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她曾赤身裸体,任人摆布,却被称为“行为艺术之母”

635e3b8ea560192859e963c0a4c3855e95a7ed6d

提起行为艺术d23f7a296110271653c5dee7a677033f703c5570

大多数人脑海里第一个蹦出来的词5020acd1d3273743680a1d2052746e74

可能是“疯子”、“神经病”5c66ce276ad94a6f4de346e0ba3a6ca4334f837a

因为经常与性、暴力、血腥联系在一起MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGWxuL2i

传达的思想又那么晦涩、难懂d89a5b0dd80477a7021c36d647f5f56f363f32dd

也难怪人们会觉得它太出位与博眼球了c0f2a753bc0884206c97a15c94e84df716d5f7d2

说到行为艺术2879e8b6d9c0b896c92fd222dac8ffff75d91885,不得不提起一位传奇人物MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGWypbGi

她就是——MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGWyqK2i

玛丽娜·阿布拉莫维奇Marina AbramovićIzViYTU5MzEwNTQ2OWE=

被人称为“行为艺术之母”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGWyuK2i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGW8tbGi

87e5fc54f484c691f811516956aded84

JjViYTU5MzEwNTQ2YmQ=

a60bdadc976bf158be0fc8b450d3f74055d606b9

玛丽娜·阿布拉莫维奇7320a0e18d0f2cd9b677f538b6527860

1946年MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ-8k6mi,生于塞尔维亚首都贝尔格莱德47881c9cae45f8a86d6918128ac8bd77

当代行为艺术、人体艺术家、导演、编剧、演员JTViYTU5MzEwNTQ2ZGY=

人们猜测她狂野大胆、癫狂自由的创作风格QDViYTU5MzEwNTQ2ZTc=

跟从小受到的对性的压抑式教育ITViYTU5MzEwNTQ2ZWY=

不无关系35f4168bdd40d73806d9520e881cfd0a

6924f0e97b1205072b79d06df929145c

玛丽娜与家人KjViYTU5MzEwNTQ3MDc=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGawpcui

玛丽娜从20世纪70年代开始ITViYTU5MzEwNTQ3MTg=

在行为艺术上进行实践98f6f00f9addb484fec834e5c47658f91eaa264b

这些实践与当代行为艺术的发展史息息相关520fe77d66832827dce065adf9761875

因此被认为是20世纪最伟大的行为艺术家之一62eefda102831d2d8a86898815bd02b0

到底有哪些实践?我们不妨来看一些8ccae30915a7d3432064a2951fa762243ea85221

NWJhNTkzMTA1NDc0Mw==

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGaxpbmi

《节奏》系列MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGaxqLGi

JDViYTU5MzEwNTQ3NWE=

1972年开始a60e9c6785ccaac9ed5d0f1e02c2d9be

她以自己的身体为材料制造各种“自残”行为fdfbc9f9a68ef586d3a26010b0ed112fff0f2a3a

每个作品都让人看得心惊肉跳MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGaxzrWi

bd67a38255c31d6986ee42711ba80a60

节奏10eb232f7551c1a253086c18058db56b13f6ae2653

将左手张开放在白纸上MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGaypb2i

右手拿刀刺向左手指之间a12297b5a8b00f3f9790c2545d2d2ec3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGaytcui

b9319375d2c3ec4b19230c273bee4643

d081dd9543d81a2741fc55fe50f520f20e594d21

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGa8y7Wi

每次切到手指771bd6d7f893aba0268a5f86134a2ade177d3c06,她就会换一把刀f3e8d498b59fad83c51df6cf723ba8b8

