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你对《三国演义》最大的误解,可能就是打仗=单挑

武将单挑是一种特别吸引人的作战模式JTViZWQ2NGI1NDhlM2Y=。关羽温酒斩华雄269301e9c3c34a4c372f2f87357d0c2e,西门吹雪与叶孤城决战紫禁之巅90abc2e57a2d36cfacbb868230922ac4,欧阳锋和洪七公华山论剑0c908a5401a8d0928cf9b9e19ef88b2575bef184,都充满了一股个人英雄主义的气质JDViZWQ2NGI1NDhlNTc=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3m6C9tc-i

 a53689ae42c3cd8893432df7630a6aa8

可古代打仗MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmiwpaWi,真的像《三国演义》和武侠小说里一样d31ffa549be0e40c714a4046f8347384d450b47a,特别流行一对一单挑么?仗这么打MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmiw26Wi,好像不太科学啊0bd015f5164d2fd3c77dfcf8dce6301cc5090af5。真正的古代战争会是这么简单吗?戳视频6906b14f4fee414753759cfabc3749b5778e73ee,视知TV给你答案MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaCHYbN6jGax2KGib4d3f7e5b12be699251aafa457ccffc7

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3nqqxuLmi

· 温馨提示 ·QDViZWQ2NGI1NDgwOTc=

没有Wi-Fi的同学可以移步下方观看文字版XjViZWQ2NGI1NDhlYTQ=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSWgn17YrJ3nqqyuKmi

61294059732a8f6727e2c9add622c182258df57f

aa7a3af3a602c3d886a71677299bdee3

视频链接QDViZWQ2NGI1NDgwZmM=

这里是文字版ff129c91a5e20b76899c79f8505547c72e5f6a41

ec82325fb4fac053e51b1d38f89bbccc

KjViZWQ2NGI1NDgxNGY=

afaade7048470b2e4a82312031eb053f

传说中的单挑行为5277017b39e08445798805ed4884018d14f29e07,最常见的时代是春秋时期KjViZWQ2NGI1NDhlYmM=。那会儿打仗比较讲规矩JDViZWQ2NGI1NDhlZDQ=19762d0b582ffa6ed1b999b04f2f8319bd8a766a

4d415dae39ae9982b794cb1a120824ef

《周礼》里面记载:“古者将战8c8c663df67392cef06b329625f09286,先使勇力之士犯敌焉3c362cd1566cc79e7d36d7d80c761c72。”NWJlZDY0YjU0ODFiMw==

ITViZWQ2NGI1NDgxY2M=

双方在开打之前MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaCHYbN3o5uxsqGi,要先派出一员猛将兄ae878dc238a31afaac773e3799179e36,这人的主要任务是去打砸抢掠1ec1e0691ba8c03cd2e9ff14ceffd1c9,先声夺人0ccd6b66a9d794765d99899f6597af13,最好全身而退MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3n5uwtbmi,让士兵们觉得敌人没出息295268de0e2a22ad375164009d9f00c4,产生打赢的信心b90a0995fa466cb4ab660adff7cd4bb149cdcb5ca8a3cdc05bba43feebec9e5bfb392cbc

8adc5d55fc4d028c94ff5a19d8cdedcc

这个行为当时叫“致师”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3n6Cwpb2i9833d2208bad10daee743bb645eb9a7b

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3nqyw26Wi

ITViZWQ2NGI1NDgyNjI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3nqyxy7mi

▲ 讲究致师的春秋时期62cebc812b55c61aba7588f667bbbc3ca6caace8

当时打仗的主力是少数贵族9d4c95e85d0fc97dc72c79b255740aaf,平民和奴隶充当士兵4d7d6b3f2a3069527f99aac3df25a7b4,这些萌新主要作用是显人多2f9cbab4604b74e5839439fe4f32fa0a09d355d9,所以贵族的单挑就尤其重要6aafd9ab6a5c93a3dc4001d7bf5dc52670f89ea9MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaCHYbN3gGi9sqGi

363ab07caf5426e68d2279eccf0e954c

5c144b6b29062834f0d8095c3051738704afef7c

不过既然都是贵族MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3n5uyqK2i,说起来可能都是亲戚MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3n5u8tbGi,打仗也就特别五讲四美QDViZWQ2NGI1NDhmNTA=70c4265059ad76f066065c783dbf8a34

 ITViZWQ2NGI1NDgzMWQ=

比如公元前597年楚国和晋国打仗ITViZWQ2NGI1NDhhY2Y=,楚国的猛将跑去把晋国军队打了一顿49076080cb1958fefae4c144206a0da0,回去的路上还送给追兵一头鹿作为礼物6d72f4045dd58cb3e31dd64382378c83fdaea105,晋国追兵收了礼物说9560ae1bdfa2dac92518bf745c01e4945a775f9a,不愧是贵族JDViZWQ2NGI1NDhiMmQ=,讲究MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSWgn17YrJ3n5yw26Wi,不追了JTViZWQ2NGI1NDhmNjg=JjViZWQ2NGI1NDgzMzU=

 ITViZWQ2NGI1NDgzNGM=

6939ef281fbc58b7ffbcd78db88ca9f6

117bf47b3702054c575c90cc76e7fdbd

NWJlZDY0YjU0ODNhMw==

▲ 和谐相处的战争7160b6c045b45c0bac73ad236837c7f89a1b988b

 c2406c79b4071714adb56d2355f612f3f33867f0

到了战国时期ea2a0ac5158c4039e03377647a1a1ca193d709c2,都是亲戚的老贵族衰落了JDViZWQ2NGI1NDhiN2Y=,新上位的人就不这么讲规矩QDViZWQ2NGI1NDhmOGE=。同时由于长期战争b1296897dbf7b2717ef03902b34e02b7703a4caa,职业化的常备军也越来越多60c31419206938789ce2fa7cb66579a2,猛将出来单挑很容易被一拥而上整死IzViZWQ2NGI1NDhiYzY=,单挑的流行度就下降了不少MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSWgn17YrJ3n6CyqLmiQDViZWQ2NGI1NDg0MDM=

