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牛排的三五七成熟到底是谁翻译的?国外真不这么说

第一次对牛排产生兴趣是在纽约7Ave和36街交汇处的Keens Steakhouse吃到了人生第一顿干式熟成牛排4af6ea3ace9242962a4491334043e1f7,在牛肉入口的那一刹那我才知道之前吃的那些牛排都是渣MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o52xuK2i,肥瘦相间又富有弹性的牛肉在咀嚼的时候渗出肉的汁水混着肥油9a660d0de64f21be63e29703c9da600961b40d5b,搭配烤蔬菜和红酒真是好吃到起飞QDVjNmQ5YzRjZDljNzQ=,本格真的体会到《中华小当家》里的那种好吃ddb1f5bb8878b09fda9d27202237edca40a849bb25c58939cdaa22390c2eb9578e595ff113ee30f5

e48bd32ff1d7cdf091c1e8a98750d1dd96b65d2d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5uwzrmi

▲Keens SteakhouseXjVjNmQ5YzRjZDlhM2Q=

本格以前在杂志社实习的时候5b6be052a61a6a2096506fcd69d38929f0b896e4,也想学着老外编辑们每天吃点牛油果沙拉做个素食主义者5aeb2be635e1325290e429fad747decb,但每每在夜晚想到Keens Steakhouse流油的牛排MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o52ypb2i,就能兴奋到不需要女人MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SZjbCEm753o52yqLWi,此时此刻ITVjNmQ5YzRjZDljOWQ=,我只需要一块肥美的牛肉9c99329ce7919564b9a346d2954effb849a59c65。什么素食?什么时髦?都没我的肉重要47b44813416d0d780e69505203ed8788449bdbe2MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5uwk7mi

XjVjNmQ5YzRjZDlhNGQ=

干式熟成牛排较贵MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o52yuLmi,而且北京也没什么出色的干式熟成牛排馆59352536a9bbea4adbeb6677110a51f6,所以还不如有时间就在家自己做IzVjNmQ5YzRjZDllZGY=。今天就来简单了解一下牛排的基础知识和烹饪指导MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SZjbCEm753o528uL2i,如果你是牛排深度食客请绕道(这篇对你来说太简单)JjVjNmQ5YzRjZDllZTg=a8b6e3a3c6006d82e4cd4f196bff10a335413cd7

牛  肉通常超市那种真空包装的牛肉为“湿式熟成”(Wet Aged)ITVjNmQ5YzRjZDljYmY=,也就是在新鲜牛肉排酸处理后直接放入真空包装袋中8b004670baf701ee229ab557b3292e40。而前文提到的“干式熟成”(Dry Aged)则是另一种更高级的牛肉处理方法MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o52826Wi,用干式熟成牛肉做出的牛排肉香更浓更也更嫩KjVjNmQ5YzRjZDljZDA=,回味无穷NWM2ZDljNGNkOWNkOA==,当然也更贵MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5-9y8eib636aec1e6be705b0eaf4b2a2f9a4e00a7e03e9e

ITVjNmQ5YzRjZDlhNjU=

JjVjNmQ5YzRjZDlhNmM=

NWM2ZDljNGNkOWE3NA==

▲湿式熟成MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5ux272i

不过贵也是有原因的JDVjNmQ5YzRjZDlmMDY=。“干式熟成”需要将新鲜牛肉在0-4度96539c8fa12c0cfac707fbde73e0ba78cd0e8fcd,湿度为80%左右通风的特制熟成环境中放置三到四周的时间0fa228167942b589e5062c85ddba17294db870b8,让牛肉自然分解出酵素XjVjNmQ5YzRjZDljZjE=,在酵素和细菌的作用下MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7SZjbCEm753o529y62i,牛肉逐渐“成熟”JTVjNmQ5YzRjZDljZmY=,肉香味更浓ed609d1b98156143eb59a749d3b134d3,同时肉质也更软JjVjNmQ5YzRjZDlmMGY=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5uxk7Wi

但风干过程中QDVjNmQ5YzRjZDlkMGQ=,牛肉的外表变硬MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o56wqLmi,水分丧失XjVjNmQ5YzRjZDlkMWQ=,因此一块牛肉熟成后必然重量下降ITVjNmQ5YzRjZDlkMjQ=,还要剔除干硬不能吃的部分JDVjNmQ5YzRjZDlkMmU=,自然也就更贵324cff7247b460a60cbd8e25ce97f843281bb1775109a59f443c4897e346e75578ccc88a

