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日语听着像江浙话,你的直觉没出错

日语里一多半的发音确实和汉语MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHnq2xtami,尤其是江浙话有点像a09d08b5ea8eb83a2628f603bb26a961MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMjWiDZLOHfKqxy7mi

XjViNGVhY2Q3OTEyOGM=

从两晋南北朝到明代XjViNGVhY2Q3OTg1Njg=,江浙话锲而不舍地影响着日语发音49d6f51f68cc17df59c509317d4e1756b0af8a6712b20977bb1e86cde5513e42

c51be46f83853b79cfee85993762d46d01af55aa

日本人的吴音、汉音和唐音MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHnmS8uLWi,都是江浙话的远房亲戚880190eeb206322083c40dc191f05fb2QDViNGVhY2Q3OTE1ZWU=

NWI0ZWFjZDc5MTcxZA==

那么这种语言改造是怎么完成的呢?视知TV用两分钟告诉你~JTViNGVhY2Q3OTE4M2M=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHfGeypami

· 温馨提示 ·MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMjWiDZLOHfGiyuLWi

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOKfZ-x27Gi98d155f655d763ca86b73879929482f68f2a6caa

JjViNGVhY2Q3OTFjYjI=

2431a7d61b4b464a4d8dd98bc70e7106

a8b014f3f5e21c436e9fcfc12a8c7e66

视频链接9093a8eb2afda595683418899efb2279

这里是文字版QDViNGVhY2Q3OTIxMzQ=

ea8bf252a24905571c3ba4c31fa77398

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuanOjnqVZrGdgGi82KGi

日语听着像江浙话61d72a2186f24e988265942fbd9f7cda3072c1f732f1997c73dc342284b301f2d1b3c59b

8addcdb21cadac3455e116db97c91757091be45c

你的直觉没出错501bc21bf9cfaebcc1c73df83f810c2dMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHgGS9tcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHgGawpbmi

日语里的汉字发音MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuanOjnqVZrN3m6CxyKGi,有音读、训读两种NWI0ZWFjZDc5YjE4OA==1baa3359bb30c008c41654748fc0bed3

d2a859fa87be3cc791b471f820a179f0d6df38cf

其中c9d3f566055cd79bd05fae6ffffc583926d8fd83,模仿汉语发音的是音读78c5e5116980ad6eb2caf3660a26cbc774b9a6c45e2ccf033ac910c09572a70df8a7a1e7

JTViNGVhY2Q3OTJjNjM=

常见的音读又分三类:“吴音”、“汉音”、“唐音”89d8f62624de5bea8c2e0a0fb04deffbff888296f246230b1e38bbbc76b97b55

4fbd6a39df1feb5e283d6b91e8bd5be69646b086

它们虽然发音不太一样NWI0ZWFjZDc5OGIyOA==7e2e46288f48b69690766625d8dcd61b

IzViNGVhY2Q3OTMwYjI=

但是都和江浙话比较像MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOKgK29y7mi2f984b9a65b0a0867f5288dddc107d67e0771460

da718597c3811136c7089124110b8b2dbd4a97cb

比如“京城”的“京”8c53012300b443de6dd641cf8900fd64,吴音是“kyoto”、汉音是“kei”、唐音是“kin”;QDViNGVhY2Q3OTM0MWU=

19145e6490ac630e11107baf104b701312c5f47c

“光明”的“明”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHn52ytaWi,吴音是“myo”、汉音是“mei”、唐音是“min”NWI0ZWFjZDc5YjVlNg==KjViNGVhY2Q3OTM2NzI=

bb7c6e8fae757b635c3b8e3187f377677f6694a3

41e0cdbe3db73f23f09569c1d849e9fb

IzViNGVhY2Q3OTNhM2Y=

b5299ace9899bba5f62c339704c13cf6

 XjViNGVhY2Q3OTNjY2M=

吴音的原型是MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHhZ6wtbmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHhZ-xtcei

两晋南北朝的吴方言ITViNGVhY2Q3OWI2ZmI=MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuanOjnqVZrFlkGixsqGi

6c1be422d99507b203331829f1c98676

e81ec96440a4bb16d777688cc07086878bc3a190

7c3a6a7327cf7a506e8c86835dc55441fd0f75ad

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHiGOwuL2i

7a57fa109e3df56da11d29851ec37232c651b3f1

中国文化传到日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHn568uKmi,刚开始要靠朝鲜半岛做跳板28975c01663d6e09da9e70de1b901c4dJTViNGVhY2Q3OTQ3MmI=

KjViNGVhY2Q3OTQ4NDY=

应神天皇十五年(公元285年)IzViNGVhY2Q3OThmYjI=,百济国王派阿直歧和王仁带着中国书籍东渡日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHn6C9y72i,这可能是日本人第一次大量接触汉语6d1a876862da3356781c94dcb7ec451adbc07dd706ab719f3e0add9eb48194978a5a043e0b700c4b

IzViNGVhY2Q3OTRhN2Y=

五世纪起346a9bb05b81914ad745309754938d62,日本和中国南朝有了使节往来f10c08738e2bcb98759e9105d252a1e55d07c704NWI0ZWFjZDc5NGJhMQ==

