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她曾赤身裸体,任人摆布,却被称为“行为艺术之母”

XjVjNmQ4YzNmNWIzN2M=

提起行为艺术6a1eba1d8e336854ed291fdfff420ed9

大多数人脑海里第一个蹦出来的词a9dff88f0024c489f79a557aae9bbdb4

可能是“疯子”、“神经病”MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgK2yuLmi

因为经常与性、暴力、血腥联系在一起MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgK28tb2i

传达的思想又那么晦涩、难懂MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgWiLYr2dhZyw2KGi

也难怪人们会觉得它太出位与博眼球了MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgK28zrmi

说到行为艺术QDVjNmQ4YzNmNWJiYTA=,不得不提起一位传奇人物9c6b221e5bbf72f45c4db406293d00e4

她就是——386bc309426f3b68d502b3a304d7607c

玛丽娜·阿布拉莫维奇Marina AbramovićMDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgK29pc-i

被人称为“行为艺术之母”d9796dfa3617a6061b9f69d6f3ba6aa1

328023caecf80ff879aca50fe45b3d27

838ba7251a8d323dac58767fbb887e7a

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGOwpbGi

66b5ae142c21b40705adcde21c7a1952

玛丽娜·阿布拉莫维奇MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGOwtbGi

1946年eae5a6f783d72d2b2dc12548305928b8,生于塞尔维亚首都贝尔格莱德17913350a0d89090f891e6bda298b17e9c1c531b

当代行为艺术、人体艺术家、导演、编剧、演员73c49afca3bfe065a6c1325e4af61e0f

人们猜测她狂野大胆、癫狂自由的创作风格f9824e5a3b193362d033ba6ddde6f1083c284731

跟从小受到的对性的压抑式教育4a5da21fa9d5fe2db144084f7739078012bb482e

不无关系MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGOxta2i

9cf7ba5241d8ee42fa1537ae76c9ab0af37ec264

玛丽娜与家人MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgWiLYr2diGWx2KGi

JTVjNmQ4YzNmNWI0NzU=

玛丽娜从20世纪70年代开始a841432b1dc4878991fb575800ec0234

在行为艺术上进行实践MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGOxk7mi

这些实践与当代行为艺术的发展史息息相关QDVjNmQ4YzNmNWI0OGQ=

因此被认为是20世纪最伟大的行为艺术家之一262bb01f974317593b3647661c703453

到底有哪些实践?我们不妨来看一些bbaf73318d24f47d083a24831efde1d4

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGO8taWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGO8tc-i

《节奏》系列395cf0e9d64e90d5849950b5fc07fcf5eab327e5

d96d273582ab35e97e6b092129f5cd85

1972年开始JTVjNmQ4YzNmNWI0YzU=

她以自己的身体为材料制造各种“自残”行为IzVjNmQ4YzNmNWI0Y2Q=

每个作品都让人看得心惊肉跳cf7279378e1134465534bca04c66e7a5cd6c60b7

d9eef47e607e1ad2e29bf652a48fcb12

节奏10ITVjNmQ4YzNmNWI0ZTg=

将左手张开放在白纸上46aad397d4f48b09b4206fcbb51ce3a5

右手拿刀刺向左手指之间6b18d00ca0681e7a92113cfa85a852d2

475f39a4d48e71ed45a9dff4b1441c3113784c09

XjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI1MGE=

35375027c9b39235d57e5629851158ebc6488211

ba576bf302ed2c27e97dac540be514fde7a6d570

每次切到手指abcadfadf45c442544a13d013b63c7d1a51a4211,她就会换一把刀879c4be7cc111451c39b5ac6207ac2b9