 JTViZWQ2NGI1NDg0MWI=

虽然我们印象中的武将单挑大多来自《三国演义》XjViZWQ2NGI1NDhiZGU=,但实际上历史中这时候武将单挑的记录非常少QDViZWQ2NGI1NDhmYzA=MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmOwuLmi

6495586de62f10d8c016294a57490163607ade68

决定战争胜败的IzViZWQ2NGI1NDhiZjY=,主要是调动军队的技术7b6f0709ea2e2b850b7c953fa6da1965da59b309,动员人口和粮食等战争资源的能力6d96a4b1c5a2572f47c9c6c82e5a2920b97beda5c62d298082faefdd994d78797d1d8d0a

9f085668626fae8866a5e069bed3ec8077322e42

XjViZWQ2NGI1NDg0YjE=

3d4b64176760f0061147fad8c7c74b39

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmO9tcui

▲单挑盛行的《三国演义》MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmSwqLWi

NWJlZDY0YjU0ODU0YQ==

唐末五代是单挑爱好者的另一个黄金时代cc05269ef71d67de33da9c2fcb91cf11MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmSxqLWi

QDViZWQ2NGI1NDg1N2Y=

这段时间骑兵的战术战法成熟MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaCHYbN6hKuxsqGi,凭借高速度高防护MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSWgn17YrJ3n52w262i,少数精锐骑兵改变战场局势的能力大大增强2eded90f3217fe085ad93d8d82093214。因此对率领骑兵的武将而言9dddf8ffe27f3ea1ea1fe421e5bad23c,个人勇猛特别重要a7920ebcdd1543f812db027ca432a19bJTViZWQ2NGI1NDg1OWM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmS8taWi

双方猛将相遇8d9f6b211a961c2cb68f00d5ed15852b50e2e46f,只能不认怂d5a3be7380d2439aaa10e2476a6b792d,就是干364aea3a9c268d42e7e64d9aa5caebee16254813IzViZWQ2NGI1NDg1ZDU=

44426ecb42900e70ba2538ff6bf9f33c1664ada9

96f0eb15f030d3ca695a1621d5558a7c

78a5adf32dcf1de155a2552a5f6d4338

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmWwy6mi

▲唐末五代时期也很“单挑”ITViZWQ2NGI1NDg2NGQ=

 29fc1bda4cabb7dd3258b5d3b5897aa9

另一方面ITViZWQ2NGI1NDhjYzU=,军阀割据混战c8d4ce6e03369683ea839c1e6e372b94,长期处于互相看不顺眼又弄不死对方的尴尬局面0249438281b9caf6facca9fd4abf9dd85de2c688,有时候就只能靠单挑打破僵局QDViZWQ2NGI1NDkwNTk=d56660f826cf839dab36b529f6d8e45c

cfe0105a4ddcb485a62490cb82e113fe100738c5

五代前晋和燕国打仗时f719fcc8548660593ead89317bd896e24a104a4b,还出现过武将单挑IzViZWQ2NGI1NDhkMjk=,两边士兵放下兵器吃瓜这样毫无职业道德的惨案97b1fcc8a84eefc75400aa7ec295a41ffc9418be。五代之后IzViZWQ2NGI1NDhkNDI=,单挑战术就再也没有兴盛过了8ccc4315e45a86327a482a2a7b8142992924c948MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmWyuL2i

82201b7314f5f58e63187bd3993ea7d9

说了这么多MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3n56xpb2i,其实武将单挑在历史上都是特殊时期特殊情况c8257174832876d040b4732035ccabbdcba15c21,大多数时候38427503a89668f8d57362c53a97a3f6,打仗靠的还是军队的整体实力MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3n56yqLWi,以及调动和使用军队的技术MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3oqqyqLGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmW8k7mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmW9tb2i

万军之中取上将首级不是没有MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-QubSWgn17YrJ3n568y72i,但更多是文学作品的夸张演绎甚至神话c07e6651355e8ec10a2eb5c1022938cbff020b7bc0c54fa703e77e63c64bbe467d87cffc

4fd9c010499f654d2cd63294a3feac5e34fa7dc2

最后一次著名的武将决斗QDViZWQ2NGI1NDhkZTg=,据视知TV所知6f9497b76ae41bfb404c3d42a9eace5e8e01db33,可能是李云龙单挑楚云飞MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaCHYbOHeZ2xsqGiMDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaCHYbN3mq29oqGi

b0dbfadd2e27af158ed03322911d423f

d3e02abc539a2500b2b240bd98aef8e1914cdac8

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3nmayqKmi

d053f5521380056833b5aff04c1f2fe9

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgtKQpryUjaCHYbN3m5y9sqGi

01b6e6372cd7ab4d9f1ad4c6d896ee75

▼互动话题MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-QubSWgn17YrJ3nma9uLmi

如果回到古代战场JTViZWQ2NGI1NDhlMjM=,你最想单挑谁?91d445b8147af19bb6b93bfdfa52d34f5f1efc75

NWJlZDY0YjU0ODg0Ng==

0888fefd116250622d016ec34fcb13f82bf0ffa9

9eb713b3fb00d1d643fbace17a5c3479

13c53fc5445dd8d8dafad1d4df3db6fc019cea77

36a3a7e0219bfd735a3aa970971eb0d5

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