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日本艺伎美丽背后的真相,只有她们自己知道….

提到日本我们总能想到一类人0cdcd5d2fb9c3c55165cc988a4a2931a1783f20d

她们犹如一件件活的艺术品51e8473593505d12372934bf9fa5796f

为世界展现女性的极致之美e2606f723804597eb98f6adafee5c6f46a58683d

3932e8a4d065bc5349e73e9ca5c4e5f3

e3f1fe5a8ebcdda335b888062ce8e23c

JTViNGYzNjY3MzIxNDg=

d99b9fc69c7c6ec5f93c0cb104d93bc5d7c7aabf

400年来艺伎一直是日本文化的一部分bbc05d1197648abe6e73765423fbc2e20f51a0da

但仍然有许多西方人带着有色眼光看待她们b4322b576debd003eb622e5bda1f87a4

认为她们是妓女JjViNGYzNjY3MzI2Yjg=

而事实上IzViNGYzNjY3MzI4MGY=

近现代的艺伎只出售自己的才艺而不是身体b4f2332ba289bb6ed246d3a1785d844f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegqCLZLGtgGi8zr2i

6929e661f3f8a9e4d4a76b933efc6b26

ab24da52453530d127814ecab1af6161

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVq7GgiZ2ysqGi

日本艺伎产生于17世纪的东京和大阪30a0d83e3a671fb0302bfd6c13be18b0dd1109a6

最初的艺伎全部是男性29b5f9e0d2091a12ca4ae6d3f4a1e50d

他们在妓院和娱乐场所JDViNGYzNjY3MzMyZjE=

以演奏传统鼓乐、说唱逗乐为生MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegqCLZLGthK2wk7Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegqCLZLGthGOytbWi

大约1750年左右JjViNGYzNjY3MzM3MTU=

出现了第一个女艺伎1dacfb4c110eb2a7110970f395a963fc

18世纪中叶MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegqCLZLGthGe8zrGi

艺伎职业渐渐被女性取代93558402a5f861f9abbafce5c0e2ba07e9c63e91

这一传统也一直沿袭至今6458442992c74a279f5b18f1387acf48

d286d12ad42f4454b63094ab93020e305577cddd

0a8a6143d8bf12124db14daa3618614fa8e83eb3

c8da35034b7cc9ca4a2a40b0d045be88a410e1dc

NWI0ZjM2NjczNDFmOA==

8994f51270f74bb81013b1ddada200c7

因为一个“妓”字5fa0ed603f6b8fad28999c4ef93a307b

“艺妓”总是容易带给人们某种情色的联想538dbabf600ed226418bfcf669f8ff27dd3d8b26

而实际上KjViNGYzNjY3NDgyMDA=,作为“艺妓”JDViNGYzNjY3MzQ3NjQ=

 “艺”是主IzViNGYzNjY3NDgzNmI=,“妓”为辅8f115bb22de846bb0fd671e21d97445b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegqCLZLGtiGiwuKmi

1a73179c8262f43f51030168cfc8d11b9fb5f43f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegqCLZLGtiZ2wtami

4b6254687ba35dc044344c2612c07696

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegqCLZLGtiaCwqLWi

在现代汉语中cb4a77334ec8c918b0519ac4b416f1471817f7d5

多把“妓”字直觉关联到性交易方面QDViNGYzNjY3MzUzMmM=

因此才有了“艺伎”3fee9c5005e296932687956e8670278a

以避讳为目的的现代汉语翻译写法XjViNGYzNjY3MzU2MjU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegqCLZLGtjGWxk7Gi

NWI0ZjM2NjczNTkyZQ==

JjViNGYzNjY3MzVhOWE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegqCLZLGtjZu9tcei

XjViNGYzNjY3MzVkNjk=

艺伎一生主要卖两种“艺”6da3e8f7e47cd89e71bd2075d2e6bb3f

一是才色之艺cca5625f81d9ea4fee34fcbb4c13f68ef488d46f

二是处世之艺558b83f40c0e3f2ccf5ea9a156c7441e685eefc3

614bef69d5b69dc684513778d54ba948

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegqCLZLGtkK2wy7Gi

03b4375f747783f478fa7a4eadf79b48acce5d0a

JjViNGYzNjY3MzY2Zjk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegqCLZLGtkGaxpb2i

所谓“才色之艺”3965d9c231627e53aa25a4894f982d1bba4d0516

是指艺伎不仅要有从歌舞到各种乐器须得样样精通a3383829f671819d86ae4a45833fd131

还必须“才色兼备”0dbee409c15d3d53921729a843793b52ea5f3c35

这个“色”并非指容貌漂亮MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegqCLZLGtkZ6w28ui

