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致命护栏、吸人泳池...夺命设计原来就在你我身边?

象君提醒:本文内容可能会造成您情绪上的不适XjViMmViNzliMzcwMWQ=,请酌情阅读JTViMmViNzliM2E0NDI=JjViMmViNzliMWY2MDQ=

KjViMmViNzliMWY3MjA=

大家好MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtmqqxy6Wi,我是心情很沉重的象君6beeb6bf993f112c328afa146b2de607

不知道大家前两天看新闻时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGKkGexk7Wi

有没有注意到这样一则消息:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGKkGiytbGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGKkZu8zrmi

2月27日MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGtmqux27Wi,武汉一名女孩在公交站等车时731df381df4ecfab2f3cb280189f065d88cd2e71,踩到自己的行李箱后滑倒323036038732e57aaa7ba32974935371e19bd6a2,脖子卡在了背后护栏的间隙中0297b57af3e8a041397c44a456c4cf7b,当场窒息身亡ITViMmViNzliM2E1NTU=e08dff5ab7b2a2a220524aaa3956481f

3033b1d23ef70c77755abc6c01383071

3346420ccc10d5599126d7cc48ee2f92

事故还原图示MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGKkaCwy7Wi

0bc9cc842ceb4d26d067175460113e45fe8c85d2

a511c949d6f0fdd57ab8fd55f5f15d41

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdeKyx28ui

案发现场(图片来源:现代快报)JTViMmViNzliMjA0NjQ=

ITViMmViNzliMjA1N2M=

年轻的生命就这么说没就没了QDViMmViNzliMjA2OTk=

真的让人非常痛心、惋惜624838b8121e227964442e5d438a8e13

听说女孩还有半年就研究生毕业了MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-QuayXg417qrF3m6C82KGi

为了离家近一些XjViMmViNzliMzc2YTg=,好照顾妈妈MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGdeGiwtbWi

还放弃了武汉近20万年薪的工作MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdeZuwzq2i

哎......72c27ded2bc2dd84a303b53a916d501d

因为护栏问题而酿成的悲剧MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGdeZ2xtcei

已经不是第一起1fcd80ec0f55b91c27d34e69f9526e21

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-QuayXg417qrF6jGiwyKGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdeaC8uL2i

a0059ac818c74aa0183e4b127367cb93ba7d6c11

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-QuayXg417qrGHfZ-82KGi

JDViMmViNzliMjEzZTM=

d90123f619d6d0101de33a716bd48dd9

在呼吁围观群众及时援助的同时2efe3a0fb60ba3a99487ccb167ce5a8457e65570

7f14742b207ebe8256a0f4bbaf7d01820f23ea56

不少网友也对护栏设计提出了质疑JTViMmViNzliMjE4NWU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdfGe8tami

IzViMmViNzliMjFhOTk=

45836572d11f36e2c97d02b0567743fd48836e23

f75c7d88bb829ae91617e83c60e25240

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdfZ6wqKmi

JjViMmViNzliMjFlZjg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdfaCwk7Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdgKqxtbmi

QDViMmViNzliMjIyNDA=

“杀人护栏”两个栏杆之间的间距与凹槽MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGdgKyypbGi

恰好可以卡住一个人的脖子XjViMmViNzliMjI0N2E=

而造成脑部供血不足MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGdgGO8zrmi

持续40-50秒人的意识就会出现模糊KjViMmViNzliMjI2YTY=

五六分钟就会造成脑死亡NWIyZWI3OWIyMjdjOA==

7fec8f386b507996c08f689c4354b3dd

在设计上确实存在着缺陷ITViMmViNzliMjJhMDA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-QuayXg417qrGgfGOyoqGi