直到10把刀用完c2ab1a875be0e3bfddf195964c14b63b5e62f15b

而另一台录音机则录下刀尖的声音774fcb3c4204fce57357569cdf651169

以及割伤时发出的声音JTVjNmQ4YzNmNWI1Mzg=

61927c9e3c2bc9dcb5ca677f7e037f088737cb1b

e28c7e81911e4323092f109ee3e92c7494ada44b

ef60103e5cb236c0284e427c27a71a7de0474e44

88bb3f2c9d8083c563794eff279fb99c

节奏4c3dc07b3477ce09098d5dc1cc9252302

鼓风机长时间猛吹头部MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGSxy7Wi

最后导致其昏厥入院866b63c4b2fd699eadef79de388a57b7fa26d5b7

bd8f114e37012786af8bb772bb547c60358cbeef

ITVjNmQ4YzNmNWI1ODI=

b0930eec2b2e63bb6fb042161c0fbcaa

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGSyqKmi

节奏0MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGSytami

玛丽娜面向观众IzVjNmQ4YzNmNWJiYjk=,站在桌子前97a2bf2fd36537f90ce147c085c573602514a8be

桌子上摆着72种道具dacdd8cd0f136abb0a1bf780f6a5a6acade4d901

包括子弹、菜刀、钉子、铁链、鞭子等危险物品XjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI1YjI=

观众可以使用任何一件物品de5fb28324d7fce720103471dde0ad2f66b20718

对她做任何他们想做的事NWM2ZDhjM2Y1YjVjMw==

3755cec29fab6ec273febbeff8733f9e

JTVjNmQ4YzNmNWI1ZGE=

b32ade19e9882d48c4baedc295ba704e

正常点的像是在她身上画画4136c1fd75facbbce7eb73602224068d

装饰一些东西MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgWiLYr2djZ-9yKGi

危险的像是剪开她的衣服JjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI1ZmU=

用刀子划破她的皮肤KjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI2MDc=

甚至有观众想要对她开16339b662b4a64c57b97e451f0f2f1ff3b242cf6,太恐怖了!MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgWiLYr2dkKq8sqGi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgWiLYr2dkKuw2KGi

9a71dcf50849c6d2c0096a28a13bb81ee0862913

9d9405877894d93ca8175b76869aa1c7

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGWwzrGi

496463ce29d04afa64a13db398f048ce2edfe95f

86a44d8c49353a7f3e4093192edcf290f493a3c1

IzVjNmQ4YzNmNWI2NDg=

这件作品持续了6个小时737c904de06c878a9aec6f14d77f9ae28eaf7757

结束后阿布拉莫维奇流着眼泪说:fddb2de6f8b2c13a8ad78e0936a9d6fd

“一旦你把决定权交给公众MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZy827mi,离丧命也就不远了649310e5bffad9a1964c94832bd3ae93bbbd889e。”adadfd0faaf68a20f62e813890d4a54a

904c03814ab31c5cc2ceee37971cd246b3dbbb49

21aca99e9fa44af2a502969fd4d24da8

22f853cd90278eb3a8368875c4d8025a644c12c5

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGWxk62i

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGWypbWi

《空间中的关系》dc959909ff5ec4540898fdc56801bc9f

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGWytb2i

1976年a7efc67c4be283d0d2590c548e775052,阿布拉莫维奇和男朋友乌雷UlayNWM2ZDhjM2Y1YjZhZA==

(同为行为艺术家)NWM2ZDhjM2Y1YjZiNg==

共同创作了《空间中的关系》KjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI2YmU=

更让他们名声大噪XjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI2YzU=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGW8272i

cf6eaaeedae3e6580c4e6d160c6a3a36

MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgWiLYr2dkZ6xyKGi

NWM2ZDhjM2Y1YjZlNw==

阿布拉莫维奇和乌雷裸着身体7d3afbe2d91a30eeb61080ed10d9e22d

从相距20米的地方起步980ce0f9692e55c22fe4eb87d9b16b3a,朝对方小跑QDVjNmQ4YzNmNWI2ZmE=

擦身而过后4db293a36fee1e92b92a373c26f39dfbe5989360,再回到原地XjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI3MDM=

