的欧洲f6cafcc41cb91dd20ee4d963fc1d8e8a229a1b4c,地位就和红薯稀饭在六十年前的中国差不多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg42DYb6Hm6Cxy8uiNWI0ZWE5ZDRkZGFlMw==

IzViNGVhOWQ0ZGRiZmI=

世胄人家拒绝土豆6b15e66498e0e9dab4b85c9eebef74ed,认为《圣经》里没提过这种“野蛮人的食物”JDViNGVhOWQ0ZTQ0M2M=,吃了要得麻风病MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg42DYb6Hnqqxk62ibb18831a69d7ffea6c7096dfa911abf941aa5c1d

ITViNGVhOWQ0ZGRlMmY=

而且土豆长在地底下892b3d26d113b805908c6295a4a6d74aba0d8f48,和高贵挺拔的麦穗不同NWI0ZWE5ZDRlNDY3MA==,不配做成面包0429f68190a8cd13a57bfb3fc9e077d04a94daccMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMg42DYb56iZ-x262i

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg42DYb56iaCyqKmi

但是食物洁癖向来只属于贵族MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMg42DYb6HiGW8y62i,挣扎在死亡线上的平民百姓可管不了那么多XjViNGVhOWQ0ZTgzOGI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg42DYb56jKq8ta2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg42DYb56jKu8262i

16世纪末21383f9a7212d500662ef5ed035bf7f4,土豆传入英国eba61e89a4a125906c92cf7837e236599e5c2f86,并迅速地在英国JDViNGVhOWQ0ZTRhYzg=,尤其是爱尔兰地区传播开来48bffda44122c072bfa5afabe4d8398f4c82f6f6d44995dfefbc25f3afec9facbf2c24110f0c7b27

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg42DYb56jK29y6mi

到了1650年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg42DYb6HiZywqKmi,土豆就成了爱尔兰的主要粮食作物67c14cdcb540b345fb0410180ba8fb7eITViNGVhOWQ0ZGU1ZTA=

2606d621e88b160e6baa5cedac6bcb485aa229cb

最晚在18世纪末IzViNGVhOWQ0ZTRjZmE=32ff38a75c27374f5372a7a520bbdfe2

9d7e1a13642f9604ad12d80fe9e5b26974189061

炸土豆条已经在欧洲大陆遍地开花XjViNGVhOWQ0ZTg2Y2U=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMg42DYb56jGixzqmi

JDViNGVhOWQ0ZGViNTU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg42DYb56jZyytc-i

JDViNGVhOWQ0ZGVkOGQ=

4c945093be6d5065959cf55751009da4

●  英国国菜 炸鱼薯条MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuaiZjnqEnL6KjZ-9sqGi

3acbf4385ee4c1b7902499aaf779298baaccb81f

欧洲当时也有红薯d18fcdb6a198ce6619b81df29d78461d,为什么穷人只爱吃土豆?QDViNGVhOWQ0ZGYxZjQ=

50bcc710245eb142ba3ed76fe37eb5899641757f

这就涉及到更本质的问题:b542a3722f800ad8dd36a7ad7ffb1f702ec39ec5

XjViNGVhOWQ0ZGY1NTY=

土豆和红薯的种植条件不一样QDViNGVhOWQ0ZTg3ZTc=b712a3fd311bd75cde44fd2bfe2023f4e4e75044

 756858be6d3e9fe8aa071709e167f47c

从适应性上看74b9d27b3e3f7e894164919345ca182663c246f0,土豆可以完爆红薯NWI0ZWE5ZDRlODkwMg==MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg42DYb56kGa9qKmi

9474564a8d3459210d09b44cae014bf2

土豆春夏秋冬都能种29290c73ffe80ed9bbbfa20a2f3565c8,三摄氏度以上就能发芽JjViNGVhOWQ0ZTUxNWU=,两三个月就能收获JjViNGVhOWQ0ZTUyNzg=,耐寒耐旱44f2d7e3c3f54631fce2ccc730f800f1,酸性碱性土壤都能适应31c2ce68b9f7fed3bf1eeb0a0b9bd199,一般不会绝收MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg42DYb6HjGO9uLWi,堪称救穷人于水火的神器ddaa64796ab5ba471fa448f4363758383b767f76f9855b7577bb399b1cacabdf

 NWI0ZWE5ZDRkZmMwNw==

而红薯就要娇气得多NWI0ZWE5ZDRlNTZkOQ==,十摄氏度以下不发芽071fb24d72b9654086fa64b3ff9f6be7,虽然在南美洲长得好好的2a35af28768a2cd89cf0d8a446b8b641,但是移植到北半球以后JTViNGVhOWQ0ZTVhMjA=,除了北回归线以南MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg42DYb6HjZuxy62i,其他地方基本只能四月种植十月收获MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg42DYb6HjZyxk62i,非常不灵活MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMg42DYb6Hn5uxuL2iITViNGVhOWQ0ZGZkMjE=