JDViMmViNzliMjJjM2Y=

244f58004c387ad4333ba2e810e9252244097fc4

为什么不合理的公共设施依然存在?8f5edb649aea7eabbc601f0181f55a7475a24189

就目前的相关条例来看ITViMmViNzliMjJmOGM=

城市行人护栏并没有明确的间距标准JjViMmViNzliMjMwYjY=

造成很多护栏在设计时只考虑了便携与美观NWIyZWI3OWIyMzIwYQ==

期待未来相关机构能够完善这块内容29f2d91b3e7338083e775e13081c5562

保障更多人的出行安全ec3ecb327d2dbddc09057060fd6460ee15bcc9b2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdhGOyuLmi

除此之外MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtmmW9uLmi,生活中不乏因为设计缺陷而导致悲剧发生的事件3b914c5e94fd52f90da6f640f7d78577,比如说——JjViMmViNzliMjM2OTM=

f833c79b539c3164fd14f2b01d23ec7f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdhGa9y7Gi

宜家“夺命柜”62ba4b61bb18d52298ea02a046b60c78

a79729430f07c246d9bca0e8baf41667

早在2014年9ee720cd1ab5e5044174e5324881a857b381681b,美国一位两岁男孩库伦·克拉斯MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdhZyxpbmi

被倒下的宜家马尔姆六屉柜压在床上死亡d014a5d72b0bd0a1f45ebab200a98ae8211bba37

其母亲对宜家发起诉讼edefb80b3158da281dba94873541d8a0c1594310

她认为这一柜子具有“缺陷性和危险性设计”343277af44a1e2cc674e9e1774849f6796097161

此后9ae4aa7efbe0cb87ddbbafaeb59d74d4,高于60厘米的宜家儿童衣柜83ccc4cddb455d2e807b36f0449fce2a

在美国被要求停用MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdiKq9pami

0dec9925b4d56f8433ebf4a0eb2ae874

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdiKy9zq2i

d50cd602aa8eca6ea0d950bf92e1c0a3

所下图所示MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdiGSwzq2i

如果柜子没有被正确固定在墙壁上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdiGWxpaWi

即使是刚学会走路的孩子MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGdiGaxtbWi

也能将柜子轻易翻倒026d3ef0ea4c7f35eadb99c61a0c4af6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdiGiypbmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdiZuyuKmi

a652ce04124b33dba1bf74d543edb482

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGdiZ28k62i

2016年宜家在美国、1d65f21971f8f2a6a988fde605a3348a1879ead6

加拿大召回了3560万个马尔姆抽屉柜MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdiZ-9y72i

2017年底又召回了1730万个066ac9027fbcbfc29f196aedc57767a2

截至目前类似事故已造成8名儿童死亡b038072bf570eb7e2ad3affedd982302

“马尔姆”抽屉柜未在中国下架JDViMmViNzliMjUzMTU=

官方回应称产品符合中国国家规定IzViMmViNzliMjU0MmM=

另外b00f797cd6b0be43e6c97fbec0c191069114f256,宜家通过启动“牢牢固定”活动MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGdjGOxzrmi

免费给顾客提供约束装置1a9ba5bf34393c19f8a4d971610ca082da3d119f,以期消除安全隐患MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGdjGSypbGi

JDViMmViNzliMjU3NmY=

JDViMmViNzliMjU4ODU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdjGe828ui

736feb85e0b236bb1ef5548cd2916573

象君提醒:抽屉柜选购需谨慎59edd551d1595dba75428d72514f9a61d25368d4,最好能将其固定在墙上137216e14b4319f72dbe256b14836b4950dd998d,杜绝事故发生MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrFlfGSyuL2i5a9f23debe742319d161110c8083c2fc417d0dbf

987dc628399dc28a8d37a07fa9902a096a5cb6f3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-QuayXg417qrKKiK29sqGi

