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他差点成为中国第一个吃巧克力的人,为什么最后没吃?

de17612a5aee143ab145071cc2b95161

1706年JTViNGYzM2NhOGFjNGI=,康熙突发奇想MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLDejWh3Zb2KhGixsqGi,让大臣找来150块巧克力95bdb98c3558d2bd4a35f38db29bbf8770ba9d67ee68ef5359ee9742c27c0b87

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbzegWiAmbN3jKq8tb2i

康熙朝的巧克力是从哪来的?用什么做的?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegWiAmbN3jKu827mi

97304e2bc54a898d942cb2db27b4bdd7

为什么康熙最后没吃上巧克力?8d3515cd3e00a94c2e1ec4fb51bdffa8febcc092

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegWiAmbN3jGO9y8ei

视知TV两分钟告诉你XjViNGYzM2NhOGFlODU=,其中不为人知的秘密!de2a62c69ccfa9ce7772427ce330e8bf

f16d2c381cbc23acd8e01ddd701ac17e3dd550a4

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegWiAmbN3jGew28-i

· 温馨提示 ·4c642539403955b80490094106785b898775b5b6

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6iZ2w262iQDViNGYzM2NhODViMGI=

视频链接f0e0f3e2305aa86976c771f6ce0d2e604ddceb90

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegWiAmbN3jZ2xy72i

这里是文字版NWI0ZjMzY2E4NWU0ZA==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbzegWiAmbN3jZ-yqLmi

ITViNGYzM2NhODYwNzA=

大家都知道4fbf98241f6706d5d6f87059c9b9d2e1,康熙皇帝对西方的各种发明f873a48d7f16d061e5be3a3b6fc3892c01a3547a非常感兴趣MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6iZ6xpcuiITViNGYzM2NhODYxODA=

d4bc79332462335cb9dde2a1cbdaee5f

不过大家可能不知道的是8cdbf7a883ed1f4e0c05298d00125603IzViNGYzM2NhODYzYTU=

XjViNGYzM2NhODY0YmU=

康熙差点就成为MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6gKywuLGi,中国历史上第一个吃巧克力的皇帝MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLDejWh3Zb56jGS9oqGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLDejWh3ZbKdjKqxoqGi

539a57e209b11ab7c5e0bfff91120db8f634710f

20c9287f4cb4eced5379958b43a042da

IzViNGYzM2NhODY4ZWI=

39192b77421d0b261c09177978e98c41

康熙四十五年(1706年)7afaad556278af86e29ee1bb1ca579b2aea29423,类似于现在公司行政主管加资料室管理员的武英殿总监造赫世亨得到皇帝指令JTViNGYzM2NhOGI1MzE=要他去找巧克力b3077006d0ef2a12be097beb209086675c7b2ba7372028f2727f8d730be2bf30667366de

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegWiAmbN3kZyxqKmi

康熙的的原话是这么说的:4b16b6e6932d42376c85d9dac699c67f33011c20

JTViNGYzM2NhODZlNDg=

“着赫世亨至铎罗处MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6gGSx27mi,倘若铎罗多带有deriyagaMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6gGWyqL2i,可以求取MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6gGa8tbmi,若少则勿取XjViNGYzM2NhOGI5OGU=,可捎信到广东后寻得fb9d47f2606b4d317269216ac6f17b8d950eb33c,寄来亦可e286dbdc11c35221c2486ba348822f4c。若有cokola亦求取17de913d2d2e2d329e7b34f329c6a72941f382a0。”b4c227dc7d6b45aa0c5c0e3fdc4d78b18dbbf10b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegWiAmbN3kaCyuKmi

Deriyaga和cokola都是满文奏折里音译过来的写法MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6gZu9qLmi,Deriyaga是一种现在已经搞不清楚是什么的西药MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6gZy9y62i而cokola就非常清楚了——IzViNGYzM2NhODcxN2M=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegWiAmbN3mqu8zrWi

巧克力4b3e9e78f2eb993602af87128988dbe574a90ec8MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegWiAmbN3mqy8k62i

JTViNGYzM2NhODc0YTg=

6a3754522bd79488666adb3cdd56c0d12a2f408f

4df15e0c64c26a6438ba8fd553f1d0dc

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegWiAmbN3mmawpa2i

 并不是这种巧克力938d53b85f056c4e4925766eccca13b93e7af251

7f47a68e9530b8c8fa046fa74b8cf3ec04d585e3

JjViNGYzM2NhODdjNmM=

皇帝一声令下MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLDejWh3Zb2giKq82KGi,赫世亨很快就搞来150块巧克力MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegWiAmbN6jK28y8eiJDViNGYzM2NhODdkOTA=

dca2dd072dd13e127e39a3e2ec3e7ad1

因为怕吃坏了康熙5c809682208bbe564f3bf6066ac1555b,自己掉脑袋ef5431f9c41a130c53c2f642741ddd6772b09e30,赫世亨找了意大利药剂师鲍仲义NWI0ZjMzY2E4YzExOA==1dd75b0743b67a2413636c1ce9c5dfa7

e2cfea35968a72d9c38e5a04987da3f3

来鉴定这些到底是什么东西MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6jGO8272i6e0c9de93e111d02fe95022956f7258b6d9fa2dd

