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日语听着像江浙话,你的直觉没出错

日语里一多半的发音确实和汉语MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hK2wuL2i,尤其是江浙话有点像16523584f9a6ce9f6ef99285fcbce71e37f84d3e42bed93680cd3f25823dc723b1d6028d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3gaCytbmi

从两晋南北朝到明代7b75e22defa409b59c3624d855d56428c3e832e5,江浙话锲而不舍地影响着日语发音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hGOxtbmi00b2d66fe32cf477e7ba75b0b152fd72

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgoqAnrN3gaC8y8ei

日本人的吴音、汉音和唐音JjViZWQ2NTNmODMzMzY=,都是江浙话的远房亲戚MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hGOxuL2if5849754a864ebccfb67b977011954c8

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3gaC8k72i

那么这种语言改造是怎么完成的呢?视知TV用两分钟告诉你~XjViZWQ2NTNmODJmZTE=

8d72f10a150009709cc051a4170813afc0118f4b

· 温馨提示 ·320384c0270c97ab14923083c05ede93

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版952dbc474b0080b9a5bea9562aea6bad6a2b7767182f8125485c87a09d88851dccc0708b2b666b39

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKqwpami

JjViZWQ2NTNmODMwMTA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKqwtami

视频链接21b8d16cca4852b8ab12d984d4d2c52b

这里是文字版JDViZWQ2NTNmODMwMjg=

58327eaf1bbd3f5a5977877ca613d199

31eecc6dc88670c71d56f4ccd7ef260e64362869

日语听着像江浙话0a99a2ff9e36752a140306d80d8c71b4MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryVgWiLZbGteK29yKGi

39b00cc4e377f7054d9dacf466d7ebc178237223

你的直觉没出错9af9c65cdf5f1a0f8208b4b8144c513b8e80d8c2MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKqxta2i

NWJlZDY1M2Y4MzA2NA==

日语里的汉字发音JTViZWQ2NTNmODMzNGE=,有音读、训读两种73c05242d53e49872abc1e50ee98b8ebbe2268e2KjViZWQ2NTNmODMwNmM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryVgWiLZbGteGW9yKGi

其中KjViZWQ2NTNmODMzNTI=,模仿汉语发音的是音读5a39c84c9911a0f3c7bb338a9e1ee7a10ff08d1a1fbc6077f7bf3a6800b3a92835bb8d75

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKqxk72i

常见的音读又分三类:“吴音”、“汉音”、“唐音”3a74e0c5970920c008853f81a592d47d5bc35f591c07a79d2804579da3f777efe8581da5

20d656766fb7151fb623bced29e565e3

它们虽然发音不太一样JDViZWQ2NTNmODMzNWQ=ITViZWQ2NTNmODMwOWQ=

JTViZWQ2NTNmODMwYTU=

但是都和江浙话比较像4aa7e1d1c01f2a5a3812462f724e0d2175d734ac903e1216d6adb692e7fcd470

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKq8uLWi

比如“京城”的“京”2e231d347cd1d44db2389be813733c45,吴音是“kyoto”、汉音是“kei”、唐音是“kin”;e2fb26acf7cfd920b1d1bc7783be1d74

KjViZWQ2NTNmODMwYzM=

“光明”的“明”c1419a700b230bc2142ed5d53378f441,吴音是“myo”、汉音是“mei”、唐音是“min”fad60a830ce382cdf823f98a45baf2099e145b15XjViZWQ2NTNmODMwY2U=

89c6700dec2b74049d63df6845e2e3d78117afea

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKq9pc-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKq9tami

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKq9uK2i

 XjViZWQ2NTNmODMwZmI=

吴音的原型是JDViZWQ2NTNmODMxMDU=

0d13f223dc86623f771f367f5e9c4a2c2de90762

两晋南北朝的吴方言XjViZWQ2NTNmODM0YWE=QDViZWQ2NTNmODMxMTU=

262f315bb1e44f5c83143c1ffc97df71

d253954230539bc7ee333b24e0073e81578d6fc9

d1b54d3c409d13e977d5f906794ab62a4a4af91d

f86b5fdf8ce687f268eaec0da0ae1b3a

d91cd04872278790cee2564484faf281

中国文化传到日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgoqAnrN3hK2x26Wi,刚开始要靠朝鲜半岛做跳板edace26ff531a6b39c5aa47ae79dd5caMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKuxpbmi

b595904d9de32372508332429ceda5a3eac6781b

应神天皇十五年(公元285年)7ca187ffb243991519a550b728e384e5,百济国王派阿直歧和王仁带着中国书籍东渡日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSWgoqAnrN3hK2ypbGi,这可能是日本人第一次大量接触汉语6fdd984d22dc6963cc26c1c418c46d34f376b614e593a4d2cf2395b10f331e4186b89312