万能插座隐患MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdjZ-xtbWi

ffd1cd33b98173d8a52a856af92a3c1d11db3f8e

NWIyZWI3OWIyNjE2OA==

除了马尔姆抽屉柜存在安全隐患JjViMmViNzliMjYyODQ=

左边这种不符合国家标准的三孔插座c361bcc04715a6a9b60d30aa2815aefd

同样威胁着家庭成员的安全8bd6b625cf9e8e9c962b766a5292c46a

7cb43dab755c792c5783a644f66004b1

cfda58f23093b4d93443597f9fa37aef46722785

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdkGawtb2i

be8eda1bc8fdf214e7c6f50aadfdf296

b01e4f3c1ec803e6a5b892594a931a51

因为这种三孔插座在设计时f4e2e5813f6bce3f2f02e91c09ec5604

为了兼容两插或三插的国外插头MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGdkZyxzqmi

把插孔设计得很大51a337ef316cf5f073d6505278d4a0d4ac5ec421,容易引起触电事故JTViMmViNzliMjZkNGY=

而且插座接片与电器插头接触面积过小ba18059ca91512f62193f13a182b2af7

容易使插片过热而导致火灾发生64743aa14ad99a34aa003153da78642ffcb7dbdb

JTViMmViNzliMjcwOTE=

IzViMmViNzliMjcxYWE=

QDViMmViNzliMjcyYmM=

图片来源:现代快报QDViMmViNzliMjczY2Y=

IzViMmViNzliMjc0ZTE=

这种三孔“万能插座”XjViMmViNzliMjc1ZjM=

国家在2010年就开始已禁止使用41d39c1417ad0c2d12b0851d250c42fca5689430

但是目前仍有些不法商家还在生产销售MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdmmaxpb2i

新国标要求:MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdmmextc-i

生产两极和三极插孔分开组合形式的插座13f0961648fad58e9989819da9daeb3807433b95

俗称新五孔插座8f22946e635320db61fa853b58f08689

JjViMmViNzliMjdjNmU=

014b11baaef541bbec8449d99456b649

07ccb37173f7c0783ef85a9e4c1abc88

三孔vs五孔插座(图片来源:现代快报)e3219fb9f12a7828c02a78fedf71c8e37236f7d1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdm6C9y62i

五孔这种插座的插头与插座的接触面积更大ITViMmViNzliMjgxZTA=

接触更紧密JDViMmViNzliMzgxOGI=,降低了触电隐患QDViMmViNzliMjgyZjI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGdnq2w27Wi

ITViMmViNzliMjg1MTU=

KjViMmViNzliMjg2Mjc=

bb207499be06d9e97829568fbc949ed3

象君提醒:购买排插插座时NWIyZWI3OWIzODJhOQ==,一定要拒绝“三孔万能插座”498db12ef9bf1ef6f0fd8aad8c86416a,选择符合国家新标准的安全插座哦MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-QuayXg417q72HkZy9oqGif8e439969a1a8a8923b82c2b2a6d739e

JDViMmViNzliMjg5NjI=

dc9b3f83a70d3f6acddc81a30eddddb78bac71e1

泳池“吃人黑洞”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdn5u8y8ei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGdn5y828-i

这几天魔都天气跟过山车似的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdn529qLGi

20多度的气温让象君感到了夏天的气息MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdn569uL2i

身边很多人都开始准备今年的游泳计划了JDViMmViNzliMjhmZDU=

说到泳池设计中的安全隐患QDViMmViNzliMjkwZTk=

相信不少站友都看过下面这些新闻JjViMmViNzliMjkyMDk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGdoqyxqK2i

478f2c97d38248021cb90dbfc990ff6b

IzViMmViNzliMjk1NDA=

bc2dddb0fdae83c35d8f982ad3b2ea36bc5692a0

6da97e1b3dfa6054d02cd67160009ea5

为什么游泳池的排水口会吸人呢?ITViMmViNzliMjk4N2I=

主要是因为为了循环用水并保持干净ad1b225b7f642088253a635ef4e51b08c50e75a9

一般都会进行水循环96c397b1fa85ccd32e0b2fef46af622c

常见的循环设计模式有:逆循环和顺循环XjViMmViNzliMjliYjc=

如图所示MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGtnq29zr2i,逆循环模式中227732ba1e0184dd36584e2b8068358187573831