直到10把刀用完KjViYTU5MzEwNTQ3Y2Q=

而另一台录音机则录下刀尖的声音71f63df9ee213f5c37d34b45d690b244

以及割伤时发出的声音ITViYTU5MzEwNTQ3ZGQ=

06e4f7cdc85a4a3280c3a2780a3d6bb81b2f2926

93a29246143bf97e4b10e834582aba9b

de01f1f04dd9e03cbe090730d3cd15643f08316d

9d46fa07bbd37b8e0c2638cf2d0b9cb0

节奏4MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGa9zr2i

鼓风机长时间猛吹头部fdb82c65893edc791a5e2a38ab0274ad

最后导致其昏厥入院KjViYTU5MzEwNTQ4MTk=

NWJhNTkzMTA1NDgyYQ==

455cb3149474fd425ade4a8f73115138

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ets7egYpzYrJ3nq2xsqGi

JjViYTU5MzEwNTQ4NDQ=

节奏0MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGexpbmi

玛丽娜面向观众2ee8e15b2657c8203a86b52eeae904c0,站在桌子前MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGexqLWi

桌子上摆着72种道具XjViYTU5MzEwNTQ4NWU=

包括子弹、菜刀、钉子、铁链、鞭子等危险物品ITViYTU5MzEwNTQ4NjY=

观众可以使用任何一件物品KjViYTU5MzEwNTQ4NmU=

对她做任何他们想做的事14442a6bcfcda9cbee663899abe25788

2440c056040f98047c052bad591e9ae75e5077ec

XjViYTU5MzEwNTQ4ODc=

JDViYTU5MzEwNTQ4OTA=

正常点的像是在她身上画画3aeff5670aa7f87aaa1623ecc0a29ce2

装饰一些东西ITViYTU5MzEwNTQ4YTE=

危险的像是剪开她的衣服2ab4ab121108828a6525cff9fd7a1457

用刀子划破她的皮肤MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ets7egYpzYrJ3n5u82KGi

甚至有观众想要对她开MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ-9tb2i,太恐怖了!61f3253276eb03b89809c57c34547e1249e4bd9b

IzViYTU5MzEwNTQ4YzU=

fa01623615744e6f18205ff43fc694d7

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGe9paWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGe9pcei

XjViYTU5MzEwNTQ4ZTY=

b485b70a21c6a515031159b77232f0f7

XjViYTU5MzEwNTQ4ZjU=

这件作品持续了6个小时922b586ddf5332e4f9499e4bba441026

结束后阿布拉莫维奇流着眼泪说:58d39730cf7bd6cbef83fe6bb514ed580ced987c

“一旦你把决定权交给公众MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ-9uLmi,离丧命也就不远了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiaC9tcei。”QDViYTU5MzEwNTQ5MGU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGiwqL2i

1938e0fc800a9a2cb068c4abdb852bd1

e330d3cbedb0d58428f80339862782ab1412500f

c441995b28a837fbbb0bc3c7a19afc94

62e5b21bd547b663e140a8ef8f226ec348420f6c

《空间中的关系》c5dd34a7acaca7d44538a8feb5c9896d1036dfd4

JDViYTU5MzEwNTQ5NDc=

1976年395cef9a5e83b11bf0a7f964d4f6e27b,阿布拉莫维奇和男朋友乌雷UlayMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGixpcui

(同为行为艺术家)01871a5b9afead121d9b32de28c69411

共同创作了《空间中的关系》MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ets7egYpzYrJ3omS8sqGi

更让他们名声大噪11bb5ba3d700ad4ae51521a626b78c7d2c801b06

b42addd740b844b3bcc28a642bf8441df7f55b75

34d0436f19e88b9593c282f9cfe60e41

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiGiypaWi

JDViYTU5MzEwNTQ5OTA=

阿布拉莫维奇和乌雷裸着身体MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ets7egYpzYrJ3omiw2KGi

从相距20米的地方起步6abbe974c0bdfaa9f717f548208325411e26169b,朝对方小跑57288a61b069770d1de5e497a5db51d5d3072e81

擦身而过后MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiaCwpcui,再回到原地1550a55b274c26034638d38d61edf393