如此往复c2cd0c9222009546fe17ca8f2f0fd4b33706b31e,进行一次次的冲击碰撞MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgWiLYr2dmqqxsqGi

为了使碰撞时产生更好的效果cc54648f2534784c64aaf2ec97e529f9

肉体相撞时的声音通过扬声器放送出来ITVjNmQ4YzNmNWI3MjI=

4f12bf616de6c72141762e1090f91acc026f9497

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGawzqmi

JjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI3Mzc=

《明亮/黑暗》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGaw28ui

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGaxpaWi

1977年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZy9y7Wi,两人又合作了《明亮/黑暗》JDVjNmQ4YzNmNWI3NGY=

作品中f0c0b8f88c3c2fd5ea3e8939399f7c2d4c3b5cf3,两人互扇巴掌ITVjNmQ4YzNmNWI3NTg=

两个相爱的人78facb9efe061f10dc4784e48fa3e269,为何要执着于伤害对方?40724129575559e3cd2df96cfde86cfd7c6ced9c

有那么一句话说过:IzVjNmQ4YzNmNWI3Njg=

最难宽容的f577d0fc1b993823a0e2d461b49fc5ec,往往是我们最亲最爱的人JDVjNmQ4YzNmNWI3NmY=

6615d8df309e20f49970250a97f45c5f6eb14cdb

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGax28ei

c6f0f7a8518295fbaa81bdc09dfc8571

cfc713bf103161190ef3a914068543f5

此后两人经常以二人组合的方式fc7c3fd2af1435ddb0256fcf6d34dae4aab4c9cf

来演绎行为艺术99626b8c52ab923eaabd8acbf7b034e5,比如说——MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGaytbmi

JjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI3YTM=

a75d03de4c748edd27492294b44faa52

eb6bb2ad5b3cfdce894e0c75141a0902890120ef

《无量之物》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGa8y7Wi

4d2caec6461d70f74e6371d72b13c0f2

1977年ITVjNmQ4YzNmNWJjMjY=,赤身裸体的两人KjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI3Y2E=

站在意大利一家画廊的入口853112fbdfdbdbcd4ca12a91847d4d4fae066679

观众想要进入画廊a50058d86f307593c7ed869042a9a940cf238f46

只能通过他俩之间的狭小空间XjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI3ZTI=

ITVjNmQ4YzNmNWI3ZTk=

b8cf8ccbb8f960dd304af4ad45bb11ce

2ffa13aab4ba26ec19d3f5a3bfbf82a6ea6813a1

JjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI4MDE=

dbf34142be5a072c71e8ea6844213edc6f6423a0

KjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI4MTE=

《潜能》XjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI4MTk=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGewuKmi

1980年3d14f452296b3e89bb489c0f975c1a217b5aecf6,他们创作了《潜能》的艺术IzVjNmQ4YzNmNWI4Mjk=

两人面对面站着afc733f5f2dd723785bfe6e07e4379288f6d998b,注视着对方MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGewzqmi

一人手里拉着紧绷的弓MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGew26mi

一人手里拉着一支带毒的箭JDVjNmQ4YzNmNWI4NDE=

正对着对方的心脏b30495b8f272dbaee2349599ef474787

稍不留神f9375a96ddb05619eefb7f25525503855704068c,毒箭就会立马射出809b86fe0a94c306029d2a62b064ea55b41d465d

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGexta2i

7bec6456ce98d2527e5e236ff47b791a56f261ca

IzVjNmQ4YzNmNWI4NmE=

1ae827e68c9df540e84c9153a68878c2

1988年bdcf40301e14c8644efaec8889733aa9ad1de909,两人因为“艺术观念和生活上的分岐”XjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI4Nzg=

决定分手7682ae9ba9edfdd9fd5eb9eaf6e6c1f227a6dd20

并通过一场横跨长城的行为艺术160ddb553d7ec54465d52ef2babe1609

为这场恋情画上完美的句点af664d87ea41425b3249120aa4648bcc8b44ef9c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGeytbGi

JDVjNmQ4YzNmNWI4YTM=

《情人·长城》MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGe8tbWi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGe8uLGi

1988年MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZ2xpb2i,阿布拉莫维奇从山海关出发MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGe8y7Gi

沿着长城自东往西行走MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGe8zrGi

乌雷则从戈壁沙漠中的嘉峪关开始80824cbe719adfbe5ab7da9e2d4e590e

自西向东行走ITVjNmQ4YzNmNWI4ZDQ=

经过三个月的长途跋涉780bdc9a1ecee54576bc9aac3b416556

两人最后在山西省的二郎山会和NWM2ZDhjM2Y1YjhlMw==

挥手告别了这段旷世恋情JjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI4ZWI=

6afd66b4cb3bc9398264872db98f803f

7c0e978a9f63694bc172338112998642

JjVjNmQ4YzNmNWI5MDI=

54f9e55e1d685e7d41154a404eb1af433fb79bbf

a3b0d3e521c3a0869efc0f1bee448682ea6e25d4

db4ffaf5d541f03a981e04e87dc6160b

d9b5c5335fcaabb8302052a532a04393

与乌雷分手后JTVjNmQ4YzNmNWI5Mjk=

玛丽娜开始尝试f70060e75ec21e38a48f1e93b35a92bbd641320b

将行为艺术与其他艺术媒介相融合acef2f4d6bacbb794d8b1d8a75910f03

比如说——f8803a75a6a7de81b17fe11c686b8ef4

869cda682d3154adf949bc4ce79b942d

1996年《与骷髅同裸》92ad06eb47c7f3f117ba85f8123fc1ae

b52c5049ba0bec1cb06505749918b4ca

NWM2ZDhjM2Y1Yjk2NA==

JDVjNmQ4YzNmNWI5NmM=

bdb08630f17605e9d482130df6ad8281238b7b96

1997年《巴尔干巴洛克》b2facd751dbd3d29f5478dba1b8fbb4a

c49061d1597055b9ac7f9123121bbbd3

9481bf7f6eec83b6425e225669680134

6dd7cad54d660c5345a88abd77c625fe231889f3

85866b6104d3c2f0e794ff36372bfd07

2002年《海景房》JTVjNmQ4YzNmNWI5YTY=

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGi8tcei

ITVjNmQ4YzNmNWI5YjQ=

929b17db274ece8ef4967bdf1c453d569d4da741

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHp9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGi8zrGi

61b27f272ffa659743ae1fff713398aadc1254dd

最近一次让人动容的作品ced5e758029c4ac8773baf4a4862169f87c2317b

恐怕要数2010年的b6985eae4f18f7d641397693188a2b3d

《The Artistis Present》b50afd3334e86aadbc407fb6418d4575

117f488a8985d4508f8626888ba76c832d2ce874

纽约MoMA展b12a60db2612642a967fa6ea2c771089,桌子一端坐着阿布拉莫维奇112980de33660e13d7716ff5633d9bc0

另一端则是自愿参与的观众54771fdec086e17b53331c45b5aaf489

行为很简单JTVjNmQ4YzNmNWJjNWY=,椅子两端的人们相互对视即可MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgGi9y7Wi

b63aaa9ea0f3d3faeb41134307c726e3a8e1f476

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZuwpbWi

XjVjNmQ4YzNmNWJhMTU=

debc60c18bc3bd0d2c57c3a99e340344

看着阿布拉莫维奇深邃又深刻的眼神da9fd31ad955e5de963824e4549738f6

很多观众在与她对视的同时MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZuwy8ui

不自觉的留下了眼泪4706d32c6a7143c2bce638f73ccf42c10c6ddd96

cba4fc13665928afbe8a7ecf3ed87f65e629c4d2

JjVjNmQ4YzNmNWJhNDU=

b1a5ad737f1d8fbc58df65fd65d211007758318c

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIijjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZuxqLmi

66240cf0a1a0e53551a9e0f661e9d1cb

两个半月的时间6aaf3f9f65780d1bc22ac46503e5e1960ff8e7f7

阿布拉莫维奇接受了1500多人的对视挑战IzVjNmQ4YzNmNWJhNmE=

很多文艺界的名人像是莎朗·斯通、Lady Gaga等JjVjNmQ4YzNmNWJhNzU=

都慕名前来554c8d1bd14135ffc660be5c461c6c41bccad3a0

无论观众那边发生什么样的状况MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZuxk72i

都难以让阿布拉莫维奇动容MDAwMDAwMDAwMHujjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZuypcei

而只有一个人的出现d49f17bbe81c25a3c1c08b99706d7de4a6879d61,让她瞬间湿了眼眶b3757e22f64654f3d4bca0782987bd6b

他就是乌雷QDVjNmQ4YzNmNWJhYWI=

IzVjNmQ4YzNmNWJhYjI=

286f5bdf67c39338cea49069197371fe

e191187878e199daf22622cb71f4bd86

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmNjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZu827Gi

ITVjNmQ4YzNmNWJhZDA=

ITVjNmQ4YzNmNWJhZDc=

分手22年后d6f10a40ab05273c09047a8533ddb8736a17c99a,两人再次完成一个作品MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZu9pcui

这对曾经同生共死的恋人伸出双手83797625676f084edd816f85e7a0f296fe5ae7f7,十指相扣MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZu9tami

仿佛只有对方能够理解自己MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqNjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZu9uKmi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZu9y7Wi

MDAwMDAwMDAwMIF9jtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZu9zrGi

5f1bb3cf068c9f6c858a571e3426f7474a289c54

JDVjNmQ4YzNmNWJiMTQ=

看完这些c77a5b8922f9bd64116824e645040a25,你还认为阿布拉莫维奇的这些行为QDVjNmQ4YzNmNWJiMWI=

是“疯子”一般的行径吗?MDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZywuLGi

艺术家想要表达的行为内涵JTVjNmQ4YzNmNWJiMmI=

或许我们无法从直观的感受中直接汲取KjVjNmQ4YzNmNWJiMzI=

不认同MDAwMDAwMDAwMH6QhZiQpsvOgWiLYr2ghGewoqGi,可以试着去理解JTVjNmQ4YzNmNWJiM2I=

最愚蠢的做法279b48cd09f2081d2cf039c26f994c904a90dec5,就是不分青红皂白的直接抨击beca07e497994ad9eccc1aaf138806e46844355f

JTVjNmQ4YzNmNWJiNGQ=

阿布拉莫维奇所表展现的这些痛苦的行为293402117e928befc614e6722792d2c007db09b8

或许用她自己的话可以解释一二吧她说——d97096260767d058646572fdcb5d726c

“欢乐并不能教会我们什么MDAwMDAwMDAwMHmzjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZ2ytaWiMDAwMDAwMDAwMHqjjtCEz7SYjbCAnrKKgZyxuLmi

然而JTVjNmQ4YzNmNWJjOWU=,痛楚、苦难和障碍却能转化我们6ef9b8515432e38928db48c45105ac0cc02bb14aKjVjNmQ4YzNmNWJiNmM=

使我们变得更好、更强大7786a072fe590b965f840253bec8fe7a2bd9cc7dd095e9a79c01a7b33546c98aba361a0e6c706120

同时让我们认识到生活于当下时刻的至关重要f870045f903b2997507fca91d89cce2e。”NWM2ZDhjM2Y1YmI3ZQ==

KjVjNmQ4YzNmNWJiODY=

- END -ITVjNmQ4YzNmNWJiOGQ=

e731b6090a2fb1bcfb0f725bb42217c5

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