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她曾赤身裸体,任人摆布,却被称为“行为艺术之母”

33c8b164d8c80e6faea9b4435bd7216e9294c856

提起行为艺术9c41322b91691ac488ee84c33d0208e9

大多数人脑海里第一个蹦出来的词c04b0bcfe37e9b8b50dd9d356824ab45

可能是“疯子”、“神经病”d41536fccb32dd2a217f653dc92ee3d3

因为经常与性、暴力、血腥联系在一起NWI0ZmY0NjYwMWQxYg==

传达的思想又那么晦涩、难懂MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3fZ6xy6Wi

也难怪人们会觉得它太出位与博眼球了8bb247a3ecf5bfce2916cefbd18cf4e4

说到行为艺术d7b61ee721309846e7d5c7536032d090914520ab,不得不提起一位传奇人物MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQz7yUgqCLqLGKkZywsqGi

她就是——JTViNGZmNDY2MDIxYmY=

玛丽娜·阿布拉莫维奇Marina AbramovićXjViNGZmNDY2MDIyZGY=

被人称为“行为艺术之母”5900aac5f547960c500da826cb42142cd93a490f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3gGOw27Wi

JjViNGZmNDY2MDI2MWE=

6343751675b10ef1a70d060dda42bddc

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3gGax26mi

玛丽娜·阿布拉莫维奇d38eb541df4bbdb407dcf743fa0d6f54

1946年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHgGawk7mi,生于塞尔维亚首都贝尔格莱德14a82adc57c124655449ff476d12e17f

当代行为艺术、人体艺术家、导演、编剧、演员ec2d57e8c716f49544eddbfe6b837958

人们猜测她狂野大胆、癫狂自由的创作风格ad0456fde3e52240dd7a3b349873d2a9

跟从小受到的对性的压抑式教育819889dd28936db0d5b562498cf57627

不无关系7286a80fbbb439fc262d8cabaef527abd14d45aa

XjViNGZmNDY2MDJmYjg=

玛丽娜与家人XjViNGZmNDY2MDMwY2Q=

e915070541a27d33c3089f67dd1954f5

玛丽娜从20世纪70年代开始MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3hKywy6Wi

在行为艺术上进行实践3df227e62b5f78a12faaad022e138658

这些实践与当代行为艺术的发展史息息相关MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3hGOxpbGi

因此被认为是20世纪最伟大的行为艺术家之一d6680f5ea034ca2f11ad34816522b9ea

到底有哪些实践?我们不妨来看一些f106fe9834f0ab9042b2e4331d0c1311

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3hGaxk7Gi

ef9ad6a3419f06ef5998b27d6b603765d993ac59

《节奏》系列JjViNGZmNDY2MDNhNTA=

f742d1d48316246c375d72c376c6b398

1972年开始MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3hZyyuL2i

她以自己的身体为材料制造各种“自残”行为7e1f4a961a9a75d6a6aeef84daf3e951

每个作品都让人看得心惊肉跳4306ce363323f258acd77a996b3d618354ada879

JjViNGZmNDY2MDNmOWI=

节奏10a4380e8ec2aa7672204fc5102f4bc6bef652dda0

将左手张开放在白纸上9842fc9f0962d4d71c547da1b107d8d29ccdcf02

右手拿刀刺向左手指之间71ea61ba296859daec82850411540d72

JTViNGZmNDY2MDQzZDI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3iGOwtbGi

4e88d8e2bc4c92d94a7af192f1c68c70484dbf82

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3iGWxpami

每次切到手指MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHgGeyqLGi,她就会换一把刀QDViNGZmNDY2MDQ4NDU=

直到10把刀用完aba06cb8ceced19c780e5de920cb09f27fb79ad4

而另一台录音机则录下刀尖的声音410243e38db5ce934de521dc5964369571844625

以及割伤时发出的声音2a2c4f95dcd2ac2961545bf4843b5dff

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3iZy9qLmi

30d97806a10f7fdb40790374f736f881a41324c9

d1133f30fd9e53b5cf088916577d99db

42b87cdda05f47228f7d5c7882fa916e440ab025

节奏419b16d469b4c5dd1467e40a4b995c9119c4b9860

鼓风机长时间猛吹头部94ef76c440764a6d13611c6cd925baf54c2a2d5f

最后导致其昏厥入院MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3jKyxuLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3jK2xzqmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3jGOxk72i

XjViNGZmNDY2MDU2NWI=

XjViNGZmNDY2MDU3Njk=

节奏0JDViNGZmNDY2MDU4Nzc=

玛丽娜面向观众fc6ebdd98780f419b4203e4859c0b8f66f0a3f7b,站在桌子前JjViNGZmNDY2MDU5OGE=

桌子上摆着72种道具f63e8e11663282ae41a759da0c032339

包括子弹、菜刀、钉子、铁链、鞭子等危险物品f1467ac1652ae5de89aed4c8ec6f673e

观众可以使用任何一件物品JDViNGZmNDY2MDVjYjQ=

对她做任何他们想做的事MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3jZ29y7mi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3jZ-wqLGi