而主要是指言行举止MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVq7KgjZy82KGi

是否足够温婉雅致、赏心悦目69bdcf3cd1e1423326e025daed88e9aab6592e7f

a27b1609d3ecbe3744eea8f9bbd72c09

a7b14d3f553a2fbb46f608cc2eebebd2

9b85da27587387e8a6ee9593c3d9d885

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而至于“处世之艺”c331b62588c3bc5c4921d6011d34525299fb113d

就是指“教养”d48234ec257c0560a192336cc07b8552f42fd0ba

c79b1e5493daee5b55d07ccafbd0cc69

NWI0ZjM2NjczN2RkOA==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegqCLZLGtm5-wzr2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegqCLZLGtm6C8tc-i

JDViNGYzNjY3MzgyNDg=

对于艺伎来说bba75e50cb7ab8fd5cff69ae0cdda4d8276b4d1f

生命中最重要的颜色就是白色6342e938c5c058dde98821ab9a1327f7

过去没有电灯IzViNGYzNjY3Mzg2ZTM=

依靠油灯和蜡烛的光线比较昏暗8591b74198ada1437a33fc48d9e39a3a37de445e

这样的白色可以在夜色中更加明显XjViNGYzNjY3Mzg5YmI=

一颦一笑容易让人看到5ac9956a5c7d9cdfcb8195a7ba62a8444b68fd25

IzViNGYzNjY3MzhjNzM=

IzViNGYzNjY3MzhkYzg=

b50de4f600e1fcc4fd967a02752660ae118d22e5

ce455859ee547a57f88c05743e65eacd

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegqCLZLGtoqq826Wi

在日本传统文化中白色象征典雅和尊贵IzViNGYzNjY3MzkzMjA=

寓意纯洁无瑕QDViNGYzNjY3Mzk0N2I=

艺伎的和服边也是有讲究的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegqCLZLGtomO828ei

颜色越多的级别越低3ac9c77326c7bfa40b3b4233f8399fd957ae9898

高级的和服边是全白的6890c3a8d9515e84c0c35b690dbb9bcf

ITViNGYzNjY3Mzk5ZjY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVq7OKfGO9sqGi

36933c69b07ea90469967ad2ce38c46112d80ada

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegqCLZLGto56wpb2i

c262814e638122c069b667a375b197206ee1d508

初级艺伎往往只涂下半唇唇妆73154b6df6839c622e436a4305a98825,颜色较浅NWI0ZjM2NjczYTBlYg==

到了高级艺伎阶段则涂满整个嘴唇6f8d1f267ea5ea1585e399b6998e2277

颜色更加红艳浓烈61eae2ccc0b07a8786f36ac7ac697720

1b2d9340fc30b6fe09b2ca138b2bc6af

NWI0ZjM2NjczYTY4Zg==

fe423ccb8ca14371e9d6559f41a26489

JTViNGYzNjY3M2E5OWI=

796b1f9b3ded567a0a416c374eb2eb680ba5c817

通常与她们交易的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegqCLZLFlfZyx26Wi

都是上层社会有钱有势的男人db9f30f8719e890f5e90f6f7c1129e80

在昂贵的餐厅和茶舍里JjViNGYzNjY3M2FmOWU=

谈论生意的男人们喜欢请一位艺伎相伴MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegqCLZLFlfaC9y7Gi

为他们斟酒上菜IzViNGYzNjY3NDg2NTU=,调节气氛MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegqCLZLFlgKuxk7Gi

而这最少也要花费1千美元4c9da053effed09b44008d239aa29652

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegqCLZLFlgGOxk7Gi

f27f66e47737668b1acc29c04b0bb02c2867780a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegqCLZLFlgGax27mi

KjViNGYzNjY3M2JhMjE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegqCLZLFlgZux28ei

06c113a83e54f1c8a9902e4bade527e6cc3af2ae

5f180541a479b9f323bb0532063b31c6

日本最著名的艺伎岩崎峰子QDViNGYzNjY3M2MwMjA=

她一生阅人无数cf179aedee65fc16dd9e5ea0b1707d26

曾与美国总统福特fcf8f60b9aa51962587aacb469afdd7f

亨利·基辛格以及伊丽莎白女王等人会过面MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVq72thGa8yKGi

aed518e431f973ed8b1231998f6e57e9

IzViNGYzNjY3M2M3YWY=

NWI0ZjM2NjczYzkzNA==

c4050344d997682ad8246506bb2f33a0

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbzegqCLZLFlhZywpbWi

日本历史上的艺伎业曾相当发达MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegqCLZLFlhZ2xk72i