如此往复ITViYTU5MzEwNTRmMTg=,进行一次次的冲击碰撞f8a17d438b70b94a6765f2c2b69b75c6

为了使碰撞时产生更好的效果KjViYTU5MzEwNTQ5YmU=

肉体相撞时的声音通过扬声器放送出来XjViYTU5MzEwNTQ5YzY=

088d55741d50655ee213890639c92633

620d2b5ff293d431927f6ee4fcf9686d923e4aeb

15e5bdbaf4cd827b8fecd06e371fb80c783e8352

《明亮/黑暗》21f11a0318864768f0651cab7b6d02e4

8c471bed04c219e914e447abc0cc89d7

1977年a691cbf543694656a488369e76c3d08e,两人又合作了《明亮/黑暗》878cd34c343328e810adfeaa6baff800

作品中XjViYTU5MzEwNTRmMjg=,两人互扇巴掌b514f65baa38e2cbff188bfe2e53e7d4

两个相爱的人MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiaCwy8-i,为何要执着于伤害对方?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZuwpbGi

有那么一句话说过:bfb4b57acb2a6c7ee978df3362e0a02c

最难宽容的d90e7103037527a785c0c39fe24ad719f1436dbf,往往是我们最亲最爱的人00e301d9f2cd6cfe18ebba58fb90bf6606025fda

e257e9d224806e72db509c1c62bafb54dd53c577

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZuwy62i

9485ec3428ba5032500ab30f55f80647d6c2e751

f722ee2ffe887ce313a8c6c59e3e7259569416e4

此后两人经常以二人组合的方式KjViYTU5MzEwNTRhNDM=

来演绎行为艺术ad3308260fb27af87f80c5107d73fcf7dc3ec076,比如说——JTViYTU5MzEwNTRhNGI=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZuxqLGi

1b269a2128f2a2befd6d6cf976b22e39

c029cbb7fa15eda5b1725fba2905c5e2

《无量之物》XjViYTU5MzEwNTRhNmY=

4e522d543caf4b03eb1fce308095f494

1977年NWJhNTkzMTA1NGY0OQ==,赤身裸体的两人7129d7735d8fde382c6ea07e2e4c83fe

站在意大利一家画廊的入口40bc6446a81aac5e791560c463e3965ff90bd1b3

观众想要进入画廊b7b02bbf94885abf898a2e5e3f63683a

只能通过他俩之间的狭小空间353f732cfafdb06d66c3f6dda0d1461c

JjViYTU5MzEwNTRhYTg=

b9c99a248d435c286d21eb3b7f224a5d151ee077

b16f664b687a6e5a87097d718c74f8a7

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZu8zqmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZu8262i

c02ef76d4704026181a37f20c938f6ca

《潜能》47af342ded17329b034e2ac228037068

2c95e27605bbef7970fa7ca7c7414a22f46a8396

1980年ITViYTU5MzEwNTRmNTM=,他们创作了《潜能》的艺术9024cec4ec816bdd0902ff73a5d7104f71ee9ae3

两人面对面站着af6123b5bda08fb9d834aa02158622cee43801f2,注视着对方MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ets7egYpzYrJ6faCwsqGi

一人手里拉着紧绷的弓MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZu9y8ui

一人手里拉着一支带毒的箭955e85582e713794aa50951dd3e2db8e

正对着对方的心脏2e0374e08d95c527cad08ab1722a3134

稍不留神MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiaCxuLGi,毒箭就会立马射出XjViYTU5MzEwNTRiMTk=

547be516ac1fd3690e3972093db7003d

JDViYTU5MzEwNTRiNGE=

NWJhNTkzMTA1NGI1NQ==

f21d3124a64afddf784329d00cfc3a6b1b091a2a

1988年6561b1efa467ec9d0faa36efe0220d5b,两人因为“艺术观念和生活上的分岐”f1dd6194197c93acd7460ca2d561fb3db30627b4