101d3dfc315514e3d95713186375afa3

还原鲍仲义的讲解7289d257df1cb1171f45e060220156b19e86737d,我们可以知道29d78132ffde15e82a277f8860b451e6875928f4,当时的巧克力主要产地是美洲和菲律宾30979df76206b48897762872d701e32705015eac,一共由八种原料制成:肉桂、秦艽、沙糖、可可(gagao)、香草(waniliya)、茴香(anis)560132d8c2f5a1af40c5d045441022b6e4788d70,以及现在不知道指什么的满文音译词“ajuete”和“megajuoce”570441c1f4c964a733cd49105f705c96aac0299fJTViNGYzM2NhODg0MzQ=

569803db8b791a188ec1859e4c731697

NWI0ZjMzY2E4ODY2OQ==

3cfeb7c36569cccef6cc3536f11795dd6fab8852

KjViNGYzM2NhODg4YTc=

 可可豆JDViNGYzM2NhODg5YmY=

ITViNGYzM2NhODhhZDg=

固态的巧克力MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6hGS8uLGi,十九世纪才被发明MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6jGW9tcui0fb253c767fe8ed86c2670722af926f816e125cd

4ea3a3ab059186fe2c1497779eb36b69ffc2d787

在康熙的时代MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6hGW8272i巧克力还是一种饮料MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegWiAmbN6hGa9pb2i,而且贵族们一定要把它放进装了煮开的糖水的铜或者银罐子里XjViNGYzM2NhOGM5YjI=,再用黄杨木捻子搅匀了喝1b4bb6f5c10fe0c44631b000d52e95ccbeaf472904bad3772f6ed24c4e4f03c352b99f39

0da6b61cbff63ef187ca0ba6d5709c7f94c49302

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLDejWh3ZbN6kGix2KGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegWiAmbN3oqq8y7mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegWiAmbN3oqu9pbGi

除了食用方法不一样MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegWiAmbN6hGi9y7Gi,康熙时代的巧克力还有一点脑洞大开:它“性温而味甘苦”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLDejWh3Zb1lgKq8sqGi,主治肠胃功能差、腹寒腹泻不消化MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLDejWh3Zb1lhKu9sqGi,而内热发烧、痨病痔疮的人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6hZ6wzrmi,就不能喝巧克力96b652cf816979317211d4483f371251ac4e7722784a4fcde71569f47fed699b

37996e2c5b58778a6ca68cd5fba59021

总体来说c5b82921fc8ae7cea22780921ed2b0fd0cd127c5和红茶差不多3972bfe28e140a33b1b4b5ddef643aa35d319315MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegWiAmbN3omSxpbWi

ea8e1d576b6db7161678a7a90866f07168df3af3

康熙一看7530bb6e92fe6c4a811163d6eb87880dc6bb2a2c,原来巧克力和金鸡纳霜不一样df5168f8f332a85fd0d47650838afe4ea06c9c5f,不是什么西洋药物XjViNGYzM2NhOGQyM2Q=,说像茶叶吧MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6iKyxk72i,看描述估计还不大好喝0f14508d637cc2eacd7c02d5153dfb31,要来也没什么用0cb68933d840413c32aa68c0150125fbb3de7d070999eb58fefc1a31401c1638015fee01

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegWiAmbN3ome8tbWi

于是他大笔一挥d7744a1fd1cd92db3533de232027a35bbab10cb0,在赫世亨的奏折上写下“知道了”120e64915b8c689236757bb039a04f4c3e28b86b8b12cdada3d6ded088a7401e03c9a56e

9880912bf45a7b75dd8ae7ecb2e73a2e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegWiAmbN3o5y9uLWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbzegWiAmbN3o56wqL2i

八卦的踪迹577644c85a286056ec62bff74a7f88ad,就断在了这儿JjViNGYzM2NhOGVlNDc=JDViNGYzM2NhODllZmM=

ccb83eaa3c048f5415d0b94628d39843b4a0db2c

康熙错过了一次饮食接轨世界的机会JTViNGYzM2NhOGQ3OTM=,那150块让现代人垂涎的正宗进口巧克力c0f950595ad2084aa5d89793f42fa37c,也消失在了历史的尘埃里f9f9eab6db489ef3b744f3192abf5883313ed97cMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegWiAmbN6fKqxtb2i

fafc1520efc29768c6b6cd6931f9e177c0bcfd41

078a5773ec3f8969e4e44b62f4a6ae147af5d818

e819d77067f2b5e97d7368bff7c2a009ec033589

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6fGO8zrGi

参考资料:MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegWiAmbN6fGS9pbmi

3cad4d12f1af5942b05b18f3b57facc2

1.中国第一历史档案馆编MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbzegWiAmbN6iGe9tbmi,《康熙朝满文朱批奏折全译》MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLDejWh3Zb56fKqwoqGi,康熙四十五年五月二十四日《武英殿总监造赫世亨奏报向洋人索取西洋药折》aad4a4a1d02b530455c198b28a0a4973f47acbbd

2.关雪玲:《康熙时期西洋医学在清宫中传播问题的再考察》,《故宫学术季刊》2012 年第1 期f1d54dc31c887b9dc8cc74b151c5d4c7bb55d29e

79f16c2d39d20c2a12c9f5c1e393a157

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