注水口在池底a47b04c4e9e68e3a0c2f061956056a81,从下往上注水ITViMmViNzliMjlkZTE=

这种模式的泳池池底不会吸人c15588a093754d29b7b0ba3d4442eea8

85ecc57e8458874798665254c856db42

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGgfKqxtbmi

87143f04f3fd260f75a91e1a82b8663bff5a311a

图片来源:好奇实验室MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGgfKyxk62i

1316b3802b918652c3d5dcffdb8a4416cc6a18fd

而顺循环模式中KjViMmViNzliMmE1Nzc=

泳池的排水口在底部JjViMmViNzliMmE2OGU=

一旦排水口外部的防护罩网破损或脱落f4ff2ca852c9f609d29e1fdc38aa12df

JjViMmViNzliMmE4YzA=

附近的游泳者就有可能被吸住MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGgfGiwpa2i

414be7ef7537a3d4084d64943b07b737

273d3d4988776a1a74295f3777a2242d

图片来源:好奇实验室QDViMmViNzliMmFkMGM=

为了一求真伪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGgfZ6xqLWi

“都市快报”旗下调查类视频栏目f1461021a832f4f11fae85af0a61bb447c168c47

——《好奇实验室》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGgfaCxk6mi

还为此做过真人实测53dc2681ddea46d9030b9f87344dfce86e7a12de

在只有一个排水口的顺循环泳池中JTViMmViNzliMmIyN2E=

把手臂慢慢靠近QDViMmViNzliMmIzOGU=

突然的吸力就把手臂吸进了排水口MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-QuayXg417qr2dhZ6xsqGi

bd4f0676ebdf6c294b6e50b0121e287e13631fb8

死死卡住0e2c4a658c298db4187707952887aa1b

NWIyZWI3OWIyYjdlOA==

8d0e908cd09ca6b6a01cce5de8af46b3457326de

482f7c4ec0964cc6262a70cf0a7f39a4

工作人员立即关掉水泵8fe0fd41e0638018b448f9670c326721

实验员才得以把手拔出来JjViMmViNzliMmJjNDU=

04024bc163354d1094b70ca785e1175e

ITViMmViNzliMmJlNjk=

562fe199b9d9b27d64cb59447df61c63

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGggaC828ui

实测过程大家可以观看视频:IzViMmViNzliMmMxYWE=

3da289662a6f058befa89e32c36dfdf20e3b841e

59e8079cc7777195b175a36771b4a0858a458736

视频链接801b1ba0b87290332d4bc3dc1c0c2272

目前社会上很多公共泳池JTViMmViNzliMmM1Zjc=

从自身利益角度出发2a715fc3f04080782b0f95806a12f325b4c40f77

选择的都是顺循环模式(节省投资、方便维护)cc5566b5c0071015ad46cb8dae01b965

IzViMmViNzliMmM5M2M=

象君提醒:为了自己的生命安全1a4a23f955a13c6cb76f6ceb87add0260c381acc,夏天游泳时12d7854184bace43c6526e77d08a3caff99b93bc,一定要选择正规c21a5323d5586f5c5998faf65ddbe6e7e728d823,且安全设施齐全的游泳馆!MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgd-QuayXg417qr2tomexoqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGghZuytb2i

b106b2cb6ec3eb1e463e5cd61f4187ecf30f8c88

出租车显示屏隐患MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGghZ28zqmi

QDViMmViNzliMmNlOWI=

出门去游泳c48ed5b4ee3a8019da3d899c915ac543,相信不少站友都会选择打的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGghZ-9qLGi

