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还在喝自酿葡萄酒?小心瞎眼睛

值班编辑丨翔宇喵7d9ca982b78eba99fbe447d27a093054c32b9c08

本格作为朋友圈里资深葡萄酒装逼KjViNGQ0OGJiYjkwMGU=,常被朋友们拉着鉴定各种酒的真伪优劣81da9898d283d42849de21487a860a102d066a89。别看我一说起葡萄酒头头是道QDViNGQ0OGJiYjkxMmQ=,但是喝的好酒数量远远不如各位闷声大发财的土豪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbSUg318mr2ghZ6wy7mi。我每开一瓶好酒都恨不得洋洋洒洒写上一篇抒情散文赞美一下332a629acf589ae63bbe76f47be5b1e1bc70a251,而土豪可能就只在小本本上划一笔正字0307237971dbd6fe90704416f5615e49。然而装逼多了MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQprSYjaN8mrOHgGe9sqGi,总有回响MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQprSYjaN8mrOHhZywoqGi,我最怕朋友问我三个问题:MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbSUg318mr2djZ2xzrmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQprSYjaN8mrKKiGiwoqGi

·  有什么80块以下的好酒推荐几款?96402ada7a633eacfef6badb1c4b4843143ef065

·  抱歉9fa81e3c43ac37c367865c4ba1c3b78b,真没有MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQprSYjaN8mr1lkGS8yKGia649c3cd5fca7fdb8b38181731e4b426e73b243b

·  为什么我觉着葡萄酒喝上去都一个味儿?d5e4a515377b0845235f1fbf81c86020

·  抱歉MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbSUg318mr2domS9uLWi,您的舌头感官以及人体构造这方面在我的知识盲区8d7895933386cbe4e1c42f902508d8ff65ed6d6b07323dc5a860f1440c0eeaf9f212668f

·  我老舅/老姨/三姑自酿的葡萄酒可好喝了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbSUg318mr2domawqLGi,你来   尝尝点评点评MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQprSYjaN8mrKdgaCw2KGi

·  不了不了0bc97cf2d261629f3962090c38d10749ITViNGQ0OGJiYjY0ZDk=

c0bf205820641703ebb958fd87a79148

本格平生最抗拒喝自酿葡萄酒a70115dc01870827ddd034f4b678ff9f87294fdf,也常劝身边的朋友不要喝IzViNGQ0OGJiYjlhMTA=,喝这个还不如喝点品质一般的地区餐酒JDViNGQ0OGJiYmQzNzg=。喝劣质餐酒顶多也就口感不行MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbSUg318mr2do5uxta2i,而喝自酿葡萄酒可是要命啊MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQprSYjaN8mr53hZy9yKGiJjViNGQ0OGJiYjY3MGU=

053a3ac5e2f448e01f20a0655e50ad9c

a58455413d4a002ef410770c7fb8e73d

f5ac73c140976cef6b778ad566e527f4da5759cd

咱先看看自酿葡萄酒都是什么一个流程:194325d0387d34bf9190b5c4e04a658fe9ec9f90

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbSUg318mr2dkZy8zrmi

aa92c153577fb58f4b3de178bf063252

XjViNGQ0OGJiYjZlYzg=

不看不知道MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-EqbSUg318mr2do5yx27Gi,一看吓一跳ae8ef4b1e3ff6ea9ddda525e1bf2682a5dde389d,本格必须逐个吐槽一番MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbSUg318mr2giGO8k7miJjViNGQ0OGJiYjZmZTE=

0f20bb0a3e84b880eda81d71d4f7987b

◆  吃的水果葡萄也能酿酒?9bfe7f45fa0ce79b955f44e6f69361cb38d2d652

到了夏天a8dd1c44e32063fbe5cdd4d7176c9d342b32c7b3,满大街都是乒乓球一般的巨峰葡萄0453e1fa5fa628b101002e5368b3b2cd,这种葡萄皮儿薄个儿大16ac10f5234128c65f05979828564e1ca982f76d,味儿甜汁水足ffc7994ab90ced9473b1a9f61809cbd8c6d7acb2,买回去吃还行MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbSUg318mr2gfKywpbmi,想要酿酒怕是不太行2b9ab53dfa4ff73269fedf914704abd797ee839b。问题还就在皮薄汁水多这个特性上b324b08b80d8805a839f35257f12552dadcf0425,葡萄酒中的酒精就是从葡萄中的糖分转化而来565178bb4e77cb3dd444a640a19a9a5a427698ec,汁水太多的葡萄会降低总体含糖量975dc9b2c8c4acb6987667df825d9a15,所以自酿葡萄酒总会加大量的糖JTViNGQ0OGJiYmE3NDQ=,但是往往控制不好糖量a444be4e689f7ae8dc81cdbbc43e18c5,导致酒精含量过高e5cb1faa3eb394e112b4f5ea2f33968b,甚至能飙至五十几度QDViNGQ0OGJiYmFhOGE=,喝一口就升仙了d428bf84f500df653920619332b4b491MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbSUg318mr2dmqyxuKmi

5d4f136464d143a0efc4561ce67ff69b091c9eff

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQprSYjaN8mrKtiGix2KGi

而能使葡萄酒有醇厚口感的单宁则来自于果皮和葡萄籽中MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbSUg318mr2gfZu8k7Wi,太薄的果皮单宁含量不足fb63e61b382b1d94f6b482ea8f3f95a46e5b1581。所以酿造葡萄酒的葡萄大多皮厚汁少个头小d4b6cc9443e3379621c8bb53dd2570c80a4b8d63,比如黑皮诺cf627d763304ffa4620945433f2bf6fb,霞多丽a183a24541ff60b55544305c25851e94281be604c02b939939cc8d71ba33f2e73ae734e7

