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日语听着像江浙话,你的直觉没出错

日语里一多半的发音确实和汉语MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaOHYbKdkK2woqGi,尤其是江浙话有点像9e44a8da8d14a9097ab8d293923d4e4aMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kKyyuLWi

9c83c32baa67bf6a87f78733934caed453347db9

从两晋南北朝到明代416fefbf042e684e72b654645a57fbb2,江浙话锲而不舍地影响着日语发音96ebca5ec99004f3332ade48ec0289ff40ef07c4JTViZWQ2NGJlNDYyZGI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgn18nbJ3kKy9qLGi

日本人的吴音、汉音和唐音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGWxpbWi,都是江浙话的远房亲戚NWJlZDY0YmU0Njc4MQ==559550d358348cf549158f79ee535273

2cf9818b36efd79c858ed4473832fe32

那么这种语言改造是怎么完成的呢?视知TV用两分钟告诉你~3b5728e2b76e337f0c8f31dc241db3cc919e417a

356688c2796e0c42ab61a2392307efb1

· 温馨提示 ·29694484f1f3c79be45b4ffbb43b166496d3a7a7

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGaypbGi9bf0122f6aa34a15cf6ff340e7187ee2

af8979d898b310aa53cd2acfb07aee37

38f8866e5c074932b6856a59e76ecd02

5648971e90278873de516a7c60fe77e165171074

视频链接6fcba8f8e002c677a47c3bb98c0b3b7cbf9cf889

这里是文字版MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kK2xqKmi

9a42c7591902f0dfeee0e4d695ef72c264fb3266

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kK2xuKmi

日语听着像江浙话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGWxqLGieebc4ad768da4a579d2cf6ed8146df66777bd474

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSWgn18nbJ3kK2xzqmi

你的直觉没出错63e8a78d38d4066bc6fd31771e47e408afc1393103dc98969edf32440392e32782ff61ed

430cf25c32923f43c79a68a96393859bfc49d630

日语里的汉字发音NWJlZDY0YmU0NjY1ZQ==,有音读、训读两种JjViZWQ2NGJlNDY3OWM=NWJlZDY0YmU0NjM4ZA==

078f54ef8157ee38e51d6b1d65f55c59cabf64d0

其中MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGWxuL2i,模仿汉语发音的是音读ba3c8b56a704405b181ed718ca98a08bd1dc1244ITViZWQ2NGJlNDYzOWU=

9993583d0adb6369dd73bbbe85b7edd95139450f

常见的音读又分三类:“吴音”、“汉音”、“唐音”JjViZWQ2NGJlNDY3YWM=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kK28tcei

3311635dad99f26cbfc86a7e6d69e229

它们虽然发音不太一样832f5832ea3df20c69b990219e70a8fce26721c1f85ea49edb72162b6b84566f1a77181a

76782b357c55004da3b205833f0cedc1

但是都和江浙话比较像MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGa8uLWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kK28k7Wi

JDViZWQ2NGJlNDYzZGM=

比如“京城”的“京”a2e7090c884109921c1f2da146922a4dd3bc5419,吴音是“kyoto”、汉音是“kei”、唐音是“kin”;IzViZWQ2NGJlNDYzZTQ=

1a487c5a1defb546a897816bd7d76d26

“光明”的“明”6dd33096bff555b583df033cbe3c9de9,吴音是“myo”、汉音是“mei”、唐音是“min”790650ad22829282a1398ea2ca1803dac287f67cc7109fd5ecd96315b5d7e3592bc11b14

a64e6679de81c8a8d887c3ba0c416035

IzViZWQ2NGJlNDY0MDM=

066048416360160632a902c85461860a54be7f2e

IzViZWQ2NGJlNDY0MTQ=

 IzViZWQ2NGJlNDY0MWM=

吴音的原型是8b95bf28528f44a3a30a9dd9a1972e82

bea3bd10d70e988458d42ac4f89b75e5

两晋南北朝的吴方言ITViZWQ2NGJlNDY3YzU=IzViZWQ2NGJlNDY0MzY=

ef4a398d2f70f7c8a342e0ed77389be5a65df6f4

3fb8c3f0f7f4ca93e80b86b94f013bfd

JDViZWQ2NGJlNDY0NGU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaOHYbKdiGSwsqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGOxtc-i

中国文化传到日本a3512f614f6be3d41c5c751482e95cac20e3032f,刚开始要靠朝鲜半岛做跳板dbef4b95ad316a908b5a2ddefe3bb3108880729e42b570349374d56cc75ad7608b806fe72ab290df

eff2c2471260dd1dd409649a844eaf9cbc445d8c

应神天皇十五年(公元285年)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGWyqLmi,百济国王派阿直歧和王仁带着中国书籍东渡日本5a22dc83d18780c61343050796349710715a4a78,这可能是日本人第一次大量接触汉语QDViZWQ2NGJlNDY3ZDc=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGOx262i

KjViZWQ2NGJlNDY0ODI=

五世纪起d902befb4440dbb990bbde6189ca5ea7190e406f,日本和中国南朝有了使节往来QDViZWQ2NGJlNDY3ZGY=81dd850872efdb7ce3e0436f42ed33b2933f28f6

