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你知道身在曹营心在汉说的是三国里的谁吗?

第十二期:假如你是徐庶457322173b97c0952833de59841efd05

7092124eb7d3a767186aac8c7184dd1c3eb6a25e

b7bc1b6b58fc61d31bd3013954df99c5

59be57c5611741daf25a938447d83b21

“身在曹营心在汉”大家一定都听过MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6iGOytb2i,这句话说的就是徐庶MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHgZyw28ei。徐庶转投曹营MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6iGS8zrmi,还和他的母亲有关ebd29c10665212938cb5ae557cf2c39cbf00e7bd0eb1d055002bd800e6c7ab3f8768b220

67b4e48954f264d07f9536b1f96c97c9

古话说MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6iGW9qL2i,忠孝不能两全MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHgZ6x262i。《三国演义》里d1edcd9076525caaa299bf860587eb80,徐庶的设定就是一个大孝子JTViNzUxODMxMTJmNzE=。曹操也正是利用他的孝心6607bd0cf34fec9ffb443f279e974a25,控制了他的母亲MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6iZuw27mi,通过程昱伪造的一封家书QDViNzUxODMxMGRjMjQ=,以母亲的性命相威胁MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6iZ2xy8ui,把他从刘备那儿骗到了自己帐下f0a8f22c5c967e77a731dea52083f9ab。离别之际JDViNzUxODMxMGRlNTg=,徐庶上演了颇具戏剧性的“走马荐诸葛”103058a90ba1139d15e2e24112e924f338b6d5167f4f518ee6ac576c7dbcbbcf

JjViNzUxODMxMDk3OGI=

20bcfabcd940b9e7ad471f04cc15c614

29552e9334d3432439419709ad2cd08b

▲《三国演义》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF3omi9tbmi

614a4260b41d24b9abc002ac1418f0b7

虽然徐庶是迫不得已dd9de85209daebf7e78572d639cf43e2,但徐母对儿子的做法还是很失望945e8a380333ce174d017b9641a79a4437f60dd0,毕竟她是一个敢拿砚台砸曹操的刚烈女性8f6e90fa8b08aef7bbc6efb82a45b9637340139e,知道忠孝不能两全MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6jKu9uLmi,不怕牺牲自己的性命ITViNzUxODMxMTMyYzA=。结果MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6jK2wqL2i,儿子却中计弃明投暗10328c6b39655acb7caa4b9128cd06a9,她气得大骂其愚钝ccf13181d53407eb781dd4d9d90ccf646d78f755,最终自缢MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHhK2wpbmi5b7f638e6051fc55c1fc65ff1ae7d262

不过这毕竟是历史演义IzViNzUxODMxMGU3NDE=,《三国志》对这段故事的记载就不太一样了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHhGOwuLmiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-E3Ljcg3p_qbF3o56w26mi

从《诸葛亮传》看dc4ee1b92e4a7ac930497b6d2ec141153e39efc9,曹操俘获徐母1a9bb0975aa7489c722a263dd82b2c51,徐庶转投曹营MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6jGi827mi,是在长坂之战7c3f0b8946c8974e2687dfe3bbeda170f362d787,发生在徐庶引荐诸葛JDViNzUxODMxMGVjY2U=,刘备三顾茅庐之后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHhGSw28uiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-E3Ljcg3p_qbF3o5-xpa2i

941f26869e45096cd2ec8cf11a265fc62850b2fc

建安十三年(208)QDViNzUxODMxMGVkZTU=,曹操被任命为丞相5214975af902b9a1c13af7fec65bb2c1。七月间1d7edb9670149c0c3e446a8e607a9684,曹操南征刘表5312c4192b539e9cfd4b23ba68487156d5ef362b。八月JjViNzUxODMxMGYwMWI=,刘表病死MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6kKqxuL2i,他偏爱的小儿子刘琮接替父亲驻守襄阳JTViNzUxODMxMGYyNTc=,刘备驻守樊城c970148c59a22b73a4367152678e4b4118581736。九月345344e4c54633d539d233cee45ede07,曹操率兵抵达新野县NWI3NTE4MzEwZjQ5ZA==,刘琮听说曹操来征KjViNzUxODMxMGY1Yjk=,派使者请降0171bafee60453bc032415633544a727d389586d80892e44f5aff7757bda89c0