2dfaa9175244db989b773aaf799b789b67409606

6f27689c8e5074ea78a5beaeb65bfed083e4a9c8

正常点的像是在她身上画画QDViNGZmNDY2MDYyMDY=

装饰一些东西7429d941b4ca48441b0ee36426283bab1a975acb

危险的像是剪开她的衣服e1720be82d58b6d4b79f06b047f26edd12e26e6b

用刀子划破她的皮肤MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3kGOxy8-i

甚至有观众想要对她开684f0cab2d63c6c6ed6e2cbe42bd0017,太恐怖了!IzViNGZmNDY2MDY2NTY=

5b226a4b9a282bcd99b1c5f3f68174b1

ITViNGZmNDY2MDY4Nzg=

a4cbd6d4e85004d362ae2eef41f5d359d3ed63d8

02b38226199e93bef5b04b022e79669df483e93b

603831418c1cae44dfea4f33b4f9a1eb97a0300f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3kZy9y6Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3kZ6wqLWi

这件作品持续了6个小时36285ed476407b742cad16987bbdbed8

结束后阿布拉莫维奇流着眼泪说:QDViNGZmNDY2MDcwMWU=

“一旦你把决定权交给公众MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHgZ2w28ui,离丧命也就不远了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHiZy828ei。”3b3096780e51200049ab0ce91e2296ae

IzViNGZmNDY2MDcyNjQ=

acc5d05a22cacbac3ba3b407546734bd04c32b30

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3mq28zrmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3mmO9ta2i

25333e58d81178fa14bc0b933f042dd001c5ab9f

《空间中的关系》JjViNGZmNDY2MDc3ZTM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3mmewy72i

1976年a7eb6ff7431b4fe3da92f7095c537101965d28b8,阿布拉莫维奇和男朋友乌雷Ulayf4709d52a518f4c871be7ff570cb0a4fb244b51c

(同为行为艺术家)MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3m5uxy8ei

共同创作了《空间中的关系》870289a98054e81b62131c410209e924

更让他们名声大噪142ee1c4b068988ce14bfe728a8fbb98

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3m568y6Wi

f636008e746d0dce4666f673ef09c3c9

b426f157f2337a68077a4ae489fe47b5c655cff4

469933498e9ab6807a1ba8e6cadae177

阿布拉莫维奇和乌雷裸着身体MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3nqu9zr2i

从相距20米的地方起步MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHgZ-xzqmi,朝对方小跑MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3nq2wta2i

擦身而过后JDViNGZmNDY2MTMwNTY=,再回到原地JjViNGZmNDY2MDg0ZmQ=

如此往复dd5a5d427b47e2590e450c6750ce0295,进行一次次的冲击碰撞35b66fb66488d65c6187b4317a355a5b8403651f

为了使碰撞时产生更好的效果a945e303bf636f27a708dcc12c7460d1ec6c799f

肉体相撞时的声音通过扬声器放送出来03bd210da0b900292ff86b84651d1d6076c06a29

3468a5eb2d2a58bc754fbe5a3007f4079ad43959

ITViNGZmNDY2MDhhN2Y=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3n5u826mi

《明亮/黑暗》MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3n5y9qLGi

JDViNGZmNDY2MDhkY2Q=

1977年QDViNGZmNDY2MTMyODQ=,两人又合作了《明亮/黑暗》d78efedadefdad0a0bbe6f1b299e2d442525faf2

作品中e8e3c16467e5ea82c13feb5a914a3762,两人互扇巴掌dec2d215ebbd91133985ac0095eff5ca

两个相爱的人13ffc93ee2f2e490949ce4a306c5d57f8468a016,为何要执着于伤害对方?IzViNGZmNDY2MDkxMTk=

有那么一句话说过:b5fe9e402c0d2e49d46569d378408344f9d2b72c

最难宽容的6b691eff4df7a128ecc077164111e644,往往是我们最亲最爱的人2592bddb53bfb049057d65d8dac3f13f46624bc7

ea6c090f00bf0071321cb273ca3129cb050074d5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3omO8tbmi

ad860e3c089f6fec61a695b7fee139e1799d3b9a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3omW9pcei

此后两人经常以二人组合的方式QDViNGZmNDY2MDk4Y2E=

来演绎行为艺术4d64e89210ce38c6743012474a33090d693507fe,比如说——XjViNGZmNDY2MDk5ZGU=

JDViNGZmNDY2MDlhZjE=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQz7yUgqCLqLOKgK2ysqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3o52xqLmi

