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牛排的三五七成熟到底是谁翻译的?国外真不这么说

第一次对牛排产生兴趣是在纽约7Ave和36街交汇处的Keens Steakhouse吃到了人生第一顿干式熟成牛排NWJhNmZkYzZjOGU5Ng==,在牛肉入口的那一刹那我才知道之前吃的那些牛排都是渣ee1a664fba68278d938b36c61c888147,肥瘦相间又富有弹性的牛肉在咀嚼的时候渗出肉的汁水混着肥油bb1adda44091a65b3e2a4630871c4b12f69b35dc,搭配烤蔬菜和红酒真是好吃到起飞4304a49e36c6476f91d75077951f91d1afda8be6,本格真的体会到《中华小当家》里的那种好吃e2dec991bffba2829fa039e66de8de58f59a41c1036a342b8ad39b8fddee47d29c7d3841

XjViYTZmZGM2YzhjMjc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn52wy8ui

▲Keens SteakhouseMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn52w26mi

本格以前在杂志社实习的时候b8347d5964f9252370b4c61307a320f6606a9dc0,也想学着老外编辑们每天吃点牛油果沙拉做个素食主义者IzViYTZmZGM2YzhlYzU=,但每每在夜晚想到Keens Steakhouse流油的牛排f6b0cb101d7f06d17a4f9eeeb43d3680,就能兴奋到不需要女人571a1828e1062abe918fd559ab49f89366d865df,此时此刻MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn5-9pb2i,我只需要一块肥美的牛肉0101e1ebc43aa340d167fb82f2e09545。什么素食?什么时髦?都没我的肉重要IzViYTZmZGM2YzkxMTE=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn52w28-i

9746cac9089e03e2abecd523b01fc4ba

干式熟成牛排较贵f049075afb4ef5bd544f217132f8fe9a,而且北京也没什么出色的干式熟成牛排馆MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn5-9tcui,所以还不如有时间就在家自己做f6cab374f074ff529458e2f998153472。今天就来简单了解一下牛排的基础知识和烹饪指导353091269531937c332f1d3015f07ff29a41e55b,如果你是牛排深度食客请绕道(这篇对你来说太简单)aac29e0a80db4b08dbec6e9bdb040635aec95caec85cbb353d733363a29d0c3428c3539c59ce7e7f

牛  肉通常超市那种真空包装的牛肉为“湿式熟成”(Wet Aged)bbbd14782062acb757c95925b3d77c53,也就是在新鲜牛肉排酸处理后直接放入真空包装袋中ITViYTZmZGM2YzkxMmI=。而前文提到的“干式熟成”(Dry Aged)则是另一种更高级的牛肉处理方法df81cacecc8890aee8bbdb82c07de6e5,用干式熟成牛肉做出的牛排肉香更浓更也更嫩09b99e04a0d0d5e66c2a9e26a33795a32b02bae3,回味无穷XjViYTZmZGM2YzhmMjI=,当然也更贵MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72toquwzrGiJDViYTZmZGM2YzhjNTg=

4c870fcb5c80d8ac72dcae4a3a690e3f3495d394

14f630c1541016fe3cd5329c04865371

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn52xy8-i

▲湿式熟成JjViYTZmZGM2YzhjODM=

不过贵也是有原因的QDViYTZmZGM2YzkxM2M=。“干式熟成”需要将新鲜牛肉在0-4度0a62e8f75b194cd99b4095d640f67dcf,湿度为80%左右通风的特制熟成环境中放置三到四周的时间IzViYTZmZGM2YzhmMzI=,让牛肉自然分解出酵素71459a28fdc8057d1c7344054ce799b5cbcae52f,在酵素和细菌的作用下b955adfeb2bf73084ee802414c1f2d43,牛肉逐渐“成熟”b58ebf19d0ff2c07bd2fd243abfed37a,肉香味更浓75ae329a5148bc8a13eb5fa3879da35e,同时肉质也更软IzViYTZmZGM2YzkxNDQ=b2b3a682944777937a030cbe2e4b996d78fc283a

但风干过程中NWJhNmZkYzZjOGY1ZA==,牛肉的外表变硬MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ez73PjbCMm7N6kGWwoqGi,水分丧失MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn6Cxy8ui,因此一块牛肉熟成后必然重量下降e22ded157fd5cf2087f379b1c6dd2763ee9cd8fd,还要剔除干硬不能吃的部分IzViYTZmZGM2YzhmODI=,自然也就更贵MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72toquxpbmiKjViYTZmZGM2YzhjOTM=