NWI0ZWFjZDc5NGNjMw==

到了六世纪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMjWiDZLOHoqywk6mi,南朝不少僧侣工匠东渡日本MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHoq2xtc-i,这些中国人不光带去了汉字书籍MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuanOjnqVZrOHiZuyoqGi,他们的方言口音也影响了日本人39bbc5b90c190f3278d3fddb83cd97e0NWI0ZWFjZDc5NGRlYg==

JjViNGVhY2Q3OTRmMDY=

隋唐时期KjViNGVhY2Q3OTk2YzQ=,中国的政治文化中心迁回长安洛阳c759a61aa32cb2566137345994d9e75b1fa4ee18fab37a8222ed23a3fa8ce7fae61133b0

f3ed6408536f6c9965e27ff0ffe49e6b12025352

日本留学生接触到的818f6797516ac3ed9333a7d006caceeab2c1d755,主要也是长安洛阳音9b94e0b405eeb7ef53ea00d4676eecdbJDViNGVhY2Q3OTUyNWY=

JTViNGVhY2Q3OTUzOGM=

这种发音传到日本以后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHomewy8ui9a662cfb8c9b5f3078421106c4c8e1e0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHjGO9y6Wi

被叫做“汉音”198794160e3a14c1b71eed657aaf64c34630f3c636d518c88f81d1c42d931c6a95a36db2

JTViNGVhY2Q3OTU4MGE=

在醉心大唐文化的日本贵族和儒教弟子之间MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHomixta2i,当时汉音比吴音更流行8f4ec88f5521d4226c6058c1e13a515d8790fb0774356768685d0626bbc2c2803e8e800d06095efd

2401e6a8a73429f6446a10cbaadcb032

402a9097794e19fdb66f533b4a6d800f19c9a541

6cb3e37da4d3ce8f245142acfaa4c924

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMjWiDZLOHjZ6wy8ei

 JDViNGVhY2Q3OTVmMWE=

不过91b510236f7e95f95840f50d677939e5,一千多年前的汉语语音和现在不大一样1cfa29b99792812dea7e213c016399f4e0727f546889a03ab41dee561a34058b9932dd52

JTViNGVhY2Q3OTYxNTk=

唐代的长安洛阳人说话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHo5y8uK2i,比起今天的陕西河南方言MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuanOjnqVZrOKhZ-9oqGi,还是更像江浙话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOKhKq9zq2iNWI0ZWFjZDc5NjI3Yg==

QDViNGVhY2Q3OTYzOTc=

“唐音”又叫“宋音”或者“唐宋音”15172dab90f5c21746e8f6537f6a1d71ea40ee9e,指的是宋元明期间MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHo6CwuL2i,传入日本的汉语发音2f6c696b79b51a884b1449a2e6816684f52ecd24cd2bb0d8e3746668425ed1f5

29faf9e772850c0346952565ec3cfe1313f5fcee

“唐”字的意思也不是唐代XjViNGVhY2Q3OWExMTg=NWI0ZWFjZDc5NjZlZg==

e2eb26226494653ebe06e567f068203a

而是泛指中国47458ef46466ecf9a64e3c544dc644c5JjViNGVhY2Q3OTY5MjY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMjWiDZLOHkGixzqmi

唐音主要靠来往于江浙和日本之间的商人、和尚传播dec3339a97dbd879b326fef0c7c2717432b01844JjViNGVhY2Q3OTZiNjI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHkZy8tb2i

唐音的原型MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOKfKuxuK2ic8e3c704a43dccf0357b1eb5fa7e47cb

2d5261fe3b02da7d228e2b9781c448a7

是浙江土话和南京官话MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOKhGSxy7Gic9c66725cfed86159d5e745eb20c4812

NWI0ZWFjZDc5NzBmNA==

c845c93fa8d7f7365ebad6ab4bc5d57a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHmqyxuKmi

33484cbce8cfda570ed1d0c3ede9d058

 53caaf4d57f7f9219d9046839f808722

现代日语里1f4e113b5563beaa827680f92f573e8c,三种音读出现频率最高的是汉音MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuanOjnqVZr2HhGe9yKGi,其次是吴音b3a67af6b1a45426c1eae2960a72e4f2,最后是唐音d6c31544f2b76da43afe48d529a319bbMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbnMjWiDZLOHmmS8y8ei

JTViNGVhY2Q3OTc3YjE=

因为历代政府的偏爱MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOKfGS8zrGi,汉音的势力越来越大b3aafb415aaf4f17da70fb809187c102,直到在东京话的基础上a734dfe72eb5dcd840b8cf7bf570fb80,形成了现代标准日语MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOKfGe9zrWi152af0ee300925629380ea7d9ca31647448ddc0e

QDViNGVhY2Q3OTc5ZjQ=

汉音占了音读的半壁江山MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOKhGaytbmidb5ef8a09fffeb4d504df319496900b8

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQuanOjnqVZrJlgGSx2KGi

JTViNGVhY2Q3OTdkNGI=

39eb27b248be61b604fcde46fb1f4ca5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHm5-8y6Wi

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbnMjWiDZLOHm6C9pa2i

至于唐音a39db74ce5aba540474738329deaeaa3,今天基本上只在禅宗、武士道、茶道这些领域里才能见到了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbnMjWiDZLOKhGe8uL2i5b532aa815a1eee64ea5782b0ea9c835bfcd29b6

2e2f553a87dcaf4293d13610b0a6515c3792c548

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