《无量之物》a2190462a6187ba18ad23bb298e7bca0

ITViNGZmNDY2MDlmNGY=

1977年JjViNGZmNDY2MTM4NTE=,赤身裸体的两人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F3o6Cytb2i

站在意大利一家画廊的入口MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6fKq8uK2i

观众想要进入画廊69349dacd62b8ba9adfaac36963928fc470f81e3

只能通过他俩之间的狭小空间MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6fKy9zq2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6fGOwtc-i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6fGSw27Gi

b11455dfa95dd5e7c8e318074ac3b402f4fd5a28

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6fGaxk7Gi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6fGeytb2i

ITViNGZmNDY2MGFhODM=

《潜能》fa64557f9e88feab8f2e3d125d1936e41a4f2ccf

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6fZy9taWi

1980年727d37c3cd757e67bb8265d82e85f9b8,他们创作了《潜能》的艺术MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6fZ29y8ui

两人面对面站着MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHhGi8k7Wi,注视着对方e69925ebadb8777a2f23e70a658a88a10432f93f

一人手里拉着紧绷的弓e78f13b03c13ef6fa2f46796b0c8da61

一人手里拉着一支带毒的箭JTViNGZmNDY2MGIxMmE=

正对着对方的心脏MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6gKuxzrGi

稍不留神bd1432bd902d7bf68ca9b031b0ec10a07edc999e,毒箭就会立马射出ce3222342af00b3a802bef26f5efde39

0970990573e3bdc8f6fd741408d2b449

45d8200607283bcf17552018d5cab84ea44550df

IzViNGZmNDY2MGI2YTk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6gGW9uLWi

1988年c4d02a29945a2d19f99f9f587831bd95,两人因为“艺术观念和生活上的分岐”NWI0ZmY0NjYwYjhkYQ==

决定分手2e0bfbc80dc194c6acd74b07a7a9838d37e5ee20

并通过一场横跨长城的行为艺术3cf4ed3b4a18b166374b5b84590b288256ecb9a6

为这场恋情画上完美的句点JDViNGZmNDY2MGJjMTQ=

2c4c226d5fae79abe061d26f572fe4f55b7aa315

XjViNGZmNDY2MGJlMzE=

《情人·长城》JDViNGZmNDY2MGJmNmQ=

998ebc0a79ea48a0be9f310e96818c5d

1988年f79133323a0b468748542ad78f93173c,阿布拉莫维奇从山海关出发QDViNGZmNDY2MGMxZmU=

沿着长城自东往西行走682be39b11eb3e1495a686984f0582d8702e4f76

乌雷则从戈壁沙漠中的嘉峪关开始3c3a088cc310743bdcf927e5116ad02e

自西向东行走db9daa7e5a0afc0a0c732bc0e8f16c25

经过三个月的长途跋涉ITViNGZmNDY2MGM2YjY=

两人最后在山西省的二郎山会和MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6hGW9y6mi

挥手告别了这段旷世恋情NWI0ZmY0NjYwYzhlYw==

JjViNGZmNDY2MGNhMDU=

ITViNGZmNDY2MGNiNDg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6hZyytc-i

26412d13ff778b76b82b2efcb87ebf07

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6hZ69uKmi

JjViNGZmNDY2MGNmZGY=

f30b8dfd283cb3d22d8befe19684fd14

与乌雷分手后MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6iKuw26Wi

玛丽娜开始尝试MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6iKyxpb2i

将行为艺术与其他艺术媒介相融合c3244d0eeb0f9b879b045edfa61c31d2

比如说——MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6iGOxzrmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6iGSxk7Wi

1996年《与骷髅同裸》QDViNGZmNDY2MGQ3NmI=

abe5f0efe520cbad69dca9109effb891

331457b09006dcfc9a6d5b840f5701fc

666508d5febae435b7d2d08bb70eacfd

XjViNGZmNDY2MGRiYjg=

1997年《巴尔干巴洛克》c10343f4974b4cd93afd62718148aba1bbecffbd

f81c4fabbdafee831de5cd4d14df048d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQz7yUgqCLqL56jKu82KGi

b364b1a4381a57478dc1a8272579d7e80d54f294

874d98ff564452cde7d8bcde01a4e5d0

2002年《海景房》d036580d42c25f3593c8e322cbcbd9e6b6dc64ea

a4fddc1e6c80a02cb7f98920ccdf8deeea219a31

ad1ba4f5b04dffb33c6a027096fe15e8

94781fbe4925dc908815080c1c02e29f0b2cc586

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6jGS8uKmi

39311f0639a0cc2045adf34ff303b36636341e57

最近一次让人动容的作品MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6jGa9tami

恐怕要数2010年的KjViNGZmNDY2MGU5YmM=

《The Artistis Present》ITViNGZmNDY2MGVhY2I=

269c59dd0d3c7ee3ea200e05eb3ef6d3

纽约MoMA展MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHhZ-ypcui,桌子一端坐着阿布拉莫维奇MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QgZaQz7yUgqCLqL6KhKyx2KGi

