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你对《三国演义》最大的误解,可能就是打仗=单挑

武将单挑是一种特别吸引人的作战模式MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmq29zrmi。关羽温酒斩华雄JjVjNmQ4YzFiZTcyNTg=,西门吹雪与叶孤城决战紫禁之巅MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqyxtc-i,欧阳锋和洪七公华山论剑QDVjNmQ4YzFiZTcyNjg=,都充满了一股个人英雄主义的气质IzVjNmQ4YzFiZTc0MGQ=c60b91f6c3ed275d539f37a14285980d

 0f07ea42846f18aecddbe7ec09829638a609a896

可古代打仗32f9b26683b0d8548206b427408cff8e,真的像《三国演义》和武侠小说里一样ITVjNmQ4YzFiZTcyNzc=,特别流行一对一单挑么?仗这么打60239844c71ff430165fde82803a70d2a70ea145,好像不太科学啊MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgY18nbKtiKuwoqGi。真正的古代战争会是这么简单吗?戳视频NWM2ZDhjMWJlNzI4OQ==,视知TV给你答案af6861daccf9411a22f262402402ccaca38f4de09c79bef23162bb5df5026bb18559d885

91230f5f09cf5b71de6ffb7b799f60b7e88d750b

· 温馨提示 ·JDVjNmQ4YzFiZTZmZGY=

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版eb24efdb3b0f1cc26009b5fd7fd21999b18d9ca3MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HkaC9taWi

c0d80ccf00be6a58faaeeb26b200b24921e8eb97

e00dd1ef5953472d602b8027a6dec23f

视频链接MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HkaC9y8ei

这里是文字版470278aba04dc08533aa88a718ff31f9bebb3fe3

JjVjNmQ4YzFiZTcwMGQ=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HmqqwqLmi

IzVjNmQ4YzFiZTcwMWM=

传说中的单挑行为b6225f4cef9d6dc9c1425b9b157e02ba07901ace,最常见的时代是春秋时期NWM2ZDhjMWJlNzQzNA==。那会儿打仗比较讲规矩JjVjNmQ4YzFiZTc0M2M=7009381b24444dfe29f7c8637cdee6698668710e

ee91b56a04009db378d7db0af2afe165

《周礼》里面记载:“古者将战NWM2ZDhjMWJlNzI5Yg==,先使勇力之士犯敌焉58274481ba919878388d3e69724a83ed3c021f62。”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqqw27mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqqwk7Wi

双方在开打之前MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HmqyyuLGi,要先派出一员猛将兄MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqy8tbWi,这人的主要任务是去打砸抢掠IzVjNmQ4YzFiZTcyYjI=,先声夺人IzVjNmQ4YzFiZTcyYjk=,最好全身而退63baec81ec9349f51aca53b8b3404188,让士兵们觉得敌人没出息5410ff303c8a899ed3ca961ed7a065ab,产生打赢的信心591ca44bc162322a14501a3f30c6e901c3ef3417MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HmqqxpbWi

85eb47fbeaa752e0ef14e09bc14d2d00d4262caf

这个行为当时叫“致师”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HmmOxqL2ia9a13e3f0a76e9bdeb4409d005d9f93c1aa6d98b

b4a0996e717dbb4dfa8b2da7a7b3b793849f56c9

1053b9ca9345991337284a48b1aa124a50abcdc7

d452e2a3b5f5160a3dba8456645e7ec6

▲ 讲究致师的春秋时期b25930d04a98d35a6f4f7e2a7fc52b0c87e9fa96

当时打仗的主力是少数贵族MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqy8k6mi,平民和奴隶充当士兵2314da6c197e8ca5d0316be6c5dfdf0d4bdc6c07,这些萌新主要作用是显人多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqy9pcui,所以贵族的单挑就尤其重要bfb2fe34d6c0a8fa5d1d0f8600c389a5223c700131852952dcc913392a8d071e64310619

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HmqqyqKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqqyta2i

不过既然都是贵族JDVjNmQ4YzFiZTcyZTg=,说起来可能都是亲戚80c8a685776dd1f2608cac4c3bbc63668149d2bf,打仗也就特别五讲四美5da141287b0a1609fd9d502769b8836584d8c9279ba95353f92e721e4db6013ea99ef40c

 JjVjNmQ4YzFiZTcwYWE=

比如公元前597年楚国和晋国打仗0506b907f6260260684f4689bfde94ab,楚国的猛将跑去把晋国军队打了一顿MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqy9y8ei,回去的路上还送给追兵一头鹿作为礼物MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqy9zrmi,晋国追兵收了礼物说8b80df12aa25cb0faa94730458540c0286620a2c,不愧是贵族JTVjNmQ4YzFiZTczMTQ=,讲究IzVjNmQ4YzFiZTczMWI=,不追了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HmmOxy7Wi2b534491b6852f152de3a40a4a191f6d

 MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqq8y7mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgY18nbKteZy9sqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqq827mi

2ee6776d732adc3412785a1c5adf3eba

▲ 和谐相处的战争839302b30998a956681f6f91533060b5

 NWM2ZDhjMWJlNzBlNA==

到了战国时期MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmq2wuLGi,都是亲戚的老贵族衰落了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmq2wy7Gi,新上位的人就不这么讲规矩NWM2ZDhjMWJlNzQ3Yg==。同时由于长期战争03a1e7823b9492950d5931869d75ab5b,职业化的常备军也越来越多a1dcf9fe9f252e7d2575ee68d914abc9,猛将出来单挑很容易被一拥而上整死MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmq2wk7Gi,单挑的流行度就下降了不少JDVjNmQ4YzFiZTc0ODU=668a2a2cb0ac2a08635c85ff905a3e744a24fd40

