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日语听着像江浙话,你的直觉没出错

日语里一多半的发音确实和汉语ITViMjdlNjMwMDlhZGY=,尤其是江浙话有点像MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6hKqwpcuiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3gZywy7Wi

36b87893e875d3a3f7e092bb5fff64f3

从两晋南北朝到明代73bcf711a0c0229e4f9a63a38cd1e64b,江浙话锲而不舍地影响着日语发音IzViMjdlNjMwMGMxZmQ=3fbd224b8cae02d80592af5444136e2272b56895

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-ElLiWgbBzqLGgjGaxoqGi

日本人的吴音、汉音和唐音b174ab9c5d20ad9778e28c6ed9c8422e,都是江浙话的远房亲戚MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6hKywk7miMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3gaCypbWi

JTViMjdlNjMwMDMxNzc=

那么这种语言改造是怎么完成的呢?视知TV用两分钟告诉你~MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DzMfQgqB_qLF3hKu8y8-i

XjViMjdlNjMwMDMzOWE=

· 温馨提示 ·ITViMjdlNjMwMDM0YjA=

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版b3eb665f845b7b878d3ff1eb30a9fe77MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-ElLiWgbBzqLGtiaCx2KGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3hGWwpb2i

9a50dafb90fec74c9b37d9f1773ecc7c

JTViMjdlNjMwMDM4Zjg=

视频链接06635cc042e1b65b1d587a9eff458438dcd7978b

这里是文字版ITViMjdlNjMwMDNiMjM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3hZyxy7Gi

9858c524c4b81453075853b2386a95c1

日语听着像江浙话XjViMjdlNjMwMDllMzU=11a570f6d282ff46a90b7c5e9102acef

KjViMjdlNjMwMDNmNWI=

你的直觉没出错JTViMjdlNjMwMGM1M2Y=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DzMfQgqB_qLF3haCyuLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3iKq8uKmi

日语里的汉字发音JjViMjdlNjMwMDlmNGU=,有音读、训读两种1d866ee2d4bb4b8956e64e92a7e5547051e2f8c8c06150b1d735c27891a14062

a53364a331f96e413456cbf86863e24a

其中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3o6Cytami,模仿汉语发音的是音读a7a85194b5958797a37f814a538e7da1df99c08744f9f52e13c3dae1282c1a88565ac9b921099bf6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-ElLiWgbBzqLJ3iZ-9oqGi

常见的音读又分三类:“吴音”、“汉音”、“唐音”747808db5d058804326a6311e82ee6c2b0b18bc5MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-ElLiWgbBzqLJ3kKqwsqGi

JTViMjdlNjMwMDQ3ZTE=

它们虽然发音不太一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6fKq8tc-ifc2bddbb64700e6e069bee0281db4d9db2319da1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3iGiw26Wi

但是都和江浙话比较像QDViMjdlNjMwMGM5ODc=734a3fbe28d9c06bf8e63ab94f206c8a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3iZyxtami

比如“京城”的“京”JjViMjdlNjMwMGEyOTc=,吴音是“kyoto”、汉音是“kei”、唐音是“kin”;MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-ElLiWgbBzqLJ6hGW9yKGi

ec641a24cbeaaba5a22b8cf537e5cc3d

“光明”的“明”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-ElLiWgbBzqL2HgZ-woqGi,吴音是“myo”、汉音是“mei”、唐音是“min”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6hGi828-i7b37b60f8414b0b856d88fe63406a6c3

a65ade68ad2d9011020640e58d81a7391a24f3ce

c4d9d723425f4fead2c5ff74e65a87adbd3567c7

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3jKu9y6Wi

21ebd79003255b943cfca1e8b4a2cde136404c13

 ITViMjdlNjMwMDU0ZjU=

吴音的原型是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3jGSw28ui

JDViMjdlNjMwMDU3MmI=

两晋南北朝的吴方言MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6hZu9pc-iJjViMjdlNjMwMDU4NGI=

b82349e061514aac56808d7feda271f82e9b4a0f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DzMfQgqB_qLF3jGi8tb2i

d962748cc9007eabfedfe7fe49a995ca764b5210

8ddd21dbe160cf19a7280627b8ba04af2722f344

JTViMjdlNjMwMDVkZGE=

中国文化传到日本de907f4cf7299c236327d3fd1171dd1e,刚开始要靠朝鲜半岛做跳板ITViMjdlNjMwMGNjYmU=864195efbfca9b631a957b1decb2dce5207b3bdb

JjViMjdlNjMwMDYwMTQ=

应神天皇十五年(公元285年)6ba4e3434311e4028342518fc12186ffaaf9f7d9,百济国王派阿直歧和王仁带着中国书籍东渡日本b3b1eb3bebae8444043655539f069169,这可能是日本人第一次大量接触汉语9847789091894f612c239308442ebab70b11c63710b74d1b475e893ae7c899a87e15bb5f

dcd0dd1089a252c7f1c4f41e1d56f69f

五世纪起ITViMjdlNjMwMGE4Mjc=,日本和中国南朝有了使节往来ITViMjdlNjMwMGNlZTg=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3kKyyqLWi