另一端则是自愿参与的观众2e592d5b1984844aa3929db3cfab863b22fdaca1

行为很简单2270cbaaba38159e128b28460b14b6b4,椅子两端的人们相互对视即可bc0b677298a75dff49a29d99d01803a9b22840cd

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6jaCxtcui

8cb8852b57496d91cba7cbb2e2dcd511

JDViNGZmNDY2MGYyNDI=

JDViNGZmNDY2MGYzNTA=

看着阿布拉莫维奇深邃又深刻的眼神MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6kK2ytami

很多观众在与她对视的同时MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6kGO8tcui

不自觉的留下了眼泪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6kGS8y72i

3e9c9ee64a1767ce129e4015bae922ea

ITViNGZmNDY2MGY4Yzg=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6kGiwqKmi

QDViNGZmNDY2MGZhZWY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6kZyw26mi

两个半月的时间8b1d88fea99499ec426cd19383a806040aa55e45

阿布拉莫维奇接受了1500多人的对视挑战IzViNGZmNDY2MGZlM2Q=

很多文艺界的名人像是莎朗·斯通、Lady Gaga等JDViNGZmNDY2MGZmNTA=

都慕名前来MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7F6kaCyta2i

无论观众那边发生什么样的状况JDViNGZmNDY2MTAxN2I=

都难以让阿布拉莫维奇动容c777277aaa6ff31f2525ed7fb32e94148e5edb9d

而只有一个人的出现MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHiKq8zr2i,让她瞬间湿了眼眶MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHeKy9qKmi

他就是乌雷NWI0ZmY0NjYxMDRkYg==

603735bcedeb7e393bf96f5f3bb903194ecb5b36

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHeGWwk6mi

45de3b4ab46f6b6c2389029ee1771acd0db5a387

JDViNGZmNDY2MTA5MzI=

9f3b6736f06c6c2ba69dbc83c2a1367471bc7923

7b7098eedf777b87192b69e8f5fee3b0e0dd93fa

分手22年后e61e2bc97751b7894972f2e8b87e9d5b,两人再次完成一个作品c025cea1747ebebc402420a429263086d68f47c3

这对曾经同生共死的恋人伸出双手MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHiKy9tc-i,十指相扣6b56945d9db6272621d514fd8db42511e2d16579

仿佛只有对方能够理解自己IzViNGZmNDY2MTBlYjA=

c1ac3d0455fc957c670e8a49b14f55a7

a1a8fac2e8d07fdb6d7fb42c09bc0f1ef685b5ea

QDViNGZmNDY2MTEyMDE=

KjViNGZmNDY2MTEzMjA=

看完这些MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHiGOwpa2i,你还认为阿布拉莫维奇的这些行为b17e3f7e32300014e1d22424e6927e20

是“疯子”一般的行径吗?cd1b5fcb614b0e4729549a9687d670de9e883c1c

艺术家想要表达的行为内涵MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHfGSytcei

或许我们无法从直观的感受中直接汲取eca6ebe68df2fa04c3aa4426e61f902066aa852a

不认同20c1c3708b82703f6364043c8f80e728d11e67a2,可以试着去理解74739ce2a730458632f9cf9a1ac0e20e

最愚蠢的做法KjViNGZmNDY2MTQ2ZmY=,就是不分青红皂白的直接抨击IzViNGZmNDY2MTE5YzY=

XjViNGZmNDY2MTFhZGY=

阿布拉莫维奇所表展现的这些痛苦的行为MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHfZywy6mi

或许用她自己的话可以解释一二吧她说——f8ee559555225c029f79a806e51a8de20ffd9850

“欢乐并不能教会我们什么QDViNGZmNDY2MTQ4MWQ=KjViNGZmNDY2MTFlNmU=

然而2db7444d12eb61f25c913b719d8bc61b5affe806,痛楚、苦难和障碍却能转化我们IzViNGZmNDY2MTRhNGE=b798b7556adbac7d0fb42c38eb606cb8

使我们变得更好、更强大04836b9c4f4cf291150260ce1332114580869cba45acfc7b23515f152178af7d483b8e15

同时让我们认识到生活于当下时刻的至关重要MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHiZ29y7mi。”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-Eqb3RgnqLY7GHgKuwuLmi

956f79afcbc951d2d1971f358140e2ac

- END -4c702e5b1215c3e379ece55e885be29293325a6e

JjViNGZmNDY2MTI1YWI=

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