京都作为集中地区曾经艺馆林立IzViNGYzNjY3M2NmMjM=

从艺人员多达几万fd744b1e04353a8d1e9f3d5cb921466932a57b08

不过艺伎业在二次大战后大为萧条了ITViNGYzNjY3M2QyMjc=

目前京都的艺伎只不过200人左右MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegqCLZLFliKyxk7Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegqCLZLFliK29y8ei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVq753jGe9sqGi

QDViNGYzNjY3M2Q4MzE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVq753nmiwsqGi

IzViNGYzNjY3M2RiM2E=

今天很多女孩是出于兴趣爱好be59c3e3b1925aec7f51e3c9e7d024ec

才会来加入这一行业JDViNGYzNjY3M2RlMzM=

但是部份年轻人在入行后KjViNGYzNjY3M2RmYzM=

忍受不了过于传统的生活QDViNGYzNjY3M2UxNDE=

要离家合宿受训、要放弃日常的娱乐e01a87c0f538718d860ff9cc504f1930b63d3717

遵守严格的规矩b7d51c7305fbbe7321d9cbbeba5488f1

中途就放弃的舞妓也很常见7fc78834a3ffea6dad355953e7354fd8a0f39185

b4bd87563c444be843a8523f255bf43e

JjViNGYzNjY3M2U4YzY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegqCLZLFljGiwtcui

bd2bf6108b9fe5331b80236267229d200140816e

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbzegqCLZLFljZy9uLGi

传统意义上的艺伎891a9275dd6c9fb831351db251d8a0de

在过去并不被人看作下流KjViNGYzNjY3M2VmZWY=

相反许多家庭还以女儿能走入艺坛为荣MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbzegqCLZLFlkKqxpaWi

这不仅表明这个家庭有较高的文化素质KjViNGYzNjY3M2YyY2Q=

而且有足够的资金能供女儿学艺IzViNGYzNjY3M2Y0Mzc=

JjViNGYzNjY3M2Y1Y2I=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegqCLZLFlkGWwuLGi

e2b423fa2b14a97ff9706e3f054d890d

392a85619f447d027bf6f12098860b3eff790490

能当上一名艺伎也确实不易dc4952acf0e557b97da716a25d4ce0ca7ee88efd

学艺一般从10岁开始8728a1817e44bad3e8bfdb384ef87633dd81078f

要在5年时间内完成从f3a4410570d1c916a86a0f26da391946ad599a89

文化、礼仪、语言、装饰、诗书、琴瑟352dc8f5708f6082a02a267b67b9b3520cb3bc59

直到鞠躬、斟酒等课程MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3eKqxpb2i

从16岁学成可以下海MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3eKu8uLGi

先当“舞子”QDViNGYzNjY3NDg3ZTI=,再转为艺伎20cb309fa41ce46eba537d6774963817ab75fff4

KjViNGYzNjY3NDA1Yjk=

ITViNGYzNjY3NDA3Mjg=

8abb0237b0dc04cd5cd92e8342cbd3df

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3eGe9y8-i

34ff81dec5df07917c4ff4da1d9faf6b163d907a

从事艺伎的女人大多美艳柔情6647506c33275e474303cfe7761b4759,知书达理MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3eZy9pami

犹善歌舞琴瑟7619c22f600d4c64e122470df45d2cca17052ffd

主业是陪客人饮酒作乐c5fc1baba5b346e06763b3e5959c86b662df3247

QDViNGYzNjY3NDExM2Y=

9fbafb965920b2bcf84834d211177ef6

52bf3e686af6f6c209946df72b9ea696

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVYbGHiGW9yKGi

JjViNGYzNjY3NDE3MDc=

从舞伎进阶到艺伎的这段时间QDViNGYzNjY3NDE4NzA=

所有的收入都是要上交给艺伎馆e7e10ae63b5014cba4fcce956534f9a33d5bcfcc

即使成为了正式艺伎ITViNGYzNjY3NDFiNmU=

也只能拿到顾客给的小费ead5eeb7acbd4b1d5f9c9ef0f07cecb4

由于艺伎馆负责艺伎的衣食住行JjViNGYzNjY3NDFlNGM=

和服的花销尤其不菲d06587743c573583301b1afc29e0cb2a

所以直到老板收回了投资成本aef58b83aad06a0ba1c0a66421f1a4cb

艺伎才有机会完全独立谋生MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegqCLZLJ3gKuxk62i