决定分手JTViYTU5MzEwNTRiNmY=

并通过一场横跨长城的行为艺术MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZyx26Wi

为这场恋情画上完美的句点6e251bdb6be542f7996c8a99cdd85cd1

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZyypbGi

dba6ebe96dc4b98dc3ef9519b949d804b6676205

《情人·长城》JjViYTU5MzEwNTRiOWM=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZyyuLWi

1988年8bfc9556bd69ba8b7a27a30eab31107a,阿布拉莫维奇从山海关出发MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ets7egYpzYrJ6gZuyoqGi

沿着长城自东往西行走JjViYTU5MzEwNTRiYjg=

乌雷则从戈壁沙漠中的嘉峪关开始QDViYTU5MzEwNTRiYzA=

自西向东行走00ff7921ba8ac5e6544c56caebea4863a3c1163e

经过三个月的长途跋涉4a80cee9ab9a7e1a9378c4d5afae5805

两人最后在山西省的二郎山会和2b1a141ae551381490cd52cfe55d7c85

挥手告别了这段旷世恋情MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZy9qLWi

727c89f19fa72426a122faa0c761ef065e6afb6e

8cb3e7e2443841624eb2c963a86e283daac4ff38

b82c14942e606fe3292c844ef7f4eb07

86694187c0a9bcbd80687642c6ab5e8f

1cd73d2741f1d939bf5bf3e58f25635f1c091032

8e0429c067a7e39f1ae18cdb283a59b0a28fd47b

ce723e8f0582f282a5189ff735ba7dab4372cbea

与乌雷分手后NWJhNTkzMTA1NGMyYw==

玛丽娜开始尝试19c7f871c9dd7783a3a256deda0c80d119a2c5bf

将行为艺术与其他艺术媒介相融合IzViYTU5MzEwNTRjM2U=

比如说——JDViYTU5MzEwNTRjNDY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ2xpcei

1996年《与骷髅同裸》403b3a81cc4802e691f6819de2861e55

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ2xtcui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ2xy62i

NWJhNTkzMTA1NGM3MQ==

XjViYTU5MzEwNTRjNzk=

1997年《巴尔干巴洛克》QDViYTU5MzEwNTRjODE=

3054bff5c785a543c77129bc128fbfe10786928b

NWJhNTkzMTA1NGM5Mg==

XjViYTU5MzEwNTRjOWE=

8ef84e7eb9e4d594f479243e602e958fe6b17ee5

2002年《海景房》799e9275b8d22ccbe2c84cf120b1a67367d53496

QDViYTU5MzEwNTRjYjI=

efb86c5103f8aeb65cdb6a047cd24375

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ28zq2i

a8c8c5167c66c3b3d1297d6f1b519c7f

QDViYTU5MzEwNTRjZDI=

最近一次让人动容的作品KjViYTU5MzEwNTRjZGM=

恐怕要数2010年的6f427374cd7e215fdc4b6f504d2a5a438c901b3e

《The Artistis Present》d2c794141239e1f19a9327fff98527b0716d14d3

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ets7egYpzYrJ6haCwyKGi

纽约MoMA展JDViYTU5MzEwNTRmN2M=,桌子一端坐着阿布拉莫维奇QDViYTU5MzEwNTRkMDI=

另一端则是自愿参与的观众9c8c3b639f5b9b57861b569021c098aa

行为很简单592edd928e8866bd5283d5af30622e665a91facc,椅子两端的人们相互对视即可JTViYTU5MzEwNTRkMTI=

49e50264a0da16c3e477e66c3cfeb456

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ6wuLGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ6wy7Wi

