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牛排的三五七成熟到底是谁翻译的?国外真不这么说

第一次对牛排产生兴趣是在纽约7Ave和36街交汇处的Keens Steakhouse吃到了人生第一顿干式熟成牛排6de305e6dbe2327f5c2f1aa2b5c2ccbcb34a09ba,在牛肉入口的那一刹那我才知道之前吃的那些牛排都是渣9d42dfe8c3100b44c5a1abbedbfc0cb0e3f3d4b3,肥瘦相间又富有弹性的牛肉在咀嚼的时候渗出肉的汁水混着肥油47f4fd28b7be702afea721b3fa031ec9,搭配烤蔬菜和红酒真是好吃到起飞JTViZWQ3NjhmM2E0M2E=,本格真的体会到《中华小当家》里的那种好吃faf8ca5ff46a3a67a57e75af11127eceITViZWQ3NjhmMzljYjE=

2a51a4d9b7891c2638e0022e2a39afbe0a76a9ea

4c7b957b0da335fe27aa6901a1f377f3

▲Keens SteakhouseMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpsaWg32Lq7OKhZ-9yKGi

本格以前在杂志社实习的时候eae90cb48e0f7eff8fde62da038e08acff9622dc,也想学着老外编辑们每天吃点牛油果沙拉做个素食主义者5f500158d5447ff58882fde9196496556e513edd,但每每在夜晚想到Keens Steakhouse流油的牛排6cef8df0840ddff5e8315557c14b46de495ebe15,就能兴奋到不需要女人KjViZWQ3NjhmM2E0OWE=,此时此刻MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfGOyuLWi,我只需要一块肥美的牛肉JjViZWQ3NjhmM2FiNmQ=。什么素食?什么时髦?都没我的肉重要c2fb729eb5642832dd8db6d54f42ac0c74d4054aKjViZWQ3NjhmMzlkMjg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSXgqCanrGto56wzrGi

干式熟成牛排较贵d8f3875b38f6a4692500644146b86e4add3684de,而且北京也没什么出色的干式熟成牛排馆de0dc8b1c5dbc3875c4e17a38a6efe62,所以还不如有时间就在家自己做6712f52141cdf6c88d62fdefc0387f5b460b7498。今天就来简单了解一下牛排的基础知识和烹饪指导JDViZWQ3NjhmM2E0ZmY=,如果你是牛排深度食客请绕道(这篇对你来说太简单)JDViZWQ3NjhmM2FiYjQ=6b01c30f4365ab02a5767b0ba673c91b

牛  肉通常超市那种真空包装的牛肉为“湿式熟成”(Wet Aged)58e72b50cd17972f82815dfbc3d33ce9,也就是在新鲜牛肉排酸处理后直接放入真空包装袋中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfZy8y8ei。而前文提到的“干式熟成”(Dry Aged)则是另一种更高级的牛肉处理方法d008b6a6ace188a86bdba6bd331b7cef80a0e0c7,用干式熟成牛肉做出的牛排肉香更浓更也更嫩5145ed1b95e053dae6b4c2939bf1d833,回味无穷MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpsaWg32Lq72HjGSysqGi,当然也更贵JjViZWQ3NjhmM2FiZWE=f759652da5ba92ead82658a2b6775cb1

QDViZWQ3NjhmMzlkOTQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSXgqCanrGto56ytcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSXgqCanrGto568uL2i

▲湿式熟成3cbd4dc735ceea981a7a6c3567ab8c7dec3ca692

不过贵也是有原因的MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfZy9uLmi。“干式熟成”需要将新鲜牛肉在0-4度MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfGSxk62i,湿度为80%左右通风的特制熟成环境中放置三到四周的时间91fbb0766d75499ae7e3ee623621780b,让牛肉自然分解出酵素XjViZWQ3NjhmM2E1YmY=,在酵素和细菌的作用下1803da0db33208b05a360426000258fb,牛肉逐渐“成熟”d1566c5394e850791041be1c8cf0a184,肉香味更浓NWJlZDc2OGYzYTYwYg==,同时肉质也更软6c4046ac95d7161efac04010e72b95389e31c296795251a314bf2b8d7f3d8cd5

但风干过程中JjViZWQ3NjhmM2E2MjM=,牛肉的外表变硬2520e0174caf89d445993559c4406efc2db8e263,水分丧失XjViZWQ3NjhmM2E2NTQ=,因此一块牛肉熟成后必然重量下降b53755cd56a107d2024ff9128b1d6555,还要剔除干硬不能吃的部分NWJlZDc2OGYzYTY4ZA==,自然也就更贵5fe9fa1a1e0ea91b8b27bc0cbea64de2b1dceec86d8d41763d9e6c99c36578576b0e1594