39e0eb794b8388b81f8f036452ae6ebd

五世纪起f241b19394912a500241399d16fca5601fa6a1b9,日本和中国南朝有了使节往来ec990dd21937746df1697ca458d0a0e71047e91f16a9444916870b70267dcab7db5e9652

f7b9bb4912b9adacd20de399500ac5b7

到了六世纪QDViZWQ2NTNmODMzOWI=,南朝不少僧侣工匠东渡日本9940f2cfee8c045e7e7a82cbe578847f,这些中国人不光带去了汉字书籍90e647f5defa7f6509bfc96109bbe8ec218b8e4f,他们的方言口音也影响了日本人MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hGO827miMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKuxk6mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKuypa2i

隋唐时期5ec52273d078a54f594943bbca917dd9,中国的政治文化中心迁回长安洛阳MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgoqAnrN3hGO8k7WiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKuyqKmi

JjViZWQ2NTNmODMxOTg=

日本留学生接触到的c80e9dca761c2a2ed5ccbb5838a4d44958ddd509,主要也是长安洛阳音77f747d4228055a8b625fe3b33e7cd36MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKuytc-i

e8b06ecbe7f95a79ee49dc67007b3d17e2443a19

这种发音传到日本以后KjViZWQ2NTNmODMzYzY=QDViZWQ2NTNmODMxYjM=

934a7d732c1b0c0c306bb9874be274231112db40

被叫做“汉音”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hGO9ta2iJDViZWQ2NTNmODMxYzM=

JDViZWQ2NTNmODMxY2I=

在醉心大唐文化的日本贵族和儒教弟子之间d1c03da7d7929f05e578847b11d7be21,当时汉音比吴音更流行QDViZWQ2NTNmODM0ZjE=JDViZWQ2NTNmODMxZDM=

0732617832388f58aec6f7365fd83bb2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKu9qK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKu9tbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKu9uLWi

 XjViZWQ2NTNmODMxZmM=

不过764b991b253417205a2be64cab133236ffd3b943,一千多年前的汉语语音和现在不大一样071d18438c9bae51f775b18f16e59ed4QDViZWQ2NTNmODMyMDY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKywpcei

唐代的长安洛阳人说话0f03518f1f5d77ddb3b6b93997f656b4,比起今天的陕西河南方言MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hK29tbWi,还是更像江浙话2f4d49102a83cdc19ec819411a1906efIzViZWQ2NTNmODMyMTc=

54276ae4a6e3110fce122cce144fef2d

“唐音”又叫“宋音”或者“唐宋音”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hK29uLGi,指的是宋元明期间MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgoqAnrN3hK29y7mi,传入日本的汉语发音a9cb45f2a654a4d4788997e8a002c54b13cc1f7562132bb8d9ce8de81373e9e4274a2081

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKywy8ui

“唐”字的意思也不是唐代cf25a7dd73027562c12b2d8cc499755b3eb5d476JjViZWQ2NTNmODMyMzk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKywk6mi

而是泛指中国MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryVgWiLZbGtjKq9oqGi55c4f7821e3886d9f7ce464a4bb612b9cba282c3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKyxqK2i

唐音主要靠来往于江浙和日本之间的商人、和尚传播d8047bd662fd0149c6b489f5b63e2e84f53a501f099329eb2149b610a5d832185db6a120

f518d2dcc164f534c440aa66013ac708

唐音的原型MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hGOwpbWi5112995891fb75f42ec7ee560cdf32a08c6249b2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKyx28-i

是浙江土话和南京官话639b8531a653c1d257529b1f70a2d4d87a2166f9eca526c0643ef6a6095720c6

ad31465cb740563c23716033bf6102f1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKyytbWi

77dd40f0eadc343592db277b214cff65ffc4bab9

b6d2b8c85d281821e542d6afb5c3d39c

 IzViZWQ2NTNmODMyYjU=

现代日语里896a06e5775b608d14585d8b212827a7,三种音读出现频率最高的是汉音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hGOwtbGi,其次是吴音82e9b3bb85b1ad9f7f39afd8ee79d200ea23c422,最后是唐音588d168c02fbf0d3d063fc8d9dd09fee6e0f00b0JDViZWQ2NTNmODMyYmQ=

9c564b579add0bf3ba336c0ae43ae29d5b222028

因为历代政府的偏爱d9d07e7ac3607494015e30b4ee43715fab288c8f,汉音的势力越来越大fa1b4419367f613b94c4cae7138ddd8f,直到在东京话的基础上MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgoqAnrN3hGOw27Gi,形成了现代标准日语3ebb355eec444c26bc4e82f7f22fd4d060436fd5MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKy828ui

IzViZWQ2NTNmODMyZDg=

汉音占了音读的半壁江山JjViZWQ2NTNmODM1Mzg=4206995966df6bffd24cdd76ebf897b7

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKy9tami

NWJlZDY1M2Y4MzJmMQ==

426be1de04e0e5a56e9aa3264953313c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgoqAnrN3hKy9zq2i

 QDViZWQ2NTNmODMzMGE=

至于唐音JDViZWQ2NTNmODM0NGE=,今天基本上只在禅宗、武士道、茶道这些领域里才能见到了b373afa8d8770fbb557f0bd0a7563d849ee560dbf29533eb27fae4574613e68a837e14d07cff411e

9f3c765e24dd1a534271fe7871d6394bdbe76b16

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