7077df7e6b6c7cf0e393f464e63cf128daf02f87

ITViNGQ0OGJiYjc4Yzc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbSUg318mr2dmmiwqKmi

▲左:巨峰 右:黑皮诺b0155631a9dcdf98caabeb6519d84489

全世界葡萄品种大概有一万至两万种48abefb92bf7c9f3768d3cafca733adf,其中能酿酒的品种只有300多种QDViNGQ0OGJiYmIwMWU=,能酿制上好的葡萄酒的也就区区几十种NWI0ZDQ4YmJiYjEzYg==,而你家楼下的巨峰、夏黑、玫瑰香都不在此列MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-EqbSUg318mr2giZuwy8ei051fb581938986c20cb7060032ef4f04

JTViNGQ0OGJiYjdkMzc=

◆  葡萄要不要清洗?5a6f2335643f127f08765c72c058c3465fc7322c

不洗!想不到吧ITViNGQ0OGJiYmIyNTM=,用来酿酒的葡萄通常不洗就开干了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbSUg318mr2giZyw272i。葡萄汁发酵需要酵母菌39bf5a21a0fca4d7fd8c54ab9f04b490。酵母菌种类繁多QDViNGQ0OGJiYmIzNzE=,不同菌种能产生不同的香气e17f3019869a74067843e48a0576ac26,咱装逼用的词汇什么黑醋栗的香气、坚果的香气、蓝色莓果的香气就是从这儿来的50b1412da387fff4de0386df4df1caa60740fb05。葡萄皮上有天然的菌种MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQprSYjaN8mr2diZ69yKGi,要是洗了eca69c3da721bc55d49472e13cd84d11a2d19aea,哪还有什么香气MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-EqbSUg318mr2giZ-x26WiXjViNGQ0OGJiYjdmNmQ=

所以用于酿酒的葡萄d61434f981f525dea56ff231c36b031f,对它的农药控制非常严格797841db0c295cb96e210bf2265066f31081011c,大部分会在春天喷洒5b3478e2b570082430f424d98be22243,临近采摘时则禁止喷药NWI0ZDQ4YmJiZTA1OA==。而我们吃的水果葡萄b55af738b4ebeca9a0959d8f19c03cea9f79f5d2,对农药喷洒没有那么严格MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-EqbSUg318mr2ggZyxk62i,果皮上经常会有农药残余JDViNGQ0OGJiYmUxNjc=。做自酿葡萄酒的人们买回葡萄后JTViNGQ0OGJiYmJkNmM=,以为用开水烫一下就能杀菌去农药残余QDViNGQ0OGJiYmJlODY=,实在太天真a8b8b8a9b53bb7e17b91a533956d6c86a360d79a41c59b2c6ab62293a7b2d07039c4a412a7cf3fbc

65673c5841b036701a27f8440d4e1d988698edc4

9c0aacb05148b275d763519381e5ae8fd4fdafae

ebdab82a5a90b7d557179d9b4acebe1f75886ed2

◆  喝多了瞎眼睛4555397d764098f7e539174a72b5c1aa5175009b

自酿葡萄酒往往不会做农药检测e26c78ff539d38955452656739fafdf65d4b8514,也不会做有害微生物超标检测f8bc1ac07ec9c8b1f2339de15aa8495cc797fc2b,也没法在家控制发酵的温度546535ad1d020a410d4e1ac6e9b15785fb68f73d,这就导致了葡萄发酵中会产生甲醇、杂醇油、挥发酸ca9b5cf2e7ae60cf7e63fc218834053a。发酵出有害微生物让你喝了拉肚子都还是小事a2c75781596b6293513444d818a49b0d,如果发酵出大量甲醇NWI0ZDQ4YmJiYzQwYQ==,你就等着戴个墨镜去天桥上拉《二泉映月》吧MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-EqbSUg318mr2gjK28262i。另外不受温控的密封发酵等于在家做自制炸弹MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbSUg318mr2ghGOxqLmi,想想都刺激4dd9d65ff7e67a027129d2cc77077e0a33429d387f7c52a7afc570066194635b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-EqbSUg318mr2dnmWxqLWi

f91bfd65acc557db44bee8f8709a02cda983fa5b

JjViNGQ0OGJiYjg5NTY=

本格想说22bc452677dbf9e8cb617bc228de69a9,想做自酿葡萄酒没那么容易MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQprSYjaN8mr2tkGex2KGi,酒厂里面的生产环境、工业设备、对发酵过程的控制、产品检验制度等等这些MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-EqbSUg318mr2ghGayuL2i,都是家庭小作坊不具备的8049963ad58f1b86aea11c0d4848b23e84747e58,所以想喝葡萄酒咱还是去正规途径购买QDViNGQ0OGJiYmNhYTY=,实在想发挥动手能力048cd6d2bb8b41c73731e174aeaafead10658ddf,就在家腌点酸菜得了NWI0ZDQ4YmJiZTZiOQ==4fc1144e05d50db3c6353c2cb7537135

d1ed1a42afdc5f4e8ca23a42bfd6bd8b1bacfbf9

ENDMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-EqbSUg318mr2dn5y9qLmi

JjViNGQ0OGJiYjhkZDU=

5f0aaf51ee04ee17330faf941a2e4715

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