0aa02a91ae122f1b0093bcf032fd3d6d

8de14e9fc1640d0773b2f6adfe75bc9af9d71f90

IzVjNmQ5YzRjZDlhYTQ=

不过我在北京很少见卖熟成牛肉的JTVjNmQ5YzRjZDlkMzU=,所以大部分情况下还是用普通牛排制作d3cca4c561af48ff6a85b4469bbc4575。在挑选牛肉的时候可以尽量选择有肉质上有大理石花纹的草饲牛a197a0fe3b7abe00bbed27a42b510308e886db50,解释一下374b81b3369791aa9ca464cd1bfbd8e4cbed0b7b,大理石花纹就是下图红色肉质上面的白色花纹MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o6CwuL2i82d2c5927dff5c55b04d7dbff7590a50e2d4c8c3

65caa2553e0d71c61d6001a92630b1c8

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5u8y7Wi

2b85700d5a7581f6c0ae465fc29a399a962d1ece

什么是大理石花纹?霜降牛肉上这种就是6f4a265be66a9dcc86036df48430809c0fd4398bf7dab321e773ddabd791ed14504d2afa

如何选牛排e9f6a847cfa6a11425dd577a9772ca605ad19b7b

牛排的类型是根据牛肉的位置而区分的14399863ca4a6bd8c0fc376cddf6cc2590b249da,七七八八加起来得有快十种69fec52ce85f8a144a204cbf6259c2ca890758e9ea188426df5f996b85180defb60b3146

JDVjNmQ5YzRjZDlhZWE=

JTVjNmQ5YzRjZDlhZjM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5u9y7Wi

JDVjNmQ5YzRjZDliMDI=

◆  肋眼肉(Ribeye)a58bb96c4d0457d459b7e0642c78c067

算最受欢迎的牛排中的前三MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQps_Ogn2AnLOKiGSwyKGi,通常取自牛第六至第十二根肋骨的肋间肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o6Cw28ui。肋眼肉肉质细腻且有均匀分布的脂肪a93437211b198a140899b55a678d557916cebd65,好的肋眼肉应该有非常漂亮的均匀分布的大理石纹JDVjNmQ5YzRjZDlkNjk=,最佳烹饪程度为三分熟MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQps_Ogn2AnLOKkGOwyKGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5ywtaWi

411d497b35ab3d2ac287645f1685e9e3

2e7b0a1b961eeb299aa1b33a078090f1c637c01f

28772f53d604d1c25b575332de5c0986b6f7bd0f

ef513968c45fe562c48b198619484bd8ff1ed2c0

◆  菲力牛排(Fillet)5d5ee606149d6e842f872e316e4b78bc

听起来非常高大上IzVjNmQ5YzRjZDlkNzA=,对牛排不了解的人一不小心就会点(错)的牛排品种1e628db9c1aa7243b4f76967cc0985fd9d911bff。菲力牛排取自牛里脊肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o56x26mi,肉质细嫩afd93685ddda076186e191e71456dbe92498e979,最关键的是几乎没有脂肪NWM2ZDljNGNkOWRhMg==,也就是说它没有大理石花纹NWM2ZDljNGNkOWY1Yg==700ea6c307898731f489fe1b495a7f407ddd3482

2673c06e79234a29bd35fa53361da86afa5a134f

d3e4bd6381627f4520e9085da796c42dc662a7bc

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5yxuK2i

菲力牛排很适合健身人士MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o568tbWi,三到五分熟都是比较好NWM2ZDljNGNkOWY2NA==。但自己在家煎的时候一定不要煎太久6d10a81a01e2c341f3f00e3cea8d9be95d0acb2d,否则很容易变柴2105ac1db58ca43bbb2c927e50d4f545,塞牙...60eba7b1717513c489c943904f12eec6

70904eab7a04dfd7646daf9979d038f56fe31c79

◆  西冷牛排(Sirloin)MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5yx27Gi

西冷牛排在美国取的是牛后脊肉IzVjNmQ5YzRjZDlkYzk=,在英国会取牛胸脊肉MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SZjbCEm753o568k6mi,西冷牛排肉质和菲力类似MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQps_Ogn2AnLOKiZ6w2KGi,肉质细嫩MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQps_Ogn2AnLOKiZ69oqGi,肥肉较少107f5fa2e232e9ee9b6939e9a04cf122。在美国Top Sirloin的价格很贵08eceb734013050bd506bfed18f06f4b6a640032,也会单独标注出来MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o6CxzrWi。西冷牛排和菲力相比要更有嚼劲一些89c8374975aeb756cd107b5765bf18fc4b0b7b4b,三到五分熟比较好0bf0fea90af43c1a684364489e07e07c05cab8298dc09d3ec03221e8a1fa4fe4ea564189