 686e886c4529e6d330603dcb89fdfda3

虽然我们印象中的武将单挑大多来自《三国演义》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmq2xpbmi,但实际上历史中这时候武将单挑的记录非常少MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HmmOypb2iXjVjNmQ4YzFiZTcwZmY=

XjVjNmQ4YzFiZTcxMDg=

决定战争胜败的ITVjNmQ4YzFiZTczNTY=,主要是调动军队的技术IzVjNmQ4YzFiZTczNWU=,动员人口和粮食等战争资源的能力6c7d74a523bbd37c224ac87c8ebd78e779fce9c0889391ac33e02a5b3dff5ad4897637732338d854

e8a94a709b6b6595a3c2a2f243bea755c268d49a

e08d7127de7a8832b260aa1ef6431b36

2edd282f097b860b43d07118c09b396ec4823d9b

ed21d1be53e60e5165b4a7830107130be55fceeb

▲单挑盛行的《三国演义》JTVjNmQ4YzFiZTcxM2Q=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmquwk7mi

唐末五代是单挑爱好者的另一个黄金时代MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HmmOytcuiITVjNmQ4YzFiZTcxNGI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgY18nbKtfGO9sqGi

这段时间骑兵的战术战法成熟020b3759300bbd1585ea07db6516595b,凭借高速度高防护e5ea90b911aeda3c8fc0ba943f27077d,少数精锐骑兵改变战场局势的能力大大增强XjVjNmQ4YzFiZTc0YTg=。因此对率领骑兵的武将而言d7cdd9f4970208613a9a8b47861013bf,个人勇猛特别重要204f730e1214e4227e8ef26f497d3289MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmquxtbmi

6060fc67a649ae832198e7cf7d55d27126c85948

双方猛将相遇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmq2xk6mi,只能不认怂cd5e35dd01a0ee15da9e1d0009f3c62ccf41f21e,就是干NWM2ZDhjMWJlNzRiYg==KjVjNmQ4YzFiZTcxNzI=

a6729d78bd421dc65dc1ca41ef4603be5d067573

e7995cda2ae4f5ac58a220b98e93a66ee90d485f

0ef873a61a9d30c442e68c18739f695b

65e1feb520499f96c624bfc5e97221fc

▲唐末五代时期也很“单挑”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HmquytaWi

 IzVjNmQ4YzFiZTcxYTA=

另一方面JjVjNmQ4YzFiZTczOTU=,军阀割据混战JTVjNmQ4YzFiZTczOWM=,长期处于互相看不顺眼又弄不死对方的尴尬局面MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmq2yuLWi,有时候就只能靠单挑打破僵局0ebee1de65e9fa4e15989ec5eac754caa462ec9d38ae4cae969bf1c3e6c2af7a055af747990506d3

3273903baffb2953e40f6bdab8173c77

五代前晋和燕国打仗时MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgY18nbKthZuxyKGi,还出现过武将单挑9dfa9f497188d18d613867cc7c0e80f8859c8a53,两边士兵放下兵器吃瓜这样毫无职业道德的惨案3a6e722b928a6789c674ebba5efa17dc1affb934。五代之后JjVjNmQ4YzFiZTczYmE=,单挑战术就再也没有兴盛过了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HmmO8k62iMDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqu8y62i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqu8y8-i

说了这么多JDVjNmQ4YzFiZTczYzM=,其实武将单挑在历史上都是特殊时期特殊情况MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmq2827Wi,大多数时候MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgY18nbKthZ29yKGi,打仗靠的还是军队的整体实力IzVjNmQ4YzFiZTczZGQ=,以及调动和使用军队的技术XjVjNmQ4YzFiZTc0ZDg=XjVjNmQ4YzFiZTcxYzg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqu828-i

万军之中取上将首级不是没有MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmq29qLmi,但更多是文学作品的夸张演绎甚至神话JTVjNmQ4YzFiZTc0ZGY=JjVjNmQ4YzFiZTcxZDk=

44edddf94aebe58d788cb97db689654637854fb4

最后一次著名的武将决斗XjVjNmQ4YzFiZTczZWI=,据视知TV所知be5e67cd3006ff0550b1944a0a5b3c91,可能是李云龙单挑楚云飞3dc415dedc788eff8eb8587314b82a3b810f2f2049f50a9d033f02a2a1804106472241e8

QDVjNmQ4YzFiZTcxZjY=

87c7e53ab52173ae4a5e1a0cb98380e7

ITVjNmQ4YzFiZTcyMDQ=

ITVjNmQ4YzFiZTcyMGI=

df516e96c4a53ef986b5e8a49c925550

0d8c5e441ef71d974ae1d89f43c5f5f94bae3f83

▼互动话题MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6HmqywuK2i

如果回到古代战场9e026c72bf0ec0e5c9e94f9ed5906b5c,你最想单挑谁?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqywy62i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbB4mr6Hmqywy8-i

KjVjNmQ4YzFiZTcyMzY=

8adc40ca4ba4eea49f2e0f455e8b0c07

NWM2ZDhjMWJlNzI0NQ==

4635a9a7c76fed22ac55742253b8b3fd

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