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日语听着像江浙话,你的直觉没出错

日语里一多半的发音确实和汉语26e5d2a1fb33fdf79a57bee697780713,尤其是江浙话有点像c241a777b9fa27b6d38305f0dd819a2dMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrKtkZ-wtbmi

JTViMmViYTQ1NzcwMGU=

从两晋南北朝到明代dfc22f3e20d620759b1115cfbab36a0e3cd4d722,江浙话锲而不舍地影响着日语发音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrN3eKyypbmi42612717f6a9e478c1544db073faf43f

57b90fc13df7281659c1adf9b66a2ea47e236575

日本人的吴音、汉音和唐音b24fbb8f6038f00840fe8e99b5df81e03357ac09,都是江浙话的远房亲戚MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-Qua3MgnqHZbF3hZu82KGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrKtmqyxy8-i

KjViMmViYTQ1Nzc0NTQ=

那么这种语言改造是怎么完成的呢?视知TV用两分钟告诉你~dc708817d0c72829ac78bd0319858d4f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrKtmmS8tbGi

· 温馨提示 ·52b4c2b6d49c85c845102023b795e5627f51978e

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版KjViMmViYTQ1ODA1OWI=ccc89849a7d928b58c45e0e893a0f016e11bb3bc

14cf5dc4fd17c8f3c5d04378feea85e4

677f1dc21c792593f4b84f7eee0e3ecc

8c466fe116f1d027f92e98ff677f1380

视频链接MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrKtm52wpcei

这里是文字版e335a9d06e763d4bf7fa51813e9cc0572b12f140

8e13b372b41112e41b4dd924facdf249

7f9e9fb7efe47a7ba6e5f51bc0df6253

日语听着像江浙话MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJliZ-826WiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-Qua3MgnqHZLN3eGSwyKGi

28f2f6e1188d79229cad80443196a3406690df47

你的直觉没出错481014a37549a2505ad3a81112621537MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-Qua3MgnqHZLN3gGewoqGi

bc03e1d216d16815c393e93c7813c2cd99c545a3

日语里的汉字发音62957ea2a539483887f7d37912bb54b766a8b5b4,有音读、训读两种JTViMmViYTQ1ODA3YzA=280f2cd22af57f64e452476b429b26e6aeb770d9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrKtnmS8y6mi

其中65e7c503d57fc8ab93b3a675422f9bcd1b7dbc43,模仿汉语发音的是音读JDViMmViYTQ1ODA4ZDI=e116c007ce6545b625c3b1a909b49e77

e90346ac3765aa38e8183ee755a722e1

常见的音读又分三类:“吴音”、“汉音”、“唐音”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrN3eGiwtbWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrKtnme9pcei

9bc9d5f5c9290fe2e7f9e775bc122a9aae449c58

它们虽然发音不太一样IzViMmViYTQ1N2UyZTY=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrKtn5u9zrmi

IzViMmViYTQ1NzhjZDg=

但是都和江浙话比较像MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrN3eZuwy8uifbbd23b8d5ff643358b217b14fe5a8f6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrKtn5-wtbGi

比如“京城”的“京”ITViMmViYTQ1N2UzZmQ=,吴音是“kyoto”、汉音是“kei”、唐音是“kin”;0ae1eafb226f210d9a8ce3dde62968e1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrKtoqqw27Wi

“光明”的“明”64397713d22b0629a85730b4b082176a0eb2ebd6,吴音是“myo”、汉音是“mei”、唐音是“min”dfeeeb759225212e7e407b7aefd8657bf588e9acKjViMmViYTQ1NzkyMTU=

98b9dd443137a077c619713df4bdee462715bf1c

ea8feddb52113d70e08617216c8abdda47928529

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNjYqDYrKtomOx28ei

891e564b7e69df189e21aa9e2cf47837

 IzViMmViYTQ1Nzk3NjY=

吴音的原型是MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNjYqDYrKtoma8tcei

246ba308c165c72d3cfe15217a5c6151

两晋南北朝的吴方言482b3513d2134ffd5edb21474222d81cMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-Qua3MgnqHZLOHo56xoqGi

bd853c64a428df2d4d6e6af846fd5757

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNjYqDYrKto5y9y7Gi

IzViMmViYTQ1NzlkYzc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrKto5-wpcei

29b5813ce7cc75bd3efa0552865251e8

中国文化传到日本bfebb013d723622a91a69dbe62b3dc19e1886eb8,刚开始要靠朝鲜半岛做跳板MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrN3eZ6xzrmi803be045384fa9e3cce7899f19a28a25

24e8e97791cad8b6c7d9910896bea3ba

应神天皇十五年(公元285年)JTViMmViYTQ1N2U3NDk=,百济国王派阿直歧和王仁带着中国书籍东渡日本3af87e049cdee4bd3b731a6b0af94730,这可能是日本人第一次大量接触汉语IzViMmViYTQ1ODBmNWM=XjViMmViYTQ1N2EzMjM=

NWIyZWJhNDU3YTQzNg==

五世纪起MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJljGe8tbGi,日本和中国南朝有了使节往来JjViMmViYTQ1ODEwNmY=a3482dc701a14be36b1844a8fdaf95106f4c147d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlfGSypbWi