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5yypa2i

f22a0b82f387bf12662eaf98613ff05a3445343f

6cdbd4cf09f5515f4df113d8fa7a6f3b

ITVjNmQ5YzRjZDliOWQ=

◆  丁骨牛排(T-bone/Poterhouse)KjVjNmQ5YzRjZDliYTQ=

丁骨牛排的一侧为西冷一侧为菲力a7f0f3226a4bf1baa13af2f034eca9fc79b01182,所以点丁骨牛排可以一次尝两种肉JTVjNmQ5YzRjZDllMDc=,第一次吃牛排可以点丁骨303336c1b35aed781919c132bc739628,反正一石二鸟不是?但在家煎丁骨牛排建议出锅后放200度的烤箱里再烤10分钟9d15e1dadd61f1eeb715f6b389c5e6fccdab501a,这样可以确保肉质软嫩5e69886ac2b2c2f1bd87cd9e87b1f20ace667aa8MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5y8tbmi

ITVjNmQ5YzRjZDliYjY=

2557049598514ab08d9091be59353e3d09b97f5a

IzVjNmQ5YzRjZDliYzY=

除了这几种牛排外e1beceda88ce1aa5abe2443c406a95f9,还有Rump, Goose Skirt, Hanger steak 等等KjVjNmQ5YzRjZDllMmI=,这里就不细说了JDVjNmQ5YzRjZDlmOGE=。总结就是NWM2ZDljNGNkOWUzMw==,喜欢有肥肉的选肋眼987eb16c99603762ff53f2af2777e62fb3e26fe2,精瘦肉选菲力MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5-wk7mi,要有嚼劲的选西冷MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o6CyqK2ie2bd22678448cde4fac46ca190cd19df

JjVjNmQ5YzRjZDliZDQ=

几分熟?5a7f06e9a3f6b8b773ab2c44f888c8b0c27a5c45

之前看过知乎上有个非常有名的提问“初次和女生吃牛排03c52e4aa5faaeb73b7207f849fa9b20,女生跟服务员要8分熟牛排要如何缓解尴尬?”MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQps_Ogn2AnLOKjGSwyKGi,本格对此非常有感触0ce9f909c1f150dc224dad1418c83e1e。小时候第一次吃牛排是去一家俄罗斯人开的咖啡厅341b07d20a0c31d58d4b4ba9135555411bd081df,点的就是8分熟ITVjNmQ5YzRjZDllNjc=,不对JDVjNmQ5YzRjZDllNmU=,貌似是7分?中国人一般喜欢吃熟一些的牛排JDVjNmQ5YzRjZDllNzU=,但口感也就相对老一些QDVjNmQ5YzRjZDlmYTA=。美国吃media rare 的偏多35597ded54d30af6e5e0db5c7a375e5a,勉强算三分熟4b7a52d0533b4ea65bc0d8490c475f50MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5y9qLmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5y9tb2i

b6d9d1fdc4808aa05dc0691f1b420ba8

IzVjNmQ5YzRjZDliZmE=

如果出国吃牛排千万不要再想破脑袋去翻译3分熟了b9ff936c0ec4abe352378147fb193460,点medium 或者 medium rareNWM2ZDljNGNkOWZiNA==MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5y9zq2i

1 分熟= Rare/ Blue Raref25bbf1b76ebe84cd15afbbf40368ae1e59e5704

3 分熟= Medium RareMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o52wpc-i

5 分熟= Mediumd1c1d853b4c99c7620bc1eb8d44e1ab1a1a38958

7分熟= Medium Wellaab5187dd05edb075eb96c6d60d9058985fa5f24

全熟= Well Done5ad1610beaef783d6afe4ee2116b4c384e84a7c9

有的人觉得吃牛排就一定得端个红酒杯搂个妹子MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5-ypcui,但你要记住9568bd78237305632307c5455f1d41ce10b78fbf,你是来吃肉的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o5-ytcei,每一口牛肉都是对食欲按摩1d4f8eaa154a84b70ca9b2ecd5fb4ba0,要享受每一块牛肉在口中咀嚼品尝牛肉汁水的肥美QDVjNmQ5YzRjZDllYWI=,吃好肉的满足感绝对大于装逼千倍万倍e9c6b38101863efb8ff9ba75d85a3a55。最后说一句ad9878512a1d66ed6991b5576c33fc6d,纽约的Peter Luger真是太肥了b047eb8264da79e3a5d8640e9e67e1c1,个人不太喜欢06869faed8e46f67159693fcd733f32897fd6e61d6f217ed2909ad68cf1e76fe

XjVjNmQ5YzRjZDljMzU=

ENDMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SZjbCEm753o52w272i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQps_Ogn2AnLOKhK29yKGi

805cc93d1985f517595ca186724698d9

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