NWI3NTE4MzEwYTI1NQ==

刘备没想到曹操军队突然攻袭JjViNzUxODMxMGY2ZDU=,待曹军攻到宛城时才得知这一消息cd653208b8da2c0f629923ebc9fffe6a,于是率领军马撤出樊城92716f790ce4fabec9cdd527d5e00b69,这其中就有诸葛亮和徐庶58e596eda4ea0b01ed4687fc55c77477IzViNzUxODMxMGEzNjk=

XjViNzUxODMxMGE0N2E=

路过襄阳时ccd11cf0317fbb5581b718b2e8cdbcbe342bc6ef,诸葛亮劝他进攻刘琮夺得荆州MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZmEtqiYgbB3qbFlgaCwyKGi。刘备不忍心8da8b126b462b704e4303ef6788dbcc44858373c,停马招呼刘琮6df5812746a771f0c1f238ed190f6e4b45d0501a,刘琮“惧不能起”a91c8d97b991b7e623b9999227f6b46b8e1bf8e7,于是荆州很多人归附了刘备QDViNzUxODMxMTNkZWU=26eef2434047430421255916bbe4715cdbeeb633

78e9e247ae6c057dd5337f664415728f2b4218fa

到了当阳县a24cfe85a295ac19814fd2af98c7350f,追随他的人就有十多万db31574ac228fc69db7cde0dbc16f5419f2ac7f2,粮草物资更是装了几千车b456c2cf46c4b68d38b84de6694ca87e0d3c5db8,每天只能行进十几里b2bbff93ae5cf8422eddf875d8272308c783fd76,于是他另派关羽乘船数百艘MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHeKyxpa2i,约定在江陵会合MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHhZ-w262i5205eeb25d40429ac1efb3aaa8bb0992

当时有人劝他:“宜速行保江陵138473ecc5b416e66fa23113fe99ff9e7f138c31,今虽拥大众a4e17565b474731e417ef8688c77091b,被甲者少JTViNzUxODMxMTA2NmY=,若曹公兵至MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHeGW8y7Gi,何以拒之?”刘备回答:“夫济大事必以人为本MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHeGa9pbmi,今人归吾bb63462611eff79399ae04a5375d849d0ae37b35,吾何忍弃去!”a928ee2be93b4bd9936aa41ca7952e0d

反观曹操那边ITViNzUxODMxMTBhZTg=,他考虑到江陵有军用物资MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHeZywzrWi,惟恐刘备抢先ITViNzUxODMxMTBkMWU=,就放弃辎重IzViNzUxODMxMTBlNDI=,轻军赶到襄阳09b6a512f27c86c60d5adccd86050ab5。听说刘备已经离开4f959cb5bcd1f7d4bfbff7d2dad15e6402ce2d8b,又亲自率精骑五千急追fdbec621fe18df6221db26649d32435c,一日一夜行进三百余里JDViNzUxODMxMTQxNDA=MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZmEtqiYgbB3qL2HoquwoqGi

0ff8ba75f2ec9a4e80e43127f6f52f34

到了当阳长坂NWI3NTE4MzExMTFhYw==,刘备被曹军追破QDViNzUxODMxMTEyYzY=,曹操夺取了大批人马辎重MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHfK2wqK2i,也包括徐母37ca0706bc66d9d7be4d634e8b0ea244JjViNzUxODMxMGFjMDg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZmEtqiYgbB3qL2KhGO9sqGi

7d18d114edc9f56dd0c03e67ba07eefc3cc4d7bd

947d9fd126b06b0b1e4aac3bc3f4f8b85c470694

3bfa6578ebe4070964f09779d3eef43630e4d50b

在这种情况下IzViNzUxODMxMTE1MGE=,徐庶指着自己的心对刘备说:“本欲与将军共图霸之业者986ebba03f0e4e6a02a9bd97a816d627d53fb9ac,以此方寸之地也309f769d43cd3126ec50eb5610e12ebd。今已失老母70ec9c53e011e41ab663b7ce0462b647,方寸乱矣NWI3NTE4MzExMTg1Mg==,无益于事JDViNzUxODMxMTE5Njc=,请从此别MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHiK28zqmi。”KjViNzUxODMxMGIxNjM=