不知道大家乘坐的出租车后座9d4585e0209fcbdce0d6f0af36a36233390588de

有没有安装这样的液晶显示屏JDViMmViNzliMmQxZGE=

aa0371488ce28c375426e9a8d6aaea7a

JDViMmViNzliMmQzZmU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGgiGOwk72i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGgiGSxtami

a911ed7dcadfe6763526a0220cf6d2e8d8ff9998

有人会说了9dcda14753edf42108b5bb6942d5707b29848069,装上显示屏不挺好的嘛ITViMmViNzliMmQ4NTc=

无聊时看看屏幕里播放的节目3339a50ae9a68531b46a89e96ec68f49

还可以打发时间b6c1b49c100d37e5ab211fd65d074a9c,这点确实没错NWIyZWI3OWIyZGE3Zg==

但如果不幸发生车祸c74dd0ef6636e90e727db361ab208fc0bfb37902

而后排乘客又没有系安全带的话aa81aac38e0e204560deeffe0f326e6d

这块硬硬的显示屏就可能成为“杀手”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGgiZ29taWi

存在着不小的安全隐患81e1c2db47a3efbe36ac0fbb74b42c70614a2e5a

0b804650b3c9a474f83588f3d7779ad9

90f6681abd19952de44ac894b7ffaed6

078709b7b9598d94ccc91b79ea7efd91c5357671

c9076377c5700ada3d63ac5038124ce6

801a22c18f815d6e2ff946f59ce1f571

“解放日报”曾经报道:MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGgjGOxzqmi

多名网友反映QDViMmViNzliMzhkN2Q=,曾在司机急刹或追尾时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGgjGSxk7mi

自己的头、脸部撞在了液晶屏幕上MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGgjGWyqLmi

768193c42498b42357ffbbd5de44d2ca

磕断门牙、撞出鼻血甚至鼻梁撞断7368235a576948e58532dfcab45c1f128cf69b83

4780b0a7427e62f845301edc5cb240fe

346a42633796ac9e5ec17b64dc86b291c0128bd6

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGgjZy9zrWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGgjZ6wtb2i

不知道你们城市里的出租车后座上QDViMmViNzliMmVlZjg=

还装有液晶显示屏吗?反正魔都还是有的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGgjaCw28-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGgkKqxqK2i

象君提醒:行车坐车ce423017d89990fbb5761d6fc906c39e,都请系好安全带c0a2e0e17249644be0345b2f4a079939e7ef410a2b1e9713d387d34af9532296a9c159d4

bcbc1789a788c27de10124cddc927047

XjViMmViNzliMmY0NzE=

815577ae8e49f9c2fcb6d20418a9c489f7908ed3

爆炸玻璃杯MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGgkGS827mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGgkGW9tbGi

提起会爆炸的玻璃杯cb929741c64dfea4f6e888f8db7ca68112c2cf35

大家估计第一时间会想到宜家5d9059625c7cddac80c327b9830e9ac92a20b7e7

曾连续几年爆出杯子爆炸的新闻7b2455f92e8e2edc58276c5998a2860e

2017年北京王女士喝常温水时c21bd8cf376ef0b73385e88be961d3bac854cf37

使用的宜家水杯突然爆裂ab0d47ea85842eab312ac94f87a7387b

致其当场昏迷JDViMmViNzliMmZlM2U=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGgkZ-ypami

当时她用的是宜家斯黛纳玻璃杯KjViMmViNzliMzAwNWY=

ITViMmViNzliMzAxNzE=

37199cfa04feaa17e269790760c9f7c3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGteKy8272i

XjViMmViNzliMzA0YTc=

2016年北京吴先生在家中a4f9940e8e44aaa407642511edaabcd3d4c5f2b4

往常用的玻璃杯中倒入凉白开XjViMmViNzliMzA2ZDA=

半夜时杯子却突然爆裂189320a7beda0dc6c1db0dd240e1f7c097799798

158440c3d92bf154706703ce073594e0

而爆裂的杯子正是宜家的博克尔4492da48a3caa2a5ff390f4cd68b4118

aa46e60f0c3e46fbead5700bda2c65d9084b850d

NWIyZWI3OWIzMGM1OQ==

eaa4036762c36c7b7fc149de06b5102a4033a71f

QDViMmViNzliMzBlODM=

这两款杯子都是由钢化玻璃制成7acbab857ea8f659f9793d98ce8c3bbf3505a417

据中国玻璃网介绍32340364fec49b84edecf981f5310675c5ae4e17

钢化玻璃在无外部直接作用的情况下发生破碎MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtfKq9uLmi