98be232f3d6200a9dac23571559c51d4

到了六世纪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6fGexy8ei,南朝不少僧侣工匠东渡日本QDViMjdlNjMwMGFhNDk=,这些中国人不光带去了汉字书籍6c46b782f54745e8b0078600e26da417,他们的方言口音也影响了日本人7df51f2ca6e79e1f7005eabf81eeb20150f5b954b32409b5d0f52a991d3290bbc7c084b56c517808

fe775ffb4808ff36886845696dc3d20d

隋唐时期38d5cdda39c05ec280d0aff63781662f81434397,中国的政治文化中心迁回长安洛阳MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6iKqxpbGiQDViMjdlNjMwMDY3Y2Q=

0a6756b1a50c3988fb67be86457397b5

日本留学生接触到的MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-ElLiWgbBzqL2KhZywyKGi,主要也是长安洛阳音JDViMjdlNjMwMGQyMjg=XjViMjdlNjMwMDY5ZmQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DzMfQgqB_qLF3kZuxpaWi

这种发音传到日本以后MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6fZ68272iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DzMfQgqB_qLF3kZyxuL2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DzMfQgqB_qLF3kZ2xk6mi

被叫做“汉音”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6iKyxzq2i15f6a71cbb15f9b6a49434d9c3b56224d368ccde

ITViMjdlNjMwMDZmOTM=

在醉心大唐文化的日本贵族和儒教弟子之间f42809e85e6532b94481c3db561518edb5de8504,当时汉音比吴音更流行JDViMjdlNjMwMGQ0NTc=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3kaC9pb2i

JDViMjdlNjMwMDcxYzQ=

7a6a9b01583fc0c418eebbc26238e6756468ab85

NWIyN2U2MzAwNzNmYQ==

9acd394656a78db7787416ea7cf43a233ae86144

 XjViMjdlNjMwMDc2MmU=

不过dff5e09d08f54bec5fb436ed3602695f7dcb25b9,一千多年前的汉语语音和现在不大一样IzViMjdlNjMwMGQ1NmQ=JTViMjdlNjMwMDc3NGE=

e3dc97e54ba5cb71aaa4315de2c72128

唐代的长安洛阳人说话db41bd2822a9b0416e8264134d1e809ce357ab51,比起今天的陕西河南方言IzViMjdlNjMwMGIyZGQ=,还是更像江浙话8b530b179f1f7d606f9a808ee16adaeb7a8da770MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3mme8uK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3mmi9pbmi

“唐音”又叫“宋音”或者“唐宋音”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6gK2wuL2i,指的是宋元明期间IzViMjdlNjMwMGI1MDE=,传入日本的汉语发音JTViMjdlNjMwMGQ3YWE=JDViMjdlNjMwMDdiYzA=

109dbd3b1efd7376a12a3c3db0be4d0d037b805b

“唐”字的意思也不是唐代JTViMjdlNjMwMGI2MGY=c9e9787442a4c5d0fe27c03a5adc0622

04ba3070511a3e336a54b951c392ac69

而是泛指中国e2269085ddcf56f9c24cb8a948afe8a8a1297033b7dcb987db557e9226397f1c3a3684c3

ITViMjdlNjMwMDgxNDQ=

唐音主要靠来往于江浙和日本之间的商人、和尚传播a6c642127addbf16862c231376f81b0908651c99bbd38728470e4dd44790e31a97747643

JTViMjdlNjMwMDgzODg=

唐音的原型f6e1c17cf26897be76abe99c6d3ca906902a20f9cd329d5aa399b4551a85dbfb

8bc077bafb0dab6a5784b6d66d3adcaf

是浙江土话和南京官话JDViMjdlNjMwMGRhZTg=26877821aebdc94eeafd2fb9fceb505219ac4dfe

XjViMjdlNjMwMDg3ZmI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3nmewk7mi

8525a64e14f6e16a5c557b89694f9d35ce4283de

5a05d8defb173a20d1d88a841dc4a634

 2f36fe95d97dfbcb3ca67c29b5cb4e971d1bbe37

现代日语里c92c175982f988257989a8bd0e43373c,三种音读出现频率最高的是汉音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6gGexzrWi,其次是吴音KjViMjdlNjMwMGJhNTQ=,最后是唐音NWIyN2U2MzAwZGMwMw==XjViMjdlNjMwMDhkOTA=

de7c63c07fec10f310288ccca5ed7ac9

因为历代政府的偏爱b4f03da2dbcaefe815da64539dece9836dd7379d,汉音的势力越来越大MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6gZy8y6mi,直到在东京话的基础上02fc21d9887cdb954079e6b5349fa85ab5718c8e,形成了现代标准日语6d1ad2b28341724cfc24a898452bb137MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3n5-9uKmi

b18afa36aa8e19f50cd79284aff89643

汉音占了音读的半壁江山MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-DzMfQgqB_qLF6iZ2xpb2iQDViMjdlNjMwMDkxZWY=

IzViMjdlNjMwMDkzMTM=

QDViMjdlNjMwMDk0MmM=

NWIyN2U2MzAwOTU0Yg==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF3omSyqLmi

 27e2302761d990c3060fbb48543f4b016577cd61

至于唐音MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-DzMfQgqB_qLF6gZ-9uLmi,今天基本上只在禅宗、武士道、茶道这些领域里才能见到了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-DzMfQgqB_qLF6iZ6xy6Widb4820a448de3a0346fecb9bb104ed94fbd95743

803a250ab34449c8727d8127d07d3568e0e775ad

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