到了六世纪KjViMmViYTQ1N2VhOTU=,南朝不少僧侣工匠东渡日本a207738b0b302ed9cee7330b85707c37,这些中国人不光带去了汉字书籍JDViMmViYTQ1N2VjYmE=,他们的方言口音也影响了日本人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrN3fKq8y6mi0011f1afea6ce88e8e0dbc9b01c8dfdf29e58786

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-Qua3MgnqHZL2Hm5uxoqGi

隋唐时期4cba3ee96f9a3d8871783be92f9d4136,中国的政治文化中心迁回长安洛阳41018c436fe52e2caf3117f942ecfceb89d3e131MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlfGe8y7Wi

0f20058fd51a1a2ac75e2849447a6f30665d0411

日本留学生接触到的c8cb520d900a1aad59318c2bc6c3dd07,主要也是长安洛阳音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrN3fKy9tbGi28d108276df53345af0acdebd59ebce6

e1079a02ec88ef97f540d17e39ea52abfda45b91

这种发音传到日本以后JTViMmViYTQ1N2VmZTc=85339aacd3f6947c3f08319264c1c64e

c24299e8fca346479c5e4dc90d1f6edd

被叫做“汉音”XjViMmViYTQ1ODE0Y2Q=XjViMmViYTQ1N2FmZjI=

b0a576fd2ab435f9f1c2f59776be289a

在醉心大唐文化的日本贵族和儒教弟子之间JDViMmViYTQ1N2YwZjU=,当时汉音比吴音更流行MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrN3fGSwqL2i8947830c92e1cce740c1ed2569f28168

NWIyZWJhNDU3YjM0MQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlgK2ypbWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlgGOyuLGi

8a8f4767804aafde8457d75729e631c3fe24221e

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlgGW828-i

不过29dab81016102654623cdc21bf132a73,一千多年前的汉语语音和现在不大一样f052e8684447aabc518c17684771d69e07c6e443d790914ae5a083e73f8bfbaa63d50db3

00adc38b36a9865762c58974a629f866d5e45884

唐代的长安洛阳人说话NWIyZWJhNDU3ZjMxNw==,比起今天的陕西河南方言7faf6277f5ebd587a0dc8a668a7b0e8f58652751,还是更像江浙话JjViMmViYTQ1ODE4MTI=KjViMmViYTQ1N2JhZWU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlgZyw26mi

“唐音”又叫“宋音”或者“唐宋音”dcf16bc43064693a63ff40b19df3bb83,指的是宋元明期间8534a0b295946193c602562ffc82d00a1f5afa32,传入日本的汉语发音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrN3fGextbWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlgZ2xpc-i

JDViMmViYTQ1N2JlNDM=

“唐”字的意思也不是唐代MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlkGWyqLGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlgZ-ypb2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlgaC8tbGi

而是泛指中国ITViMmViYTQ1ODFhMzg=JDViMmViYTQ1N2MxOTk=

71c81040b33f28066cafd17aba76c97c418a8e86

唐音主要靠来往于江浙和日本之间的商人、和尚传播JjViMmViYTQ1ODFiNGE=JTViMmViYTQ1N2MzYzg=

ITViMmViYTQ1N2M0ZTk=

唐音的原型MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlkGayuKmi78ba2a00115fabf3193867abc6e37b07

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlhGWxpc-i

是浙江土话和南京官话37f592fb8337baef230324fec374fbb2JTViMmViYTQ1N2M4M2U=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-Qua3MgnqHZL2tnmexyKGi

JTViMmViYTQ1N2NhNzY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJlhZu8y8-i

NWIyZWJhNDU3Y2NiNw==

 QDViMmViYTQ1N2NkZGI=

现代日语里d44d0af4d63ff160eae2029e0f29371841825bb0,三种音读出现频率最高的是汉音bbe88435a71f909d09adae5be7909fe628d1145d,其次是吴音05d7d539398cecb1b395af7ee7c5629d0295ce95,最后是唐音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrN3fZ28taWiIzViMmViYTQ1N2NlZjI=

2b7714956305ed34bafcf30150173644

因为历代政府的偏爱46fc295b6d8d90f7c35501c1974ce64f,汉音的势力越来越大a1f3f0f60e61dc76beebcae3b3e0e91c,直到在东京话的基础上9535c31362a953badfc006c6084ab427da0da025,形成了现代标准日语JTViMmViYTQ1N2ZmZjM=a8fc89fd2210b1296ad6a4b7713a90e6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJliKuxy8ei

汉音占了音读的半壁江山MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrN3fZ68y7GiIzViMmViYTQ1N2QzNTE=

e7572028f4413220f8cf69d950808f58b0f25dc7

7297fa3a30a0aca68f9d7885e6cc50d3384be41a

QDViMmViYTQ1N2Q2OWE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrJliGW9qLWi

 8bb85e3d1df2f6924e1250c1660d4f20

至于唐音42cf4c70f62b70edf547cfc4da669360,今天基本上只在禅宗、武士道、茶道这些领域里才能见到了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNjYqDYrN3fZ-9pa2iQDViMmViYTQ1N2Q5ZWI=

01eb153aa15269e147d3b41959bc60fa93b6cc5f

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