eef078a2f223ae09da5095b0de21d78ff8f1b73c

IzViNGYzNjY3NDI1ODk=

JjViNGYzNjY3NDI2ZjI=

JDViNGYzNjY3NDI4NWE=

在艺伎的世界里a0ffac9fd42b606b6f1df5282e5f63d1f9417539

没有“不”这个词40a25f5ece327063a9ec230a9bb63584647f7aca

对于懂得的客人而言MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3gZyxk72i

在听到艺伎回答了一句“谢谢”之后NWI0ZjM2Njc0MmUwYw==

若再无下文的话JDViNGYzNjY3NDJmODI=

便知道自己被拒绝了e7df5d5803f78f15c34229d9210aca31

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVYbGtfGOx2KGi

4439684b5d453f95fa6ff7441c2baf9e223869b7

d388e3244b4ca66a782f7f2a1b96b5b6

d5213231cd626e30bbe8d2ba78357590

5d66d491a241f3a7345d75dbb85f4933

蔦清小松朝次a6ad0342ef45af5b75c0f2c11aabfd28ec7153db

是东京柳桥的一位年满百岁的现役艺伎8ab84ad06b128e8789057f8d1da775aa8c4be64d

在她满一百岁那年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3hZyxzq2i

曾出了一本关于自己艺伎生涯的回忆录7e0cd74841a0048bd39972e68346b3c1bc620fc2

bee2fb23b2288bb9a846b913044a8ecc

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegqCLZLJ3haC8k6mi

写道有一次她和她的艺伎伙伴们遇到一位来自外乡的客人JjViNGYzNjY3NDhhYjg=,喝了些酒之后便放肆起来3cf82a80317220fa2401ddb12b71e25e717c79ef,一定要看艺伎们露屁股578f05522a7cdaa52978c3f3a04d4d39,尽管客人的要求无理d3bba4f1b8ae2a4ec144c8e88b1da5ea,但艺伎们却依旧高高兴兴地答应下来…然后艺伎们开始关灯MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3n6Cxy8ui,整个榻榻米和室变得一片漆黑之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVYbOHeZ-ysqGi,艺伎们集体喊完“1、2、3”6b6c03b36ff4bc8596e9f7ce5625f027e0488a72,再将灯打开1a12d70a8ee19dedd0514b41b22ad73a50af5a1d,问 “刚才露屁股了c1952113c1ba9d262fd046b89d078b9c5795f757,您看到了吗?”客人无话可说KjViNGYzNjY3NDk3ZDQ=,于是哈哈大笑起来MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVYbOHo5282KGi5da7869e547667d6192cbe49904814e4935ed8b4

NWI0ZjM2Njc0NDNjNA==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVYbJ3iKywsqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbzegqCLZLJ3iGSyqL2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3iGawqLWi

JjViNGYzNjY3NDQ5OWQ=

2909c1bcf9b8fe9c0f66809f0bd3c29f53a28888

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3iZyxy6Wi

艺伎雅而不俗之处MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegqCLZLJ3iZ2828-i

不仅在于它与妓有别MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3iZ-wk7mi

而且在于它的不滥KjViNGYzNjY3NDUwYmU=

大都是熟人或名士引荐ITViNGYzNjY3NDUyMmI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3jKyxk7Gi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVYbKHhaCw2KGi

QDViNGYzNjY3NDU2NzI=

JTViNGYzNjY3NDU3ZGE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3jGewzq2i

艺伎也大多在艺馆待客46dd31b4d0ed4be175ae5dc604172532

但有时也受邀到茶馆酒楼陪客作艺XjViNGYzNjY3NDVjMjQ=

艺伎在从业期内不得结婚ITViNGYzNjY3NDVkOTk=

否则MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQzLCWgqCVYbOHnq2xsqGi,必须先引退6096e0a4b638b0ae55c044dc9c8f6be4ab282a19

以保持艺伎“纯洁”的形象697d283ca27e3e5c699af3272fccd149ace6b5e3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3kKq8k7Wi

261475332171c129606790ecc9c06da7

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9a71fc2ae40b5159553f16764e5cc7f40c8b8861

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艺伎一般过着深居简出的生活a6864b57aec562d3e937f040223878f96b593f55

通常人们在公开场所XjViNGYzNjY3NDZhZDI=

只能见到行色匆匆的从住地赶往茶社MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3kZywy7Gi

或从茶社赶回住地的艺伎8a3378d4a0b39406ccd8e862ad310fef

她们之间形成一个小圈子MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegqCLZLJ3kZ-wpbmi

一般人很难窥探她们的生活IzViNGYzNjY3NDcwODQ=

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如果你行走在京都的街头89ac3988c37a4667a001512b0bbeada7c865f46d

看到有艺伎打扮的姑娘们NWI0ZjM2Njc0N2FhZg==

不要认为她们就是真正的艺伎MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbzegqCLZLJ3m5ywpaWi

真正的艺伎白天忙着练习舞蹈技艺和礼仪cf5c19bb8ce879c044c192999ece98e8

晚上才会出来去“茶室”工作MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbzegqCLZLJ3m569tbmi

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