ITViNzUxODMxMGIyNzQ=

就这样NWI3NTE4MzExMWE4MA==,他去了曹操那里c6340a93bbf01d7bceb6b5d3475eec52ebe0e8b950a01dd95827a0f336e291c6

这时候刘备的形势的确不太妙QDViNzUxODMxMTQ2Y2Y=。长坂战败c994b0d3bcbc267116f85ac90d00469020ec0392,他只能丢下妻儿48edebb98b3cae0f271fc0643e3a5827,与诸葛亮、张飞、赵云等数十人乘马逃亡MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHiGawtbGiXjViNzUxODMxMGI0OWQ=

28d15a6ff31c49ccb4306efb0ba0c9a3

所幸813a516a3684f2b5dc23015833b208f9,刘备抄近路奔赴汉津3b5634015327b69c035afce2fb63d1e7,遇到了关羽的船队MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHfaCwqKmi,得以渡过沔水81e93ad63e21df3ee7a4c77e26c77559,半道又遇到刘表长子江夏太守刘琦所率的万余人马MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZmEtqiYgbB3qbGdfK2xyKGi,大家一起逃到了夏口NWI3NTE4MzExNDkwOQ==XjViNzUxODMxMGI2YzE=

NWI3NTE4MzEwYjdkNg==

这才有了后来火烧赤壁的故事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHiGixqLWi7135cb228369703f7b6247bab8d8e94877d4ea21

c7391066025a1d72ef330adb64b23d2c

QDViNzUxODMxMGJiMjU=

IzViNzUxODMxMGJjM2M=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6gZ2xk7mi

ce5e1f90ed1a886a95e3d085fd170b3d

▲《一骑当千》之火烧赤壁4987ad48e08ac77062c4050fb14836447bc3e1b4

5becaf6f741cc5f3089b8e2cda5735fe

徐庶到后来就没怎么讲到了MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHiZuxzq2i。只是裴松之引《魏略》说MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHgKyxpcui,到黄初中db4db65326070c746221e771c74ee849,也就是文帝曹丕执政时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbGHgGOx26mi,徐庶官至右中郎将、御史中丞081f057d53fcd76eca9e4bc75356322e863cbc868fad5fe39afd12d5e100a7f2

5e97b54f31191c677083bf60ef60287a1050c703

不过诸葛亮貌似觉得徐庶这个官阶有些屈才2ef3be86993457e8e93aa3d24c7567aa,他感慨道:“魏殊多士邪!何彼二人(指一同北上的徐庶和石韬)不见用乎?”0680a0c541f80708495a545df56a4bad

JTViNzUxODMxMGM0ZDI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6hGSwtbWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6hGWwzq2i

你觉得徐庶当时的选择是对的么?如果你是徐庶a7ac26b3beece34f5a8600accdcf99cd,你会怎么做?7a3a332747ba16268ea6233af1ef85588a0ea395

1、 追随刘备de9f7b7b49efa4ad039dea6b683d9625,想别的办法救母亲34672120ceb12397fe8e1c804942a86e

2、 为母亲转投曹营b6bdd49d0cae4872af5f006ad5ee829f,但不献一计1439564d043462d9b4093199c2d449ebaffbf6a2

3、 先救母亲82f6164df7fbf18bb778f3fc443c20de,然后再观望形势MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6hZuypbGi

4、 直接为曹操效力fff3715eed8a8e95fe906d5913ea745bb58c4342

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZmEtqiYgbB3qL1lhZ2xyKGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6hZ69qL2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6hZ-9zrmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6iKqwuL2i

THE ENDMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-E3Ljcg3p_qbF6iKuw28ui

df5862859dbede8bfee86a96914f6ab5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZmEtqiYgbB3qL53hGawoqGi

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