bd6b981a30948bafc04e8d910ca33f2711c56b39

看着阿布拉莫维奇深邃又深刻的眼神7cd9f4bac9c7d78049819c008f3428ef82ca5ffb

很多观众在与她对视的同时66a0c359bc4c92f0fc4779f2d0826326263c23cf

不自觉的留下了眼泪MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ6xpbmi

8188f65a01be739e818d81d29cee1434

ITViYTU5MzEwNTRkNWQ=

KjViYTU5MzEwNTRkNjU=

JDViYTU5MzEwNTRkNmM=

XjViYTU5MzEwNTRkNzU=

两个半月的时间40ef300ce3b48cfe9e99079dd729d8e9

阿布拉莫维奇接受了1500多人的对视挑战IzViYTU5MzEwNTRkODU=

很多文艺界的名人像是莎朗·斯通、Lady Gaga等MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ets7egYpzYrJ6iGeyoqGi

都慕名前来2b45bcee747e09caf583c3b71e9792fbc2c98581

无论观众那边发生什么样的状况6c22fa2d15cc22e8a764b738f81e6452c5f9d91a

都难以让阿布拉莫维奇动容QDViYTU5MzEwNTRkYTk=

而只有一个人的出现5ba5680310c65cb3f1399273b699f0f1,让她瞬间湿了眼眶XjViYTU5MzEwNTRkYjE=

他就是乌雷9a2ac2d203a6a4a0b3273cd7e68cd062

90b440e03805bde0934f7718682aef94faad22a1

JjViYTU5MzEwNTRkYzk=

e494505730b84f0fba271f050c28604b

84669458b368b60758465146dad15bcd45d13364

QDViYTU5MzEwNTRkZTM=

a9008ec1faefe88e62c28f68a501a10c

分手22年后bd0ab8ab0f6310c9bf96755debd847700c3ce72f,两人再次完成一个作品KjViYTU5MzEwNTRkZjI=

这对曾经同生共死的恋人伸出双手642dd3e3a6b77f977ecd6fed7831358f,十指相扣88048d5bea6c0ef2294cef28eff7c54f

仿佛只有对方能够理解自己4e07c0cc308484845857c5f655b41466

QDViYTU5MzEwNTRlMTA=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9js-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ-wtami

QDViYTU5MzEwNTRlMjQ=

7ccaec15f636332615b3a7888e9bfaa2

看完这些MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ets7egYpzYrJ6kZuxsqGi,你还认为阿布拉莫维奇的这些行为KjViYTU5MzEwNTRlMzU=

是“疯子”一般的行径吗?fa714531e19865104ae5979c81be954db12c9663

艺术家想要表达的行为内涵50a026f26a61d7828161de4f2521c955f94472bd

或许我们无法从直观的感受中直接汲取06b20c0014b54ff46b14cfa004938893e1c1a55a

不认同JDViYTU5MzEwNTRmYjU=,可以试着去理解63bb9fcb47b2687f757119276e08f9c7

最愚蠢的做法31c73bef99c3928f15a1c2aa79c9e62d,就是不分青红皂白的直接抨击JDViYTU5MzEwNTRlNjE=

ITViYTU5MzEwNTRlNjk=

阿布拉莫维奇所表展现的这些痛苦的行为MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ-xzqmi

或许用她自己的话可以解释一二吧她说——f5b2534fc99cb332866b2170cd410736

“欢乐并不能教会我们什么MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiaC827Wi233a8f4d7aa56d35e4e82911713d41a3

然而XjViYTU5MzEwNTRmZDQ=,痛楚、苦难和障碍却能转化我们274946974453f8bb6788445d32916b8b70002af9a824fcc266f597d4a69f06f1

使我们变得更好、更强大d09bce026665d79cd3c01446edfb4c78011b61adMDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ-yqKmi

同时让我们认识到生活于当下时刻的至关重要d13983af2389c802ae2b323e05ddfda4。”622793203a57197f28d576777ffb90af

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6Qgs6Ets7egYpzYrJ6jZuwoqGi

- END -MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjs-PtriZgbB3qLKHiZ-8tcui

ae80aa696205ead90c380d6855b2ff5deb860527

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