QDViYTZmZGM2YzhjOWI=

QDViYTZmZGM2YzhjYTM=

IzViYTZmZGM2YzhjYWI=

不过我在北京很少见卖熟成牛肉的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn6CypbGi,所以大部分情况下还是用普通牛排制作c02637d701265ac197cd0fa2fb437527。在挑选牛肉的时候可以尽量选择有肉质上有大理石花纹的草饲牛a39fa63e2bf0d9bf7fc8d69563a880a6,解释一下IzViYTZmZGM2YzhmOWU=,大理石花纹就是下图红色肉质上面的白色花纹7ea07948528f38b2116c02dc1eb102b7718acf421506df237930ccebd6cff23ff8c21235da27892a

QDViYTZmZGM2YzhjYmU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn528zr2i

613aa9398b2105a4610dd2cfdf3ad2a4

什么是大理石花纹?霜降牛肉上这种就是0b5f7e869344fc3c9c3ba665f53e2effdcdb2a80MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn529pami

如何选牛排MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn529pcui

牛排的类型是根据牛肉的位置而区分的17f1ef00397278bf6167d7eebf4ee0fb2378910a,七七八八加起来得有快十种MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72toquxy8eibe658088b6189ac1ea7335fca67a71d8491edbdb

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn529tcui

NWJhNmZkYzZjOGNmYQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn529zq2i

aa162f16c94cbaedc7463f3f263f9f14

◆  肋眼肉(Ribeye)IzViYTZmZGM2YzhkMTQ=

算最受欢迎的牛排中的前三JTViYTZmZGM2YzhmYWU=,通常取自牛第六至第十二根肋骨的肋间肉eebf29cd058a0308cebf34ef6b8162d3。肋眼肉肉质细腻且有均匀分布的脂肪76dcdede7073b1734e0a5238abfb139e,好的肋眼肉应该有非常漂亮的均匀分布的大理石纹MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn6C8y72i,最佳烹饪程度为三分熟5aa1adf3fb2279e388f68d220ce33829a525fb5fcbcf2b13b37316fdeb17b1e9f01341c6

4048a74dd0a157940eba0da2d6d7b3097389fd5f

b06489a61b1421166c56a3ae3c434693

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn56wzr2i

XjViYTZmZGM2YzhkNDA=

◆  菲力牛排(Fillet)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn56xpami

听起来非常高大上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn6C8zrmi,对牛排不了解的人一不小心就会点(错)的牛排品种d59901d73ae5d547e95392fa0bf792a68ffc605f。菲力牛排取自牛里脊肉b50e21266d34dc5c65b2f7992a3ec846f403ff77,肉质细嫩b741db942cbc4cb85c149efd6a97c458cc6346bc,最关键的是几乎没有脂肪c3c1f3884aaa05b751471b24b39039b40c0fa16e,也就是说它没有大理石花纹MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72toquyqLGiJTViYTZmZGM2YzhkNTA=

NWJhNmZkYzZjOGQ1OQ==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn56xuK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn56xy7Wi

菲力牛排很适合健身人士MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn6C9qL2i,三到五分熟都是比较好MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72toquytbWi。但自己在家煎的时候一定不要煎太久f4349101d2023bbe2b17d7eab0a3adcd93a36b5c,否则很容易变柴ITViYTZmZGM2YzhmZjY=,塞牙...MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn56xzrmi

0bc4da2293ad63181dd580200d02cf3cd7151806

◆  西冷牛排(Sirloin)KjViYTZmZGM2YzhkODQ=

西冷牛排在美国取的是牛后脊肉0bf1a35954bc1ccd9e1dd3cd210882a93194f445,在英国会取牛胸脊肉3bd17edbb5e2d5f17081c006a5459422,西冷牛排肉质和菲力类似IzViYTZmZGM2YzkwMGY=,肉质细嫩03321cf52c68e1add5eaa225de129624,肥肉较少da8be5165c3fea6e0b8a0aaaac6274a0。在美国Top Sirloin的价格很贵XjViYTZmZGM2YzkwMWU=,也会单独标注出来63017018c8caddbc6b868b12519570f2。西冷牛排和菲力相比要更有嚼劲一些2ac988bce2b30ac196700b2346edc54d7affffc1,三到五分熟比较好c49f778dd6093fa44d8356b25acd251d6ff7fb3eKjViYTZmZGM2YzhkOGM=