起因可分为两种:f5aa19085f50c8d6f7071fec0850486d

  一是由玻璃中可见缺陷引起的ITViMmViNzliMzEzZjU=

如结石、砂粒、气泡、夹杂物、缺口等;e303f37e0ae22d44d789cab09da4d96c

  二是由玻璃中硫化镍杂质膨胀引起的JjViMmViNzliMzE2MTg=

IzViMmViNzliMzE3MmI=

c65af4a006eb03b21f7cb6d5025690861851e8d1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtfGeypbmi

2ea744a9f4781978d8f8552cc9b5f750

不管怎样8843567602d8c4a0ad36fe577ac00663,发生爆炸与产品质量不无关系MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtfZu8y62i

据不完全了解MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtfZy827Wi

大部分厂家的钢化玻璃产品存在2-5‰的自爆率0e3a57b6d7af3001e161352e0aa3cb61

36b3eb2dde85d5e006f66026b1c073ebd549c2df

象君提醒:购买杯子时MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtn6C9y6mi,请谨慎选择钢化玻璃材质6cb8a2f44e05dbef1936f96873d220abKjViMmViNzliMzFmY2M=

JjViMmViNzliMzIwZTQ=

上面这些设计隐患NWIyZWI3OWIzOTFkYQ==,可能导致日常生活中发生事故MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrFlfZuwpbGi。而象君下面要讲的QDViMmViNzliMzkyZWI=,就真的是因为设计缺陷而引发的人间惨剧了ITViMmViNzliM2FiZWE=9f144f01062d4472d5074e7a1293a08f1be91c26

IzViMmViNzliMzIzMTQ=

XjViMmViNzliMzI0MmU=

首尔百货大楼坍塌KjViMmViNzliMzI1NDE=

a7b0e09376c67f759f6def43cc5fd72f

1995年6月29日5252327656637c70651ec70f9bd1146e

韩国首尔三丰百货商场发生坍塌事故37b9ddd431931131f6c472613cfb84698a1e5a0c

20秒内MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtoq2wzrWi,5层百货大楼层层塌陷进地下4层内MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGtgGe828ei

事故共造成502人死亡MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGtomOxpb2i,937人受伤JDViMmViNzliMzJhYWQ=

是世界建筑自行倒塌、伤亡极其惨重的事故之一73f5adff8f4812d11312a5fc6216a3128c3155ee

01c89da450fd0e2d586858cd24bc0cff293f52d2

3bcd89e6578d9e845a5493f850dbc9fd

a4684598f762f2b579645e9decb6a24305be83a2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtgaCwk7mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGthKqxtcei

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGthKuxy8-i

三丰百货店坍塌前后对比KjViMmViNzliMzMzNTI=

事后调查显示ITViMmViNzliMzM0Njc=

大楼最初的设计是建设成一栋4层办公楼b95fad0679db35b9c17f9d5c1d9319cb

但是三丰集团在建设工程中JDViMmViNzliMzM2OTg=

将其重新设计成一栋百货大楼02d5a4deafb27b2fc620d938cf4960af

这一改动MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtomSxuK2i,导致很多承重柱被取消e65e2b0b8812534c4de56448ab54d593

腾出空间来安装自动扶梯9f5fe21bef46e12a9f5ad4b749f87b0c6de1d9d8

JDViMmViNzliMzNhZjI=

f0000b701174e244bc978c7ed6f4b171944b417d

6ba6caf51a261aff24e3b7658d8c4b515cf47494

IzViMmViNzliMzNlMzk=

XjViMmViNzliMzNmNTE=

f9b79abb073fc03a802201d5281cdadf

变瘦的柱子不是大楼坍塌的唯一致命伤5f257e2ad1c7e0c72bce67834e31046d

大楼的超重负荷也酿成了最后的悲剧b362ffaaa78017739f9dfaa1ac657afe

原本大楼只拿到了4层建筑物的许可NWIyZWI3OWIzNDNhYQ==

但是却加了第5层楼面367425b6400f4f08010d727650cd1916,多了8家餐馆MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGtiK29uLWi