8efa2ff8d855510198794c0963b5d78c

穷人想充饥还得等半年?KjViNGVhOWQ0ZGZmNWM=

QDViNGVhOWQ0ZTAwN2M=

人们决定放弃红薯428d702a0a808c63b3b1d68ed3389e1dITViNGVhOWQ0ZTAxOTQ=

 57c60717ccfcc6afce1ce739d659a399

一般认为1db9c3e8d53eae1d259af8f8ae92b894,美式快餐店里的薯条df4df4502df3dc9cd1846c1bae005a6c5015cffb,是在一战时期c05618b900a37afcbff540402e7842d275a1af43,美国士兵从法国和比利时习得的饮食习惯的影响下诞生的b4ac1b89903b42c57c7c7d1bf24b6f4789c31c86f7c0931fb6011046610353e3

 e507a41ee6534d92598e91ae7db48b4de5f4cea4

不同于欧洲现炸现卖的饮食习惯MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMg42DYb6HjaC9paWi,热爱速冻和半成品的美国人5041fed48380d621e017816b017a8a3b19c97a49,在上世纪六十年代afed25371483b533e72404ef0d56d7c18aa9b573,发明了速冻炸薯条871b763eb05d9f028d4832ccdc0e05d5fb30a5e4MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg42DYb6HeGSwy8ei

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMg42DYb6HeGWwk7mi

如今7db059076dd8a33e4c82d74e4e5725ebbdcbe1f2,十磅一袋的家庭优惠装速冻薯条堆满了美国超市的货架JTViNGVhOWQ0ZTY1MDA=,而全球美式快餐店的炸薯条6143ae6d6be93b3f90b8fce458c4dd271b0f5c28,其实也是由辛普劳等餐饮业巨头预炸后配送的1e1b056d7c8d5ddb54908ce47c45c23558d2c1785c0b9d1d478929287864d20537981c03

JjViNGVhOWQ0ZTA5NGY=

改良后的薯条消费模式64c4e4c6f23109d50d9abfac0b1d63ea,越发越发具有现代化气息MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMg42DYb6HkGax26Wi,和当代生活无比契合JTViNGVhOWQ0ZTkwYTg=a9fe617357bb9f77f31c8474f3c1545d

9c9829221efa69f40672aa35c31877c831f789d2

d4a7d8f3e86a0abc1070892f1472e8d6

JTViNGVhOWQ0ZTBkYmM=

KjViNGVhOWQ0ZTBlZDg=

●  就是这种粗糙的食物MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuaiZjnqEnbF6kKywoqGi

835596a67f179fcb4a7cf466628ac012a54ef3f4

种种历史因素的影响下afe460afa0f57419c6d72021a7b76e3301b6a538,土豆和红薯这一对南美兄弟JjViNGVhOWQ0ZTZhNzQ=bdad8c8a0e822612c2f2e2e2a3c70ac564ecf220

af930c79977fb37dcf53c88b29cc5a06

如今国际地位天差地别MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg42DYb6Hoqq9uLGiKjViNGVhOWQ0ZTE0NWU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMg42DYb6HfGO8tami

据联合国粮农组织统计KjViNGVhOWQ0ZTZiODk=,2012年全球的土豆种植面积是红薯的两倍593f2dacd24e4defa7ad90fce32158f75974ec9b,总产量是红薯的三倍多6b582962344453bde6b7af6fb529d1e31b97300b92a4a6c7e5cdcd04c37ab0c6

 cef4c776c977edbcd06a8152442ccbbd

土豆收获面积前十位的国家里e6b20db53e129c8a03a096acbcb89734,俄罗斯、乌克兰、美国和波兰都榜上有名c677a01954a53db755140cea056a717106ec4d364809c6aa7678d609b6975681d5dcee3b24de86e0

IzViNGVhOWQ0ZTE5Y2E=

红薯的主产区则是中国、尼日利亚、坦桑利亚、乌干达、印尼、越南、马达加斯加、安哥拉、莫桑比克和巴布亚新几内亚——JjViNGVhOWQ0ZTFhZGM=

f081c6f709b1eb6a987b20018bfd5a92

一个西方国家都没有e8a26a85cee8605b9729200b0f4ecc4eJDViNGVhOWQ0ZTFkMDk=

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMg42DYb6HfZ6xqLGi

所以b735a75c6b5744bd904a5fe7c151e98a,不是说现在爱吃炸土豆条的人还是那么穷5b8521fdea02c88057900c8a15e9b41153849102,也不是说红薯不能炸MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMg42DYb6Hmqqwy8ui,或者快餐店们对红薯条有偏见6f8c0396f63d1f6023719e655c86ca9a4c3378683968f0c412e0eca376de4d7a5b8a2387

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMg42DYb6HfaCx27Wi

只是想改变这个在西方世界根植了几百年的饮食习惯JTViNGVhOWQ0ZTcyMGY=,难度可能和逼着北方人吃饺子蘸沙茶酱一样困难621dd6b1cfb841a538204281aeec5d6aee866d30QDViNGVhOWQ0ZTIxNWI=

JjViNGVhOWQ0ZTIyNjk=

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