JTViYTZmZGM2YzhkOTQ=

9e5e7c08d3a884a47e228fd7a0e4073e

JjViYTZmZGM2YzhkYTY=

1c384f063ac30a2350f926d005d89e94

◆  丁骨牛排(T-bone/Poterhouse)MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn568uL2i

丁骨牛排的一侧为西冷一侧为菲力20db162e3eb4e76d2573b634d1f8fdf865a8652a,所以点丁骨牛排可以一次尝两种肉3919691bc1d32094465133fef58b39654bafb41a,第一次吃牛排可以点丁骨59768259d291bbe292026a574b0e4dcf78d028af,反正一石二鸟不是?但在家煎丁骨牛排建议出锅后放200度的烤箱里再烤10分钟ITViYTZmZGM2YzkwNDU=,这样可以确保肉质软嫩6b32da5cb107352298427aab336d7179MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn568y8ui

2adee09d236a0606e47d5afb9e1b8f18

501e8ae1394fdaba040c1a6ccd9380798946c028

QDViYTZmZGM2YzhkZGI=

除了这几种牛排外NWJhNmZkYzZjOTA1MQ==,还有Rump, Goose Skirt, Hanger steak 等等a9cd181d9006118c765105482d1451bc2474f219,这里就不细说了d25b69f80cade66e174324ee684a82c0。总结就是537182cb6bd579a1c39b73c12e14f7b7,喜欢有肥肉的选肋眼3abb36c404134ae510ddc48fe18163e6,精瘦肉选菲力MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72toqqxzqmi,要有嚼劲的选西冷MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72toqu828eid270a8c273c1336fc18e7df3a4ff810f

KjViYTZmZGM2YzhkZWQ=

几分熟?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn569uLmi

之前看过知乎上有个非常有名的提问“初次和女生吃牛排MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ez73PjbCMm7OHeGaxsqGi,女生跟服务员要8分熟牛排要如何缓解尴尬?”d2fbf2c9ca9126e6f69edc8a82cfc080,本格对此非常有感触34326b33e43f2b891d58df538be44fe0。小时候第一次吃牛排是去一家俄罗斯人开的咖啡厅MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72toqqypcei,点的就是8分熟bd63723a866e140e6aeaf5cddf54857b,不对MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72toqqytc-i,貌似是7分?中国人一般喜欢吃熟一些的牛排7db723b3c6e390f7d3d7050c066afbbd,但口感也就相对老一些c0a34aff32c5b28e502822feb772dc30ec1ab079。美国吃media rare 的偏多JjViYTZmZGM2YzkwYjI=,勉强算三分熟IzViYTZmZGM2YzkxZWE=ITViYTZmZGM2YzhkZmQ=

JTViYTZmZGM2YzhlMDU=

05dd6345d3e033e7100c1d0a0f6de81e49811dd9

IzViYTZmZGM2YzhlMTc=

如果出国吃牛排千万不要再想破脑袋去翻译3分熟了693adddbd38c901ed663e073ddb20572348f921b,点medium 或者 medium rareNWJhNmZkYzZjOTFmMw==MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn5-wtc-i

1 分熟= Rare/ Blue RareKjViYTZmZGM2YzhlMjk=

3 分熟= Medium Rare5281f6cf2c5e77c785da116da3c9748ccfcb50bc

5 分熟= Medium8ce0091b4ba11e60197b273730259345

7分熟= Medium WellNWJhNmZkYzZjOGU0Nw==

全熟= Well DoneMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ez73PjbCMm7N6jGO8sqGi

有的人觉得吃牛排就一定得端个红酒杯搂个妹子2808d62c2869f50bb09b2e8b61ea8a29,但你要记住45f147fc13556e3f425e5af0da30553b5ba02fb3,你是来吃肉的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72toqq8k62i,每一口牛肉都是对食欲按摩13e9e34d944e88108172bedfd60bae8ccca93d6a,要享受每一块牛肉在口中咀嚼品尝牛肉汁水的肥美IzViYTZmZGM2YzkwZTQ=,吃好肉的满足感绝对大于装逼千倍万倍f8b3df692b465404dd9753b10fd2dca71e2c0474。最后说一句ITViYTZmZGM2YzkwZWU=,纽约的Peter Luger真是太肥了KjViYTZmZGM2YzkwZjY=,个人不太喜欢00e0a0400fd142c5d3bdc421984673e9MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Ptr3Rjn1_Y72tn5-xtbGi

cf4d7c40632afe5f60f6dec01141028822a3ef09

ENDXjViYTZmZGM2YzhlNmE=

6d059706dce1c10915de8367f43a0272

b072c51de3cade10e51b41f427905f118623ec07

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