967bb8bebab109e9a40b5d55b53365f4

足足多了3千吨的混凝土MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtomaypcei,却没有强化支柱QDViMmViNzliMzQ2ZTU=

e1a9f0bd94a1a04a9422471faa35c7ab4ee49257

IzViMmViNzliMzQ5MTQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGtiGixtb2i

NWIyZWI3OWIzNGI0MA==

另外JTViMmViNzliMzk5Njk=,整幢大楼的空调设备a71c93cd2a1f2911f6a575e19ed00541

都被安装在了楼顶之上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtiZ2ytbWi

由于居民对冷气机噪音的抱怨MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGtiZ68tbWi

大楼后部所有冷气机都被移到了前部872cd02952d1a19977ba96bec3db9bab

NWIyZWI3OWIzNTBhMA==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtjKq9ta2i

JDViMmViNzliMzUyY2E=

转移时e67a3ec0d3f63abe31517d9eab541d9f23e1648b

所有设备都是直接利用滑轮被推拽到位的MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtjGOwy72i

冷气机经过的地方XjViMmViNzliMzlhN2E=,到处是裂痕2e43aa30ef36d4a457248b424e690c5f

使整个楼顶结构大受损伤IzViMmViNzliMzU3Mjc=

这也是压垮大楼的最后一个稻草0205dcd54168df2a306b6ceb1a93bd53

JjViMmViNzliMzU5NTQ=

9abb86befd5a10f907b2bad979bfaed2

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtjZu8tcui

38b7c0195769bb88c17203905711af53c496a26b

这些原因交织在一起8ad85e9192f93d7b2d1632ee9e248bb5

导致了最后悲剧的发生MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtjZ69tbGi

QDViMmViNzliMzVmYzU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtkKqwpcei

e294a829a7a47518014b2693079547b9

KjViMmViNzliMzYzMDI=

作为设计类自媒体IzViMmViNzliMzliOTI=,看着这些或多或少因设计缺陷而酿成的悲剧7cdf680ca3a7ba367f85ddf52db7695d7ecd8e76,象君内心五味杂陈MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrFlfZ2w26mi。身为设计师804cf90e593d06f421750e8196a5093237f8e96d,有时候因为甲方、金主的原因bc7d2ba460b1e4176427d3213950afe5,常常身不由己KjViMmViNzliM2FlMWQ=。但象君相信ffd399c78f4ba4a0737dbce0da4c1422,我们跟某些昧着良心赚亏心钱的商人不一样JDViMmViNzliM2FmMzY=XjViMmViNzliMzY0MWQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtkGOxuLmi

做得越多越深入MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Dz7nNgrCemrFlfKqwy8ui,就越觉得设计对于生活的重要性IzViMmViNzliM2IwNDc=。它不仅承担着让世间变美的责任JjViMmViNzliM2EyMTE=,更担当着让生活变得更好的重担MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrFlgKqypc-i。为着这样的坚持和信仰XjViMmViNzliM2EzMjQ=,与各位设计师共勉!ebaca5dc14c878240c3c8bb1989ead796b73f636

ITViMmViNzliMzY3NjE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGtkGa8tbGi

- END -MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Dz7nNgrCemrGtkGe8zq2i

KjViMmViNzliMzZhOWM=

 ▶ 编辑  你的路哥 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGtkZu9qLmi

 ▶ 图片  网络 JTViMmViNzliMzZjZDA=

IzViMmViNzliMzZkZTI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Dz7nNgrCemrGtkZ-wy7Gi

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