QDViZWQ3NjhmMzllMmU=

QDViZWQ3NjhmMzllNDY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSXgqCanrGto5-xqKmi

不过我在北京很少见卖熟成牛肉的0f55b15d4c0a8cbd2e0f74a23572f42c440ebd6f,所以大部分情况下还是用普通牛排制作ITViZWQ3NjhmM2FjNWI=。在挑选牛肉的时候可以尽量选择有肉质上有大理石花纹的草饲牛4e0f97a68e9997271681045c4971f16471cf7619,解释一下KjViZWQ3NjhmM2E2ZDU=,大理石花纹就是下图红色肉质上面的白色花纹JTViZWQ3NjhmM2FjNzg=MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSXgqCanrGto5-xy62i

91f86009a2597c374bdb197d1c1182abe01c1a81

8afa70636d31df861f07217a6a36ae705184b47c

f9fad85439da62cfcb38c483b2c9a8ed

什么是大理石花纹?霜降牛肉上这种就是c2b11a4361ef75bf950aa951cc581dc82b21af279a855ecb804ff193af8461bafd875637

如何选牛排2a6b9f47508ae84ff3897f939c95a2c8f3c986e8

牛排的类型是根据牛肉的位置而区分的4f0731a33620d20d8e5890e982962b0f,七七八八加起来得有快十种JDViZWQ3NjhmM2FjYWQ=c08a06032366ef854613359ff808d2abf8d45bf7

386dee8320ac0fdde3fe6cad14a3e1bb

08765a8356c62312bfa13377045ee3cb0e66af00

de69cd469049716cd6e868f5c4743026ec901825

0427c17788e9fa97386f85b56d818779c2c7b4d4

◆  肋眼肉(Ribeye)JTViZWQ3NjhmMzlmOWM=

算最受欢迎的牛排中的前三becba3a7bc6f151edd2f47172bcfe98d3e40fa82,通常取自牛第六至第十二根肋骨的肋间肉JDViZWQ3NjhmM2FjYzU=。肋眼肉肉质细腻且有均匀分布的脂肪422b1f866e2e047780ea3c1ac08f0361,好的肋眼肉应该有非常漂亮的均匀分布的大理石纹IzViZWQ3NjhmM2E3M2U=,最佳烹饪程度为三分熟MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfZ2828uiJDViZWQ3NjhmMzlmYmM=

KjViZWQ3NjhmMzlmZDQ=

IzViZWQ3NjhmMzlmZWM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSXgqCanrGto6C9uL2i

a49da2cd8165bfcd4d35663a72fc52e2

◆  菲力牛排(Fillet)7dbd012edca1157efc9de910609510a0fa0ad58d

听起来非常高大上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfGaxpami,对牛排不了解的人一不小心就会点(错)的牛排品种XjViZWQ3NjhmM2FjZmE=。菲力牛排取自牛里脊肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfGaxy7Gi,肉质细嫩b268ffca60c38b890fd58bdecad8ee1e,最关键的是几乎没有脂肪MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSXgqCanrFlfGaytc-i,也就是说它没有大理石花纹KjViZWQ3NjhmM2FkMTI=XjViZWQ3NjhmM2EwNGE=

519c5b8777648f98295e269fe8f10a7c2d1b433b

NWJlZDc2OGYzYTA3ZQ==

IzViZWQ3NjhmM2EwYTA=

菲力牛排很适合健身人士KjViZWQ3NjhmM2E3Y2I=,三到五分熟都是比较好624bf5af0dcda3c03e55695a392473d1269f92b3。但自己在家煎的时候一定不要煎太久JjViZWQ3NjhmM2E3ZWQ=,否则很容易变柴56ef2993103eba6444ad97aec1ce0c1b,塞牙...b3750ac467e0c13c74ccee9ecd27bac99b4697ae

JTViZWQ3NjhmM2EwZDA=

◆  西冷牛排(Sirloin)3c9453e12f2d8b9da0cb7e120fbafe070d64ff1f

西冷牛排在美国取的是牛后脊肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfGewqLWi,在英国会取牛胸脊肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSXgqCanrFlfGewzqmi,西冷牛排肉质和菲力类似a75a8f7afe85fb2687a60d386d23e0c9,肉质细嫩JjViZWQ3NjhmM2E4NmU=,肥肉较少3893cb3c0304c5bb15969dd07aae48d7。在美国Top Sirloin的价格很贵7276faf55c26bc9deefa7ebc62613f3b,也会单独标注出来NWJlZDc2OGYzYWQ2OA==。西冷牛排和菲力相比要更有嚼劲一些fd0c17162f7f2e2f7ad9d467d72f78d0,三到五分熟比较好JTViZWQ3NjhmM2FkODA=c0e29af8a087429c2f1aadbef613008a

e26dbc62bba103cf68cd4f2763a5339d89547fa2

9f840fb6afe9b9a2e16892ff9f3ee24f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpsaWg32Lq72HfGOwyKGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfKuxuL2i