3520e768782eaa9f1399d7b32b59ede7

到了六世纪1b4b17e77dbe549c3c7c61150ee01cb15e411f09,南朝不少僧侣工匠东渡日本d62d05a57f44cb6f30c21469e6ebf39b,这些中国人不光带去了汉字书籍2a813e8b99d43cee238f03dbc573283ed6b04d90,他们的方言口音也影响了日本人JTViZWQ2NGJlNDY3ZTg=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGOytbGi

KjViZWQ2NGJlNDY0YTI=

隋唐时期5830ca6c43ac46d33ccf48445055d696b18267be,中国的政治文化中心迁回长安洛阳MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGa9tc-i076423d568af970f5518f411d355c888

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGO8uKmi

日本留学生接触到的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGW8k7Gi,主要也是长安洛阳音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGa9y6miMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGO8y6mi

46b1c7d96179b1ae3630d0d439f99a05aa7c4ae3

这种发音传到日本以后418c9be40281ec59fe6726e2e2849d71c704b4a8a9cb3e37ab65455d65bc8afb2ce2f5a445caff78

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGO828ui

被叫做“汉音”KjViZWQ2NGJlNDY4MDA=0a6846bceb85108fefbd19d58634f974

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGO9pcei

在醉心大唐文化的日本贵族和儒教弟子之间3c0a8d029dd573f143a998ce59e35bb5,当时汉音比吴音更流行JjViZWQ2NGJlNDY4MDc=MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaOHYbKdiZ-woqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGO9uKmi

XjViZWQ2NGJlNDY0ZmM=

NWJlZDY0YmU0NjUwNQ==

IzViZWQ2NGJlNDY1MGQ=

 d36768b1b357df5990d0730c29254ae6

不过ITViZWQ2NGJlNDY2ZWU=,一千多年前的汉语语音和现在不大一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGewpcui23473485e9f329abf54a5e6c581dc2cc

IzViZWQ2NGJlNDY1MjU=

唐代的长安洛阳人说话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGW9uL2i,比起今天的陕西河南方言2543d3644a73b127f899ec01f8821e5159337d73,还是更像江浙话NWJlZDY0YmU0NjgxOA==e3e8caf2984b480aa49a9fa4cbbe5ba3

6d938005e9496b372d62c56d0e764f54a4149e58

“唐音”又叫“宋音”或者“唐宋音”MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGawpami,指的是宋元明期间891db5e15fe94ccc8ff2550369fb34d1,传入日本的汉语发音7ecd66df6fb8dec5d2aeb4460086ab5eeaef29b266504f17d84f11b9b69543a5c0416398

a7e2925642d3b89a20e089719e57cf03d26995b0

“唐”字的意思也不是唐代a54831ac6c26379b4ebf39ec59956f61b909def9MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGSxpcui

e09b236c29abf9dcdb180c9f940254d8afb57ac1

而是泛指中国JDViZWQ2NGJlNDY4MmI=48a25f5eecf9e5e6cdb81164776489553c1f1d92

09a8e75920e65ffaf37332651224c74fad7f07e0

唐音主要靠来往于江浙和日本之间的商人、和尚传播a0265ab4eb07301ea83b1ba062b5f16dc790856167b3cd4e7fb9a2ee404412677b869983

481cace0915bd96ce82db3b1d1f62e07

唐音的原型c2a154b984770784c03aba4eef3861e3069751f9KjViZWQ2NGJlNDY1N2Y=

524ab42c8ec26c086de162df16d248bd94384fdf

是浙江土话和南京官话MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGew27WiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGSypc-i

a907c2d9b05e40224f577e924bcd494307044e31

69ff78f82358bbe3082d960c9a5b5568

JjViZWQ2NGJlNDY1YjI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGS8y7Gi

 54ade159f097f31fb5c4812e53fa493d

现代日语里081d181d792b6ecd67b46ddcc9a88b9b,三种音读出现频率最高的是汉音049ca958ac0fd42df9cac020ece5be72,其次是吴音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGaw26Wi,最后是唐音20e357dc00e33da14e80ba99bde65b404303c7b74e1e7e91bcecf7acc0af32f93a3c127e3afe2f15

def8e0fad22c20d7d5b7d5060361e09bf99f8046

因为历代政府的偏爱JDViZWQ2NGJlNDY3NDA=,汉音的势力越来越大MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaOHYbKdmmOw2KGi,直到在东京话的基础上0d3b674b6617a99c81c6dfed7c47222a,形成了现代标准日语76061469b1ce7c049e5cd5887cd858ccf66c189cJDViZWQ2NGJlNDY1ZGI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGS9qLGi

汉音占了音读的半壁江山2ec982bce52978691e361f27b17a6f3ced895ed6JjViZWQ2NGJlNDY1ZWE=

0df2fbbdfbec2c7d15706b3892576650

ec7032e5118da1894307d559061e805dd2f7cc8b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGS9zqmi

JTViZWQ2NGJlNDY2MDk=

 b874146f197d8a2b6e87463a2eefbd56353f74d2

至于唐音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSWgn18nbJ3kGaxuLGi,今天基本上只在禅宗、武士道、茶道这些领域里才能见到了eb1beeb588b633b97e0da278fa50d277MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaOHYbKdkKuxyKGi

4cdd42acd54170fef8d78d538b550feb00f43c27

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