◆  丁骨牛排(T-bone/Poterhouse)f0f1b8f0d5de458cd15fd737f5de0224

丁骨牛排的一侧为西冷一侧为菲力MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfGe8tb2i,所以点丁骨牛排可以一次尝两种肉0dfc3250076c9fe52c8cea70bc7a5af58e05b9b0,第一次吃牛排可以点丁骨30f020d485595f09ad9acf4bfc20e48c,反正一石二鸟不是?但在家煎丁骨牛排建议出锅后放200度的烤箱里再烤10分钟MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfGe9uLWi,这样可以确保肉质软嫩b02574b2c960541ef21f2fc255b137aac97b1b539e9876855e2f80041ab95adfebc94fb95315facd

b72d7799a4488c061a7e6c0855b93096ed0666a2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfKu8zrmi

1d730568cde9272b58d40234ba547bd34fcc5697

除了这几种牛排外JjViZWQ3NjhmM2E5MTk=,还有Rump, Goose Skirt, Hanger steak 等等MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfGiwuLGi,这里就不细说了QDViZWQ3NjhmM2FkYmY=。总结就是bfd20bc1f1a53099234dede166d1b8c027e6fbdc,喜欢有肥肉的选肋眼825fb321d664101f488f772900585ce975a3ba43,精瘦肉选菲力c545f1a1aa28b166ae93df0ae13dce5d4c865288,要有嚼劲的选西冷b4818bfd7681f4dba968edd18712f4dcXjViZWQ3NjhmM2EyMDI=

02f2baf9ded729eea7e1ce351927f07a15681ccc

几分熟?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfKywuLGi

之前看过知乎上有个非常有名的提问“初次和女生吃牛排JjViZWQ3NjhmM2E5YTA=,女生跟服务员要8分熟牛排要如何缓解尴尬?”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfGi8tbWi,本格对此非常有感触0d3091e36213d2d4a2e185d7336d66b8。小时候第一次吃牛排是去一家俄罗斯人开的咖啡厅NWJlZDc2OGYzYTlkNQ==,点的就是8分熟eada177de9bd5c0d0874144e46c7fac6f79b0785,不对MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpsaWg32Lq72Ho6C8sqGi,貌似是7分?中国人一般喜欢吃熟一些的牛排KjViZWQ3NjhmM2FhM2Q=,但口感也就相对老一些IzViZWQ3NjhmM2FlMTU=。美国吃media rare 的偏多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfZuxpaWi,勉强算三分熟4a963609dc60efebff2e0ce2c30e4b3b9f63c9dbea973b67c5edaa6d013351fe296ea749

7c03170b1f8f5b9e0cf5fe03d4fe9239

IzViZWQ3NjhmM2EyNzg=

3379b92ed0294927495bf1695c9001c343d72921

如果出国吃牛排千万不要再想破脑袋去翻译3分熟了23b582305061d25cd6cf23fc219c5598,点medium 或者 medium rareMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfZ-w272i1a4aa3dbdda1db3edf4255d1a16a326892f519eb

1 分熟= Rare/ Blue RareXjViZWQ3NjhmM2EyYzU=

3 分熟= Medium RareMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpsaWg32Lq72HgZ29oqGi

5 分熟= MediumNWJlZDc2OGYzYTMwMw==

7分熟= Medium Wellfab5a20a5cfdf9d4098709eda51b3602

全熟= Well Doneea397fe3d66e49ec94543e5f09fb1e01b9bbf22d

有的人觉得吃牛排就一定得端个红酒杯搂个妹子e25b594018dbe3ad73245fd0b6fdce267b9c9af1,但你要记住MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpsaWg32Lq72KfGiw2KGi,你是来吃肉的JDViZWQ3NjhmM2FhYzU=,每一口牛肉都是对食欲按摩JjViZWQ3NjhmM2FhZGQ=,要享受每一块牛肉在口中咀嚼品尝牛肉汁水的肥美JjViZWQ3NjhmM2FhZjQ=,吃好肉的满足感绝对大于装逼千倍万倍IzViZWQ3NjhmM2FlNjg=。最后说一句76ecc0541310929f59c67434db4af62b1a5cfbb9,纽约的Peter Luger真是太肥了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfZywtc-i,个人不太喜欢8c9f6223ac03c1a1d16643015fbe5baba321ac167024fea2f1d1cff245c03e3b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfK2xtc-i

ENDMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSXgqCanrFlfK2ypami

5e3d6690f4b1e0111ceafd0f1ee8c48e

df115e7c9615af2dcc5e5023fd44741f83177ec0

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